Episode 15 University Challenge


Episode 15

It is the first of the two highest-scoring loser matches and two teams get a second chance to make it to the second round. Jeremy Paxman asks the questions.


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Transcript


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-APPLAUSE

-University Challenge.

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Asking the questions, Jeremy Paxman.

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Hello, 28 teams entered this contest and 12 have already made their exit.

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Only two places remain in the second round

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and playing for those are four institutions

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who lost their first round matches, but did so with scores

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that were close to, or even exceeding,

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the winning totals in other fixtures.

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They all know that teams who've survived

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by this apparent act of clemency in the past

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have gone on to be series champions.

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So, they've got to everything to play for.

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Now, the team from the University of Ulster

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lost to Edinburgh University in their first round match,

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despite being in the lead for the first 10 minutes

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and on level pegging for much of the remainder.

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They did well in diverse areas such as the music of Howard Goodall,

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the Nobel Peace Prize, and mountain peaks.

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They also picked up a highly commended

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in the Yul Brynner look-alikes stakes and were on 160 at the gong,

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losing by a mere five points.

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With an average age of a sprightly 50,

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let's meet the Ulster team again.

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Hello, I'm Cal McDaid from Buncrana in County Donegal

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and I'm studying for a Masters in English literature.

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Hi, I'm Kate Ritchie from the Waringstown, County Armagh,

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and I'm studying fine art.

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-And this is their captain.

-Hi, I'm Iain Jack.

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I'm originally from Peterhead in Aberdeenshire

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and I'm reading for a PhD in pharmacy.

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Hi, I'm Matthew Milliken, I'm from Comber in County Down

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and I'm studying for a PhD in education.

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Their opponents from St Anne's College, Oxford

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lost to Corpus Christi College, Cambridge,

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despite it being a pretty close match up to the halfway stage,

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when they allowed Corpus to run riot with the buzzer.

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They still managed to chip in with what they knew about

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sustainable development, the Meiji Restoration and electronegativity,

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and were on 135 points at the gong.

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The team have an average age of 22,

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which you don't need a degree in mathematics to work out

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is less than half that of their opponents.

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Let's meet them again.

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Hi, I'm Ramani Chandramohan.

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I'm from Canterbury in Kent and I'm reading classics and French.

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My name's Cameron, I'm from Fleet in Hampshire and I read chemistry.

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Their captain.

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Hi, I'm Kanta Dihal, I'm from Eindhoven in the Netherlands,

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and I'm reading for a DPhil in literature.

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Hi, I'm Andrew,

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from Northampton I'm reading for a Masters in earth sciences.

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OK, you can doubtless all recite the rules in your sleep,

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so fingers on the buzzers. Here's the first starter for ten.

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A necklace, a monkey, curly hair, cropped hair

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and the portrait of Dr Farill

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all feature in self portraits by which...?

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-Frida Kahlo.

-Correct.

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You get a set of bonuses on Japanese innovations.

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Firstly for five points, known by a three-letter abbreviation

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and as E621, what food additive was created in 1908

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by the Japanese biochemist Kikunae Ikeda?

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-Japanese foods, anybody?

-Three letters.

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-Soy or something like that.

-Soy?

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No, it's monosodium glutamate.

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In 1969, Daisuke Inoue was an almost penniless drummer

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when he invented the Juke 8,

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the prototype for a device now known by what name?

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Drum machine?

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-Nominate Milliken.

-Drum machine.

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No, it's a karaoke machine.

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And finally, working on i-mode, the world's first major mobile

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internet platform, what did Shigetaka Kurita invent

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when he created a set of 176 characters,

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each of 12 pixels by 12?

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Emojis?

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Try that. Emojis.

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Emojis is correct, yes.

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10 points for this. According to one version

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of a 17th-century rhyme,

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what thick, woollen fabric came into England all in one year?

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Along with hops, heresies and beer.

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The fabric is often dyed green and used to cover the tops of snooker...

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Baize.

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Baize is correct, yes.

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These bonuses are on stars, Ulster.

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In astronomy, what adjective is used to describe stars

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whose brightness, as observed from Earth, appears to change

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over relatively short periods of time?

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Blinking, or something like that. Yeah.

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Blinking.

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No, it's variable stars.

