UK wildlife series. Michaela Strachan joins Chris Packham and Martin Hughes-Games in sharing their experiences in the Wye Valley with wild boar, swarming bats and the wild harvest.
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. The swallows have gone to Africa. . The swallows have gone to Africa.
I can hear the Russell of a wood louse over there. It is the season
of mists and mellow fruit. There is something new around, what is it?
The smell of The smell of something new. The
swallows may have gone but I am here to keep these buys no check for this
year's Autumnwatch Live. SNP. Es s?
Hello and welcome to Autumnwatch Hello and welcome to Autumnwatch
Live 2011. I don't know about you gits, I am excited about this
series. We have eight weeks, we will be spreading ourselves all
the country and our objective as usual is to bring you the very best
of British wildlife at this time of year. We have great things in
bag. We have also, Martin, got a brands new rose in town. I can hug
brands new rose in town. I can hug strak stack whenever I want to. I am
already worried. I know that is not usually this
is not usually this nice, he is easing me in. It will go down. You
easing me in. It will go down. You have been on the programme for 40
seconds and insulted me. We have to explain where we are just
off, we have come to a place we think is the best to bring you the
start of autumn, the National Arboretum in Gloucestershire, an
extraordinary place. 240 hectares, 16,000 trees here, and more than
3,000 different species. I can tell you that 2000 of those are the
exotic maims, which are famed for turning reds in the autumn. Of
course, we will have our eyes on the natives, we will look at the
fantastic spread of colour will which burst here. I love the burst.
I have to say this is for me a really gorgeous place to start
Autumnwatch. I find it romantic, I find autumn romantic with the
changing colours of the leaves, the reds and all that testosterone of
the deer, the rutting deer, the spawning salmon. Steady. Take it
easy. Have you signed the contract. You are jealous you can't compete
with spawning salmon and rutting deer. What I do like about autumn is
the cozy at night-times. For the next eight weeks on Friday
live, I will be getting cozy with these boys. What more could a
want? Chocolates? I was thinking the same. Mussel, wealth, intelligence.
Fortunately, it is not just about Friday nights. All week the
will be out and about to bring the best of British wildlife in the
autumn, all the drama that the season brings. We will feature
places throughout the UK that we think are special, from Exmoor to
Anglesey to the Caledonian forests. It is not just the three of us, we
have special guest have special guest presenters as
well. This autumn, we will
This autumn, we will be visiting This autumn, we will be visiting
some of the most iconic wild places, to bring you the very best of the
season's wildlife. We will be joining familiar faces, sharing wild
And we say hello to new faces and And we say hello to new faces and
Sit back, relax and enjoy watching Sit back, relax and enjoy watching
But of course Autumnwatch crucially But of course Autumnwatch crucially
Sit back, relax is about you. We need to hear from
you. It is your programme. So get in contact with us, if you can. What a
strange summer it has been. It very, very cold, the coldest summer
since 1993. Then we had that blazing ends to it, boiling hot. Must have
had bizarre effects on our wildlife, my garden was aflame with
butterflies. Aflame. That is talk we like on Autumnwatch. Let us
know what you have been seeing in your garden, you have been getting
in contact. . They have seen bunting and waxwing. He is excited already.
I would like to say that. And. There are ladybirds and a humming bird,
quite late. And the hedgehogs have been eating him out of house and
home, they will fatten up for winter. Keep that stuff coming in,
Hold on. Let's keep the Post Office Hold on. Let's keep the Post Office
in business. You could write a letter. Get an envelope and put
stamp on it. I like real letters. Or you could get a pigeon and attach
the letter to the pigeon. Or a cleft stick with a runner. Moving on, I
think it is official. Autumnwatch Live has started. As we
we have been out and about, we started at the beginning of this
week in the glorious weather. We went to a very beautiful part of
What better place to explore the What better place to explore the
autumn season than the for et Dean and the Wye Valley.
Nestling on the border of England Nestling on the border of England
and Wales, this place is not only famed for its iconic scenery
look at that, but also for its great diversity of rich habitats.
This is the River Wye, 130 miles This is the River Wye, 130 miles
wrong, which makes it Britain's fifth longest river. And it is
teeming with wildlife, we have kingfishers, otters and it is the
life-blood of the forest that surrounds it.
Right now in autumn is one of the Right now in autumn is one of the
best times to explore the woods, from the canopy to the forest floor,
it is home to more wildlife than any other habitat in the UK.
