Episode 1 Autumnwatch

Episode 1

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. The swallows have gone to Africa. . The swallows have gone to Africa.


I can hear the Russell of a wood louse over there. It is the season


of mists and mellow fruit. There is something new around, what is it?


The smell of The smell of something new. The


swallows may have gone but I am here to keep these buys no check for this


year's Autumnwatch Live. SNP. Es s?


Hello and welcome to Autumnwatch Hello and welcome to Autumnwatch


Live 2011. I don't know about you gits, I am excited about this


series. We have eight weeks, we will be spreading ourselves all


the country and our objective as usual is to bring you the very best


of British wildlife at this time of year. We have great things in


bag. We have also, Martin, got a brands new rose in town. I can hug


brands new rose in town. I can hug strak stack whenever I want to. I am


already worried. I know that is not usually this


is not usually this nice, he is easing me in. It will go down. You


easing me in. It will go down. You have been on the programme for 40


seconds and insulted me. We have to explain where we are just


off, we have come to a place we think is the best to bring you the


start of autumn, the National Arboretum in Gloucestershire, an


extraordinary place. 240 hectares, 16,000 trees here, and more than


3,000 different species. I can tell you that 2000 of those are the


exotic maims, which are famed for turning reds in the autumn. Of


course, we will have our eyes on the natives, we will look at the


fantastic spread of colour will which burst here. I love the burst.


I have to say this is for me a really gorgeous place to start


Autumnwatch. I find it romantic, I find autumn romantic with the


changing colours of the leaves, the reds and all that testosterone of


the deer, the rutting deer, the spawning salmon. Steady. Take it


easy. Have you signed the contract. You are jealous you can't compete


with spawning salmon and rutting deer. What I do like about autumn is


the cozy at night-times. For the next eight weeks on Friday


live, I will be getting cozy with these boys. What more could a


want? Chocolates? I was thinking the same. Mussel, wealth, intelligence.


Fortunately, it is not just about Friday nights. All week the


will be out and about to bring the best of British wildlife in the


autumn, all the drama that the season brings. We will feature


places throughout the UK that we think are special, from Exmoor to


Anglesey to the Caledonian forests. It is not just the three of us, we


have special guest have special guest presenters as


well. This autumn, we will


This autumn, we will be visiting This autumn, we will be visiting


some of the most iconic wild places, to bring you the very best of the


season's wildlife. We will be joining familiar faces, sharing wild


And we say hello to new faces and And we say hello to new faces and


Sit back, relax and enjoy watching Sit back, relax and enjoy watching


But of course Autumnwatch crucially But of course Autumnwatch crucially


Sit back, relax is about you. We need to hear from


you. It is your programme. So get in contact with us, if you can. What a


strange summer it has been. It very, very cold, the coldest summer


since 1993. Then we had that blazing ends to it, boiling hot. Must have


had bizarre effects on our wildlife, my garden was aflame with


butterflies. Aflame. That is talk we like on Autumnwatch. Let us


know what you have been seeing in your garden, you have been getting


in contact. . They have seen bunting and waxwing. He is excited already.


I would like to say that. And. There are ladybirds and a humming bird,


quite late. And the hedgehogs have been eating him out of house and


home, they will fatten up for winter. Keep that stuff coming in,


Hold on. Let's keep the Post Office Hold on. Let's keep the Post Office


in business. You could write a letter. Get an envelope and put


stamp on it. I like real letters. Or you could get a pigeon and attach


the letter to the pigeon. Or a cleft stick with a runner. Moving on, I


think it is official. Autumnwatch Live has started. As we


we have been out and about, we started at the beginning of this


week in the glorious weather. We went to a very beautiful part of


What better place to explore the What better place to explore the


autumn season than the for et Dean and the Wye Valley.


Nestling on the border of England Nestling on the border of England


and Wales, this place is not only famed for its iconic scenery


look at that, but also for its great diversity of rich habitats.


This is the River Wye, 130 miles This is the River Wye, 130 miles


wrong, which makes it Britain's fifth longest river. And it is


teeming with wildlife, we have kingfishers, otters and it is the


life-blood of the forest that surrounds it.


Right now in autumn is one of the Right now in autumn is one of the


best times to explore the woods, from the canopy to the forest floor,


it is home to more wildlife than any other habitat in the UK.


