Episode 26 University Challenge


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Episode 26

The quarter-finals continue as two teams of university students do battle to reach the next stage of the competition. Jeremy Paxman asks the questions.


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APPLAUSE

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University Challenge. Asking the questions - Jeremy Paxman.

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Hello. Last time, we saw Wolfson College, Cambridge

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win the first of the two quarterfinal victories

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our disobliging rules demand if a team is to take

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one of the four places in the semifinal stage

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of this competition.

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Tonight's teams both aim to do the same.

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Now, the team from the University of Bristol arrived here

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by beating Sheffield University in round one by 210 points to 130

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and followed it with an even more convincing performance

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in round two, defeating Oriel College, Oxford

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by 265 points to 70.

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Making their third appearance, let's meet the Bristol team again.

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Hi, I'm Joe Rolleston.

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I'm from Tamworth in Staffordshire and I'm training to teach history.

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Hi, I'm Claire Jackson, I'm from Carshalton in south-west London

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and I'm studying for an MSci in palaeontology and evolution.

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And this is their captain.

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Hi, I'm Alice Clarke, I'm from Oxford and I study medicine.

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Hi, I'm Michael Tomsett. I'm from Hinckley in Leicestershire

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and I'm doing a PhD in organic chemistry.

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APPLAUSE

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The team from Corpus Christi College, Oxford

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beat the reigning series champions, Peterhouse, Cambridge

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by 175 points to 150 in their second round match

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and that was after having defeated another Cambridge college, Jesus,

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in their first-round match with the score of 200 to 175.

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Let's meet the Corpus team making their third appearance.

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Hello, I'm Tom Fleet. I'm from Pendoggett in Cornwall

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and I study English.

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Hi, I'm Emma Johnson, I'm from north London and I study medicine.

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-And this is their captain.

-Hi, I'm Nikhil Venkatesh.

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I'm from Derby and I study philosophy, politics and economics.

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Hi, I'm Adam Wright from Winnersh in Berkshire

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and I'm studying for a DPhil in physics.

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APPLAUSE

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OK, let's just crack on with it. Fingers on the buzzers.

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Here's your first starter for ten.

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Which system of Hindu philosophy teaches the suppression

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of all activity of body, mind and will in order that the self

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may realise its distinction from them and attain liberation?

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It's name comes from the Sanskrit for yoking.

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-Yoga.

-Yoga's correct, yes.

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APPLAUSE

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You looked astonished the answer could be so easy.

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Your bonuses are on Shakespeare and World War I.

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Firstly, which capital city links the setting

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of Shakespeare's Measure For Measure

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with the first declaration of war on July the 28th 1914?

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-Vienna.

-Correct.

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Which French city links a battle of April 1917

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with Polonius' hiding place in Act III of Hamlet?

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-Can't remember.

-He was hiding in, like, the cupboard, right,

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the closet or something, no?

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So, it's...

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We don't know. Battles, any First World War battles?

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Erm... Verdun?

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No, he was hiding behind the arras.

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And, finally, which city links a character in As You Like It

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with a battle of August 1918, known as the Black Day of the German Army?

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-Battle of the Bulge?

-As You Like It.

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No, that's the Second World War, isn't it?

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As You Like It, who's in As You Like It? Come on.

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Rosalind - that's not a city.

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Rosalind.

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Rosalind? Have you been there?!

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No, it's Amiens. Ten points for this.

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During which century were Conrad II, Henry III and Henry IV

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successive rulers of the Holy Roman Empire?

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The latter's reign was marked

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by the Investiture Controversy with the papacy.

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15th century?

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Nope.

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12th century.

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No, it's the 11th century.

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Right, ten points for this.

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What gigantic mythical creature gives its name

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to the largest methane sea on Saturn's moon Titan?

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Of Norwegian origin, its name also appears...

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-Kraken.

-Correct.

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APPLAUSE

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These bonuses, Bristol, are on pirates.

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Firstly for five points,

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in the titles of recent non-fiction works by Susan Ronald,

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which monarch is the Pirate Queen and the Heretic Queen?

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The words "Dawn of Empire" appear in one subtitle.

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-Elizabeth I, it must be.

