Dilynwn Gareth Wyn Jones wrth iddo hel y defaid o'r Carneddau a bydd Alun yn cwrdd â bridwyr moch ifanc. Gareth Wyn Jones brings in the sheep from the Carneddau. Alun meets pig ...
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-A warning for farmers
-to be vigilant for diseases.
-If these sheep had MV, I couldn't
-sell them or take them to shows.
-The sheep would lose so much value.
-Also on the programme,
-how much of a challenge is it...
-..to round up sheep on the Carneddau
-for Gareth Wyn Jones.
-We're shouting at each other.
-We don't have any walkie-talkies.
-There's plenty of whistling and
-shouting. That's rounding up sheep.
-for pig breeders of the future.
-A crew of London-based chefs will
-visit me at the end of the month...
-..to improve the link between people
-like me and restaurants in London.
-Over the years, thousands of cattle
-have been imported to Britain...
-..with 37,000 cattle imported
-This is a way
-to develop new breeds...
-..and introduce new blood
-to the country.
-It also brings its own problems,
-One disease which struck the UK
-for the first time in 2007...
-..was bluetongue disease.
-It's a disease
-which affects ruminants.
-It doesn't affects
-horses, pigs or people.
-cattle imported from France...
-..have been found with the disease
-in England and Scotland.
-One who's very aware of
-the consequences of bluetongue...
-..is vet and farmer
-The main symptoms, as the name
-of the disease would suggest...
-..especially with sheep,
-the heads are swollen...
-..there are ulcers
-around the mouth...
-..saliva secretes from the mouth...
-..and there are ulcers
-around the coronary bands.
-The tongue can swell up
-with a little infection.
-With cattle, the symptoms won't be
-as visual in the early stages.
-There can be swelling
-in the udders.
-Often, the only symptom
-is a high temperature.
-The animals will look ill and tired.
-It can have a serious effect
-on fertility in cattle...
-..and milk production,
-especially in the dairy herd.
-What's the most dangerous time
-for the animals to be infected?
-It's a virus
-which is transferred by insects.
-An gnat will sting
-an infected animal...
-..and move on to sting
-a healthy animal.
-The worst time is when
-the weather is relatively mild...
-..when gnats and midges
-That time is usually over
-..but it's rather mild today
-and it's the first week of November.
-The insects are still around.
-It's not possible for the disease
-to spread directly...
-..from cow to cow or sheep to sheep.
-Not directly, no, but when we import
-animals that have the disease...
-..our own animals can be infected
-The infected animals in England
-and Scotland have been destroyed.
-There's a strong sense
-We're quite safe in Wales
-at the moment.
-As a vet,
-what's your advice to farmers?
-It's a known disease.
-If farmers suspect that their
-animals have been infected...
-..they should contact
-their local vet.
-Useful advice from Rhys and he
-will be back with us in Part 2...
-..to discuss another virus which
-is a cause for concern on farms.
-Next, let's join Gareth Wyn Jones.
-He's rounding up sheep
-on the Carneddau.
-We're looking down at Llyn Anafon.
-We're getting ready to round up.
-I hope the boys of Abergwyngregyn
-are on their way up.
-I can't do this on my own.
-The weather's changed.
-The mist's coming in,
-as is the rain.
-I hope we can start right away.
-It's a miserable old morning.
-This is one of the last round-ups
-this year. We need them in today.
-When we're rounding up
-..we gather up as many as we can.
-This time, we need to get
-every single sheep off the mountain.
-The wind's picked up considerably
-but the sun's out.
-There's no mist.
-I'm waiting for the lads to come up
-and then we can head down.
-This group of lads
-come from the Falls area.
-John Glyn, Wil Pen Llyn.
-They're going over
-in that direction.
-We're heading down to Nant Yr Afon.
-Gareth, Hefin, Arwyn and Dad
-are on their way behind them.
-I hope we can start
-in two minutes' time.
-Here are the lads!
-It's clear enough - we can set off.
-Let's go then.
-I hope the mist doesn't fall
-or we'll get lost!
-Away we go.
-Away we go.
-We'll see you later.
-Wil's off. He's forgotten something.
-He's shifting his backside
-to catch up with the others!
-Our crew has arrived.
-We're about to leave. Gareth's
-at the top, Arwyn's in the middle.
-Hefin's at the bottom.
-I'll be below him.
-We'd best get on with it now.
-My family have rounded up sheep
-on these mountains for centuries.
-I feel very fortunate
-to be part of this world.
-My father taught me about
-Cerrig Pryfaid, Blaen y Ddalfa...
-..and Cors Lladron.
-You can't find these names
-..but local farmers know
-where all these locations are.
-to keep the names alive.
-I've reached Clogwyn Llyn before
-they've come all the way around.
-That's important. If there's a touch
-of mist, the sheep could slip back.
-It's important that everyone
-keeps their line.
-We're shouting at each other.
-We don't have any walkie-talkies.
-of whistling and shouting.
-That's rounding up sheep.
-It's gone well up to now.
-There aren't as many sheep today
-as there were.
