Episode 27 University Challenge


Episode 27

Pressure is mounting as the quarter-finals continue in the quiz for students. Jeremy Paxman asks the questions.


Similar Content

Browse content similar to Episode 27. Check below for episodes and series from the same categories and more!

Transcript


LineFromTo

University Challenge.

0:00:180:00:20

Asking the questions - Jeremy Paxman.

0:00:210:00:24

Hello. The Kafkaesque quarterfinal stage of this competition

0:00:280:00:32

demands that teams must win not once but twice

0:00:320:00:36

if they're to get to the semifinals.

0:00:360:00:38

Wolfson College Cambridge and Corpus Christi College Oxford

0:00:380:00:41

already have one quarterfinal victory behind them

0:00:410:00:44

and whichever team wins tonight will match them.

0:00:440:00:47

Now, we wouldn't want to tempt fate by suggesting that the team

0:00:470:00:51

from Warwick University have breezed through the competition so far,

0:00:510:00:54

but they beat the University of Liverpool in round one

0:00:540:00:59

by 235 points to 95

0:00:590:01:00

and East London University by 195 to 55 in round two.

0:01:000:01:05

So, with an accumulated score of 430 points

0:01:050:01:08

and an average age of 20, let's meet the Warwick team again.

0:01:080:01:12

Hello. I'm Sophie Hobbs.

0:01:130:01:15

I'm from Birmingham and I'm studying French and history.

0:01:150:01:18

Hi. I'm Sophie Rudd. I'm from Lincolnshire

0:01:180:01:20

and I'm studying computer science and its applications.

0:01:200:01:23

-This is their captain.

-Hello, I'm Giles Hutchings.

0:01:230:01:25

I'm from Farnham, in Surrey, and I'm studying maths.

0:01:250:01:28

Hello, I'm Thomas Van.

0:01:280:01:30

I'm from Geneva, in Switzerland, and I'm studying history.

0:01:300:01:32

APPLAUSE

0:01:320:01:35

Now, the team from Emmanuel College, Cambridge

0:01:380:01:40

have had closer matches so far but still managed to beat

0:01:400:01:43

Nottingham University by 175 points to 135 in round one

0:01:430:01:49

and their round two victory was at the expense of

0:01:490:01:51

the School of Oriental and African Studies

0:01:510:01:53

by a margin of 195 to 130.

0:01:530:01:57

On an accumulated total of 370 and with an average age of 22,

0:01:570:02:02

let's meet the Emmanuel team again.

0:02:020:02:05

Hello. I'm Tom Hill, I'm from London and I'm reading history.

0:02:050:02:08

Hello, I'm Leah Ward.

0:02:090:02:10

I'm originally from Oxfordshire and I'm studying maths.

0:02:100:02:13

-And this is their captain.

-Hello. My name's Bobby Seagull.

0:02:130:02:16

I'm from East Ham, in the London Borough of Newham.

0:02:160:02:18

I'm studying for a masters in education, specialising in maths.

0:02:180:02:20

Hi, I'm Bruno.

0:02:220:02:23

I'm from Wandsworth, in south-west London, and I'm studying physics.

0:02:230:02:26

APPLAUSE

0:02:260:02:28

OK, you all know the rules by now so let's just get on with it.

0:02:300:02:34

Fingers on buzzers, here's your first starter for ten.

0:02:340:02:37

Weighing 3.25g with a diameter of 18mm

0:02:370:02:40

and now made from nickel-plated steel,

0:02:400:02:42

what coin replaced an older version

0:02:420:02:44

that ceased to be legal tender in the UK at the end of 1990?

0:02:440:02:48

The denomination was introduced in 1968

0:02:480:02:51

as a replacement for the shilling.

0:02:510:02:53

-Five pence.

-Five pence is correct, yes.

0:02:560:02:58

APPLAUSE

0:02:580:03:01

OK, so you get the first set of bonuses, Warwick.

0:03:010:03:04

They're on tall structures that appear on UNESCO's World Heritage list.

0:03:040:03:08

Firstly for 5.

0:03:090:03:10

In 2005, Italy returned the 24m-high Obelisk of Axum

0:03:100:03:15

to which African country,

0:03:150:03:17

68 years after it had been seized by Mussolini's troops?

0:03:170:03:21

-Probably Ethiopia.

-THEY CONFER

0:03:210:03:24

Shall I go with that? Ethiopia.

0:03:240:03:25

Correct.

0:03:250:03:26

In which country is the Gonbad-e Kavus tower?

0:03:260:03:30

53m in height and more than 1,000 years old,

0:03:300:03:33

it is in the historical region of Hyrcania,

0:03:330:03:35

not far from the border with present-day Turkmenistan.

0:03:350:03:39

-Is it going to be another one of the Stans?

-Probably.

0:03:390:03:41

OK, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan.

0:03:410:03:44

So, Uzbekistan, Tajikistan.

0:03:440:03:47

-Iran, Afghanistan.

-Shall we go with Iran?

0:03:470:03:49

Iran.

0:03:490:03:50

Iran is correct.

0:03:500:03:52

And finally, in which city of north-western Spain

0:03:520:03:55

is the Tower of Hercules?

0:03:550:03:56

Located at the entrance to the harbour,

0:03:560:03:58

it was built in the late first century AD.

