Episode 6 The One Show - Best of Britain

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Hello and welcome to the one show. The Best of Britain. Another chance


for you to see some of our We're in the Lake District,


alongside Wastwater, a lake that is three miles long, half a mile wide


and 76 metres deep. The deepest in England. These mountains were made


of volcanic rock, formed in huge eruptions 500 million years ago.


There are lots of different types of rock here, which makes it an


ideal place for mining and there is evidence it has been going on since


the 12th century. Dan Snow has been in a mine that is even older. Much


older. Great Orme head in clad dud know. Here is the largest Bronze


Age copper mine in the world. 20 years ago if you had come here you


would have seen a hillside covered in grass. The Victorians used to


mine here and covered the area with spoil. Then archaeologists were


exploring the Victorian mines and came across a network of Bronze Age


tunnels. And I'm about to explore. Nick was part of team who first


excavated the mine in 1987. He is going to give me a tour. Get the


light on here! Pretty narrow. find some narrow passages here.


This is a good place to look at what they were mining. If you look


at the wall, this is copper ore. It followed this vain and hammered


away. It is like a gold rush, like finding gold today. Nick is taking


me into an area where the public aren't allowed. Over three miles of


tunnel have been discovered. Nick believes there are many more. It is


an amazing feat of engineering, considering the tools they had.


thin is these are where they were left. This is one of about 2,000


stone hammers that we found. They are beach stones. They found the


stones that were of harder rock types to the limestone and used


them to hammer away at the rock. This is a rib bone from a cow.


Around 35,000 of these have been found. The end is nicely rounded


and worn. That tell us these have been used as tools. A great place


to stop. If we look up, there are markings we can see. These are bone


tool marks. Somebody has sat here chipping away at the rock. It looks


so blunt. It is a bit awkward. nice spot for lunch. Have you


brought your sandwiches? Yes. Thanks for the warning on the


Tupperware box. That is mine. These are narrow. I'm one of the first


people to crawl through this tunnel in over 3,000 years. I think I'm


going the make it. That is one of the scariest things I have done.


is incredible, to think people worked in these conditions. If you


think that tunnel was narrow. Look at the one here. We haven't


excavated that tunnel. It is about 20 centimetres wide. It is tiny.


Yes, we don't know about the people who worked here, when we look at


something like that, it gives us an idea that it would have been young


children working down here. You only have to go back 160 years and


five and six-year-old children were working in mines. And this is what


it is about, copper ore, they have got plenty of it out the mine. But


the trick is turning it into bronze. Eric demonstrates how 3,000 years


ago this was turned into bronze. The copper is mixed with tin and


heated to 1,100 degrees centigrade. When the metals melt, they are


poured into an arrowhead mould. you have got to finish shaping it,


sharpening it. I have learned how to get this ore out of mine and


turn it into bronze. That is a revolution for thus Hoffe -- for


thousand of years people has been using stones and then this came and


nothing was ever the same again. I'm not sure I would like to be in


those deep tunnels. I did some potholing once, horrible, narrow


places. Claustrophobic. I prefer to be here. With Wastwater, all that


walking, it is a tremendous place. There are loads of paths, but you


require a lot of stamina and it should be left to the experienced


hiker. But you come across unexpected thins. Yes like this


church here. St Olaf's Church was built by the Vikings, the original


inhabitants of Wast -- Wast dale. St Olaf converted to Christianty in


England. Its surrounded by trees and another Viking fashion, the


stone wall. The church is believed to be the smallest in England. The


stained glass window at the back shows a memorial to the members of


the rock climbing club who lost their lives in world 1-1. The main


beam is from a Viking long boat. That is surprising, but as


surprising as coming across the One Show special hair dresser, Michael


Douglas. Today I'm filming on my own doorstep in Hertfordshire. I


like to think I know this area well. Of course they say I'm a local now.