-Right.

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-Elizabeth I?

-Correct.

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Treated favourably by Elizabeth during a visit to London in 1593,

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Grainne O'Malley was the head of a powerful family in County Mayo.

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She's sometimes described as "the pirate queen"

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of which historical province of Ireland?

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THEY CONFER

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THEY CONFER

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I've not heard of it, take a guess.

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-Ulster?

-No, it's Connaught.

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And Elizabeth is said to have pardoned Lady Killigrew

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after she was implicated in acts of piracy in around 1580.

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Lady Killigrew was a resident of Pendennis Castle in which county?

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That sounds Cornish.

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-Yeah.

-Cornwall?

-Correct.

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APPLAUSE

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Ten points for this.

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What adjective derives from the name of a popular Italian foodstuff

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and denotes the verse form popularised in the 16th century...

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Macaroni.

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No, I can't accept that.

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..verse form popularised in the 16th century

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by the dissolute Benedictine monk Teofilo Folengo,

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which combined Italian vernacular with absurd Latin endings?

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Pasta?

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No, it's macaronic. That's the name of the verse form.

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Right, ten points for this.

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For several decades, Porfirio Diaz was the president of which country?

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-Mexico.

-Mexico is correct.

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APPLAUSE

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Your bonuses are on pairs of words that are anagrams of each other.

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Give both words in each case, please.

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Firstly, a piece of timber or stone supporting the masonry

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above a fireplace and an adjective meaning "relating to the mind"?

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-Mantel and mental?

-Mantel and mental. Mantel and mental.

-Correct.

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Secondly, a grievance submitted to a court of law

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for the purpose of obtaining redress

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and an adjective meaning flexible or supple.

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-Pliant and plaint?

-Oh, I like that.

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-Pliant and plaint.

-Correct.

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And, finally, a person responsible for leading the singing

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in a church and a container made of light cardboard or plastic?

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Crate and...

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I don't know the singing one.

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-Erm...

-Case.

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Crate and...

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Creat?

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Crate and creat?

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No, it's cantor and carton.

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Right, we're going to take a picture round.

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For your picture starter, I simply want you

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to name the form given to this cross.

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-Maltese.

-It is Maltese, that's right.

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APPLAUSE

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For your picture bonuses, three more symbols,

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each of them a specific variant of the cross.

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I want the name in each case. Firstly...

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-Is it just orthodox?

-Has it got a special name?

-I don't know.

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I wouldn't know anything else for it.

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-Orthodox.

-It is orthodox, yes, or Byzantine. Secondly...

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THEY CONFER

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-St John?

-Yeah, it's Order of St John.

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-Order of St John?

-No, it's the Jerusalem or Crusader's cross.

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And, finally, this one.

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THEY CONFER

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-Is that a Russian one?

-It looks faintly Russian. I don't know.

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I was guessing Gnostic.

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-Gnostic.

-That's a papal cross.

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Ten points for this.

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What three-word expression did Jonathan Swift

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coin in his satire The Battle of the Books to describe

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what he called the two noblest things

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that honey and beeswax were said to provide for mankind?

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Today, it's often used in an ironic sense...

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Sweetness and light?

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Yes. APPLAUSE

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These bonuses are on the League of Nations, Corpus Christi.

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In the 1920s, the League of Nations intervened

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in a dispute over the self-determination

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of the Aland Islands, decreeing they should remain

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an autonomous territory of which country?

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-Finland.

-Yeah?

-Finland.

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-Finland.

-Correct.

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In 1923, the Council of the League of Nations recommended fixing

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the north-eastern border of Poland near a demarcation line

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known as the Foch Line in a dispute

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over the control of which modern-day capital city?

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-Vilnius.

-Yeah?

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-Vilnius.

-Correct.

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With the support of Brazil in the early 1930s,

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the League of Nations resolved a dispute with the result

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that the Amazon port of Leticia was restored to which country?

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-Uruguay? I don't know, just shoot.

-Uruguay?

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No, it's Colombia.

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Another starter question.

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In physiology, which chamber of the heart receives blood

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from the inferior and superior venae cavae?

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-Right atrium.

-Correct.