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Which star system in the constellation Perseus

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is an example of an eclipsing binary,

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a pair of stars whose apparent brightness varies

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as they orbit their mutual centre of gravity?

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It shares its name with a computer programming language.

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Computer programming language?

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-DOS.

-No, it's Algol.

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And finally, Polaris is an example of a star in what broad category

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of variable stars, named after the constellation

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in which the first known example was observed by John Goodricke in 1784?

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No idea.

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Pole Star.

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No, they're Cepheid variables.

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10 points for this.

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What is the four-letter title

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of the US author and academic Charles Seife's non-fiction work

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subtitled The Biography Of A Dangerous Idea?

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Depending on the precise definition,

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the mathematical concept in question is variously held to...

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-Zero.

-Zero is right.

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These bonuses are on Scottish artists, St Anne's.

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Which Glasgow-born artist won the Turner Prize in 2010

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for her work Lowlands?

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It was the first time the award had been given to a sound installation.

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No idea, don't know.

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-Kate McDonald?

-No, it was Susan Philipsz.

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Secondly, the Scottish National Gallery Of Modern Art

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houses a reconstruction of the studio of which Scottish artist

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of Italian descent, who donated a substantial collection

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to the gallery before his death in 2005?

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His larger sculptures include Vulcan and Osaka Steel.

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No, I was going to say Rennie Mackintosh,

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but I don't think so.

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Mackintosh?

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No, it's Eduardo Paolozzi.

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And finally, Ken Currie's works include Three Oncologists,

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on display in the Scottish National Portrait Gallery,

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and a 2008 portrait of which theoretical physicist,

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Nobel Laureate and Emeritus Professor

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of the University of Edinburgh?

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-It could be Pauling.

-Sorry?

-Linus Pauling.

-He wasn't there.

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Yeah, he's a physicist.

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Linus Pauling.

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No, it's Peter Higgs of the Higgs boson.

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10 points for this.

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In physiology, which chemical is released

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into the neuromuscular junction when a nerve impulse

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reaches the end of a motor neuron?

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It's responsible...

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A neurotransmitter.

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No, you lose five points.

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It's responsible for muscle contraction,

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blood vessel dilation and slowing down the heart rate.

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-Acetylcholine.

-Correct.

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These bonuses are on composers, Ulster.

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Which composer's works include four pieces for solo piano,

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written between 1831-42, to which he gave the title Ballade?

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-Debussy?

-It's a bit early for Debussy.

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-Erm, is it Chopin?

-Try that.

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-Chopin.

-Correct.

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His works including the 1901 opera Manru, which composer

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and politician represented Poland as Prime Minister

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and Minister of Foreign Affairs at the Paris Peace Conference

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following the First World War?

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-Paderewski.

-Correct.

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Born 1933, which Polish composer is particularly noted

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for his Third Symphony, known as the Symphony Of Sorrowful Songs?

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-Gorecki.

-Correct.

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We're going to take a picture round now.

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For your picture starter,

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you're going to see the floor plan of a historic building in London.

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10 points if you can give me the name of the building.

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St Pauls?

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It is St Pauls Cathedral, yes.

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OK, Ulster, your picture bonuses are three more floor plans

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of public buildings in London.

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Again for five points, in each case, simply give me

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the name of the building. Firstly...

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The Tate, the new bit? The Tate Modern.

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The Tate Modern.

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No, that's the National Gallery. Secondly...

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That could be the Tate Modern. That's the engine room.

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-That's the Tate Modern.

-You think so?

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-The Tate Modern.

-Correct.

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And finally...

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-Any ideas for this one, people?

-That's Buckingham Palace, isn't it?

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I don't know.

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-Buckingham Palace.

-You sure?

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Could be, try it.

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Buckingham Palace.

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No, that's the British library.

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So, 10 points at stake for this.

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What seven-letter name links the first British translator

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of Virgil's Aeneid, a Scottish botanist after whom...?

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Dryden.

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No, I'm afraid you lose five points.

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A Scottish botanist after whom a coniferous evergreen is named,

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and the actors whose screen roles include Spartacus and Gordon Gekko.

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-Douglas.

-Correct.

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These bonuses are on modern feminism, Ulster.

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Founder of the Everyday Sexism Project,

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who is the author of the 2016 book Girl Up,

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which concerns such issues

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as false representation of women in the media?

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-Caitlin Moran.

-Try her anyway.

