Matterhorn - Mynydd yr Alpau Alpau Eric Jones


Download Subtitles

SRT

ASS


Matterhorn - Mynydd yr Alpau

Bydd Eric Jones yn dringo i gopa'r Matterhorn tra'n cofio'r cyfnod bu'n gweithio yno yn y 70au. Eric Jones climbs to the peak of the Matterhorn and recalls his time working ther...


Similar Content

Browse content similar to Matterhorn - Mynydd yr Alpau. Check below for episodes and series from the same categories and more!

Transcript


LineFromTo

-888

0:00:000:00:00

-888

-

-888

0:00:000:00:02

-The Alps, the highest mountains in

-Europe stretch over 74,000 miles...

0:00:040:00:09

-..through eight countries.

0:00:090:00:11

-Home to 14 million people.

0:00:110:00:14

-The Alps are under threat

-due to the thousands who flock here.

0:00:160:00:21

-Hundreds of miles

-separate Wales and the Alps...

0:00:250:00:28

-..but comparisons can be made.

0:00:280:00:31

-We face similar problems.

0:00:330:00:36

-I'll journey through the mountains

-in search of a solution.

0:00:360:00:39

-Matterhorn - The Alpine Mountain

0:00:440:00:46

-The next stage takes me

-to the heart of Switzerland...

0:00:500:00:54

-..and the country's

-most famous icon.

0:00:540:00:57

-I've reached its peak seven times -

-twice on my own.

0:00:570:01:01

-The Matterhorn mountain.

0:01:010:01:03

-The Swiss have tunnelled

-through the mountains...

0:01:110:01:14

-..and use trains to reduce traffic

-problems in the narrow valleys.

0:01:140:01:19

-I'm going to Goppenstein Station.

0:01:210:01:25

-In order to enter the tunnel,

-I'll drive my car onto the train.

0:01:250:01:29

-I'll travel through the tunnel

-to Kandersteg.

0:01:290:01:33

-I've used this tunnel

-many times in the past...

0:01:360:01:39

-..when I climbed

-the Bernese Oberland and Eiger.

0:01:390:01:43

-The weather would be terrible.

0:01:430:01:46

-I'd travel on this to Zermatt

-to climb in the Matterhorn region.

0:01:460:01:51

-Zermatt is the town

-at the foot of the Matterhorn.

0:02:030:02:06

-Cars, lorries and buses are banned.

0:02:060:02:09

-The only way to arrive is by train,

-which gives time to reminisce.

0:02:090:02:14

-The northern face is the most

-challenging climb of the Matterhorn.

0:02:240:02:28

-I climbed it on my own in 1973.

0:02:280:02:31

-The following year, I returned

-with three friends in the winter.

0:02:320:02:36

-We were on our way

-to climb the Matterhorn.

0:02:470:02:49

-Before we reached the mountain...

0:02:500:02:53

-..about two or three feet

-of fresh snow had fallen.

0:02:530:02:57

-It was impossible to find the path

-in the deep snow.

0:02:570:03:00

-I was leading and the conditions

-had become very dangerous.

0:03:010:03:05

-I was about to suggest

-that we turn back...

0:03:050:03:08

-..and attach the rope.

0:03:080:03:10

-Suddenly, I lost my grip...

0:03:160:03:18

-..and slid down the slope

-in an avalanche.

0:03:180:03:21

-I thought I was going to die.

0:03:260:03:29

-At the end

-of the 100-yard slope...

0:03:290:03:33

-..there was a 1,000-foot drop.

0:03:330:03:35

-Luckily, I managed to grab a rock...

0:03:360:03:40

-..and cling to it

-as the avalanche swept over me.

0:03:410:03:45

-I stopped within five yards

-from the edge.

0:03:450:03:50

-I was extremely lucky.

0:03:500:03:52

-We reached the summit

-after three cold, tough days.

0:04:010:04:05

-All my friends were delighted.

0:04:060:04:08

-But the ascent had given me

-frostbite on my toes.

0:04:080:04:12

-Climbing and filming

-on the Matterhorn...

0:04:130:04:16

-..opened a new chapter

-in my life with the Alps.

0:04:160:04:19

-For many people, Zermatt is the

-Mecca of their visit to the Alps.

0:04:330:04:37

-The Alps sit on the borders

-of France, Italy and Germany.

0:04:460:04:49

-But, in Switzerland,

-they form the centrepiece.

0:04:500:04:53

-This is why

-they're important to the country...

0:04:570:05:00

-..the economy, tourism

-and the identity of the Swiss...