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APPLAUSE Right, your bonuses

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are on rain in the Bible.

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In each case, identify the book of the Old Testament

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in which the following words appear.

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"I will cause it to rain upon the earth 40 days and 40 nights

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"and every living substance that I have made

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"will I destroy off the face of the earth."

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If it's Noah, it's Genesis.

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It's Noah so, yeah, yes.

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-Genesis.

-Correct.

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"Rise up, my love, my fair one, and come away,

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"for, lo, the winter is past, the rain is over and gone."

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-Song of Solomon, that kind of thing? The Song of Solomon.

-Yeah? Anything?

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-The Song of Solomon?

-Correct.

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"Hath the rain a father or who hath begotten the drops of dew?"

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-Is it Job?

-Yeah, it could be. Yeah?

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-Yeah, go for it.

-Job?

-Job is right.

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APPLAUSE

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Ten points for this starter question.

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"Our sympathy for her is like our sympathy for a bird

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"the cat has brought in - it flutters and it will die."

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These words of AS Byatt refer to the title character

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of which novel of 1857?

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It tells of the love affairs and suicide of a doctor's wife...

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Tess of the d'Urbervilles.

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Nope, you lose five points.

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..doctor's wife in Normandy?

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-Madame Bovary?

-It is Madame Bovary, yes.

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APPLAUSE

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Your bonuses are on infectious diseases, Corpus Christi.

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Lymphatic filariasis causes abnormal enlargement of the limbs.

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What is its common single word name?

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-Is it elephantitis?

-Could be. I don't know this, yeah.

-Elephantitis?

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Yes, I'll accept. Elephantiasis, it's more commonly known as.

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Secondly, for five points, what is the common name

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of the inflammatory infection caused by tinea species?

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-Tinea, erm...

-Inflammatory, mumps... No.

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Er, I've got no idea. I don't know.

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Bronchitis?

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No, it's ringworm of the scalp.

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And, finally, which virus causes human chickenpox?

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That's varicella.

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Varicella.

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Varicella is correct.

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APPLAUSE Ten points for this.

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"If it formed the one landscape

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"that we, the inconstant ones, are consistently homesick for,

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"this is chiefly because it dissolves in water."

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Taken from a poem by WH Auden,

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those words describe which sedimentary rock?

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-Limestone.

-Correct. APPLAUSE

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These bonuses are on unnamed characters in literature.

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In which novella of 1937 by John Steinbeck

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is one of the central characters known only as Curley's Wife?

0:12:400:12:44

-Of Mice And Men.

-Of Mice And Men.

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Of Mice And Men is correct.

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In which short story by Franz Kafka are the four main characters

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known only as the Officer, the Condemned,

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the Soldier and the Explorer?

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It's not The Trial because Josef K is in the Trial, so it's The Castle.

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The Trial has Josef K in it.

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Yeah, but it's not The Castle cos that's K as well.

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Is it?

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Erm, and it's not Amerika.

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It's not The Trial.

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-Well, go with The Trial.

-Yeah.

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-The Trial.

-No, it's not.

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It's In The Penal Colony.

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And, finally, the two main characters

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are referred to simply as the Man and the Boy

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in which post-apocalyptic novel by Cormac McCarthy?

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-The Road.

-Correct.

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APPLAUSE We're going to take a music round.

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For your music starter,

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you'll hear an excerpt from an opera by a German composer.

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Ten points if you can identify the composer.

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OPERATIC MUSIC PLAYS

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-Richard Strauss?

-No. You can hear a little more, Corpus.

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OPERATIC MUSIC CONTINUES

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Beethoven?

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No, it's Engelbert Humperdinck.

0:14:180:14:20

It's the Evening Prayer from Hansel and Gretel.

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So, music bonuses in a moment or two. Ten points for this.

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Dresden is the capital of which German federal state?

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-Saxony.

-Saxony is correct.

0:14:310:14:33

APPLAUSE

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So, you get the music bonuses.

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You'll recall that we heard Hansel in Humperdinck's Hansel and Gretel.

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It is a trouser role or breeches role.

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That is a male character written to be played by a woman en travesti.

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Your music bonuses are three more trouser roles in opera.

