Episode 8 The One Show - Best of Britain

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Hello and welcome to the One Show. The Best of Britain. With Angellica


Bell and Phil Tufnell. With another chance to see some of our favourite


We are at Blenheim Palace in Oxfordshire, one of the largest


houses in Britain and birthplace of one of the greatest leaders the


country has ever seen, Sir Winston Churchill. Blenheim Palace was


completed in 1733. It was a gift for Queen and John Churchill,


following the famous victories during the wars Spanish succession.


Sir Winston Churchill was a descendant and did not come along


until much later. He was born in this room but it was slightly


unexpected. His parents were only staying as gifts of the family when


little Winston took everyone by surprise and a right two weeks


early. Churchill grew up to be a man both respected and feared so it


might surprise you to clear he was involved in a fairy-tale romance


that unfolded under this very roof. It jewel of the Cotteswold. The


magnificent of Blenheim Palace is matched only by its 2100 acres of


sweeping parkland and romantic gardens -- the jaw of the Cotswolds.


100 years ago, a young man shows these gardens as the location to


pop the question to his sweetheart, Clementine Hozier. Her fiance was


none other than Winston Churchill. In summer 1904, a 29-year-old


Winston had been smitten by the beautiful 19-year-old Clementine


when he spotted her at a society ball but it would be another four


years before he finally asked for her hand, in 19 a weight. On a


rainy August afternoon, they tipped Clementine accepted his proposal.


Over the next few days, the couple exchanged love letters. This


remarkable correspondence would span nearly 60 years. Today, the


thousands of letters, telegrams and no space sent each other are kept


at the Churchill Archives Centre. They have lent a selection to the


Blenheim Palace's archivist. This is the very first letter to


Clementine. I will read a bit: What a pressure it was to meet a girl


with their much intellectual quality and such strong reserves


and noble sentiment. I hope we shall meet again and come to know


each other better. From such formal beginnings, how does the


relationship developed in the letters? From the first letter,


when he signs himself "your sincerely, Winston Churchill",


within four months, he moves to Darling and dearest, and signing


himself eventually wins done. September they were married.


Winston. After the honeymoon, Winston plunged himself into


politics. Sometimes in the letters, you see he's huge confidence, one


of his feet is the leadership, for example: He writes at the beginning


of the first order war and he says "everything tends towards


catastrophe and collapse. I am interested, geared up and happy. Is


it not horrible to be built like that?". His questioning his


appetite about the war. Conversely, we have one from Clementine, where


you see their playfulness. They had pet names. He caught her Kitten and


she caught him Peak and when she is writing, she adds little


illustrations. The nature of the tale is her excitement, her thrill


at been in touch with him. Surely he would have been mortified if


this had fallen into public hands! It is interesting, he stored them


and they are in the archives for everyone to see. Churchill was


appointed First Lord of the at malty and within a year, he had


moved to Number Ten. -- First Lord of the Admiralty. How does


Clementine react when he becomes Prime Minister? There are occasions


when she speaks to him very firmly. "I hope you will forgive me if I


tell you something I feel you should know". This is June, 1914.


"one of the men in your entourage has been to me and told me there is


a danger of you being generally disliked by your colleagues because


of your wrath and sarcastic and overbearing manner". A direct


criticism of him there. It speaks volumes the fact that one of the


men in her entourage, they have been to her, there is almost


telling of tales. Yes and that is a measure. This person, out of


concern for Churchill, maybe for the country, has come up to warn


Lady Churchill about what is happening. The correspondence


continued into their old age and only stopped with Winston's death,


at 90, in 1965. We all know Churchill the great operator, the


wartime leader, the iconic statesman, but his letters to his


wife let us see a completely different side. The family man,


full of tenderness, warmth and love, and unquestioning devotion to his


What a beautiful story! Just goes to show that love can sweep you off


your feet. Angellica, did you know Blenheim Palace is not of the


birthplace of Winston Churchill, it is also a playground for ghosts?


didn't know that. This house is supposed to be haunted. Dean


Griffiths was the chaplain of the first Duke of the palace. The wife


of the 9th Duke wrote in her memoirs about being woken up by a


ghastly man standing over the edge of the bed. It is supposed to be


the ghost of Griffiths. I don't like ghost stories. Another Dutch


is used to walk around the palace that night slamming doors. BANGING.