We did find some little gems in the We did find some little gems in the


Wye Valley. It was such a beautiful couple of days to be there. We


looked for slightly different things. I went looking for a rather


unusual mammal that had I lived in mediaeval times would have been


to spot. It disappeared, it has come back to the delight of most people,


but it has caused a lot of controversy. I will be finding out


about that. I didn't need ex-mediaeval ma'am apples, I needed


what Michaela found in an old tree. It was just as exciting. That


coming up later in the show. I had a strange, mysterious nocturnal


encounter with one of my favourite animals right here in the Wye


Have you ever heard the term SSSI, Have you ever heard the term SSSI,


site of special scientific interest. And the smallest site of special


scientific interest in England is right there. So the question is:


What could possibly be inside that building to make it so special?


I am about to find out from the man I am about to find out from the man


responsible for making this a protected site in the first place.


David is a licensed expert, he will keep a careful eye on everything we


are about to do. There are


We will leave them sleeping. Right. We will leave them sleeping. Right.


Let's reveal what they are, these are lesser horseshoe bats.


Excellent. Correct. Autumn is the last chance to see lesser horseshoe


bats, soon, them disperse and disappear into their winter


hibernation sites. Tonight, we will use an array of technology to see


and hear the bats as they emerge. This is fascinating. They


starting to wake up. They are. They are doing their equivalent of


morning abluinges. He is having a good scratch. They will have a good


cleanup. Yes. Why are they called horseshoe bats. That is interesting.


Instead of through the mouth, they hum them through the nose. In order


to get a concentrated beam they have the weird horseshoe shaped


nose leaf. You can see it there. On the nose leaf, yes you can.


That one there has a hole in its That one there has a hole in its


wing. He stretched out. Yes. Can they repair that? They can, yes. It


heals quickly. And amazingly, with virtually no scar tissue. It fades


David, there is a lot more active David, there is a lot more active


now, etc getting darker. They are moving around, everyone is awake.


They will fly around in the to the building to see how dark it


is, only when it is dark enough will they venture out and go into the


night to feed on insects. Shall we go down? Yes. A lot of activity now.


David and our bat detectors. They David and our bat detectors. They


will hiss but this will bring the bat echo location into our hearing


change. These bats make the most extraordinary sound. (bat sounds).


It is the X Files, isn't it? That is It is the X Files, isn't it? That is


the normal flight route. Straight past us into the woods.


I think that one went through our I think that one went through our


legs. Very agile flyers, I have seen one fly under an inch and a half gap


under a door with a level floor. That is good. The sound sick


purchase is so accurate, they can fly in between bushes, trees and


pick a spider off a leaf. Yes. They can twist and turn through the


twigs. They will fly knew these trees without slowing down, right


How many do you think there are in How many do you think there are in


the roost at the moment? At the peak in July, including babies, 739


year. 739. Why is this area in Wye Valley so good for these bats? I


think it is just got the right combination for them. It is fairly


mild still, a lot of woodland they like. And it is less


intensively farmed. Basically, all that builds up to lots of insects


Let's be quiet for a moment and Let's be quiet for a moment and


listen to this extraordinary sound. (bat sounds).


Thank you for to date my top autumn Thank you for to date my top autumn


Thank you for to date my top autumn I tell you what, Martin, it is not


I tell you what, Martin, it is not I tell you what, Martin, it is not


Thank you for unusual for bats to be active


at this time of year, if it is like this. Because like those who


are shoes, many will move to winter roosts. It is worth thinking


about, if you are walking back from the pub, depending which time


to the pub. There will be bat activity if it is warm for the


foreseeable future. We have just asked you to get in contact with us.


And you have. On Twitter says: An owl calling on Autumnwatch. We heard


it. Tawny owl. Right. Bats again, you can, get a bat detector. It


massively enhances your enjoyment, some of them are expensive of the


but anything from �30 to 300 for the fancy ones. They are brilliant. They


bring the bats' worlds into our world. They are fabulous. Plug over.


What fw the bats you encountered, they are extraordinary. One could


say they were grimly fiendish. This picture taken by the guy I was with,


you can properly see that bizarre looking horse sloo face. Isn't that


weird? They emit that sound through it. It comes out through their


noses, not through their mouths. We have had all day you could think


about emiting that sound. You produced a sound that is more akin


to a cow than a bat. Let me move on. I have commissioned something


special here. This is a facsimile of the - make sure you get a perfect


shot. I am pleased with this, it neat, neat. This was made by a


wonderful researcher. This is the bat's nose showing the architecture.