0:05:000:05:05

-..as well as to mountaineers

-and climbers like myself.

0:05:130:05:17

-I met an American...

0:05:270:05:29

-..who ran an adventure school

-at Zermatt every summer.

0:05:290:05:33

-He asked if I'd work for him

-for about eight to ten weeks...

0:05:340:05:38

-..running the school's

-climbing department.

0:05:380:05:41

-I came here every summer

-for five years.

0:05:410:05:46

-I spent six weeks

-teaching the Americans to climb...

0:05:460:05:50

-..and showing them the mountains.

0:05:510:05:53

-It was a happy time for me

-and teaching them was a pleasure.

0:05:530:05:59

-I made a lot of American friends

-and I keep in contact with them.

0:06:010:06:06

-In the shadow of the Matterhorn,

-climbers gather to tackle the peak.

0:06:140:06:18

-Inexperienced climbers

-must have a professional guide.

0:06:180:06:22

-The president of the

-Zermatt Guides Association...

0:06:220:06:25

-..is Bettina Sulliger-Perren

-who is the only female guide.

0:06:250:06:30

-I recall many instructors

-with the same surname as Bettina...

0:06:370:06:41

-..during my time at Zermatt.

0:06:410:06:43

-Hello, Bettina. I'm Eric.

0:06:430:06:45

-Hello, Bettina. I'm Eric.

-

-Nice to meet you. Sit down.

0:06:450:06:47

-It's a beautiful day.

0:06:470:06:49

-It's a beautiful day.

-

-It is.

0:06:490:06:50

-Did you walk here?

0:06:510:06:52

-Did you walk here?

-

-Of course.

0:06:520:06:53

-Some families have done it

-for generations.

0:07:010:07:04

-Most of them are in Zermatt.

0:07:040:07:06

-My grandfather

-and his four brothers were guides.

0:07:100:07:13

-We have many visitors at Zermatt...

0:07:260:07:29

-..including inexperienced climbers

-who want to scale the Matterhorn.

0:07:290:07:34

-They're shocked when we get there.

0:07:390:07:41

-It isn't a difficult mountain,

-but you must know how to climb it.

0:07:410:07:46

-Bettina has climbed

-to its summit 50 times.

0:07:500:07:53

-It's a dangerous mountain,

-but easy to climb on the main route.

0:08:000:08:04

-For safety purposes,

-each climber has a mountain guide.

0:08:050:08:10

-On average, ten climbers

-are killed on it every year.

0:08:120:08:15

-Bettina is preparing to climb

-to the peak again.

0:08:360:08:39

-It's difficult to get up early

-to start climbing...

0:08:390:08:43

-..but the moon and dawn

-are an amazing sight every time.

0:08:430:08:46

-Three friends were killed

-on this striking mountain.

0:08:560:09:00

-Two of them had made the ascent

-up the dangerous route safely...

0:09:010:09:05

-..but were killed by falling rocks

-descending down an easy route.

0:09:050:09:09

-My third friend

-died on the Furgen ridge.

0:09:100:09:12

-It's a beautiful mountain...

0:09:120:09:14

-..but I feel happiness and sorrow

-when I see it again.

0:09:140:09:19

-When I started visiting the Alps...

0:09:220:09:24

-..I'd fill a van

-with food and equipment...

0:09:240:09:27

-..then drive for three days

-and spend the summer climbing.

0:09:270:09:31

-We left when the weather changed

-or when our pockets were empty...

0:09:320:09:36

-..but, shortly afterwards,

-we'd plan for the following summer.

0:09:360:09:40

-Mountaineering is safer today and

-more people flock to the mountains.

0:09:410:09:46

-I see it in Wales and the Alps.

0:09:460:09:48

-As in Snowdonia,

-mobile phones are a blessing...

0:09:480:09:52

-..and a burden on the mountain.

0:09:520:09:54

-People are often unable

-to come down in time.

0:09:560:09:59

-They must have an overnight bivvy.

0:09:590:10:02

-When they cannot tolerate the cold,

-they phone us to collect them...

0:10:020:10:06

-..or their worried families

-call out the rescue teams.

0:10:070:10:11

-Often, these people

-aren't in any danger.

0:10:110:10:14

-This takes up a lot of our staff

-and our time...

0:10:150:10:18

-..when we could be doing other work.

0:10:180:10:21

-Usually, people begin climbing

-in the middle of the night.

0:10:250:10:28

-It's safer before the sun

-melts the ice...

0:10:280:10:32

-..and loosens gravel on the slopes.

0:10:320:10:34

-It's one of the biggest dangers.

