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-Tonight, a 1930s house in Mold which
-is inspired by Japan, wood and food.
-When Bethan Gwanas comes back
-from her globetrotting trips...
-..she feels totally at home
-in her garden.
-Finally, we visit Steve Wilson
-and Greg Stevenson's clom houses.
-Welcome to 04Wal.
-Wood and Japan are Tim Baker's
-main inspirations in his Mold home.
-Tim has seen the world
-in his work as a theatre director.
-have influenced his home.
-I wanted this to be
-a really simple house.
-I demolished as many walls
-..to do away with
-the idea of living in rooms.
-We wanted to have
-an open living space.
-What inspired you
-to open up the rooms of this house?
-I was sitting on a beach,
-when I was on holiday...
-..and I built a wooden model
-of my ideal house.
-I just took it from there.
-There are Japanese pieces
-on the walls.
-throughout the house.
-You rarely have the opportunity...
-..to travel to the other side of the
-world to see how other people live.
-I fell in love with Tokyo and Japan.
-I wanted to have a taste of
-what I saw over there in my house.
-This is a fusion of two cultures.
-There's something very simple about
-the way the Japanese people live...
-..and the way they set things out.
-I tried to keep things simple
-This is the section of this
-large room you use as a lounge.
-There are numerous sections of wood
-They're natural sculptures.
-Yes, if there is a theme
-to this house...
-..it is the worship of wood!
-I love wood.
-I have always enjoyed
-working with wood.
-Lately, I've delighted in finding
-natural pieces of sculpture.
-This is an example
-of a piece of wood I cut.
-A lot of the things in here
-aren't permanent fixtures.
-They're free-standing pieces
-and I can move things around...
-..or move them out of the way.
-This is the cooking and dining area.
-People will be surprised to see
-that you use barbecues indoors.
-Yes, this is another Japanese thing.
-There may well be two themes
-to this house.
-The worship of wood and
-the worship of food and eating!
-I really enjoy eating.
-We cook things in a particular way.
-We adopt Japanese methods
-in the kitchen.
-We prepare bite-size things
-such as prawns in a sauce...
-..and we cook them at the table.
-You don't have to use unconventional
-methods all the time...
-..because you also have
-a conventional cooker.
-You have all the Japanese
-cooking paraphernalia in here.
-I'm fortunate in that I travel
-quite extensively with my work.
-I look out for these items.
-Let's head upstairs.
-This stripped bannister is lovely.
-It's regained its former glory
-and you just want to touch it!
-There are some smaller
-pieces of wood over here.
-They're glued together to create
-some interesting sculptures.
-This paper came from Japan.
-What a lovely pattern.
-A small strip of it in a frame
-That's the bathroom, that's
-the office and this is the bedroom.
-Just like the rest of the house,
-this is orderly.
-Not the kind of orderliness
-which masks a lack of imagination...
-..but a general neatness.
-These pictures form a grid
-when you look at them from the bed.
-That grid is echoed
-in the pattern on the duvet cover.
-It all works perfectly.
-I've never really lived here
-in the true meaning of the word.
-I've only recently noticed...
-..how much of a Japanese influence
-there is in the house.
-It's like feng shui.
-There's something very organic
-about living here.
-I'm surrounded by natural materials.
-I enjoy the feeling I get
-when I'm here.
-Author and presenter, Bethan Gwanas,
-loves her house...
-..but we're here to see her garden
-because this is where she relaxes.
-a series called 'Ar y Lein'...
-..and you said you couldn't wait
-to get back to your garden.
-Yes, because I'm happy here.
-I'm happy in other places, too.
-I come home and the first thing I do
-is drop my bags on the floor.
-I have a quick look around the house
-and I come out to the garden.
-I breathe my fresh air,
-I look at my flowers...
-..and I start weeding!
-Are you green-fingered?
-Are you green-fingered?
-Yes, I think so.
-I didn't create this garden, though.
-It was like this when
-I bought the house, four years ago.
-If I weren't green-fingered,
-everything would be dead by now!
-All the plants are still alive.
-I bought all the gardening books
-and I listen to 'Gardening Time'!
-You pick things up
-and you learn by your mistakes.
-I love it.
-Let's meander towards the house.
-These plants are glorious.
-It's quite something, isn't it?
-These colours are wonderful.
-I don't have a planting pattern
-in this garden.
-If it manages to stay alive,
-I like the chaos.
-You must work hard in this garden.
-You must work hard in this garden.
-Yes, I do.
-You've got to work hard in a garden
-like this because it's quite big.
-Weeding is a major undertaking!
-This stream is a real bonus.
-It's an easy way
-to irrigate the land.
-Yes, and it gave me
-the name of the house.
-It's called 'Ffrwd y Gwyllt',
-meaning stream of the wilderness.
-It's handy to fill my bucket
-and water the plants in the summer.
-We're sitting outside the house.
-The different levels of the garden
-are clearly visible from here.
-Does each level
-serve a different purpose?
-I'm not sure
-they serve a different purpose.
-I want to grow vegetables on the top
-level but I haven't done that, yet.
-I struggle to get the lawn mower
-onto the top level...
-..so it's wilder
-than the rest of the garden.
-The next level is quite wild.
-Lots of plants seem to grow there!
-The third level is less chaotic.
-I recognise the plants!
-The lowest level is in the shadow.
-Do you make time to enjoy your
-garden, rather than cultivate it?
-Yes, I try to.
-Cultivating my garden is tantamount
-to enjoying my garden, in my mind.
-I do spend some time in my hammock
-on sunny days.
-Writing can be quite exhausting.
-I only have to be in that hammock
-for two seconds and I'm fast asleep.
-We think of clom
-as a traditional building material.
