16/07/2012 The One Show


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Hello and welcome to The One Show, with Matt Baker...


And Alex Jones. Tonight's guest is a former newsreader and one of the


UK's most highly-regarded journalists. From his famous


reports on the Ethiopian famine through to TV and radio shows such


as 999 and The Moral Maze, he's known for bringing an air of


gravitas to all his broadcasts. the last time I met him, my wife


got her engagement ring caught in his fishnet tights. It's Michael


You will have to explain yourself. It happens all the time. It is my


claim to fame! It was for Children In Need, it was The Rocky Horror


Show. Keep saying that, yes. But unfortunately, I had to do than


using the fishnet stockings as well, because it was immediately after


the 10 O'Clock News, and there was not time to change in between. It


was a great night in the newsroom that night. We really wanted to get


a clip, but they told us that the archive had been lost - is the tape


in your hands? No. National security. They have all been wiped.


But you have not read the news in a while. Not for eight or nine years,


I think. For old time's sake, will you do it for us? Take it away,


Michael! Good evening. Passion the One Show O'Clock News. The


headlines - Cheltenham pledges allegiance to Malawi. Wildlife


presenters gatecrash peaceful family holiday. And crazy scientist


goes on explosive rampaged. Brilliant. So lovely to have a


round of applause as well. Michael is here to speak about his new


series, about the greatest artefacts found by members of the


public. We thought we would set you a bit of a challenge at home, so we


are asking you, what is the best thing that you have ever found? It


does not have to be valuable, but it would help if you have a


photograph. Send us a picture of you with your find, and we will


share some of your treasures later on. Despite a ban on certain breeds


of dog, hospital admissions for serious dog bites in the UK have


more than doubled in the past decade. Potentially dangerous dogs


are still on our streets. Declan Lawn joined one team which is


responsible for tracking them down. A lot of dogs are dangerous, but


not all dangerous dogs are illegal. In the east London borough of


Newham, this animal welfare officer is joined by the police on an


operation to get certain animals off the street. Once you have


contained the dog, then you can enter the premises. I am going to


join the team today, as they attempt to crack down on dangerous


dogs here in the capital. In this case, the intelligence has come


from tip-offs from the police as well as from members of the public.


So, we're going to a place where it is alleged that there are pit bulls


on the premises. What can you expect typically? Sometimes the


person will be aggressive, sometimes the dog will be


aggressive, you really do not know what will happen. As we arrived at


the first address, she spotted the target of their visit. Hello, I am


from animal welfare - what kind of breed of dog is it? She is muzzled.


Under the dangerous dogs act, pit bull terriers are banned, and the


inspector suspects this one is illegal. We are going to seize him,


I'm a friend. I understand you're upset, but if she is not a pitbull,


then she will be returned to you on Thursday. If she is, then we will


discuss the various options available. You will not be able to


see her now. It is clearly a difficult situation for the owners,


because they feel that they are looking after their dogs, that the


dog is well behaved. But the fact of the matter is that this dog


could well be a pit bull. The dog is seized, to be taken to the


kennels for assessment. Back on the road, Tina spots something


suspicious. In the churchyard, there was a person with a pit bull.


It is something she cannot ignore. What breed of dog do you think you


have got? She is a mastiff. looks like she has got a bit of


Labrador in her. I am afraid I want to take her and have processed as a


pit bull-type dog. Union put her down? I did not say that. That is


one of the options, though, isn't it? It is one of the options, it


can be put to sleep, with your permission. The animal welfare


officer obviously suspects it might be a pitbull - did you ever suspect


that? She looks a bit like that, but she looks more like a labrador


to me. What are you going to do now? One option is that you can


fight for her to be returned. will do that, she is my dog, part


of the family. The team have a number of visits to get through.


After this detour, they're off to the next call, a pitbull which


allegedly bites. We have had a complaint that one of your dogs


picked somebody in the block. You never leave the door open or


anything? No. I needed to take him to be assessed now. Do you want to


have a minute with him? You can take him downstairs, that's fine.


The lady did not want to talk to me, she is obviously very emotional,


very upset. She contends that the dog is kept well, that it is a


friendly dog, that it is not going to bite anyone, and it has not


beaten anyone. She is worried that now, it is going to be put down.


The dogs are taken to high-security kennels, where they are assessed by


experts if they are in fact illegal. Sometimes the person does not want


the dog back, because they had not realised it was a pit bull. It will


be put down. Other times they can be prosecuted under the Dangerous


Dogs Act. And on a few occasions, the dogs are returned through the


courts with restrictions placed on them. Today we have been seeing


that it is quite a lot of manpower and expense - is it worth it?


