Pennod 38 Dal Ati: Bore Da


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Pennod 38

Golwg ar rai o eitemau diweddar y cyfresi Heno a Prynhawn Da sydd o ddiddordeb penodol i'r rhai sy'n dysgu Cymraeg. Items from Heno or Prynhawn Da of interest to Welsh learners.


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-Hello and welcome to Bore Da

-on the second weekend in February.

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-Between now and 10.00am...

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-..we meet the man born in London,

-who lives in Manchester...

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-..but considers himself a Welshman.

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-We celebrate

-National Weatherperson's Day...

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-..with some

-of Wales' most famous faces.

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-We also hear more about the new

-Coat Exchange project in Cardiff...

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-..that helps the homeless.

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-Llinos Lee chats to the world-famous

-conductor, Carlo Rizzi.

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-Iolo Williams will be concentrating

-on the wildlife...

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-..of Wales' coastal areas.

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-There's something for everyone

-on Bore Da.

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-Sit back and enjoy my company

-for the next hour.

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-The musician, Simon Chandler

-is originally from London...

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-..but currently lives in Manchester.

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-Over 18 months ago,

-Simon decided to learn Welsh...

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-..and considers himself a Welshman.

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-We hope you enjoy the inspirational

-story of Simon Chandler.

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-Welcome to the programme, Simon.

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-How did you end up

-learning the Welsh language?

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-It all started about 17 years ago

-in 2001.

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-I visited the Llechwedd quarry

-near Blaenau Ffestiniog.

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-I was inspired by a recording...

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-..that was being played

-in the quarry.

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-The song was about quarrymen

-who lived over a century ago.

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-There was a real community spirit

-in the sound of the quarryman.

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-From that point, I was charmed

-by the Welsh language and culture.

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-It was also at that time you met

-someone in a petrol station.

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-What did that person say to you?

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-On my way home...

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-..I made the mistake of asking

-this man in North Wales...

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-..if I could learn

-the Welsh language.

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-He didn't think I could.

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-What exactly did he say to you?

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-He said,

-"You've got no chance, mate!"

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-I can't copy the accent.

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-That's your normal accent.

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-None of your family can speak Welsh.

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-Nobody in my family is Welsh.

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-Where did you start?

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-Who taught you?

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-My tutor is Llinos Griffin.

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-She's an incredible person.

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-Llinos is a filmmaker.

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-She has the ability and talent...

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-..to achieve metrical

-translations for songs.

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-She sounds like a great teacher.

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-She's wonderful.

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-Did learning the language

-come easy to you?

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-It isn't easy to learn the language

-and it was challenging.

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-A lot of people say that learning

-the Welsh language is impossible.

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-You've proved the man

-in the petrol station wrong.

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-You don't just speak the language

-of heaven, but sing it.

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-You've also released a new

-Welsh album inspired by Brazil.

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-Tell us more about the connection.

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-I've been making music

-inspired by Brazil since 2003.

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-I wanted to marry that music...

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-..with the Welsh language.

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-In February of last year...

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-..I went to a meeting of the

-Welsh society in Manchester.

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-The Welsh National Anthem

-was sung at the end of the meeting.

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-It was an incredible performance

-and I was emotional.

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-I realised it made

-me feel saudade...

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-..which is a word I'd associate

-with the music of Brazil.

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-The word, "saudade"

-is a Portuguese word...

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-..that refers to a feeling

-of longing or melancholy.

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-It's just like the Welsh word

-of "Hiraeth".

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-You don't get the full meaning

-of "Hiraeth" if you translate it.

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-No, that's right.

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-Yes, "Hiraeth" is a special word.

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-Thanks to Simon

-for visiting the Heno studio...

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-..and sharing

-his inspirational story.

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-The 5 February

-is the official day...

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-..to celebrate the contribution

-of weather presenters.

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-It was National Weatherperson's Day.

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-To celebrate...

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-..the Heno cameras chatted to Wales'

-most famous weather presenters.

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-Hello!

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-The weather is cold at the moment

-and snow might be on the way.

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-It's important to acknowledge

-the work of a weatherperson...

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-..and we're thrilled to have

-a day dedicated to us.

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-The weather happens

-365 days of the year...

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-..so it's a great day

-to recognize our daily work.

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-It will be drier, finer

-but cold afternoon.

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-I started presenting the weather

-in 1991...

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-..so this is my 27th year.

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-We'll be seeing more heavy rain

-coming in from the west.

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-I've been presenting the weather

-for four and a half years.

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-It will stay dry but cloudy.

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-Presenting the weather isn't as easy

-as it looks on television...

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-..as you only have

-a green screen behind you.

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-It's great when there are

-a few sunny days in the forecast...

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-..but sometimes, it's best not to

-head outdoors in stormy weather.

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-As well as the drizzle, low cloud

-and the mist, it's quite dismal...

