Episode 13 The One Show - Best of Britain

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Hello and welcome to The One Show, Best Of Britain with Lucy Siegle


and Matt Allwright and the chance to see our favourite The One Show


films. We're in the Cairngorms National


Park. Isn't it beautiful? I love it. It is the biggest National Park in


Britain. Twice the size of the lake district. Which is in itself very


big. Here you get some of the UK's most exciting species, otters,


ospreys, wildcats. Not to mention the Scottish cross bill. Don't


forget. If you look in the rivers and the lochs, you may catch a


glimpse of the superfish of the Highlands? Is it a bird or a plane?


No, it is just a fish! For just a few weeks every year, our Scottish


rivers play host to a wildlife story packed with drama and the


ultimate determination. Because, this is a great time of


the year to see Atlantic salmon making incredible leaps up weirs


and waterfalls. Believe me, they will have a crack at anything!


These salmon are trying to head home back up the very rivers that


they were born. It is the final chapter of a massive migration.


Most of the salmon you see leaping will have swum all the way to


Greenland and back, dodging the jaws of sharks, seals, humans and


all sorts of other predators. These are the lucky ones.


Salmons spend years feeding at sea, but when they return they are


focused on one thing, getting upriver to breed. That means battle


against these mighty pitfalls, it looks exhausting, but in true The


One Show spirit, I'm prepared to take the plunge. I'm going to


attempt the impossible, trying to swim the last leg of a salmon's


epic journey upstream. Wish me good luck! It's very, very cold! Argh!


And like me, the salmon don't mind this chilly water, in fact, they


use it as a tool to navigate their way home.


The way that salmon try to find the exact river in which they were born


is by using the chemical signature in each river, so basically, they


sniff their way home. It smells like the River Tay to me! Even in


this relatively calm stretch of water, the current is whipping


along at ten miles an hour and I'm struggling. The only way I'll make


it to the rapids is to cheat. But not even Michael Phelps could


cope with these currents. I did say it was impossible. I went


into the middle there where the stream was stronger. I must have


gone about 20 metres before I was exhausted.


I'm also very cold and salmon do that for hundreds of miles from the


sea right to their spawning grounds much higher up. How-do they do it?


OK. So maybe they are a little more streamlined than I am, but when


they get the chance they rest in deep pools like this one, monitored


by fisheries manager, David. Basically, the fish have swum up,


they will stay in a nice deep pool that is secure and secluded and


stay here basically until they are ready to spawn or ready to move


upstream. What is the maximum height that


they can jump over rapids? They have been recorded to jump up to 11


feet. I think that is the British record, but that is really


exceptional for a clear jump. Most of it is less than that.


Back upstream is this river's largest obstacle, the National


Trust for Scotland's Black Lynn waterfall. It is a five metre wall


of water. To reach the top here, salmon must


jump in stages, hoping to find small ledges along the way.


Wow! There we go! What a cracking leap.


Some of their largest leaps are equivalent to me jumping two


double-decker buses! Only one in 1,000 salmon will ever make it back


to breed, so seeing them leap is a real privilege.


Wow! There we go. It just jumped out of nowhere and


hit the rock and bounced straight back down. I tell you, having heard


I could have a go at it myself, I am now full of admiration for these


athletes in the fish world. I can't wait for the fish Olympics!


Madrid, 2013! Exciting, isn't it, Matt? Yes, what does this landscape


make you feel? Right now I want to dive into the water, but it is


freezing. It makes me feel like writing


poetry. Dark brown is the river, golden is the sand, it flows on


forever with trees on either hand. That's buert, Matt, did you write


that? -- that's beautiful, Matt, did you write it? No.


This landscape was a huge source of inspiration for painters like John


millet. But also many more.


Here is Gyles Brandreth. Pull the poor wretch from her lay


to muddy depths. Lines from Shakespeare's play, Ham let,


describing the last moments of ham let's love, Ophelia as she drowns.


As families are the words is a painting of Ophelia. It depicts the


Shakespeare character as she takes her life in a river in Denmark


after hearing that her lover, ham let has killed her father.