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-Caitlin Moran.

-No, it's Laura Bates.

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Secondly, the US author Rebecca Solnit is linked

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to which neologism, meaning to explain without regard to the fact

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that the explainee may know more than the explainer?

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Mansplain.

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-Mansplain.

-Mansplaining is correct.

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In 2015, the Swedish Women's Lobby and the publisher Albert Bonnier

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announced their plan to give every 16-year-old in Sweden

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a copy of which Nigerian author's book,

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We Should All Be Feminists?

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Chimamanda...Ngozi...

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-Nominate Ritchie.

-No!

-LAUGHTER

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Chimamanda Ngozi...Achebe.

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-No, it's Adichie.

-Adichie!

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I can't give you the points. 10 points for this.

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Matthew Arnold in his 1869 work

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Culture And Anarchy designated the aristocracy as the Barbarians,

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and gave the middle-class what name,

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after a non-Semitic people of Ancient Palestine,

0:11:190:11:22

who were the enemies of Samson?

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-The Philistines.

-Correct.

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You get three bonuses on an art critic.

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Whom did John McNeill Whistler sue for libel

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after an attack on his 1875 painting Nocturne In Black And Gold -

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The Falling Rocket, in which he was accused of flinging

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a pot of paint in the public's face?

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Roger Fry, I think. Roger Fry or...

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-Roger Fry, I think.

-Roger Fry.

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No, it was John Ruskin.

0:11:540:11:55

After reading Ruskin's critique of capitalism

0:11:550:11:58

entitled Unto This Last, which Indian lawyer was prompted to set up

0:11:580:12:02

an idealistic farming community at Phoenix, near Durban?

0:12:020:12:06

-Was it Gandhi?

-Gandhi?

0:12:110:12:13

-Gandhi.

-It was Gandhi, yes.

0:12:130:12:15

An admirer of Ruskin, which French novelist published translations

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of The Bible Of Amiens and Sesame And Lilies

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between 1904 and 1906?

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French author, early 20th-century.

0:12:260:12:29

-Proust, don't know.

-Proust.

0:12:290:12:32

-Proust.

-Proust is correct.

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10 points for this.

0:12:340:12:35

Answer as soon as your name is called.

0:12:350:12:37

What number results from subtracting the number of moons

0:12:370:12:41

in the inner solar system

0:12:410:12:43

from the number of planets in the inner solar system?

0:12:430:12:46

-One.

-Correct.

0:12:480:12:49

Three from four,

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and you get a set of bonuses on the fauna of New Zealand.

0:12:540:12:57

Which order of mammals comprises

0:12:570:12:59

the only non-marine mammals native to New Zealand?

0:12:590:13:01

You can give the scientific or the common English name.

0:13:010:13:05

The non-marine mammals...

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-Mammals?

-Try monotremes.

0:13:110:13:14

Monotremes.

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No, it's bats.

0:13:160:13:17

Secondly, resembling a large lizard, which is the only surviving reptile

0:13:170:13:22

of the Rhynchocephalia, or "beak head" order?

0:13:220:13:25

Once widespread on several islands of New Zealand,

0:13:250:13:27

it's noted for its low metabolic rate and tolerance of cold.

0:13:270:13:31

-Some kind of chameleon, iguana?

-Yeah, don't know.

0:13:340:13:38

Any idea? Iguana.

0:13:380:13:40

No, it's tuatara.

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And finally, once native to New Zealand but now extinct,

0:13:420:13:45

large flightless birds of the order Dinornithiformes,

0:13:450:13:50

are known by what collective name?

0:13:500:13:52

-Kiwis.

-Kiwis.

0:13:530:13:54

No, they're moas. 10 points for this.

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Now meaning out of control with anger or excitement,

0:13:570:14:00

what term is thought to derive from the Old Norse for...?

0:14:000:14:03

-Berserk.

-Berserk is right.

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These bonuses are on Roman history, Ulster.

0:14:100:14:12

Against which city state did Rome fight the three Punic Wars

0:14:120:14:16

in the Third and Second Centuries BC?

0:14:160:14:18

-I think it was Carthage.

-Carthage.

0:14:210:14:23

Correct.

0:14:230:14:24

During the second Punic War in 217 BC, Hannibal's Carthaginian Army

0:14:240:14:28

won a significant ambush victory over the Romans in a battle

0:14:280:14:32

fought on the shores of which lake in Umbria, not far from Perugia?