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-..but temperatures will reach

-13 degrees in Wrexham.

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-The weather is always on my mind...

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-..even when I'm on my holiday.

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-I always want to keep myself

-in the loop in terms of the weather.

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-I love my job as the weather

-changes every day in Wales.

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-Another cold day tomorrow

-but less windy.

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-There are a few showers about

-but otherwise, a fine day.

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-Even after 27 years,

-I still love presenting the weather.

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-It's one of my interests.

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-The worst thing about being

-a weatherperson...

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-..is people accusing you

-of getting the forecast wrong.

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-But we're rarely wrong.

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-So far, I've been lucky

-not to suffer any mishaps.

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-My earpiece fell out...

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-..and it's vital for us

-to hear the timings.

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-I couldn't hear anything...

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-..so I didn't know

-if I should stop talking.

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-Therefore, I ended my broadcast

-by handing over to the news team.

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-But there was 20 seconds to spare...

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-..so we just looked at each other!

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-The weather is important to me...

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-..and Wales is obsessed with it too.

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-All the best, goodbye.

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-All the best to you, Derek.

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-The next story is encouraging.

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-A group of volunteers

-have come together...

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-..to help the homeless in Cardiff.

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-The name of the project

-is Cardiff Coat Exchange...

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-..or "Cyfnewid Cotiau Caerdydd".

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-Let's find out more.

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-The concept

-of the Cardiff Coat Exchange...

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-..is that we come here every week

-and give out coats to the homeless.

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-I heard of a 32-year-old woman...

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-..who died in a Cardiff park.

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-It was tragic...

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-..but inspired us

-to do something to help.

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-The number of homeless people

-in the city is growing.

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-It's been a very cold winter

-and people are suffering.

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-We have plenty of coats and socks

-to give people.

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-A few weeks ago, Siw Hughes

-from Pobol y Cwm turned 60.

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-She didn't want

-any unnecessary gifts...

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-..and so she asked people to donate

-backpacks with items inside.

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-As you can see,

-we received around 60 backpacks.

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-Half of them have already gone.

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-These people are so grateful...

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-..and can't believe

-we're doing this!

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-The title of Coat Exchange suggests

-we're asking for coats...

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-..but we need things

-to keep people warm...

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-..such as socks, strong waterproof

-shoes, scarves, gloves and anything!

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-You can bring your items here

-as we're collecting every Friday.

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-We hope other areas of Wales will be

-encouraged to do something similar.

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-The group are doing

-incredibly important work.

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-Well done them.

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-That's it for part one.

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-In part two...

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-..Llinos Lee enjoys a Welsh chat...

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-..with the world-famous conductor,

-Carlo Rizzi.

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-Hana Medi meets the Machynlleth

-ceramic artist, Eluned Glyn.

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-You'll get to see Elin Fflur and

-myself facing our fear...

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-..of abseiling down

-a Snowdon mountain.

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-Don't go far!

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-.

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-Subtitles

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-Subtitles

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-Welcome back to part two of Bore Da

-from our studio in Llanelli.

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-The latest production

-by the Welsh National Opera...

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-..is La Forza del Destino

-by the composer, Verdi.

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-Gwyn Hughes Jones

-and Alun Rhys-Jenkins...

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-..are the two Welsh tenors

-starring in the production.

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-The world-famous, Carlo Rizzi

-from Italy will be conducting.

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-Llinos went to meet the crew during

-one of their final rehearsals.

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-This spring, the Welsh National

-Opera will present Italian operas...

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-..by three of the best composers.

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-On Friday, they begin with

-La Forza del Destino by Verdi...

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-..with Welsh tenor,

-Gwyn Hughes Jones in the lead role.

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-La Forza del Destino...

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-..is one of the most significant

-repertoires within the opera world.

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-It's a classic.

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-It's a tragic love story...

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-..but the couple only appear

-in two scenes together...

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-..one at the beginning

-and one at the end.

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-The opera deals with topics

-that are relevant today.

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-The opera needs fantastic singers

-and it has been difficult to cast.

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-Performing in this opera

-is one of my career highlights.

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-Everything you do in your career

-leads you up to this point.

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-I play the role of Trabuco.

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-He travels around different villages

-as a pedlar...

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-..and sells perfect soap

-and scissors.

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-In this production...

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-..the director and designer

-have made it a pantomime scene...

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-..with Trabuco as Dr Punch.

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-In this production, he doesn't sell

-soap or scissors, but body parts.

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-The company are delighted to welcome

-back the maestro, Carlo Rizzi.

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-Of course, I've known Forza

-since I was a young man in Milan.

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-I'm excited to perform

-La Forza del Destino...

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-..it's the only significant Italian

-opera that I haven't conducted.

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-The most important thing

-about Forza...

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-..is the power and

-variety of music.

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-For example,

-at the end of the second act...

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-..the choir sing a powerful piece.

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-In my opinion...

