Mon, 11 Dec 2017 Ffermio


Mon, 11 Dec 2017

Gyda ffermydd yn ddrud i'w prynu, bydd Meinir yn gofyn oes yna ffordd arall i ffermwyr ifanc fentro i'r diwydiant. With farms expensive, Meinir asks how young farmers can enter ...


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-The price of hay has doubled

-over the past year.

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-What effect has it had

-on Welsh farmers?

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-If it continues in this vein,

-and a lot of it is being used...

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-..there's no doubt

-it'll become scarcer.

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-Stock levels will fall and fall.

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-Also tonight, with the cost

-of buying a farm so high...

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-..is there another way in

-for prospective farmers?

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-It's very difficult for those

-wanting to become farmers.

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-You need a Lottery win

-to buy a farm.

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-A partnership gives you

-a better opportunity.

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-How has a Bethesda brewery

-helped a pig breeder?

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-The lads decided to brew

-their own beer in Bethesda.

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-I realised that some barley

-would become available.

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-Almost every farm uses hay

-at some point...

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-..either as a bed for animals

-or to add fibre to the diet.

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-This year, the price is as high

-as it's ever been.

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-I'm at Stow-on-the-Wold Rugby Club

-in the Cotswolds...

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-..for the largest hay sale

-of the year...

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-..to learn more about the situation.

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-This is the first sale of the year.

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-It will set the price for hay

-for the rest of the season.

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-The room is packed

-with buyers from across Britain.

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-One of them is Geraint Morris.

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-What are his views on the situation?

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-There's a definite shortage.

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-If it continues in this vein,

-and a lot of it is being used...

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-..it'll become scarcer.

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-Stock levels will fall and fall.

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-Are people panicking when they say

-they might run out before March?

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-There has been an element

-of panic buying.

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-People wanting one load

-are buying three.

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-They're splitting loads,

-keeping them back for a week...

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-..before coming back again.

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-Every time I come back,

-the price goes up.

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-In many of the places

-I've visited...

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-..with people I've dealt with

-for years...

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-..where only myself and two

-or three others buy from there...

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-..people are phoning

-from all around.

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-The catalogue doesn't help

-me that much.

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-Irish and Scots

-are buying from my sellers.

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-Today, the average price

-was 130 for a tonne of hay.

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-It's double the average price

-this time last year.

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-Freight costs are added

-on top of that.

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-Adrian Cannon from Tayler

-and Fletcher organised today's sale.

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-It's been an exceptional sale,

-an extraordinary one.

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-There's a demand,

-there's not the supply.

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-There was a wet harvest,

-a tricky harvest.

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-The choppers went in, maybe not

-enough was being offered at harvest.

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-People said,

-"Right, well, I've got to get on."

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-The arable farmers around here,

-they just want to get planted.

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-It's more important to them

-to plant next year's crop...

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-..than worry about whether

-they'll get the price on straw.

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-If they see what we've got here

-today, they'd be kicking themselves.

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-That's the season

-and every season is different.

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-This one is making

-an exceptional season.

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-I don't know if it's doing

-anyone any good.

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-It's swings and roundabouts.

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-What's going to happen next year?

-It shifts from year to year.

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-Sometimes in farming

-we need stability.

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-Can I ask you, sir, what's brought

-you here all the way from Wales?

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-This is where we get our hay

-when there's a shortage on farms.

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-We've bought a few loads...

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-..to make sure we have enough hay

-for our faithfuls...

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-..to look after them.

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-The price has increased...

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-..almost double what we were

-paying here last year.

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-That's going to make

-a big dent in the pocket.

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-There were people here today...

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-..who couldn't quite believe

-the price they'd paid for the hay.

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-I'm one of them.

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-I don't know. I know after today,

-whoever I phone will want more.

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-There's no doubt about that.

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-I've bought some at the sale today,

-the price was high.

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-That's where the price

-is going to be.

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-It's an expensive time.

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-One farmer who's worried

-about the increase in price...

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-..and the effect

-it'll have on his business...

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-..is beef, sheep and dairy farmer

-Andrew Jones.

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-Andrew, what's the main use of hay

-on your farm?

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-We've been dependant on hay

-for many years.

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-So far, we use 50 tonnes a year...

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-..because we winter the sheep

-and lamb inside.

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-Of course, we looked at ways

-of using less hay for cattle...

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-..by moving on to sawdust.

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-Others have moved to sand and paper.

