Castell Brenin y Mynyddoedd Alpau Eric Jones


Castell Brenin y Mynyddoedd

Bydd Eric ar un o fynyddoedd mwyaf adnabyddus y byd - Yr Eigr yn y Swistir. In the final programme, Eric is on one of the most famous mountains in the world - the Eiger in Switz...


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-The Alps, the tallest mountains in

-Europe stretch over 74,000 miles...

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-..through eight countries

-and is home to 14 million people.

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-The Alps are under threat

-due to the thousands who flock here.

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-Hundreds of miles

-separate Wales and the Alps...

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-..but comparisons can be made.

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-In a period

-when we face similar problems...

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-..I'll search for solutions.

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-The castle of the king of mountains

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-In this programme,

-I'll visit the Eiger mountain...

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-..and travel to Austria and Italy.

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-I meet a friend in Switzerland...

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-..to see how tourism and culture

-are encouraged to develop together.

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-I'm visiting a farmer in Austria...

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-..and meet

-the world's best climber...

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-..at his castle in Tirol.

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-Eiger rises from the green fields

-of Kleine Scheidegg.

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-Visitors watch the climbers

-like an audience in a cinema.

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-Eiger isn't the tallest mountain

-in the Alps, but it's well-known.

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-The north face

-has a distinctive shape.

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-It's notoriously loose, so there's

-a danger of falling rock and ice.

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-I came here in September 1980...

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-..and climbed its face

-in 18 hours on my own.

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-Eiger creates its own,

-unique microclimate...

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-..with storms

-that start without warning.

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-Climbers often find themselves

-in grave danger.

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-Following the first climb

-of the northern face in 1938...

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-..many have died scaling this

-wall of loose rock, ice and snow.

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-After years of dreaming,

-I reached the peak on my own...

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-..and it felt amazing.

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-It was the zenith

-of my climbing career.

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-People come from far and wide

-to see the Eiger...

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-..and travel on the train

-that passes through the mountain.

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-Hannes Stahli is a former soldier

-from Grindelwald...

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-..but earns a living as a climber,

-mountain guide and stonemason.

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-Hello, Hannes. My Friend.

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-Hello, Hannes. My Friend.

-

-Hello, Eric. Nice to see you.

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-Hannes claims that Eiger is an icon

-for the Swiss and her visitors.

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-Eiger is an important mountain

-for those visiting the Alps...

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-..especially those interested

-in climbing and mountaineering...

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-..even if they do not want

-to conquer the mountain itself.

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-She's close to the community...

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-..and easy to reach by train from

-Grindelwald to Kleine Scheidegg.

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-You could almost touch it.

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-How has Switzerland, more than

-any other country in the Alps...

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-..gained world recognition...

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-..as the true Alpine country?

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-Switzerland has the largest area

-of land within the Alps.

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-Two thirds of Switzerland

-lies in the Alps...

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-..and do not belong to

-France, Italy, Austria or Germany.

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-In Austria,

-the Alps are not as high.

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-From a plane,

-Switzerland is the heart of Europe.

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-This is why we are recognised...

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-..and acknowledged

-as an Alpine country.

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-The Alpine tradition

-is important to the Swiss.

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-In the mountains, examples of this

-can be seen to this day.

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-Certain images in the Alps

-are unforgettable.

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-HORNS PLAY IN UNISON

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-We have a structure

-to maintain tourism...

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-..in the Jungfrau region.

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-Many other areas have developed over

-a number of years thanks to tourism.

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-We differ from

-those areas in France...

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-..which have been developed

-just for tourism...

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-..because we have grown

-and developed organically.

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-We have local residents who

-make a living from other sources.

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-The focus of our lives

-continues to be local...

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-..as it has been for many centuries.

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-Some large areas

-are empty and silent...

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-..and this is how we want them

-to remain - for a long time!

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-I think that the area in which

-one is raised shapes your character.

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-Eric's character

-was formed by Snowdonia...

