Kale and Winter Fair Down on the Farm


Kale and Winter Fair

Preschool series. Storm meets a mushroom farmer, JB harvests kale, Rory visits a winter fair and we learn how horseshoes are fitted.


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# Come join us down on the farm today

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# Learn about nature along the way

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# From seas to crops and field to farm

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# So much to do down on the farm

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# Summer, autumn, winter, spring, ploughing, planting harvesting

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# With JB and Storm to lead the way

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# Come join us down on the farm today. #

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Hello! I'm JB and welcome to Down on the Farm.

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In winter, there's lots to do on the farm

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to make sure that animals are warm and dry.

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While I help make these cows some snug beds,

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let's find out what Storm's been up to.

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Not all farms are outside with large fields.

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Some are much smaller and can be found indoors.

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I've come to Gloucestershire to visit this shed and inside,

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something very special is growing - mushrooms!

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Hi, Farmer Peter.

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-Hiya Storm.

-So this is a farm?

-Yes, even though we're indoors

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it's still called a farm. It's where we grow the mushrooms.

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Are mushrooms a vegetable or a fruit?

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They're neither - they're a fungus. They don't have leaves or roots

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and they can grow in the dark.

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How long does it take to grow into these?

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It takes 16 days - let me show you how that happens.

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The trays are filled with a special type of soil.

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After six days a layer of something called mycelium grows.

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Peter makes the room really cold and the mycelium turns into mushrooms!

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Now it's time to get picking and I've got Harriet, George,

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Chloe and Aidan to help me.

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It's safe to pick these mushrooms because they're grown for eating.

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But NEVER pick mushrooms you find outside.

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-What's that one?

-That's a baby button mushroom,

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one of the first mushrooms we pick.

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So, guys, what do the mushrooms feel like?

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-Smooth.

-Really, really soft.

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These mushrooms look a little bit bigger than the baby button

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mushrooms we picked earlier. What are these?

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These are closed cup mushrooms - the most popular ones in the shops.

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These are flat mushrooms.

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These are the juiciest, tastiest mushrooms when they're cooked.

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What does the mushroom taste like, Chloe?

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Delicious.

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These mushrooms have all been sorted and weighed. What next?

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We put the punnets on the conveyor and away they go for wrapping.

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Shall we have a go, guys?

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-CHILDREN:

-Bye!

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The mushrooms are wrapped in plastic, labelled,

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put into crates and now they're ready for the shops.

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We've had a really busy day picking mushrooms.

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And while we finish off here,

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why don't you find out what else happens this time of year?

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In the final weeks of winter,

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the trees are still bare but down on the woodland floor we start to see

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signs of growth.

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There are more hours of daylight now.

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The extra sunlight shines down through the empty branches

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and warms the ground.

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It is just what these snow drops have been waiting for.

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They are the first new flowers to appear for many months.

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A sign that spring is coming.

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Hazel trees grow a special long, hanging flower, called a catkin.

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Catkins are full of golden pollen which the tree needs to spread to

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another tree so that hazelnuts can grow.

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It only takes the slightest breeze or the beating wings of a bird to

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send the tiny grains of pollen off through the air.

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By now, squirrels have eaten up most of the food that they buried for

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winter, so some try to steal nuts from their neighbours.

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This smart squirrel has noticed she is being watched.

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To trick her rival,

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she digs up a nut and pretends to rebury it in another spot.

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She then runs off with the nut, leaving the thief empty-pawed.

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Down on the farm, the first lambs are being born.

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When spring finally arrives, there will be new life all around us.

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As our world turns green again.

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MOO!

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I'm in Carrickfergus to visit a farm holding a winter fair.

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The farm has opened its doors so people can come and visit.

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It's a great chance for children to meet animals they wouldn't normally.

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-Hi Pauline. Hi everyone.

-ALL:

-Hi, Rory!

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There's so much to see, I don't know where to start.

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-What do you think?

-You can follow our nature trail

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-and learn more about our animals.

-That's a great idea. See you there?

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-CHILDREN:

-Yeah!

-See you soon!

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I think the first stop is somewhere near here.

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I wonder what animal I'm going to meet...

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GOAT BLEATS

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-Hi, guys.

-ALL:

-Hi!

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-Who do we have here?

-Pigmy goats.

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What are you going to do with the goats today?

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-We're going to clean out the beds.

-Let's get going.

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During winter, pygmy goats grow a woolly fur vest beneath their fur

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which keeps them warm. Straw bedding makes sure the goats are extra cosy.

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Great job, everyone.

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But it's time for me to get back on the trail. See ya!

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-ALL:

-Bye!

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There are so many animals here. Who's next?

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-CHICKENS CLUCK ALL:

-Over here, Rory!

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So, what are you guys up to?

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We're going to feed the chickens some food.

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-Oh, and why are they on strings?

-So we can hang them up on the tree.

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Let's get in there, shall we?

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Hanging up fruit during winter keeps chickens active and healthy.

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Well, the chickens look very happy but I need to get to my next stop,

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-so, I'll see you later guys.

-ALL:

-Bye!

