Sun, 15 Feb 2015 11:30 Dal Ati


Sun, 15 Feb 2015 11:30

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-Subtitles

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-Subtitles

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-Good morning.

-Are you enjoying your Sunday?

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-I'm looking forward to having a look

-around the home...

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-..of another interesting person.

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-Welcome to Adre.

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-This week,

-I'm in Llandaff, Cardiff...

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-..to find out who lives

-in this wonderful house.

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-Come with me

-and we'll search for clues...

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-..to help us work out

-whose home this is.

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-Remember, if you need help

-to follow the programme...

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-..go to the website

-and download the app.

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-And don't forget the subtitles!

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-On the wall there's a map of India

-and a map of Ceredigion.

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-I'd say the people who live here

-bring those two places together.

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-This person

-won a BAFTA Cymru award in 2006...

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-..when he worked for the BBC

-in the political unit.

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-On the wall here,

-we have the family's timetable.

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-Between rugby, swimming lessons,

-orchestra practise, piano lessons...

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-..yoga classes and ballet classes...

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-..I'd say the family

-which lives here is very busy.

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-This person has learned Welsh.

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-He was a finalist

-of Welsh Learner Of The Year...

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-..at the Vale Of Glamorgan

-National Eisteddfod 2012.

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-Well, Ashok Ahir and his family

-live in this lovely house.

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-Here's a clip of him

-presenting a programme on S4C...

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-..where he took us behind the scenes

-of [email protected] 2014.

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-Eight famous celebs gathered for

-a week in Nant Gwrtheyrn to cook...

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-What is wrong with you?

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-..play in the mud...

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-..fall into the water...

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-Oh, dear!

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-..and learn Welsh.

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-Turn and turn our hands.

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-During the next hour...

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-..I'll show you what happened

-behind the scenes.

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-Welcome to [email protected]

-Tu Ol I'r Llen.

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-I'm Ashok Ahir and I was a finalist

-of Welsh Learner Of The Year 2012.

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-Originally from Wolverhampton...

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-..Ashok lives in this house

-with Manon, his wife...

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-..and their children -

-Maya, Noa and Osian.

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-Ashok, thank you for the

-warm welcome to your wonderful home.

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-We last met on the [email protected] set.

-Did you enjoy it?

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-Yes, it was

-quite a special experience.

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-Not only because I got to work

-with people like you...

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-..but also because

-I got to go behind the camera.

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-I'm used to working behind

-the camera but not in front of it.

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-It was interesting to be behind

-and in front of the camera.

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-It was also great to be part of

-a series for fellow learners.

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-Why did you learn Welsh

-and when did you do that?

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-My wife comes from Aberystwyth

-originally and she speaks Welsh.

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-It wasn't really an option

-for me not to learn Welsh.

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-Our oldest child

-is almost 13 years old...

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-..so I decided about ten years ago

-that I had to try to learn Welsh.

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-The time came when we decided

-to stop speaking English at home...

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-..and make Welsh

-the language of our home.

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-How did you do that?

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-Do you have any tips for learners?

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-I was the person

-who had to push for it.

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-Everyone else in the house

-spoke Welsh.

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-I asked them not to turn to English

-when we had Sunday lunch...

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-..but to carry on speaking Welsh.

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-Everyone accepted that.

-It wasn't a problem.

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-If you don't give people a chance

-to do that, it won't happen.

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-You, as a learner, must give them

-permission to carry on in Welsh.

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-Was Learner Of The Year

-a good experience?

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-Yes, and a chance to show everyone

-I'd reached a certain level...

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-..and that I was confident enough

-to speak Welsh in public.

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-It's like a public declaration.

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-I'm learning Welsh.

-Speak Welsh with me.

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-People came up to me and said they

-had no idea I was learning Welsh.

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-People I've known for 15 years.

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-That was the biggest step of all.

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-Tell me about your work.

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-You were at the BBC for years.

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-Yes, I used to be a journalist.

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-I was the head

-of the BBC Wales political unit...

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-..for, gosh, a decade!

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-Prior to that, I worked in London

-on programmes like Six O'Clock News.

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-I mainly worked

-in the field of politics.

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-You and Manon, your wife,

-now run your own company.

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-Yes, we run a communication agency.

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-We work with companies on the way

-they communicate with the public...

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-..with their clients,

-with their staff...

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-..and with the government.

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-Does the ability to speak different

-languages help you in your work?

