We All Had a Car? What If?

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full recount of the poll. Now it is There are more than 1 billion


Karzai in the world today. By 2050 they could be up to 4 billion. But


what will we do with them all and where will they go? In countries


such as India, Brazil, Russia and China, as people get richer, they


won the trappings of success and for many that means a car. But the


global gridlock is looming ever larger. So what can we do about it?


And the car itself become a tool for cutting congestion and


preventing pollution? How about a car which can fall -- fold up to


use less space? Artificial intelligence, a robot vehicles


which thing for themselves, and the fast as electric car you have ever


This is mourned by, a fast-growing city and a symbol of the country's


economic success but it has a problem or rather 1.8 million


problems - that is how many cars, buses, motorcycles and rickshaws


are on the streets. There is not enough road to go round. It is one


of the most congested cities in the world. They have tried very


solutions, including public transport is one option. The Mumbai


metro is behind schedule, over budgets and not nearly finished.


The man Riyong - behind schedule, over Budget and not nearly finished.


This amazing bridge was meant to take traffic down the coast and


away from the city. But it was never finished. It just stops. The


trouble with projects like these they take time and trouble to build.


the City just keeps growing day after day. It is my job to try and


keep the traffic moving because the volumes that we have in mourned by,


both of the population and vehicle numbers, it is enormous. We have


450 vehicles being registered every day - each day. What is it like the


traffic in a city like this. I went for a ride with a journalist who


drives for a living. On a daily basis, it is like hopscotch in on a


minefield. Honestly, it is not just the traffic, it is the road users.


Everybody seems to abuse the road. You have bicycles, Voss cards, or


all kinds of things which are all over the place. -- oxcarts. It is


never a mechanical process and just to drive. It is quite a challenge.


He drives a Tata Nano, a small car designed especially for the Indian


market. But young people prefer something rather larger. For the


love affair with cars in India is very much on the increase, unlike


in the West where it is winning. People are still very much... Let's


say, they laugh cars, they're very aspirational. Over here people


think it is very cool. In the West, it is not politically correct to


find something like that. That kind of thinking or mindset has not


quite reached over here. That is one city. The truth is, Mumbai's


problems are far from unique. Around the world, from Sao Paolo to


Shanghai, cities are getting bigger and bigger and the challenge of


keeping traffic moving is getting harder. In Boston, I came to find


out exactly what technology can offer to help the gridlock in their


megacities of the future. Some of the most original reiginal reiginal


could change the way we think about it, he's been done up at the MIT.


I'm here to make Kent Larsen, a renowned expert of city living.


picked a beautiful day. Let's go see what we're doing. If Rakhine


see what we're doing. If Rakhine can fold, he can drop down, and get


into a submissive posture. -- if a car. He says that the cities are


being built around the car. In the past, most of the things could be


found within walking distance but not any more. In most of the new


cities, it is the opposite model. The idea is to separate all the


functions. Would housing over here, commercial and a here, build a


shopping centre here and can make everything with the roadway. Allow


anybody who wants it can't have one and make sure there is enough


parking when people get there. That works in a relatively small area on


a suburban model but when you get to these mega CDs, with tens of


millions of people, it is completely unsustainable. --


megacity. One thing I hate about driving in the City is that some


point you have to find some way to pint you can never find space. The


guys at MIT think they may have come up with a solution which could


make that easier. What makes it special lies in the wheels. This is


it - a small futuristic folding car with unique features in its design.


The length of that vehicle is the with of the conventional car. It


allows you to go nose into the curve in a parallel parking


scenario seeking get three 1/2 in the space of a conventional car. If


you're introducing a fleet, it is a huge advantage in CD were parking


is limited - to have free pass because available to you. -- three


plus. This is an exhibition were put together. Over here, we have


the city car itself. This is a model. We would have to shrink


people down 50%. This is a half scale model. It is a fully


functional electric with the verdict will. And that gives us an


idea of what it looks like. We have basically the chassis of it. It is


a party piece that does the secret to the whole thing. This is the


robot will. Steering, braking, or incorporated into one more draw. We


are able to control each and we all. For example this will can turn. It


allows for is the parallel parking. It also allows us to have an


manoeuvrable the Costa Rican fold it. Even somebody like me, who does


not part very well it should be a snap? It should be a snap.You


might think that sounds a bit futuristic and out of the realm of


science fiction but have a look at this - it is called the Aggreko


fold -- Hiriko. It does exactly what it says on the tin. It has no


side doors so you are going to show me how to get in and out of it?