But what I never knew about St Albans, it is the UK led quarters


or naturists. I can't wait. How long have you been here? I'm 82 now.


I was here in the early 60s. I built a bungalow here. People come


still wearing clothes, are you annoyed? Yes it irritates me.


Thoughts it might. -- I thought it might. This is David. What lovely


long hair he has got. Are you ready? Oh yes. There we do. --


there we go. Why did you get into this? I'm not quite sure. If it is


cold, people just keep their clothes on. We get, we stay warm.


It is nice to swim and sun bathe. But the rest of the time people are


dressed. The first time you go swimming with nothing on you will


be converted. And we would be your local club. We have 30 houses where


people live and another 30 where people stay for the summer. The big


rool you must follow is to put a towel on a seat before you sit down.


Careful where you look, don't stare. Make eye contact at all times?


take a look. Quite different isn't it? Yes. Thank you very much.


a pleasure. Turn around Rett's have a look. -- let's have a little look.


You could do with a trim. I think it looks fine. It needs a tweak.


I'm not sure. They all say that. Yvonne, we're going to chop her


hair. Have you ever had your hair cut naked? No. Why have you come?


To go swimming naked. I feel weird wearing clothes. Is that your


husband? Yes. How long has he done its for. He has been naked since


the day he was born. He has never gots over its. He just loves it. I


think we're done. Take a look. wow. That is nice. A pleasure.


Hello Sir. How are you doing? I believe somebody said you need a


beard trim? Blimey you do need a beard trim! This is Beverley,


lovely long hair. You were born here My grandfather started the


club. When was that? In the 30s. What was it like here as a child.


It was fabulous. We have the run of the place. Our back garden was this


whole club. Did you reach an age where you felt you didn't want to


the that? Not nay didn't want to do it. I was the oldest of children


here. One summer I was a girl and the next summer I wasn't quite a


girl and that was an uncomfortable transition, because the younger


kids noticed. But after I told them to shut up, they got on with it.


think we're finished. It is looking nice. Take a look. That is lovely.


It is days like today that I love what I do. I pleat new people,


experience their way of life and make some new friends and and then


take up a hobby as a result. I have got to give it a go! I could do


with a hair cut. Will you stop fussing about your hair. It is


quiet here. You can let your hair down. Beyond the lake are the


mountains. There noise better way to take in the views of -- there is


no better way to take in the views. William Wordsworth described Wast


water as long, stern and desolate. And it remains peaceful. Can wander


for miles without passing a soul. You might pass the next buddie


Wordsworth, or an ambitious hiker. The next -- it is an established


place for mountain ears. But mostly it is just an incredibly beautiful


It is very peaceful. This is part of a quiet Labours policy. You're


not allowed to have a sailing boat on this lake. Let alone a power


boat. So beautiful. During the war, children were evacuated here,


because it was peaceful, to get them from the blitz. The only way


families could keep kablgt was by letters. It was not only kids.


Fishermen from Denmark, some of the Danish fleets came and spent the


war fishing off Whitehaven. Amazing. Now I was honoured to meet an


evacuee in what she called her second home. Have a look. 19 39,


war was to be declared. Britain braced itself for air raids and the


Government decided to evacuate children aged four to 14 from


cities most at risk. Code named operation Pied Piper, the


evacuation was traumatic. Parents sobbed as 1.5 million children were


evacuated. Two thirds of the children from evacuation areas such


as London, mafplts and Liverpool, joined the -- Manchester and


Liverpool joined in. Carrying only a suits case and gas mask, they


were transported far away. Many have memories of being separated


from loved ones and being mistreated. But for others it was a


great adventure and some found a different life from the one they


had left behind. Dorothy Young is retracing the steps she took 70


years, ago a journey that changed her life forever. Aged just four,


she and her sister were brought to Camrose in Wales and billeted with


total strangers. I still get butterflies when I come here. It is


like coming home. The The farm is still in the family and run by the


Toms's daughter in law and grand daughter. Dorothy's a regular


It's beautiful here, but what is it like, really, having Dorothy come


every year?! She is like one of the family to us. She really is.


