Episode 17 University Challenge


Episode 17

It is the first of the second-round matches when two teams battle it out for a place in the quarter-finals. Jeremy Paxman asks the questions.


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Transcript


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Asking the questions, Jeremy Paxman.

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APPLAUSE

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Hello. 28 teams qualified to compete in this series, ten of them

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lasted no longer than mayflies.

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But another two who also lost their first-round matches

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survived by winning the losers' playoffs, and they join

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the 14 winning teams in the second round, which starts tonight.

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The winners of this match will take the first place

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in the quarterfinals.

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The losers will go home.

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Strathclyde University had a somewhat diffident start to

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their first-round match against Imperial College, London.

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But they managed to win by 145 points to 125,

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revealing on the way that they're good on prime numbers, the poetry of

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John Donne, and mitochondria, and that they were paying rapt

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attention during last year's European Football Championships.

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Let's meet the Strathclyde team again.

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Hello, my name's Ian Brown.

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I'm from Oban in Argyll, and I'm training to be an English teacher.

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Hi, I'm James Flannigan.

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I'm originally from Glasgow, and I'm studying chemical engineering.

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-And this is their captain.

-Hi, I'm Alistair Logan.

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I'm from Motherwell in Lanarkshire, and I study mechanical engineering.

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Hi, I'm Paul Dijkman. I'm from Port Glasgow, and I'm studying economics.

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APPLAUSE

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Emmanuel College, Cambridge beat St Hugh's College, Oxford

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by 170 points to 155 in their first-round match.

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Their strengths included classical music, rainbows,

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Pyramus and Thisbe, and the domestic life of Socrates.

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Let's meet them again.

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Hi, I'm Ed Derby, I'm from Manchester, and I study physics.

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Hello, I'm Kitty Chevallier.

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I'm from Hampshire, and I'm reading Arabic and Hindi.

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-And this is their captain.

-Hi, I'm Alex Mistlin.

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I'm from Islington in North London, and I'm studying politics

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and international relations.

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Hi, I'm James Fraser. I'm from Bristol, and I'm reading medicine.

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APPLAUSE

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Usual rules, 10 points for starter questions, they're solo efforts

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on the buzzer, and bonuses are worth 15, and they're team efforts.

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Right, 10 points at stake for this, fingers on the buzzers,

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your first starter.

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Meanings of what five-letter word include

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the singular of anatomical features that may be described as squamous,

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a graded classification system, for example Glasgow Coma or Richter...?

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-BUZZ

-Scale?

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Scale is correct, yes.

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APPLAUSE

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You get the first set of bonuses, then, Emmanuel.

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They're on agricultural machinery.

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Firstly for five points, its name derived from the Latin

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for knife, a coulter is a component of what large implement?

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-Combine harvester or something?

-Plough?

-Plough.

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It's got blades, I don't know.

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Plough?

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Plough is correct, yes.

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"Her fallow leas, the darnel, hemlock

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"and rank fumitory doth root upon,

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"while that the coulter rusts

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"that should deracinate such savagery."

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These words appear in which of Shakespeare's histories to

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describe France in the grip of war?

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-THEY CONFER

-Henry V?

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Correct.

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Referring to its blade-shaped bill, coulter-neb is a regional name

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for which distinctive sea bird,

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known binomially as Fratercula arctica?

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-Puffin? Or like an...

-Albatross, maybe?

-Like a razorbill?

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-Is that a thing?

-Arctic tern?

-It was a large thing, wasn't it?

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-Do you want to go Arctic tern?

-No, just...

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-If you want to go puffin...

-Puffin?

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Correct.

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APPLAUSE

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Right, 10 points for this.

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Mytiloida and Unionoida are respectively the marine

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and the freshwater families of which bivalve mollusc?

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The common... BELL RINGS

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Oyster?

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No, you lose five points.

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The common edible marine species is cultivated commercially by a

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variety of methods, including the French technique known as "bouchot".

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BUZZ

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Mussel?

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Mussel is correct, yes.

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APPLAUSE

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You get a set of bonuses on the philosopher Hannah Arendt.

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Arendt's work was greatly influenced by which 20th-century German

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philosopher's concept of phenomenology?

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His works include Being And Time, first published in 1927.

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Heidegger?

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Heidegger is correct.

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One of the main criticisms levelled against Arendt's work is her

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reliance on a rigid distinction between the private

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and the public spheres, or the oikos and the polis,

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a delineation first made by which ancient Greek philosopher?

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-Aristotle, yeah?

-If you say so.

-Aristotle?

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Correct. Arendt used the phrase "the banality of evil" to characterise

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the actions of which prominent Nazi, executed in Tel Aviv in 1962?

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-Eichmann?

-Is it...? Oh, yeah, probably.

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Eichmann?

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Adolf Eichmann is correct, yes.

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APPLAUSE

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Another starter question now.

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Which three initial letters link words meaning a lanthanide element

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named after a village in Sweden,

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an unsaturated hydrocarbon with the formula C10H16,

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and the metric prefix that denotes 10 to the power 12?

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BUZZ

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T-E-R?

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Correct.

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APPLAUSE

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Right, your bonuses are on astronomy this time, Emmanuel College.

