Episode 16 University Challenge


Episode 16

It is the last of the two highest-scoring loser matches tonight when two teams get another chance to make it to the second round. Jeremy Paxman asks the questions.


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Transcript


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APPLAUSE

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University Challenge.

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Asking the questions, Jeremy Paxman.

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Hello. Down but by no means out, yet anyway,

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two more teams who lost their first-round matches,

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but did so with scores equalling or exceeding

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winning scores in other fixtures,

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compete tonight for the last of the 16 places in the second round.

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Now, the team from University College London

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suffered only a very narrow defeat

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at the hands of Trinity College, Oxford,

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with 145-160 at the gong.

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Strengths on that first outing included Henry I,

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Alexander von Humboldt,

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the Hughes Medal, and famous paintings at Holkham Hall.

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With an average age of 22, let's meet the UCL team again.

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Hi, I'm Tom. I'm from Whitchurch in Hampshire, and I'm studying history.

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Hi, I'm Charlie.

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I'm from Chelmsford and I'm studying for an MSc in neuroscience.

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And this is their captain.

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Hi, I'm Robert Gray, I'm from Kingston upon Thames,

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and I'm doing a PhD in cell biology.

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Hello, my name is Omar, I'm originally from Kabul,

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and I study mathematics.

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APPLAUSE

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Now, it was also a close shave for St Hughes College, Oxford, in

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their first-round match, and they, too, lost by a 15 point margin.

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In their case to Emmanuel College, Cambridge.

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Going to minus five on the first question perhaps wasn't helpful,

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but they quickly redeemed themselves on quantum mechanics,

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Allen Ginsberg,

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and paintings of Westminster Bridge to have 155 points at the gong.

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With an average age of 21, let's meet the St Hughes team again.

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Hi, I'm Kazi Elias, I'm from Cambridge and I'm reading history.

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Hi, I'm Euan Grainger, I'm from Shrewsbury in Shropshire,

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and I'm studying biological sciences.

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And here's their captain.

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Hello, I'm Daniel De Wijze, I'm from Manchester,

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and I'm studying earth sciences.

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Hi, I'm Ed Mehigan, I'm originally from Washington DC,

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and I'm studying for a Masters degree in art history.

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APPLAUSE

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Shall we just get on with it?

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Fingers on the buzzers, here's your first starter for ten.

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Quote, "A woman, especially if she had the misfortune of knowing

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"anything, should conceal it as well as she can".

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Who wrote those words in a novel published posthumously in 1818?

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UCL, Allinson.

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-Jane Austen.

-Correct.

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That was in Northanger Abbey. You get a set of bonuses on birds, UCL.

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"Spink" and "shelled apple" are dialect names for which bird?

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Carl Linnaeus gave it the binomial Fringilla coelebs

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after the Latin for "bachelor", when he observed that the female

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migrates further south in winter than the male?

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Fringilla...

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Maybe a tern?

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No, tern is Sternida, its Latin name. Something else. Not sparrow.

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Swallow? It's not swallow.

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Just say a bird, I don't know.

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Swallow?

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It's the chaffinch.

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Which bird does Bottom refer to as the "ousel cock"

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in A Midsummer Night's Dream?

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It's also known poetically as the merle.

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-Ousel cock could be like a peacock?

-Yes, peacock.

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A Midsummer Night's Dream, there's a cockatoo?

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-It could be a cuckoo.

-Cuckoo?

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Cuckoo?

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Cuckoo.

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No, it's the blackbird.

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Found in the west of mainland Britain,

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the ring ouzel is a member of the family given what common name,

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for which the Latin is Turdus?

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-Oh, that's blackbirds and thrushes.

-Thrushes?

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-Yes.

-Thrushes.

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Thrush is correct, yes.

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10 points for this.

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In linguistics, what six letter term describes words such as kith,

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wend, shrift and petard,

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that occur only in set phrases or idioms,

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and are otherwise obsolete?

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In palaeontology, the same term denotes a relic of an organism

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-buried and then permanently preserved, often in...