-The weather was rough on Friday
-so we got some of them down then.
-I'll stay on the track.
-I can tell them
-if they've missed some of the sheep.
-I used to go all the way to the top
-but I have two new knees now!
-We found a lamb that's been up here
-all winter. It was quite weak.
-When a dog appears,
-sheep tend to become suicidal.
-It went head over heels.
-It found itself stuck on a ledge
-and the dog chased it.
-It was perfectly fine in the end.
-It's not one of ours
-but we weren't going to leave it.
-After a few hours, it was nice
-to see the sheep pen and home.
-Well, that's a job well done.
-This is the ideal time
-to round up sheep.
-There are few lambs
-and the ewes are ready to come down.
-The weather was on our side today.
-The wind was at our backs
-and the sheep came down quickly.
-We'll have to sort out these sheep.
-We'll take out those
-that belong to others.
-Some belong to College,
-some belong to Wyn.
-Ours will head down to Plas Newydd
-where we'll separate them twice.
-We'll separate them
-into three groups on the road now.
-We'll have to do it quickly,
-I can hear horns beeping!
-Square it up, come straight back.
-He's changing his mind!
-He's changing his mind!
-Square it up!
-We found three sheep,
-that's how it goes sometimes.
-We round up for everyone.
-to clear the mountain.
-The sheep split up in the mist.
-The lads at the top weren't happy!
-We'd better go.
-That's what happens when you round
-up sheep, three sheep came down.
-This is the smallest number
-we've ever had.
-No-one will believe me.
-It's a good sign that we
-rounded up most of them earlier.
-Most of the sheep
-came down before them.
-They're all here,
-ready to take a ram...
-..at the end of the week.
-The final round-up is done.
-To think we only found three sheep,
-there are far more below us.
-These were collected
-when we rounded up before.
-It's a good time -
-the hard work is done.
-It's time for the ram now.
-That's when our year begins,
-when the rams run with the sheep.
-That's when the lambs are created.
-That'll become our profit
-at the end of the year.
-It starts here. We're hoping
-for another great year.
-A successful day for Gareth.
-After the break, we'll hear
-more veterinary advice...
-..and we'll meet some pig farmers.
-In Part 1, we heard about
-Another virus detected in
-the United Kingdom is Maedi Visna.
-The disease is on the increase...
-..and it was found in 20%
-of the commercial flocks...
-..tested between May 2016
-and May 2017.
-What is Maedi Visna?
-It's a disease that was imported
-to the country originally.
-It's an infectious disease
-caused by a virus.
-It can be transferred from sheep
-to sheep, from sheep to lamb...
-..and in the semen.
-We often forget about that transfer.
-In terms of the symptoms,
-there are chronic characteristics.
-Someone might buy an infected sheep
-today with no symptoms present.
-She can be in the flock for
-many years without showing symptoms.
-In that time, she can infect
-a large proportion of the flock.
-There are two types of symptoms
-for Maedi Visna.
-There's chronic pneumonia
-without any rise in temperature.
-The sheep will show signs
-of a dry cough.
-It will show signs of deterioration
-in its weight and shape.
-There are neurological symptoms.
-A seemingly healthy sheep
-will lose its balance and fall over.
-There's no treatment
-for the disease.
-Destroying it and selling it
-for meat is the only answer...
-..when Maedi Visna
-is detected in the flock.
-If Maedi Visna was detected in
-your flock, it could be disastrous.
-We have a Berrichon flock,
-there are requirements...
-..to test the flock for MV.
-If MV was found in this flock,
-I couldn't show, sell in shows...
-..or show in the Royal Welsh.
-To be honest, the sheep would lose
-a great amount of value.
-Some sheep societies
-have very strict regulations...
-..regarding Maedi Visna.
-All the monitoring schemes
-The cost is placed
-on the pedigree herd.
-The flock's blood
-is tested annually...
-on the flock's condition...
-..to permit farmers
-to show and sell the sheep.
-There are two rings
-in the Royal Welsh...
-..one for MV-monitored sheep
-and one for non-monitored sheep.
-Would it be a good idea if the
-government supported this scheme...
-..to safeguard the country's flocks.
-It would be good if more research
-was done into cases in this country.
-Farmers can make decisions
-when they know...
-..where the disease is at its worst.
-If farmers suspect their
-commercial flock has the disease...
-..we can do spot checks
-if you contact your local vet.
-We can test the sheep to determine
-if the flock is healthy.
-There's a strong demand for bacon.
-We import 95% of what we eat
-in Wales every year.
-In other words, only 5% of bacon
-we eat in Wales comes from Wales.
-There are plans
-to change the situation.
-There are around 25,000 pigs
-..producing 3,200 tonnes of bacon
-The intention is to increase the
-national herd to develop the sector.
-Melanie Cargill is responsible
-for the Menter Moch project.
-It's funded by the Welsh Government.
-We're trying to develop
-the pig sector.
-We're trying to make it more
-profitable, efficient and robust.
-Four young farmers
-were chosen over the summer...
-..and the project
-has given them five pigs each.
-It will kick-start them
-into the sector...