0:03:580:04:01

Galicia's in the north-west, isn't it?

0:04:010:04:03

-Somewhere in Galicia.

-That's the region.

-Oh, is that the region?

0:04:030:04:05

-Yeah.

-And what's the name of...

-Santiago de Compostela.

0:04:050:04:08

Santiago de Compostela.

0:04:090:04:11

No, it's La Coruna.

0:04:110:04:12

10 points for this.

0:04:120:04:13

"He enjoys perhaps a wider celebrity

0:04:130:04:16

"than any political writer of modern Europe."

0:04:160:04:18

These words, of the historian Macaulay,

0:04:180:04:20

refer to which French political philosopher?

0:04:200:04:23

His 1748 work on The Spirit Of The Laws

0:04:230:04:27

was a major influence...

0:04:270:04:28

-Montesquieu.

-Montesquieu is correct, yes.

0:04:290:04:31

APPLAUSE

0:04:310:04:33

Bonuses this time on trees and shrubs, Warwick.

0:04:330:04:37

Native to much of tropical Africa and parts of Asia,

0:04:370:04:40

Salvadora persica is a tree often known by the name of what object

0:04:400:04:44

used in personal hygiene?

0:04:440:04:47

Its twigs contain various antimicrobial compounds.

0:04:470:04:50

-Soap?

-Toothbrush...

0:04:500:04:51

-Something tree. A soap tree. Does that make sense?

-A soap bush.

0:04:530:04:56

Soap bush. Is that a thing?

0:04:560:04:58

A soap tree.

0:04:580:04:59

No, it was the toothbrush tree.

0:04:590:05:01

Widely grown as ornamental shrubs,

0:05:010:05:04

Syringa vulgaris and Syringa persica

0:05:040:05:07

have what short, common name also denoting a colour

0:05:070:05:11

and deriving ultimately from the Persian for blue?

0:05:110:05:14

Azure, cyan...

0:05:160:05:18

-It isn't Persian, though, so it's a bit strange.

-I don't know.

0:05:180:05:22

-Do we have any idea?

-Rhododendron?

0:05:220:05:24

It's a short word, isn't it?

0:05:240:05:26

-When he says it, I'll know it.

-No idea, sorry.

0:05:260:05:28

It's lilac.

0:05:280:05:30

And finally, name either of the two major commercial fruits

0:05:300:05:33

obtained from cultivars of Prunus persica.

0:05:330:05:36

Prune.

0:05:380:05:39

-Prunes.

-Raisin.

0:05:400:05:42

-Sultana.

-Grapes and plums.

0:05:420:05:44

-Plums and grapes? Plums and prunes?

-We only need one.

0:05:440:05:47

-We only need one?

-Plums.

-OK, plums.

0:05:470:05:49

No, they come from a different subgenus.

0:05:490:05:51

It's the peach and the nectarine. 10 points for this.

0:05:510:05:53

The French composer Jules Massenet

0:05:530:05:55

said that Johann Strauss the younger was "the perfume of Vienna".

0:05:550:05:59

Which composer did he say was its soul?

0:05:590:06:02

Born in Hamburg in 1833,

0:06:020:06:05

his works include The Hungarian Dances and...

0:06:050:06:08

Brahms.

0:06:080:06:10

It is Brahms. Well done. APPLAUSE

0:06:100:06:13

These bonuses are on mountains in Hinduism, Warwick.

0:06:130:06:16

Often depicted as a meditating aesthetic,

0:06:160:06:19

which god, according to traditional Hindu belief,

0:06:190:06:22

lives on the Himalayan Mount Kailash with his wife, Parvati?

0:06:220:06:25

Parvati. I think, is it Shiva?

0:06:250:06:27

-Yeah.

-I think it's Shiva.

0:06:270:06:29

-I think he's often seen as an aesthetic.

-Shiva.

0:06:290:06:31

Shiva is correct.

0:06:310:06:32

Secondly, which incarnation of Vishnu

0:06:320:06:34

is believed to have balanced Mount Govardhana

0:06:340:06:37

on his little finger to shelter the people of Vrindavana

0:06:370:06:40

from rain and floods brought on by the rain God Indra?

0:06:400:06:44

That does sound like Krishna.

0:06:440:06:47

-I think it's Krishna.

-Yeah.

-Krishna.

0:06:470:06:49

Krishna is correct.

0:06:490:06:50

And finally, built by the Khmer king Suryavarman II,

0:06:500:06:54

which temple complex represents Mount Meru -

0:06:540:06:57

a golden mountain which is the axis of the world,

0:06:570:07:00

according to Hindu mythology?

0:07:000:07:02

Well, I think it sounds like a...name.

0:07:020:07:04

-I could be wrong, though.

-I think he said Khmer.

0:07:040:07:07

Angkor Wat.

0:07:070:07:08

Correct. APPLAUSE

0:07:080:07:09

Right, we're going to take a picture round now.

0:07:090:07:12

For your picture starter, you're going to see the name of

0:07:120:07:14

a member state of the European Union

0:07:140:07:16

written in an official language of the EU

0:07:160:07:20

but not one predominantly spoken in that country.

0:07:200:07:23

For 10 points, I want you to identify the country

0:07:230:07:26

and the language in which it's written.

0:07:260:07:29

It's Finland and Hungarian.