Through the front door. This is something new. For the security and


everything, you can go inside, police, get inside. It is like


being in a fighter plane. This is something that theoretically, now


we can close the door, and at first, we have to take and the charging


cable. And we close the Canonbie and we are clear for take-off.


we are clear for take-off. -- canopy. This car does not do


absolutely everything that the MIT imagine. Something had been


sacrificed because regulators will not allow them or because of cost.


The selling point is unique. will be like a taxi without the


driver. You will be the driver. You only pay for the minutes of for the


time that you want to have it in your possession. When you finish,


and if you arrive, to be a target, you finish the contract and you are


free. I know you have a very unusual marketing? Do not buy this


car. Pay only for the usage. this is no pipe dream. The Hiriko


is going into production. This is the completed prototype. Over here,


you have cars in various stages of completion. This is where you going


to be building the production models? Yes. They will hit the


streets of Berlin later this year. Other cities are also looking at it.


For the rain car-sharing programmes. How many models to thank you will


be able to produce in a day? target is to have five units per


day. A good way to beat traffic jams already exists and it is


pretty popular in cities like Mumbai - it is called a motorbike.


The trouble is, it is not everybody's cup of tea. If you're


out in the open, exposed to the fumes, it can be dangers as well.


In San Francisco, mechanics hope to solve these problems. In California,


there is a rich tradition of gigs in garages building multi-million-


dollar businesses. Its inventor things this slick to Willa could be


the next big thing. This is the future of transportation. My first


question theories, is it a car or a bike? It is both. It is the best of


both worlds. We take the romance and efficiency of a motorcycle and


we combine that with the safety of a motor-car. It is a new class of


vehicle. You drive like a car but it means like a motorcycle. It is


absolutely phenomenal. That is the point. It cannot four-over?


Absolutely not. It is very, very say. You need a baby elephant to


knock it over. It is electric?All- electric, to wheel drive. The 0 to


60 in about six seconds. It runs on batteries. How far can this go on a


single charge? We are looking at single charge? We are looking at


around 200 miles per charge. The future has to be fine. The steel


platform allows it to happen. -- this little platform. What kind of


market? What could do? And this is market? What could do? And this is


a vehicle for the masses. My ultimate go?I ? ultimate go?


impact in the transportation world. And this could be very applicable


And this could be very applicable And this could be very applicable


UK. It comes down to whether the public accepts this as the next


form of transportation and it form of transportation and it


Apology for the loss of subtitles for 81 seconds


look at thi?I ? look at thitwo We can make cars a lot smaller and


feed more than one he wrote. On its own, that will not solve the


problems of congestion or cut pollution. It is increasingly


becoming clear that future cars will behave more like robots, but


by computers. For that reason, a lot of the ground-breaking research


being carried out is not being done in the traditional homeland water


industry like in Stuttgart but in California. -- automobile industry.


Leading the way, Stanford University in the heart of Silicon


Valley. This car was built to test computerised systems, meant to help


the human driver. It feels different. All it wigeon if you


have from a normal car translate very well. -- intuition. You are


not driving the card the moment. The computer is. It is technically


applying all of it. The same thing is occurring growth the drive


motors. We have a big electric motor powering the vehicle. We have


a sensor on the accelerator and Pottle. -- a celebrating pedal


force we have packed the vehicle for all of capabilities. And they


are excited to see whether it takes us. The heart of it is a computer.


Yes. That is the single will have to get used to in the future. You


may have a steering wheel in your hand but it is the computer doing


the work. Yes. What is cool about her that is the computer can


respond more quickly than a human drama ever could. This machine


still needs a human at the wheel. But the university has also


developed cars that can do without a drive altogether. Sven Beiker is


head of the research centre at Stanford. He thinks there are


things that computers can simply do better. We are very good at


understanding a situation. We are not good at controlling a vehicle.


It is just the speed and distance of the car in front of me, we


believe if we automate much of that, we can come to a smoother traffic


flow. And less congestion. Computers can do it better? Yes.


That is our true belief. If you look at a highway at peak were


traffic, only about 20-put 5% of the surface area of the highway is


occupied the cause. The rest is the safety model. You should use it.


But the computer might use a different safety model because it


is faster. We could fit more cars on the road, reducing congestion.


The big names in the motor industry are helping and replacing the human


driver. Some have already produced their own driverless cars. Working


out how best to use them is far from simple. How do those it


vehicles interact with humans? Let us be honest. I'm pretty much sure


that we have gone over the speed limit. We thought, you know what?