What this is about, as you know, is about projecting a cone of sound


forward from the nose so it will bounce back from the objects the


bats encounter and be received in their ears. This is what this


leaf-like structure is about, shaping a cone of sound. What a


triumph of evolution and modelling clay this is. Are you sure that is a


bat's nose? It looks donlg to me. Dodge? A bit of a worry. Going


to the photograph, the photograph of the bat, that looks like a player in


the Rugby World Cup in New Zealand. That has been smacked in the face.


Look at that nose. Can she stay? Only a mother could love. We follow


the beautiful game. I can't believe inthe one talking about rugby, my


partner would be proud. Something people are talking about, mind you,


it is a British pasttime to be talking about the weather, it is


this extraordinary weather we had this week. We started off this


week in t-shirts. It was beautiful, glorious sunny weather. We had a


record temperature for October in Cambridge, 29.


Cambridge, 29.3C. Now it is turned into autumn, this is what you would


expect. How does that affect the wildlife. We have monitored it, the


cameramen got these pictures. is a species that over winters as an


adult. What you can see it doing, along with this is topping up on


late summer nectar, to they have enough reserves to


through the hibernation period. soon as it gets nasty, they


hibernate. We saw large dragonflies. Look at this, an adder basking.


Depending on the weather, this can be unusual. They will be thinking


about moving under ground to hibernate. Can I say something about


adders. I think this last letters burst of warm weather may have been


a huge benefit to our adders. I found out that adders eat between 7


and 9 approximately mice or voles per year. Not very many. It takes


them ten to 14 days to digest that. They are thinking about going into


hibernation now. They cannot start to hibernate with a halfdy jerted


mouse in their stomaches. Who can. Terrible wind. This burst of


might have raised their metabolism and digest that last mouse. They


hibernate earlier. With a full stomach to see them through the


winter. Adders are in trouble. I guess this discussion about the


weather throws out the question what is in autumn and when does it


start? Martin, what would you say? I would say the 1 October. I would say


21 September, the equinox. There is no conSeine us. I have to ask, what


Just look at this, there can't be a Just look at this, there can't be a


finer place anywhere in the lands to answer this question. Than


National Arboretum. Complete the collection of exotic trees,


including these acer species North America and Asia.


the ones famed for having their leaves turn red during this season.


Autumn, what in a word? We used to call this harvest before we moved


into towns and took up the French autumn. Then the Americans call it


the fall. Not for the falling leaves actually but because it comes from


the old Norse, to fall from a great height, meaning the change in


seasons. That of course is what autumn is all about, the season


between summer and winter. It is governed by the astronomical


exknocks, in reality nature doesn't listen. We enjoy thermal lag,


basically, the ground warms up it delays all of the changes that we


equate to that season. Of course, one of the joys of autumn no autumn


is like the other, we is like the other, we get a new one.


Some people think autumn might be early on account of the dry spring.


If you have looked at horse chestnuts, they are yellow earlier.


That is likely to be due to that spring, perhaps the insidious leaf


bug. Other trees, we will be carefully monitoring the turn in


colour here at the National Arboretum. Stay tuned to see when


I feel that answered the question. I feel that answered the question.


Thank you very much, we now know. Good. Now, if you remember


springwatch, one of springwatch, one of the highlights


for me was our ospreys. We joined forces with the project. They put a


camera in an osprey's nest. Let's remind ourselves what it looked


For the first time in hundreds of For the first time in hundreds of


years, a pair of ospreys bred on the estuary in west Wales. Nora, the


play, had three eggs, all of them hatched out. It was great


at the as tray project, which is down the road from where we were.


far as anyone knows, there are three breeding pairs in the whole country.


That makes these chicks very important for the recovery of the


osprey in Wales. When we left at the end of Springwatch the


were less than two weeks old, tiny things crouched in the nest, reliant


on on their parents, Monty and Nora.


We couldn't just leave those chicks We couldn't just leave those chicks


all alone, we wanted to find out we could what happened to them next


in their lives. They are not going to stay in Wales, they will


undertake a migration. How are going to do that? We had to get in


contact with someone very special to fit satellite trackers on them. This


would not be easy. We called the when it comes to ospreys. He will be


embarrassed by me, he is a legend. Some people call him the Clint


Eastwood. He has the right haircut. It is more about his attitude, they


acconservationist who gets things done. He is a ledge jemdz.


Brilliant. Roy Dennis is the man with a licence to fit these


satellite trackers to ospreys. One other thing, when he started his


work, if I got in right, there was one osprey nest in the UK, now 250.