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-..Verdi has chosen the

-engaging music for emotional pieces.

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-It's very special.

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-The rehearsals have been intense,

-but I've loved being home.

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-In this job,

-we spend a lot of time away.

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-Those who live on the side of a golf

-course are called millionaire's golf

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-I'm a millionaire's opera and

-get to go home every evening...

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-..but I'm not a millionaire.

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-Wales is like a second home to me...

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-..and I'm honoured

-to be invited back.

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-If you want to see a love story,

-you'll find it in this opera.

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-If you want to see a family story,

-this is the opera for you.

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-You'll also love it if you enjoy

-fantastic choral singing.

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-We're all learning

-throughout the process.

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-The information each individual

-brings to the production...

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-..has built something we hope

-will be unforgettable.

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-For more information

-about the opera...

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-..visit the website, www.wno.org.uk

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-Hana Medi has a new series

-on Prynhawn Da...

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-..where she travels around Wales

-to meet different craftspeople.

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-This week, she meets the

-ceramic artist, Eluned Glyn.

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-A small shed

-at the bottom of the garden...

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-..isn't the place you'd expect

-to find fine pieces of art!

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-My father taught art at Ysgol

-Penweddig and Mam studied art too.

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-We always went to exhibitions

-as children.

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-My sister is an architect in London

-so it must be in the family.

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-Why did you choose ceramics?

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-I like the way the clay feels

-and it's a natural way of working.

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-Describe your very unique work.

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-My interest stems from using items

-from charity shops.

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-I try to pay homage to the old items

-in new pieces.

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-I started making these pieces

-when I was finishing my degree...

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-..and have built my collection

-to include 20 different pieces.

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-It's a real labour of love to create

-each piece of work in this workshop.

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-I start with a mould

-which has a negative inside.

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-I use clay to fill the gaps...

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-..where the two moulds meet.

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-Would you like to do the next part?

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-Would you like to do the next part?

-

-Yes, lovely.

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-Do I roll it first?

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-Do I roll it first?

-

-Yes, roll it into a sausage shape.

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-Does it go here?

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-Does it go here?

-

-Yes, press it into the gap.

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-As soon as that's done, the slip

-from the bucket is poured in.

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-What's that mixture?

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-What's that mixture?

-

-It's a mixture of clay and water.

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-It's poured into the mould and

-left for ten minutes...

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-..and then poured out.

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-Does it fill the shape inside?

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-Does it fill the shape inside?

-

-Yes, so it's like a layer of clay.

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-That's the first process...

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-..and it's left to dry

-like this piece here.

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-Wow!

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-What's the next step?

0:19:110:19:14

-After removing the mould...

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-..I cut off the excess clay

-with a craft knife.

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-This is left to dry

-and that takes two to three days.

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-It's fired in the kiln twice.

0:19:320:19:35

-It starts with a bisque firing that

-reaches 1,000 degrees Celsius...

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-..followed by a glaze firing

-at a higher temperature.

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-This is what it looks like after

-it's been fired twice in the kiln...

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-..once at 1,000 degrees Celsius and

-then at a higher temperature.

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-It's ready to use and you can

-put water in it after it's glazed.

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-It takes a long time

-to make one piece.

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-It takes days for items to dry

-and for the kiln to cool.

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-Do you ever make mistakes?

0:20:080:20:12

-Yes, and mistakes

-are very annoying...

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-..as it takes time

-to make one piece.

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-The glaze could stick

-to the kiln shelf...

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-..and the piece is ruined!

0:20:230:20:28

-What's next for your business?

0:20:310:20:34

-I've been to a fair in London...

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-..where I spoke to galleries

-and got orders.

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-I've also had interest

-from Switzerland and Belgium...

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-..and I've got an exhibition

-at Galeri, Caernarfon this summer...

0:20:460:20:51

-..before the Christmas fairs.

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-Your work is amazing

-and I'd like a few pieces myself.

0:20:540:20:59

-Thank you very much.

0:20:590:21:00

-Thank you very much.

-

-Thanks to you too!

0:21:000:21:02

-Hana Medi loves to meet the

-talented craftspeople of Wales.

0:21:090:21:15

-Have you watched the new S4C series,

-Ar y Dibyn?

0:21:150:21:21

-Ar y Dibyn is an adventure series...

0:21:210:21:24

-..that follows a group

-of amateur adventurers...

0:21:240:21:27

-..that battle to win

-an adventure pack worth 10,000.

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-Lowri Morgan and the adventure

-leader, Dilwyn Sanderson-Jones...

0:21:310:21:36

-..push the group to their limits

-in the Snowdon mountains.

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-I know exactly

-how the competitors feel...

0:21:400:21:44

-..as Dilwyn recently challenged

-myself and Elin Fflur.

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-This is how we got on.

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-Oh my goodness!

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-If you want to do it, you can.

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-If you want to do it, you can.

