Episode 25 University Challenge


Episode 25

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APPLAUSE

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Asking the questions, Jeremy Paxman.

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Hello. Tonight, we begin

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the infernal cancan of the quarterfinals.

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The 130 or so teams who apply to compete in this contest were

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whittled down to 28 who actually appeared on screen,

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and, after two rounds of competition,

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only the best eight of those remain.

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Now, to get to the semifinal stage,

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the rules demand that a team must win two quarterfinal matches,

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so a team winning two matches goes straight through,

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a team that loses two matches goes straight home

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and a team that wins one match but loses another must play again

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and win in order to stay in the competition.

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And from now on, the questions also get a little harder.

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Now, in their first-round match,

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Wolfson College, Cambridge beat the School of Oriental and African

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Studies on a tie-break question and a final score of 185 to 175.

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Their second-round match was a Cambridge derby against

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Jesus College, which they won by a wider margin - 225 points to 140.

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Let's meet the Wolfson team for the third time.

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Hi. My name is Justin Yang, I'm from Vancouver, Canada and I'm

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studying for a PhD in public health and primary care.

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Hi. I'm Ben Chaudhri, I'm from near Cockermouth in Cumbria and

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I'm studying natural sciences.

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-And this is their captain.

-Hi. My name is Eric Monkman,

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I'm from Oakville, Canada,

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and I'm studying for an MPhil in economics.

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Hi. I'm Paul Cosgrove from Cookstown in Northern Ireland,

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and I'm studying for a master's in nuclear energy.

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APPLAUSE

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The team from Balliol College, Oxford, arrived here by

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steam-rollering Imperial College, London,

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by 220 points to 55 in round one

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and by beating Robinson College, Cambridge with another

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convincing margin - 210 to 90 points - in round two.

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Let's meet the Balliol team again.

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Hi. I'm Freddy Potts, I'm from Newcastle and I'm reading history.

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Hello. I'm Jacob Lloyd, I'm from London

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and I'm reading for a DPhil in English.

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-And this is their captain.

-Hi. I'm Joey Goldman, I'm from London

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and I'm reading philosophy and theology.

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Hi. I'm Ben Pope, I'm from Sydney

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and I'm doing a DPhil in astrophysics.

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APPLAUSE

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OK, you all know the rules, so let's get on with it.

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Fingers on the buzzers. Here's your first starter for ten.

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"It is not a turning loose of emotion but an escape from emotion.

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"It is not the expression of personality..."

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John Keats.

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No. You lose five points. "..but an escape from personality."

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Those words from TS Eliot's The Sacred Wood describe

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what form of literature?

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Poetry?

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Correct. APPLAUSE

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You get a set of bonuses on boys' names, Wolfson.

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The surname of the Elizabethan author of the sonnet sequence

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Astrophil And Stella, what given name did Charles Dickens popularise

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by using it for one of the principal characters in A Tale Of Two Cities?

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-Sidney?

-Sidney.

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Sidney.

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Correct.

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Which name grew in popularity as a given name in recognition of

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the admiral who led the victorious British fleet

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at the Battle of the Saintes in the West Indies in 1782?

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-Nelson?

-Yeah, Nelson?

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-Nelson or Horatio.

-Nelson.

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Nelson?

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No, it was Rodney.

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And finally, which given name is believed to have come into

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fashion in recognition of the military leader who became

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Baron of Plassey in 1762?

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-Clive?

-Don't know.

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Clive?

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Correct, yes. Ten points for this. APPLAUSE

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Which decade saw the birth in Northampton of Anne Bradstreet,

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who became one of the first women settlers to write poetry in

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the American colonies?

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The same decade also saw the death of Shakespeare

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and the publication of the King James Bible.

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16...00s.

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No. I'm afraid you lose five points.

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1610s.

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Correct. APPLAUSE

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Right, Balliol College, your bonuses this time are on a shared term.

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Coined in 1930 for an indefinable element that sets something

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or someone apart, what term is also a colloquial expression referring

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to those aspects of military life that have no civilian equivalent?

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Something that sets someone apart...

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-Corps d'esprit?

-Esprit de corps.

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Esprit de corps?

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No, it's X factor.

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What letter precedes "factor" when meaning

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a measure of the quality of performance of

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a resonant system, indicating its ability to produce

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a large output at the resonant frequency?

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Q.