-UCL, Greg.

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Fossil.

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Fossil is correct.

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These bonuses are on crime and punishment

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in the Old Testament, UCL.

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In which book of the Old Testament is it commanded,

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"Do not plant your field with two kinds of seed",

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and "Do not wear clothing woven of two kinds of material"?

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It is the only book in the Bible named after a tribe of Israel.

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Yes, Levi.

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Leviticus.

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Correct.

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In the second book of Kings, the prophet Elisha is mocked

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for his baldness by children from the town of Bethel.

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As a punishment for this,

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42 of the town's children were torn to pieces by what animals?

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-Bears.

-Bears?

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Correct.

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In the book of Genesis, Canaan is rendered

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"a servant of servants unto his brethren"

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as punishment for the disrespectful actions of Ham,

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towards which Biblical figure, who was also his father?

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Wasn't Noah the father of Ham?

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-Yes, I think so.

-Yes, I'm happy with that.

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Noah?

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Correct. 10 points for this.

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Following the Armistice in November, 1918, troops of France

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and which other country occupied the Rhineland town of Neustadt?

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St Hughes, Elias.

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Belgium.

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No, you lose five points.

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The king of the country in question, Rama VI, had declared war in 1917

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in an attempt to escape unequal treaties imposed by Western powers.

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UCL, Raii.

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Italy.

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No, it's Siam, or Thailand.

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10 points for this starter question.

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What six-letter word links the star also known as Alpha Geminorum,

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the plant from which ricin is obtained, the genus of rodents...

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-UCL, Dowell.

-Castor.

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Castor is correct.

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Your bonuses this time are on physics, UCL.

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Born in 1824, which German physicist

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coined the term black body radiation?

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He gives his name to various laws applying to spectroscopy,

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radiation, thermo-chemistry, and electric circuits.

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Black body radiation...

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Helmholtz, could be?

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-Yes...

-Waves...

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Yeah, I can't think of another one.

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Helmholtz?

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No, it's Gustav Kirchhoff.

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According to one of Kirchhoff's laws of spectroscopy,

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if light with a continuous spectrum passes through

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a cool low-density gas, what type of spectrum is produced?

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-Discrete spectrum?

-I don't know.

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Discrete?

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No, it's absorption.

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Finally, Kirchhoff's current law of electric circuits says that the

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sum of all currents in a set of wires that meet at a point

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should add up to what?

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It's the set of currents that leave...

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Or, no... It's just zero, isn't it? Zero.

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Zero is correct.

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We're going to take a picture round now.

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For your starter, you'll see a map of part of England and Wales.

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10 points if you can identify the Metropolitan administrative

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unit highlighted in green, named after its largest settlement.

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UCL, Raii.

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Bradford.

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Bradford is correct, yes.

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Your bonuses are three more of England's Metropolitan boroughs,

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highlighted in green.

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For five points, I simply need you to identify them. Firstly...

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-Isn't that Lancashire?

-Sheffield?

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No... East Lancashire.

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-So it's East...

-Hebden Bridge?

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What's in East Manchester?

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-Let's have it please.

-Hebden Bridge?

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No, that's the Metropolitan Borough of Oldham.

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Secondly...

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-That's Coventry. I think it's Coventry.

-OK.

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You're from the region, you should know.

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Coventry?

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No, it's Solihull.

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And, finally.

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-That's Wirral.

-Are you sure it's not Liverpool?

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-It's the Wirral, I'm pretty sure it's the Wirral.

-Are you sure?

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-Wirral peninsular.

-OK.

-Go for it.

-The Wirral.

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Correct. 10 points for this.

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The code number nine and the descriptor "phenomenal",

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corresponding to a height of over 14 metres,

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is the largest value of a scale measuring what natural phenomenon?

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UCL, Gray.

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Waves?

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Wave height at sea is correct, yes.

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You're getting a set of bonuses this time on the biographer

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Claire Tomalin.

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Firstly, who was the subject of Claire Tomalin's first biography,

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published in 1974?