This is not funny. It reminds me of the time the One Show has sent me


ghost hunting one Hallowe'en. If I have been persuaded to spend


the night in one of Britain's strangest, spookiest and scariest


place for that. Woodchester Manor in deepest Gloucestershire has a


long history of strange and unexplained events. We want to see


how spending time in this place affects me and give the ghosts are


all in my head. Woodchester Manor could be from


central casting for a horror movie. Abandoned in the 1870s because its


owner could not afford to complete it, it has remained in this estate


It is the perfect setting for our experiment. To find out whether the


fear of ghosts is out there or all in the mind. After all, why should


I be afraid of something I have never had any experience of or even


senior? I have always grown up believing there are forces, good


verses evil, but coming here knowing I was filming, I was


nervous, I will be honest. The thought that I am going to be in


this mansion when it will be really dark makes me feel quite vulnerable.


I can't believe I am actually saying that because I like to think


Woodchester Manor stands on the foundations of a much older


building, spring Park, which the owner did wallop -- demolished to


make way for the new house. Dr Peter Forster is senior lecturer of


psychology at the University of Gloucestershire. How do places like


this bring about fear if you don't know that ghosts exist? If that is


an interesting question. If you don't know, if you don't believe in


ghosts, it is probably not going to evoke much fear that if you believe


in ghosts, then you will feel really quite afraid because this


plays have the reputation of being haunted, there are people who take


that very, very seriously and believe there are ghostly presences


here. Some people's beliefs about ghosts are not benign. They could


harm us. That can evoke real genuine fear. If I am not sure if I


believe in ghosts but I am coming to a place, like you said, where


people have felt a presence, so it is never in what those people think


going to make me scared? -- so is knowing what they think? If you


take them seriously, yes. Do you believe in ghosts? Probably not.


Even Dr Vorster cannot be certain that there is nothing here that I


should be scared of. The Gloucestershire paranormal research


group has been visiting the mansion for the last four years and some of


the events they have sailed raised more questions than answers. --


they have filmed. What are you doing? We have put up some


recording equipment on the Archway. And some cameras? Yes. We caught a


strange light in this part before. What do you mean, a strange light


anomaly? Well... It was on a camera. It looks like the outline of a


hooded figure that walks across that doorway. We tried to recreate


it. We thought it was a straight torchlight coming into the windows.


But we could not get anywhere near it. So you saw a hooded figure?


What looks like a hooded figure. Absolutely. I am not sure who to


believe. Dr Forster and assignments or experiences recorded by Dave and


Chris and most of all, I don't know how I am going to feel being here,


alone at night. It is 6:30pm. The sun is setting


and it is getting quite dark. It is getting a bit chilly. The eeriness


of the mansion is becoming more apparent. Also there are bats


flying around. There is something about them that makes me think of


ghosts, a -- of vampires and spooky things. Not good?


Are we ready? Before a change my mind?


We are going to attempt to draw out any paranormal activity at what


Chris calls hot spots, areas of the house where he has recorded


mysterious events. Sorry, it is the bats.


I had something in there? Are you OK? -- I heard something in there!


It was rustling. It could be mice. I feel like I am going crazy! I


think something is here with the me. It has rarely unsettled me but I am


determined that some rustling is not going to stop me.


There is only one thing for it. I am going to have to go up into the


attic, known for strange things getting on, alone, without the


camera crew. Dan there is pitch black. -- Dalol


there is pitch black and it is pitch black down there. And really,


I don't want to go any further... I am a little bit scared of ghosts.


Right, I am up here and I am bricking it! Have I gone the right


way? I have gone a long wait... Great... I have gone down that long


corridor! I think they are down Oh my God! I went down the wrong


corridor! I did it!! APPLAUSE. That was so scary!