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Correct.

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What letter precedes "factor" in the quantity used in the calculation of

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the ratio of the angular momentum of a subatomic particle to its

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magnetic moment in the presence of spin-orbit coupling?

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-I'm not sure.

-Should we go J?

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We'll go for the J factor.

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No, it's G. Ten points for this.

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Give two terms as soon as your name is called.

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When describing points on an orbit around a celestial body, the

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terms "perihelion" and "aphelion" are used when the body is the sun.

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What two terms are used when the body is the...?

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Periapsis and apoapsis.

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No. I'm afraid you lose five points. ..when the body is the earth?

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Perigee and apogee.

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Correct. Here are your bonuses. APPLAUSE

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They're on artistic depictions of hell.

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What modern name is given to the triptych by Hieronymus Bosch

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depicting the Garden of Eden,

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scenes of orgiastic fantasy and the torment of the damned in hell?

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It's Garden Of Earthly Delights.

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Garden Of Earthly Delights?

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Correct. Inspired by Dante, which French sculptor created

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The Gates Of Hell,

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a monumental work he failed to complete before his death in 1917?

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-It is Rodin.

-It is.

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Rodin.

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Correct.

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Which French printmaker's works include wood-engraved

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illustrations for an 1861 edition of Dante's Inferno?

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Dore. Was that Dore? Dore.

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Correct. APPLAUSE

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Ten points for this.

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A quasi-Latinism based on the Latin for "when"

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and an Anglicisation of the French for "what shall I say of it?" are

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suggestions for the derivation of what word,

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meaning "a perplexing situation or dilemma"?

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Quandary.

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Quandary is correct, yes. APPLAUSE

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Your bonuses this time, Wolfson, are on geography.

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In each case, name the parallel of latitude that passes through

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or close to the following locations. All three parallels end with a zero.

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Firstly, Houston, Texas, Cairo, Egypt,

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Multan in Pakistan and Lhasa in Tibet.

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-Is it 30?

-30 or 40.

-I would say 30.

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-30?

-North or south?

-Degrees north.

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Correct, yes.

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Secondly, the Great Sandy Desert, the Great Barrier Reef,

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the Atacama Desert and the northern part of the Namib Desert.

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-10 degrees south?

-Do you think it's further than that?

-I don't know.

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20 or 10?

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-20?

-20?

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20 south?

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Correct.

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And finally, Guadalajara in Mexico, Santiago de Cuba,

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Puri in eastern India and Chiang Rai in Thailand.

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-10 north, maybe?

-Are you sure?

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-No, I think it's 10 north.

-OK.

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10 north?

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No, it's 20 degrees north.

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We're going to take a picture round. For your picture starter,

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you'll see a map of Europe.

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For ten points, I simply want you to identify

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the major city that's marked on it.

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Geneva?

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Nope.

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Basel.

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Basel is correct, yes. APPLAUSE

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Basel's position on the River Rhine, as you know, makes it the

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so-called "Port of Switzerland", the country's only cargo port.

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For your picture bonuses, you're going to see the locations

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of three more inland commercial ports.

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Five points for each city you can identify. Firstly for five...

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-That's Belgium, isn't it?

-Yeah, that's Belgium.

-OK.

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Inland ports? Liege?

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Liege?

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Liege is correct.

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Secondly, this city, the world's largest inland port.

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That's Lubeck.

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That's on the coast.

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Hamburg? Dortmund...

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Hannover, Stuttgart...

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Hannover.

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No, it's Duisburg. And finally...

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Seville.

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Seville.

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Correct. Ten points for this. APPLAUSE

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The Meursault Investigation

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by the Algerian author Kamel Daoud

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won the Goncourt First Novel Prize in 2015.

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It imagines the story of the murder victim on the beach...

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The Stranger by Albert Camus.

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Correct. APPLAUSE

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Right, your bonuses this time are on the film director

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Jane Campion, Balliol.

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Jane Campion won an Academy Award for Best Original Screenplay

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for which 1993 film, set mainly in New Zealand?

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Could be Heavenly Creatures.

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Heavenly Creatures.

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No, it was The Piano.

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Starring Nicole Kidman as Isabel Archer, which 1996 film, directed

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by Campion, is an adaptation of a novel by Henry James?

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The Portrait Of A Lady.