0:07:320:07:34

No. Anyone like to buzz from Warwick?

0:07:350:07:37

Finland and Estonia.

0:07:400:07:42

Finland and Estonian is correct, yes.

0:07:420:07:44

APPLAUSE

0:07:440:07:46

So your bonuses, Warwick,

0:07:480:07:50

are three more names of EU member states

0:07:500:07:53

each written in an official language of the EU

0:07:530:07:56

not predominantly spoken in that country.

0:07:560:07:58

I need the country and the language to get the 5 points. Firstly...

0:07:580:08:02

I have no... What has accents on As? Is that Hungarian?

0:08:050:08:09

THEY CONFER

0:08:090:08:12

-Something near.

-Garger. Gauze.

0:08:120:08:15

-Gregory.

-Where would that be?

0:08:160:08:19

-Czech...

-Czech Republic and Hungarian.

0:08:190:08:22

Czech Republic and Hungarian.

0:08:220:08:24

No, it's Greece in Hungarian. And secondly...

0:08:240:08:27

-I have no idea.

-I have no idea.

0:08:290:08:31

-I've seen it, I've seen that word.

-You've seen it?

0:08:310:08:33

It could be French.

0:08:330:08:34

Malta in French?

0:08:350:08:38

Malta in French.

0:08:380:08:39

No, it's Germany in Polish. And finally...

0:08:390:08:42

-So this is Irish.

-Yeah.

0:08:440:08:46

The Czech Republic in Irish?

0:08:490:08:51

-Something that's got more than one word.

-Riocht, is that like Reich?

0:08:510:08:55

-But it's not Germanic.

-It's going to be a double-named country, isn't it?

0:08:550:08:58

-Yeah.

-Czech Republic in Irish.

0:08:580:09:00

No, it's the United Kingdom in Irish.

0:09:000:09:02

10 points at stake for this. Fingers on the buzzers.

0:09:020:09:04

Concatenating the chemical symbols of elements 18 and 19

0:09:040:09:08

in the periodic table spells the name of what object?

0:09:080:09:12

Its construction is described in chapter six of the book of Genesis.

0:09:120:09:16

Babel.

0:09:190:09:21

No.

0:09:210:09:22

-Ark.

-Ark is correct, yes.

0:09:230:09:25

Argon and potassium. APPLAUSE

0:09:250:09:27

So you're off the mark and you get a set of bonuses on science

0:09:290:09:32

in the 17th century, Emmanuel College.

0:09:320:09:35

Born in 1588, which French natural philosopher

0:09:350:09:39

gives his name to a prime number that has the form

0:09:390:09:41

two to the power N-1, for example...?

0:09:410:09:44

-Mersenne.

-Mersenne is correct.

0:09:440:09:46

Mersenne disseminated the ideas of numerous contemporary scientists,

0:09:460:09:50

including the experiments of which Italian,

0:09:500:09:52

who was the inventor of the barometer?

0:09:520:09:54

-Torricelli, I think.

-Yeah? That sounds right.

0:09:540:09:56

Torricelli.

0:09:560:09:57

Torricelli is right.

0:09:570:09:59

A 1639 work by Mersenne is a summary of the discourse

0:09:590:10:03

of which physicist and astronomer, born in Pisa in 1564?

0:10:030:10:07

-Galileo.

-Correct.

0:10:070:10:09

10 points for this. APPLAUSE

0:10:090:10:12

Which Prime Minister's term of office

0:10:120:10:14

saw the publication of Robert Tressell's

0:10:140:10:16

The Ragged Trousered Philanthropist,

0:10:160:10:19

Arnold Bennett's Clayhanger,

0:10:190:10:21

EM Forster's Howards End and DH Lawrence's Sons and Lovers?

0:10:210:10:25

Asquith.

0:10:250:10:26

HH Asquith is right, yes. APPLAUSE

0:10:260:10:30

So your bonuses this time are on the 1922 general election, Emmanuel.

0:10:310:10:35

Firstly, a Parsi born in Bombay,

0:10:370:10:39

Shapurji Saklatvala was elected for Battersea North,

0:10:390:10:43

endorsed by the Labour Party,

0:10:430:10:45

despite having joined which party the year before?

0:10:450:10:48

-I think it was the Liberals.

-Liberal?

0:10:480:10:50

-I can't think what else it would be.

-Liberal? Liberal party.

0:10:520:10:54

No, he was a Communist.

0:10:540:10:56

Unseating Winston Churchill, Edwin Scrymgeour

0:10:560:10:59

and the Labour candidate ED Morel

0:10:590:11:01

were elected for the two member seats of Dundee.

0:11:010:11:03

Which Scottish party did Scrymgeour represent?

0:11:030:11:07

Its initials were SPP.

0:11:070:11:08

-Scottish Progressive Party?

-Parliamentary?

0:11:100:11:12

Parliamentary? Or Progressive?

0:11:120:11:14

-Parliamentary?

-Go for Parliamentary.

0:11:140:11:17

Scottish Parliamentary Party.

0:11:170:11:18

No, it's the Scottish Prohibition Party.

0:11:180:11:20

And finally, who was elected as an independent for Harrow in 1922

0:11:200:11:24

having previously held the seat as a Conservative?

0:11:240:11:27

He later joined the Labour Party and in 1931 formed the New Party.