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-It helps to speak Welsh because

-we're a bilingual company.

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-We help businesses and organizations

-to improve their Welsh.

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-Thank you for the chat.

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-Is it time to let me have a snoop

-around your house?

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-Some other people in the house

-say you can't see their room...

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-..but I may let you!

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-You've been cleaning!

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-You've been cleaning!

-

-I have.

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-This hall is lovely,

-with all these original features.

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-I take it the floor is original.

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-Yes. It was one of the first things

-which caught my eye about the house.

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-It goes through the whole

-ground floor. We're very lucky.

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-What about this wood?

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-What about this wood?

-

-There's wood throughout the house.

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-The wood you see here

-is original to the house...

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-..which was built

-in the early 1900s.

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-Tell me about that picture.

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-It's a piece of art from one of

-the villages in southern India.

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-It depicts a scene...

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-..where villagers are

-preparing a bride for her wedding.

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-This is a cosy lounge.

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-Your family comes from the

-Punjab region of India originally.

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-Where is that piece from?

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-This was our wedding present

-from my brother.

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-It's a Buddha's head.

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-This came from Asia...

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-..and it's been there

-since we moved into this house.

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-These are old spice boxes

-from Indonesia.

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-Wow!

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-That's another picture from India.

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-It's an original piece

-from Rajasthan.

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-There are clues from India,

-particularly Punjab...

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-..through the house.

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-This is nice - a dining room

-right next to the kitchen.

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-Do you eat together every night?

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-Yes, we try to sit down during the

-week and make time for each other.

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-We talk about our day.

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-Do you spend time in this playroom

-as a family?

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-No, we do shifts!

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-The children are here

-until their bedtime.

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-Manon and I use it after supper.

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-Who's the jazz fan?

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-Who's the jazz fan?

-

-I like jazz.

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-I like a lot of 1960s stuff -

-Brazilian, samba and classic jazz.

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-We created this with the children.

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-We all read and we found postcards

-and framed them.

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-That's nice.

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-Do you read Welsh, English

-or Punjabi books?

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-Mainly Welsh

-and, of course, English.

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-I don't read Punjabi with them.

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-My Punjabi is really rusty

-when it comes to reading it.

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-But we have bought English books

-of Indian stories for the children.

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-They like a mixture

-of English and Welsh books.

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-Of course,

-they do a lot of reading at school.

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-It helps them

-to read English at home too.

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-We find books

-which aren't part of the curriculum.

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-May we take a look upstairs?

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-May we take a look upstairs?

-

-Yes.

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-We're on the first floor.

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-What rooms are here?

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-That's the boys' room.

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-Manon and I sleep over here.

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-Just through there is the bathroom.

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-Beyond the bathroom

-is Maya's room...

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-..and a guest bedroom.

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-I also use it as a dressing room.

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-My clothes are spread between

-upstairs, my bedroom and that room.

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-What's on the top floor?

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-What's on the top floor?

-

-An office and Manon's dressing room.

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-Let's take a look.

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-We're in the attic room.

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-The bookshelves

-are full of travel guides.

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-Have you seen a lot of the world?

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-Have you seen a lot of the world?

-

-Yes, we've travelled a lot.

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-We've travelled independently,

-through work, and together.

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-We've visited lots of places.

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-Standing proudly on the shelf

-over there is a BAFTA Cymru award.

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-The two of us won that together

-in 2006.

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-We won it for a BBC programme...

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-..covering the official opening

-of the Senedd.

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-We now help run the

-communications side of the BAFTAs.

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-Can you put a word in for me?

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-I've never won one.

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-If they leave one lying around,

-you can have it!

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-We'll take a break, so grab a cuppa.

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-Join me in a few minutes

-to meet the rest of Ashok's family.

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-.

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-Subtitles

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-Subtitles

-

-Subtitles

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-Welcome back.

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-I'm at home with Ashok Ahir

-and his family.

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-How do you usually

-spend your Sundays?

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-Like most people, we love to cook.

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-Are you a good cook?

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-I'm not sure about that

-but I enjoy it.

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-I enjoy the experience

-of playing with food.

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-There are lots of fresh ingredients

-there, so shall I be your sous-chef?

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-If you'll be my sous-chef,

-I'll cook for you.

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-Great. What shall we cook?

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-A simple, vegetable dish...

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-..and aloo gobi -

-cauliflower and potatoes.

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-Indian food is my favourite cuisine.

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-We started

-by preparing the vegetables.