We did find some little gems in the We did find some little gems in the
Wye Valley. It was such a beautiful couple of days to be there. We
looked for slightly different things. I went looking for a rather
unusual mammal that had I lived in mediaeval times would have been
to spot. It disappeared, it has come back to the delight of most people,
but it has caused a lot of controversy. I will be finding out
about that. I didn't need ex-mediaeval ma'am apples, I needed
what Michaela found in an old tree. It was just as exciting. That
coming up later in the show. I had a strange, mysterious nocturnal
encounter with one of my favourite animals right here in the Wye
Have you ever heard the term SSSI, Have you ever heard the term SSSI,
site of special scientific interest. And the smallest site of special
scientific interest in England is right there. So the question is:
What could possibly be inside that building to make it so special?
I am about to find out from the man I am about to find out from the man
responsible for making this a protected site in the first place.
David is a licensed expert, he will keep a careful eye on everything we
are about to do. There are
We will leave them sleeping. Right. We will leave them sleeping. Right.
Let's reveal what they are, these are lesser horseshoe bats.
Excellent. Correct. Autumn is the last chance to see lesser horseshoe
bats, soon, them disperse and disappear into their winter
hibernation sites. Tonight, we will use an array of technology to see
and hear the bats as they emerge. This is fascinating. They
starting to wake up. They are. They are doing their equivalent of
morning abluinges. He is having a good scratch. They will have a good
cleanup. Yes. Why are they called horseshoe bats. That is interesting.
Instead of through the mouth, they hum them through the nose. In order
to get a concentrated beam they have the weird horseshoe shaped
nose leaf. You can see it there. On the nose leaf, yes you can.
That one there has a hole in its That one there has a hole in its
wing. He stretched out. Yes. Can they repair that? They can, yes. It
heals quickly. And amazingly, with virtually no scar tissue. It fades
David, there is a lot more active David, there is a lot more active
now, etc getting darker. They are moving around, everyone is awake.
They will fly around in the to the building to see how dark it
is, only when it is dark enough will they venture out and go into the
night to feed on insects. Shall we go down? Yes. A lot of activity now.
David and our bat detectors. They David and our bat detectors. They
will hiss but this will bring the bat echo location into our hearing
change. These bats make the most extraordinary sound. (bat sounds).
It is the X Files, isn't it? That is It is the X Files, isn't it? That is
the normal flight route. Straight past us into the woods.
I think that one went through our I think that one went through our
legs. Very agile flyers, I have seen one fly under an inch and a half gap
under a door with a level floor. That is good. The sound sick
purchase is so accurate, they can fly in between bushes, trees and
pick a spider off a leaf. Yes. They can twist and turn through the
twigs. They will fly knew these trees without slowing down, right
How many do you think there are in How many do you think there are in
the roost at the moment? At the peak in July, including babies, 739
year. 739. Why is this area in Wye Valley so good for these bats? I
think it is just got the right combination for them. It is fairly
mild still, a lot of woodland they like. And it is less
intensively farmed. Basically, all that builds up to lots of insects
Let's be quiet for a moment and Let's be quiet for a moment and
listen to this extraordinary sound. (bat sounds).
Thank you for to date my top autumn Thank you for to date my top autumn
Thank you for to date my top autumn I tell you what, Martin, it is not
I tell you what, Martin, it is not I tell you what, Martin, it is not
Thank you for unusual for bats to be active
at this time of year, if it is like this. Because like those who
are shoes, many will move to winter roosts. It is worth thinking
about, if you are walking back from the pub, depending which time
to the pub. There will be bat activity if it is warm for the
foreseeable future. We have just asked you to get in contact with us.
And you have. On Twitter says: An owl calling on Autumnwatch. We heard
it. Tawny owl. Right. Bats again, you can, get a bat detector. It
massively enhances your enjoyment, some of them are expensive of the
but anything from �30 to 300 for the fancy ones. They are brilliant. They
bring the bats' worlds into our world. They are fabulous. Plug over.
What fw the bats you encountered, they are extraordinary. One could
say they were grimly fiendish. This picture taken by the guy I was with,
you can properly see that bizarre looking horse sloo face. Isn't that
weird? They emit that sound through it. It comes out through their
noses, not through their mouths. We have had all day you could think
about emiting that sound. You produced a sound that is more akin
to a cow than a bat. Let me move on. I have commissioned something
special here. This is a facsimile of the - make sure you get a perfect
shot. I am pleased with this, it neat, neat. This was made by a
wonderful researcher. This is the bat's nose showing the architecture.