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Five points if you can give me the composer of the work.

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Firstly for five, this German composer.

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OPERATIC MUSIC PLAYS

0:15:010:15:05

THEY CONFER

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It sounds Beethoven-y.

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THEY CONFER

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Beethoven.

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No, that was Richard Strauss.

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-Oh!

-From Der Rosenkavalier.

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Secondly, this Italian.

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OPERATIC MUSIC PLAYS

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THEY CONFER

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THEY CONFER

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Verdi?

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No, that's Bellini from I Capuleti e i Montecchi.

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And, finally, this German-born composer.

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OPERATIC MUSIC PLAYS

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THEY CONFER

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THEY CONFER

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Handel?

0:16:250:16:27

It is Handel, yes. APPLAUSE

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Right, ten points for this.

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Published in 1980, Housekeeping was the first novel...

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Marilynne Robinson?

0:16:370:16:39

Yes. APPLAUSE

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Three questions on European royalty for your bonuses, Corpus Christi.

0:16:440:16:48

Who became the King of the Netherlands in 2013

0:16:480:16:50

on the abdication of his mother Queen Beatrix?

0:16:500:16:53

THEY CONFER

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-Willem?

-It's Willem-Alexander.

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I can't accept that.

0:16:590:17:01

Secondly for five points, give the name and regnal number

0:17:010:17:04

of the king of the Belgians who abdicated in 2013,

0:17:040:17:07

passing the throne to his son Crown Prince Philippe?

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I don't know, no idea.

0:17:130:17:16

There could have been a previous Philippe.

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Leopold IV?

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No, it was Albert II.

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And, finally, who acceded to the Spanish throne

0:17:210:17:25

on the abdication of his father Juan Carlos in 2014?

0:17:250:17:27

Again, I need both the name and the regnal number.

0:17:270:17:30

I thought it was still Juan Carlos. Is it another Juan Carlos?

0:17:300:17:33

-Is it Philip?

-I don't know which one.

0:17:330:17:35

-Philip the...

-There's definitely been a second.

0:17:350:17:38

We're definitely up to at least two.

0:17:380:17:39

LAUGHTER

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-Philip III?

-No, it's Felipe VI. LAUGHTER

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Ten points for this.

0:17:440:17:46

Named after a type of particle accelerator,

0:17:460:17:48

what term denotes the radiation emitted by a charged particle...

0:17:480:17:52

Synchrotron radiation.

0:17:520:17:53

Correct. APPLAUSE

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Your bonuses are on geometry this time, Corpus Christi.

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Algebraic, transcendental, open, closed

0:18:010:18:04

and plane are among the classifications

0:18:040:18:07

of what line, either straight or continuously bending without angles?

0:18:070:18:11

I don't know.

0:18:130:18:14

-A curve? Is that...

-No, they can't be straight.

-Oh, right.

0:18:180:18:23

A curve can be straight, yeah.

0:18:230:18:25

-A curve?

-Correct. LAUGHTER

0:18:250:18:26

What four-letter term denotes the point

0:18:260:18:29

at which two branches of a curve meet

0:18:290:18:31

or at which the moving point describing the curve

0:18:310:18:35

has its motion exactly reversed?

0:18:350:18:37

Is it the apex?

0:18:390:18:41

-That's just a random guess, but it could be.

-I like that.

0:18:410:18:43

-Apex?

-No, it's the cusp.

0:18:430:18:45

What type of curve is defined as a symmetrical open plane curve

0:18:450:18:50

formed by the intersection of a cone with a plane parallel to its side?

0:18:500:18:54

I think it's a parabola, maybe.

0:18:570:18:58

-Yeah?

-Yeah.

0:18:580:18:59

-Parabola?

-Correct.

0:18:590:19:01

APPLAUSE Ten points for this.

0:19:010:19:03

Lorentz National Park, the largest protected area of south-east Asia,

0:19:030:19:06

is located in which country on the island of New Guinea?

0:19:060:19:10

-Indonesia?

-Correct.

0:19:130:19:15

APPLAUSE

0:19:150:19:17

These bonuses are on a plant family, Corpus Christi.