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-Is Indian food

-and Punjabi food the same?

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-If you dine

-in restaurants in Britain...

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-..the majority of the dishes you eat

-are Punjabi.

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-In Indian restaurants?

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-In Indian restaurants?

-

-Yes.

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-Take a masala, for example.

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-The only people in India

-who make masala sauces...

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-..are people in the north.

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-Punjabis, in other words.

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-When I cook a curry, I always start

-with onions, garlic and ginger.

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-That's the base for any curry.

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-I remember being in the kitchen

-when I was a child...

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-..with my mother

-and my grandmother...

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-..helping out with chopping onions

-or crushing chillies and ginger.

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-I learned by watching them.

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-The smell I remember from back then

-is onions, garlic and ginger...

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-..cooking with a bit of chilli.

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-With the first step complete, Ashok

-added vegetables and cooked them.

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-Meanwhile, some hungry mouths

-were waiting to be fed.

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-Papa, I'm hungry!

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-Wow!

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-That looks wonderful.

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-Papa speaks Punjabi with you.

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-Mam speaks Welsh with you.

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-What do you speak with each other?

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-We speak Welsh

-and some Punjabi words...

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-..which we were brought up with

-since we were little.

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-We reply to Papa's Punjabi in Welsh.

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-He answers us in Welsh or Punjabi.

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-Teach me something simple

-in Punjabi.

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-If you want to say 'my name is'...

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-..you say 'merra nam hai'

-and then your name.

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-Merra nam hai Nia.

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-How do you do?

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-Merra nam hai Nia.

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-Manon, while Ashok

-gets some more chapatis...

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-..tell me the story of how you met.

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-Love at first sight?

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-Love at first sight?

-

-No. Definitely not!

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-We worked together

-in the BBC news room for years.

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-We were both journalists.

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-We were friends for a long time.

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-I went to work in London for

-a few years and Ashok worked here.

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-We didn't work in the same city

-until after we got married.

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-He caught the train to London

-every Sunday night...

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-..for the first year

-of our marriage.

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-What about your wedding?

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-What about your wedding?

-

-We had two wedding ceremonies.

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-The first was a traditional,

-Welsh ceremony...

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-..but with a strong Indian flavour.

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-It was held in my chapel

-in Aberystwyth.

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-There were chillies on the windows

-and in the flower arrangement.

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-We included quite a few readings

-in the service.

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-At some point

-during the wedding breakfast...

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-..all the aunties on Ashok's side

-took over and they started to dance.

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-They made their own music

-and started to sing.

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-We had a jazz band, but they decided

-to ignore it for a while!

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-We ended up with half an hour

-of jazz and half an hour of Bhangra.

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-It was a mixture of both

-and it was fantastic fun.

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-It was a blend of everything but it

-was really colourful and wonderful.

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-Two wedding days? Perfect!

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-Two wedding days? Perfect!

-

-Two outfits, mind you.

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-Obviously!

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-Full to bursting with tasty food,

-we went for a walk in the park.

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-We're walking

-through Pontcanna Fields...

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-..which are very close to your home.

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-Yes - just down the hill.

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-Do you come here often?

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-Yes, I'm here every weekend.

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-The boys play rugby -

-one over there and one over here.

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-They play for different clubs,

-so there's competition in the house.

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-They're arch rivals!

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-Do you think Cardiff is a nice city?

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-Yes, and that's one of the reasons

-we're bringing up our children here.

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-It's a perfect city for families but

-it's also great for young people.

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-I first came to Cardiff

-to study at the university.

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-It's a brilliant city for students.

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-There's plenty to do...

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-..and plenty of places to go out

-without having to travel far.

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-I didn't have a car when I was

-a student, so I walked everywhere.

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-It's big enough...

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-..but it's also small enough

-to have a community feel.

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-Yes, and since my student days

-I've crossed the bridge...

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-..from east to west Cardiff.

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-When you live and work in Cardiff...

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-..you see the city

-in a totally different light...

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-..from your student days.

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-It's nice to have a cuppa

-after our walk.

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-Ashok, tell me about

-your original home.

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-Wolverhampton.

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-When we moved to Britain,

-we all lived in one house.

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-We moved here as a family,

-with Mum and Dad...

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-..and we lived around the corner

-from my grandparents' house.

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-Were you a large family?

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-Were you a large family?

-

-I have two brothers and one sister.

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-Do your parents

-still live in Wolverhampton?