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The author of Thoughts On The Education Of Daughters,

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she died in 1797, soon after the birth of her daughter Mary.

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-Mary Wollstonecraft. Yes, Mary Wollstonecraft.

-How do you say it?

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-Mary Wollstonecraft.

-Mary Wollstonecraft.

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Correct.

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Mrs Jordan's Profession concerns the actress Dora Jordan,

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a paramour of which future king?

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Together they had ten illegitimate children,

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all of whom took the surname FitzClarence.

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-I'm pretty sure it's William IV.

-Are you sure?

-Yes.

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William IV.

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Correct.

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In The Invisible Woman, Claire Tomalin tells the story

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of Nelly Ternan's relationship with which 19th-century novelist,

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of whom Tomalin published a biography in 2011?

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Isn't that Charles Dickens? Yes, that's quite likely.

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-Yes, yes, it is Dickens.

-Dickens.

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Correct.

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So, we will take another starter question now.

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"Economic control is not merely control of the sector

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"of human life which can be separated from the rest,

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"it is the control of the means for all our ends."

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Which Nobel laureate made that argument against socialism

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in his book the Road To Serfdom?

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St Hughes, Mehigan?

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Hayek.

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Friedrich Hayek is correct.

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Right, St Hughes, your bonuses are on memory.

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In 1885, Hermann Ebbinghaus described what process as a curve?

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The US psychologist Daniel Schachter later deemed it to be an

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essential function of human memory, allowing it to work efficiently.

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-Learning curve?

-Yes.

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Learning curve?

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No, it's forgetting.

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Schachter described the ways in which memory formation

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and retrieval can malfunction,

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including misattribution and bias.

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How many sins of memory did he detail in total?

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INDISTINCT MUTTERING

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-Seven sins.

-Seven?

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It is seven, correct.

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Which US psychologist discussed the unreliability of recovered memory

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in The Formation Of False Memories,

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her 1995 paper co-authored with Jacqueline Pickrell?

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Pinker? It could be Pinker.

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Pinker?

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No, it was Elizabeth Loftus. 10 points for this.

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Pathfinders, The Golden Age Of Arabic Science,

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and Paradox, The Nine Greatest Enigmas In Physics,

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are works by which scientist and broadcaster...

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UCL, Gray.

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Jim Al-Khalili.

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Correct.

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Right, your bonuses are on calques, or loan translations.

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That is, words and expressions that originated in another language

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and were translated into English.

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Firstly, "loanword", "thought experiment", and "world view"

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are terms that were originally translations from which language?

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German.

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Correct. "Brainwashed", "paper tiger", and "running dog"

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are all translations of terms in which language?

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I think it's Chinese because Mao called the country a paper tiger.

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It sounds right. It sounds Chinese. Chinese.

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Chinese is correct.

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What language is the origin of loan translations,

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including "free verse", "staircase wit",

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and the name of the flower forget-me-not?

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French because... It's French.

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OK. French.

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Correct. 10 points for this.

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Originally used to refer to the practice of drawing

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a person into marriage with someone regarded as socially inferior,

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which verb is now more generally used to mean to undervalue,

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or to lower in esteem?

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St Hughes, Mehigan.

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Sandbag.

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No.

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UCL, Dowell.

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Discount?

0:12:270:12:28

No, it's disparage.

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10 points for this.

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In biochemistry,

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which amino acid has a side chain with a structure CH2SH?

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It's one of the building blocks of keratin.

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UCL, Gray.

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Cystine?

0:12:410:12:43

Correct.

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These bonuses are on transuranium elements.

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Discovered in 1974,

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element number 106 was named after which US Nobel laureate?

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He and his co-workers discovered eight transuranium elements

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between 1941 and 55.

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Seaborg.

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-Are sure it's Seaborg?

-Seaborg.

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Correct.

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Atomic number 96, which element was discovered by Seaborg and his team

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in 1944, and named after two other chemists

0:13:100:13:13

who'd done ground-breaking work in radioactivity?

0:13:130:13:17

-Curium.

-Correct.

