Mon, 13 Nov 2017 Ffermio


Mon, 13 Nov 2017

Dilynwn Gareth Wyn Jones wrth iddo hel y defaid o'r Carneddau a bydd Alun yn cwrdd â bridwyr moch ifanc. Gareth Wyn Jones brings in the sheep from the Carneddau. Alun meets pig ...


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-A warning for farmers

-to be vigilant for diseases.

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-If these sheep had MV, I couldn't

-sell them or take them to shows.

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-The sheep would lose so much value.

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-Also on the programme,

-how much of a challenge is it...

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-..to round up sheep on the Carneddau

-for Gareth Wyn Jones.

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-We're shouting at each other.

-We don't have any walkie-talkies.

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-There's plenty of whistling and

-shouting. That's rounding up sheep.

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-Valuable experiences

-for pig breeders of the future.

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-A crew of London-based chefs will

-visit me at the end of the month...

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-..to improve the link between people

-like me and restaurants in London.

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-Over the years, thousands of cattle

-have been imported to Britain...

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-..with 37,000 cattle imported

-in 2014.

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-This is a way

-to develop new breeds...

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-..and introduce new blood

-to the country.

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-It also brings its own problems,

-including diseases.

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-One disease which struck the UK

-for the first time in 2007...

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-..was bluetongue disease.

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-It's a disease

-which affects ruminants.

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-It doesn't affects

-horses, pigs or people.

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-Recently,

-cattle imported from France...

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-..have been found with the disease

-in England and Scotland.

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-One who's very aware of

-the consequences of bluetongue...

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-..is vet and farmer

-Rhys Beynon-Thomas.

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-The main symptoms, as the name

-of the disease would suggest...

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-..especially with sheep,

-the heads are swollen...

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-..there are ulcers

-around the mouth...

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-..saliva secretes from the mouth...

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-..and there are ulcers

-around the coronary bands.

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-The tongue can swell up

-with a little infection.

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-With cattle, the symptoms won't be

-as visual in the early stages.

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-There can be swelling

-in the udders.

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-Often, the only symptom

-is a high temperature.

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-The animals will look ill and tired.

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-It can have a serious effect

-on fertility in cattle...

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-..and milk production,

-especially in the dairy herd.

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-What's the most dangerous time

-for the animals to be infected?

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-It's a virus

-which is transferred by insects.

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-An gnat will sting

-an infected animal...

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-..and move on to sting

-a healthy animal.

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-The worst time is when

-the weather is relatively mild...

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-..when gnats and midges

-are prevalent.

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-That time is usually over

-by October...

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-..but it's rather mild today

-and it's the first week of November.

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-The insects are still around.

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-It's not possible for the disease

-to spread directly...

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-..from cow to cow or sheep to sheep.

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-Not directly, no, but when we import

-animals that have the disease...

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-..our own animals can be infected

-through insects.

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-The infected animals in England

-and Scotland have been destroyed.

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-There's a strong sense

-of frustration.

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-We're quite safe in Wales

-at the moment.

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-As a vet,

-what's your advice to farmers?

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-It's a known disease.

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-If farmers suspect that their

-animals have been infected...

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-..they should contact

-their local vet.

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-Useful advice from Rhys and he

-will be back with us in Part 2...

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-..to discuss another virus which

-is a cause for concern on farms.

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-Next, let's join Gareth Wyn Jones.

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-He's rounding up sheep

-on the Carneddau.

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-We're looking down at Llyn Anafon.

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-We're getting ready to round up.

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-I hope the boys of Abergwyngregyn

-are on their way up.

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-I can't do this on my own.

-The weather's changed.

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-The mist's coming in,

-as is the rain.

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-I hope we can start right away.

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-It's a miserable old morning.

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-This is one of the last round-ups

-this year. We need them in today.

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-When we're rounding up

-other sheep...

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-..we gather up as many as we can.

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-This time, we need to get

-every single sheep off the mountain.

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-The wind's picked up considerably

-but the sun's out.

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-There's no mist.

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-I'm waiting for the lads to come up

-and then we can head down.

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-This group of lads

-come from the Falls area.

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-John Glyn, Wil Pen Llyn.

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-They're going over

-in that direction.

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-We're heading down to Nant Yr Afon.

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-Gareth, Hefin, Arwyn and Dad

-are on their way behind them.

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-I hope we can start

-in two minutes' time.