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-..and I was formed

-by these mountains in Switzerland.

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-The tourist and agricultural

-industries of Switzerland...

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-..are at the mercy of the weather.

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-Hannes and his kind

-expect hardship...

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-..but the recent times

-have been unusual.

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-Today's weather is very strange -

-it's more extreme.

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-It can either be hot and very dry...

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-..or extremely cold and wet.

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-Two years ago, we had floods

-that drowned half of the village.

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-We had never experienced floods

-of this kind before.

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-The changing weather

-has affected the mountains.

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-The safe climbing periods are

-shorter due to frequent avalanches.

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-I know from experience

-the might of an avalanche.

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-Many climbers are killed each year

-by avalanches in the Alps.

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-Sometimes,

-entire villages are buried.

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-Last summer, six young soldiers

-were killed on Eiger by the snow.

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-Grindelwald will always have

-a place in my heart.

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-Their ideas and common sense

-of using and promoting tourism...

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-..yet ensuring other means of income

-is a lesson to learn.

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-Next, I'm going to visit

-a unique farm in Austria...

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-..and meet the climber who scaled

-Everest with me some 30 years ago.

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-Differing from those who know

-the perils of living in the Alps...

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-..city dwellers have

-a romantic image of the mountains.

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-They explore the waterfalls...

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-..heavy woodlands

-and beautiful valleys.

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-These stem from the Romantic era.

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-In the final leg of my trip, I'll

-visit a farm in the southern Alps...

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-..before going

-to the Tirol in Italy.

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-It's a tough life for farmers

-in the southern Alps.

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-Some think it's impossible to make

-a living on these rocky slopes.

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-Josef Holzer has spent a lifetime

-farming on the Austrian Alps.

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-He fears that he will be

-the last of his family to do so.

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-I call these

-the perennial Holzer farms.

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-I tend to the land in a way

-that works in harmony with nature.

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-One must be cautious of the natural

-symbiotic relationship of plants.

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-In one of the coldest

-Austrian regions...

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-..Josef Holzer

-has grown lemons and grapes...

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-..despite an average annual

-temperature of four degrees Celsius.

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-He has a variety of plants...

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-..using seeds that are to be planted

-in poor soil...

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-..and restarts

-the fertilisation process.

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-He rears pigs for their meat...

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-..which, in turn, rummage through

-the rocky ground in search for food.

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-No money or time is wasted.

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-All he has to do is plant the seeds.

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-It's a Garden of Eden

-in the icy Alps.

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-By avoiding chemicals or expensive

-machinery and working with nature...

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-..he's proved

-that you can live well...

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-..whilst caring for the environment.

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-He planted crops of barley

-where they wouldn't normally grow.

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-I wonder if schemes of this kind

-would work in Wales?

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-I've left Innsbruck in Austria

-and am climbing the Brenner Pass.

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-Forty years ago, I would travel

-this route every summer...

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-..en route to climb the Dolomites.

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-At that time,

-there were terrible traffic jams.

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-It would take four or five hours

-to travel a mere 20-mile journey.

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-They were building the motorway

-at that time.

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-These days,

-the motorway is very busy...

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-..carrying hundreds of vehicles

-each hour...

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-..and this road is quiet.

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-This valley is highly polluted

-due to the traffic.

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-In this valley...

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-..the petrol stations

-and restaurants have closed.

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-There's less work or profit

-for the local residents.

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-I first heard

-about Reinhold Messner in 1965.

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-The climbing magazines had a story

-about a young climber from Tirol...

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-..who did some amazing climbs

-in the Dolomites.

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-Climbers were cynical about him...

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-..and wondered how this rock climber

-would cope with the Western Alps...

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-..and her large ice and snow climbs.

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-A year later, Messner

-went to the Mont Blanc region...

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-..and did some amazing climbs

-on ice and snow.

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-I met him when I accompanied

-Leo Dickinson and his film crew...

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-..to film Reinhold in his attempt

-of the southern face of Dhaulagiri.