There is debate as to whether Ophelia is alive or dead in this


moment. My feeling is it is just that moment that the life has left


her. Some like to believe she is alive, some like to believe she is


just dead. There was a brother hood of


painters and together they wanted to return to a more natural form of


painting. One of the most interesting things


about the pre- rafallites is that they had this move towards nature


and painted outdoors. In the play, of course, Ophelia dies in Denmark,


but the setting for the painting is English.


I'm standing by the Hobbss Mill River in Surrey, where Miele spent


time spenting with his friend. Art experts believe that Mielle


painted the background to the painting here the Hobbs River, but


we decided to find out the exact location that Mielle had chosen.


This is the copy of the book that Milleas had written. Letters in the


book reveal the distance between the lodgings of the painter and the


riverbank where he was working on the painting. This provided


evidence to help Barbara narrow down her search.


What this told me was that Milleas could not have chosen his spot in


This area as it was too far' way. Then Barbara unearthed another


piece of the jigsaw. In the Surrey record office there


was a scrap book written by Chatwin Stapleton, who was the vicar here


at the time that the painters were here.


What did the vicar report? Now, the vicar reported that the willow in


the painting was the willow 100 yards above the bridge over the


Hobbs Mill leading to Surbiton, and that was the back ground of the


painting. So, Barbara had proved the experts


wrong. The exact spot where Mealle had worked was close to the river


of Old Surbiton. How did you feel when you made this


dits covery? Well, very surprised and really delighted that it


towelally had some conclusion to it. The painter spent 11 hours a day,


six days a week here in all weathers, but happily his model was


spared the river. Instead, Lizzie Siddell was allowed


to pose in a bath of water in his London studio.


The painter had this vision, he wanted to paint her properly


floating in water so he could see the effects of what the water did


to her hair and clothing. I think that she had the painting


equivalent of photo genia, he knew that she would look wonderful in


the water. She became ill as a result of


posing for him. Milleas was one of the most


captivating painters but what of poor Lizzie? She died, but lives on


as art lovers everywhere as the tragic Ophelia.


I genuinely love that painting, which I had as a poster on my wall


as a student. Why didn't you have a normal poster


as a student like Bob Marley. --? You are saying I'm not normal?


Maybe eccentric. This area gets a whaping 1.5


million visitor as year from all over the country, but this has not


been such a tourism hot spot, in fact it would not be if it were not


for the work of one wonderful woman. Gloria hundred ford?


Queen Victoria. She bought Balmoral.


I would imagine that the burgeoning and growing railway network of the


era meant that more people had the opportunity to mimic the Monarch?


Indeed, it became fashionable of going north of the border. We have


an interesting way of doing fashion on show show. We have Dan Snow and


Michael Douglas, he is a hair drers, but he deals with the hair. --


dresser. Virn England, a prosperous, hard-


working country it is often thought of as a peaceful period. The


Victorian era is referred of as being a packed Britannica, people


say that there were no major wars fought in it, but there was loads


of fighting. The Crimean War pitted Russia against Britain, France and


Turkey it was fought mainly in the modern-day Ukraine as the great


powers justled for influence in the Asia minor and the Balkans. It was


the military that led from the front. Pine years of a fashion for


male grooming in the form of fantastic extravagant moustaches,


obligatory for men. This is Bill, I have to create a


wonderful moustache on him. What is wonderful face to do it on, look at


that I can't wait. Bill, you have a book with images in it, tell us


what they are about? This is my great, great granddad, William and


his son. Who is this? That is a cousin.


I think we should go author that, that is rather nice.


That's a sporty moustache. Take a look... Oh, I say! Do you


like that? That is rather dashing that, ain't it? It suits you! I met


up with rosemary Mitchell, the director of a centre for Victorian


studies in Leeds. Why do people have beards in the army? They are


sort of man of action beards. Having lived out in the Empire, not


having time for shaving. The beard has this expression of strength.


Think of sampleson and deLila. The fashion for facial hair spread


out. Sometimes the beards are linked to


the Crimean War and a more positive assessment of the army and


supporting this is the new imperial idea of manhood. Beards expressed


the man who goes out there to explore the baundaries of the New


World. This is a about expressing po tensey, maturity and adventure


as well. For women, the influence was not the battlefield. The hair


style reflected their role. Maternal home makers.