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-Here are the lads!

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-It's clear enough - we can set off.

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-Let's go then.

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-I hope the mist doesn't fall

-or we'll get lost!

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-Away we go.

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-Away we go.

-

-We'll see you later.

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-Wil's off. He's forgotten something.

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-He's shifting his backside

-to catch up with the others!

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-Our crew has arrived.

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-We're about to leave. Gareth's

-at the top, Arwyn's in the middle.

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-Hefin's at the bottom.

-I'll be below him.

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-We'd best get on with it now.

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-My family have rounded up sheep

-on these mountains for centuries.

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-I feel very fortunate

-to be part of this world.

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-My father taught me about

-Cerrig Pryfaid, Blaen y Ddalfa...

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-..and Cors Lladron.

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-You can't find these names

-on maps...

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-..but local farmers know

-where all these locations are.

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-It's important

-to keep the names alive.

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-I've reached Clogwyn Llyn before

-they've come all the way around.

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-That's important. If there's a touch

-of mist, the sheep could slip back.

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-It's important that everyone

-keeps their line.

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-We're shouting at each other.

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-We don't have any walkie-talkies.

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-There's plenty

-of whistling and shouting.

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-That's rounding up sheep.

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-It's gone well up to now.

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-There aren't as many sheep today

-as there were.

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-The weather was rough on Friday

-so we got some of them down then.

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-I'll stay on the track.

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-I can tell them

-if they've missed some of the sheep.

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-I used to go all the way to the top

-but I have two new knees now!

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-We found a lamb that's been up here

-all winter. It was quite weak.

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-When a dog appears,

-sheep tend to become suicidal.

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-It went head over heels.

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-It found itself stuck on a ledge

-and the dog chased it.

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-It was perfectly fine in the end.

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-It's not one of ours

-but we weren't going to leave it.

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-After a few hours, it was nice

-to see the sheep pen and home.

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-Well, that's a job well done.

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-This is the ideal time

-to round up sheep.

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-There are few lambs

-and the ewes are ready to come down.

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-The weather was on our side today.

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-The wind was at our backs

-and the sheep came down quickly.

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-We'll have to sort out these sheep.

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-We'll take out those

-that belong to others.

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-Some belong to College,

-some belong to Wyn.

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-Ours will head down to Plas Newydd

-where we'll separate them twice.

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-We'll separate them

-into three groups on the road now.

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-We'll have to do it quickly,

-I can hear horns beeping!

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-Square it up, come straight back.

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-He's changing his mind!

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-He's changing his mind!

-

-Square it up!

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-We found three sheep,

-that's how it goes sometimes.

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-We round up for everyone.

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-It's important

-to clear the mountain.

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-The sheep split up in the mist.

-The lads at the top weren't happy!

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-We'd better go.

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-That's what happens when you round

-up sheep, three sheep came down.

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-This is the smallest number

-we've ever had.

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-No-one will believe me.

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-It's a good sign that we

-rounded up most of them earlier.

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-Most of the sheep

-came down before them.

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-They're all here,

-ready to take a ram...

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-..at the end of the week.

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-The final round-up is done.

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-To think we only found three sheep,

-there are far more below us.

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-These were collected

-when we rounded up before.

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-It's a good time -

-the hard work is done.

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-It's time for the ram now.

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-That's when our year begins,

-when the rams run with the sheep.

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-That's when the lambs are created.

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-That'll become our profit

-at the end of the year.

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-It starts here. We're hoping

-for another great year.

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-A successful day for Gareth.

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-After the break, we'll hear

-more veterinary advice...

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-..and we'll meet some pig farmers.

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-Subtitles

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-Subtitles

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-Subtitles

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-Welcome back.

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-In Part 1, we heard about

-bluetongue disease.

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-Another virus detected in

-the United Kingdom is Maedi Visna.

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-The disease is on the increase...

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-..and it was found in 20%

-of the commercial flocks...

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-..tested between May 2016

-and May 2017.

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-What is Maedi Visna?

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-It's a disease that was imported

-to the country originally.

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-It's an infectious disease

-caused by a virus.

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-It can be transferred from sheep

-to sheep, from sheep to lamb...

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-..and in the semen.

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-We often forget about that transfer.

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-In terms of the symptoms,

-there are chronic characteristics.

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-Someone might buy an infected sheep

-today with no symptoms present.