What this is about, as you know, is about projecting a cone of sound
forward from the nose so it will bounce back from the objects the
bats encounter and be received in their ears. This is what this
leaf-like structure is about, shaping a cone of sound. What a
triumph of evolution and modelling clay this is. Are you sure that is a
bat's nose? It looks donlg to me. Dodge? A bit of a worry. Going
to the photograph, the photograph of the bat, that looks like a player in
the Rugby World Cup in New Zealand. That has been smacked in the face.
Look at that nose. Can she stay? Only a mother could love. We follow
the beautiful game. I can't believe inthe one talking about rugby, my
partner would be proud. Something people are talking about, mind you,
it is a British pasttime to be talking about the weather, it is
this extraordinary weather we had this week. We started off this
week in t-shirts. It was beautiful, glorious sunny weather. We had a
record temperature for October in Cambridge, 29.
Cambridge, 29.3C. Now it is turned into autumn, this is what you would
expect. How does that affect the wildlife. We have monitored it, the
cameramen got these pictures. is a species that over winters as an
adult. What you can see it doing, along with this is topping up on
late summer nectar, to they have enough reserves to
through the hibernation period. soon as it gets nasty, they
hibernate. We saw large dragonflies. Look at this, an adder basking.
Depending on the weather, this can be unusual. They will be thinking
about moving under ground to hibernate. Can I say something about
adders. I think this last letters burst of warm weather may have been
a huge benefit to our adders. I found out that adders eat between 7
and 9 approximately mice or voles per year. Not very many. It takes
them ten to 14 days to digest that. They are thinking about going into
hibernation now. They cannot start to hibernate with a halfdy jerted
mouse in their stomaches. Who can. Terrible wind. This burst of
might have raised their metabolism and digest that last mouse. They
hibernate earlier. With a full stomach to see them through the
winter. Adders are in trouble. I guess this discussion about the
weather throws out the question what is in autumn and when does it
start? Martin, what would you say? I would say the 1 October. I would say
21 September, the equinox. There is no conSeine us. I have to ask, what
Just look at this, there can't be a Just look at this, there can't be a
finer place anywhere in the lands to answer this question. Than
National Arboretum. Complete the collection of exotic trees,
including these acer species North America and Asia.
the ones famed for having their leaves turn red during this season.
Autumn, what in a word? We used to call this harvest before we moved
into towns and took up the French autumn. Then the Americans call it
the fall. Not for the falling leaves actually but because it comes from
the old Norse, to fall from a great height, meaning the change in
seasons. That of course is what autumn is all about, the season
between summer and winter. It is governed by the astronomical
exknocks, in reality nature doesn't listen. We enjoy thermal lag,
basically, the ground warms up it delays all of the changes that we
equate to that season. Of course, one of the joys of autumn no autumn
is like the other, we is like the other, we get a new one.
Some people think autumn might be early on account of the dry spring.
If you have looked at horse chestnuts, they are yellow earlier.
That is likely to be due to that spring, perhaps the insidious leaf
bug. Other trees, we will be carefully monitoring the turn in
colour here at the National Arboretum. Stay tuned to see when
I feel that answered the question. I feel that answered the question.
Thank you very much, we now know. Good. Now, if you remember
springwatch, one of springwatch, one of the highlights
for me was our ospreys. We joined forces with the project. They put a
camera in an osprey's nest. Let's remind ourselves what it looked
For the first time in hundreds of For the first time in hundreds of
years, a pair of ospreys bred on the estuary in west Wales. Nora, the
play, had three eggs, all of them hatched out. It was great
at the as tray project, which is down the road from where we were.
far as anyone knows, there are three breeding pairs in the whole country.
That makes these chicks very important for the recovery of the
osprey in Wales. When we left at the end of Springwatch the
were less than two weeks old, tiny things crouched in the nest, reliant
on on their parents, Monty and Nora.
We couldn't just leave those chicks We couldn't just leave those chicks
all alone, we wanted to find out we could what happened to them next
in their lives. They are not going to stay in Wales, they will
undertake a migration. How are going to do that? We had to get in
contact with someone very special to fit satellite trackers on them. This
would not be easy. We called the when it comes to ospreys. He will be
embarrassed by me, he is a legend. Some people call him the Clint
Eastwood. He has the right haircut. It is more about his attitude, they
acconservationist who gets things done. He is a ledge jemdz.
Brilliant. Roy Dennis is the man with a licence to fit these
satellite trackers to ospreys. One other thing, when he started his
work, if I got in right, there was one osprey nest in the UK, now 250.