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-Yes, but they spend half their time

-in Wolverhampton and half in Punjab.

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-Tell me about life out there.

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-Do you visit regularly?

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-Do you visit regularly?

-

-Yes, we go every other year.

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-That's how it's been

-since we've had children.

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-It's a bit strange

-because I left when I was three...

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-..and I didn't go back

-until I was something like 27.

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-After that, I went every year, then

-every other year with the children.

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-That's what we aim for.

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-Would you ever go back

-to live in India?

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-Do you feel pulled there?

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-Do you feel it's your home...

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-..or is this your home?

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-I have different elements of 'home'

-in different places...

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-..but Cardiff is my home.

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-Ashok, tell me what three things

-you'd save from a fire.

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-The first item is in the corner.

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-It's an old record player.

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-It's an HMV model from the 1920s.

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-I like it because

-it plays my old jazz 78s.

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-I'm always on the lookout

-for more 78s...

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-..but it plays the ones I do have

-perfectly.

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-Has it been in your family

-since the 1920s?

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-Well, it was a present

-from a family member.

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-He found it on eBay

-and gave it to me!

0:21:410:21:43

-What's the second thing?

0:21:440:21:46

-It's a bit big and it's upstairs.

0:21:460:21:49

-Come upstairs to see it.

0:21:490:21:50

-Come upstairs to see it.

-

-No problem.

0:21:500:21:51

-This is my gentleman's compendium.

0:21:560:21:57

-This is my gentleman's compendium.

-

-A wardrobe designed for men?

0:21:570:21:59

-Yes, the idea of the compendium

-dates back to Victorian times...

0:21:590:22:04

-..but this is Edwardian,

-which is the same era as the house.

0:22:050:22:10

-It fits in.

0:22:100:22:11

-Can I take a peek inside?

0:22:110:22:13

-Yes, if you like.

0:22:140:22:16

-Hey! A hanging rail for suits.

0:22:170:22:19

-The shoe section.

0:22:200:22:21

-The shoe section.

-

-Yes, plus my sports kit.

0:22:210:22:23

-A modern gentleman's compendium

-includes a gym kit!

0:22:230:22:27

-These are the drawers

-and this is the part I really like.

0:22:270:22:31

-It's like being

-in an old clothes shop.

0:22:310:22:34

-The drawers pull out.

0:22:360:22:38

-Even the ones made later than

-this period include four drawers.

0:22:390:22:43

-It's a lovely compendium.

0:22:450:22:47

-Good luck carrying that out!

0:22:510:22:53

-Good luck carrying that out!

-

-It was carried in here, in sections.

0:22:530:22:56

-I could get it out,

-depending where the fire is!

0:22:570:23:00

-My third item is down here.

0:23:000:23:02

-That's nice.

0:23:070:23:08

-Ashok and Manon's wedding,

-2nd of September 2000.

0:23:080:23:12

-Was it a present?

0:23:120:23:14

-Yes, from the artist Bethan Clwyd,

-who's one of Manon's best friends.

0:23:140:23:19

-She took inspiration

-from our wedding day to create this.

0:23:190:23:23

-Manon's dress was a combination

-of a Punjabi bridal lehenga...

0:23:240:23:29

-..and a Welsh wedding dress.

0:23:300:23:33

-It was gold coloured.

0:23:350:23:37

-We wore blue shirts.

0:23:380:23:39

-That's where the blue is from.

0:23:390:23:42

-The green comes from Ceredigion.

0:23:430:23:46

-We had our wedding party

-at Ty Nanteos Mansion...

0:23:460:23:50

-..following the wedding service

-in the centre of Aberystwyth.

0:23:500:23:55

-That's lovely

-and it's really personal too.

0:23:560:23:59

-I had a great day

-with you and your family. Thank you.

0:24:000:24:03

-I had a warm welcome

-from Ashok Ahir and his family.

0:24:140:24:17

-Join me next time to spend time

-at home with another famous face.

0:24:170:24:22

-Until then, goodbye.

0:24:220:24:24

-.

0:24:250:24:25

-Subtitles

0:24:290:24:29

-Subtitles

-

-Subtitles

0:24:290:24:31

-I'm Mioko and I come from Japan.

0:24:380:24:42

-I live in Cardiff.

0:24:440:24:46

-I'm learning Welsh.

0:24:510:24:52

-My husband is Welsh.

0:24:540:24:55

-We have two daughters.