We do not know what possible attacks we have prevented. Some of


those dogs are very aggressive, and they are not dogs which should be


in the community. All three dogs were found to be illegal pit bulls.


This one has been put to sleep. It has yet to be decided what will


happen to the second one. The owner of the third one is being given the


opportunity to apply to keep her under special court restrictions,


which means the dog will have to be neutered, in short, and always


muzzled and on a lead in public. We are joined now by Mike Dilger -


what happens in the assessment, and which ones are granted exemption?


First and foremost, there are four types of dog which are banned, we


are looking at this pit bull terrier, the Fila Brasileiro, the


Dogo Argentino and the Japanese Tosa. But any dog which is


considered to be pit bull-type can be banned as well. They looked at


57 different characteristics, and if a substantial number of those


characteristics are present, then the dog will be banned. It is the


police and the local council which carries out the tests. But any dog


which is not deemed to be a threat to public safety has a second


chance. If a dog goes on the list, the owner has to carry out a list


of criteria, to make sure that the dog will not be put down. They have


to make sure it is no threat to the public. It is quite complicated.


How can people make sure that they do not become the owner of an


illegal dog? First and foremost, go to a reputable breeder. There is an


assured Breeda's scheme, run by the Kennel Club. You can go to


responsible dogs Home, Light Battersea, which is not allowed to


have the band dogs. They have weekly checks, done by experts. And


it is not recommended to buy a dog on the Internet. That would include


local papers, and people down the pub as well. Moving on to safer


animals now, because this is in fact your favourite One Show time


of year, isn't it? Yes, every summer, Miranda and I have a


wildlife-filled blast with a family somewhere in the UK. This time, we


have got a very special offer - 50% more rain. This year, we have come


to the East Midlands to join a One Show family, and show them a really


wild time on their holiday. We're going to reveal just how much


wildlife this industrial heartland has to offer. We will be exploring


this canal in Leicestershire, which was once a corridor for carrying


coal, but now a nature haven. For one week, we will be jumping on


board with the Putman from Staffordshire. And that is my home


county. In typical British fashion, it is summer, and it is raining.


love the peace, the solitude, and it is part of our heritage, from


years gone by. We love the canals, we are country such people. I could


not imagine lying on a beach. This is absolutely perfect for us.


Joining them are their daughter and grandchildren. We are only five


miles from home, and it seems like you're in another world. It is


completely different along the canal. I like driving the boat in


and out of the locks. I like to see this one has. The Putmans are in


for a real treat. -- to see the swans. Just look across there. On a


canal, you're never far away from wildlife, and on this beautiful day,


and go to show the Putmans just what is living in the water. I am


here to look for two special Canal residents. What has granny got?


Within just 10 minutes, we have pulled out both of them. Here we


go! Star find! Well done. Does that look exciting? It looks like a


paperclip to me. Anybody have any idea what it is? I have no idea.


This is a master of disguise. Let's put him in the water and see what's


comes out. Can you see him moving around? It is a little insect which


makes a little home for himself in a little tune. He will make a home


with whatever he finds at the bottom of the canal. If you look


really closely, you can see all of the different colours, the tiny


pebbles, and he has stuck them all together to make himself a nice


little home. They are true architect. It is just incredible.


It is very neat, isn't it? What a clever little they're. And the


other star find was this little creature. This is a freshwater


mussel. The cool thing about these is that you can actually date them.


In the winter, they grow quite slowly, and you can estimate their


age by counting the number of bands. Can you count? 10, that's the same


age as me! Fantastic. These are massive, and pretty cool, I think.


Say goodbye! Tucked away, and lined with towpaths, canals are a


favourite home for mammals. I am hoping to show the family a


secretive president. And stop. Have a look over here. Can you see all


of these lumps and bumps, that is an animal Palace. You can see four


holes. What animal do you think would be living underneath here?


Badger. We have a bit of a consensus on the badger, so it is


time to put a special trap down to find out. The animals coming out


we'll leave their footprints on the sand. It will help us find out what


is living below the bank. And we will have the special night-vision


cameras as well. Hopefully we will catch it. Tomorrow, we will be


investigating a tunnel on the canal, and finding out what is hiding in


More from Mike and Miranda and the Putmans tomorrow. An action-packed


week. It will be great. We understand, Michael, you enjoy


sailing? Yes, I love sailing. Ironically, for someone who


presents a show called 999 you had to be rescued yourself in 2008?!


was a terrible mistake. Not my boat. The yacht master, the engine


stopped. He thought he should ring the coastguard, they were on strike.