That is in part. A testament to his work. OK. He agreed to join us. Roy
takes up the story in his takes up the story in his own words.
The big day was planned very The big day was planned very
carefully. It was the first time anyone had approached the nest since
the chicks hatched. Mum, Nora, flew high above us calling out to her
chicks. She was keeping a very close eye on what we were up to. The
osprey project team and I had to get everything just right. We have three
birds, great that they were fed on fresh food. The weather is perfect.
Excellent opportunity to do it. The timing was crucial, the chicks
to be exactly the right to be exactly the right size so
their satellite tags would fit. They are a good size but still have
growth in the tail and wings. We ringed all three chicks to give
a unique ID. That is a 99 on there. These rings will help us identify
the individual chicks by sight. it was time tort more important
of the day, fitting each chick with its own satellite transmitter. These
have a solar panel. They take a GPS reading every hour of daylight. If
the bird is flying, they give the speed of the night, direction of
night and the altitude the flying. They tell us a lot of
information. Each sat lie tag wares just 30 grams. The same as a packet
of crisps. I will sew these together with pure cotton. Assix or
years, the cotton rots. Then the raid yok can fall off. Having the
birds outof the nest like that was a rare opportunity to see them up
close. This is the last one, this is the female. It is heavily
on the front of each weather. they are adult, the females are much
more heavily streaked males. The other noticable thing is
the juvenile eyes are oaker. When the adult is full, the adult eyes
are yellow. Tremendous change. These are our three chicks. How will
When will they set off on their When will they set off on their
migration? Will all three of them make it safely to west Africa?
will be exciting following them on their autumn migration. That is a
really good brood, two males and female, excellent type for ringing
and tagging them, fully grown, not ready to fly, another week or so
before they nigh. They are back into the nest, laying down, we
go away, and the female should be back within ten minutes, quarter of
an hour. The rain held off, it wasn't windy, perfect conditions. I
That was fantastic. Roy said she That was fantastic. Roy said she
should be back in ten mitts, she was back in eight minutes. Everybody
safe. No problems. Got the expert atz work. Look, I have one of the
transmitters, this is one of the ones we are using, 30 grams as
has said. This is very exciting times for us to live. Whilst a lot
of birds are in troubling, we are able to learn so much more about
them, so much more quickly. Ten years ago, we wouldn't have been
able to do this. This would have been the size of a double-decker
bus, way too heavy for an osprey. It wares the same as 211,
wares the same as 211,666 packets of crisps. What flavour, Chris? Smoky
trout. We will continue to osprey story later on. Now, Michaela. Do
you what I love is they reintroduced themselves into Wales. Normally,
when we talk about reintroducing an animal into the UK, there is endless
forums and discussions and analysis that takes a couple of years, if you
are lucky, the animal will go back into the wild like the beavers.
There is a management plan in place. What happens When an animal escapes
into the wild? Thz what happened in the forest of Dean. Although the
escapeees are a great tourist attraction, they have also caused a
There is one animal that you might There is one animal that you might
be lucky enough to spot here in Forest of Dean, that you won't get a
chance to see in many UK. That is the wild boar.
Historically, the forest of Dean was a royal hunting ground. Wild boar
was so popular at mediaeval banquets, they were hunted to
extinction by the 13th century. The boar have reappeared in the forest,
by escaping from farms and illegal dumping. Their comeback has
controversy. They can overturn a lot of soil when they are feeding, this
digging is beneficial for the forest as it encourage new species,
understandably, isn't so popular in gardens and parks. Some people,
especially dog walkers, are worried about the boar being aggressive. But
the biggest concern is that they are prolific breeders, one sow can have
100 piglets. As the population grew, there was a public consultation, the
commission, who are responsible for managing the forest, introduced
cull. Ian Harvey needs to balance at the needs of the boar and people who
use the forest. The balance is to keep a low population in the forest,
not to eradicate them, hopefully away from the communities and the
centres of population, where people are living, so the interactions
where they are getting into gardens and causing problems are reduced.
