Episode 14 University Challenge


Episode 14

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Transcript


LineFromTo

Asking the questions, Jeremy Paxman.

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Hello. This is the last of the first-round matches.

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13 teams are already through to the next stage

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and whichever team wins tonight will join them. We'll also know the four highest-scoring losing teams

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who'll compete again in the play-offs. Both teams will want to know that the score to beat is 140.

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The London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine is Britain's national school of public health.

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With over 4,000 students, it's the largest in Europe.

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It's also a constituent college of the University of London and was founded in 1899

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by Sir Patrick Manson, the founding father of tropical medicine.

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Tonight's team are postgraduates, reflecting the college's demographic and with an average age of 26.

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Despite being science specialists, they tell us they do know about Beethoven as well as bacteria.

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-Let's meet them.

-I'm John Bradley from Essex, studying Medical Statistics.

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I'm Grace Eckhoff from the US, studying a Master's in Control of Infectious Disease.

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-And their captain...

-I'm Martin Harker from Middlesex, studying for a Master's in Public Health.

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Hi, I'm Michael Wallace from Oxford, studying for a PhD in Statistics.

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APPLAUSE

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The University of Nottingham began life as a civic college. Gladstone laid the foundation stone in 1877.

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It expanded after WWI thanks to the generosity of Jesse Boot, founder of the high street chemist.

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DH Lawrence got his teaching certificate there and visiting lecturers included Einstein.

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It received its Royal Charter in 1948, and alumni have included the Head of MI6, Sir John Sawers,

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Sir Ian Wilmut who cloned Dolly the sheep,

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and Dr Stewart Adams, who made an invaluable contribution to students as an inventor of Ibuprofen.

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Representing around 33,000 students and with an average age of 27, let's meet the Nottingham team.

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Hello. I'm Harry Dalton from London, studying Politics.

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Hello. I'm Matthew Byrne from Dorset, studying French and German.

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-And their captain...

-Hello, I'm Lee Cooper, from Nottingham, and I'm reading Physiotherapy.

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Hello. I'm Ewan Pickard, from Stoke-on-Trent, studying Chemistry.

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APPLAUSE

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OK, you know the rules. 10 for starters, 15 for bonuses, 5-point penalty if you interrupt wrongly.

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Fingers on buzzers. Here's your first starter for 10.

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"Complementi, you bitch. I am wracked by the seven jealousies."

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This was the response of Ezra Pound on reading the almost-completed manuscript of which poem...

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-The Waste Land.

-Correct.

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Right, the first set of bonuses are on the peace treaties of World War One.

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10 weeks after signing the Treaty of Versailles with Germany in June, 1919, which political entity

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formally ceased to exist as a result of the Treaty of Saint-Germain?

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League of Nations?

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It's after the war. Austria-Hungary?

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Austria-Hungary?

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-Austria-Hungary?

-Correct. The treaty with the new Republic of Hungary wasn't signed until June, 1920

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when the formal ceremony took place in which palace, built for Louis XIV in the park of Versailles?

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Oh, what is it? The Grand Tranion.

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Wasn't it? The Grand Tranion.

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-Nominate Dalton.

-Er, the Grand Tranion?

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-I think I'll accept that. It's the Grand Trianon.

-Yeah.

-You've got the right place.

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Finally, which of the three allies known as the Entente Powers in 1914

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did not sign the Treaty of Versailles with Germany in 1919?

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Russia.

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-Russia.

-Russia is correct. 10 points for this.

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Deaf from childhood, who used Morse Code to propose to Mina Miller, who became his second wife in 1886?

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Born in Ohio in 1847, his work as an inventor led him...

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-Edison?

-Thomas Edison is right.

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Your bonuses now are on a novel by Jane Austen.

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According to the OED, the term "base ball" is first recorded in English in which novel by Jane Austen,

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who writes that Catherine, at the age of 14, preferred, "cricket, base ball, riding on horseback

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"and running about the country... to books or at least books of information."?