0:11:270:11:32

-1931. Do you know anything?

-No.

0:11:330:11:36

-I think we should just...

-Just pass, yes. Smith.

0:11:380:11:41

No, it was Oswald Mosley.

0:11:410:11:43

10 points for this.

0:11:430:11:44

The ancient Greek historian Megasthenes

0:11:440:11:47

is noted for a four-volume account of land situated largely

0:11:470:11:50

in which present-day country?

0:11:500:11:52

Born around 350 BC,

0:11:520:11:54

he was sent by King Seleucus the first

0:11:540:11:56

on embassies to the Mauryan Emperor Chandragupta.

0:11:560:12:00

-India.

-Correct.

0:12:010:12:03

APPLAUSE

0:12:030:12:05

These bonuses are on the solar system, Emmanuel.

0:12:060:12:10

In each case, name the planet whose data corresponds to the following.

0:12:100:12:14

Firstly, for 5.

0:12:140:12:15

Approximate diameter - 143,000km.

0:12:150:12:18

Mean distance from the sun - 5.2 astronomical units.

0:12:180:12:22

Orbital period - 11.86 years.

0:12:220:12:25

So Earth is one. Is it Mars or Jupiter?

0:12:250:12:28

-I think it's Jupiter.

-Jupiter?

0:12:280:12:30

-Is it Mars?

-It could be a lot longer. I'd go for Mars.

0:12:300:12:33

-Mars.

-No, it was Jupiter.

0:12:330:12:35

Secondly, approximate diameter - 49,500km.

0:12:350:12:38

Mean distance from the sun - 30 astronomical units.

0:12:380:12:41

Orbital period - 164.8 years.

0:12:410:12:45

-Is that Neptune?

-Neptune, yeah. Yeah, Neptune 30.

0:12:450:12:47

-Neptune.

-Correct.

0:12:470:12:48

Approximate diameter - 6,800km.

0:12:480:12:51

Mean distance from the sun - 1.5 astronomical units.

0:12:510:12:55

-Orbital period - 687 Earth days.

-That's Mars. That's Mars.

0:12:550:12:58

That is Mars, yes. 10 points for this.

0:12:580:13:00

APPLAUSE

0:13:000:13:02

Which lower case Greek letter represents, in biology -

0:13:020:13:06

a eukaryotic DNA polymerase implicated in translesion synthesis,

0:13:060:13:11

in particle physics -

0:13:110:13:13

a neutral meson with a mass of 548 mega electron volts

0:13:130:13:17

and in physics generally - the coefficient of viscosity?

0:13:170:13:20

-Eta.

-Correct.

0:13:230:13:24

APPLAUSE

0:13:240:13:26

Right, these bonuses are on the Greek dramatist Aeschylus.

0:13:270:13:31

Firstly for 5, Aeschylus is believed to have been born in around 525 BC

0:13:310:13:36

because chroniclers say that he was 35 when he fought

0:13:360:13:39

the invading Persians at which major battle?

0:13:390:13:43

THEY CONFER

0:13:430:13:45

Is that when Marathon is?

0:13:470:13:48

Marathon 580, isn't it?

0:13:500:13:51

Marathon. Yeah, go for that?

0:13:510:13:53

-Marathon.

-Correct.

0:13:530:13:54

After the son of Agamemnon,

0:13:540:13:56

what collective name is given to the trilogy by Aeschylus that...

0:13:560:13:59

-Oresteia.

-..includes The Libation Bearers

0:13:590:14:01

-and The Eumenides?

-The Oresteia.

0:14:010:14:03

Correct.

0:14:030:14:04

Often seen as a symbol of defiance against tyrannical power,

0:14:040:14:07

which Titan is described as Bound

0:14:070:14:09

-in a drama traditionally attributed to...?

-Prometheus.

0:14:090:14:12

Correct.

0:14:120:14:13

Right, we're going to take a music round now.

0:14:130:14:17

For your music starter,

0:14:170:14:18

you're going to hear music composed for a ballet.

0:14:180:14:20

For 10 points, please give me the name of the composer.

0:14:200:14:24

ORCHESTRAL MUSIC PLAYS

0:14:240:14:26

Tchaikovsky.

0:14:280:14:29

No. You can hear a little more, Warwick.

0:14:300:14:32

MUSIC CONTINUES

0:14:320:14:34

-Delibes.

-It is Delibes, yes.

0:14:460:14:48

APPLAUSE

0:14:480:14:50

The pizzicato interlude from his Sylvia.

0:14:500:14:52

So, for your music bonuses, three more pizzicato sections

0:14:520:14:56

in classical works.

0:14:560:14:57

I simply want the composer in each case.

0:14:570:14:59

Firstly for 5, this French composer.

0:14:590:15:01

PIZZICATO PLAYS

0:15:010:15:04

It sounds baroque.

0:15:050:15:07

It's funky.

0:15:080:15:10

THEY DISCUSS QUIETLY

0:15:120:15:14

-I can't think of any... Bizet, Berlioz.

-Saint-Saens, maybe?

0:15:150:15:17

Saint-Saens, yeah.

0:15:170:15:19

Oh, it might be Saint-Saens. Yeah.

0:15:190:15:22

Saint-Saens.

0:15:220:15:23

No, it's Maurice Ravel.

0:15:230:15:25

Secondly, this Russian composer.