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-A year later, we went to Everest.

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-Reinhold and Peter Haberler were set

-to scale Everest without oxygen.

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-They were successful.

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-I filmed them at 8,000 metres

-when they came down from the peak.

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-This climb was very important

-in the history of mountaineering.

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-In my opinion, Reinhold Messner

-went down in history...

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-..as the greatest mountaineer

-of all time.

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-I'm finally making my way

-along this steep and narrow road...

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-..to Reinhold Messner's home

-which is a castle.

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-It's apt for the king of mountains.

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-Hello, Eric!

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-Hello, Eric!

-

-Hello, Reinhold.

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-Still alive?

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-Still alive?

-

-Just about.

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-Eight different nations

-control the Alps...

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-..and of all these nations,

-it's the people of the city...

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-..who make decisions about the area.

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-They decide where development

-is needed, but I don't like it.

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-City culture

-is destroying the mountains.

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-I think we should decide

-what takes place here.

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-It's a massive problem,

-as it is in Wales.

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-How do you ensure that traditional

-methods continue and flourish...

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-..and take advantage of tourism

-that doesn't destroy the culture?

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-I'm not against tourism -

-I like tourists...

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-..but if you want to use the Alps

-as a business...

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-..they must be used sensibly.

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-Where's your wife from?

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-Where's your wife from?

-

-Vienna.

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-Reinhold offered to show us

-his traditional farm.

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-THEY SPEAK ITALIAN

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-We produce good wine on a site

-where a vineyard didn't even exist!

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-We're now building a vineyard

-near the castle.

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-It's much higher than any other...

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-..but I'm sure there'll be

-higher vineyards in a hundred years.

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-This is both good and bad

-because we'll have a water problem.

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-Water is needed on the mountain.

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-The water that irrigates the

-vineyard comes from the glaciers.

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-If the glaciers disappear

-and we have a dry summer...

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-..it would be difficult

-to get water to the vineyard.

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-We must learn how to cope.

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-It takes me back to my childhood -

-we had pigs when I was a boy.

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-Reinhold's greatest fear is that

-the city folk want to tame the Alps.

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-Everything has changed.

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-City-dwellers

-do not fear the mountain.

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-The tourist office has eliminated

-all talk of the dangers of the Alps.

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-We should stop and close

-the cable cars on the glaciers.

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-I think the glaciers are sacred.

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-We should protect them

-in the best way we can.

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-We should preserve

-our special culture.

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-Tourists will come here if

-we have something amazing to offer.

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-They enjoy our farms,

-forests and fields...

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-..but above these,

-at 2,400 metres high...

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-..stand the mountains.

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-Those who can venture higher...

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-..should learn

-to deal with the dangers...

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-..the erratic weather,

-snow and avalanches.

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-These dangers

-should not be dismissed.

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-The mountain is a natural wall...

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-..that reminds us of a danger...

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-..that cannot be controlled.

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-Messner has a great influence

-over the Alps as a famous climber...

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-..and former European

-Member of Parliament.

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-Will they listen to his ideas?

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-I've enjoyed my journey

-and learnt a lot.

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-I've met the wonderful people

-of the Alps...

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-..the country folk, descendants

-of those who have shaped the Alps.

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-I met people from many remote areas

-and small villages...

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-..with a wealth of knowledge...

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-..who through variety

-and hard work...

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-..try to ensure the Alps' future.

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-Global warming means that

-we must care for the environment.

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-Tourism is important, but

-one shouldn't depend on it too much.

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-The Alps,

-like the Welsh mountains...

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-..should be a place of enjoyment.

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-However, one must respect

-local residents...

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-..their culture and way of life.

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-S4C subtitles by Tinopolis

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Bydd Eric ar un o fynyddoedd mwyaf adnabyddus y byd - Yr Eigr yn y Swistir. In the final programme, Eric is on one of the most famous mountains in the world - the Eiger in Switzerland.


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