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And finally, for five points, produced in 1955

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by the bombardment of Einsteinium with helium,

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which actinoid was named after the Russian

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who developed the periodic table?

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Mendelevium.

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Correct.

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Right, we're going to do a music round.

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For your music starter, you'll hear a piece of popular music.

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10 points if you can identify the band.

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# Continental drift divide...#

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UCL, Raii.

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REM.

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Indeed it was REM, yes.

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Now, according to Spotify, that song,

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It's The End Of The World As We Know It,

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experienced a significant increase in the number of listeners

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the day after the 2016 US presidential election.

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Your bonuses are three more songs that had a similar upsurge

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in their number of Spotify listeners on November 9th, 2016.

0:14:030:14:07

Firstly, name either of the people listed as artists for this song.

0:14:070:14:11

# All around me are familiar faces... #

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-Tears For Fears.

-Tears For Fears, yes.

0:14:150:14:18

There's two different... Mad World.

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Yes, Tears For Fears is one of them.

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Who was the other guy? I don't know the other guy.

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Didn't he say either of them?

0:14:250:14:27

This recording.

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Tears For Fears.

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We don't know the guy, so we might as well say Tears For Fears.

0:14:300:14:33

Yes, fine. Tears For Fears.

0:14:330:14:36

It's Gary Jules and Michael Andrews, the two artists.

0:14:360:14:40

That's Mad World.

0:14:400:14:41

Secondly, name the artist on this song.

0:14:410:14:45

# How much a dollar really cost?

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# The question is detrimental

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# Paralysing my thoughts

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# Parasites in my stomach keep me with a gut feeling...#

0:14:490:14:52

Kendrick Lamar.

0:14:520:14:53

Correct. And finally.

0:14:530:14:54

# Don't worry

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# About a thing...#

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Bob Marley.

0:14:590:15:01

Bob Marley and the Wailers is correct.

0:15:010:15:03

Right, 10 points for this. I need the precise three-word name here.

0:15:030:15:07

Players assume the role of a powerful wizard

0:15:070:15:10

-known as a Planeswalker in which...

-St Hughes, Mehigan.

0:15:100:15:14

Magic: The Gathering.

0:15:140:15:15

Magic: The Gathering is correct, yes.

0:15:150:15:17

So, your bonuses are on fiction, St Hughes.

0:15:190:15:23

"Ripe from experience and experience only",

0:15:230:15:26

and, "Try to be one of the people on whom nothing is lost".

0:15:260:15:30

These are the words of which novelist in his 1884 essay,

0:15:300:15:34

The Art Of Fiction?

0:15:340:15:35

INDISTINCT SPEECH

0:15:370:15:39

-No. No. No idea?

-No.

0:15:390:15:41

-Pass.

-It's Henry James.

0:15:440:15:46

The Theory Of The Novel is a 1916 work by which Hungarian-born

0:15:460:15:51

literary critic and Marxist philosopher?

0:15:510:15:53

His other books include Soul And Form,

0:15:530:15:56

and History And Class Consciousness.

0:15:560:15:58

-Lukacs?

-I'll nominate you.

-Yes.

0:15:580:16:00

-Nominate Elias.

-Lukacs.

0:16:000:16:02

Lukacs is correct.

0:16:020:16:03

Based on a series of lectures he gave at Cambridge University,

0:16:030:16:06

Aspects Of The Novel is a 1927 work by which novelist?

0:16:060:16:11

Cambridge, 1927.

0:16:130:16:15

-Cambridge...

-I don't know.

0:16:160:16:18

Yeah, we don't know. Sorry.

0:16:180:16:20

That was E M Forster. 10 points for this.

0:16:200:16:23

The string quartet From My Life, featuring in its final

0:16:230:16:26

movement a sustained, shrill note said to represent

0:16:260:16:29

the onset of deafness, is an autobiographical piece of...

0:16:290:16:33

-Smetana.

-Smetana is correct.

0:16:330:16:35

APPLAUSE

0:16:350:16:36

You get a set of bonuses on painting and photography, St Hugh's.