0:19:190:19:23

What is the common name of Anacardium occidentale?

0:19:230:19:26

It yields a distinctively flavoured nut

0:19:260:19:29

that is a common ingredient in Indian and south-east Asian cuisine.

0:19:290:19:33

Almonds, maybe?

0:19:330:19:34

There's certainly a lot of almonds

0:19:340:19:36

in Indian and south-east Asian cuisine.

0:19:360:19:38

-Hmm, could be, could be.

-Could be peanuts, also.

-Almond?

0:19:380:19:42

No, it's cashews.

0:19:420:19:44

The cashew family is sometimes named after a shrub

0:19:440:19:47

that yields which reddish purple spice,

0:19:470:19:50

widely used in Middle Eastern cuisine?

0:19:500:19:53

-Erm, reddish...

-Reddish purple... Sumac?

0:19:530:19:56

-Erm, I think that's a combination of spices.

-Is it?

-Yeah.

-Are you sure?

0:19:560:19:59

I wouldn't swear to it.

0:19:590:20:01

-Sumac?

-Correct.

0:20:010:20:04

And, finally, which member of the sumac or cashew family

0:20:040:20:08

is the national fruit of India?

0:20:080:20:10

-I should know this.

-LAUGHTER

0:20:110:20:13

The national... The national FRUIT?

0:20:130:20:16

Mango? No?

0:20:160:20:17

I feel like it's mangoes.

0:20:170:20:19

Mango.

0:20:190:20:20

You're right! APPLAUSE

0:20:200:20:23

We're going to take another picture round now.

0:20:250:20:28

For your picture starter, you're going to see a photograph

0:20:280:20:30

of a poet. Ten points if you can identify him.

0:20:300:20:33

-Tennyson?

-It is Alfred, Lord Tennyson.

0:20:370:20:39

APPLAUSE

0:20:390:20:41

The picture was taken by the pioneering photographer

0:20:410:20:45

Julia Margaret Cameron in the 1860s.

0:20:450:20:48

Your picture bonuses are three more of her portraits

0:20:480:20:51

of 19th century artists and intellectuals.

0:20:510:20:53

I want you to identify the sitter in each case.

0:20:530:20:56

Firstly for five, this artist.

0:20:560:20:59

-Some Impressionist kind of character?

-Yeah.

-Degas?

-Maybe...

0:20:590:21:04

It could be Degas. There's no reason why it couldn't.

0:21:040:21:06

I feel like he had a beard.

0:21:060:21:08

THEY CONFER

0:21:080:21:12

-Yeah, OK.

-Pissarro.

0:21:120:21:14

-No, it's Holman Hunt.

-Oh, OK.

0:21:140:21:16

Secondly, this scientist.

0:21:160:21:18

THEY CONFER

0:21:200:21:24

No, isn't it, erm...

0:21:240:21:25

I don't know.

0:21:250:21:27

Rutherford?

0:21:290:21:30

No, it's Herschel.

0:21:300:21:32

And, finally, this novelist.

0:21:320:21:35

-That's Trollope.

-Yeah?

0:21:360:21:38

Trollope.

0:21:380:21:39

It is Trollope, yes. APPLAUSE

0:21:390:21:41

Ten points for this. The de facto mascot

0:21:410:21:43

of which film studio

0:21:430:21:44

is the character Totoro from an eponymous...

0:21:440:21:47

Studio Ghibli.

0:21:490:21:50

Studio Ghibli is correct.

0:21:500:21:51

APPLAUSE

0:21:510:21:54

Your bonuses are on literary titles, Corpus Christi.

0:21:540:21:59

In each case, I need the names of two authors.

0:21:590:22:01

Name the authors of Roxana, published in 1724,

0:22:010:22:06

and Romola, which appeared in the early 1860s?

0:22:060:22:09

THEY CONFER

0:22:100:22:12

If it's literary titles,

0:22:120:22:14

are they both going to be like Comte Something?

0:22:140:22:15

Yeah, the Duke of Something or the Comte de Something.

0:22:150:22:19

Give me titled writers.

0:22:190:22:21

-I don't know any.

-You just don't know?

0:22:210:22:23

-Got anything?