-

-I don't want to do it!

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-I've never done anything like this.

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-Do what you can,

-just do your best.

0:22:110:22:13

-Woah!

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-Oh my goodness!

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-Push your bottom back.

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-Push your bottom back.

-

-I can't do this.

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-You're doing so well.

0:22:280:22:30

-You're doing so well.

-

-Ah, something bit me!

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-Oh my!

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-That was spot on.

0:22:410:22:43

-That was spot on.

-

-Thank goodness.

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-I'm shaking.

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-Mam always told me to keep my feet

-on the ground, that's what I'll do.

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-I've enjoyed your company, but I

-don't want to see you for a year.

0:22:530:22:57

-Hooray!

0:22:580:23:00

-No, I don't want to see Dilwyn

-for a long time either!

0:23:020:23:07

-Remember to tune in to Ar y Dibyn.

0:23:070:23:10

-You can catch up on the series

-on Clic or the BBC iPlayer.

0:23:100:23:14

-It's time for a break,

-but still to come...

0:23:140:23:17

-..Lasagne is on the menu

-in the Prynhawn Da kitchen.

0:23:170:23:22

-We meet two lucky people...

0:23:220:23:24

-..who have managed to get

-their hands on Blue Peter badges.

0:23:240:23:28

-We find out more about the Whitford

-area from two young residents.

0:23:290:23:34

-See you in a few minutes.

0:23:340:23:38

-.

0:23:400:23:41

-Subtitles

0:23:430:23:43

-Subtitles

-

-Subtitles

0:23:430:23:45

-Welcome back.

0:23:480:23:50

-Next, we head to the

-Prynhawn Da kitchen...

0:23:500:23:53

-..to sample Lisa Fearn's

-tasty lasagne.

0:23:530:23:57

-Enjoy.

0:23:570:23:59

-Let's start the process.

0:23:590:24:01

-I've fried some mince

-and red onions in a pan.

0:24:010:24:06

-You can use any onion or even leeks.

0:24:060:24:10

-Onions and leeks

-are from the same family.

0:24:110:24:14

-What mince are you using?

0:24:140:24:15

-What mince are you using?

-

-I've got some minced beef.

0:24:150:24:18

-You can use chicken or turkey mince

-to reduce the fat.

0:24:180:24:23

-I've added some beef stock

-to the pan...

0:24:240:24:27

-..as it has been frying

-for a long time.

0:24:280:24:31

-I'm using quality meat

-so it doesn't have a lot of fat.

0:24:310:24:37

-Years ago, you would have to drain

-the meat to rid of the fat...

0:24:380:24:42

-..but that isn't the case now.

0:24:430:24:46

-When the meat is cooked and

-the onion has softened...

0:24:460:24:50

-..add the other ingredients.

0:24:500:24:53

-I've got some fresh garlic.

0:24:530:24:57

-Give it a bang and

-chop it finely.

0:24:570:25:01

-A food processor can be used

-to chop the garlic.

0:25:020:25:05

-It's good to have texture.

0:25:050:25:08

-I've sliced a whole tomato.

0:25:080:25:11

-It breaks up the dish.

0:25:120:25:14

-There's more to the dish

-than just meat.

0:25:140:25:17

-It's easy to buy jarred sauce

-to make a lasagne.

0:25:180:25:22

-I can't believe you said that!

0:25:230:25:25

-But I didn't understand

-how simple it is to make.

0:25:250:25:30

-You can also make a lot and

-freeze it in small tubs.

0:25:300:25:35

-What sauce did you add?

0:25:350:25:39

-I added some of the stock.

0:25:390:25:41

-I'm using a beef stock today.

0:25:410:25:43

-I would usually use chicken stock...

0:25:440:25:46

-..but we want a rich taste

-to the lasagne.

0:25:460:25:49

-I've combined it with some water

-inside this pot.

0:25:490:25:53

-I've given it a shake in the jar.

0:25:530:25:56

-I've also got some tinned tomatoes.

0:25:560:25:59

-If you have tomatoes in the garden,

-you can use them.

0:26:000:26:04

-I've used tinned tomatoes and

-fresh tomatoes...

0:26:040:26:10

-..but I'm also using tomato puree...

0:26:100:26:14

-..to make the sauce richer in taste.

0:26:140:26:20

-It also thickens the sauce.

0:26:200:26:23

-It also gives it a wonderful

-red colour.

0:26:230:26:26

-Add some oregano.

0:26:270:26:29

-You can use parsley and thyme or

-any other herbs you have at home.

0:26:290:26:34

-Allow to simmer for 30 minutes

-to an hour.

0:26:350:26:38

-The consistency will change and

-this is one I made last night.

0:26:380:26:44

-The sauce tastes better

-the following day too.

0:26:440:26:49

-I like the frying pan with hearts.

0:26:490:26:53

-Next, I'm going to create

-the lasagne.