So, flirtairbsness was out and prudishness was in.


Those Victorian values, moral rek tued and hard work were closely


linked to the growth of industry and the rejection of regency row


monthcism. The early Victorians were defieng


themselves against what they saw as degenerate era. So aiming to be


It is about projecting an image which says trust me with your money


for top facial hair had become symbolic with trustworthiness ant


standing. People like Charles Dickens and Charles Darwin followed


the trend which now included elaborate sideburns known as mutton


chops. The Prince Albert is largely some big sideburns, or mutton chops


or lamb chops, and we also keep a bit of a moustache as well. It


Here he is, transformed into a van -- a Victorian gent. Mutton chops.


They would suit you. They might make my it an almost chin that even


bigger! -- enormous chin. The legacy of the Victorians is still


with us to this day, not just the physical fabric of what they left


behind, but also the birth of things like social responsibility,


the beginnings of those struggles for a quality and rights that still


improve our lives to this day. I think you would look really good


with one of these Victorian bonnets. Really? The look I am going for is


a future Edwardian. Interesting. It is almost working. Four of the five


tallest peaks in Britain by in the Cairngorms, the tallest being Benn


looked eerie at 1309 metres. It has a ghost. By the big grey man who is


a bit like a yeti, but a man and a ghost. Maybe if we stand here long


enough we will meet him. Every possibility. The only better view


you could get than this one is of course if we were birds of prey, if


you were an eagle. I am glad you said that because there is a


falconer in Devon who thinks the Throughout history man has dreamt


of flying and our fascination stemmed from birds. There... It is


normally what I am looking for. But today I have come to Devon to meet


a man who can't keep his feet on the ground. He has taken his


passion for gliding one step further and he has learnt how to


soar with the birds. Jonathan Marshall is more than just an


adrenalin junkie. With his squadron of birds, he has used every trick


in the book to try to soar like Lynne Neagle. This is your


beautiful collection. He is a professional falconer and has


trained many birds of prey, but there is one bird in particular he


has formed a very special bond with. Who is this? This is Samson. He is


giving me the RI! He is a golden eagle. What a handsome bird he is.


How heavy is he? A very heavy. He is about 10 lbs at the moment. He


could get heavier than that in the winter. How did you become


acquainted with Samson? He was originally stolen from a zoo and


kept in a wardrobe for four months. Somebody found dumped about it and


the house was raided and they found the Eagle. He was brought down to


me for rehabilitation. I also had to befriend him, which a lot of


people think sounds corny, but you can't train a bird unless it trusts


you. I had to sit with him night after night and we used to watch


the telly, we watched the X Factor, the One Show. Eventually I got his


trust and he is now in great condition. What does it feel like


to fly with a golden eagle? You can't put it into words. You can't,


but it is like having the most amazing secret that you can't tell


anybody about because they will never understand it. When we fly


together, it is just me and Sampson in his world. I don't have a mobile


phone or any bills of people pestering. It is quiet and you are


sharing the air with the most beautiful bird in the world.


Sampson teaches me a lot about flying because he is born with a


knowledge of the air and thermals and how to use them. I follow him


and you can guarantee sooner or later he will find they left. Most


hang-glider pilots used electronic instruments. I used a golden eagle.


That is cool. Now it is my turn to see him in action. Time for his


That wasn't as we planned! thought -- I said he was raring to


go. We were supposed to have a little chat. Look at him go. If you


watch, he is hardly flapping. The crows are flapping like mad and he


is not beating the wing, he is just gliding. Obviously golden eagles


spend an enormous amount of time in the wild soaring around. They can't


afford to expend energy flapping. Those big wings hold him up without


any effort. Golden eagles were once persecuted almost to the brink of


extinction. But today, there are over 500 wild breeding pairs found


mainly in the Scottish Highlands. With a wingspan of well over two


metres, golden eagles can plummet down on to pray at speeds of up to


50 mph. They are incredibly sharp - their sharp eyesight can see a


rabbit from over a mile away so for Samson spotting a piece of meat in


my hand is a piece of cake. Here he comes. Cricket as tight as you can.