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-We have to use hay

-for the calves and heifers...

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-..because they need to be

-kept clean.

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-If we feed them silage,

-they become too wet and dirty.

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-Did you have spare hay this year

-or have you bought some in?

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-We bought one load. We've bought

-from the same supplier for 30 years.

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-Fair play,

-he's been good to us over the years.

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-At times, he might have been

-more expensive...

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-..but we've stuck to the supplier.

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-This year,

-I'm hoping he'll look after us.

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-Will there be enough hay available

-later in the season?

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-The price is double

-what it was last year.

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-Almost.

-I hope it doesn't get that high.

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-We need it, we're dependant on it

-because we lamb indoors.

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-We don't take any of the sheep away.

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-We might be better off

-doing that this year, who knows?

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-With the price of milk and red meat

-higher this year...

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-..compared to previous years...

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-..is hay price another obstacle

-to farmer's increasing their income?

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-They're talking about a year

-of high prices at the moment.

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-Next year might be very different.

-We've seen prices lower than this.

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-Will one year alter your system

-or will you continue as you are?

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-We'll continue,

-there's no other choice.

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-There might be another wet year

-next year.

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-The English weather

-controls everything.

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-If the English don't harvest

-their wheat, we suffer.

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-Would you change your system

-because of the price of hay?

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-No, not at all.

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-Hay has been expensive for years.

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-We're in this system

-and we're sticking to it.

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-I spoke to a farmer the other

-day who lambs 1,000 sheep indoors.

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-He was considering lambing out this

-year because of the shortage of hay.

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-We have to get used to prices

-going up and down.

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-For a dairy farmer, you're used

-to volatility in prices.

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-We've got used to that

-over the years.

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-The milk price is high

-at the moment.

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-If the hay price rose again,

-it could cause problems for farmers.

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-It could cause

-a lot of strain and stress.

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-The forecast for hay prices

-this season - it will be expensive.

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-Who knows what will happen

-to next year's crop?

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-Supply and demand

-are controlling the price.

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-It's time for a break.

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-After the break, what is the link

-between beer and pigs?

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-We'll also discuss opportunities

-for future farmers. See you soon.

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-.

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-An increasing problem

-for many farmers these days...

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-..is knowing when and how

-to retire...

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-..leaving the next generation

-to take the reins.

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-What if no-one follows you?

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-Sometimes, all you need

-is a little advice and support.

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-After years of working on farms...

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-..Rhys Richards

-from Talybont, Aberystwyth...

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-..wanted to start farming

-on his own farm...

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-..but didn't know how to do it.

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-He then heard about the Venture

-enterprise from Farming Connect.

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-It pairs young farmers without farms

-with farmers looking to retire.

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-For the past year, he's farmed

-with the Nichols brothers...

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-..on Gernant Farm near Rhydlewis.

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-I was working for a contractor.

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-That's when I looked into

-partnership farming.

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-I was shearing in New Zealand...

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-..and I spoke to many farmers

-out there.

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-I saw that shared farming and

-partnerships worked for them there.

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-I returned to Wales and looked

-into renting a farm...

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-..or becoming a tenant farmer.

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-I soon realised that a partnership

-was the best option for me.

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-Could you see a future for you

-in farming...

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-..without this kind of partnership?

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-No.

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-It's very difficult for young people

-to get into farming.

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-You need a Lottery win

-to buy a farm.

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-Sometimes that's not enough.

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-I could have carried on

-working for others...

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-..but a partnership

-gives you a better opportunity.

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-It also gives you more

-responsibility in farming.

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-Einir Davies

-is the mentoring programme manager.

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-She's leading this project.

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-The 102 applicants

-who've registered with Venture...

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-..will be given plenty of support

-to realise their dreams.

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-It was established two years ago.

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-Since then,

-we've paired 36 people together.

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-We're working with those

-partnerships right now...

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-..to support them

-to establish new business plans.

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-We're also supplying

-the right legal advice...

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-..to make sure that

-a formal arrangement exists...

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-..and make sure the needs of both

-parties are represented formally.

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-Seven enterprises

-have now been completed formally.

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-How difficult is it

-to find the right pairing?

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-We have balanced levels of people...

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-..offering opportunities

-and wanting opportunities...

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-..balanced levels

-have registered with the scheme...

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-..but we've seen limited numbers

-of young farmers...

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-..taking advantage

-of those opportunities.

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-One of obstacles they noted...