Always welcome. The farmhouse has kept its


frustrational feel. Dorothy still sleeps in the same room that she


slept in as an evacuee. This is the exact room you stayed


in? Yes, I would sleep here and June would sleep here.


Did you miss your mum? I did miss her, but when Mrs Thomas tucked us


up, I thought she was like mum again.


Far from the terror of air raids, Dorothy spent five long years with


her foster parents and grew to love her life in rural Wales.


Mr Thomas would sit on the garden step there and he would make a


flute out of a cane and cut it, so you could go... Mrs Thomas was


baking. I would be mixing the butter.


So you did things with them that a child would do with their parent?


Yes. Was it hard for your mother? Did


you have much contact with her? really. Only when she came down


from the school holidays. Would you say that your real


relationship with your parents deteriorated? Yes.


You have lost the bond. By the end of the war, Dorothy


faced the pros pent of returning to her real family, a mother and


father she barely knew. 7 What was it like when you had to leave?


Horrible. We had to go to the station. Mum came for us. We were


all crying. Mrs Thomas said could Dorothy stay down here, could we


adopt her, but mum said "no". What dour remember that day? Crying.


Never stopped crying for ages. I wanted to come here.


Dorothy returned to urban life, only to find her parent's


relationship in ruins. When her mother and father split up, she was


put in a children's home, but never forgot the Thomas's back in Wales.


You should always remember the people that loved you. I wish they


had been my parents. They were a lovely couple. Very caring people,


but it was not to be. Operation Pied Piper was the


biggest mass movement of people in British history it left deep


psychological scars. The war had broken family bonds that were hard


to restore, for many evacuees, things would never be the same.


That's the One Show, though, isn't it, these extraordinary stories?


Yes it was very emotional for me, but it was wonderful to see how the


memories that they have have kept the bond so close.


Memories is what my children have from the Lake District. We would


come here for family holidays. They loved all of the wildlife. Thereare


more sights of stpik interest in Cumbria than in any other county.


The Lake District National Park have more species of red squirrel.


Mike Dilger has been to the counterparty of Yorkshire to find


out of a great way for us to help to protect our fury little red


friends. There are two types of squirrels in


the UK, the reds and the greys. I'm sure that many of you are aware of


the devastating decline of the reds, they are now outnumbered 18 to 1 by


their grey cousins. When it comes to protecting the remaining red


squirrels, you might think it would be easy to tell the two apart, but


ofttown is harder than you think. The north of England has been a red


squirrel stronghold N 2005, 17 special sights were designated to


protect and improve their habitat. I'm in the Yorkshire Dales National


Park, to track down an endangered population that is not supposed to


be here. Ian is the wildlife conservation


officer. Ian, we are surrounded by the most


beautiful scenery, but it is not difficult to forget that all of


these were planted not long ago? Yes, they are stacked full of pine


cones that provide the food source for the squirrels.


But 99.9% of the Yorkshire Dales National Park is privatelyly owned.


Spot be viable populations of red squirrels is difficult, but Ian has


a trick up his sleeve. I had to admit, when you said you had


special equipment for monitoring red squirrels, I did not expect


this? This is it. A simple piece of equipment. We strap it like this


with the food in the middle. The squirrels are inquisitive, there is


a sticky pad, it helps to identify the species of squirrel that is


visiting the sight when we look at the tape with the squirrel hair.


Both red and grey squirrels have a range of colours in their coats. A


single hair taken in isolation can be misleading, so for the first


time in my life I'm off to visit a professional hair splitter.


Looking at the hair, in the grey squirrel it is woven, but if you


look at red, you don't see that, there are a multiple of height


lights. It looks like there is a groove down the centre of each hair,


that is so different? With a red squirrel hair it is not in the


colour, it is in the groove. With proof that red squirrels were in


Yorkshire, Ian's team have tried to teach what the London owners can do


to help. My wife is a dedicated birdwatcher.