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Is it Emma?

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Mansfield Park?

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-Mans...

-Northanger Abbey?

-I need an answer.

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-Northanger Abbey.

-Correct, yes.

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In Northanger Abbey, Catherine becomes obsessed with which Gothic novel by Mrs Ann Radcliffe,

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opening in the late 16th century and concerning Emily St Aubert?

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-No, we don't know.

-The Mysteries of Udolpho. A passage from Northanger Abbey appears as a preface

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to which novel by Ian McEwan, in which Briony Tallis makes mistakes that parallel those of Catherine?

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-Atonement.

-Correct. Another starter. Which non-SI unit of gravitational acceleration

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is equal to one centimetre per second squared and is named after the scientist who discovered

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-that different objects fall at the same speed...

-Galileo?

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No, you lose 5 points. ..because they experience the same gravitational acceleration?

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-Laplace?

-No, it's a gal, named after Galileo, of course, but I wanted the unit. 10 points for this.

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Better known for the novella Love Story, the US author Erich Segal co-authored the screenplay

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for which animated film of 1968 in which Pepperland is threatened by the Blue Meanies?

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-Yellow Submarine?

-Correct.

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Your bonuses are on the mammalian respiratory system. Firstly for 5,

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what term describes the two tubes supported by cartilage produced by bifurcation of the trachea

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near the centre of the chest?

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-Bronchus.

-Correct. Normal, resting inhalation is achieved by the contraction

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of the external intercostal muscles and which other muscle?

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-Diaphragm.

-Yes. What term describes the serous membranes that line the body cavity and surround the lungs?

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-Parenchyma?

-No, it's the pleural. Another starter question now, this time of a picture variety.

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You'll see the flag of an English county. 10 points if you can name the county.

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Warwickshire.

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Anyone like to buzz from Nottingham?

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-Northumberland?

-It is Northumberland, yes!

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Right, you get the picture bonuses.

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They are more modern flags of counties or historical regions

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whose names are associated with Anglo-Saxon England. 5 points for each county you can identify.

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Firstly, this historical region.

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THEY CONFER

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-Wessex.

-It is Wessex, yes. Secondly, this county.

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-Essex.

-Correct. And, finally, this county.

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-Kent.

-Well done.

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Another starter question now.

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Listen carefully and answer as soon as you buzz.

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Between 1955 and 2010, five UK football clubs won the European Champions League

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and its predecessor the European Champions Cup. Two of them are Liverpool and Manchester United.

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For 10 points, name two of the other three.

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-Aston Villa and Nottingham Forest.

-Correct. The other one was Celtic.

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Right. Your bonuses are on a banking scandal.

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In 1838, John Sadleir founded a bank bearing the name of which large Irish county?

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He became an MP, embezzled more than £200,000 and, in 1856, was found dead on Hampstead Heath

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alongside a vial of prussic acid.

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-Cork?

-No, it was Tipperary.

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Mr Merdle, a politician allegedly based on Sadleir, takes his life

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after the crash of "a certain bank" in which novel by Charles Dickens?

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-Little Dorrit.

-Correct. Also thought to be based on Sadleir,

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financier and MP Augustus Melmotte kills himself with prussic acid

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in the 1875 novel The Way We Live Now. Who was the author?

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-Anthony Trollope?

-It was, yes.

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10 points for this. A nephew of Sigmund Freud, born in 1891,

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Edward Bernays was a pioneer in what field? He described...

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-Advertising and PR.

-Yes, I'll accept that. Public relations and propaganda.

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Your bonuses are on torments in the Underworld, according to Homer's Odyssey.

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Punished for assaulting Leto, Tityus is seen by Odysseus as an enormous figure

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covering nine acres of land in Hades, and being subjected to what particular torment?

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-Ploughing?

-No, vultures tear at his liver. No doubt feels like ploughing!

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His name used adjectivally to mean "endlessly laborious", which evil-doer was condemned

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to roll an immense boulder uphill and to repeat the task perpetually?