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Correct. The romance between John Keats and Fanny Brawne

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is the subject of which 2009 film directed by Campion?

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Bright Star.

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Correct. Ten points for this. APPLAUSE

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Name two of the three domains in the classification of living

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things proposed in 19...

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Archea and...eukaryote.

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Very good. Well done, yes. APPLAUSE

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..proposed by the US microbiologist Carl Woese, based on RNA analysis.

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So you get the set of bonuses.

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They are on Europe in the early 11th century, Wolfson.

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The Byzantine emperor Basil II is noted for his conquest of

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which Balkan empire?

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It shares its name with a present- day country of south-eastern Europe.

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Is it the Croatian Empire?

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-Croatian?

-Or Transylvania.

-Transylvania's not a country.

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I'd say maybe Croatia, maybe.

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Croatia.

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Bulgaria.

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Secondly, in the early 11th century, Sancho the Great established

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hegemony over most of Christian Spain. Which kingdom did he rule?

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It shares its name with the present-day capital of Navarre.

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-Navarre? Erm... Aragon.

-Yeah?

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Aragon.

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No, it's Pamplona.

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Along with Malcolm of Scotland, Owen the Bald defeated the English

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at Carham in 1016. Which kingdom did he rule?

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Its name refers to a Scottish river.

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-The...Clyde?

-Clyde?

-Clyde?

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Clyde?

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No, it's Strathclyde.

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Ten points for this.

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The name of what generic type of songbird results if the past

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tense of the verb "do" is pronounced with its consonants unvoiced?

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Tit.

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Tit is correct, yes. APPLAUSE

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You get a set of bonuses on the collection of the Museum of

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Modern Art in New York, Balliol.

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Man With A Guitar and Landscape At La Ciotat

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are early-20th-century works by which French artist?

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-Could be Monet.

-Cezanne?

-Cezanne sounds better to me.

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Cezanne.

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No, they're by Braque.

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The Dream and The Sleeping Gypsy are works by which French artist,

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born in 1844?

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Henri Rousseau.

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Correct.

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The Dance and Landscape At Collioure are works by which artist,

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who died at Nice in 1954?

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Matisse.

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Correct. Ten points for this. APPLAUSE

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In which novel of 1903

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does the widowed Mrs Newsome hear

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troubling rumours of her son Chadwick's love...?

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The Age Of Innocence?

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No. You lose five points.

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..her son Chadwick's love life in Paris and sends her fiance,

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Lambert Strether, to persuade him to return to America?

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It shares its title with a double portrait

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by Hans Holbein the Younger.

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The Ambassadors?

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Correct. APPLAUSE

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These bonuses, Wolfson, are on medicine.

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What is the six-letter medical term for

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a network of nerves or blood vessels?

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-Ganglia?

-Erm...

-Six letters?

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-Bundle?

-Bundle, yeah.

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Bundle?

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No, it's plexus.

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Secondly, what name is given to the plexus of nerves that runs

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from the spine through the axillas? It innervates the arms and hands.

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Solar?

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Solar?

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No, it's the brachial plexus.

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Located in the ventricles of the brain,

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which plexuses of blood vessels secrete cerebrospinal fluid?

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Is it, like, the interior plexus?

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-Ulterior?

-Yeah, go for it.

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Ulterior plexus?

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No, they're choroid plexuses.

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Right, we're going to take a music round now.

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For your music starter, you'll hear a piece of classical music.

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Ten points if you can identify the Austrian composer.

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MUSIC PLAYS

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# ..Kummerling... #

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Schubert?

0:14:230:14:24

Schubert is right. His Prometheus. APPLAUSE

0:14:240:14:26

That was one of many musical settings of poems by Goethe.

0:14:280:14:33

Your music bonuses are three more classical pieces inspired by Goethe.

0:14:330:14:38

In each case, for the five points, I want you to identify the composer.

0:14:380:14:41

Firstly for five, this German composer.

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MUSIC PLAYS

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Beethoven?

0:14:560:14:57

Beethoven?

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No, that was Mendelssohn,

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inspired by Goethe's poem Calm Sea And Prosperous Voyage.

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Secondly, the French composer of this opera.

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MUSIC PLAYS

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I would say Bizet.

0:15:130:15:14

Who knows? Is it, er... Goethe was Faust, right? So Gounod?

0:15:150:15:21

Gounod?