-No, I don't.

0:22:230:22:24

No, we've...

0:22:240:22:26

-Daniel Defoe and George Eliot.

-Oh, OK.

0:22:260:22:29

Give the two authors of the 1955 novel Lolita

0:22:290:22:32

and the ancient stage work Lysistrata?

0:22:320:22:35

Nabokov and who wrote Lysistrata?

0:22:350:22:38

Is that Sopho... Aeschylus, yeah, I think.

0:22:380:22:41

Aeschylus and Nabokov?

0:22:410:22:43

No, it's Nabokov and Aristophanes.

0:22:430:22:44

And, finally, who were the two authors of Shirley and Sybil,

0:22:440:22:50

both novels published in the 1840s?

0:22:500:22:52

-Shirley is, I think, Anne Bronte.

-Anne Bronte? OK.

0:22:520:22:55

Or maybe Charlotte Bronte.

0:22:550:22:57

-It's a Bronte!

-Say Bronte.

0:22:570:22:59

-Well, he's not going to give me Bronte, is he?

-No.

0:22:590:23:02

LAUGHTER

0:23:020:23:03

OK, go with Anne.

0:23:030:23:04

Anne Bronte and...

0:23:040:23:06

No, it was Charlotte Bronte

0:23:060:23:07

and Benjamin Disraeli.

0:23:070:23:09

Very entertaining, though. Ten points for this.

0:23:090:23:12

Which of Shakespeare's tragedies concludes with these words -

0:23:120:23:15

"The oldest hath borne most.

0:23:150:23:18

"We that are young..."

0:23:180:23:20

-King Lear?

-King Lear is right.

0:23:210:23:23

APPLAUSE

0:23:230:23:24

Albany's words.

0:23:240:23:26

Your bonuses this time, Corpus Christi, are on Argentina.

0:23:260:23:31

After Tierra del Fuego, what is the southernmost province of Argentina?

0:23:310:23:35

It shares its name with major cities

0:23:350:23:37

in the Canary Islands and in Bolivia.

0:23:370:23:40

Is it Las Malvinas?

0:23:400:23:42

No, it's not going to be a province, is it?

0:23:420:23:45

-La Paz?

-La Paz is certainly...

0:23:450:23:48

-La Paz?

-No, it's Santa Cruz.

0:23:480:23:51

Which province of western Argentina shares its name

0:23:510:23:55

with the autonomous community of northern Spain

0:23:550:23:57

whose capital is Logrono?

0:23:570:23:59

-Galicia?

-Galicia.

0:24:000:24:03

No, it's La Rioja.

0:24:030:24:04

And, finally, which province bordering Paraguay

0:24:040:24:07

shares its name with the historical Portuguese name for Taiwan?

0:24:070:24:11

-Formosa.

-Ah, yeah, I know that.

0:24:110:24:14

-Formosa.

-Formosa is right. APPLAUSE

0:24:140:24:15

Three and a half minutes to go, ten points for this.

0:24:150:24:18

Natasha Romanoff, Thor, Clint Barton...

0:24:180:24:22

The Avengers.

0:24:220:24:23

Indeed they are! APPLAUSE

0:24:230:24:26

In Marvel Comics.

0:24:270:24:30

Bonuses this time for you, Corpus Christi, on a field of law.

0:24:300:24:33

The Latin terms jus gentium and jus inter gentes

0:24:330:24:37

refer to two major aspects of what broad field of law?

0:24:370:24:42

THEY CONFER

0:24:450:24:47

It could be family law.

0:24:470:24:48

Family law?

0:24:480:24:49

No, it's international law.

0:24:490:24:51

Adopted by the UN General Assembly in Paris in 1948,

0:24:510:24:55

which declaration is also known by the abbreviation UDHR?

0:24:550:25:00

-The Universal Declaration of Human Rights.

-Correct.

0:25:020:25:05

Which east Asian city gives its name

0:25:050:25:07

to a 1997 treaty committed to reducing greenhouse gas emissions?

0:25:070:25:11

Kyoto?

0:25:110:25:13

-Kyoto.

-Kyoto is right,

0:25:130:25:15

two and a half minutes to go. Ten points for this.