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-Sisyphus.

-Correct. Which Lydian king killed his son Pelops and offered his flesh to the gods?

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In the Underworld, fruit and water eternally receded from him when he tried to reach for them.

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-Tantalus.

-Yes. 10 points for this. Exposing uranium oxide to neutrons from a cyclotron,

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a team at the Berkeley Radiation Lab led by Edwin McMillan in 1940 produced which radioactive metal...

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-Plutonium?

-No, costs you 5 points, I'm afraid.

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..the first of the transuranic elements to be synthesised?

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-Berkelium?

-No, it's neptunium. 10 points for this. Give the first four words of the title

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of the 1992 work in which the US philosopher Francis Fukuyama claimed...

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-The End of History.

-Correct.

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Your bonuses are on a prominent family. The Last Empress by Hannah Pakula

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is a biography of Soon May-Ling who, in 1943, became

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only the second woman to address a joint session of the US Congress. To which leader was she married?

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-Chiang Kai-Shek.

-Chiang Kai-Shek?

-Yes.

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Later a high-ranking figure in Communist China, May-Ling's older sister, Ch'ing-Ling, was the wife

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of which Chinese revolutionary who died in 1925?

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-We don't know.

-Sun Yat-Sen. Ai-Ling, the oldest of the three sisters, was married to HH Kung,

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said to have been the richest man in China. He held what office from 1933 to 1944?

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-Head of the Chinese Army?

-No, Finance Minister.

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Alleged to have involved the intemperate use of laudanum,

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which composer's obsessive love for the actress Harriet Smithson inspired his Symphonie Fantastique?

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-Berlioz.

-Berlioz is right.

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Your bonuses are on volcanoes.

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From the Greek for "ash", what term denotes any dust or rock fragments ejected by a volcanic eruption?

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-Fragma.

-Tephra. What term describes the light porous rock formed by consolidated volcanic ash?

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-Pumice.

-No, it's tuff.

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Deriving in part from Greek terms for fire and broken in pieces,

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what term denotes hot, fast-moving tephra that rolls down the sides of a volcano

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and along the ground?

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-Pyroclastic flow.

-Correct. 10 points for this. Known as Queen of the South, which Scottish town

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was Robert Burns' home for the last five years of his life?

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Its name forms part of the council area in which it is located, the other part being Galloway.

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-Dumfries.

-Dumfries is right, yes.

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Your bonuses this time are on political figures born in 1911.

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Born in the Auvergne in 1911, who succeeded Charles de Gaulle as President of France in 1969?

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-Sorry.

-Georges Pompidou. "He served the Soviet Union more ardently than the Soviet leaders themselves did."

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These words describe Todor Zhivkov, the ruler of which country from the 1950s to 1989?

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-Eastern European country?

-I don't know.

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-Czechoslovakia.

-No, he was Bulgaria.

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"A triumph of the embalmer's art" was Gore Vidal's description of which US President, born in 1911?

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WHISPERING

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-Ronald Reagan?

-Yes, of course!

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We'll take a music round now. For your starter, you'll hear a piece of popular music.

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Ten points if you can give me the title of the song.

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# You and I in a little... #

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-Neunundneunzig Luftballons.

-Give the title in English.

-99 Air Balloons. Red Balloons.

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99 Red Balloons is correct, yes. You've given it in German. That's even better!

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Following on from that song by Nena, three more songs that have numbers in their title or lyrics.

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In each case, I want you to perform a mathematical operation connected with those numbers.

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Firstly, I want you to multiply the number in the title of the starter song

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with the number in the title of this song.

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# When I'm lonely Well, I know I'm gonna be

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# I'm gonna be the man who's lonely without you

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# And when I'm dreaming Well, I know I'm gonna dream

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# I'm gonna dream about the time when I'm with you

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# When I go out... #

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49,500.

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Well done indeed. 500 Miles.

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Secondly, the answer if you divide that figure by the number to which this song refers?

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-# And that's the magic number... #

-3?