This is better! Blenheim's gardens are open to the public and are


absolutely magnificent. What gave you! There are over 2000 acres of


landscaped parkland, including lawns, gardens and a lake, all


described as being one of England's greatest gardens. Christine Walkden


tip to the skies to marvel at another of his grand designs.


At Croom Court in Worcestershire, you can see one of the most


influential gardens in Britain. It was here in the mid- 18th century


that the traditional formal garden was transformed into a flowing


landscape that imitated nature on a grand scale.


In these gardens, you would be putting in some roses and a pond.


At Croom Court, it meant building an artificial lake and even Hills,


and this great landscape revolution was down to one man: Capability


Brown. Born in 1716, lots are not Capability Brown started his career


as a simple gardener's boy and became Britain's most famous


landscape architect. His radical approach was pioneered here, at


Croom Court, where the old geometric garden was ripped up in


favour of grassy meadows, leading right up to the front door. Clumps


of trees were cunningly positioned to tease the eye, hearth revealing


classical scholars. This lady has been researching the garden at


Croom Court for 25 years. What do you enjoy so much? What did


you enjoy working here? Look at it. The only things allowed in the line


of sight were these idyllic buildings arranged in exactly the


right position. To get those perfect sightlines, Capability


Brown had a medieval church knocked down. Be built a new one because we


are standing in it. The trees hid unsightly farmland beyond. But


after World War II, much of the landscape was nearly lost when the


gardens were ploughed over for agriculture. In fact, in 1996,


there was a rape -- a rapeseed field here. Ten years ago I found


aboard with what looked like a map on it and this match was very


important because it shows Brown's planting and it is the map the


National Trust are using today to reinstate the park because it even


tallies with a GPS survey today. Phenomenal! This so the surveying


techniques in 1796 were amazing! The best way to see how he changed


the groom court landscape is higher up in The One Show balloon. With me,


is Michael Smith, the estate manager. It is the first time I


have ever seen it from the air, and we can get an appreciation of the


scale of the landscape work here. We can see it as he imagined it.


Yes, yet they could never have imagined seeing it from here.


love Capability Brown's greatest achievements was to turn this boggy


land into a long meandering plot of land in the shape of the serpent.


Look how the island forms the RI of the serpent's head. What is the


story of the serpent? They planted some trees to create a micro-


climate for Lebanese Cedars and we put them exactly where Capability


Brown had them in the 18th century. They obviously worked. From up here,


you can see how the 700 acre landscape contrast strongly with


the fields beyond. It is the enormity of the estate. Where are


the boundaries? There are boundaries of the design landscape


is the dark brown that circles this valley. They tease mind-boggling to


think just how many people must have been involved in shaping and


maintaining this giant garden. have one built in the archives


which describes 67 people employed just to take care of the lawn as a.


Any idea how much that cost? today's money, about �40 million.


It is thanks to this financial investment there 250 years later we


are still able to marvel at this extraordinary landscape today.


would Capability Brown had given to be up here in this balloon?!


The years before Capability Brown got his hands on the garden of


learn them and before the palace was even build, this used to be a


deer park and was known as the Manor of Woodstock locally. There


were about 1000 deer back then. When Thomas Jefferson visited in


1786, he recorded over 2000 fallow deer roaming in the expansive


parkland, but 100 years on a smaller species has now become a


shy but familiar sight throughout the fields and woods. This animal


has travelled a long way. These words in the heart of bed --


Bedfordshire... An ancient beast lives here. In the 19th century,


John Reeves, A T inspector and a keen naturalist, visited China and


brought back some specimens of their native deer as a gift for the


Duke of Bedford. They are called muntjac deer and to his estimated


that there are about 40,000 of them in southern Britain. They are the


oldest species of deer in the world and so is estimated they originated


some 35 million years ago. This has made them incredibly resilient, and


despite being thousands of miles away from south-east Asia, in just


80 years they have adapted to life in the UK. Martin Webber is a


wildlife ranger with the Forestry Commission. He told me more about


why these deer are so successful. The females are almost permanently


pregnant. They have a seven-month breeding cycle and within 36 hours


of giving birth they are able to conceive again. And they are


spreading wider across the country, aren't they? It was worked out a


few years ago that the range can extend by about one kilometre or a


year. Martin is able to estimate both the population numbers and how


far the muntjac deer are spreading by looking out for tell-tale signs


in the wards. Given the large numbers, we should be able to spot


one of them. It was not long before we came across a sure sign of one.