Went through to the RNLI, then the lifeboat is bobbing up and down and


they are like, "There is that bloke off the telly." They were so


efficient, that the press office were there with the notebook and so


were half the media. I bet they had a field day with


that one. So, you have this new series, Britain's Secret Troughs


coming up, Monday through to Sunday. This is what the greatest


historical finds that have been found by members of public? Yes,


exactly. Ordinary men and women, finding extraordinary things. About


1 million or so. I don't like this, but I love this list, this is


pinpointing which is the most important.


How many? 1 million long, but then it goes to 50, then to the one that


we consider, or the guys doing the judging to be the most important


thing found in the last 30 years about Britain's past. Which is


really, really exciting it works on two levels, the things themselves


are sometimes so beautiful, so exquisite, but the really important


thing, does it tell us something knew about the way we lived in the


distant past and up to the recent past? So all of that is really


exciting. You are the man in charge, the


ringmaster... They are not necessarily the same, but go on.


You have a team of presenters who follow the stories through? Yes.


In the episode tonight we see Saul David looking at a few of the


surviving toys from the 1700s. This tiny canon is old and delicate,


but it would have been able to fire real canon balls. Look at that.


Amazing. Could you make something like that?


I think it is time to break open the mould to see what we have got.


There you are. Now, in true schoolboy style we are


going to try to fire the canon at a water-filled balloon. Just about to


load... Fantastic! Wonderful! APPLAUSE


Michael, it must be really difficult to be judging these items


against each other, they are so different? Almost impossible, when


you think about it, but then if you apply the criteria, what does it


tell us that is knew about the people of the past? How does it


link us? Almost on an intellectual and emotional level, when you think


to yourself who was the last person who had that, held it, used it


is a good point. On the table we have a wrist ring.


It is. It would be up here. It is a Viking


arm band from about 8900 when the Vikings were colonists here, not


just raiders. It is what a might give to a warrior if the butch


ering average was high. It is that sort of thing. It is also a


measurement of wealth just buried in a field under a led box. That is


part of a horde of 200 items found in the same box.


You would say it was Government. I would say so, but I would say


that Viking has a thin wrist as well.


It might have been a thin wrist... But one of the favourite pieces


over the series was a piece of jewellery for you.


Yes, the Taulk. I am keen on history, keen on Roman history, you


think of the Britons, whether the Romans came as being savages. This


comes from the Iceni tribe, which is Bude car. At a time when Bude


car lived. -- Boudicca. It is beautiful, the craftsmanship


and the civilisation it be tokens it is absolutely a miez -- amazing.


Well, Britain's Secret Troughs start tonight. 8.00Pm on ITV1.


Olympic teams have begun arriving at the Olympic Village, in all


shapes and sizes. Team GB has 542 athletes, enough to fill a jumbo


jet. Angelica Bell has been to welcome one team that can all fit


in a hatchback. The Olympic dreams of an entire


African nation are to be found here in the West Country of England.


Athletes from the south-east African country, Malawi have made


the towns of Cheltenham and Gloucester their temporary home.


They seted in, training hard in final preparations for the Games. I


have come to meet the team and give them a proper One Show welcome.


It is lovely to meet you all, thank you for joining me for tea. Here is


the line-up: Mike Tebulo is 27 and competing in this year's marathon.


Charlton Nyirenda, 23, in the 50m freestyle. 28-year-old Ambwene


Simukonda is running the 400m. Joyce Tafatatha, the youngest in


the team at 14 years of age in the 50m freestyle. That is it, four


athletes. They are among the smallest team at the Olympics. The


locals have taken them to their hearts.


It is a great privilege for Cheltenham to have the Malawi team


here in the Olympics it is a small town it feels as though we are part


of the Olympics now. To come here and see people like that training


is something quite special. Back home, the team is more used to


the exotic scenes of Malawi. One of the first challenges for the


pocket-sized team is getting used to the change of scenery.


How are you enjoying the stay? been good. We have been training in


Gloucester. The community has been very welcoming. What do you like so


far? The weather! I've seen London in pictures, movies.