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# Difficult preaching is Posdnuos' pleasure, pleasure and preaching starts in the heart

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# Something that stimulates the music in my measure, measure in my music, raised in three parts

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# Casually see but don't do like the Soul cos seein' and doin'... #

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-49,500, so 3 into 4 is 1...

-LAUGHTER

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-163...

-No, no. It's 16,500. Bad luck.

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What's the answer if you square the number in the title of this song

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and subtract that total from 16,500?

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# Me and some guys from school

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# Had a band and we tried real hard

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# Jimmy quit, Jody got married

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# I shoulda known we'd never get far

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# Oh, when I look back now

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# That summer seemed to last for ever... #

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It's even harder to answer than ask. We don't know.

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Well, it's 11,739.

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It's 69 times 69 and then heretofore referred to.

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Ten points for this starter.

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In Jaques' Seven Ages Of Man speech in Shakespeare's As You Like It,

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which age is characterised by him as having a "fair round belly with good capon lin'd,

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"with eyes severe and beard of formal cut, full of wise saws and modern instances"?

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What is manhood?

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No. Nottingham, one of you buzz?

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-Middle age?

-No, it's justice. Ten points for this.

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What six-letter word appears in the Gospels of Matthew and Mark in the King James Bible

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to mean a minor point of law and is now used for small diacritic marks such as the dot...

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-Tittle.

-Tittle is right, yes.

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Your bonuses now are on animals.

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In January 1961, Ham returned safely after being sent into space by the United States.

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What species was he?

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-Chimpanzee.

-The chimpanzee.

-Correct. In 1967, which primatologist became Scientific Director

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of the Gombe Research Institute in Tanzania where she carried out a study of chimpanzees

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to show the complexity of primate behaviour?

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-Jane Goodall.

-Correct. James Lever was longlisted for the 2009 Man Booker Prize for his satire

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on the genre of the Hollywood memoir in the form of the supposed autobiography of which chimpanzee?

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-Michael Jackson's pet Bubbles.

-No, it was Cheeta. Ten points for this.

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Which British nobleman and diplomat was attacked by Byron

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in the Second Canto of Childe Harold's Pilgrimage in lines referring to his time in Greece:

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"Dull is the eye that will not weep to see thy walls defaced, thy mouldering..."

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-Elgin?

-It was the Earl of Elgin, yes.

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Your bonuses now are on expressions in which the last two letters of the first word

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and the first two letters of the second word are the same, such as "apple lemonade" or "tomato torte".

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In each case, give the name of the food or drink from the definition.

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Firstly, a Japanese dish in which fermented bean paste is mixed with a stock called dashi?

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WHISPERING

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-Sorry.

-That's miso soup.

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Secondly, an infusion of Camellia sinensis, flavoured with Theobroma cacao?

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Something to do with chocolate and cocoa.

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-Chocolate tea.

-Correct.

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Cheese from North Holland that has been cured, for example, over a wood fire?

0:19:210:19:26

-Smoked Edam.

-Yes!

0:19:280:19:30

Right, another starter question.

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In 1804, on a track used by horse-drawn mining carts

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at the Pen-y-Darren Ironworks near Merthyr Tydfil,

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which Cornish engineer ran the first steam...

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-Richard Trevithick.

-Trevithick is correct.

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Your bonuses now - that's given you the lead too - are on optometry.

0:19:450:19:50

What condition of the eye is associated

0:19:500:19:53

with elevated intraocular pressure as measured by tonometry?

0:19:530:19:57

-Glaucoma.

-Correct. If the grid of an Amsler Chart appears distorted or has missing lines,

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what eye condition is indicated?

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-Astigmatism?

-No, it's macular degeneration.

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And finally, what refractive error is corrected by spectacles with concave lenses?

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-Myopia.

-Myopia, short-sightedness, yes. Another picture round now.

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For your starter, you'll see a portrait of an English king. Ten points if you can name him.

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-John the First.

-Anyone like to buzz from the London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine?