0:24:560:24:58

-My husband

-speaks Welsh to our daughters.

0:25:000:25:06

-That's why

-I need to be able to speak Welsh.

0:25:080:25:11

-I feel

-it's difficult to learn Welsh.

0:25:170:25:19

-My husband and our daughters

-speak excellent Welsh.

0:25:200:25:25

-I don't always understand

-what they're saying.

0:25:260:25:31

-They just talk very quickly.

0:25:330:25:35

-It's really difficult

-to keep up with what they're saying.

0:25:350:25:40

-I wanted to learn Welsh

-when I lived in Japan...

0:25:450:25:49

-..but it was quite difficult

-to get a source of Welsh...

0:25:510:25:55

-..when I was in Japan.

0:25:560:25:57

-I found out

-that somebody was looking for...

0:25:580:26:02

-..a Welsh - Japanese

-language exchange partner.

0:26:030:26:07

-I thought, "Great!"

0:26:080:26:09

-That's when I saw my husband

-for the first time.

0:26:130:26:16

-I learned Welsh from him.

0:26:200:26:22

-We got married afterwards.

0:26:300:26:32

-My first impression of Wales...

0:26:370:26:39

-..was there are a lot of parks

-and spaces here.

0:26:400:26:43

-There aren't many spaces in Japan.

0:26:440:26:47

-The advice I give is to be in that

-environment as much as possible.

0:26:520:26:58

-My husband and my daughters

-speak Welsh at home.

0:26:590:27:04

-I hear it all the time.

0:27:060:27:08

-To be soaked

-in that language...

0:27:090:27:12

-..helps you speak Welsh yourself.

0:27:120:27:15

-But I also

-need to attend Welsh classes...

0:27:230:27:28

-..as well as speaking the language

-at home.

0:27:320:27:35

-That's important as well.

0:27:370:27:39

-I think both sides.

0:27:400:27:42

-Learning on paper...

0:27:430:27:45

-..and learning at home by talking to

-people who speak that language.

0:27:460:27:52

-I'm Phillip Moore.

0:28:190:28:21

-I'm a consultant surgeon...

0:28:220:28:26

-..at Ysbyty Gwynedd.

0:28:270:28:28

-I specialize

-in ear, nose and throat.

0:28:300:28:33

-Does your throat feel better now?

0:28:370:28:39

-Yes. It's dry and I'm coughing.

0:28:390:28:42

-OK.

0:28:430:28:44

-Does your nose become blocked?

0:28:450:28:48

-Does your nose become blocked?

-

-Yes, and it's runny.

0:28:480:28:49

-I come from Barbados originally.

0:28:500:28:53

-Barbados is a small island

-in the Caribbean Sea.

0:28:540:29:00

-I moved to Britain in 1996.

0:29:010:29:06

-I've been working in Britain...

0:29:120:29:15

-..for about 13 years.

0:29:170:29:19

-I'd never worked in Wales.

0:29:260:29:28

-I had an opportunity

-to come and work here...

0:29:320:29:37

-..back in 2010.

0:29:380:29:40

-I've fallen in love with the place.

0:29:430:29:47

-I've been learning Welsh

-since October 2010.

0:29:520:30:01

-The most difficult thing

-about learning Welsh...

0:30:060:30:12

-..is the mutations.

0:30:130:30:15

-I wanted to learn Welsh

-for two reasons.

0:30:220:30:25

-Number one, I wanted a challenge.

0:30:270:30:30

-Number two,

-I think it's an excellent thing...

0:30:330:30:39

-..to be able to talk to patients

-in their own language.

0:30:390:30:43

-It's my intention to become fluent

-in the near future.

0:30:470:30:52

-When I want to relax,

-I like to play golf.

0:30:540:30:57

-I'm also a keen tennis player.

0:31:000:31:02

-I play golf

-at St Deiniol Golf Club in Bangor.

0:31:030:31:08

-The golf helps me learn

-how to swear in Welsh!

0:31:110:31:15

-I really enjoy watching television.

0:31:330:31:37

-My favourite programme is Cyw

-because I can understand it!

0:31:400:31:46

-I watch Hwb too, of course!

0:31:480:31:50

-See you soon.

0:31:510:31:52

-See you soon.

-

-Thank you.

0:31:520:31:53

-I'm Jackie Wilmington.

0:32:150:32:17

-I'm a vet.

0:32:180:32:19

-I don't work

-in an ordinary practice.

