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full recount of the poll. Now it is There are more than 1 billion
Karzai in the world today. By 2050 they could be up to 4 billion. But
what will we do with them all and where will they go? In countries
such as India, Brazil, Russia and China, as people get richer, they
won the trappings of success and for many that means a car. But the
global gridlock is looming ever larger. So what can we do about it?
And the car itself become a tool for cutting congestion and
preventing pollution? How about a car which can fall -- fold up to
use less space? Artificial intelligence, a robot vehicles
which thing for themselves, and the fast as electric car you have ever
This is mourned by, a fast-growing city and a symbol of the country's
economic success but it has a problem or rather 1.8 million
problems - that is how many cars, buses, motorcycles and rickshaws
are on the streets. There is not enough road to go round. It is one
of the most congested cities in the world. They have tried very
solutions, including public transport is one option. The Mumbai
metro is behind schedule, over budgets and not nearly finished.
The man Riyong - behind schedule, over Budget and not nearly finished.
This amazing bridge was meant to take traffic down the coast and
away from the city. But it was never finished. It just stops. The
trouble with projects like these they take time and trouble to build.
the City just keeps growing day after day. It is my job to try and
keep the traffic moving because the volumes that we have in mourned by,
both of the population and vehicle numbers, it is enormous. We have
450 vehicles being registered every day - each day. What is it like the
traffic in a city like this. I went for a ride with a journalist who
drives for a living. On a daily basis, it is like hopscotch in on a
minefield. Honestly, it is not just the traffic, it is the road users.
Everybody seems to abuse the road. You have bicycles, Voss cards, or
all kinds of things which are all over the place. -- oxcarts. It is
never a mechanical process and just to drive. It is quite a challenge.
He drives a Tata Nano, a small car designed especially for the Indian
market. But young people prefer something rather larger. For the
love affair with cars in India is very much on the increase, unlike
in the West where it is winning. People are still very much... Let's
say, they laugh cars, they're very aspirational. Over here people
think it is very cool. In the West, it is not politically correct to
find something like that. That kind of thinking or mindset has not
quite reached over here. That is one city. The truth is, Mumbai's
problems are far from unique. Around the world, from Sao Paolo to
Shanghai, cities are getting bigger and bigger and the challenge of
keeping traffic moving is getting harder. In Boston, I came to find
out exactly what technology can offer to help the gridlock in their
megacities of the future. Some of the most original reiginal reiginal
could change the way we think about it, he's been done up at the MIT.
I'm here to make Kent Larsen, a renowned expert of city living.
picked a beautiful day. Let's go see what we're doing. If Rakhine
see what we're doing. If Rakhine can fold, he can drop down, and get
into a submissive posture. -- if a car. He says that the cities are
being built around the car. In the past, most of the things could be
found within walking distance but not any more. In most of the new
cities, it is the opposite model. The idea is to separate all the
functions. Would housing over here, commercial and a here, build a
shopping centre here and can make everything with the roadway. Allow
anybody who wants it can't have one and make sure there is enough
parking when people get there. That works in a relatively small area on
a suburban model but when you get to these mega CDs, with tens of
millions of people, it is completely unsustainable. --
megacity. One thing I hate about driving in the City is that some
point you have to find some way to pint you can never find space. The
guys at MIT think they may have come up with a solution which could
make that easier. What makes it special lies in the wheels. This is
it - a small futuristic folding car with unique features in its design.
The length of that vehicle is the with of the conventional car. It
allows you to go nose into the curve in a parallel parking
scenario seeking get three 1/2 in the space of a conventional car. If
you're introducing a fleet, it is a huge advantage in CD were parking
is limited - to have free pass because available to you. -- three
plus. This is an exhibition were put together. Over here, we have
the city car itself. This is a model. We would have to shrink
people down 50%. This is a half scale model. It is a fully
functional electric with the verdict will. And that gives us an
idea of what it looks like. We have basically the chassis of it. It is
a party piece that does the secret to the whole thing. This is the
robot will. Steering, braking, or incorporated into one more draw. We
are able to control each and we all. For example this will can turn. It
allows for is the parallel parking. It also allows us to have an
manoeuvrable the Costa Rican fold it. Even somebody like me, who does
not part very well it should be a snap? It should be a snap.You
might think that sounds a bit futuristic and out of the realm of
science fiction but have a look at this - it is called the Aggreko
fold -- Hiriko. It does exactly what it says on the tin. It has no
side doors so you are going to show me how to get in and out of it?