Sure. I should not have parked here but it is for two seconds. How does


an automated vehicle deal with that? It has to follow the laws


exactly. It may not have the concept of others being more


creative. It might mean that an automated vehicle may be slow were


in traffic. Hard as everyone else respond to that? There are


challenges on human side and legal side. What happens if something


goes wrong? That is where work is happening. Many questions to be


answered that are not technologically based. Google is at


the forefront of driverless car research. This is how it sees the


world. It can track moving Objects and react to objects around them


but not in the same way that we do. This is not a forecast. This is


happening already. We have enough robotic cars on highways in a


Silicon Valley. They actually get in the way. How do you tell a


Google robotic car on the highway that it is the only car driving the


speed limit and using the civil? Professors also have to get to


class. More than once, I have been on my way racing to class on campus.


I got stuck bid. -- behind the Don googled rebutted car. This


revolution is helping us. How will pure beings react been surrounded


by soft driving machines? Will they dare crossing the road is it means


walking in front of the car without any driver? Back at MIT in Boston,


they are working on that problem. Coming up with some remarkable


solutions. Before I try and cross the road, she should see it? Yes.


Hello, is the tough. She is looking at me. Before across the road, she


is following me. -- Evita are. is also safer you to walk. The idea


behind this is that you can relate to the car as if it were human?


Exactly. We tried different strategies. This is the autonomous


testing a rate. The contest different things. The people's art


dilated. The eyeballs are tracking you. It is making contact. There is


directed audio. It can through and the city at you. A message for you


to cross. There was have LED likes that change colour as you approach.


You could have a winners and proximity. Putting this together, a


self driving car that Ford's up and interacts with you and looks at you,


is it a car or something different? It is an electronic vehicle. It is


not a car. It is not a conventional car. It is a new type of connected,


intelligent, aware, mobility mode. By making cars intelligent and


releasing them from human control, we should be able to fit more on


the road. That could reduce congestion. Tailoring the


technology to a city like Mumbai is a formidable challenge. Robot cars


as you say are probably decide to work in a place where there is a


certain order. I do not know how those cars will react if you had a


motorcyclist coming down the wrong way directly at you. I did think it


would be programmed to factor in that sort of situation. It is just


a bit too crazy on the roads over here. We have looked at ways to cut


congestion. What about pollution? Petrol or diesel power may one day


become socially unacceptable. Otherwise, the fumes from millions


of cars may slowly choke us all with smog. The electric cars would


be cleaner. Generally speaking, people do not like them. They are


widely seen as slow, impractical and dull. What about this? This car


runs on batteries. It has been designed as a high-speed test for


Anna to cast technology. We have to knowledge is which represent the


today. We have a carbon x a skeleton inside of which we have


the batteries, on top of it, the computer which controls the car,


and inside there, four electric motors developed by Oxford


University, probably the world's debt and a trip motor today. It is


driving the high and wheels, producing a total of 850 horsepower.


-- kind of deals. I believe we do see this car racing on a track, it


is shouting at you. This is what the future can be like. It is


really cool. We should not be frightened of that future. We have


to embrace it. We have this sort difficult engineering and science


problems to get there. But engineering, being what it is, if


we commit ourselves, we can do it. We can have it could perfect


combination. The lifestyle that we want without damaging the planet in


which we have done up to now. all about lifestyle. There is no


point in developing new technology is nobody wants to use them. Some


experts believe that he did well as around the world are ready to


reject old-fashioned ideas about car ownership and a brace this


brave new world of shiny miniature electric powered machines that


nobody actually owns. -- embrace. We are all at collectively coming


to the conclusion that owning a car is quite mad. This thing cost tens


of thousands of dollars. Even one heavily used, it sits for 83 art of


good for hours every day unused. You have to pay for repairs and


parking in the city. Would it not be so much nicer if you had a car


when you need it and it would simply disappear when you did not?


That is the kind of world we may be headed towards. Whether we own cars


or rent them by the hour, Samoa have to manufacture them. Many of


the biggest car companies are working hard to find moderns


ablutions of the problem of gridlock. -- solutions. Henry


Ford's great grandson wants to continue that tradition. I look at


the history of our company. My great-grandfather talk -- brought


the freedom of my ability to the average person. That was a great


thing for the world. As I look forward, I would like to


reinterpret that vision and bring the freedom of an ability to


everyone in the world once again included people who live in large


urban areas. -- mobility. It takes a leap of faith. Universities are


taking hold in a modern city like Mumbai. That alone like a mega


metropolis of the future. Getting rid of the traffic jams without the


cars was ever going to be easy. Certainly, says the new colleges


can make a difference. What works well in Europe or America may not


be practical or affordable in other countries. Anyway, that us be


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