0:26:530:26:56

-You don't need to use a ladle...

0:26:560:27:02

-..but can use a cup or mug

-as it will make the job much easier.

0:27:030:27:07

-Place the mince in

-an oven-dish with a cup.

0:27:070:27:10

-Spread around the bottom

-of the dish.

0:27:110:27:13

-You can purchase pasta sheets

-in stores.

0:27:130:27:16

-Do you boil the lasagne sheets?

0:27:170:27:19

-Do you boil the lasagne sheets?

-

-The lasagne sheets go in raw.

0:27:190:27:22

-I've also made a white sauce

-which I'll spread over the mixture.

0:27:220:27:27

-The sauce has cooled down and

-has hardened.

0:27:280:27:32

-The pasta will cook in the moisture

-of the sauce.

0:27:320:27:38

-Add another layer of the mince.

0:27:380:27:42

-Place pasta sheets over the mince.

0:27:420:27:47

-If you have any gaps...

0:27:480:27:50

-..make sure

-you try to cover them up.

0:27:510:27:56

-Finish with the sauce.

0:27:560:27:59

-You could also place some cheese

-on the top.

0:28:000:28:03

-Should you always finish

-with the sauce?

0:28:030:28:06

-Yes, you could add some cheese

-or tomatoes on the top.

0:28:060:28:11

-You can chill it in the fridge

-before cooking it in the oven.

0:28:110:28:17

-When I was a child...

0:28:180:28:19

-..one of my favourite programmes

-was Blue Peter...

0:28:200:28:23

-..and I desperately wanted

-one of the famous badges.

0:28:230:28:27

-This year, the series is marking

-a special milestone...

0:28:270:28:31

-..its 60th anniversary.

0:28:310:28:33

-Daf Wyn joined the celebrations

-by meeting two people...

0:28:330:28:38

-..who own the famous badges.

0:28:380:28:40

-Blue Peter...

0:28:410:28:43

-..the blue boat started its journey

-almost 60 years ago.

0:28:440:28:49

-This is the world's longest running

-children's programme.

0:28:490:28:54

-Familiar Welsh faces, like Gethin

-Jones have presented the show.

0:28:540:28:59

-Today, it celebrated

-its 5,000 programme.

0:29:000:29:04

-When I think of Blue Peter,

-I think of three things.

0:29:050:29:08

-I think of the arts and crafts...

0:29:090:29:11

-..and the saying

-"here's one I made earlier".

0:29:110:29:14

-Then, I think of the presenters...

0:29:140:29:17

-..and lastly,

-the Blue Peter badge.

0:29:170:29:20

-I was nine when I had this

-and it has seen better days...

0:29:200:29:26

-..but I treasure it.

0:29:260:29:29

-How common are these badges?

0:29:290:29:33

-How did you get your badge?

0:29:380:29:40

-I was in Bridgend with my father...

0:29:410:29:43

-..and noticed a goat with a number

-of badges on its back.

0:29:440:29:48

-One was a Blue Peter badge.

0:29:480:29:50

-I wondered how the goat

-had the badge.

0:29:510:29:56

-I wrote to Blue Peter and

-told them about my experience...

0:29:560:30:01

-..and my prize was the badge.

0:30:010:30:04

-I saw the envelope in the hall

-with BBC written on it...

0:30:040:30:10

-..but I didn't know

-who had written to me.

0:30:100:30:13

-Months later,

-I wore the badge to school...

0:30:130:30:18

-..and showed it to everyone

-in assembly.

0:30:180:30:23

-How does your badge differ to mine?

0:30:230:30:27

-Mine is much older than yours...

0:30:270:30:30

-..and is at least 20 years old.

0:30:300:30:33

-The colour has started

-to come off...

0:30:340:30:37

-..but I keep it in

-a special treasure box.

0:30:380:30:43

-Gareth and I

-are both proud of our badges...

0:30:430:30:47

-..but they can't compete

-with Trystan's collection.

0:30:480:30:53

-I would say that you're a superfan

-of Blue Peter, Trystan.

0:30:530:30:57

-I haven't met anyone

-with more than one badge before.

0:30:570:31:01

-Not many people can say they have

-four, but I was lucky.

0:31:010:31:05

-When did you get the first badge?

0:31:050:31:09

-They were searching for dancers

-under the age of 16 and I was nine.

0:31:090:31:14

-I appeared on the programme and

-danced with the Sugababes.

0:31:140:31:18

-The other three badges have come

-as a result of the first.

0:31:180:31:23

-I drew a picture of the presenters

-to get the blue badge.

0:31:230:31:29

-The green badge was for recycling

-and I wrote a poem about it.

0:31:290:31:34

-I believe only 50 of these

-gold badges exist in the world...

0:31:340:31:38

-..and it was to celebrate

-Blue Peter turning 50.

0:31:380:31:42

-I wrote to them and told them...