0:10:350:10:37

-Everyone thinks that I'm the boss...

0:10:500:10:53

-..but the truth is,

-I have 96 bosses.

0:10:530:10:56

-They tell me what to do.

0:10:580:11:01

-I find work for the guides, make

-sure the office runs smoothly...

0:11:030:11:08

-..keep the guides

-and customers happy...

0:11:080:11:11

-..look after the mountain routes...

0:11:110:11:14

-..and ensure that

-the safety points are in place.

0:11:150:11:18

-It's my job to keep everyone happy.

0:11:190:11:22

-Bettina said that many clients are

-surprised to see a female guide...

0:11:300:11:35

-..with such a dangerous job,

-who's also a mother.

0:11:360:11:39

-I bade farewell to a favourite

-mountain and headed for Austria.

0:11:440:11:50

-.

0:11:560:11:57

-888

0:12:020:12:02

-888

-

-888

0:12:020:12:04

-In the Alps,

-motorways and by-passes...

0:12:080:12:11

-..are the solutions

-to their transport problems.

0:12:110:12:14

-The beautiful valleys echo

-with the sound of traffic and fumes.

0:12:190:12:23

-My journey takes me to Austria...

0:12:270:12:30

-..to Sonnblick,

-Europe's highest weather station...

0:12:310:12:34

-..and to a Romansh community

-in Switzerland.

0:12:350:12:39

-I begin with another scheme

-to reduce traffic in the Alps.

0:12:390:12:43

-Architect, Michael Prachensky

-lives in the Tirol area in Austria.

0:12:500:12:55

-He wants to remove traffic

-from the streets...

0:12:560:12:59

-..and into a system of tunnels

-and smaller roads.

0:12:590:13:02

-His project is called the Talpino.

0:13:030:13:05

-The aim is to connect

-Milan and Munich.

0:13:050:13:08

-It would be beneficial

-for residents of the Alps...

0:13:110:13:15

-..lorry drivers and travellers.

0:13:150:13:17

-Prachensky believes that

-a new transport system is needed...

0:13:210:13:25

-..as the railway

-belongs to another era.

0:13:250:13:27

-I visited Michael Prachensky

-to hear more about his ideas.

0:13:330:13:37

-The Brenner Tunnel has

-been under discussion for a year.

0:13:530:13:58

-Show me the Talpino.

0:13:580:14:00

-This is an interesting

-Talpino project through the Alps.

0:14:000:14:05

-It's an ecological project.

0:14:050:14:07

-A tunnel of this type

-is greatly needed.

0:14:070:14:10

-Traffic levels have doubled

-during the last 15 years.

0:14:100:14:13

-In the future, it's expected

-to increase more quickly.

0:14:130:14:16

-It'll get rid of all the pollution.

0:14:170:14:19

-This project is one

-of the best ideas through the Alps.

0:14:200:14:26

-South and north-east Europe

-would be linked by a long tunnel.

0:14:260:14:30

-The Talpino system would have many

-carriages to transport lorries.

0:14:350:14:40

-These would run independently...

0:14:410:14:44

-..so that they could stop and unload

-while other carriages didn't stop.

0:14:440:14:49

-It would be driven by a combination

-of magnets and air on rails.

0:14:500:14:54

-The project would follow the natural

-contour of the Alpine valleys.

0:14:590:15:03

-It would be simple to use

-like any road system.

0:15:040:15:09

-The journey from Milan to Munich

-would be 200km shorter...

0:15:110:15:15

-..than the present journey

-via the Brenner Pass.

0:15:150:15:18

-The Talpino would be made up of

-a system of small 20km tunnels...

0:15:240:15:28

-..instead of a single long tunnel.

0:15:280:15:31

-The politicians have decided

-to improve the transport system...

0:15:380:15:43

-..but how do you persuade them that

-Prachensky's pioneering scheme...

0:15:430:15:48

-..is worth serious consideration?

0:15:480:15:50

-The residents of Val Lumnezia

-in Switzerland speak Romansh.

0:15:550:15:59

-It's one of Switzerland's

-four official languages.

0:15:590:16:02

-Only 45,000 people speak it today.

0:16:030:16:07

-The mountain village of Vrin

-has a population of 250.

0:16:140:16:19

-The locally-born architect,

-Gion Caminada...

0:16:220:16:25

-..is responsible

-for renovating the village.

0:16:250:16:28

-Caminada designs buildings

-that complement traditions...

0:16:330:16:37

-..and the requirements

-in his home town.

0:16:380:16:40

-Gion, I'm Eric. Pleased to me you.