0:15:250:15:28

NEW PIZZICATO PLAYS

0:15:280:15:31

If it was a ballet, I'd say Tchaikovsky...

0:15:310:15:33

-No, it's a pizzicato.

-It's a pizzicato. Prokofiev?

0:15:330:15:36

Or Tchaikovsky. Oh, I don't know.

0:15:360:15:38

Prokofiev.

0:15:380:15:39

No, that was Tchaikovsky.

0:15:390:15:41

And finally, this Italian composer.

0:15:410:15:43

NEW PIZZICATO PLAYS

0:15:430:15:47

Verdi, Puccini...

0:15:470:15:50

Erm, who else is there? I have no idea.

0:15:500:15:53

-Shall I just guess one?

-Guess this one.

0:15:530:15:55

Verdi.

0:15:550:15:56

No, it's Paganini's 24th Caprice.

0:15:560:15:58

10 points for this -

0:15:580:16:00

the subject of extensive excavation in the later 19th century,

0:16:000:16:03

which archaeological site to the south east of Salzburg

0:16:030:16:06

gives its name to the predominant culture in Central Europe

0:16:060:16:09

during the late Bronze...?

0:16:090:16:11

Neanderthal.

0:16:110:16:13

No, I'm afraid you lose 5 points.

0:16:130:16:14

..late Bronze and early Iron Ages?

0:16:140:16:16

-Hallstatt.

-Correct.

0:16:180:16:19

APPLAUSE

0:16:190:16:22

Right, your bonuses are on pairs of place names

0:16:230:16:26

in which the final letters of the first name begin the second.

0:16:260:16:31

For example, Oldham and Hammersmith.

0:16:310:16:34

Give both names from the descriptions.

0:16:340:16:36

Firstly, for 5 points,

0:16:360:16:38

the two-word name of the Indian state

0:16:380:16:40

whose capital is Kolkata

0:16:400:16:42

and the military campaign of the First World War

0:16:420:16:44

directed against the Ottoman Empire.

0:16:440:16:47

-So, Gallipoli will be the second.

-Gallipoli.

0:16:470:16:49

-What does it...?

-"Gal".

-It would end "gal" or "ga".

0:16:490:16:52

Is there a "Gupita"? Or "gal" - "Mugal"?

0:16:520:16:55

Well, he said it's two words, wasn't it, for the Indian state?

0:16:560:16:59

Yeah, it was.

0:16:590:17:00

Like upper or lower or something.

0:17:000:17:01

Something Pradesh.

0:17:010:17:03

But no, but it has to have Gallipoli,

0:17:030:17:04

-it has to have, like, "gal" at the end.

-Oh.

0:17:040:17:06

But I can't think of...

0:17:060:17:08

-I don't know.

-Like...

0:17:080:17:10

I don't know.

0:17:100:17:11

Upper Mugal and Gallipoli.

0:17:110:17:13

No, you were thinking along the right lines,

0:17:130:17:15

but it was West Bengal and Gallipoli.

0:17:150:17:18

And secondly, the Indian state whose capital is Patna,

0:17:180:17:21

and a French port who's captured by Henry V

0:17:210:17:24

features in Act 3 of the play by Shakespeare.

0:17:240:17:27

-What's that?

-Harfleur.

-And how do...?

0:17:270:17:29

-No, Honfleur, so, H-O-N.

-No, H-A-R.

0:17:290:17:32

-Is it H-A-R?

-Yeah, it's Harfleur.

-Harfleur?

-So, what's a...?

0:17:320:17:35

Something "Radhar".

0:17:350:17:37

Oh, it's terrible, I can't think.

0:17:370:17:39

What are the Indian states?

0:17:390:17:40

Chandigarh?

0:17:400:17:42

-Is that a...?

-Is that something, Chandigarh?

0:17:420:17:44

Chandigarh and Harfleur.

0:17:440:17:46

No, it's Bihar and Harfleur.

0:17:460:17:49

And finally, the Indian state whose capital is Mumbai

0:17:490:17:52

and a decisive naval battle off the south-western coast of Spain.

0:17:520:17:57

-So, Trafalgar.

-Trafalgar.

0:17:570:17:59

Traf... Trafal... Wait, is it Trafalgar?

0:18:000:18:03

Mahabra...no.

0:18:030:18:05

There's something that sounds like Mahabra, but isn't Mahabra.

0:18:050:18:08

-Something that ends in "tra".

-Yeah.

0:18:080:18:10

-Oh.

-Great. Where did they say was compared to Spain?

-South-west Spain.

0:18:100:18:13

-South-west of Spain.

-It's probably Trafalgar. I don't know.

0:18:130:18:16

I can't think of what it is.

0:18:160:18:17

Pass. Sorry, nothing.

0:18:170:18:18

The place you were searching for was Maharashtra and Trafalgar.

0:18:180:18:21

10 points for this -

0:18:210:18:23

which two letters appear at the end of short names

0:18:230:18:25

given in alchemy to the element mercury,

0:18:250:18:28

and in the book of Genesis to the third son of Adam and Eve?

0:18:280:18:31

The same...

0:18:310:18:33

Um, ETH.

0:18:330:18:35

No. You'll hear a little more actually.

0:18:360:18:38

You'll hear the rest of the question,

0:18:380:18:40

but you want to answer now?