0:32:200:32:22

-I work in the pathological

-veterinary laboratories...

0:32:230:32:27

-..on Buarth Road, Aberystwyth.

0:32:280:32:30

-I've been interested in farm animals

-since I was a young girl.

0:32:300:32:36

-I do use my Welsh here,

-in the laboratory.

0:32:410:32:44

-Most of the local farmers

-speak Welsh.

0:32:440:32:47

-Very often, when we discuss

-technical matters...

0:32:500:32:53

-..they're the ones

-who use the English words!

0:32:540:32:59

-I do the same thing.

0:33:000:33:02

-If I can't remember

-the correct Welsh word...

0:33:030:33:06

-..I'll use the English word.

0:33:070:33:09

-They prefer me to do that

-than to turn back to English.

0:33:090:33:15

-I first started to learn Welsh when

-I worked in Ruthin, in the 1980s.

0:33:180:33:24

-I only learned a little bit.

0:33:260:33:28

-Just enough to socialize, really.

0:33:310:33:33

-I took it up again when I moved

-to Aberystwyth around 20 years ago.

0:33:340:33:40

-I sat the first Gorsedd Y Beirdd

-entrance exam last year.

0:33:450:33:50

-I intend to sit the second exam

-this year.

0:33:550:33:57

-If I'm successful, I'll feel as

-though I really belong to Wales.

0:33:590:34:05

-If I moved to America, I could

-become a naturalized citizen...

0:34:090:34:13

-..and make it official.

0:34:140:34:16

-Unfortunately,

-I can't do that in Wales.

0:34:160:34:19

-One of the things which

-I still find difficult is dialect.

0:34:220:34:27

-I also struggle with strong accents.

0:34:280:34:31

-Anglesey accents are really tricky.

0:34:320:34:35

-I watch and listen to TV programmes

-where they use various accents...

0:34:360:34:42

-..and I try to work out

-what's being said.

0:34:430:34:47

-Welsh is quite a difficult language

-to learn.

0:34:520:34:56

-Of course, everyone grumbles

-about the mutations!

0:34:570:35:02

-If you want to become fluent,

-you've got to keep going.

0:35:050:35:09

-Take every opportunity you get

-to talk Welsh to fluent speakers...

0:35:110:35:17

-..and you'll blossom.

0:35:180:35:20

-I'm Hugh Brightwell and I've been

-learning Welsh since 2010.

0:35:360:35:41

-Today, we're in the garden

-of my house in Cheshire.

0:35:410:35:45

-I've lived in Cheshire

-since I was born...

0:35:450:35:49

-..but my mother was born in Rhos,

-near Wrexham.

0:35:510:35:54

-My mother never spoke Welsh to me...

0:35:560:35:58

-..but according to the 1911 census,

-my grandmother spoke Welsh.

0:36:000:36:04

-She spoke English too.

0:36:050:36:06

-My whole family was bilingual.

0:36:110:36:13

-I've had an interest in trains

-since I was young.

0:36:210:36:24

-When I retired, I decided to build

-a railway in my garden.

0:36:260:36:30

-This is a very Welsh railway!

0:36:320:36:35

-There's a lot of slate here

-and a little cottage.

0:36:370:36:41

-I also have some Welsh trains...

0:36:410:36:44

-..especially ones from

-the Welshpool And Llanfair Railway.

0:36:440:36:49

-It's impossible to run the train

-around the track in my garden today.

0:36:570:37:02

-There's a lot of work to be done

-after the awful weather we've had.

0:37:030:37:07

-The rails aren't level

-because the soil has moved.

0:37:080:37:11

-The sun is shining now and I look

-forward to working in the garden...

0:37:120:37:17

-..and running my trains

-in the sunshine.

0:37:170:37:20

-I visit Wales on many weekends

-during the year...

0:37:270:37:31

-..especially in the summer.

0:37:310:37:33

-I wanted to be able to say,

-"Good morning! How are you?"...

0:37:340:37:38

-..but not in English!

0:37:390:37:40

-I can now say,

-"Sut mae? Ti'n iawn?"

0:37:400:37:43

-It's important for me to go

-to classes and do the homework.

0:37:450:37:50

-I would also recommend the

-Say Something In Welsh website.

0:37:500:37:54

-They teach you to say

-good afternoon, good night...

0:37:560:38:00

-..I want to go, I want to do

-and so on.

0:38:000:38:02

-I think the combination

-of Say Something In Welsh...