0:31:420:31:44

-..I'd been a viewer from a young age

-and I wanted another badge.

0:31:440:31:49

-You treasure these badges and

-you keep them safe.

0:31:490:31:53

-My mother looks after them and

-she often cleans them for me.

0:31:540:31:58

-The badges are unique and

-with living in a technical era...

0:31:590:32:03

-..it is something we can keep.

0:32:030:32:06

-This is an icon that

-has existed for decades.

0:32:060:32:10

-I would like the gold badge,

-but I haven't save anybody's life.

0:32:100:32:15

-I don't want anyone's life

-to be in danger either.

0:32:150:32:19

-They all seemed very proud

-of their badges.

0:32:250:32:29

-Have you heard of the North-East

-village of Whitford?

0:32:290:32:35

-The village is four miles West

-of Holywell...

0:32:350:32:39

-..and two miles South of Mostyn.

0:32:390:32:42

-Despite coming from the North-East,

-I don't know much about the village.

0:32:420:32:48

-Last week, the Heno cameras and

-Elin Fflur visited the village...

0:32:480:32:53

-..with two of the young residents.

0:32:540:32:57

-You've had the important task

-of taking me on a tour of Whitford.

0:33:000:33:06

-It's a beautiful

-and interesting village.

0:33:060:33:10

-Yes, and it only has a population

-of about 2,500.

0:33:100:33:15

-There isn't a shop or a pub

-but it has a school and a church.

0:33:150:33:19

-The church is the focal point

-of the village and it's very pretty.

0:33:190:33:24

-This has been a site of worship

-since the seventh or eighth century.

0:33:240:33:30

-It's home to an interesting memorial

-that we can show you.

0:33:300:33:35

-Great, let's go!

0:33:350:33:38

-This is the memorial

-for Thomas Pennant...

0:33:380:33:42

-..born of an aristocratic family in

-the 18th century at Downing Hall.

0:33:420:33:47

-He wrote books about his adventures

-and his interest in nature.

0:33:470:33:52

-Even Charles Darwin used his work...

0:33:530:33:55

-..which highlights the importance

-of his work.

0:33:550:33:59

-There's another interesting story

-on the other side of this church.

0:34:000:34:06

-The site

-is from the seventh century...

0:34:070:34:10

-..but this church is from the 1400s.

0:34:100:34:13

-We're in the oldest part

-with the 15th century ceiling.

0:34:130:34:18

-The Mostyn family

-also sat in this section...

0:34:190:34:23

-..when they came to church.

0:34:230:34:25

-They were important landowners

-in the area...

0:34:250:34:28

-..and across North Wales.

0:34:280:34:31

-The Mostyn family is buried here...

0:34:310:34:35

-..and this is the family's

-coat of arms.

0:34:350:34:38

-This has to be the only roundabout

-in Whitford!

0:34:400:34:45

-Yes, but it's also home

-to a very important tree.

0:34:450:34:51

-In 1877,

-the third Baron Mostyn was 21...

0:34:510:34:56

-..and to mark the occasion,

-they planted a tree.

0:34:560:35:00

-Unfortunately, the tree died.

0:35:000:35:02

-Two years ago, the Mostyn family

-donated another tree and this is it.

0:35:030:35:08

-That's brilliant and is a perfect

-roundabout for all travellers!

0:35:080:35:13

-The Maen Achwyfan Cross is the

-tallest in Britain at twelve foot.

0:35:140:35:20

-What's the story behind it?

0:35:200:35:23

-One story is of St Cwyfan preaching

-here in the seventh century...

0:35:230:35:28

-..and this was built

-to commemorate that event.

0:35:280:35:31

-It also explains its name

-of the Maen Achwyfan Cross.

0:35:310:35:37

-I've learnt a lot about Whitford

-as I knew nothing about it earlier.

0:35:370:35:42

-One thing I do know is that

-it's cold so let's go and warm up!

0:35:420:35:46

-That was very interesting.

0:35:510:35:53

-I hope Elin has managed to warm up.

0:35:540:35:57

-It's time for the final break.

0:35:570:35:59

-Still to come before 10.00am...

0:35:590:36:02

-..Theatr Genedlaethol Cymru wants

-to encourage all Welsh learners...

0:36:020:36:07

-..to attend their drama, Y Tad.

0:36:070:36:09

-Iolo Williams encourages us

-to go outdoors...

0:36:100:36:14

-..and make the most of nature

-during February.

0:36:140:36:18

-We close the programme with a song

-from the musician, Simon Chandler.

0:36:190:36:23

-Go and make a cuppa and

-we'll be back in a few minutes.

0:36:240:36:29

-.

0:36:320:36:32

-Subtitles

0:36:340:36:34

-Subtitles

-

-Subtitles

0:36:340:36:36

-Welcome back.

0:36:390:36:41

-The New Year

-brings a new timetable of dramas...