0:18:400:18:42

TH.

0:18:420:18:43

TH, is correct, yes. I only asked for two letters.

0:18:430:18:45

APPLAUSE

0:18:450:18:48

OK, you get a set of bonuses this time, Emmanuel,

0:18:480:18:52

on a French thinker.

0:18:520:18:53

Who combined psychoanalysis with semiotics

0:18:530:18:56

into a highly influential and powerful theoretical synthesis?

0:18:560:19:00

He founded the Freudian School of Paris in 1964.

0:19:000:19:03

S-saus...

0:19:030:19:04

-Saussure.

-Ooh, Saussure.

-Saussure, yeah.

0:19:040:19:06

Saussure.

0:19:060:19:07

No, it's Lacan.

0:19:070:19:09

And secondly, an essay entitled The Rotten Donkey

0:19:090:19:12

first suggested to Lacan a new way of thinking

0:19:120:19:15

about the connection between mind and language.

0:19:150:19:18

Which Spanish surrealist was the author?

0:19:180:19:20

-Dali?

-I think it is.

0:19:200:19:22

-Dali.

-Correct.

0:19:220:19:23

In Lacan's psychoanalysis,

0:19:230:19:25

what French term refers to something that is desired

0:19:250:19:28

but can never be obtained?

0:19:280:19:31

-Something that you want but you can never...

-Like an idee fixe.

0:19:310:19:33

And idee fixe is a thing, but...

0:19:330:19:34

-No, I don't know. Do you want to say that?

-Erm.

0:19:340:19:36

-I can't think of anything.

-Idee fixe?

-Yeah.

-Why not?

0:19:360:19:39

Idee fixe.

0:19:390:19:40

-No, no, that's a set view.

-Oh. Yeah.

0:19:400:19:42

It's an objet petite a.

0:19:420:19:44

10 points for this -

0:19:440:19:46

consumption plus investment plus government spending

0:19:460:19:49

plus net exports is a formula for calculating what...?

0:19:490:19:53

GDP.

0:19:530:19:54

Correct. Gross domestic product.

0:19:540:19:56

You get a set of bonuses,

0:19:580:19:59

this time on medical adjectives, Emmanuel College.

0:19:590:20:03

From a Greek word meaning wait,

0:20:030:20:04

what term means relating to the causes and treatment of obesity?

0:20:040:20:08

-So it's going to be bari, right?

-Yeah, bari.

-Bariometry?

0:20:080:20:11

-Bari...

-Barimetry.

0:20:110:20:14

Why are we measuring bari...?

0:20:140:20:17

-Yeah.

-You think it's Barimetry?

-Bariology.

-Bariology.

0:20:170:20:20

Bariology?

0:20:200:20:21

No, you got the right derivation, but it's bariatric.

0:20:210:20:24

Secondly, from the Greek word for a halter,

0:20:240:20:27

what term means preventing blood flow

0:20:270:20:29

through a part of the body by constriction?

0:20:290:20:32

-So, it's like a... No, no, it's not a stent, it's a...

-Constriction.

0:20:320:20:35

Like a, you know, a thing that you...

0:20:350:20:36

-A tourniquet. No, it's a tourniquet, it's not Greek.

-I don't know.

0:20:360:20:39

Say stent.

0:20:390:20:40

Stent.

0:20:400:20:42

No, it's strangulated.

0:20:420:20:44

And finally, what six-letter term from the Latin

0:20:440:20:47

means relating to or caused by disease?

0:20:470:20:50

-Is it something like epi...?

-No, that's Greek.

0:20:500:20:53

-It's from the Latin.

-Pathol...

-So it's going to end in L?

0:20:530:20:56

-No, that's also Greek.

-Oh, I don't know. I'm out.

0:20:560:20:58

LAUGHTER

0:20:580:21:00

What's disease in Latin?

0:21:000:21:03

-I can't...

-Mind blanking.

-OK, never mind.

0:21:030:21:05

It's not the right one,

0:21:050:21:07

pathology.

0:21:070:21:09

-It's morbid.

-Morbid.

0:21:090:21:10

Right, we're going to take a second picture round.

0:21:100:21:12

For your picture starter, you're going to see a still

0:21:120:21:14

from a television series.

0:21:140:21:16

For 10 points, I want the name of the creator of the series.

0:21:160:21:19

Aaron Sorkin.

0:21:240:21:25

Correct. Aaron Sorkin is right. APPLAUSE

0:21:250:21:29

Aaron Sorkin is regarded as a show runner and auteur figure

0:21:290:21:32

with the overall responsibility for the tone and direction

0:21:320:21:35

of a long-form drama.

0:21:350:21:36

Your picture bonuses are stills from three more television series

0:21:360:21:41

of the last 20 years and, again,

0:21:410:21:43

in each case I want the name of the series creator and show runner.

0:21:430:21:47

Firstly, for five.

0:21:470:21:48

-Oh. Is it The Wire?

-So, that's The Wire.

0:21:500:21:52

-Yeah, who's that by?

-Um...

0:21:520:21:54

-Is he American?

-He's called David...

-Fincher?

0:21:540:21:58

-No, no, no.

-I don't know.

0:21:580:22:00

I can picture him.

0:22:020:22:03

-Smith, Smith, Johnson, Jones, Adams...

-No, no, it's not.