So you have not been there yet? we have not been there. I'm sure it


will be busy. There are four of you competing for


Malawi, how does it feel to hold that Olympic dream for your


country? Out of 4 million people it is a big thing, such an honour.


are a small team, but we are tough. Fighting talk! The Malawi team have


won the West Country over, but where will loyalties really lie on


race day? Who are you supporting, team Malawi or Team GB? Yes, I will


be giving a shout for Malawi. Team Malawi, we have seen them live in


Cheltenham! My heart has to be with my country, but support for Malawi.


OK, we've been rehearsing that, zabwino zonse to the Malawi team,


that is good luck. We hope it is. Now, Ade Adepitan is here.


Athletes have begun to arrive, they are sleeping in the village. They


have you to thank for testing the beds? Yes, or me to blame if the


beds are no good. I was part of a group of former athletes to advise


on making the village athlete- friendly. I tested out the beds.


They thought I was the best man to try them out. The beds must be


strong, comfortable. They are going to get a lot of use and dealing


with different types of athletes. Gymnasts from 5ft tall to 7ft 5


basketball players. The you'dow guy will have


difficulty. The beds are lovely, but they are small? You are looking


for a four-poster. You are talking about Ricardo Blas from Guam. He is


the heaviest Olympian to compete. How heavy do you think he is? There


he is. Go on, Michael? He is the guy with


the big armpit. I think about 35 stone.


You are there, 33 stone. He is going to be competing in the judo.


He is 26 years old. I hope he does not roll on anyone.


I feel sorry for the guy in his armpit.


They have communal tellies, hello, good evening and welcome.


Thank you very much. Now, we will take a slow. Here is Luis Boa Morte


on how a quick flash of inspiration led to a slow-burning safety


revolution. The use of explosives is tightly


regulated for one reason, it is highly dangerous. Today charges are


set off using electronic fuses, but 200 years ago there was not the


technology nor the health and safety regulations to protect


people using explosives. Death and maiming were everyday occurrences


in this line of work. In the 19th century, mines like this were made


by blasting rocks with gun powder. They used a goose quill.


So a fuse? Exactly. This is filled with black powder.


That is is a miner's term for gun powder. The which it -- way it


burnt was a big problem. No two were the same. They were


susceptible to damp, meaning the burning rates were unpredictable.


We ran an experiment with four quills packed with gun powder. They


all burned at different rates. With one fizzling out. This proved


dangerous and countless miners died because of this. In 1830, a leather


worker moved here to Camborne, it was the centre of Cornwall's huge


tin mining industry. William was not a miner, but he was


shocked at the number of injuries sustained by the miners while doing


the blasting. He vowed to come up with a way to make is safer.


William Bickford experimented and then inspiration came when he met


with a friend, a local rope-maker, James Bray.


He noticed how the women made the rope, that was his eureka moment.


Bickford realise fundamental you made the fuses in the same way as


the rope, the burn rate would be consistent.


Bickford's invention worked. He standardised the thickness of the


chord so it burned at a steady rate of 30 seconds per foot.


Which is why in our test, this 50 centimetre fuse takes a little less


than 50 seconds to burn, but that is too tame a test for the One Show,


let's blow something up. I am putting my life in Bickford's nands


a disused quarry. How much fuse is here? 1.2 metres.


120 seconds. So that goes on the rock. We light the end of this, we


have two minutes to walk to a safe distance? You have it.


The plastic explosive has the potential to kill us if we don't


get a safe distance away. Ready? Yep.


My instinct is to raun, but quarry regulations say it is -- is to run,


but quarry regulations say it is safer to walk. I should have the


time to retire to a safe distance. We're out of the blast radius, but


the adrenaline is pumping as I await the blast... So, that was one


minute, 55 seconds that is pretty close. 5 seconds out.


That is within a good margin of error.


The force of the explosion sent shards of granite hurtling outwards.


It is thanks to the safety fuse that unlike 19th century miners we


ran no risk of injury. William Bickford patented his fuse in 1831,


but died a month before they went into production. He never bot to


see his flash of inspiration, -- he never got to see his flash of


inspiration, go global today, one that saved countless of lives. Now,


we asked you earlier to show us the best things you have ever found.


Michael you are starting us off... It is horrifyingly sweet it is each


other, it is our first anniversary today, it is Shirley and Pete.


This is from Gary Fowler in Kent. A Neolithic hand tool that he found


when he was nine. And from Jerry in West Lothian, a


Land Rover on a beach that could be past salvaging.


That is all from us tonight. Thank you very much to Michael Buerk. If


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