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No, it's Massenet,

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his Werther from Goethe's The Sorrows Of Young Werther.

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And finally, another French composer.

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MUSIC PLAYS

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This is, erm... The Sorcerer's Apprentice,

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which is by whom? It's by, er...

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Saint-Saens?

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-Canet or something. I don't know.

-Go for that.

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Canet.

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No, it was Dukas. You did get the right piece, though,

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it was The Sorcerer's Apprentice.

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Right, ten points for this. "An extraordinary affair.

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"I gave them their orders, and they wanted to stay and discuss them."

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Who said that after his first...?

0:16:060:16:08

George Orwell?

0:16:080:16:09

No. You lose five points.

0:16:090:16:11

Who said that after his first Cabinet meeting as Prime Minister?

0:16:110:16:14

His time in office saw Catholic emancipation in 1829.

0:16:140:16:18

The Duke of Wellington?

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Correct. APPLAUSE

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Wolfson, these bonuses are on sorrow in Shakespeare.

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In each case, name the stage work in which the following appear.

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"Give sorrow words; the grief that does not speak

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"Whispers the o'er-fraught heart, and bids it break."

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Is that Ophelia?

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The character who says it, or the work?

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-We have to say the play...

-Hamlet, maybe?

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Hamlet?

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No, it's Malcolm in Macbeth.

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I'm just looking for the name of the work.

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"This grief is crown'd with consolation.

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"Your old smock brings forth a new petticoat:

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"and, indeed, the tears live in an onion

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"that should water this sorrow."

0:17:020:17:04

-Richard II, maybe?

-I was going to say King Lear.

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OK, we'll say King Lear, then.

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King Lear?

0:17:090:17:10

No, it's Antony And Cleopatra. Enobarbus.

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And finally, "A countenance more in sorrow than in anger."

0:17:130:17:17

-Is that Hamlet?

-Maybe Hamlet.

0:17:200:17:22

Hamlet?

0:17:220:17:23

It is Hamlet. Horatio's description of the ghost.

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APPLAUSE Right, ten points for this.

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"A perennial gale

0:17:270:17:28

"of creative destruction..."

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Schumpeter?

0:17:310:17:33

No. You lose five points.

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You get the rest of it, Balliol.

0:17:370:17:39

"A perennial gale of creative destruction" - these words by the

0:17:390:17:42

Austrian economist Joseph Schumpeter refer to what broad economic system?

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Capitalism.

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Correct. APPLAUSE

0:17:510:17:53

Your bonuses are on a shared surname, Balliol.

0:17:540:17:58

Taking On The World, Race Against Time and Full Circle are accounts

0:17:580:18:03

by which record-breaking English sailor of her voyages and races?

0:18:030:18:07

-Ellen MacArthur?

-Yeah.

0:18:080:18:10

MacArthur.

0:18:100:18:11

Ellen MacArthur is correct.

0:18:110:18:13

Widely used to extract gold from ores,

0:18:130:18:16

the MacArthur-Forrest process uses which extremely poisonous

0:18:160:18:20

compound, after which it's more commonly named?

0:18:200:18:23

-Mercury something?

-Cyanide?

0:18:240:18:27

-Cyanide.

-Correct.

0:18:290:18:31

From 1945, the US general Douglas MacArthur headed the Allied

0:18:310:18:35

occupation administration of which country, introducing...?

0:18:350:18:38

Japan.

0:18:380:18:39

That's correct. Ten points for this. APPLAUSE

0:18:390:18:42

What short word links a heraldic beast with horns and tusks,

0:18:430:18:47

an Ivy League university and the inventor of the compact

0:18:470:18:50

cylinder pin-tumbler lock?

0:18:500:18:52

Yale?

0:18:540:18:55

Yale is right. APPLAUSE

0:18:550:18:57

Get these bonuses, you'll take the lead. They're on civil wars.

0:18:590:19:02

Firstly, in which Mediterranean country did US-backed

0:19:020:19:05

government forces defeat communist insurgents in 1949?

0:19:050:19:09

Greece.

0:19:090:19:10

The war had begun shortly after the Axis occupation ended in 1944.

0:19:100:19:13

Greece.

0:19:130:19:14

Correct.

0:19:140:19:15

La Violencia is the name given to the years of civil war in

0:19:150:19:18

which South American country,

0:19:180:19:19

sparked by the assassination of the liberal leader Gaitan in 1948?