Not everyone believes the boar are managed effectively. I am meeting
Alastair Frazier from the boar, who thinks the cull is no
longer necessary. I have a lot of sympathy with the force industry
commission. They don't there are, I don't
there are. What I do know, there aren't as many as there were. I
think we reaped the stage where we need a proper scientific
of the boar numbers. That is exactly what the commission are trying to
do. I am joining Ian on a boar census to get a better idea
many boar are living in the forest. Ian has a night scope he uses for
Can you see them. Yes. On the bank Can you see them. Yes. On the bank
That is the coolest thing. I can see That is the coolest thing. I can see
three of them, is that what you saw? Three. What sort of age
is it difficult to tell? Looking at the body size and shape, about six
to eight months. Why do you have to do this census at night? It
difficult. Without this, you see them. No. That is right. It
gives us a better chance of seeing a true reflection on the number of
animals because they are nocturnal in their feeding patterns. They come
out and feed through the night and lay back up in thick cover in the
day. When they first were released, they were much tamer? Yes. They have
become shier and nocturnal. That is right. They were
people, they came from a boar farm. In a natural state, they are more
nocturnal and wary. Before we out tonight, I did think
they have a vague idea of how there are. I see the problem. This
is guesstimate stuff? It is the first time woe carried out, the more
frequently we do it, the more accurate it becomes. Will these
three stay for hours. It is fallen acorns which are nutritious, a
of energy. If they are happy, they will feed until they push on
feed on something else or they have had enough. Very cool to see them. I
I would like to explain something, I would like to explain something,
Martin and Chris. Because that film makes me look half blind. You can
see me looking at the boar. But it was actually pitch black. Unless you
use the scope or at the special its camera equipment, you couldn't see
You are a fine one to talk. Joking You are a fine one to talk. Joking
aside, there is something important to say. Boar can be a great asset to
the environment. When it comes to woodland, what they do is smash it
up literally. Their eco-system engineers. What they are doing
turning over the soil and one thing this does is allows the seed bank,
all of those seeds left in the soy, which are perfectly able to become
active, to germinate, seeds that might have been there for 50 years.
If they do it over a wide area, you get new plants growing. They clear
away the Bracken and the bramble all of this increases the
biodiversity. If you get more species of plant, you get more
species of insect and then birds everything else. Boar can be a great
enhancement to woodland. Another crucial point, they are indigenous,
not an invasive species fmtdz they are set to be here. They are
controversial. What concerns of the boar is if there is
be a cull, you need to know how many boar are there? That is a crucial
question and secondly, when would you cull? You don't want to cull
sows when they have piglets. I personally have a suspicion we are
zoophobic, we are fine with cuddly animals, when they are big and
fierce and can't control them, we don't like them. That is just me. We
don't live withmy large predators, the only country that doesn't have
any large predators. Do you think we are intolerant? We are used to
living outthem. You are right. We have our own opinions. It is not our
opinions that count on this. We want to know what you think, what are
your views and get a discussion going on our blog. Check out our
website and let us know what you think. Where did he go? He
the boar is chasing him. Look at him. I haven't seen him go so fast.
We have talked as boars as foragers. He is not a hairy boar, he is a
hairy bringsly Andy. Sorry for that intro. Andy will prepare something
from things he found around here, in the wild. In the wild. It smells
strange. Gorgeous. We will find out more about this later on. Smells
like booze. Back to Chris Michaela.
I feel Sendentory. Have you had Andy's delights? Put it this way,
I had cons pace - I couldn't get the words out. It would have solved the
problem. Was it a natural enema. Public enemy. Chris doesn't like
surprises, I found something a little special that I wanted to keep
as a surprise for him. I think, Chris, you weren't disappointed. It
Start looking up and tell me what Start looking up and tell me what
you can see. Trees. Look around. A wonderful dead tree. What is
wonderful dead tree. What wonderful dead tree. What is in it?
I can't believe you can't see it. Can't you see? Wow. One of my
favourite animals. Hornetss,. They are going strong. Look at that
gorgeous nest. The interesting thing once one has a role like the
century, it does that every day. It does that one thing. That animal
there poised, waiting to see if anything intrudes, if it does, it
will investigate, if it thinks it a threat, it will warn it first by
head butting. We are very safe here. Because these insects cannot sting
you. They won't say sting unless you move. If I were to go up to the nest
slowly, coy stick my nose into it, they don't like mammal breath. They
probably equate it to a bear. You can get close and the guards will be
like this. Then if you go like in with your arm, them immediately
sting you. They are easy to live with, you have to be passive,
out of their way. Looking at the nest, it is almost a paper bark
nest. That is chewed up old wood and saliva. . Yes. They chew specific
wood of the right dense at this. They will put their saliva with it,
if they are thirsty, they will have a drink and go out with water
land on the wood, turn it into a pulp and lay it down in these
delicate ribbons. The purpose of that is to twofold, it is to protect
the comb inside. It is principally about thermal regulation, to keep
the comb at the optimum for the development of the young, to
keep it kooltd awarm. Sometimes if it gets hot, you will see the
animals around the outside fanning with their wings to ventilate
nest. Are you impressed? You didn't think it would be hornets. I thought
you found funghi or something. An impressive top of the food chain
insect predator, a terminator. loves them.