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-..was their desire

-to stay within their locality.

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-They wanted to stay close

-to their family homes.

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-Rhys is an example of someone who's

-ready to overcome that obstacle...

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-..to succeed as a farmer.

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-Rhys was led through the small print

-by CARA...

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-..a company which gives farmers

-specialist advice.

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-It looks challenging initially

-but once you're in to it...

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-..you get a lot of help

-from Farming Connect...

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-..and John Crimes from CARA

-helped with the paperwork.

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-We moved on to where we are today

-after a trial of six months.

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-It's worked out well.

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-Tell us about the partnership.

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-We had a six-month trial to see

-if everything worked out between us.

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-I live in the farmhouse

-with the boss.

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-Moving forward,

-I have a five-year contract.

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-I'm hoping to get a 50% share

-of the cattle.

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-What's the key to the success

-of this partnership?

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-Getting on with your partners.

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-If you don't get on,

-there's no point starting.

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-It'll just eat you up

-from the inside.

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-Here on Gernant Farm,

-Nick and David Nichols...

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-..are glad that Rhys

-joined the business.

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-The brothers keep 70 crossed

-Limousin Simmental suckler cattle...

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-..in an organic system

-on 320 acres of land.

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-We were finding

-the physical work more difficult.

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-We had the worry

-that if one of us became ill...

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-..the one left would be swamped.

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-Not too much work for a young man

-but for an old man, it is too much.

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-We thought about

-letting the farm out.

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-We were advised that perhaps

-the farm would deteriorate.

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-Maintenance wouldn't be done

-to our standards.

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-We went to John Crimes at CARA...

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-..and he came up

-with the idea of this partnership.

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-We took a gamble

-and it's working very well.

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-We've all got to get on well

-for the partnership to work.

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-We all say what we're thinking

-or come up with different ideas...

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-..and sort it out from there.

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-We seem to be getting on like

-three brothers. It's working well.

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-When you introduce new ideas,

-are they ready to listen?

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-They're more than ready

-to listen to new ideas.

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-They're not old-fashioned,

-they're open to my ideas.

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-If we discuss the idea

-and we're all agreed, we try it.

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-If it doesn't work,

-we put it down to experience.

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-What's your advice to someone in the

-same position you were in last year?

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-I'd encourage them to look into it.

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-There are plenty of farms out there

-looking for someone like me...

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-..to help on the farm.

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-If you don't like it,

-there's a six-month trial.

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-It's hard

-to get into farming these days.

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-At the moment, this was

-the best option I could find...

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-..to achieve a career in farming.

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-This scheme provides

-the ideal answer for both parties.

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-The opportunity for the two brothers

-to slow down...

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-..without having

-to give up completely...

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-..and the opportunity

-for a young man to farm.

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-After travelling to New Zealand

-and returning to Wales...

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-..I didn't think

-I'd have a career in farming.

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-It's important not to give up.

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-Looking in to this partnership

-is the best thing I've ever done.

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-According to CAMRA,

-the campaign for real ale...

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-..29 pubs close each week

-in Britain.

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-One part of the industry that's

-growing is the brewing sector.

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-There are 40 breweries

-in North and West Wales.

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-One brewery

-that was established recently...

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-..is Cwrw Ogwen in Bethesda.

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-There are ten shareholders

-in the brewery.

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-One of them is Elfyn Roberts.

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-Two years ago,

-I retired as a teacher.

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-We had a conversation

-when we were in Portmeirion.

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-I was wondering what to do

-after retiring.

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-A group of us decided to open

-a brewery in the Ogwen Valley.

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-We have plenty of drinkers

-and pubs here.

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-Successful breweries had been

-established on the Lleyn Peninsula.

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-We all decided to give it a go

-and that's how the journey started.

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-Ten of us came together

-and invested some money.

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-Since it was formed,

-the brewery has worked...

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-..with local farmer and contractor

-Gareth Wyn Jones.

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-He has an agreement with Cwrw Ogwen.

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-Gareth collects the waste

-from the brewery business...

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-..and feeds it

-to his cattle and pigs.

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-He's here twice a week

-to collect the barley...

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-..and his pigs flourish

-on the barley.

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-I've eaten a piece of the pork -

-it's wonderful.

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-The taste is evident in the pork.

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-He comes back every week.

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-It's important to see rural

-businesses working together.

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-With the price

-of animal feed increasing...

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-..every help is a blessing.

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-What's the story of your

-relationship with Cwrw Ogwen?