That is in part. A testament to his work. OK. He agreed to join us. Roy


takes up the story in his takes up the story in his own words.


The big day was planned very The big day was planned very


carefully. It was the first time anyone had approached the nest since


the chicks hatched. Mum, Nora, flew high above us calling out to her


chicks. She was keeping a very close eye on what we were up to. The


osprey project team and I had to get everything just right. We have three


birds, great that they were fed on fresh food. The weather is perfect.


Excellent opportunity to do it. The timing was crucial, the chicks


to be exactly the right to be exactly the right size so


their satellite tags would fit. They are a good size but still have


growth in the tail and wings. We ringed all three chicks to give


a unique ID. That is a 99 on there. These rings will help us identify


the individual chicks by sight. it was time tort more important


of the day, fitting each chick with its own satellite transmitter. These


have a solar panel. They take a GPS reading every hour of daylight. If


the bird is flying, they give the speed of the night, direction of


night and the altitude the flying. They tell us a lot of


information. Each sat lie tag wares just 30 grams. The same as a packet


of crisps. I will sew these together with pure cotton. Assix or


years, the cotton rots. Then the raid yok can fall off. Having the


birds outof the nest like that was a rare opportunity to see them up


close. This is the last one, this is the female. It is heavily


on the front of each weather. they are adult, the females are much


more heavily streaked males. The other noticable thing is


the juvenile eyes are oaker. When the adult is full, the adult eyes


are yellow. Tremendous change. These are our three chicks. How will


When will they set off on their When will they set off on their


migration? Will all three of them make it safely to west Africa?


will be exciting following them on their autumn migration. That is a


really good brood, two males and female, excellent type for ringing


and tagging them, fully grown, not ready to fly, another week or so


before they nigh. They are back into the nest, laying down, we


go away, and the female should be back within ten minutes, quarter of


an hour. The rain held off, it wasn't windy, perfect conditions. I


That was fantastic. Roy said she That was fantastic. Roy said she


should be back in ten mitts, she was back in eight minutes. Everybody


safe. No problems. Got the expert atz work. Look, I have one of the


transmitters, this is one of the ones we are using, 30 grams as


has said. This is very exciting times for us to live. Whilst a lot


of birds are in troubling, we are able to learn so much more about


them, so much more quickly. Ten years ago, we wouldn't have been


able to do this. This would have been the size of a double-decker


bus, way too heavy for an osprey. It wares the same as 211,


wares the same as 211,666 packets of crisps. What flavour, Chris? Smoky


trout. We will continue to osprey story later on. Now, Michaela. Do


you what I love is they reintroduced themselves into Wales. Normally,


when we talk about reintroducing an animal into the UK, there is endless


forums and discussions and analysis that takes a couple of years, if you


are lucky, the animal will go back into the wild like the beavers.


There is a management plan in place. What happens When an animal escapes


into the wild? Thz what happened in the forest of Dean. Although the


escapeees are a great tourist attraction, they have also caused a


There is one animal that you might There is one animal that you might


be lucky enough to spot here in Forest of Dean, that you won't get a


chance to see in many UK. That is the wild boar.


Historically, the forest of Dean was a royal hunting ground. Wild boar


was so popular at mediaeval banquets, they were hunted to


extinction by the 13th century. The boar have reappeared in the forest,


by escaping from farms and illegal dumping. Their comeback has


controversy. They can overturn a lot of soil when they are feeding, this


digging is beneficial for the forest as it encourage new species,


understandably, isn't so popular in gardens and parks. Some people,


especially dog walkers, are worried about the boar being aggressive. But


the biggest concern is that they are prolific breeders, one sow can have


100 piglets. As the population grew, there was a public consultation, the


commission, who are responsible for managing the forest, introduced


cull. Ian Harvey needs to balance at the needs of the boar and people who


use the forest. The balance is to keep a low population in the forest,


not to eradicate them, hopefully away from the communities and the


centres of population, where people are living, so the interactions


where they are getting into gardens and causing problems are reduced.