0:16:380:16:42

The work of the British fashion photographer Corinne Day

0:16:420:16:44

includes a series of images that appeared in the July 1990

0:16:440:16:48

issue of The Face magazine.

0:16:480:16:51

Whose career was launched by these photographs?

0:16:510:16:54

1990. Twiggy?

0:16:540:16:57

-Kate Moss or is that too early?

-Kate Moss?

0:16:570:17:00

-Kate Moss.

-Kate Moss is correct.

0:17:000:17:03

Which British pop artist created Kate,

0:17:030:17:06

a 2013 photo collage featuring numerous images of Kate Moss?

0:17:060:17:12

British. No idea.

0:17:120:17:15

-Hirst?

-Yeah?

-Damien Hirst.

0:17:150:17:17

-Damien Hirst.

-No, it was Peter Blake.

0:17:170:17:19

In 2005, which painter's portrait of Moss as a pregnant

0:17:190:17:23

and reclining nude sold for £3.9 million at auction?

0:17:230:17:30

I don't know. Leibovitz.

0:17:300:17:32

-Leibovitz.

-No, it was Lucian Freud. 10 points for this.

0:17:320:17:37

Born in 1853, which Dutch physicist gives his name to the force

0:17:370:17:41

exerted on a moving electric charge by magnetic...

0:17:410:17:45

Lorentz.

0:17:450:17:46

Lorentz is correct. You get a set of bonuses this time

0:17:460:17:49

on plastics and their recycling codes.

0:17:490:17:53

In each case, name the plastic from the description.

0:17:530:17:56

You can give me the full name or the abbreviation.

0:17:560:17:59

Firstly, recycling code 1, used in bottles for water and soft drinks.

0:17:590:18:03

Polyethylene, I think. Yeah, polyethylene.

0:18:030:18:06

Polyethylene.

0:18:060:18:07

Polyethylene terephthalate or polythene. I'll accept that.

0:18:070:18:10

Recycling code 3, used in window frames and water pipes secondly.

0:18:100:18:15

-Perspex.

-Yeah. Perspex, right? You sure?

0:18:150:18:17

-Water pipes?

-Well, it's used in windows.

0:18:170:18:21

Yeah, OK. Perspex?

0:18:210:18:23

No, it's PVC.

0:18:230:18:25

And finally, recycling code 6, used in rigid packaging,

0:18:250:18:29

costume jewellery and CD cases.

0:18:290:18:31

CD cases...

0:18:350:18:37

Costume jewellery...

0:18:380:18:40

Acrylic? Acrylate?

0:18:400:18:43

-Acrylate.

-Acrylate?

-Yeah, I think so.

-Acrylate.

0:18:430:18:46

No, it's PS or polystyrene. 10 points for this.

0:18:460:18:49

What is the first adjective in John Keats's Ode To Autumn?

0:18:490:18:53

It precedes the word fruitfulness.

0:18:530:18:56

-Mellow.

-Mellow is correct, yes. APPLAUSE

0:18:570:18:58

You get a set of bonuses on American musicals of the 2010s.

0:19:020:19:06

Firstly for five points,

0:19:060:19:07

which winner of the 2015 Tony award for Best Musical is

0:19:070:19:10

based on the graphic memoir

0:19:100:19:12

of the same name by the cartoonist Alison Bechdel?

0:19:120:19:15

-I can't get that, to be honest.

-Musical...

0:19:170:19:21

-Ideas?

-No ideas, yeah.

0:19:210:19:24

-We don't know.

-I'm afraid we don't know.

0:19:240:19:27

It's Fun Home.

0:19:270:19:28

Secondly, beset by production difficulties and injuries to

0:19:280:19:31

performers, and with music and lyrics by Bono and The Edge,

0:19:310:19:35

a musical based on which Marvel comic character

0:19:350:19:38

opened officially in 2011?

0:19:380:19:40

-Spider-Man.

-Correct.

0:19:400:19:41

Elder Price and Elder Cunningham are missionaries in Uganda

0:19:410:19:45

in which musical?