You see that was a little surprise You see that was a little surprise
gem for you in the woods. Started so well. You have led me astray in the
woods, now we have had fun in the bushes. It is getting worse. Going
back to the hornets, which we should, is it normal to see hornets
that late? They are a larger insect than wasp. Critical is firstly
making sure all the males can the nest. They will hang about for a
couple of weeks. Then the Queens. The males will mate with them,
fertilise them, all the workers will die and the males. It will be the
Queens which will over winter and find somewhere to hibernate and go
into November sometimes. Look out for them. It was a treat. I
thoroughly enjoyed watching those hornets. Good stuff. I have been
corrected. Right at the thing, I said the swallows had gone. David on
Facebook said house Martens today. It is still summer, folks. Sorry. He
had his surprise, I am a surprise of my own in Autumnwatch.
I am going badger watching. With a difference. For the very
we will go live underground with badgers, not today, later on in the
week. Monday will start that. Are you sure? I am positive. Is it going
to work? Are you like a Womble that goes underground? I hope so. It is
bugged, it is bugged with cameras. Hopefully fantastic. That is not a
cultural point of reference. To another surprise, our cameramen,
whilst down to the forest of Dean, saw these birds. Cross bills, two of
them up there feeding on the cones. You can see a male regurgitating
food to a youngster. Using its cross bill to prise open to get the
out. The youngster is flickering, begging behaviour. Look at this,
look at the bird's bill. If it turns, you can see that it has
cross there. These crossing starts whilst they are in the nest.
the male, larger, much more formidable bill, matured for opening
cones. When they hatch, their bill is conventional, they begin to cross
in the nest. 50% of them cross to one side, 50% to the other side. The
reason is they open cones, therefore, from one side or another.
This means that half of the cross bills can feed on one side,
the other, you can have twice as many in the same place at the same
time. That is extraordinary. How do you know that? He is so clever. It
is a miracle of nature. As well as of those, there are other animals
storing up for the winter. Lots people do it, put on extra fat. For
animals, it is a crucial time to get thosecalries in. Where do they
for that special autumn meal? What do they get out of it? I think we
When it comes tots autumn harvest When it comes tots autumn harvest
for birds, there can't be richer pickings than our hedgerows. In
UK, we are lucky to have masses of them, fact, dp we lined them end
end, they would stretch 20 times around the planet. They are a rich
habitat. Replicating woodland edge, they can contain 600 different
species of plants and trees. Many of which produce fruit and berries. In
the wintertime, birds would do best by eating seeds and insects, the
trouble is they have to find them and handle them. Berries occur in
vast numbers and they are easy to spot. In one metre of a hedge like
this one, in a bumper year, you can find 10,000 berries. They are
to spot. Bright red against the green. What do the birds get out
them, energy and lots of it. In 100 grams of blackberries, 50 calories:
That is the birds get out of it? That is the birds get out of it?
What about the plants? What they are demonstrating is a fantastic example
of co-evolution. You see these plants have put energy and resources
into producing these berries. They have invested. What do they get?
Dispersal. The birds eat the berries, they digest them, but not
the seed inside. They fly many away, it passes through them to
germinate? Where where it is not in competition with the parent plant
and colonised a new area. It is win-win. As you shall ooh, in
science, we have a name for it, we call it:
How many calories in 100 grams of How many calories in 100 grams of
blackberries? 80. I don't know why I bother. I speak to farmers
be watching the programme, think about leaving your hedges to grow
into longer. If they don't frz the longer growth patterns in them, they
can't produce the frurtd for the birds. We shouldn't underestimate
how important hedges are, 80% of birds rely on hence for food and
shelter. Talking of shelter, we haven't been into the studio. Follow
me, Chris. You are excited about this. It is lush. It looks gorgeous.
It is all cozy. These windows looking out are fantastic. We have
our little cushions, leather sofa. Do you like it? Yes, OK. Understated
reaction. It is very, very posh. Way too posh for me. I can't get that
excited about domestic thingsment however, there are - aside from
getting food from hedgerows, other animals have different strategies.
One we saw in the Wye Valley was animals caching food. Here is a
vole, if you look, she picked up a beech nut. Look, rather eat it,
takes it away and hides it. Scirls are famous for caching. They bury
lots of acorns. They do mischievous things lie pretending to bury them.