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Hey, guys! Who's this?

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-Lottie.

-It's Lottie?

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She's a great big pig.

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She's a coonie, coonie pig, which actually means fat and round.

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-What is her favourite food?

-Apples.

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-Oh, shall we give her some now?

-Yes!

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Remember, always wash your hands after touching animals.

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PIG GRUNTS

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And while we go and enjoy some of the other stalls,

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you can enjoy a poem about the winter night sky.

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In a winter sky, a setting sun and oh, so quickly, daylight's gone.

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Shining moon, now takes its place,

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glowing softly out in space.

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At first the sky seems dark and empty...

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..but soon it sparkles with stars aplenty.

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We try to count them, one, two, three...

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The more we look, the more we see.

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And then we can't believe our eyes, as colours sweep across the sky.

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They dance away so strange and bright,

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it's the Northern Lights - oh, what a sight!

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Today I've come to Canterbury to find out more about

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a leafy vegetable that can be picked at this time of year.

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It's from the same family of vegetables as cabbage,

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cauliflower and Brussels sprouts but I'm not sure what it is.

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Let's find Sarah, who has the answer.

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-Hi, Sarah!

-Oh, hi JB.

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-Welcome to the farm.

-Thank you.

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I've heard a lot about this vegetable,

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-but can you show me exactly what it is?

-This is kale.

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We've got green curly kale, red kale and black kale.

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It was planted earlier in the season and is now ready to pick.

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I thought vegetables were picked in autumn - why wait until winter?

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Unlike vegetables that need the warmth of the summer sun,

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kale grows well through the cold of winter and even tastes sweeter

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-when it's had frost on it.

-It's chilly today. How can we warm up?

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We've got lots of kale here, so let's get busy!

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I think we need a few extra helpers.

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Helping us today are...

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Arme, Fred, Henry, Kai, Daisy, and Lotta.

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-BOTH:

-Hi, guys!

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We're going to pick some good fresh leafs of kale.

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We'll pick the ones the size of my hand and leave the

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-small ones on the plant to grow a bit longer.

-Let's get picking!

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The kale is really easy to pick - it just snaps off the stalks.

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-Right, boys this is called black kale.

-Black kale?

-Yeah!

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Even though it's green, it's called black kale because it's so dark.

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It smells really good!

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And this is red kale.

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Great work, everyone. Now we've got full baskets of kale,

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we'll take them to the barn and prepare them for the customers.

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Time to bunch up the kale.

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We take a few leaves of each type until we have a handful.

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Then we tie them together with elastic bands.

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Finished!

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What a busy day we've had!

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All that picking and bunching's got me thirsty.

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Why don't you try one of these, JB? It's a kale smoothie.

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Wow! That looks delicious.

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Mmm! Whilst I finish this,

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why don't you find out what else happens in winter?

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Did you know that horses have been used on farms for hundreds of years?

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Because they are heavy and work really hard,

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one of the most important parts of a horse is its feet.

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These are called hooves.

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This is Robert. He's a Farrier.

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Farriers make sure horses' hooves are kept nice and healthy

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and fit them with their own horse shoes.

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They use lots of tools to fit the shoes but because horses can't feel

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their hooves, it doesn't hurt them.

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Horse shoes are just like shoes that you and I wear.

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They're protect horses from roads and excessive wear on their feet.

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Robert's putting new shoes on Randolf, a Clydesdale horse,

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they have long silky hairs on the bottom part of their legs,

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which look like fluffy socks. They're called feathers.

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First, we need to take off Randolf's old shoes to trim the feet

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and see the shape and size of them.

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Robert removes any mud or dirt from Randolf's hoof and uses a file

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to make it smooth before fitting a new shoe.

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It's a bit like cutting and filing your finger nails.

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The hoof is really thick so the horse doesn't feel anything.

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I've trimmed the foot - now to fit the shoe.

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Robert tries the new shoe against Randolf's foot

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and then puts it into a small fire to heat it up.

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Because it is metal,

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he can use a hammer to reshape the hot shoe until it's a perfect fit

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for Randolf.

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Randolf will need his shoes changed in six weeks.

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I use these special nails to keep the shoes on.

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With the horseshoe fixed in place,

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it's time for a final trim and file to make everything look smart.

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Well, it looks like Randolf's shoes are a great fit!

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HORSE NEIGHS

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Storm, Rory and I have had an amazing time

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and we hope you've enjoyed it too.

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You can check out even more great things from Down on the Farm

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on the CBeebies website.

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See you next time. Bye!

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# Come join us down on the farm today

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# Learn about nature along the way

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# From seas to crops and field to farm

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# So much to do down on the farm

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# Summer, autumn, winter spring, ploughing, planting, harvesting

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# With JB and Storm to lead the way

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# Come join us down on the farm today. #

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Storm takes a trip to a farm in Cheltenham to find out how mushrooms are grown. JB goes to snowy Canterbury to help harvest a leafy veg that tastes best in winter. Rory joins some children who are visiting a winter fair at their community farm and helps out with the animals. We meet a horse who's getting some brand new shoes and JB shares a twinkly winter poem.


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