0:19:450:19:46

Its songs include I Believe and Joseph Smith, American Moses.

0:19:460:19:50

-Book Of Mormon. Book Of Mormon.

-The Book Of Mormon.

0:19:500:19:53

The Book Of Mormon is correct.

0:19:530:19:54

We're going to take another picture round.

0:19:540:19:56

For your picture starter you'll see a photograph of an actor.

0:19:560:19:59

10 points if you can identify him, please.

0:19:590:20:01

-John Hurt.

-John Hurt is correct, yes.

0:20:030:20:05

APPLAUSE

0:20:050:20:07

He died in January 2017.

0:20:080:20:10

For your picture bonuses I want you to identify three of Hurt's

0:20:100:20:14

notable film and television roles.

0:20:140:20:17

For the points I'll need both the name of the character

0:20:170:20:19

and the title of the film or television series in question.

0:20:190:20:22

Firstly for five.

0:20:220:20:23

It's 1984 and Winston Smith. Winston Smith, yeah. Winston Smith, 1984.

0:20:250:20:29

-Yeah.

-That's definitely it.

0:20:290:20:30

-Winston Smith in 1984.

-Correct. Secondly.

0:20:300:20:33

I, Claudius? Is that I, Claudius. Is it not Caligula?

0:20:360:20:38

-It's I, Claudius, yes.

-Who did he play?

0:20:380:20:40

-Which one is him?

-Derek Jacobi is Claudius, so it's not him.

0:20:400:20:43

-Caligula then?

-Caligula.

0:20:430:20:46

-He looks sickly. Say that.

-Yeah. Yeah, OK.

0:20:460:20:50

Caligula in I, Claudius.

0:20:500:20:52

Correct. Finally.

0:20:520:20:53

-Yes, Quentin Crisp, The Naked Civil Servant.

-Nice.

0:20:540:20:58

-Quentin Crisp in The Naked Civil Servant.

-Correct.

0:20:580:21:00

APPLAUSE

0:21:000:21:02

10 points for this.

0:21:040:21:05

Chicken noodle, cream of mushroom

0:21:050:21:07

and split pea appear together in the context of the work of which artist?

0:21:070:21:12

-Andy Warhol.

-Correct. APPLAUSE

0:21:140:21:15

You get a set of bonuses on biochemistry, UCL.

0:21:180:21:20

What name is commonly given to carboxylic acids that

0:21:200:21:24

consist of a carboxyl group attached to a hydrocarbon chain?

0:21:240:21:27

Examples include stearic acid and linoleic acid.

0:21:270:21:31

-Fatty acids.

-Correct.

0:21:320:21:34

What adjective is applied to fatty acids that contain at least one

0:21:340:21:37

carbon-carbon double bond?

0:21:370:21:39

Unsaturated. Yeah.

0:21:390:21:40

-Unsaturated.

-Correct.

0:21:400:21:42

What is the common name of the unsaturated fatty acid that is

0:21:420:21:45

the primary constituent of olive oil?

0:21:450:21:47

Oleic acid.

0:21:470:21:49

-Oleic acid.

-Correct. 10 points for this.

0:21:490:21:52

In measuring length,

0:21:530:21:55

how many pico meters are there in an angstrom?

0:21:550:21:58

-100.

-Correct.

0:22:020:22:03

Your bonuses this time, UCL, are on France.

0:22:060:22:09

In each case, give the predominant cardinal direction

0:22:090:22:11

in which one would travel in the shortest straight line

0:22:110:22:14

from the first city to the second.

0:22:140:22:18

For example, Calais to Paris is south.

0:22:180:22:20

Firstly, Dijon to Lyon.

0:22:200:22:23

South east? Where is Dijon?

0:22:230:22:27

It will be south west, I think. You sure?

0:22:270:22:29

Just north, south, east and west?

0:22:290:22:31

Lyon is very south.

0:22:310:22:33

-Lyon is south, but Dijon is point south even more.

-OK.

0:22:330:22:36

South east, surely?

0:22:360:22:39

-Is it a wine region, Dijon?