0:14:320:14:36

-A lake in Perugia...

-Como?

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-That's a bit further north.

-Maggiore?

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No, I didn't think it's right.

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-But don't know any others.

-No?

-Go for it.

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Maggiore.

0:14:490:14:50

No, it's Lake Trasimene.

0:14:500:14:51

And finally, which Roman general led the army

0:14:510:14:53

that won the decisive battle of the Second Punic War

0:14:530:14:57

at Zama in North Africa in 202 BC?

0:14:570:15:00

-202 BC...

-Might be Marcus Crassus?

0:15:020:15:07

-I don't really know.

-So, generals?

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It's too early for Pompey.

0:15:100:15:13

-Go ahead.

-Marcus Crassus.

0:15:130:15:15

No, it's Scipio.

0:15:150:15:16

Plenty of time yet to get going, St Anne's.

0:15:160:15:18

We're going to take a music round now.

0:15:180:15:20

For your music starter, you're going to hear a piece of popular music.

0:15:200:15:23

For 10 points, please give me the name of the composer.

0:15:230:15:26

BOSSA NOVA PLAYS

0:15:270:15:31

-Quincy Jones.

-Quincy Jones is correct, yes.

0:15:330:15:35

It was Quincy Jones's Soul Bossa Nova,

0:15:380:15:40

later used by Mike Myers as the opening theme music

0:15:400:15:43

for the Austin Powers trilogy.

0:15:430:15:45

Your music bonuses are three more pre-existing compositions

0:15:450:15:48

later used as the opening title music for a film.

0:15:480:15:52

Firstly for five, name this artist and the 1996 film

0:15:520:15:55

in which this track appeared in the opening sequence.

0:15:550:15:58

ROCK MUSIC PLAYS

0:16:000:16:01

Trainspotting, Iggy Pop.

0:16:010:16:03

-# Here comes Johnny... #

-Trainspotting, Iggy Pop.

0:16:030:16:07

Correct.

0:16:070:16:08

Secondly, name this artist and the film released in 2003.

0:16:080:16:11

# I was five and he was six

0:16:130:16:15

# We rode on horses made of sticks...

0:16:150:16:17

I don't know the film. But it's Nancy Sinatra.

0:16:170:16:19

# He wore a black and I wore white

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-Atonement? I don't know.

-# He would always win the fight

0:16:220:16:25

-Don't know the film

-# Bang, bang... #

0:16:250:16:26

Nancy Sinatra and Atonement?

0:16:260:16:30

No, it was Nancy Sinatra, it's Kill Bill, Volume 1.

0:16:300:16:33

And finally, give me the original composer of this work

0:16:330:16:36

and the film released in the UK in 1972,

0:16:360:16:40

in which an adapted version of this music appeared?

0:16:400:16:43

FUNERAL MARCH PLAYS

0:16:440:16:48

Some kind of historical drama...

0:16:520:16:55

-No idea.

-Gladiator?

-Any idea?

0:17:000:17:05

Pass.

0:17:080:17:09

That's Henry Purcell, and A Clockwork Orange.

0:17:090:17:12

So, 10 points at stake for this, fingers on the buzzers, please.

0:17:120:17:14

Lake Manzala, Lake Timsah, the Great Bitter Lake

0:17:140:17:17

and the Little Bitter Lake form part of which waterway

0:17:170:17:21

constructed between 1859 and 1869?

0:17:210:17:24

It's a nationalisation in 1956...

0:17:240:17:26

-The Suez Canal.

-Correct.

0:17:280:17:30

Three questions for you, Ulster, now, linked by a present participle.

0:17:330:17:37

An accusation of witchcraft made against a character

0:17:370:17:40

named Jennet Jourdemayne is the focus of the plot

0:17:400:17:43

of which play by Christopher Fry set in the 15th century?

0:17:430:17:46

-Any Christopher Fry plays?

-No, don't know.

-Sorry, pass.

0:17:520:17:56

It's The Lady's Not For Burning.

0:17:560:17:57

Secondly, referring to the sound of the French captain

0:17:570:18:00

Louis de Casabianca, which seven-word phrase

0:18:000:18:03

forms the first line of a poem by Felicia Hemans,

0:18:030:18:06

inspired by an incident

0:18:060:18:07

that occurred in the Battle of the Nile in 1798?