-It's something we usually see
-in old, Welsh cottages.
-We could use it
-to build modern houses.
-Steve Wilson did just that...
-..when he built an extension
-to his house.
-What's so special about clom?
-It's important to use one-third
-sands, one-third gravels...
-..and one-third clays and silts.
-You can test the mix
-by letting it dry out.
-You then look at the mix
-and feel its texture.
-to have something quite hard.
-Why is clom
-better than concrete or bricks?
-I didn't use much energy
-mixing the clom.
-Unlike most building materials,
-clom actually breathes.
-That's very important.
-It helps control dampness.
-The whole building can breathe.
-We've seen clom before on 04Wal
-and it's always been very rough.
-This is smooth.
-I wanted to have a smooth finish.
-This is a contemporary building...
-..and I wanted it to look like
-a contemporary building.
-I trimmed the surface
-with a pickaxe...
-..and packed the surface
-with a mallet.
-You can create a fantastic finish.
-It looks nice.
-How much of the materials
-you used here did you buy locally?
-A lot of the materials
-came from this area.
-The soil came from Dinas.
-The stone we used to create
-the low walls and the footings...
-..came from the quarry in Cilgerran.
-What about the reeds on the roof?
-The reeds came from Newport.
-is a thatcher from Newport.
-He's known as Alan Thatch.
-He's a master thatcher.
-He's responsible for the roof.
-He's done a great job.
-It gives the house great insulation.
-It's a natural insulator.
-to keep everything natural.
-There's no point
-in having clom walls...
-..if you're going to put expanded
-polyurethane foam in the roof!
-I wanted to keep everything natural.
-Steve has been restoring his house
-for the past eight years.
-He lives in the original cottage.
-You enter the new extension
-through the kitchen.
-Looking at it from the outside...
-revolutionary about it.
-You could think it dated back
-to the same period as the house.
-What makes it different
-is the materials used...
-..and the philosophy behind it.
-This mud-walled extension
-is far more modern...
-..than most things thrown up
-in the name of sophistication.
-It's a new house!
-has made its nest up there.
-You've got some tenants!
-I mixed up some clom and I left it
-outside the front of the house.
-The swallow used that clom
-to build its new nest.
-The clom you'd just mixed?
-If it falls down,
-we've got a big problem!
-The first clom nest in Wales!
-We usually see Greg Stevenson
-up to his elbows in mud and rubble.
-He's now finished his projects...
-..so let's revisit Troedrhiwfallen
-and Ffynnon Oer.
-This house was practically a ruin
-when we were last here.
-It now looks finished.
-What have you done
-in the meantime, Greg?
-I've spent a lot of time and money
-on this project.
-Four of us worked full-time on it
-for a year.
-I spent 60,000 on it
-and now it's finished.
-How many people live here?
-Nobody lives here.
-It's rented as a holiday cottage.
-I'm raising money
-for my next renovation projects.
-It's a small cottage
-but it has a big croglofft.
-There are two beds downstairs...
-..and there's a bathroom
-and a kitchen in the extension.
-This is the lounge.
-Yes, that's right.
-There's a croglofft above it
-and a parlour below.
-You've opened up
-this part of the house.
-There was a whole floor here but
-I changed it back to a croglofft.
-It was like this originally.
-You managed to save this wall.
-Yes, these are the original
-in and out panels.
-All we did was brush them.
-To me and to our viewers,
-this ceiling doesn't look finished!
-It's been finished for 200 years,
-so I'm not going to change it now!
-It's completely open to the room.
-It's in its original state
-and few such examples exist.
-It's one of the reasons
-why I bought this house.
-It's unusual and I love it.
-The louvre chimney
-is practically new.
-and the top beam are original.
-The rest is new.
-We saw the chimney's original shape
-in the soot on the wall.
-We knew its shape and
-we restored it, with CADW's help.
-We head out of the house. This
-building has a corrugated iron roof.
-It's like walking out of a cave.
-This is much needed.
-We all want a few home comforts.
-There's a shower, a bath, a basin
-and a toilet in here.
-This is the kitchen.
-Greg has recycled old furniture
-in this part of the house.
-This chair is remarkably light.
-He's given them a new lease of life.
-This room is very simple.
-Everything is plain.
-This shelving unit
-is set into the wall.
-The tongue and groove on the walls
-and the ceiling...
-..is reminiscent of sheds built
-as house extensions in the 1930s.
-The red floor
-is also a throwback to the 1930s.
-We first met Greg a few years ago,
-at his home, in Ffynnon Oer Uchaf.
-The extension - Ffynnon Oer Isaf -
-is now complete and fully furnished.
-The wall was half-built
-when we first came here.
-We jumped up and down in the mud,
-in our wellingtons!
-It's now finished.
-The walls and the roof are in place.
-What's that, on the wall?
-What's that, on the wall?
-It's a lime render.
-We used the same stuff
-Is that all mud?
-Yes - clom walls,
-built on stone footings.
-Let's go inside.
-I remember standing here,
-talking to you.
-You said, "The toilet goes here.
-The kitchen goes there."
-I thought, "Yeah, right!"
-I didn't know
-how it would come together.
-You've fitted a lot
-into this small space.
-Yes, it's a small space but a
-family of six would have lived here.
-It's big enough for a couple.
-I'm really happy.
-We're seeing a change
-in the situation in Ceredigion.
-People are stopping to think before
-they have plastic windows fitted...
-..or have plastic slate
-laid on their roof.
-They think twice
-about demolishing old cottages...
-..and building bungalows.
-Things have improved and many things
-have contributed to the process.
-I hope our cottages have played
-a small part in that process.
-S4C subtitles by
-Eirlys A Jones