0:38:030:38:06

-..and ordinary Welsh classes at a

-night class or something similar...

0:38:070:38:12

-..is the ideal way to learn Welsh.

0:38:130:38:15

-.

0:38:260:38:26

-*

0:38:340:38:34

-Hello! I'm Craig ab Iago.

0:38:340:38:36

-In this series,

-I look at people and places...

0:38:360:38:39

-..which are part

-of the story of Wales.

0:38:390:38:42

-Welcome to Pwt O Hanes.

0:38:420:38:44

-Subtitles

0:38:460:38:48

-In this programme,

-we'll talk about some Welsh legends.

0:38:510:38:55

-People who have left their mark

-on Wales and the Welsh language.

0:38:560:39:00

-First, a Welshman whose name

-everyone has heard - St David.

0:39:040:39:08

-He gave his name

-to the national day of Wales.

0:39:080:39:11

-March 1st, St David's Day.

0:39:120:39:15

-It's believed St David died

-on March 1st around the year 589.

0:39:150:39:19

-Why and how did David become famous?

0:39:200:39:22

-When he was a young man...

0:39:230:39:25

-..David travelled across South Wales

-the south of England and Brittany...

0:39:250:39:30

-..talking about Jesus Christ.

0:39:300:39:33

-Back in Wales, David became

-the head of a monastery...

0:39:340:39:37

-..in a region called Menevia.

0:39:380:39:40

-Everyone at the monastery

-lived a simple life...

0:39:420:39:45

-..of hard work and prayer.

0:39:460:39:48

-David became famous throughout Wales

-and beyond.

0:39:490:39:53

-David's final message

-to his people was...

0:39:530:39:56

-.."Rejoice. Keep the faith.

-Do the little things."

0:39:560:40:00

-Following his death,

-many stories grew around David...

0:40:010:40:05

-..and he became

-the patron saint of Wales.

0:40:050:40:08

-When the Normans arrived...

0:40:100:40:12

-..they built a cathedral

-on the site of the old monastery.

0:40:120:40:16

-Over the centuries, St David's

-became important to Christians...

0:40:170:40:21

-..and thousands of people came here

-every year on a pilgrimage.

0:40:220:40:26

-Today, pilgrims and tourists still

-flock to St David's Cathedral...

0:40:270:40:33

-..to commemorate Saint David.

0:40:330:40:35

-Let's move on to the 14th century.

0:40:460:40:49

-One of the great poets of that time

-was a man called Dafydd ap Gwilym.

0:40:490:40:54

-Dafydd came from Llanbadarn Fawr,

-near Aberystwyth.

0:40:550:40:59

-He came from a family

-of Welsh gentry.

0:41:000:41:03

-We call the poets of this period

-the Poets Of The Nobility.

0:41:030:41:07

-The poets' main job...

0:41:070:41:09

-..was to sing the praises

-of the noble families.

0:41:090:41:13

-But Dafydd's poetry is different.

0:41:160:41:19

-He used themes which were popular

-throughout Europe...

0:41:190:41:23

-..nature and romantic love.

0:41:230:41:25

-Like the European poets, Dafydd used

-everyday language in his poetry.

0:41:270:41:31

-Dafydd also used a new form or style

-of Welsh poetry called the cywydd.

0:41:320:41:37

-No one is entirely sure

-when Dafydd ap Gwilym died.

0:41:420:41:45

-His grave

-is at Strata Florida Abbey...

0:41:460:41:48

-..and Aled Sam and John Davies

-visited the place.

0:41:490:41:52

-Strata Florida,

-near Pontrhydfendigaid...

0:41:580:42:02

-..is a two for

-the price of one location.

0:42:020:42:05

-An important monastery and the grave

-of one of Europe's greatest poets.

0:42:060:42:11

-Dafydd ap Gwilym's memorial stone

-bears the dates 1320 to 1380...

0:42:120:42:18

-..but nobody knows the dates

-of his birth or death.

0:42:180:42:23

-He died quite young.

-He'd lived a naughty life!

0:42:230:42:26

-He'd done more mileage

-than his age perhaps suggested!

0:42:260:42:30

-We go forward now

-to the 18th century...

0:42:510:42:54

-..the time

-when Methodism came to Wales.

0:42:540:42:57

-One of the leaders of this period

-was a man called Howel Harris.

0:42:570:43:02

-Howel was born on Trefeca Farm

-near Talgarth.