0:18:070:18:10

That's... Nelson lost an arm.

0:18:140:18:18

Go ahead.

0:18:210:18:23

"Nelson has lost his left arm."

0:18:230:18:25

No. LAUGHTER

0:18:250:18:27

"The boy stood on the burning deck." 10 points for that.

0:18:290:18:32

Who wrote the music to lyrics by Lena Guilbert Ford

0:18:320:18:35

for the 1914 song that includes the line "keep the home fires burning"?

0:18:350:18:40

-One of the famous ones, is it?

-No.

0:18:440:18:47

It's a popular beat combo, you would know!

0:18:470:18:51

1914.

0:18:510:18:52

Sorry, we've no idea!

0:18:520:18:53

That was Ivor Novello. 10 points for this.

0:18:530:18:56

In 1889, international prototypes of both the metre and the kilogram

0:18:560:19:00

were made of an alloy primarily consisting of what metallic element?

0:19:000:19:04

-Platinum.

-Correct.

0:19:060:19:08

Your bonuses are on the Nobel laureate Tawakkol Karman.

0:19:110:19:15

Tawakkol Karman received the Nobel Peace Prize in 2011

0:19:150:19:18

for her role in organising pro-democracy protests

0:19:180:19:22

-in which country?

-Liberia.

0:19:220:19:24

-Liberia.

-No, it's Yemen.

0:19:240:19:26

Karman was the second Muslim woman to win the Nobel Peace prize.

0:19:260:19:30

Who was the first in 2003?

0:19:300:19:32

Aung San Suu Kyi.

0:19:340:19:37

-Is she a Muslim?

-No.

0:19:370:19:38

Could be.

0:19:380:19:40

-Aung San Suu Kyi.

-It was Shirin Ebadi.

0:19:420:19:45

Karman shared the prize with Leymah Gbowee,

0:19:450:19:48

and Ellen Johnson Sirleaf,

0:19:480:19:50

both of whom have promoted peace in which country?

0:19:500:19:53

It's Liberia.

0:19:530:19:54

-Liberia.

-Liberia.

0:19:540:19:56

Liberia is correct,

0:19:560:19:57

10 points for this. According to Hinduism,

0:19:570:19:59

the twins Luv and Kush were the sons of which king,

0:19:590:20:03

whose homecoming after defeating the Demon King Ravan...?

0:20:030:20:06

-Rama.

-Correct.

0:20:070:20:08

You get a set of bonuses on the provinces of the Netherlands,

0:20:120:20:15

all three answers end in the same four letters.

0:20:150:20:18

How convenient to have a Dutch person on the team! LAUGHTER

0:20:180:20:21

Which province lies around the deltas

0:20:210:20:23

of the Scheldt and Maas rivers?

0:20:230:20:25

Its major towns include Middelburg and Vlissingen.

0:20:250:20:27

-Zeeland.

-Zeeland is correct.

0:20:270:20:30

Lelystad is the capital of...?

0:20:300:20:32

-Flevoland.

-LAUGHTER

0:20:320:20:34

Correct.

0:20:340:20:35

Finally, which province lies to the west of Flevoland?

0:20:350:20:38

Its main city is Amsterdam.

0:20:380:20:40

-Nordholland.

-Correct.

0:20:400:20:41

Right, 10 points for this.

0:20:450:20:46

Name any of the three years in which William Jennings Bryan

0:20:460:20:49

stood as the Democratic Party candidate

0:20:490:20:52

for President of the United States?

0:20:520:20:53

He lost twice, to William McKinley and once to William Howard Taft.

0:20:530:20:57

1900.

0:21:000:21:01

1900 was one of them, yes. 1896 and 1908 were the others.

0:21:010:21:04

So, you get a set of bonuses this time, Ulster, on a US philosopher.

0:21:050:21:09

Having a reputation as an anti-philosopher's philosopher,

0:21:090:21:12

who wrote the 1979 work Philosophy And The Mirror Of Nature?

0:21:120:21:16

-Rosvold?

-INDISTINCT SPEECH

0:21:170:21:20

-I've no idea.

-Theroux.

0:21:250:21:27

-Theroux.

-No, it was Richard Rorty.