Not everyone believes the boar are managed effectively. I am meeting


Alastair Frazier from the boar, who thinks the cull is no


longer necessary. I have a lot of sympathy with the force industry


commission. They don't there are, I don't


there are. What I do know, there aren't as many as there were. I


think we reaped the stage where we need a proper scientific


of the boar numbers. That is exactly what the commission are trying to


do. I am joining Ian on a boar census to get a better idea


many boar are living in the forest. Ian has a night scope he uses for


Can you see them. Yes. On the bank Can you see them. Yes. On the bank


That is the coolest thing. I can see That is the coolest thing. I can see


three of them, is that what you saw? Three. What sort of age


is it difficult to tell? Looking at the body size and shape, about six


to eight months. Why do you have to do this census at night? It


difficult. Without this, you see them. No. That is right. It


gives us a better chance of seeing a true reflection on the number of


animals because they are nocturnal in their feeding patterns. They come


out and feed through the night and lay back up in thick cover in the


day. When they first were released, they were much tamer? Yes. They have


become shier and nocturnal. That is right. They were


people, they came from a boar farm. In a natural state, they are more


nocturnal and wary. Before we out tonight, I did think


they have a vague idea of how there are. I see the problem. This


is guesstimate stuff? It is the first time woe carried out, the more


frequently we do it, the more accurate it becomes. Will these


three stay for hours. It is fallen acorns which are nutritious, a


of energy. If they are happy, they will feed until they push on


feed on something else or they have had enough. Very cool to see them. I


I would like to explain something, I would like to explain something,


Martin and Chris. Because that film makes me look half blind. You can


see me looking at the boar. But it was actually pitch black. Unless you


use the scope or at the special its camera equipment, you couldn't see


You are a fine one to talk. Joking You are a fine one to talk. Joking


aside, there is something important to say. Boar can be a great asset to


the environment. When it comes to woodland, what they do is smash it


up literally. Their eco-system engineers. What they are doing


turning over the soil and one thing this does is allows the seed bank,


all of those seeds left in the soy, which are perfectly able to become


active, to germinate, seeds that might have been there for 50 years.


If they do it over a wide area, you get new plants growing. They clear


away the Bracken and the bramble all of this increases the


biodiversity. If you get more species of plant, you get more


species of insect and then birds everything else. Boar can be a great


enhancement to woodland. Another crucial point, they are indigenous,


not an invasive species fmtdz they are set to be here. They are


controversial. What concerns of the boar is if there is


be a cull, you need to know how many boar are there? That is a crucial


question and secondly, when would you cull? You don't want to cull


sows when they have piglets. I personally have a suspicion we are


zoophobic, we are fine with cuddly animals, when they are big and


fierce and can't control them, we don't like them. That is just me. We


don't live withmy large predators, the only country that doesn't have


any large predators. Do you think we are intolerant? We are used to


living outthem. You are right. We have our own opinions. It is not our


opinions that count on this. We want to know what you think, what are


your views and get a discussion going on our blog. Check out our


website and let us know what you think. Where did he go? He


the boar is chasing him. Look at him. I haven't seen him go so fast.


We have talked as boars as foragers. He is not a hairy boar, he is a


hairy bringsly Andy. Sorry for that intro. Andy will prepare something


from things he found around here, in the wild. In the wild. It smells


strange. Gorgeous. We will find out more about this later on. Smells


like booze. Back to Chris Michaela.


I feel Sendentory. Have you had Andy's delights? Put it this way,


I had cons pace - I couldn't get the words out. It would have solved the


problem. Was it a natural enema. Public enemy. Chris doesn't like


surprises, I found something a little special that I wanted to keep


as a surprise for him. I think, Chris, you weren't disappointed. It


Start looking up and tell me what Start looking up and tell me what


you can see. Trees. Look around. A wonderful dead tree. What is


wonderful dead tree. What wonderful dead tree. What is in it?


I can't believe you can't see it. Can't you see? Wow. One of my


favourite animals. Hornetss,. They are going strong. Look at that


gorgeous nest. The interesting thing once one has a role like the


century, it does that every day. It does that one thing. That animal


there poised, waiting to see if anything intrudes, if it does, it


will investigate, if it thinks it a threat, it will warn it first by


head butting. We are very safe here. Because these insects cannot sting


you. They won't say sting unless you move. If I were to go up to the nest


slowly, coy stick my nose into it, they don't like mammal breath. They


probably equate it to a bear. You can get close and the guards will be


like this. Then if you go like in with your arm, them immediately


sting you. They are easy to live with, you have to be passive,


out of their way. Looking at the nest, it is almost a paper bark


nest. That is chewed up old wood and saliva. . Yes. They chew specific


wood of the right dense at this. They will put their saliva with it,


if they are thirsty, they will have a drink and go out with water


land on the wood, turn it into a pulp and lay it down in these


delicate ribbons. The purpose of that is to twofold, it is to protect


the comb inside. It is principally about thermal regulation, to keep


the comb at the optimum for the development of the young, to


keep it kooltd awarm. Sometimes if it gets hot, you will see the


animals around the outside fanning with their wings to ventilate


nest. Are you impressed? You didn't think it would be hornets. I thought


you found funghi or something. An impressive top of the food chain


insect predator, a terminator. loves them.


