Memory Nina and the Neurons: Brilliant Bodies


Memory

Scientist Nina and her young experimenters investigate the human body. Experimenters Lewis, Mason and Sam find out that the senses are really important in remembering things.


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# If you've got a question and you don't know where to go

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# Ask Nina for some help Cos she's got a science show

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# She makes sense of her senses While helping all her fans

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# By doing her experiments with potions and with bangs

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-# Touch your tongue

-Tongue!

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-# Fingers

-Fingers!

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-# Eyes.

-Eyes!

-Ears.

-Ears!

-Nose.

-Nose!

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# Nina and the Neurons find out what you need to know

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# Nina and the Neurons find out what you need to know

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# Luke, he helps us with our eyes and Felix with our touch

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# Ollie sniffs out smells And Belle, she hears so much

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# Bud is Ollie's brother He helps us with our taste

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# They're Nina's little Neurons And they're coming to your place!

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-# Touch your tongue

-Tongue!

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-# Fingers

-Fingers!

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-# Eyes.

-Eyes!

-Ears.

-Ears!

-Nose.

-Nose!

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# Nina and the Neurons find out what you need to know

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# Nina and the Neurons find out what you need to know

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-# Oh yeah!

-#

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Oh, hello! I'm trying to remember where I put my red pencil.

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I used it just now to draw this picture. Mm, let me think. Erm...

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Oh, I remember now! I put it behind my ear for safe keeping.

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ALARM BEEPS

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I hear a beep, I see a flash! I wonder what they're going to ask?

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-Hi, Nina.

-Hi, guys!

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-We've got a question for you.

-How can we remember so many things?

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That's a great question! How CAN we remember so many things?

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I wouldn't mind improving my memory.

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Why don't you come down and we'll do some experiments to investigate.

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-See you soon, Nina! Bye.

-Bye!

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I'll need some help to answer this.

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and I know just who to ask. OK, Neurons, time to get to work.

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ALL: Neurons at the ready, Nina!

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OK, today's question is, how can we remember so many things?

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Which Neuron would be most helpful in finding us the answer?

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ALL: Me! Me! Me!

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Will it be fabulous Felix?

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I can help so very much if you need the sense of touch.

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Will it be beautiful Belle?

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I send messages to brain from ear. If there's a sound, I'll help you hear.

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Will it be lovely Luke?

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For looking and seeing, day or night,

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I'll help you with your sense of sight.

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Will it be awesome Ollie?

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If it's pongy or whiffy but you can't tell,

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-my messages help your sense of smell.

-Or will it be baby Bud?

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Sour, salty, bitter or sweet, I'm your taste buddy whenever you eat!

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BEEPING

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It's all the Neurons!

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ALL: Go, Neurons! Go, Neurons! Go, Neurons! Go, Neurons!

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Go, Neurons! All Neurons hip-hop-happy to help, Nina!

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Today's question is how can we remember so many things.

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Because all of our senses are important in remembering things.

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I have a feeling I'll need help from all the Neurons today.

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Right, I need to get the lab ready before the experimenters arrive!

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Sam likes archery, Lewis likes pizza and Mason loves fencing.

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But they all want to know how we can remember so many things.

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For one day only, Sam, Lewis and Mason become the experimenters!

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-Hi, guys!

-Hi, Nina!

-Welcome to my science lab! Come in!

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Your question is, how can we remember so many things,

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which is a great question.

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-Why do you want to know?

-We have to remember lots of things.

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LIke how to write our names and ride our bikes.

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We want to know how we remember.

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This morning, I had to remember to have a shower, get dressed,

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put my bunches in, eat my breakfast and brush my teeth.

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And that was all before I'd even left the house!

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I think we need to do some investigating to find out more.

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For our first experiment, we're going to use our senses!

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ALL: Woohoo! A senses experiment! We're ready, Nina!

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The things we remember are called memories

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and these memories are stored here, inside our brain.

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Our brain is the thing inside our head that controls our body

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and lets us think and remember.

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But memories start with our senses.

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Seeing, hearing, smelling, tasting and touching.

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ALL: That's us!

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OK, experimenters.

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You're wearing blindfolds

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because I want you to find out how our different sense Neurons

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can help us remember things.

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So, gently feel what's in front of you

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and describe what it makes you think of

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-A towel.

-That's right.

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When do you remember using a towel?

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When you get out the bath.

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When you're going to dry your hands when you've just had a wash.

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Great. So just by touching the towel,

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you remembered having a bath and drying your hands. Excellent.

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Have a smell of this.

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Big sniff, Lewis.

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And, Nathan. What does that remind you of?

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-Toothpaste.

-Oh, you're right!

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And what does toothpaste remind you of doing?

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Brushing my teeth.

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That's right. So you're smelling the minty smell

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and it's reminding you of brushing your teeth

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Excellent, guys. Now I'm giving you all something to taste.

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Now... Pop it into your mouth.

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And describe what it is.

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-Popcorn.

-Popcorn.

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-And do you remember where you've tasted that before?

-Cinema.

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Yeah, the cinema, well done.

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You can take your blindfolds off for the final part of the experiment.

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Look here at this picture.

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-Tell me what you think it feels like to be there.

-Warm.

-Exactly.

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You can imagine that this place feels warm

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because you remember what it's like to be somewhere sunny.

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So we use our memory

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to remember how things look, sound, feel, smell and taste.

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And we can also use it to imagine what things might be like

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and then we store these memories inside our brain.

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But how do we actually remember things? Time for another experiment!

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ALL: Yay!