-Shall we just say south?

0:22:390:22:42

-South east. South.

-Come on, let's have it.

-South.

0:22:420:22:44

South is correct.

0:22:440:22:46

Secondly, Aix-en-Provence to Montpellier.

0:22:460:22:49

Montpelier is right at the... South.

0:22:490:22:51

Aix-en-Provence is also... That's, like, central south.

0:22:510:22:54

-It's west.

-West.

-West is correct.

0:22:540:22:57

Finally, Rouen to Dieppe.

0:22:570:22:59

Dieppe is near Belgium.

0:22:590:23:01

-Rouen is north, isn't it? Dieppe is like Brittany.

-OK, east.

0:23:010:23:04

No, it's north.

0:23:040:23:06

-Sorry.

-Right, there's five minutes to go and 10 points for this.

0:23:060:23:09

"Star and Key of the Indian Ocean" is a motto that

0:23:090:23:12

appears in Latin on the coat of arms of which island nation?

0:23:120:23:16

-The Maldives.

-No, you lose five points.

0:23:170:23:20

Along with a sambur deer and an extinct flightless bird.

0:23:200:23:24

-Mauritius.

-Mauritius is correct, yes.

0:23:270:23:30

So you get a set of bonuses, St Hugh's, on Scotland.

0:23:330:23:35

In each case, give the council area whose name

0:23:350:23:37

corresponds to the following.

0:23:370:23:39

Firstly, a title of Norse earls, including Sigurd the Stout

0:23:390:23:43

and Magnus the Martyr.

0:23:430:23:45

THEY WHISPER

0:23:450:23:47

-I don't know.

-Jarl.

-No, it's Orkney.

0:23:520:23:55

Secondly, the city that is part of the title of the 19th-century Prime

0:23:550:23:58

Minister George Hamilton-Gordon who involved Britain in the Crimean War.

0:23:580:24:03

Wasn't Cardigan involved in the Crimean War?

0:24:050:24:08

-Wasn't the Earl of Cardigan who was involved...?

-Yeah?

-Is that the city?

0:24:080:24:12

-Cardigan.

-No, it's Aberdeen.

0:24:120:24:15

And finally, in Shakespeare's Macbeth, Macduff was

0:24:150:24:18

Thane of which historic county, now a council area?

0:24:180:24:22

-Cawdor.

-No, it's Fife. 10 points for this.

0:24:230:24:26

In set expressions, what five-letter word may precede coat,

0:24:260:24:31

copy, house, passage...?

0:24:310:24:33

-Waist.

-No, you lose five points. ..passage, tongue and diamond?

0:24:340:24:39

-Blood.

-No, it's rough. 10 points for this.

0:24:430:24:47

In 1284, which Welsh castle was the birthplace of the future

0:24:470:24:51

King Edward the...?

0:24:510:24:52

-Caernarfon.

-Caernarfon is correct.

0:24:530:24:55

Your bonuses are on managers of the England national football team.

0:24:580:25:01

In each case, name the manager whose final match in charge is described.

0:25:010:25:06

Firstly, a 0-0 draw in a friendly against Portugal

0:25:060:25:09

in Lisbon in 1974.

0:25:090:25:11

'74... It'd be Alf Ramsey.

0:25:110:25:14

-Alf Ramsey.

-Correct.

0:25:140:25:16

Secondly, a 0-0 draw in a World Cup match

0:25:160:25:19

against Spain in Madrid in 1982.

0:25:190:25:21

Bobby Robson, no?

0:25:220:25:24

No, before him.

0:25:240:25:26

Winter something?

0:25:260:25:28

Winterbottom. Winterbottom. It could be Greenwood.

0:25:280:25:30

That was before Ramsey. I don't know.

0:25:300:25:33

-Shall we go Winterbottom?

-Is that a manager?

0:25:330:25:35

-I think he was.

-Winterbottom?

0:25:350:25:39

No, it's Ron Greenwood.