0:36:410:36:44

-..from Theatr Genedlaethol Cymru.

0:36:450:36:47

-The first for this year is Y Tad...

0:36:480:36:50

-..a Welsh translation by Geraint

-Lovgreen of a French drama...

0:36:500:36:55

-..that's considered

-a modern classic.

0:36:550:36:58

-Let's find out more about how they

-hope to welcome Welsh learners.

0:36:580:37:03

-This year, we're concentrating

-on productions...

0:37:150:37:19

-..with health, care, community and

-welfare themes.

0:37:190:37:24

-We're marking 70 years

-since the NHS was established.

0:37:240:37:29

-Health is a hot topic and

-it affects us all.

0:37:290:37:34

-We're all very dependent

-on the health service...

0:37:340:37:38

-..be it directly or

-knowing someone else.

0:37:390:37:41

-The drama is about living

-with dementia.

0:37:420:37:46

-We see the drama through the eyes

-of the individual with dementia...

0:37:470:37:52

-..and we also see how everyone

-around him deals with the condition.

0:37:520:37:57

-There are many interesting layers

-that unfold through the characters.

0:37:570:38:02

-Supper will be ready in 10 minutes.

0:38:020:38:05

-That's fine.

0:38:050:38:09

-Hello.

0:38:120:38:13

-Do you want food, Dad?

0:38:140:38:16

-Yes.

0:38:160:38:18

-We've got strangers eating with us

-tonight?

0:38:180:38:21

-No, why?

0:38:220:38:23

-No reason.

0:38:240:38:25

-Y Tad is a drama...

0:38:270:38:30

-..that has intense and

-difficult themes.

0:38:300:38:35

-I play the role of Pete...

0:38:350:38:38

-..who is the husband or partner...

0:38:380:38:43

-..of Arwyn's daughter.

0:38:430:38:46

-Arwyn is the dementia sufferer.

0:38:460:38:50

-He lives with Ann and Arwyn.

0:38:500:38:56

-Pete sees that Arwyn is suffering...

0:38:560:39:00

-..with the illness...

0:39:000:39:04

-..and wants him to get help...

0:39:040:39:08

-..at a mental health hospital.

0:39:080:39:11

-We've created a pack

-for higher level Welsh learners.

0:39:120:39:17

-To coincide with the production,

-we have the Sibrwd app.

0:39:180:39:22

-You can download the app and

-take it to the theatre...

0:39:220:39:26

-..and it will whisper in your ear

-while the drama takes place.

0:39:260:39:32

-We hope that Welsh learners from

-across Wales will come to see it...

0:39:320:39:36

-..and will use the app.

0:39:370:39:38

-I play the role of Laura.

0:39:390:39:41

-She's a laid-back character...

0:39:420:39:45

-..that comes to take

-care of the father.

0:39:460:39:49

-He gets along well with her.

0:39:490:39:52

-There are challenging elements

-to the drama.

0:39:520:39:57

-We've laughed a lot in rehearsals...

0:39:570:40:01

-..but we're not laughing at dementia

-sufferers, but laughing with them.

0:40:010:40:07

-The topic asks difficult questions

-of society.

0:40:070:40:12

-How will we get to grips

-with this subject?

0:40:120:40:15

-How do we care for these people...

0:40:150:40:20

-..and their carers within society?

0:40:200:40:25

-Y Tad will be touring...

0:40:300:40:33

-..between 21 February

-and 16 March.

0:40:330:40:38

-For information, visit the website

-www.theatr.cymru

0:40:380:40:42

-Every month on Heno,

-the naturalist, Iolo Williams...

0:40:420:40:46

-..encourages us to go outdoors and

-enjoy what's around us.

0:40:460:40:51

-During February, he's decided

-to concentrate on the coast.

0:40:510:40:56

-Enjoy.

0:40:560:40:58

-I've come to the seaside...

0:41:050:41:07

-..but it isn't bucket and spade

-or ice cream season...

0:41:070:41:12

-..but any season on the beach

-is great for wildlife.

0:41:120:41:17

-One of the most common things you'll

-see on a pebble beach is seaweed.

0:41:200:41:26

-There are many different types.

0:41:260:41:29

-The change in colour from the top of

-the beach to the sea is interesting.

0:41:290:41:34

-Higher up the beach the seaweed

-is brown and familiar to the eye.

0:41:340:41:39

-The green seaweed is found nearer

-the sea and in the water.

0:41:400:41:44

-Red seaweed is found in the sea.

0:41:440:41:49

-The changes in colour depends on

-the amount of sunlight they receive.

0:41:500:41:54

-There's a lot of sunlight at the top

-of the beach and little in the sea.

0:41:550:42:00

-This is the reason for the

-different coloured seaweed.

0:42:000:42:04

-If you go to the seaside,

-you're guaranteed to see seagulls.

0:42:050:42:10

-This is the Herring Gull...