It is incredible. Can you feel the strength? Amazing. Like a


pterodactyl descending. He will take my hand off! I will have to


count all of my fingers later, but being so close to such a majestic


bird and seeing the bond Jonathan and Sampson share has been a truly


Well, there are not many people who can say they have flown with a


golden eagle. It is while doubt here, we are 250 yards at least


from the nearest cafe. -- it is wild. But people have made their


homes here for decades. It is a bit longer than that. One was 6,000


years ago. How do you find the stuff out? You have to look for the


evidence, it is everywhere. Only a few people can spot these clues.


The history of our land. It is a real skill. Thank goodness


Angellica Bell is one of them. Hadrian's Wall in Northumbria, the


boundary of the great Roman Empire which stretched all the way from


here to Syria. It divided the wild tribes of the north from the


citizens of Roman Britain. 90 miles to the south, a surprising new


piece of evidence has emerged about the identity of people living here


under Roman rule. Today York is better known for its Viking


heritage, -- Viking heritage, but it was founded by the heritage --


Romans in 71 A D. It quickly turned into a thriving town. Parts of


there 30 that Roman wall that surrounded the town still stand.


But it is underground that the most exciting discoveries about the


Romans in Britain have been made. This lady is a Roman specialist.


She has been re-examining remains from York dug up in the early 1900s


and has made a surprising new discovery. What have you got to


show us? And interesting find from the Roman York. It is the skull of


a young woman who lived in the fourth century. If we look at her


facial features, the width between her eyes and the shape of the nose


indicate black and so street and then the shape of the nasal spine


and the lower face indicate white ancestry. That suggests she was of


mixed race. Do you think she travelled hit or she was born in


this country? We asked the same question and we looked at her teeth.


Through the water you drink and the food you eat, certain elements are


deposited and this chemical fingerprinting technique tells us


she is almost certainly not from York, she has come from somewhere


slightly warmer, perhaps the Mediterranean. We assume this woman


was a slave. For the Association of Africans and slavery is modern. In


the Roman world, slaves came from other parts of the Empire, and also


has -- skeleton shows us she was living a good life. Her grave goods,


which were found in a stone coffin, tell us she was of very high status.


We have this very beautiful necklace made of blue glass. Also,


some bracelets. This is made of jet, which comes from nearby Whitby. It


shows she was shopping for jewellery in York and one of


elephant ivory. An African connection. Because of that, we


have nicknamed her the ivory bangles lady. What these goods are


saying is she was wealthy. We know the ivory bangles lady was 5 ft 1,


about average for the time. And that she died in her early twenties.


And now, thanks to facial reconstruction, we can reveal for


the first time what she might have looked like. So what was life like


for the ivory bangles lady in the fourth century? Surprisingly, she


was not the only foreign immigrant living in Roman York. The Roman


Empire was similar to the modern EU, with a free flow of people across


Europe. Much like today, Roman York and other British cities were


highly cosmopolitan and multicultural. This street was the


main Roman road in York, and it is amazing to think that even 1,700


years ago, there was a real mix of people. Either might have been a


long way from Rome, but it was not a sleepy suburb. It had great trade


networks and a large population. The ivory bangles lady would have


enjoyed all the trappings of Roman life, such as shopping in the busy


market forum and the favourite pastime of all Roman citizens. This


bath house dates back to the fourth century and was part of a military


fortress. Women would not have been allowed to be a thick, it would


have been full of sweaty soldiers. One of whom might have been the


ivory bangles Lady's husband. As the military hub for Britain's


defence, this was one of the most important towns of the Roman Empire.


It was so important, emperors came here. One of the most famous


imperial visits was in 306 when this chap, Constantine the Great,


was proclaimed Emperor right here in York. It is amazing to think the


ivory bangles lady was living here around the time this great emperor


A mixed-race woman living in York in the fourth century, I just


wasn't expecting that. But the biggest eye-opener for me is


discovering just how much people moved around during the Roman times


and just how multicultural it really was.


That is what the Romans did for us. Along with everything else. It has


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