0:19:190:19:24

That's a very Colombian name.

0:19:240:19:25

Colombia.

0:19:250:19:26

Correct.

0:19:260:19:27

In which African country did civil war break out in 1967,

0:19:270:19:31

shortly after the secession of the eastern region states under

0:19:310:19:35

the name of the Republic of Biafra?

0:19:350:19:36

Nigeria.

0:19:360:19:38

Correct. APPLAUSE

0:19:380:19:39

Ten points for this.

0:19:410:19:43

Dating to the early 20th century,

0:19:430:19:45

the Aarne-Thompson system classifies what general category of narrative?

0:19:450:19:50

The Austrian-born psychologist Bruno Bettel...

0:19:500:19:53

Myths?

0:19:530:19:54

No, I don't think so.

0:19:550:19:56

The Austrian-born psychologist Bruno Bettelheim explored its

0:19:560:19:59

meaning and significance in the 1976 work The Uses of Enchantment.

0:19:590:20:04

Fairy tales.

0:20:040:20:05

Fairy tales or folk tales is correct, yes.

0:20:050:20:07

APPLAUSE

0:20:070:20:09

And you've lost five points, of course, Balliol.

0:20:100:20:12

So you're no longer in the lead.

0:20:120:20:15

OK, Wolfson, football in the 19th century for your bonuses.

0:20:150:20:19

The Football League was formed in 1888 with 12 clubs.

0:20:190:20:23

Which Lancashire club were champions in the first two seasons?

0:20:230:20:27

-I don't know this.

-Burnley?

0:20:280:20:31

I don't even know the geography.

0:20:310:20:33

I don't know.

0:20:330:20:34

-Burnley? I don't know.

-OK.

0:20:340:20:35

Nominate Chaudhri.

0:20:350:20:36

Burnley?

0:20:360:20:38

No, it's Preston North End.

0:20:380:20:39

Secondly, during the Football League's first decade,

0:20:390:20:42

two clubs won the championship three times. Name either one.

0:20:420:20:46

In the 2015/2016 season, both played in the Premier League.

0:20:460:20:51

-No idea.

-Newcastle and...

0:20:560:21:00

Arsenal?

0:21:000:21:02

-Nominate Cosgrove.

-Are you serious?

0:21:020:21:04

Newcastle and Arsenal?

0:21:040:21:06

No, it was Sunderland and Aston Villa. I only needed one of them.

0:21:060:21:09

-Oh!

-But you didn't get either.

0:21:090:21:11

In 1893, Small Heath became the first champions of the

0:21:110:21:15

Second Division. By what name is the club now known?

0:21:150:21:18

It doesn't...

0:21:210:21:22

I don't know.

0:21:240:21:26

Pick a random club.

0:21:260:21:27

Arsenal.

0:21:270:21:28

No, it's Birmingham City.

0:21:280:21:30

We're going to take a second picture round.

0:21:300:21:32

For your picture starter, you're going to see a painting.

0:21:320:21:34

Ten points if you can identify the artist.

0:21:340:21:37

Er, Turner?

0:21:390:21:41

No.

0:21:410:21:43

Caspar David Friedrich.

0:21:430:21:44

Correct. APPLAUSE

0:21:440:21:46

That painting uses the compositional device of the Ruckenfigur,

0:21:480:21:52

a foregrounded figure seen from behind contemplating

0:21:520:21:55

the view in front of them.

0:21:550:21:57

Your picture bonuses are three more works that use that device.

0:21:570:22:01

In each case, I simply want you to identify the artist.

0:22:010:22:04

Firstly for five...

0:22:040:22:06

Munch.

0:22:070:22:08

That is Edvard Munch, Young Girl On A Jetty.

0:22:080:22:10

Secondly, this Italian artist.

0:22:100:22:12

Boccioni, maybe?

0:22:170:22:18

Boccioni?

0:22:180:22:19

Correct. And finally...

0:22:190:22:21

Magritte.

0:22:220:22:24

Correct. APPLAUSE

0:22:240:22:26

Right, you've retaken the lead.

0:22:280:22:30

So, we get another starter question now. Fingers on the buzzers.

0:22:300:22:33

In the human genetic code,

0:22:330:22:35

how many distinct codon combinations is it possible to form,

0:22:350:22:38

each one consisting of a triplet of the four nucleotide bases?