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-Alfred.

-No, it's Edward the First. Picture bonuses shortly. Ten points for this starter question.

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Fingers on the buzzers. Listen carefully.

0:20:470:20:50

If the French numbers from one to five are ordered both numerically and alphabetically,

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which one comes in the same position on each list?

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-Two.

-Two, "deux", yes.

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So you get the picture bonuses, Nottingham.

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You saw a portrait of Edward the First for the picture starter.

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Throughout his reign, Edward built the famous Ring of Steel fortresses in North Wales.

0:21:110:21:17

You'll see three of the castles that made up the Ring. Five points for each of them you can name.

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Firstly, this castle?

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-Caernarfon?

-Caernarfon.

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No, that's Conwy Castle. Secondly?

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-Ludlow.

-No, that's Denbigh. And finally?

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-That's Caernarfon.

-That is Caernarfon, yes. Another starter question now.

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Which work of fiction comes next in this list, given in reverse chronological order -

0:21:510:21:57

The Three Hostages, Mr Standfast, Greenmantle and...?

0:21:570:22:01

-The Thirty-Nine Steps.

-The Thirty-Nine Steps is right. That gives you the lead.

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Your bonuses are on Canada. Extending northward above the Arctic Circle to the Beaufort Sea,

0:22:060:22:12

which territory has Whitehorse as its capital and contains Canada's highest mountain, Mount Logan?

0:22:120:22:18

WHISPERING

0:22:190:22:21

-Yukon.

-Yes. Edmonton and Calgary are cities in which province,

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lying between British Columbia and Saskatchewan?

0:22:320:22:35

-Alberta.

-Correct. Four Canadian provinces and territories border on Hudson Bay.

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Nunavut, Ontario and Quebec are three. What is the fourth?

0:22:400:22:44

WHISPERING

0:22:450:22:47

-Manitoba.

-Correct. Four and a half minutes to go. Ten points for this.

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Believed to have been founded by Cluniac monks over 900 years ago,

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St John's Parish Church in Halifax was in 2009 awarded what status

0:22:570:23:01

which it shares with places of worship in Dewsbury, Beverley and York?

0:23:010:23:06

-UNESCO World Heritage Site?

-Anyone like to buzz from Nottingham?

0:23:070:23:11

-English Heritage status.

-No, it's Minster. Ten points for this.

0:23:120:23:18

In physics, what is the value of the magnetic flux through any closed surface?

0:23:180:23:23

-Zero.

-Zero is right, yes.

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These bonuses are on Scottish islands.

0:23:300:23:33

Which novel by Virginia Woolf is set in the summer home of the Ramsay family on the Isle of Skye?

0:23:330:23:39

-No, sorry.

-To The Lighthouse. Which Hebridean island did Samuel Johnson describe as "the illustrious island,

0:23:420:23:49

"whence savage clans and roving barbarians derived the benefits of knowledge

0:23:490:23:54

"and the blessings of religion"?

0:23:540:23:56

-Iona.

-Correct. George Orwell wrote Nineteen Eighty-Four

0:23:560:24:00

on which island of the Inner Hebrides, renowned for its prominent mountains known as the Paps?

0:24:000:24:06

-Mull.

-No, it's Jura. Ten points for this. Based on the same principles

0:24:080:24:13

as acupuncture but without the use of needles,

0:24:130:24:15

which massage technique takes its name from the Japanese for "finger pressure"?

0:24:150:24:20

-Shiatsu.

-Shiatsu is right.

0:24:200:24:23

Your bonuses are on medical terms, Nottingham.

0:24:260:24:29

I want the term from the description given.

0:24:290:24:32

First for five points, a steroid hormone that develops or maintains female characteristics of the body?

0:24:320:24:38

-Oestrogen.

-Correct. An abnormal accumulation of watery fluid in the cavities or tissues of the body?

0:24:380:24:44

-Oedema.

-Correct. Finally, that part of the alimentary canal between the mouth and the stomach?