-..and give them the opportunity
-to start a new enterprise.
-We'll train them to ensure
-they know what they're doing...
-..and make sure they're happy
-to rear the pigs.
-We're looking forward
-to the Winter Fair.
-Our final competition of the year
-is the carcass competition.
-Each one of the four
-will have an opportunity...
-..to enter a carcass
-in that competition.
-Menter Moch Cymru works
-with Welsh young farmers' clubs...
-..to offer practical experience
-of rearing pigs to their members...
-..to help build a profitable
-and sustainable enterprise.
-Naomi Nicholas from Pont Hywel,
-Efailwen, is part of the scheme.
-All of a sudden,
-they're all interested, Naomi.
-Indeed they are.
-That's all they need.
-Tell me more about the background.
-How did you become interested
-in keeping pigs?
-I started farming Tamworths
-about two or three years ago.
-I enjoyed the experience,
-we had some lovely meat.
-I read on Facebook
-about this enterprise...
-..between the YFC
-and Menter Cig Moch Cymru.
-I went for it.
-These are a special breed of pigs.
-You've worked hard
-researching and choosing the pigs.
-We went up to Harper Adams College.
-We visited the department and
-saw some wonderful hybrid pigs...
-..but I knew I wanted a hardier pig
-for clearing this patch of land.
-I'd say that they've done
-a good job of it.
-There are 15 acres of heathland...
-..and that adds
-to their experience of life.
-We can tell
-that they have a great life here.
-I hope that shows in the meat.
-What is this breed?
-How difficult is it to rear this
-breed, if it's a rare, native breed?
-Large black. They were my choice.
-We had to go up to Newport
-to buy them.
-Will this be
-a profitable enterprise?
-We were hoping to keep
-a traditional breed...
-..because there was a potential
-to sell the meat for more.
-We can charge 8/kilo.
-When you think about half a pig,
-there's profit in that.
-They live out in the open air.
-We don't incur any costs.
-The pigsty has already been built.
-The fence has been built,
-everything we need is here.
-In terms of support,
-what has Menter Moch offered you?
-Initially, they checked
-that I had suitable resources.
-They taught us about bio-security.
-Marketing is also a consideration.
-A group of London-based chefs
-will visit the farm this month...
-..before the pigs are taken away.
-That will bolster the link
-between people like me...
-..people producing bacon
-on a small scale...
-..and linking us
-to restaurants in London.
-That will be interesting.
-Cennydd Jones is a dairy farmer...
-..but he also sees the potential
-in rearing Welsh pigs...
-..side by side with his Friesian
-herd on Rhydowen Farm, Pontsian.
-In my original application,
-I wanted to keep Welsh pigs...
-..and I'd then market them
-as high quality Welsh produce.
-I didn't expect the Welsh pigs to
-perform as well as they have done.
-They've performed like hybrid pigs.
-I've been measuring
-their daily averages.
-they grow about 1.1kgs a day.
-I've had to cut back the level
-of protein in the food...
-..to ensure I have a carcass
-for the Winter Fair.
-It's been a pleasant surprise.
-The Welsh pigs can compete
-with the best.
-What about the future?
-You've had a taste.
-Would you be confident in developing
-this business on the farm?
-It's a great option to have
-on Welsh farms.
-I've been selling the meat
-straight to the customer.
-I've sold it as a luxurious product.
-I'd like to keep another ten
-when spring comes around...
-..and I want to find a market
-I'll keep selling them on locally.
-Cennydd only has two pigs
-at the moment.
-The others have been fattened.
-He shows great pride
-in cooking his own product.
-Well, Cennydd, the end product.
-It makes it all worth it
-when you can cook something...
-..you've reared on the farm.
-You can come back to the kitchen
-and cook it.
-Do you remember the first time you
-did this? Did it feel different?
-Was there a different taste
-to what you were used to?
-Yes. We used to buy our bacon
-It was bacon with less fat.
-Fat is important to add flavour.
-The fat also makes it easier
-for bacon to absorb more salt.
-It makes such a difference
-in terms of taste.
-We could sell the story behind the
-meat, especially with Welsh pork.
-Welsh lamb has done a great job...
-..selling the story
-behind the product.
-That appeals to the customer.
-We can go out and tell people
-the story behind this.
-That's what I do with my bacon.
-It does work. I've not had
-any problems marketing it.
-I haven't made a big fuss,
-there's no Facebook page.
-All I did
-was update my status on Facebook...
-..and within half an hour,
-I'd sold all my bacon.
-Can I taste some?
-Can I taste some?
-Tuck in, it smells lovely.
-None of this will go to waste.
-Good. I'm glad to hear that.
-It's good to see
-the younger generation...
-..seeing value in the old order
-of keeping pigs.
-Until next week, cheerio.
-Thanks for joining us.
-S4C Subtitles by Adnod Cyf.
Dilynwn Gareth Wyn Jones wrth iddo hel y defaid o'r Carneddau a bydd Alun yn cwrdd â bridwyr moch ifanc. Gareth Wyn Jones brings in the sheep from the Carneddau. Alun meets pig breeders.