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-She can be in the flock for

-many years without showing symptoms.

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-In that time, she can infect

-a large proportion of the flock.

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-There are two types of symptoms

-for Maedi Visna.

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-There's chronic pneumonia

-without any rise in temperature.

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-The sheep will show signs

-of a dry cough.

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-It will show signs of deterioration

-in its weight and shape.

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-There are neurological symptoms.

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-A seemingly healthy sheep

-will lose its balance and fall over.

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-There's no treatment

-for the disease.

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-Destroying it and selling it

-for meat is the only answer...

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-..when Maedi Visna

-is detected in the flock.

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-If Maedi Visna was detected in

-your flock, it could be disastrous.

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-We have a Berrichon flock,

-there are requirements...

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-..to test the flock for MV.

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-If MV was found in this flock,

-I couldn't show, sell in shows...

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-..or show in the Royal Welsh.

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-To be honest, the sheep would lose

-a great amount of value.

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-Some sheep societies

-have very strict regulations...

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-..regarding Maedi Visna.

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-All the monitoring schemes

-are voluntary.

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-The cost is placed

-on the pedigree herd.

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-The flock's blood

-is tested annually...

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-..depending

-on the flock's condition...

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-..to permit farmers

-to show and sell the sheep.

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-There are two rings

-in the Royal Welsh...

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-..one for MV-monitored sheep

-and one for non-monitored sheep.

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-Would it be a good idea if the

-government supported this scheme...

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-..to safeguard the country's flocks.

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-That's possible.

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-It would be good if more research

-was done into cases in this country.

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-Farmers can make decisions

-when they know...

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-..where the disease is at its worst.

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-If farmers suspect their

-commercial flock has the disease...

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-..we can do spot checks

-if you contact your local vet.

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-We can test the sheep to determine

-if the flock is healthy.

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-There's a strong demand for bacon.

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-We import 95% of what we eat

-in Wales every year.

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-In other words, only 5% of bacon

-we eat in Wales comes from Wales.

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-There are plans

-to change the situation.

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-There are around 25,000 pigs

-in Wales...

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-..producing 3,200 tonnes of bacon

-every year.

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-The intention is to increase the

-national herd to develop the sector.

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-Melanie Cargill is responsible

-for the Menter Moch project.

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-It's funded by the Welsh Government.

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-We're trying to develop

-the pig sector.

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-We're trying to make it more

-profitable, efficient and robust.

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-Four young farmers

-were chosen over the summer...

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-..and the project

-has given them five pigs each.

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-It will kick-start them

-into the sector...

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-..and give them the opportunity

-to start a new enterprise.

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-We'll train them to ensure

-they know what they're doing...

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-..and make sure they're happy

-to rear the pigs.

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-We're looking forward

-to the Winter Fair.

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-Our final competition of the year

-is the carcass competition.

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-Each one of the four

-will have an opportunity...

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-..to enter a carcass

-in that competition.

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-Menter Moch Cymru works

-with Welsh young farmers' clubs...

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-..to offer practical experience

-of rearing pigs to their members...

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-..to help build a profitable

-and sustainable enterprise.

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-Naomi Nicholas from Pont Hywel,

-Efailwen, is part of the scheme.

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-All of a sudden,

-they're all interested, Naomi.

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-Indeed they are.

-That's all they need.

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-Tell me more about the background.

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-How did you become interested

-in keeping pigs?

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-I started farming Tamworths

-about two or three years ago.

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-I enjoyed the experience,

-we had some lovely meat.

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-I read on Facebook

-about this enterprise...

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-..between the YFC

-and Menter Cig Moch Cymru.

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-I went for it.

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-These are a special breed of pigs.

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-You've worked hard

-researching and choosing the pigs.

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-We went up to Harper Adams College.

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-We visited the department and

-saw some wonderful hybrid pigs...

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-..but I knew I wanted a hardier pig

-for clearing this patch of land.

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-I'd say that they've done

-a good job of it.

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-There are 15 acres of heathland...

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-..and that adds

-to their experience of life.

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-We can tell

-that they have a great life here.

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-I hope that shows in the meat.

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-What is this breed?

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-How difficult is it to rear this

-breed, if it's a rare, native breed?

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-Large black. They were my choice.

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-We had to go up to Newport

-to buy them.

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-Will this be

-a profitable enterprise?

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-We were hoping to keep

-a traditional breed...