0:21:270:21:29

Rorty is said to have sought a pragmatist synthesis

0:21:290:21:33

of historicism and naturalism,

0:21:330:21:35

based on the achievements of Dewey, Darwin

0:21:350:21:37

and which German philosopher born in 1770?

0:21:370:21:41

-Hegel.

-Hegel is correct.

0:21:410:21:43

Rorty is noted for his studies of French philosophers

0:21:430:21:47

such as Foucault, Lyotard and which other poststructuralist,

0:21:470:21:50

born in Algiers in 1930?

0:21:500:21:53

-Camus? Camus!

-Oh, yeah.

0:21:540:21:57

-Camus, I'll go Camus.

-Camus.

0:21:570:22:00

No, it's Derrida.

0:22:000:22:01

We're going to take a second picture round now.

0:22:010:22:03

For your picture starter, you'll see a photograph of a scientist.

0:22:030:22:06

10 points if you can name him.

0:22:060:22:08

Higgs.

0:22:150:22:16

No, anyone like to buzz from St Anne's?

0:22:160:22:18

Keeling.

0:22:210:22:22

No, that is Sir Tim Berners-Lee.

0:22:220:22:24

10 points at stake then for this starter question,

0:22:240:22:26

picture bonuses when someone gets it.

0:22:260:22:28

What eponymous SI-derived unit is equivalent to one joule

0:22:280:22:32

per cubic metre, or about 10 to the minus-5 bar?

0:22:320:22:36

Kelvin.

0:22:380:22:40

-Anyone like to buzz?

-Pascal.

0:22:400:22:42

Pascal is correct.

0:22:420:22:43

So, you recall a moment ago you saw a picture

0:22:460:22:48

which you failed to identify of Tim Berners-Lee.

0:22:480:22:50

He became one of the first recipients of the modern incarnation

0:22:500:22:53

of the Bodley Medal,

0:22:530:22:55

given by the Bodleian Library to people who've made outstanding

0:22:550:22:58

contributions to the world of communications and literature.

0:22:580:23:01

Your picture bonuses are three more people thus honoured.

0:23:010:23:04

Five points for each you can name. Firstly...

0:23:040:23:06

Hilary Mantel.

0:23:080:23:09

Correct. Secondly...

0:23:090:23:10

-Steve Wozniak.

-Steve Wozniak?

0:23:180:23:21

No, that's Oliver Sacks. And finally...

0:23:210:23:23

-Dame Maggie Smith.

-Correct.

0:23:260:23:28

10 points for this. In zoology,

0:23:290:23:31

the order Siphonaptera

0:23:310:23:33

comprises which wingless parasitic insect?

0:23:330:23:36

Their name appears as a conceit

0:23:360:23:37

in an erotic metaphysical poem by John Donne.

0:23:370:23:40

Mayfly.

0:23:450:23:46

No, Ulster, one of you buzz.

0:23:460:23:49

-Flea.

-The flea is correct, yes.

0:23:490:23:52

You get a set of bonuses on physics.

0:23:540:23:56

Also known as a light quantum, which elementary particle

0:23:560:24:00

may be described as a minute energy packet of electromagnetic radiation?

0:24:000:24:05

-Photon...

-Photon.

0:24:070:24:08

Correct.

0:24:080:24:09

Which German-born scientist's explanation

0:24:090:24:12

of the photoelectric effect in 1905

0:24:120:24:14

is generally cited as being the origin of the photon concept?

0:24:140:24:17

Germans! Come on.

0:24:190:24:21

-No idea.

-No. I should, but I don't.

0:24:220:24:27

-Haynes.

-No, it was Einstein.

0:24:270:24:29

And finally, what fundamental constant may be expressed

0:24:290:24:32

as the ratio of the energy of a photon to its frequency?

0:24:320:24:36

It is named after a German physicist born in 1858.

0:24:360:24:39

Germans, 1850s...

0:24:430:24:45

Come on, let's have it, please.

0:24:460:24:48

I'm sorry, we don't know.

0:24:480:24:50

It's the Planck constant.

0:24:500:24:51

There's about two one half minutes to go and 10 points for this.

0:24:510:24:54

"Enter a messenger with two heads and a hand"

0:24:540:24:57

is a stage direction in which of Shakespeare's tragedies?