When we got to the age of 60, we decided to convert the woods purely


for bird life only. We were encouraged to bring back black


gulls, they never appeared, but the food requirement of them and the


red squirrels was identical, so we scored.


And I can see one feeding on the feeder now. You can never get tired


of watching that, can you? Not at all.


With the help of Ian and his team of trap frers the National Park,


they have managed to have this piece of land designated as a red


squirrel preserve. It is amazing to think because of a


piece of plastic tubing, sticky tape, this project has been a


success. As a result one of Britain's most loved and iconic


animals can call this part of Yorkshire well and truly home.


Those squirrels were so cute, but you must be warned, they can be


vicious! I will not let them have a go at our picnic.


I love the spread. It is a typical Lake District


picnic, how do you know that we know that? Because it is raining!


Also, this is very Cumbrian. All of this baking that is going on. What


we have here is we have a speciality from the Lake District,


do you know what that is? Tell me. That is Kendal mint cake. If you


are a mountaineer, you cannot go up mountains without it. Let me try it.


That is good. John, do you know what I really,


really fancy? An ice-cream. I'm talking cones, chocolate sauce,


100s and thousandss and 99s! Cheshire town famous for Rolls-


Royces and Bentleys, but also for a different form of transport. They


are always getting me to drive things on the One Show, but this is


special, really special. Forget trains, buses this is every child's


dream, but I'm missing something, hold on... Welcome to Crewe! The


ice-cream van capital of the world! From the Ukraine to the United


States, these vans can be seen and heard. The tingling music, the


excitement of the children, the ice-cream van is the universal Pied


Piper and yes the Whitby family of Crewe to thank.


-- and we have the Whitby family of Crewe to thank.


Granddad built his first family of ice-cream vans in 1955. Now three


generations of this family run the firm.


I have the ambition to produce the Rolls-Royce of ice-cream vans.


I didn't even think that Stuart would join me, let alone me


grandson. Now we have three generations, it is far beyond my


expectation. It must be difficult, though,


sometimes, to work within the family? It is give and take, like


in any situation. Ultimately, obviously with dad, he is the MD.


Does he listen to you when it comes to working out your salary?


Perhaps this is something to be discussed! Ice-cream vans started


to appear at the beginning of the 20th century. By the late 1950s,


there was a surge in the popularity. The trouble with the old ice-cream


vans, the equipment was backed up by a generator and engine on board.


It made them heavy and come better some. This company invented this.


It is a drive that connects the engine to the ice-cream machine in


the back of the van. Simple but efent -- effective.


It was a eureka moment? You have cheaper vehicles and more able to


go around the streets and things like that.


Why didn't anyone else think of this? I don't know it was too


simple, I think! This invention had a dramatic effect on the business.


The new vans became the industry standard. Now00 of them are


produced here each year. The key selling point for suss that


what we Cyprus truly bespoke if you were orderen aring a van from us


today, it would be a van for you. The company offers lots of styles


for its worldwide customers, in Africa, South Africa, Hong Kong and


the United States, but surprisingly, in Italy it was a hard sell.


Italy is a surprise, really. Everybody think it is is the home


of the Cornetto, but mobile ice- cream vans are in limited numbers


there. They don't seem to grasp the concept of taking the ice-cream to


the people. From modest beginnings to lovely


old ones, ice-cream vans as far as the eye can see. My favourite, the


Batman Special! Experts note that both Batman and robin have... 99S!


But who gets the most fun to be Pied Piper? Well, need you ask?


Right, well, do you want an ice- cream? Yes, please.


Aisle agive you one, here we go. Oops, there we are. -- I'll give


you an ice-cream, here we go. Oops, there we go.


Pizza? You want a pizza, you can't have that! I've never been so


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