0:22:380:22:42

24.

0:22:450:22:46

Anyone like to buzz from Wolfson?

0:22:460:22:48

61.

0:22:510:22:53

No, it's 64.

0:22:530:22:54

Ten points for this.

0:22:540:22:56

What name denotes the form of theatre influenced by symbolism

0:22:560:22:59

and surrealism that was developed in the 1930s by the French dramatist,

0:22:590:23:04

poet and actor Anton...?

0:23:040:23:06

Absurd.

0:23:060:23:08

No. You lose five points.

0:23:080:23:09

..dramatist, poet and actor Antonin Artaud?

0:23:090:23:13

Theatre of the Absurd?

0:23:170:23:19

No, it's Theatre of Cruelty. Ten points for this.

0:23:190:23:21

Which of Snow White's seven dwarfs is known in Latin as Sternuens,

0:23:210:23:27

in Spanish as Mucoso

0:23:270:23:29

and in French as Atchoum?

0:23:290:23:31

Sneezy?

0:23:330:23:34

Yes! APPLAUSE

0:23:340:23:36

You could retake the lead if you get these bonuses, Wolfson.

0:23:390:23:42

They're on inorganic chemistry.

0:23:420:23:44

Which non-metal has more allotropic forms than any other element?

0:23:440:23:49

-Probably carbon.

-Sulphur.

-Carbon.

-I would say sulphur.

0:23:490:23:52

-Sulphur?

-Or phosphorus.

0:23:520:23:54

-Well, chemists, tell me. What do you want?

-Go sulphur.

-OK, sulphur.

0:23:540:24:00

Sulphur?

0:24:000:24:01

Sulphur is correct.

0:24:010:24:03

What precise term is given to salts that contain the S2O32 minus ion?

0:24:030:24:10

-Sulphite?

-It's a di-, it's two sulphurs, though.

0:24:100:24:14

Disulphite?

0:24:140:24:15

-Two sulphurs.

-OK.

0:24:160:24:19

Nominate Cosgrove. Er, nominate Chaudhri.

0:24:190:24:21

Disulphite?

0:24:210:24:23

No, they're thiosulphates.

0:24:230:24:25

And finally, in photographic processing, sodium thiosulphate

0:24:250:24:29

is used to remove unreduced silver from negatives and prints.

0:24:290:24:33

What is that process called?

0:24:330:24:35

It's reducing... I don't know. Finishing?

0:24:370:24:40

-It might be reducing.

-Is it the iodine process?

0:24:400:24:43

-I don't think it involves iodine.

-I would say finishing.

0:24:430:24:46

Finishing?

0:24:460:24:47

No, fixing. Three minutes to go.

0:24:470:24:49

Another starter question.

0:24:490:24:50

In which book of the New Testament do these words appear?

0:24:500:24:53

"He maketh his sun to rise on the evil and on the good

0:24:530:24:57

"and sendeth rain on the just and on the unjust."

0:24:570:25:00

Revelation?

0:25:030:25:05

No. Anyone want to buzz from Balliol?

0:25:050:25:07

Romans.

0:25:070:25:09

No, it's Matthew. Ten points for this.

0:25:090:25:11

Born in Vienna in 1900, who was awarded the Nobel Prize for

0:25:110:25:15

Physics in 1945 for his discovery of the exclusion principle?

0:25:150:25:19

Wolfgang Pauli.

0:25:210:25:22

Correct. APPLAUSE

0:25:220:25:24

Your bonuses are on Unesco World Heritage Sites in China.

0:25:260:25:31

In which province are both the temple and cemetery of

0:25:310:25:34

Confucius and Mount Tai,

0:25:340:25:36

one of the five sacred mountains in traditional China?

0:25:360:25:39

-I think that's, like...

-Zhejiang?

0:25:390:25:43

-Zhejiang? I think it's, like, Henan or something.

-I have no idea.

0:25:430:25:46

Henan?

0:25:460:25:47

No, it's Shandong.

0:25:470:25:49

In which autonomous region, secondly,

0:25:490:25:51

is the site of Xanadu, the summer capital of Kublai Khan from 1274?

0:25:510:25:55

-Is it Tibet?

-Shanghai or something?

0:25:560:25:59

-Name an autonomous region.

-Oh, a Mongolian autonomous region?