Look at the wiggle. Bum wiggle that goes on. Cool. That is excellent. Of
course, people will see all this going on in their gardens and
woodlands. Look out for it, see if you see squirrel or the birds and
mammals getting their nuts. Or caching them in strange places.
Animals will cache them into flower pots. You never know. You might get
cache in the attic. Oh! Mind you, it would only be worth peanuts. Peanuts
to coffee apples, out with Martin. She gave it away. I would say
are you going to make? It are you going to make? It is toffee
apples. It is coffee with a twist. We are using sloes and things you
can collect. I don't know if you can see this. It is boiling away. This
one is ready to go. That is almost ready, sticky. You will roll the
apples in the coffee. To give the flavour, you have wide herbs and
things. It is the wild fruit which gives it colour. Depending on what
colours you colours you are using. I can't wait.
Chris, here is your helper. Coffee apples. He
apples. Chris, here is your helper. Coffee
April always. Right. It is time for the second instalment of the osprey
story. We have left Roy Dennis, who managed to put the satellite tags on
the osprey chicks. Over a month later, he went back to see how they
Throughout the summer, the chicks Throughout the summer, the chicks
were monitored at their nest site in west Wales. The project had their
cameras recording the birds' move. I was keen to find out how
they got on, at the end of met up with one of the staff at the
project who spent hours watching our family grow up. What we are seeing
is a selection of highlights to show you. They certainly developed into
individual characters, firstly, we have the elder male, blue ringed.
When it came to fledgling, he was more advanced. He was calm and did
very sensible flights, was quick explore the area more. The next one
down seemed a little more wet. Him and the little girl stayed in the
nest, were afraid to go. The of the three birds, she is very keen
on her food, it took her longer to fly. She got a reputation as a sit
around and eat a lot of kind of girl. It seems this is the confident
one. This is the anxious chick, a slow starter. And the
laidback one to sit and watch they are brothers tested
wings. All three chicks took to the air eventually, only after a lot of
practice. They were constantly doing what I call helicopter flying, build
up the flight muscles, which is concerningment you see them drifting
up and going off the screen and back down. They are worried they
make it. Then they finally go. Yes. Especially our baby girl. Being the
heaviest, it took her more effort to off the nest. She helicoptered up,
wasn't as controlled as the males and went over the edge. I think it
panicked her more than anything. She flew and landed on the ash tree and
sat there for half an hour before back to the nest. That is one of the
risks, if they fall in the vegetation, I have known ospreys
occupied the tree. A few days earlier, when we
earlier, when we panned down, there was a fox under the nest. They would
Once the young flenned, mum set off Once the young flenned, mum set off
on her migration, leaving dad in charge. It was up to him to make
sure his chicks were well fed, in the best possible condition for
This is a wonderful viewpoint This is a wonderful viewpoint
looking across the estuary. Yes. You can see dad is not having to go
far, the main part, which is he is getting their supply of food.
At this stage, even though they are fledged and not far away from a big
journey, our youngsters are be catching any fish for themselves.
They are reliant on a good supply of food from dad. This is a superb
habitat, you can see why your chicks are so good. It's deal to have such
easily accessible food is undoubtedly what led to all
going on successfully. It is no different to having a supermarket on
your doorstep. Our three chicks have had the best possible start to life
here in Wales. They will need They
They are about to undertake an extraordinary 3,000-mile journey all
the way to west Africa. Our studies show only half of ospreys survive
their first migration. In the next few days or next week, they will
head over those hills? That will a happy and sad occasion when we see
that. When we had the pair settle April, we never expected three eggs.
We never expected three to hatch. We never expected three to fledge.
Extremely pleased and proud. Qualitily, from will be that tinge
of sadness. We know the statistics, we know what a hard journey they
will have and have to prepare ourselves to let them go and
Such beautiful birds. Stunning. Such beautiful birds. Stunning.
Powerful birds, every step of their lives is fraught with danger from
now on. It has already. He said they will go down, fly south to Africa.
Whereabouts? What is your journey. I have
Map of journey, here is Scotland and Wales. We expect them to go across
the channel, some of them go around the coast of France, some cut across
the middle, many of them will nip across Spain to this area,
across Spain to this area,gy bral tar, across the Bay of Biscay. They
seem to work their way down the coast of Africa down here, Gambia,
great river system for them forage in. We know this because 2,
forage in. We know this because have been ringed in the UK, we only
had 145 recoveries ever. We will learn so much more about these
things now we have the satellites. Something strikes me, they have
feed on the way, find fish. They don't fatten up, they feed. Every
day. We know only half of them will survive. We are going to be able to
follow every step of their journey. Very exciting.