You see that was a little surprise You see that was a little surprise


gem for you in the woods. Started so well. You have led me astray in the


woods, now we have had fun in the bushes. It is getting worse. Going


back to the hornets, which we should, is it normal to see hornets


that late? They are a larger insect than wasp. Critical is firstly


making sure all the males can the nest. They will hang about for a


couple of weeks. Then the Queens. The males will mate with them,


fertilise them, all the workers will die and the males. It will be the


Queens which will over winter and find somewhere to hibernate and go


into November sometimes. Look out for them. It was a treat. I


thoroughly enjoyed watching those hornets. Good stuff. I have been


corrected. Right at the thing, I said the swallows had gone. David on


Facebook said house Martens today. It is still summer, folks. Sorry. He


had his surprise, I am a surprise of my own in Autumnwatch.


I am going badger watching. With a difference. For the very


we will go live underground with badgers, not today, later on in the


week. Monday will start that. Are you sure? I am positive. Is it going


to work? Are you like a Womble that goes underground? I hope so. It is


bugged, it is bugged with cameras. Hopefully fantastic. That is not a


cultural point of reference. To another surprise, our cameramen,


whilst down to the forest of Dean, saw these birds. Cross bills, two of


them up there feeding on the cones. You can see a male regurgitating


food to a youngster. Using its cross bill to prise open to get the


out. The youngster is flickering, begging behaviour. Look at this,


look at the bird's bill. If it turns, you can see that it has


cross there. These crossing starts whilst they are in the nest.


the male, larger, much more formidable bill, matured for opening


cones. When they hatch, their bill is conventional, they begin to cross


in the nest. 50% of them cross to one side, 50% to the other side. The


reason is they open cones, therefore, from one side or another.


This means that half of the cross bills can feed on one side,


the other, you can have twice as many in the same place at the same


time. That is extraordinary. How do you know that? He is so clever. It


is a miracle of nature. As well as of those, there are other animals


storing up for the winter. Lots people do it, put on extra fat. For


animals, it is a crucial time to get thosecalries in. Where do they


for that special autumn meal? What do they get out of it? I think we


When it comes tots autumn harvest When it comes tots autumn harvest


for birds, there can't be richer pickings than our hedgerows. In


UK, we are lucky to have masses of them, fact, dp we lined them end


end, they would stretch 20 times around the planet. They are a rich


habitat. Replicating woodland edge, they can contain 600 different


species of plants and trees. Many of which produce fruit and berries. In


the wintertime, birds would do best by eating seeds and insects, the


trouble is they have to find them and handle them. Berries occur in


vast numbers and they are easy to spot. In one metre of a hedge like


this one, in a bumper year, you can find 10,000 berries. They are


to spot. Bright red against the green. What do the birds get out


them, energy and lots of it. In 100 grams of blackberries, 50 calories:


That is the birds get out of it? That is the birds get out of it?


What about the plants? What they are demonstrating is a fantastic example


of co-evolution. You see these plants have put energy and resources


into producing these berries. They have invested. What do they get?


Dispersal. The birds eat the berries, they digest them, but not


the seed inside. They fly many away, it passes through them to


germinate? Where where it is not in competition with the parent plant


and colonised a new area. It is win-win. As you shall ooh, in


science, we have a name for it, we call it:


How many calories in 100 grams of How many calories in 100 grams of


blackberries? 80. I don't know why I bother. I speak to farmers


be watching the programme, think about leaving your hedges to grow


into longer. If they don't frz the longer growth patterns in them, they


can't produce the frurtd for the birds. We shouldn't underestimate


how important hedges are, 80% of birds rely on hence for food and


shelter. Talking of shelter, we haven't been into the studio. Follow


me, Chris. You are excited about this. It is lush. It looks gorgeous.


It is all cozy. These windows looking out are fantastic. We have


our little cushions, leather sofa. Do you like it? Yes, OK. Understated


reaction. It is very, very posh. Way too posh for me. I can't get that


excited about domestic thingsment however, there are - aside from


getting food from hedgerows, other animals have different strategies.