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Now, underneath this cloth, there are ten objects

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and I'm going to reveal them, just for a few seconds,

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and I'd like you to try and remember as many as you can.

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But no touching, OK?

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-Are you ready?

-ALL: Yeah!

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Here we go!

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Oooh. OK, can you tell me all the ten objects?

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-Bell.

-Bell.

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-Torch.

-Magnifying Glass.

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Ooh...

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Grapes.

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-Yes.

-Teddy bears.

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Let's try it again, and I'm going to give you longer to look at them.

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But I'd also like you to pick up the object

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and try and use as many of your senses as you can, OK?

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Ready, steady, go!

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SQUEAK!

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THEY GIGGLE

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SQUEAK!

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Ooh.

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NINA GIGGLES

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OK, everything back on the desk. Ooh!

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OK. Now, tell me what items you remember.

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The torch.

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-Yeah, anything else?

-The candles.

-Very good.

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The jelly beans, because of the different flavours.

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So you liked the taste of the jelly beans.

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-The orange toy.

-Why did you remember that, Sam?

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Because it was quite loud.

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Yeah, it did make a loud, squeaky noise.

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The soap smells nice.

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-Oh, so that's why you remembered it?

-The bell, it makes lots of noise.

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Well done! You have amazing memories.

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And you remembered more the second time round

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because you had lots more time to examine them

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using more of your senses.

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So rather than just seeing the shiny bell,

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you knew that it made a loud noise.

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SHE LAUGHS

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But how do our brains take information from our senses

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and make memories?

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To find out, we need to take a step in the right direction. Let's go!

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ALL: Yeah!

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I wonder where Nina is taking us.

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She talked about taking a step.

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I hope she means down steps.

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But this doesn't look like a dance floor.

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Wow, we're on a beach!

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OK, experimenters, we've discovered that memories start with our senses

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When we see, hear, smell, taste or touch something.

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And our memories are stored up here, in our brain.

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But how does our brain remember things? Let's get experimenting!

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ALL: Yeah!

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When we remember something, it makes a path in our brain,

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so each of us is going to make a path

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in this sand by walking from here to one of those flags.

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One, two, three, go!

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Hey-hey! Well done, guys, we made a path in the sand!

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And once a path is there, it should be easy to follow again.

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Let's try it.

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We did it! And what's happening to the paths?

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They're getting deeper, Nina.

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Yes, the more times you use the same path,

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the deeper the footprints will get, making it even easier to follow.

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And it's the same with our memories.

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The more often we remember something,

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the stronger the memory gets.

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So, let's follow the paths again!

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Nina's really putting her foot down today! Ha-ha-ha!

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These lovely, clear paths we've made

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are a lot like the paths we make in our brain

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when we remember something over and over again.

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But, if we don't try and remember something for a while,

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this can happen.

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-So, what do you see, experimenters?

-There's paths going away, Nina.

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That's right, the paths started to fade, just like memories can.

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This makes it harder to follow the path

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and that means it can take longer to remember something.

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That's why we need to practice things over and over again,

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like riding a bike or writing our name -

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so we can remember how to do them really well.

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Now, I hope I can remember how we can get back to the lab.

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Ah, yes, I remember. This way!

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So, your question was, "How can we remember so many things?"

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And I think we've answered it.

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Memories start with our senses, when we see, hear, smell,

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taste or touch something.

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Each new memory creates a path in our brain.

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The more we remember something and use the path,

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the stronger the memory gets.

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It's just like when you learn to ride a bike -

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the more you practice, the easier it is to remember how to do it again.

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So I hope that's answered your question

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and, so you don't forget all the fun we had today,

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I've got you these - little memory bags!

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ALL: Thanks, Nina. Bye!

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Bye!

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If you want to find out more about the science all around us,

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go to the Nina section on the Cbeebies website. Have fun!

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-Heart's beating.

-Lung's breathing.

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-Finger's feeling.

-Mouth's eating!

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And don't forget your brain!

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# Brilliant bodies, brilliant bodies

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# Inside and ou-ou-out

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# Brilliant bodies, brilliant bodies

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# Come on, let's find out about

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# Handy hands and bendy knees

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# Stretchy backs And noses that sneeze

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# We all have brilliant bodies

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# Brilliant bodies!

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# Every part has a job to do

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# Even scabs and earwax too

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# We all have brilliant bodies

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# Brilliant bodies!

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# Brilliant bodies, brilliant bodies

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# Lashes to protect our eyes

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# Brilliant bodies, brilliant bodies

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# And don't forget to exercise. #

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I really enjoyed myself today.

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The minty toothpaste smell reminded me of Nina brushing her teeth.

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It's been a marvellous day.

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I remember feeling the hard, metal bell.

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Ahh, it's been such a great day, man!

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I won't forget those footprints. That looked so much fun.

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And remember, everyone's body is different,

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but they're all brilliant. See you again soon, bye!

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ALL: Bye!

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Scientist Nina and her young experimenters investigate the human body and find out why it is brilliant.

Nina investigates how people remember so many things, with the help of her five sense neurons. Experimenters Lewis, Mason and Sam visit Nina in her lab and find out that the senses are really important in remembering things. They discover that smelling, tasting, seeing, hearing or touching something can spark a memory. So tasting some popcorn can remind them of going to the cinema.

A second experiment shows them that the more senses someone uses to examine something, the stronger the memory of it gets, helping them to remember it later. Finally they go to a beach and make paths in the sand. They see that once a path is made, it's easy to follow it again. And the more they follow it, the deeper and clearer the path gets. Nina explains that this is like memory. Each memory is like a path in the brain and the more often you remember something, the easier it is to remember it again.


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