0:25:590:26:01

-Inner Mongolia?

-Yeah...

0:26:010:26:04

Inner Mongolia?

0:26:040:26:05

Correct.

0:26:050:26:06

In which province are the giant-panda sanctuaries

0:26:060:26:09

and the giant Buddha of Leshan?

0:26:090:26:11

Sichuan.

0:26:110:26:12

Correct. Ten points for this. APPLAUSE

0:26:120:26:15

"I do not want people to be very agreeable,

0:26:150:26:18

"as it saves me the trouble of liking them a great deal."

0:26:180:26:21

Which author wrote those words in a letter of December 1798 to

0:26:210:26:25

her sister Cassandra?

0:26:250:26:27

Austen?

0:26:280:26:29

Jane Austen is right. APPLAUSE

0:26:290:26:31

Your bonuses this time, Wolfson, are on insects.

0:26:330:26:36

Insects such as mayflies and grasshoppers differ from beetles

0:26:360:26:39

and ants in that their metamorphosis does not include which stage?

0:26:390:26:43

Larva? Do they not have larvae?

0:26:430:26:45

-They have nymphs.

-Do they have pupae?

0:26:450:26:49

-I don't think they have larvae.

-No larvae. OK.

0:26:490:26:51

-Come on.

-Larvae?

0:26:510:26:53

No, it's the pupal stage.

0:26:530:26:55

From the Latin meaning "form" or "likeness",

0:26:550:26:57

what general term is used to indicate

0:26:570:26:59

a stage in the development of an insect between two moults?

0:26:590:27:02

An example is the nymph or larval stage.

0:27:020:27:05

-Instar, I think.

-OK. Nominate Chaudhri.

0:27:050:27:07

Instar?

0:27:070:27:08

Correct.

0:27:080:27:10

What term is commonly applied to the nymph stage in aquatic

0:27:100:27:12

species such as dragonflies?

0:27:120:27:14

It's also used for a water nymph in Greek mythology.

0:27:140:27:17

Is it hydra?

0:27:170:27:19

-Naiad?

-Yeah, I think that's it.

0:27:190:27:21

Nominate Yang.

0:27:210:27:22

Er, naiad?

0:27:220:27:24

Naiad is correct. APPLAUSE

0:27:240:27:26

Ten points for this starter question.

0:27:260:27:28

Written while its author was studying in London,

0:27:280:27:30

the 1938 anthropological work Facing Mount Kenya...

0:27:300:27:34

Jomo Kenyatta.

0:27:340:27:35

Correct. APPLAUSE

0:27:350:27:36

You get a set of bonuses this time on place names, Balliol.

0:27:360:27:39

Which republic consists of half of one of the Lesser Sunda

0:27:390:27:42

Islands and has a name that literally means "east east"?

0:27:420:27:45

Timor-Leste. East Timor.

0:27:450:27:47

Correct. Which country is sometimes said to derive its name from

0:27:470:27:50

a word meaning "west"?

0:27:500:27:51

It formally became a republic on Easter Monday in 1949.

0:27:510:27:55

Kiribas.

0:27:570:27:58

No, it's Ireland or Eire.

0:27:580:28:00

The Arabic name of which North African country...?

0:28:000:28:02

GONG And at the gong...

0:28:020:28:04

APPLAUSE ..Balliol College, Oxford have 135,

0:28:040:28:07

but Wolfson College, Cambridge have 165.

0:28:070:28:09

So you're going to have to come back and win twice now to go through,

0:28:110:28:15

Balliol, but, you know, you're a pretty strong team and you

0:28:150:28:18

were in the lead for much of that match.

0:28:180:28:20

Wolfson, many congratulations.

0:28:200:28:22

Imagine knowing Sneezy! How terribly useful!

0:28:220:28:25

I hope you can join us next time for another quarterfinal match.

0:28:260:28:29

But until then, it is goodbye from Balliol College, Oxford...

0:28:290:28:32

-ALL:

-Goodbye.

0:28:320:28:33

..from Wolfson College, Cambridge...

0:28:330:28:35

-ALL:

-Goodbye.

0:28:350:28:36

..and it's goodbye from me. Goodbye.

0:28:360:28:38

APPLAUSE

0:28:380:28:40

It is the first of the quarter-finals and two student teams fight it out to reach the next stage of the competition.

Jeremy Paxman asks the questions.


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