0:22:030:22:07

-OK, never mind.

-Do you just want a surname?

-Just pass.

0:22:070:22:10

David Jones.

0:22:100:22:12

-No, it was David Simon.

-Oh!

0:22:120:22:13

It was The Wire. Secondly...

0:22:130:22:16

-So, that's Orange Is The New Black.

-Any idea who...?

0:22:170:22:19

No, nothing. Pass?

0:22:190:22:21

-Jones.

-That's Jenji Kohan, Orange Is The New Black.

0:22:210:22:24

And finally...

0:22:240:22:25

Oh, is this Buffy The Vampire Slayer?

0:22:270:22:28

But who's that by?

0:22:280:22:30

-Joss Whedon.

-Joss Whedon, yeah.

-Joss Whedon?

0:22:300:22:32

-I think it's Joss Whedon.

-Yeah, it is Joss Whedon.

-Josh Whedon.

0:22:320:22:35

Correct. APPLAUSE

0:22:350:22:38

10 points for this.

0:22:380:22:39

The 1865 work, A Dynamical Theory Of The Electromagnetic Field,

0:22:390:22:44

set forth the basis of the four equations...

0:22:440:22:48

James Clerk Maxwell.

0:22:480:22:49

Correct. APPLAUSE

0:22:490:22:51

OK, Emmanuel College,

0:22:530:22:54

these bonuses are on FA Cup final venues before 1914.

0:22:540:22:59

In 1872, the first FA Cup final was played at which London venue?

0:22:590:23:05

It later became the first ground in England to host

0:23:050:23:07

-international test cricket.

-Lords.

-Lords, yeah?

0:23:070:23:10

I'm pretty sure. Lords.

0:23:100:23:12

-No, it was the Oval or the Kennington Oval.

-Ah.

0:23:120:23:15

Which ground in north-west England hosted the final in 1894?

0:23:150:23:19

It's home to a club that has played in the top flight

0:23:190:23:21

of English football since 1954.

0:23:210:23:23

Top flight, so...

0:23:230:23:26

It's not Manchester United, then, because they got relegated...

0:23:260:23:28

-Man City has been relegated, Aston Villa...

-Yes, yes. It's...

0:23:280:23:31

North-west.

0:23:310:23:33

-Liverpool, Everton...

-Everton?

0:23:330:23:35

-So, they want the name of club or the ground?

-I think Everton.

0:23:350:23:37

-Goodison?

-Goodison Park.

-North-west?

0:23:370:23:39

-Yeah.

-Yeah, they're still there.

0:23:390:23:40

-I think Goodison Park.

-Goodison Park.

0:23:400:23:42

-Correct.

-Yeah!

-APPLAUSE

0:23:420:23:44

And finally, which former ground in south-east London

0:23:440:23:47

was the venue of finals from 1895 to 1914?

0:23:470:23:50

The site is now a national sports centre.

0:23:500:23:53

Crystal Palace...that's south-east. So has...?

0:23:530:23:56

-What's the Crystal Palace stadium?

-That's not a sports centre.

0:23:560:23:59

Really? A sports centre.

0:23:590:24:00

Olympia sports centre, but that's in the west, so I don't know.

0:24:000:24:02

I don't know.

0:24:020:24:04

-Say Crystal Palace, even though that's not the answer.

-Come on.

0:24:040:24:06

Crystal Palace.

0:24:060:24:07

-Correct.

-Hey!

0:24:070:24:08

Right, 10 points for this.

0:24:080:24:10

There are about four minutes to go.

0:24:100:24:11

Published in 1989,

0:24:110:24:14

what was the third novel of the Japanese-born writer Kazuo Ishiguro?

0:24:140:24:18

It followed A Pale View Of Hills and An Artist Of The Floating World.

0:24:180:24:22

Remains of the Day.

0:24:250:24:26

Correct. APPLAUSE

0:24:260:24:28

Your bonuses are on seven-letter terms in the sciences.

0:24:300:24:33

In each case, give the term from the definition.

0:24:330:24:36

All three begin with the same letter.

0:24:360:24:38

Firstly, in physics, a term describing fluids

0:24:380:24:41

that have a high degree of resistance to shear

0:24:410:24:44

or, more generally, change in shape.

0:24:440:24:46

So, well, viscous would be, but did he say six letters or seven?

0:24:460:24:50

-He said seven.

-Isn't it...?

0:24:500:24:52

-OK.

-No, it is viscous, yeah.

-Viscous, yeah?

0:24:520:24:53

-What were you thinking?

-No, go.

0:24:530:24:55

-Viscous.

-Correct.

-Good.

0:24:550:24:57

In biology, from the Latin meaning empty,

0:24:570:25:00

what term denotes one of a number of different types of

0:25:000:25:03

membrane-bound organelles in cells?

0:25:030:25:05

-It's vacuole, isn't it?

-Vacuole. V-A-C-U-O-L-E, yeah.

-Yeah.

-Yeah.

0:25:050:25:08

Vacuole.

0:25:080:25:10

Correct.

0:25:100:25:11

In chemistry, the number of atoms of hydrogen

0:25:110:25:13

with which one atom of a given element can combine or can displace?

0:25:130:25:17

-Valency.

-Valency, yeah?

0:25:170:25:19

-Yeah.

-V-A-L-E...