One we saw in the Wye Valley was animals caching food. Here is a


vole, if you look, she picked up a beech nut. Look, rather eat it,


takes it away and hides it. Scirls are famous for caching. They bury


lots of acorns. They do mischievous things lie pretending to bury them.


Look at the wiggle. Bum wiggle that goes on. Cool. That is excellent. Of


course, people will see all this going on in their gardens and


woodlands. Look out for it, see if you see squirrel or the birds and


mammals getting their nuts. Or caching them in strange places.


Animals will cache them into flower pots. You never know. You might get


cache in the attic. Oh! Mind you, it would only be worth peanuts. Peanuts


to coffee apples, out with Martin. She gave it away. I would say


are you going to make? It are you going to make? It is toffee


apples. It is coffee with a twist. We are using sloes and things you


can collect. I don't know if you can see this. It is boiling away. This


one is ready to go. That is almost ready, sticky. You will roll the


apples in the coffee. To give the flavour, you have wide herbs and


things. It is the wild fruit which gives it colour. Depending on what


colours you colours you are using. I can't wait.


Chris, here is your helper. Coffee apples. He


apples. Chris, here is your helper. Coffee


April always. Right. It is time for the second instalment of the osprey


story. We have left Roy Dennis, who managed to put the satellite tags on


the osprey chicks. Over a month later, he went back to see how they


Throughout the summer, the chicks Throughout the summer, the chicks


were monitored at their nest site in west Wales. The project had their


cameras recording the birds' move. I was keen to find out how


they got on, at the end of met up with one of the staff at the


project who spent hours watching our family grow up. What we are seeing


is a selection of highlights to show you. They certainly developed into


individual characters, firstly, we have the elder male, blue ringed.


When it came to fledgling, he was more advanced. He was calm and did


very sensible flights, was quick explore the area more. The next one


down seemed a little more wet. Him and the little girl stayed in the


nest, were afraid to go. The of the three birds, she is very keen


on her food, it took her longer to fly. She got a reputation as a sit


around and eat a lot of kind of girl. It seems this is the confident


one. This is the anxious chick, a slow starter. And the


laidback one to sit and watch they are brothers tested


wings. All three chicks took to the air eventually, only after a lot of


practice. They were constantly doing what I call helicopter flying, build


up the flight muscles, which is concerningment you see them drifting


up and going off the screen and back down. They are worried they


make it. Then they finally go. Yes. Especially our baby girl. Being the


heaviest, it took her more effort to off the nest. She helicoptered up,


wasn't as controlled as the males and went over the edge. I think it


panicked her more than anything. She flew and landed on the ash tree and


sat there for half an hour before back to the nest. That is one of the


risks, if they fall in the vegetation, I have known ospreys


occupied the tree. A few days earlier, when we


earlier, when we panned down, there was a fox under the nest. They would


Once the young flenned, mum set off Once the young flenned, mum set off


on her migration, leaving dad in charge. It was up to him to make


sure his chicks were well fed, in the best possible condition for


This is a wonderful viewpoint This is a wonderful viewpoint


looking across the estuary. Yes. You can see dad is not having to go


far, the main part, which is he is getting their supply of food.


At this stage, even though they are fledged and not far away from a big


journey, our youngsters are be catching any fish for themselves.


They are reliant on a good supply of food from dad. This is a superb


habitat, you can see why your chicks are so good. It's deal to have such


easily accessible food is undoubtedly what led to all


going on successfully. It is no different to having a supermarket on


your doorstep. Our three chicks have had the best possible start to life


here in Wales. They will need They


They are about to undertake an extraordinary 3,000-mile journey all


the way to west Africa. Our studies show only half of ospreys survive


their first migration. In the next few days or next week, they will


head over those hills? That will a happy and sad occasion when we see


that. When we had the pair settle April, we never expected three eggs.


We never expected three to hatch. We never expected three to fledge.


Extremely pleased and proud. Qualitily, from will be that tinge


of sadness. We know the statistics, we know what a hard journey they


will have and have to prepare ourselves to let them go and


Such beautiful birds. Stunning. Such beautiful birds. Stunning.


Powerful birds, every step of their lives is fraught with danger from


now on. It has already. He said they will go down, fly south to Africa.