0:24:570:25:00

It gives its name to a New Jersey band whose 2008 debut album

0:25:000:25:05

was The Airing Of Grievances.

0:25:050:25:07

Troilus and Cressida.

0:25:100:25:11

Good heavens, no!

0:25:120:25:13

Coriolanus.

0:25:160:25:17

No, it's Titus Andronicus. 10 points for this.

0:25:170:25:20

In statistics, what four-letter term refers to

0:25:200:25:23

a distribution that is asymmetrical about the mean?

0:25:230:25:26

-Skew.

-Skew is correct, yes.

0:25:280:25:30

These bonuses are on Hong Kong cinema.

0:25:330:25:36

Firstly for five points,

0:25:360:25:37

which Hong Kong director has explored the theme of doomed romance

0:25:370:25:41

in films such as Chungking Express and In The Mood For Love?

0:25:410:25:44

-Pass.

-It's Wong Kar-wai.

0:25:480:25:51

Secondly, the first three films in the Once Upon A Time In China series

0:25:510:25:55

starred which a martial artist as the folk hero Wong Fei Hung?

0:25:550:25:58

-Jackie Chan.

-Jackie Chan.

0:26:000:26:02

No, it was Jet Li.

0:26:020:26:03

And finally, which Hong Kong film-maker directed the action films

0:26:030:26:06

The Killer and Hard Boiled before going to Hollywood,

0:26:060:26:09

where he made Face/Off?

0:26:090:26:10

Pass.

0:26:130:26:15

That's John Woo. 10 points for this.

0:26:150:26:17

Beldi, Manzanilla, Nicoise and Kalamata

0:26:170:26:19

are among varieties of which fruit?

0:26:190:26:22

Olive.

0:26:220:26:24

Olive is correct, here are your bonuses.

0:26:240:26:26

They're on a disease.

0:26:260:26:27

Named after the doctor who developed it,

0:26:270:26:29

the Mantoux test is used to indicate the presence of which disease?

0:26:290:26:33

-Come on.

-Gangrene.

-Gangrene.

0:26:360:26:38

No, its tuberculosis.

0:26:380:26:40

So-called because of the resemblance of cultures grown

0:26:400:26:43

in controlled conditions to many types of fungi,

0:26:430:26:46

the tuberculosis species belongs to which genus of bacteria?

0:26:460:26:50

Erm, fungiform.

0:26:510:26:53

No, they're mycobacteria.

0:26:530:26:54

The BCG Bacillus used as a vaccine against tuberculosis

0:26:540:26:59

is named after two French bacteriologists.

0:26:590:27:01

-Can you name either?

-Pasteur.

-BCG...

0:27:010:27:05

-Nominate Chandramohan.

-Pasteur.

0:27:060:27:08

No, it's Calmette and Guerin.

0:27:080:27:09

10 points for this.

0:27:090:27:11

After 1815, which city state

0:27:110:27:13

was the only part of Poland to have political independence?

0:27:130:27:17

In 1846...

0:27:170:27:18

Danzig.

0:27:190:27:21

No, you lose five points.

0:27:210:27:22

Anyone like to buzz from Ulster?

0:27:220:27:24

I'll give you the rest, in 1846, it was occupied by Austria

0:27:240:27:27

and attached to Galicia.

0:27:270:27:28

-Krakow?

-Krakow is correct, yes.

0:27:310:27:34

GONG

0:27:340:27:35

And at the gong, St Anne's College, Oxford have 90,

0:27:350:27:38

the University of Ulster have 175.

0:27:380:27:41

Well, you started coming back a bit towards the end there,

0:27:420:27:45

St Anne's, but you were really comprehensively outplayed.

0:27:450:27:48

But thank you very much for joining us.

0:27:480:27:50

And Ulster, we shall look forward to seeing you

0:27:500:27:52

in the next stage of the competition.

0:27:520:27:54

Many congratulations to you. I hope you can join us next time

0:27:540:27:57

for the second highest-scoring losers match, but until then,

0:27:570:28:00

it's goodbye from St Anne's College, Oxford.

0:28:000:28:02

-Goodbye.

-It's goodbye from Ulster University.

-Goodbye.

0:28:020:28:05

And it's goodbye from me, goodbye.

0:28:050:28:07

It is the first of the two highest-scoring loser matches and two teams get a second chance to make it to the second round.

Jeremy Paxman asks the questions.