0:43:020:43:05

-When he was young,

-Howel was a teacher...

0:43:060:43:08

-..but, after hearing

-the vicar of Talgarth preaching...

0:43:090:43:13

-..Howel decided to leave teaching

-and become a Methodist preacher.

0:43:140:43:18

-By 1750, Howel had fallen out with

-other Methodist leaders in Wales...

0:43:200:43:25

-..so he returned to Trefeca to start

-a new religious community...

0:43:270:43:31

-..called The Trefeca Family.

0:43:310:43:34

-On the farm,

-they developed new ways of farming.

0:43:350:43:39

-Before his death,

-he opened a college in Trefeca.

0:43:390:43:43

-Trefeca College

-is still there today...

0:43:450:43:48

-..and in it there's a museum

-to remember Howel Harris.

0:43:480:43:52

-Aled Sam and John Davies

-visited the place.

0:43:520:43:55

-A small museum

-charts Howel Harris's life story.

0:43:560:43:59

-Between his conversion in 1735 and

-establishing The Family in 1752...

0:44:020:44:07

-..he spent the entire time

-on preaching missions.

0:44:080:44:12

-He drew a map of his journey.

0:44:120:44:15

-Here in the centre

-is his home in Trefeca.

0:44:150:44:19

-In the north,

-he visited Caernarfon and Bangor.

0:44:190:44:24

-He went to Llangeitho and Tregaron

-in the west.

0:44:240:44:27

-In the east was London,

-with Swansea and Neath in the south.

0:44:280:44:32

-This map is written in English

-but he would have preached in Welsh.

0:44:320:44:37

-He could preach in Welsh...

0:44:380:44:40

-..but I doubt

-Welsh was his first language.

0:44:410:44:44

-On we go to the 19th century,

-to Daniel Owen.

0:44:520:44:55

-He was the father

-of the Welsh novel.

0:44:560:44:58

-The Charles Dickens of Wales.

0:44:580:45:01

-Daniel was born in Mold.

0:45:010:45:03

-His father died

-when Daniel was a baby.

0:45:030:45:06

-His family had no breadwinner,

-so they were very poor.

0:45:060:45:10

-Young Daniel

-had little schooling.

0:45:100:45:13

-When he was 12, he went to work

-as an apprentice to a tailor.

0:45:130:45:18

-The two major influences

-on Daniel Owen's life...

0:45:200:45:23

-..were Bethesda Chapel

-and the tailor's shop.

0:45:240:45:27

-He went to Bala College to prepare

-to be a Methodist minister...

0:45:270:45:31

-..but he had to leave collect

-to care for his mother and sister.

0:45:320:45:36

-Daniel went back

-to work in the tailor's shop.

0:45:360:45:40

-This is where he began to write...

0:45:400:45:42

-..and take an interest in people

-and their characters.

0:45:420:45:46

-Daniel was soon

-running his own clothing business.

0:45:470:45:50

-Daniel Owen wrote his first story

-when he was 43 years old.

0:45:500:45:54

-Two of his great novels

-are Rhys Lewis and Enoc Huws.

0:45:550:45:59

-Like Dickens, his novels first

-appeared episodically in magazines.

0:46:000:46:05

-Aled Sam visited Mold to see

-how the town remembers Daniel Owen.

0:46:060:46:10

-You can walk around

-the centre of Mold in 15 minutes.

0:46:170:46:21

-The streets are full of references

-to its most famous son...

0:46:230:46:27

-..the novelist, Daniel Owen.

0:46:290:46:31

-He worshipped here and his workshop

-has now been turned into a bar.

0:46:310:46:36

-Very handy!

0:46:360:46:38

-Here he is - Dan the man!

0:46:390:46:41

-Daniel Owen stands tall

-in the centre of Mold.

0:46:410:46:44

-The inscription on the statue is

-written in Welsh, English and Latin.

0:46:450:46:50

-Neque sapientibus neque eruditis

-sed populo scripsi.

0:46:510:46:56

-What does that mean?

0:46:560:46:57

-Not for the wise and learned

-have I written...

0:46:590:47:02

-..but for the common man.

0:47:020:47:05

-There we are.

0:47:060:47:07

-Four legends who left their mark

-on Wales and the Welsh language.

0:47:080:47:12

-How many of today's famous people

-will be remembered in the future?

0:47:120:47:16

-S4C subtitles by Eirlys A Jones

0:47:340:47:36

-.

0:47:360:47:37

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