0:25:150:25:17

In a plant cell, the membrane known as the tonoplast

0:25:170:25:20

surrounds which organelle?

0:25:200:25:22

-The vacuole?

-Correct.

0:25:240:25:25

You get a set of bonuses this time

0:25:250:25:27

on the international system of units.

0:25:270:25:30

In the 18th century,

0:25:300:25:32

there were two main competing definitions of the metre.

0:25:320:25:35

One was one ten-millionth of the length

0:25:350:25:37

of the Earth's meridian from pole to Equator through which city?

0:25:370:25:41

Paris or London?

0:25:430:25:45

-I feel like it's...

-Paris? They keep the kilometre in Paris.

0:25:450:25:50

-Paris?

-Paris is right.

0:25:500:25:52

The second definition was the length of a pendulum

0:25:520:25:55

having a period of what duration?

0:25:550:25:58

Is it going to be, like, one second or so? It's some other unit, yeah?

0:25:580:26:02

-Call it a second.

-One second?

0:26:020:26:04

No, it's two seconds.

0:26:040:26:05

The current definition of a metre is measured

0:26:050:26:07

as a length travelled by what?

0:26:070:26:10

-Light.

-It's light, yeah. Light.

0:26:100:26:13

Light in a vacuum is correct, yes. Ten points for this.

0:26:130:26:15

Which five-letter word is composed

0:26:150:26:17

of two personal pronouns -

0:26:170:26:19

the first-person plural objective

0:26:190:26:21

followed by the third-person singular feminine objective?

0:26:210:26:24

-Usher.

-Correct.

0:26:290:26:31

APPLAUSE

0:26:310:26:33

Your bonuses are on men born in 1916.

0:26:350:26:39

In each case, name the person or people from the description.

0:26:390:26:42

Firstly, two British prime ministers -

0:26:420:26:44

both were in office in 1970 and again in 1974.

0:26:440:26:47

Wilson and Heath.

0:26:470:26:50

-Harold Wilson and Ted Heath.

-Correct.

0:26:500:26:52

Which New Zealand-born biophysicist

0:26:520:26:54

shared the 1962 Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine

0:26:540:26:57

with Crick and Watson?

0:26:570:26:59

-Franklin? Rosalind Franklin?

-Franklin?

-No, it was...

-No, the men.

0:27:010:27:04

No, no, she was a woman.

0:27:040:27:07

Maurice Wilkins.

0:27:070:27:09

Finally, which US actor won an Academy Award for his part

0:27:090:27:12

in the 1962 film version of Harper Lee's To Kill A Mockingbird?

0:27:120:27:16

-Oh, Gregory Peck.

-Gregory Peck.

-Correct.

0:27:160:27:19

Ten points for this. In genetics, what term defines a gene

0:27:190:27:21

whose phenotype is expressed in the homozygous state...

0:27:210:27:25

-Recessive.

-Recessive is correct.

0:27:270:27:30

APPLAUSE

0:27:300:27:31

These bonuses are on an artist, Bristol. As a deputy of...

0:27:310:27:35

GONG And at the gong,

0:27:350:27:37

Bristol have 70,

0:27:370:27:38

Corpus Christi, Oxford have 250.

0:27:380:27:41

APPLAUSE

0:27:410:27:44

Well, Bristol, you're going to have to come back

0:27:450:27:48

and win two more matches to stay in the competition

0:27:480:27:51

and go through to the semifinals.

0:27:510:27:53

Corpus, you're going to have to come back

0:27:530:27:55

and win one match to go through to the semifinals.

0:27:550:27:57

Congratulations to you,

0:27:570:27:58

it was a storming performance, a well-balanced team.

0:27:580:28:01

Thank you all very much for playing, though.

0:28:010:28:03

I hope you can join us next time for another quarterfinal match,

0:28:030:28:05

-but, until then, it is goodbye from Bristol University.

-Goodbye.

0:28:050:28:09

-It's goodbye from Corpus Christi College, Oxford.

-Goodbye.

0:28:090:28:12

And it's goodbye from me. Goodbye.

0:28:120:28:14

APPLAUSE

0:28:140:28:17