-Yes, yes, it is.

0:25:190:25:21

-Valency.

-Correct.

0:25:210:25:22

APPLAUSE 10 points for this -

0:25:220:25:25

the US physicist Martin Perl won the 1995 Nobel Prize

0:25:250:25:30

for his discovery of which charge lepton?

0:25:300:25:33

He named it after the Greek letter

0:25:330:25:35

that begins the word for third in that language.

0:25:350:25:38

Uh, tau.

0:25:380:25:40

Tau or "toe" is correct, yes. APPLAUSE

0:25:400:25:42

So, you get a set of bonuses,

0:25:420:25:44

this time, Emmanuel College, on artistic depictions

0:25:440:25:46

of Saint Sebastien.

0:25:460:25:48

Born near Padua in 1431, which artist is noted for paintings

0:25:480:25:52

of Saint Sebastien that are now in collections in Paris,

0:25:520:25:55

Venice, and Vienna?

0:25:550:25:56

-Oh, 1431. What city did he say?

-Padua.

-Giotto is around there.

0:25:560:26:00

Giotto, maybe.

0:26:000:26:01

-Giotto?

-I don't know. I've got no idea.

0:26:010:26:03

Giotto?

0:26:030:26:05

-No, it was Mantegna.

-Ah.

0:26:050:26:07

Saint Sebastien Bound to the Column is one of a series of engravings

0:26:070:26:10

by which artist born in Nuremberg in 1471?

0:26:100:26:14

-It must be Albrecht Durer.

-Durer, yeah.

0:26:140:26:15

-Durer.

-Correct.

0:26:150:26:17

Which artist moved to Spain in 1577 and shortly after produced

0:26:170:26:21

a depiction of Saint Sebastien kneeling and bound to a tree?

0:26:210:26:24

-It's El Greco.

-El Greco, yeah.

0:26:240:26:26

-El Greco.

-Correct.

0:26:260:26:28

APPLAUSE 10 points for this -

0:26:280:26:31

what distinctive architectural form is incorporated into

0:26:310:26:34

the Great Stupa at Sanchi in India,

0:26:340:26:38

the Hagia Sophia in Istanbul,

0:26:380:26:40

and the Reichstag in Berlin?

0:26:400:26:42

Its name derives...

0:26:420:26:43

A dome.

0:26:430:26:45

A dome is correct, yes. APPLAUSE

0:26:450:26:47

Right, a set of bonuses, this time on the holy Roman Empire.

0:26:490:26:52

Firstly, the Golden Bull of 1356 confirmed the status

0:26:520:26:57

of the seven Imperial electors.

0:26:570:26:59

These included the king of which country?

0:26:590:27:01

The region in question now forms the larger part of the Czech Republic.

0:27:010:27:04

-Bohemia.

-Bohemia.

0:27:040:27:05

Correct.

0:27:050:27:06

The Imperial Electors included the archbishops of three cities -

0:27:060:27:09

name any two of them.

0:27:090:27:10

Mainz and Magdeburg.

0:27:100:27:12

Mainz and Magdeburg.

0:27:120:27:13

-No, it was Mainz, Trier and Cologne.

-Oh, sorry.

0:27:130:27:17

And finally, which Maregrave was an Imperial Elector?

0:27:170:27:20

The Margrave shares its name with the present-day German state

0:27:200:27:23

whose capital is Potsdam.

0:27:230:27:26

-Oh, that would be...

-Um, that's, um...

0:27:260:27:28

-Brandenburg.

-Yeah, it's Brandenburg.

0:27:280:27:30

-Brandenburg.

-Correct.

0:27:300:27:31

APPLAUSE 10 points with this -

0:27:310:27:33

dividing in the thigh into the tibial and common fibula nerves,

0:27:330:27:38

which nerve of the lower limb is the largest...?

0:27:380:27:41

-Sciatic.

-Correct, sciatic is right.

0:27:410:27:43

APPLAUSE

0:27:430:27:45

These bonuses are on sisters in 20th-century literature.

0:27:450:27:48

In each case, name the title and the author of the work

0:27:480:27:51

in which the following characters appear.

0:27:510:27:53

Firstly, Julia and Cordelia are the sisters of Sebastien

0:27:530:27:56

in which novel published...? GONG

0:27:560:27:58

And at the gong, Warwick University have 90,

0:27:580:28:00

Emmanuel College, Cambridge, have 200.

0:28:000:28:03

APPLAUSE

0:28:030:28:06

Well, bad luck, Warwick.

0:28:060:28:07

You're going to have to come back and play again anyway,

0:28:070:28:10

but you will have to win then,

0:28:100:28:12

and then win again in order to go through to the semifinals.

0:28:120:28:15

Emmanuel, you have to win one more time to go through

0:28:150:28:17

to the semifinals - congratulations to you.

0:28:170:28:20

I hope you can join us next time for another quarterfinal match,

0:28:200:28:23

-but until then, it's goodbye from Warwick University... ALL:

-Goodbye.

0:28:230:28:26

..it's goodbye from Emmanuel College, Cambridge...

0:28:260:28:28

-ALL:

-Goodbye.

0:28:280:28:29

..and it's goodbye from me. Goodbye.

0:28:290:28:31

APPLAUSE

0:28:310:28:34

Download Subtitles

SRT

ASS