Through the front door. This is something new. For the security and
everything, you can go inside, police, get inside. It is like
being in a fighter plane. This is something that theoretically, now
we can close the door, and at first, we have to take and the charging
cable. And we close the Canonbie and we are clear for take-off.
we are clear for take-off. -- canopy. This car does not do
absolutely everything that the MIT imagine. Something had been
sacrificed because regulators will not allow them or because of cost.
The selling point is unique. will be like a taxi without the
driver. You will be the driver. You only pay for the minutes of for the
time that you want to have it in your possession. When you finish,
and if you arrive, to be a target, you finish the contract and you are
free. I know you have a very unusual marketing? Do not buy this
car. Pay only for the usage. this is no pipe dream. The Hiriko
is going into production. This is the completed prototype. Over here,
you have cars in various stages of completion. This is where you going
to be building the production models? Yes. They will hit the
streets of Berlin later this year. Other cities are also looking at it.
For the rain car-sharing programmes. How many models to thank you will
be able to produce in a day? target is to have five units per
day. A good way to beat traffic jams already exists and it is
pretty popular in cities like Mumbai - it is called a motorbike.
The trouble is, it is not everybody's cup of tea. If you're
out in the open, exposed to the fumes, it can be dangers as well.
In San Francisco, mechanics hope to solve these problems. In California,
there is a rich tradition of gigs in garages building multi-million-
dollar businesses. Its inventor things this slick to Willa could be
the next big thing. This is the future of transportation. My first
question theories, is it a car or a bike? It is both. It is the best of
both worlds. We take the romance and efficiency of a motorcycle and
we combine that with the safety of a motor-car. It is a new class of
vehicle. You drive like a car but it means like a motorcycle. It is
absolutely phenomenal. That is the point. It cannot four-over?
Absolutely not. It is very, very say. You need a baby elephant to
knock it over. It is electric?All- electric, to wheel drive. The 0 to
60 in about six seconds. It runs on batteries. How far can this go on a
single charge? We are looking at single charge? We are looking at
around 200 miles per charge. The future has to be fine. The steel
platform allows it to happen. -- this little platform. What kind of
market? What could do? And this is market? What could do? And this is
a vehicle for the masses. My ultimate go?I ? ultimate go?
impact in the transportation world. And this could be very applicable
And this could be very applicable And this could be very applicable
UK. It comes down to whether the public accepts this as the next
form of transportation and it form of transportation and it
Apology for the loss of subtitles for 81 seconds
look at thi?I ? look at thitwo We can make cars a lot smaller and
feed more than one he wrote. On its own, that will not solve the
problems of congestion or cut pollution. It is increasingly
becoming clear that future cars will behave more like robots, but
by computers. For that reason, a lot of the ground-breaking research
being carried out is not being done in the traditional homeland water
industry like in Stuttgart but in California. -- automobile industry.
Leading the way, Stanford University in the heart of Silicon
Valley. This car was built to test computerised systems, meant to help
the human driver. It feels different. All it wigeon if you
have from a normal car translate very well. -- intuition. You are
not driving the card the moment. The computer is. It is technically
applying all of it. The same thing is occurring growth the drive
motors. We have a big electric motor powering the vehicle. We have
a sensor on the accelerator and Pottle. -- a celebrating pedal
force we have packed the vehicle for all of capabilities. And they
are excited to see whether it takes us. The heart of it is a computer.
Yes. That is the single will have to get used to in the future. You
may have a steering wheel in your hand but it is the computer doing
the work. Yes. What is cool about her that is the computer can
respond more quickly than a human drama ever could. This machine
still needs a human at the wheel. But the university has also
developed cars that can do without a drive altogether. Sven Beiker is
head of the research centre at Stanford. He thinks there are
things that computers can simply do better. We are very good at
understanding a situation. We are not good at controlling a vehicle.
It is just the speed and distance of the car in front of me, we
believe if we automate much of that, we can come to a smoother traffic
flow. And less congestion. Computers can do it better? Yes.
That is our true belief. If you look at a highway at peak were
traffic, only about 20-put 5% of the surface area of the highway is
occupied the cause. The rest is the safety model. You should use it.
But the computer might use a different safety model because it
is faster. We could fit more cars on the road, reducing congestion.
The big names in the motor industry are helping and replacing the human
driver. Some have already produced their own driverless cars. Working
out how best to use them is far from simple. How do those it
vehicles interact with humans? Let us be honest. I'm pretty much sure
that we have gone over the speed limit. We thought, you know what?