0:25:390:25:40

And finally, a 0-0 draw and defeat in a penalty shoot out

0:25:400:25:44

in a World Cup match against Portugal in Gelsenkirchen in 2006.

0:25:440:25:49

-Yeah. Sven-Goran Eriksson.

-Correct.

0:25:490:25:51

Two minutes to go, 10 points for this.

0:25:510:25:53

Which country's national cricket team became a Test-playing

0:25:530:25:55

nation in 2000 and beat England for the first time in October...?

0:25:550:26:00

-Bangladesh.

-Bangladesh is correct.

0:26:000:26:02

You get a set of bonuses on 12th century authors.

0:26:020:26:06

In each case, give the place name primarily associated with

0:26:060:26:10

each of the following. Firstly, The History Of The Kings Of Britain.

0:26:100:26:14

A somewhat fanciful chronicle by Geoffrey of which town in Wales?

0:26:140:26:18

Monmouth.

0:26:180:26:19

-Monmouth.

-Monmouth is right.

0:26:190:26:21

The History Of The English People is by Henry of which

0:26:210:26:25

town in eastern England?

0:26:250:26:26

Norwich? Canterbury...

0:26:280:26:31

East of England. Norwich is good.

0:26:310:26:35

-Norwich?

-No, it's Huntingdon.

0:26:350:26:38

And finally, The Deeds Of The English Kings is

0:26:380:26:41

by William of which abbey in Wiltshire?

0:26:410:26:44

-Ockham.

-No, no, no.

0:26:460:26:48

It could be, but is that...?

0:26:480:26:50

An abbey in Wiltshire...

0:26:500:26:54

-Come on.

-Ockham?

0:26:540:26:56

No, it's Malmesbury. 10 points for this.

0:26:560:26:59

In atmospheric science,

0:26:590:27:00

a Dobson spectrophotometer

0:27:000:27:02

measures the concentration of what inorganic...?

0:27:020:27:06

-Ozone.

-Ozone is correct.

0:27:060:27:08

You get a set of bonuses this time

0:27:080:27:10

on chemists born in the Russian Empire.

0:27:100:27:13

Working on coal gas derivatives in 1879, Constantine Fahlberg

0:27:130:27:17

was a co-discoverer of which artificial sweetener?

0:27:170:27:20

-I don't know.

-Come on.

-Aspartame?

0:27:230:27:27

No, it's saccharin.

0:27:270:27:28

Born in the Russian Empire in 1796,

0:27:280:27:31

Karl Karlovich Klaus discovered which

0:27:310:27:33

element, the last of the platinum group to be isolated and identified?

0:27:330:27:37

-Iridium.

-Iridium.

0:27:370:27:38

No, it's ruthenium.

0:27:380:27:40

And finally, noted for his research on aldehydes, who composed the

0:27:400:27:43

tone poem In The Steppes Of Central Asia and the opera Prince Igor?

0:27:430:27:49

-Borodin.

-OK. Yeah.

0:27:490:27:52

-Borodin.

-Borodin is correct... GONG

0:27:520:27:54

..and at the gong, St Hugh's College, Oxford have 45,

0:27:540:27:57

but University College London have 315.

0:27:570:28:00

APPLAUSE

0:28:000:28:01

Well, I'm afraid you took a bit of a whipping there, St Hugh's, didn't you?

0:28:040:28:07

But never mind you were up against very strong

0:28:070:28:09

opposition and thank you very much for joining us.

0:28:090:28:11

UCL, terrific, storming performance from you.

0:28:110:28:14

We shall see you again in the next stage of the competition.

0:28:140:28:17

I hope you can join us next time for the start of the second round

0:28:170:28:20

matches, but until then, it's goodbye from St Hugh's College, Oxford.

0:28:200:28:24

-ALL:

-Goodbye.

0:28:240:28:25

-It's goodbye from University College London. ALL:

-Goodbye.

0:28:250:28:28

And it's goodbye from me. Goodbye.

0:28:280:28:29

It is the last of the two highest-scoring loser matches tonight when two teams get another chance to make it to the second round.

Jeremy Paxman asks the questions.