0:16:410:16:43

-GION SPEAKS ROMANSH

0:16:440:16:47

-Romansh is the only true

-Alpine language...

0:16:490:16:53

-..spoken in Alpine regions.

0:16:530:16:56

-Today, the language

-is spoken only in remote valleys.

0:16:570:17:01

-Gion employs many local people.

0:17:100:17:12

-Creating work in the village

-is important.

0:17:140:17:16

-Romansh derives from Latin.

0:17:240:17:27

-What does the future hold

-for this language?

0:17:300:17:33

-The fate of Romansh

-depends on combating depopulation.

0:17:380:17:43

-Do our communities

-want to preserve the language...

0:17:430:17:47

-..and does our society

-think it has any value?

0:17:470:17:50

-In addition to

-preserving the language...

0:17:540:17:56

-..the area also faces

-the problem of depopulation.

0:17:560:17:59

-I design multi-purpose buildings

-to maintain local interest.

0:18:080:18:12

-This building

-is a centre for people to meet...

0:18:130:18:16

-..a gym for children

-and a venue for concerts and plays.

0:18:170:18:20

-Caminada wants to

-prevent depopulation...

0:18:210:18:24

-..by creating work and quality jobs

-as an incentive to stay.

0:18:240:18:28

-This fantastic scenery...

0:18:400:18:42

-..masks the major changes

-unfolding in the Alps.

0:18:430:18:46

-I've witnessed the shrinking of

-glaciers in the Grindelwald area...

0:18:470:18:52

-..in the last 20 years.

0:18:520:18:54

-This is due to global warming.

0:18:550:18:58

-Today, I've come

-to the district of Rauris...

0:19:090:19:12

-..to meet Ludwig Rasser,

-a weather expert.

0:19:120:19:15

-He works at the weather station

-on the summit of Sonnblick.

0:19:160:19:20

-It's the oldest station in Europe.

0:19:200:19:22

-Hello.

0:19:280:19:29

-Good morning, Ludwig.

-Where's the observatory?

0:19:290:19:32

-LUDWIG SPEAKS GERMAN

0:19:320:19:34

-How high is it?

0:19:340:19:36

-How high is it?

-

-SPEAKS GERMAN

0:19:360:19:37

-Scientist, Ludwig Rasser...

0:19:390:19:41

-..has worked at Europe's oldest

-weather station for 20 years.

0:19:410:19:45

-It's the perfect place

-to detect changes in our weather.

0:19:460:19:50

-Only one unsteady cable car

-connects them with the valley below.

0:19:590:20:03

-It's winter throughout the year

-at this station.

0:20:030:20:07

-Even in the age of satellites, the

-daily data collected by Ludwig...

0:20:140:20:18

-..throughout the year, in

-all weather is extremely beneficial.

0:20:190:20:23

-LUDWIG SPEAKS GERMAN

0:20:260:20:29

-Ludwig has witnessed huge changes

-in the weather in the last decade.

0:20:330:20:38

-The number of days when

-snow and ice cover the mountains...

0:20:410:20:45

-..is decreasing.

0:20:450:20:47

-As a result, there's an increase

-in avalanches, landslides...

0:20:510:20:56

-..and the glaciers are melting.

0:20:560:20:59

-This station collects information

-about the atmosphere...

0:21:060:21:10

-..the rays from the sun...

0:21:100:21:12

-..and pollution in the air.

0:21:130:21:16

-It's one of the most

-important sites in Europe.

0:21:200:21:23

-BOTH SPEAK GERMAN

0:21:350:21:38

-It's a lonely life for Ludwig

-and his co-worker in Sonnblick...

0:21:470:21:51

-..but their work

-is relevant to us all.

0:21:510:21:54

-Ludwig observes the changes...

0:22:030:22:06

-..but we must decide

-whether or not to prevent them.

0:22:070:22:11

-In the next programme...

0:22:260:22:27

-..I visit one of the best

-climbers in the world.

0:22:280:22:31

-Join me at the castle

-of the King of the Mountains.

0:22:310:22:34

-I return to Switzerland...

0:22:400:22:42

-..to hear about the changes

-on the treacherous Eiger mountain.

0:22:420:22:46

-S4C subtitles by Tinopolis

0:23:350:23:37

-.

0:23:370:23:38

Bydd Eric Jones yn dringo i gopa'r Matterhorn tra'n cofio'r cyfnod bu'n gweithio yno yn y 70au. Eric Jones climbs to the peak of the Matterhorn and recalls his time working there in the 70s.