We think the weather is important to us, just think what it must be
like for the osprey chicks flying thousands of kilometres. If there is
a dramatic change, it is a matter of life of death, not just can we have
a nice day out on Sunday. To find out what the weather holds for us
and the wildlife who has to battle, let's go live to the BBC weather
stenter. Is it going to stay autumnal or summer?
Hello. I love your studio, it is better than mine. It is going to
change a lot over the next few days, my advice is if you are heading
this weekend, leave it until Sunday when it is warmer. This weekend sees
a lot of cloud heading our way, a freshening breeze. As far as rain,
Saturday is mainly in the west, Northern Ireland and western
Scotland. Eastern areas, dry but not much sunshine and really cold.
We have this chunk of cold air in We have this chunk of cold air in
the east on Saturday. There is warmer air in the west. That pushes
eastwards overnight, into Sunday. you are badger watching, you
notice the rise in temperature. You will notice a stronger wind
Sunday. We have rain to come towards the northwest, most other areas will
be dry. We will be warmer, noticeably so in the southeast,
sunshine and temperatures hitting 20 or 21C. Of course, it is no
heatwave. It seems if you want to see an adder
go on Sunday. They will keep their heads down on the Saturday. When it
comes to wildlife and weather, one thing we are interested in is what
thing we are interested in is what the winds are doing. Can you tell us
about that? It is about the wind direction. Let
me take you back to last weekend. We had this southerly wind bringing the
record temperatures from North Africa, I understand it brought
insects, some of which we wouldn't find on our shores. The last few
days has seen the wind direction switching, much colder. The wind has
been particularly strong, so much so the conquer championships had to be
cancelled. This weekends see sees a westerly wind, it won't be strong on
Saturday but a stronger wind if you are heading out during the course of
Sunday. What impact that has on the wildlife and bird, you can tell
Chris. Thanks for accurate information. I
tell you what happens in terms of wildlife. Darren mentioned the
warmer weather at the the week. We had these crimson
footmen from Africa, the moths. A few of those appeared as is becoming
typical, we also had glossy ibis coming from southern Europe, some
have appeared in the UK. The infamous - I will leave it down
there, the infamous magnetic map has failed. With an unsticky ibis.
Hoping for more traction, from up north, the winds will be blowing
birds from Iceland. We can expect Hooper swans into the northwest.
Along with grey legged gOes and pink footed geese, staying in this area,
a few might push south. Next week, I promise you no slippage.
I am getting over the fact that the I am getting over the fact that the
conker championships were cancelled. They look fantastic. Help
yourselves. Will this gum my together? I cannot get through that.
I thought Roman and now I have a toffee apple. Doubling as a mallet.
Your recipes are on the website. This is on at the website.
I am try that later on. Cheers. I am try that later on. Cheers.
I hand you that? I don't know to do with it? We are coming
the end of the programme. I would like to show the photographs we have
had sent in to our Flickr site. at this super photograph of a red
squirrel, taken by Highland Andy. We had this red deer stag.
That is a Roman take photo. I love That is a Roman take photo. I love
Tell us about this one. This is Tell us about this one. This is
That is a something I did earlier, a few days
ago. This is what my six-year-old and I did with these leaves. It is a
butterfly. If you fan at this yourself as a Michaela Strachan,
take your photographs of badly crafted butter nice. We would
to see them. You have upset a six-year-old now. We are coming to
the ends of the show, we will be back next week. We will be back for
back next week. We will be back Autumnwatch Unsprung. And where are
we going? We are spending to Spurn Point. It is a wild and wind swept
place but fantastic for migrating birds. We are hoping to find plenty
down there. Amazing looking spot. will be a tempting to go underground
with the badgers. Will they turn up? Will our cameras work? I am hopeful
this year, I think they will. We have extraordinary views of one of
the most exciting migrants, salmon, with Charlie Hamilton-James. Stay
Autumnwatch returns for an eight week celebration of UK wildlife.
New presenter Michaela Strachan joins Chris Packham and Martin Hughes-Games, broadcasting live from the National Arboretum at Westonbirt. They'll be sharing their adventures from the previous few days.
This week, their journey takes them to the spectacular Wye Valley, on the trail of wild boar, swarming bats, and autumn's wild harvest. Meanwhile, guest presenter and naturalist Roy Dennis is following the perilous migration of the Springwatch osprey chicks as they leave our shores and head for Africa.