This is a rum leading across here. Yes, they have worn down the


vegetation. Let's see what they have done on the other side. This


is Hazel. As you can see, it has tried to grow. This is new growth.


Yes, it has tried to grow but you can see the end have been ripped


off. We knew the deer were closed but after another two hours of


trekking, we still have -- hadn't seen this elusive animal so I


decided to try something else. At dawn the next day, I made my way to


I sat there perfectly still and Finally, my patience paid off. I


can't believe I have finally seen one, I have been waiting so long


and they have been so elusive. Finally, my first muntjac deer! So


there you have it, an encounter with an oriental beast right in the


middle of an English woodland. But there is a twist in the Taylor this


story. In their native countries of south-east Asia, muntjac deer are a


delicacy. Not only are they being hunted, their habitat is also being


destroyed so numbers are on the decline. By contrast, their


population in the UK is now one of the largest and most successful. So,


the muntjac deer here may find themselves one day back on a slow


boat to China to be the saviour of their species.


Luckily they no longer turn Diez heads into truth is here, they have


found a much grander way of adorning the walls. Inside the


palace you can get an idea of how people lived. Christopher Wren was


responsible for much of the into -- interior design. Around every


corner there is opulence and grandiose. These rooms are filled


with treasures collected over 300 years. There are amazing tapestries


to commemorate victories of the first Duke. There is even some Van


Dyke paintings. It is all very nice, but how one decorates one's house


is a very personal thing. As I discovered, the 70s inspired wall


hanging is soaring in popularity once again. In the late 1930s,


anyone aspiring to set themselves apart from their neighbours would


proudly displayed desirable object like these flying ducks in their


homes. By the time Coronation Street's Hilda Ogden hung a set of


marks on her Muriel, they were considered by some to be the height


of good taste. The history of decorative dogs goes back further


than you think. Ivory carvings found in a German cave are thought


to be the oldest figurines ever found, proving their popularity


goes back to the cavemen. So why do they have such timeless appeal? I


have come to meet Antiques Roadshow's 20th century expert


William Farmer. Tell me about who designed them? Lots of firms made


them, but these bears which ones are considered the classics. They


were designed by a man called Mr Watkin. And it was not just


restricted to docks, was it? pheasants, partridges, and even a


flamingo. You will always find, as a new generation comes up to stamp


its identity, they will look back and say it is awful, bad taste,


let's throw them out. They were thrown out. If these were put in a


living room with your lava lamp and shag-pile carpet, they suddenly


look very wrong. Their vivid colours and animated style has


earned them a firm place in popular culture, and they have been copied


and parodied by designers and advertisers alike. Guinness had


their flying toucans, even Wallace and Gromit have a set. They now


enjoy pride Of place on the walls of retro enthusiasts and can fetch


thousands at auction. Carolyn is one of Britain's most dedicated


collectors. How did the fascination start? It started with my love of


the 50s. These are on iconic symbol of the 50s. How many do you have?


We lost count at about 300 and they are not all here. Some casualties


are in a box downstairs with broken wings because they used to fall off


the wall all the time. There are so many different varieties, aren't


they? Yes, there are some very rare birds including the blue tits, and


the hummingbirds especially can't really rare. What do you think the


appeal of the flying ducks is today? May appeal to people for


different reasons. There are serious collectors, and then people


who just see them R's are fantastic kitsch icon, as I think they should


be, and then there are people who just love wildlife and think having


them on your wall brings the outdoors indoors. Whether you


consider these little flying ducks the height of bad taste or the


epitome of style, there is no denying their appeal has endured


longer than any other mass-market masterpiece. For that alone, they


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