Sure. I should not have parked here but it is for two seconds. How does
an automated vehicle deal with that? It has to follow the laws
exactly. It may not have the concept of others being more
creative. It might mean that an automated vehicle may be slow were
in traffic. Hard as everyone else respond to that? There are
challenges on human side and legal side. What happens if something
goes wrong? That is where work is happening. Many questions to be
answered that are not technologically based. Google is at
the forefront of driverless car research. This is how it sees the
world. It can track moving Objects and react to objects around them
but not in the same way that we do. This is not a forecast. This is
happening already. We have enough robotic cars on highways in a
Silicon Valley. They actually get in the way. How do you tell a
Google robotic car on the highway that it is the only car driving the
speed limit and using the civil? Professors also have to get to
class. More than once, I have been on my way racing to class on campus.
I got stuck bid. -- behind the Don googled rebutted car. This
revolution is helping us. How will pure beings react been surrounded
by soft driving machines? Will they dare crossing the road is it means
walking in front of the car without any driver? Back at MIT in Boston,
they are working on that problem. Coming up with some remarkable
solutions. Before I try and cross the road, she should see it? Yes.
Hello, is the tough. She is looking at me. Before across the road, she
is following me. -- Evita are. is also safer you to walk. The idea
behind this is that you can relate to the car as if it were human?
Exactly. We tried different strategies. This is the autonomous
testing a rate. The contest different things. The people's art
dilated. The eyeballs are tracking you. It is making contact. There is
directed audio. It can through and the city at you. A message for you
to cross. There was have LED likes that change colour as you approach.
You could have a winners and proximity. Putting this together, a
self driving car that Ford's up and interacts with you and looks at you,
is it a car or something different? It is an electronic vehicle. It is
not a car. It is not a conventional car. It is a new type of connected,
intelligent, aware, mobility mode. By making cars intelligent and
releasing them from human control, we should be able to fit more on
the road. That could reduce congestion. Tailoring the
technology to a city like Mumbai is a formidable challenge. Robot cars
as you say are probably decide to work in a place where there is a
certain order. I do not know how those cars will react if you had a
motorcyclist coming down the wrong way directly at you. I did think it
would be programmed to factor in that sort of situation. It is just
a bit too crazy on the roads over here. We have looked at ways to cut
congestion. What about pollution? Petrol or diesel power may one day
become socially unacceptable. Otherwise, the fumes from millions
of cars may slowly choke us all with smog. The electric cars would
be cleaner. Generally speaking, people do not like them. They are
widely seen as slow, impractical and dull. What about this? This car
runs on batteries. It has been designed as a high-speed test for
Anna to cast technology. We have to knowledge is which represent the
today. We have a carbon x a skeleton inside of which we have
the batteries, on top of it, the computer which controls the car,
and inside there, four electric motors developed by Oxford
University, probably the world's debt and a trip motor today. It is
driving the high and wheels, producing a total of 850 horsepower.
-- kind of deals. I believe we do see this car racing on a track, it
is shouting at you. This is what the future can be like. It is
really cool. We should not be frightened of that future. We have
to embrace it. We have this sort difficult engineering and science
problems to get there. But engineering, being what it is, if
we commit ourselves, we can do it. We can have it could perfect
combination. The lifestyle that we want without damaging the planet in
which we have done up to now. all about lifestyle. There is no
point in developing new technology is nobody wants to use them. Some
experts believe that he did well as around the world are ready to
reject old-fashioned ideas about car ownership and a brace this
brave new world of shiny miniature electric powered machines that
nobody actually owns. -- embrace. We are all at collectively coming
to the conclusion that owning a car is quite mad. This thing cost tens
of thousands of dollars. Even one heavily used, it sits for 83 art of
good for hours every day unused. You have to pay for repairs and
parking in the city. Would it not be so much nicer if you had a car
when you need it and it would simply disappear when you did not?
That is the kind of world we may be headed towards. Whether we own cars
or rent them by the hour, Samoa have to manufacture them. Many of
the biggest car companies are working hard to find moderns
ablutions of the problem of gridlock. -- solutions. Henry
Ford's great grandson wants to continue that tradition. I look at
the history of our company. My great-grandfather talk -- brought
the freedom of my ability to the average person. That was a great
thing for the world. As I look forward, I would like to
reinterpret that vision and bring the freedom of an ability to
everyone in the world once again included people who live in large
urban areas. -- mobility. It takes a leap of faith. Universities are
taking hold in a modern city like Mumbai. That alone like a mega
metropolis of the future. Getting rid of the traffic jams without the
cars was ever going to be easy. Certainly, says the new colleges
can make a difference. What works well in Europe or America may not
be practical or affordable in other countries. Anyway, that us be