Episode 1 Operation Ouch!


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Episode 1

Clips from Operation Ouch! All about bellybuttons, from how the umbilical cord works when you're a baby, to why some people have outy belly buttons.


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-Are you ready for our Ouch Snips?

-Snip!

-Ouch!

-Exactly!

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When you were in your mum's womb...

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Keep watching to find out!

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Right, here you go, Chris.

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-You can get a nice close look at my belly button with that.

-Whoa!

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I think I've missed something.

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Why on earth would I, or anyone, want to look at your belly button?

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Because did you know that your belly button used to be

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your mouth and your bum?

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OK, yes, that's true, but we still don't need to look at your

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belly button, Xand, because I've got something much more impressive.

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Take a look at this.

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Whoa!

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That is much more impressive than my belly button

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because this is a real human placenta and umbilical cord.

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These amazing organs are what keep a baby alive

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and able to grow inside its mum.

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The placenta's job is to absorb oxygen and vital nutrients from

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the mum's blood and deliver them to the baby via the umbilical cord.

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As well as this, the umbilical cord also carries waste products -

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that's wee, poo and carbon dioxide - away from the baby,

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down the umbilical cord

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and through the placenta into Mum's body for her to get rid of.

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Now, once you're born, you don't need these any more, which is

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why we have these to show you.

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This placenta is absolutely amazing.

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But, you know, I've always said that there's really only one thing

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better than a real human placenta -

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-and that is a double human placenta from twins.

-Wow!

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This must have been what our placenta looked like

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-when we were inside our mum.

-Absolutely.

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After you're born, the cord gets snipped off, leaving you

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with your belly button but, until then, this cord is your lifeline.

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But what does a baby look like when it's actually inside its mum?

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-We're going to show you.

-Now, what we've got here is a real live baby.

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Xand, this isn't a baby. This is Amelia, and she's a grown-up.

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That's true. Thanks very much for coming into the lab, Amelia.

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-Thanks, Amelia.

-But, actually, inside Amelia is a real live baby.

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Ah!

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And ordinarily, of course, we couldn't show you that baby,

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but we have this ultrasound scanner.

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-So, Amelia, are you having a boy or a girl?

-A boy.

-A boy!

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-Amelia, how many weeks' pregnant are you?

-29 weeks.

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At this stage, a baby's organs are developed.

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Just here, what you can see beating is Amelia's baby's heart.

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Wow, amazing!

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The white things here are his bones, so that's his backbone.

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Very clearly, you can see that there.

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Surrounding the baby, these big black patches are liquid.

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And that's cos the baby's sitting in a thing called the amniotic sac,

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so it's sitting in a big sac full of fluid that protects

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it from bumps and from infection.

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The one massive difference between being inside Amelia

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and being out in the world is that this little boy is breathing

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entirely through his umbilical cord, through his belly button.

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But what we really want to know is, what does he look like?

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So we've been able to do a 4-D scan.

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4-D scans provide an incredible lifelike

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image of the baby inside the womb.

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You can see his eyes, his nose and his little mouth.

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And there's another really nice thing here.

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He has found another use for his placenta because, as well as giving

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him all his oxygen and nutrients, he's also using it as a pillow.

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Amelia, thank you so much for letting us meet him.

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-Thanks very much.

-No problem.

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We've shown you the incredible organs that keep you alive

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and enable you to grow before you're born inside your mum.

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The placenta and the umbilical cord bring nutrients and oxygen

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and take away waste - everything a baby needs.

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But why are some belly buttons innies and some outies?

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Let's head to the Ouch And About Clinic.

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So, Anastasia, what's brought you to the Ouch Mobile today?

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All my friends in my school have an innie belly button,

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-but I have an outie.

-What's the diagnosis, Doc?

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Sounds to me like a case of...

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Spot-on!

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That is a very impressive outie belly button and,

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after you're born,

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you don't need your umbilical cord,

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so we clamp it off,

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and the cord just dies and falls off.

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And, usually, when things die and drop off,

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you get a bit of a scar formation.

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That scar tightens up and pulls the belly button in but,

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in lots of people, that doesn't happen.

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But it's not a problem - it's completely normal.

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-In fact, it's quite special.

-I'm special!

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So the next time you're looking at your belly button, remember -

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it used to be your mouth and your bum!

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And, personally, I think it makes a rather good nose.

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-See you next time!

-Bye!

-Bye!

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-Bye.

-Bye.

-Bye!

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-Bye.

-Bye!

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THEY MOUTH

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