Whereabouts? What is your journey. I have


Map of journey, here is Scotland and Wales. We expect them to go across


the channel, some of them go around the coast of France, some cut across


the middle, many of them will nip across Spain to this area,


across Spain to this area,gy bral tar, across the Bay of Biscay. They


seem to work their way down the coast of Africa down here, Gambia,


great river system for them forage in. We know this because 2,


forage in. We know this because have been ringed in the UK, we only


had 145 recoveries ever. We will learn so much more about these


things now we have the satellites. Something strikes me, they have


feed on the way, find fish. They don't fatten up, they feed. Every


day. We know only half of them will survive. We are going to be able to


follow every step of their journey. Very exciting.


We think the weather is important to us, just think what it must be


like for the osprey chicks flying thousands of kilometres. If there is


a dramatic change, it is a matter of life of death, not just can we have


a nice day out on Sunday. To find out what the weather holds for us


and the wildlife who has to battle, let's go live to the BBC weather


stenter. Is it going to stay autumnal or summer?


Hello. I love your studio, it is better than mine. It is going to


change a lot over the next few days, my advice is if you are heading


this weekend, leave it until Sunday when it is warmer. This weekend sees


a lot of cloud heading our way, a freshening breeze. As far as rain,


Saturday is mainly in the west, Northern Ireland and western


Scotland. Eastern areas, dry but not much sunshine and really cold.


We have this chunk of cold air in We have this chunk of cold air in


the east on Saturday. There is warmer air in the west. That pushes


eastwards overnight, into Sunday. you are badger watching, you


notice the rise in temperature. You will notice a stronger wind


Sunday. We have rain to come towards the northwest, most other areas will


be dry. We will be warmer, noticeably so in the southeast,


sunshine and temperatures hitting 20 or 21C. Of course, it is no


heatwave. It seems if you want to see an adder


go on Sunday. They will keep their heads down on the Saturday. When it


comes to wildlife and weather, one thing we are interested in is what


thing we are interested in is what the winds are doing. Can you tell us


about that? It is about the wind direction. Let


me take you back to last weekend. We had this southerly wind bringing the


record temperatures from North Africa, I understand it brought


insects, some of which we wouldn't find on our shores. The last few


days has seen the wind direction switching, much colder. The wind has


been particularly strong, so much so the conquer championships had to be


cancelled. This weekends see sees a westerly wind, it won't be strong on


Saturday but a stronger wind if you are heading out during the course of


Sunday. What impact that has on the wildlife and bird, you can tell


Chris. Thanks for accurate information. I


tell you what happens in terms of wildlife. Darren mentioned the


warmer weather at the the week. We had these crimson


footmen from Africa, the moths. A few of those appeared as is becoming


typical, we also had glossy ibis coming from southern Europe, some


have appeared in the UK. The infamous - I will leave it down


there, the infamous magnetic map has failed. With an unsticky ibis.


Hoping for more traction, from up north, the winds will be blowing


birds from Iceland. We can expect Hooper swans into the northwest.


Along with grey legged gOes and pink footed geese, staying in this area,


a few might push south. Next week, I promise you no slippage.


I am getting over the fact that the I am getting over the fact that the


conker championships were cancelled. They look fantastic. Help


yourselves. Will this gum my together? I cannot get through that.


I thought Roman and now I have a toffee apple. Doubling as a mallet.


Your recipes are on the website. This is on at the website.


I am try that later on. Cheers. I am try that later on. Cheers.


I hand you that? I don't know to do with it? We are coming


the end of the programme. I would like to show the photographs we have


had sent in to our Flickr site. at this super photograph of a red


squirrel, taken by Highland Andy. We had this red deer stag.


That is a Roman take photo. I love That is a Roman take photo. I love


Tell us about this one. This is Tell us about this one. This is


That is a something I did earlier, a few days


ago. This is what my six-year-old and I did with these leaves. It is a


butterfly. If you fan at this yourself as a Michaela Strachan,


take your photographs of badly crafted butter nice. We would


to see them. You have upset a six-year-old now. We are coming to


the ends of the show, we will be back next week. We will be back for


back next week. We will be back Autumnwatch Unsprung. And where are


we going? We are spending to Spurn Point. It is a wild and wind swept


place but fantastic for migrating birds. We are hoping to find plenty


down there. Amazing looking spot. will be a tempting to go underground


with the badgers. Will they turn up? Will our cameras work? I am hopeful


this year, I think they will. We have extraordinary views of one of


the most exciting migrants, salmon, with Charlie Hamilton-James. Stay


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