0:24:440:24:51

-Oesophagus.

-Correct. Another starter question now. Answer as soon as you buzz.

0:24:510:24:56

In which ocean is the point at which the Greenwich Meridian crosses the Equator?

0:24:560:25:01

-Atlantic.

-Atlantic is correct, yes.

0:25:010:25:04

You get a set of bonuses on chapel frescoes.

0:25:040:25:07

Born around 1266, which artist depicted the life of Christ

0:25:070:25:11

in fresco cycles at the Arena Chapel in Padua?

0:25:110:25:14

Scrovegni Chapel, um...

0:25:160:25:19

-I need an answer. Come on.

-It's the Father of Whatsit... Um...

0:25:190:25:23

-No, it's gone.

-I'm sorry. That's Giotto.

0:25:230:25:27

Given a nickname meaning Clumsy Tom, which early Renaissance painter decorated the Brancacci Chapel

0:25:270:25:33

with frescoes that later served as a school to Florentine artists?

0:25:330:25:37

-Don't know.

-Masaccio. Which "Warrior Pope" commissioned Michelangelo

0:25:420:25:46

to repaint the ceiling of the Sistine Chapel in 1508 after it had been frescoed

0:25:460:25:51

by Piero Matteo D'Amelia to depict a starry sky?

0:25:510:25:54

-Julius II.

-Correct. Another starter question. Which 19th century Swiss geometer gave his name

0:25:540:26:00

to the notation consisting of curly brackets surrounding one or more integers

0:26:000:26:05

to represent regular polytopes?

0:26:050:26:07

-Bernoulli?

-No. Anyone like to buzz from Nottingham quickly?

0:26:100:26:14

-Paracelsus.

-No, it's Schlafli. Ten points for this.

0:26:150:26:18

Mercedes Mondego, the Abbe Faria and Edmond Dantes...

0:26:180:26:22

-The Count Of Monte Cristo.

-Correct.

0:26:220:26:24

Your bonuses are on words ending in "verse", V-E-R-S-E. In each case, give the word from the definition.

0:26:260:26:33

The side of a coin that bears a monarch's head or other symbol of state?

0:26:330:26:38

-Obverse.

-Yes. In anatomy, a plane crossing the body at right angles to the coronal and sagittal planes?

0:26:380:26:45

-Transverse.

-Correct. The third word of the title of a 1982 work by Douglas Adams?

0:26:450:26:50

-Universe.

-Correct. Another starter question.

0:26:510:26:55

Ashtanga, Anusara, Bikram and Iyen...

0:26:550:26:58

-Yoga.

-Yoga is right, yes.

0:26:590:27:01

Your bonuses now are on emblems.

0:27:010:27:04

Existing in several variants from 1922 to 1991,

0:27:040:27:08

the state emblem of the Soviet Union showed a hammer and sickle superimposed on what?

0:27:080:27:15

-A red field.

-No, it was a globe.

0:27:150:27:18

The coat of arms of which EU member state...

0:27:180:27:21

-GONG

-And at the gong,

0:27:210:27:23

the London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine have 155,

0:27:230:27:28

Nottingham University have 215.

0:27:280:27:32

You had the lead. They drew away in the last bit, but it's a good score, 155, and we have good news for you.

0:27:320:27:39

Nottingham, well done. 215 is a very good score. We shall look forward to seeing you in Round 2.

0:27:390:27:45

We now know that the four highest scoring losing teams competing in the play-offs are:

0:27:450:27:50

Join us next time for the first play-off.

0:28:000:28:02

-Until then, it's goodbye from the London School.

-Goodbye.

0:28:020:28:06

-It's goodbye from Nottingham.

-Goodbye.

-And it's goodbye from me.

0:28:060:28:10

Subtitles by Subtext for Red Bee Media Ltd 2011

0:28:300:28:34

Email [email protected]

0:28:340:28:37

The London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine is up against the University of Nottingham for a place in the second round. Jeremy Paxman asks the questions.


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