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-I already knew all the lads.

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-We'd drink in the Sior in Bethesda.

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-The lads decided to brew

-their own beer in Bethesda.

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-I realised that some barley

-would become available.

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-I gave it to the cattle first

-but they weren't eating it all.

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-The lads were busy so I kept

-getting more and more of it.

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-I decided that the best option

-would be feeding it to pigs.

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-You bought the pigs to eat

-the barley you were receiving.

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-Do they fatten well

-on Cwrw Ogwen barley?

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-Yes, they do.

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-I add some feed to it, some protein.

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-I think there's a lot of goodness

-in this barley.

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-I think there's something in it

-because they're doing well on it.

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-Until when do you keep the pigs?

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-I buy them in

-when they're two months old.

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-I keep them for around four months.

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-When they're about six months old,

-they're ready.

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-I try to get them up to 80 kilos.

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-They're sent for slaughter

-when they're about 60.

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-Do you sell the meat?

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-Do you sell the meat?

-

-In boxes of quarters.

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-With a 60-kilo pig,

-you get four boxes of 15 kilos.

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-That's ideal for people.

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-Brewing high quality beer

-is no mean feat.

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-Judging by the popularity

-of this beer...

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-..they must be doing

-something right.

0:19:560:19:59

-Is it almost ready, Richard?

0:20:000:20:02

-Another 10 minutes,

-then I can add the hops...

0:20:030:20:06

-..and let it boil

-for a little longer.

0:20:070:20:09

-How much beer can you get

-from this large barrel?

0:20:090:20:13

-About five casks -

-there are 72 pints in a firkin.

0:20:130:20:18

-This is enough for five firkins.

0:20:180:20:20

-How many firkins

-do you sell every week?

0:20:210:20:25

-Ten. We brew twice a week.

0:20:250:20:27

-We've sold ten every single week.

0:20:270:20:30

-Is that enough?

0:20:300:20:32

-No. We're looking to expand

-the business in the new year.

0:20:320:20:36

-We'll invest in new gear

-to produce 25 firkins at a time.

0:20:380:20:42

-The more barley you use here...

0:20:420:20:45

-..the more pigs

-will be fattened in Gerlan.

0:20:450:20:50

-They had four there

-at the beginning of the year.

0:20:500:20:53

-There are 13 there now.

0:20:540:20:56

-The people of Bethesda

-will live on beer and pork.

0:20:560:20:59

-And bacon!

0:21:000:21:02

-There's no waste here, Gareth.

-The little piggies enjoy their food.

0:21:080:21:14

-They clean their troughs.

0:21:140:21:16

-Is this the way you'll develop

-as a farmer?

0:21:170:21:20

-For someone like me

-on a small farm...

0:21:200:21:23

-..it's the only way forward.

0:21:230:21:25

-I've built this shed and the shed

-will have to pay for itself.

0:21:250:21:32

-The only way is to keep animals in

-all the time.

0:21:320:21:36

-I'll sell the meat locally

-to people.

0:21:360:21:39

-How many pigs do you have now?

0:21:390:21:41

-I have 14 here now.

0:21:420:21:44

-You might have 140 here

-this time next year.

0:21:440:21:48

-You enjoy it.

0:21:480:21:50

-Yes indeed. It gives me pleasure.

0:21:500:21:52

-Enterprise is important

-for people in rural Wales.

0:21:540:21:58

-It's good to see these two

-businesses succeeding together.

0:21:580:22:02

-What are your hopes for the future?

0:22:030:22:05

-It would be nice to expand

-and employ local people...

0:22:060:22:09

-..and give Gareth more barley

-to help him develop his business.

0:22:100:22:14

-You're supporting a local man who's

-trying to make a living in farming.

0:22:140:22:19

-We're helping each other

-in a close knit community.

0:22:200:22:23

-It's very important.

0:22:230:22:24

-Good luck to the new enterprise.

0:22:320:22:34

-That's all for this week. We're back

-at the same time next week.

0:22:340:22:38

-Thanks for joining us. Cheerio.

0:22:380:22:41

-S4C Subtitles by Adnod Cyf.

0:22:580:23:00

-.

0:23:010:23:01

Gyda ffermydd yn ddrud i'w prynu, bydd Meinir yn gofyn oes yna ffordd arall i ffermwyr ifanc fentro i'r diwydiant. With farms expensive, Meinir asks how young farmers can enter the industry.


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