0:42:100:42:14

-..and is one

-of the most common seaside birds.

0:42:140:42:17

-This is the Black-headed Gull

-in her winter coat.

0:42:190:42:25

-She doesn't have her dark head

-as it develops in the spring.

0:42:250:42:30

-These "Llygad Maharen" or Limpets

-are interesting creatures.

0:42:340:42:40

-When the tide is out,

-they glue themselves to the rocks...

0:42:400:42:45

-..but when the tide is in...

0:42:450:42:48

-..they wander the rocks and feed.

0:42:480:42:52

-They'll eat the seaweed or algae

-that attempt to grow on the rocks.

0:42:530:42:59

-When the tide goes out...

0:42:590:43:03

-..they return

-to their previous spot...

0:43:040:43:09

-..and use their muscle to attach

-themselves to the rock...

0:43:090:43:14

-..until the tide comes back in.

0:43:140:43:17

-When you come to the beach,

-it's worth looking in the pools...

0:43:230:43:27

-..and raising some of the rocks.

0:43:270:43:30

-I've raised this rock and

-found anemone.

0:43:310:43:34

-When the tide is in...

0:43:340:43:38

-..the tentacles

-they use to catch pray appear.

0:43:390:43:44

-When the tides out,

-the tentacles retract...

0:43:450:43:49

-..and it looks like red jelly.

0:43:490:43:53

-I've also found starfish

-hiding under the rock.

0:43:530:43:57

-These starfish have five arms.

0:43:570:44:01

-I'm going to put it back carefully,

-just as I found it.

0:44:010:44:07

-Oh, I was hoping to catch

-a crab for you.

0:44:140:44:18

-This is the most common crab

-you'll find on the seaside.

0:44:180:44:22

-It has many names

-including Carcinus Maenas...

0:44:230:44:27

-..Green crab or Shore crab.

0:44:270:44:30

-They're usually green, but can also

-be orange, blue or brown.

0:44:310:44:36

-This is a female crab...

0:44:360:44:41

-..and if I turn her over...

0:44:410:44:44

-..you can see that she's carrying

-thousands of small orange eggs.

0:44:440:44:50

-It's important that I return her

-to the same spot.

0:44:500:44:55

-It's worth searching down

-by the sea...

0:45:010:45:05

-..as you find unexpected things.

0:45:060:45:09

-It looks like a brush has been used

-to paint orange on to this rock.

0:45:090:45:15

-Believe it or not,

-this is a sponge...

0:45:150:45:19

-..and it's a special type

-that's called crumb of bread sponge.

0:45:200:45:25

-I could stay here all day...

0:45:290:45:32

-..but a word to the wise,

-the tide is beginning to come in.

0:45:320:45:36

-The beach is a place of fun full of

-wildlife, but it can be dangerous.

0:45:370:45:42

-Keep an eye out,

-be aware and be safe.

0:45:420:45:47

-I'm going to make my way

-back up the beach.

0:45:470:45:50

-I'll see you next month.

0:45:500:45:52

-That was wonderful.

0:46:010:46:03

-I live a stone's throw away

-from the beach...

0:46:030:46:06

-..and there's nothing better

-than sea air.

0:46:060:46:10

-Earlier in the programme...

0:46:100:46:13

-..we had a chat with Simon Chandler.

0:46:140:46:17

-If you didn't see the chat,

-Simon is originally from London...

0:46:170:46:21

-..but lives in Manchester.

0:46:210:46:24

-Simon learnt Welsh

-a year and a half ago...

0:46:240:46:27

-..and considers himself a Welshman.

0:46:270:46:30

-Simon is a talented musician.

0:46:310:46:34

-Let's hear some of his performance

-from Heno.

0:46:340:46:39

-# Hold on to your song

0:46:400:46:43

-# Without a doubt, you're the fire

0:46:440:46:47

-# Shine and show the truth

0:46:490:46:55

-# Your confidence is magic

0:46:580:47:02

-# The words that I express

0:47:030:47:07

-# I'm true to protecting you

0:47:080:47:12

-# I will never leave your side

0:47:130:47:16

-# You're safe from every pain

0:47:160:47:21

-# You will live

0:47:230:47:26

-# Forever #

0:47:270:47:35

-That was great.

0:47:430:47:45

-That's all we have time for.

0:47:450:47:47

-Another hour has passed us by.

0:47:470:47:49

-I'll be back the same time

-next week.

0:47:500:47:53

-I hope you enjoy the rest of your

-weekend and the week ahead.

0:47:530:47:58

-Good morning.

0:47:580:48:00

-S4C Subtitles by Tinopolis.

0:48:170:48:20

Golwg ar rai o eitemau diweddar y cyfresi Heno a Prynhawn Da sydd o ddiddordeb penodol i'r rhai sy'n dysgu Cymraeg. Items from Heno or Prynhawn Da of interest to Welsh learners.