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-..because there was a potential

-to sell the meat for more.

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-We can charge 8/kilo.

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-When you think about half a pig,

-there's profit in that.

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-They live out in the open air.

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-We don't incur any costs.

-The pigsty has already been built.

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-The fence has been built,

-everything we need is here.

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-In terms of support,

-what has Menter Moch offered you?

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-Initially, they checked

-that I had suitable resources.

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-They taught us about bio-security.

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-Marketing is also a consideration.

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-A group of London-based chefs

-will visit the farm this month...

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-..before the pigs are taken away.

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-That will bolster the link

-between people like me...

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-..people producing bacon

-on a small scale...

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-..and linking us

-to restaurants in London.

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-That will be interesting.

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-Cennydd Jones is a dairy farmer...

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-..but he also sees the potential

-in rearing Welsh pigs...

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-..side by side with his Friesian

-herd on Rhydowen Farm, Pontsian.

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-In my original application,

-I wanted to keep Welsh pigs...

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-..and I'd then market them

-as high quality Welsh produce.

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-I didn't expect the Welsh pigs to

-perform as well as they have done.

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-They've performed like hybrid pigs.

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-I've been measuring

-their daily averages.

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-At best,

-they grow about 1.1kgs a day.

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-I've had to cut back the level

-of protein in the food...

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-..to ensure I have a carcass

-for the Winter Fair.

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-It's been a pleasant surprise.

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-The Welsh pigs can compete

-with the best.

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-What about the future?

-You've had a taste.

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-Would you be confident in developing

-this business on the farm?

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-It's a great option to have

-on Welsh farms.

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-I've been selling the meat

-straight to the customer.

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-I've sold it as a luxurious product.

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-I'd like to keep another ten

-when spring comes around...

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-..and I want to find a market

-for them.

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-I'll keep selling them on locally.

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-Cennydd only has two pigs

-at the moment.

0:20:580:21:01

-The others have been fattened.

0:21:010:21:03

-He shows great pride

-in cooking his own product.

0:21:030:21:07

-Well, Cennydd, the end product.

0:21:100:21:13

-It makes it all worth it

-when you can cook something...

0:21:130:21:17

-..you've reared on the farm.

0:21:170:21:19

-You can come back to the kitchen

-and cook it.

0:21:190:21:23

-Do you remember the first time you

-did this? Did it feel different?

0:21:230:21:28

-Was there a different taste

-to what you were used to?

0:21:280:21:31

-Yes. We used to buy our bacon

-from supermarkets.

0:21:310:21:35

-It was bacon with less fat.

-Fat is important to add flavour.

0:21:360:21:41

-The fat also makes it easier

-for bacon to absorb more salt.

0:21:410:21:47

-It makes such a difference

-in terms of taste.

0:21:480:21:51

-We could sell the story behind the

-meat, especially with Welsh pork.

0:21:510:21:56

-Welsh lamb has done a great job...

0:21:560:21:59

-..selling the story

-behind the product.

0:21:590:22:02

-That appeals to the customer.

0:22:020:22:04

-We can go out and tell people

-the story behind this.

0:22:050:22:08

-That's what I do with my bacon.

0:22:090:22:11

-It does work. I've not had

-any problems marketing it.

0:22:110:22:16

-I haven't made a big fuss,

-there's no Facebook page.

0:22:160:22:19

-All I did

-was update my status on Facebook...

0:22:200:22:23

-..and within half an hour,

-I'd sold all my bacon.

0:22:230:22:27

-Can I taste some?

0:22:270:22:29

-Can I taste some?

-

-Tuck in, it smells lovely.

0:22:290:22:32

-It's special.

-None of this will go to waste.

0:22:370:22:40

-Good. I'm glad to hear that.

0:22:410:22:42

-Thank you.

0:22:430:22:45

-It's good to see

-the younger generation...

0:22:460:22:49

-..seeing value in the old order

-of keeping pigs.

0:22:490:22:52

-Until next week, cheerio.

-Thanks for joining us.

0:22:530:22:57

-S4C Subtitles by Adnod Cyf.

0:23:130:23:15

-.

0:23:150:23:15

Dilynwn Gareth Wyn Jones wrth iddo hel y defaid o'r Carneddau a bydd Alun yn cwrdd â bridwyr moch ifanc. Gareth Wyn Jones brings in the sheep from the Carneddau. Alun meets pig breeders.