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What two-word term refers specifically to the

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brightness of a celestial body, as it is seen by an observer on Earth?

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It is often denoted by a lower case letter M.

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-It's like apparent magnitude or something.

-Magnitude, could be.

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-It's two-word, try apparent magnitude.

-Apparent magnitude?

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That's correct.

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The absolute magnitude of a star is equal to the value of its apparent

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magnitude as viewed by an observer at a distance of how many parsecs?

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THEY CONFER QUIETLY

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-Could be, it could be. I don't know.

-One?

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No, it's ten.

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Magnitude is a logarithmic scale.

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A star whose apparent magnitude is one

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is how many times brighter than one whose apparent magnitude is six?

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THEY CONFER QUIETLY

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-Can I nominate you? Nominate Fraser.

-100,000?

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No, it's 100 times as bright.

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Another starter question. According to the historian AJP Taylor,

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until which year could a sensible law-abiding Englishman pass

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through life and hardly notice the existence of the state

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beyond the post office and the...? BUZZ

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1914?

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1914 is correct.

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APPLAUSE

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Your bonuses are on historical figures this time, Emmanuel College.

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In each case, give the person from the description.

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All three answers share the same first letter and the same

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final letter, for example, Cameron, Callaghan and Clinton.

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Firstly, one of the most radical voices of the French Revolution.

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He was murdered in his bath in an event later

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depicted in a work by Jacques-Louis David.

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-Marat.

-Maret.

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-Maret?

-Er...

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Marat.

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Yes, exactly.

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Secondly, a 20th-century minister of war who gave his name to

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a string of concrete fortifications

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and obstacles along France's eastern borders.

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-Maginot.

-Yes.

-Maginot?

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Correct. Finally, a painter born in 1832,

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noted for works including Olympia and Le Dejeuner Sur L'Herbe.

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-Manet.

-Manet?

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Manet is right.

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We're going to take a picture round.

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You're going to see a sequence of flags.

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What in a sporting context does the sequence represent?

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BUZZ

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Is it the Six Nations?

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Very odd Six Nations. No.

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Come on, Strathclyde, one of you buzz.

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You can't work it out?

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I'll tell you, then - they're the nationalities of Premier League

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winning managers, so we'll take the picture bonuses in a moment or two.

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Another starter question in the meantime.

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Which country opened the Centenario Stadium in its capital city

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in July 1930 to commemorate the 100th anniversary

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of the approval of its first constitution?

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It hosted the first final of the Fifa...

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BUZZ

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Uruguay?

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Uruguay is right, yes.

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APPLAUSE

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So, we follow that sequence of flags with more flag sequences,

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each representing the nationalities of recent winners of specific

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individual sporting competitions.

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Five points for each competition you can identify. Firstly...

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Formula 1?

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Like, Vettel, Hamilton, and then Rosberg?

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Formula 1 World Champion?

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The Drivers' Championship, yes.

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Secondly, what's this?

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Is that Northern Ireland?

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-It's golf.

-Golf, I think.

-The Open or the Masters, I reckon.

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No, no, it's not the Masters. The Open? Say the Open?

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Winner of the Open golfing?

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Indeed it is, it's the Open Golf Championship. And finally...

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-What's that...?

-Is it Wimbledon? Wimbledon?

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Yeah, Wimbledon.

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Wimbledon. Er, Men's Singles Champion.

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That's correct, yes.

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APPLAUSE

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Right, 10 points for this. Identify the poet who wrote these lines.

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The mountains look on Marathon - and Marathon looks on the sea

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And musing there an hour alone

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I dreamed that Greece might yet be free.

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-BELL RINGS

-Byron?

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Byron is right, yes.

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APPLAUSE

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You get a set of bonuses, Strathclyde, on a peninsula.

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Firstly, about 15 miles long, which peninsula is situated between

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two estuaries in the north-west of the historical county of Cheshire?

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THEY CONFER QUIETLY

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Er, the Wirral?

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The Wirral is right.

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Secondly, which eponymous figure of a 14th-century poem travels to

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"the wilds of the Wirral, whose wayward people

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"both God and good men have quite given up on"?

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These lines appear in Simon Armitage's

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translation from Middle English.

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I think it's either Piers Plowman or, er...

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Yeah, I think it's...

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Er, Piers Plowman?

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No, it's Sir Gawain, as in him and the Green Knight.

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And born on the Wirral, finally, in 1961,

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Steven Hough is a leading classical performer on which instrument?

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THEY CONFER QUIETLY

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The violin?

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No, he's a pianist.

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Ten points for this.

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In a paper of 1965, the German zoologists Friedrich Merkel

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and Wolfgang Wiltschko demonstrated that the European robin

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could be manipulated into changing its migratory orientation

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by being exposed under experimental conditions to what?

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BELL RINGS

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A magnetic field?

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That's correct.

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APPLAUSE

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Your bonuses this time, Strathclyde, are on physics.

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In a synchotron particle accelerator, such as the Lawrence

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Berkeley Laboratory's 1954 Bevatron,

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what geometrical figure approximates the path that particles follow?

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THEY CONFER QUIETLY

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A figure of eight?

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No, it's a circle.

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And what path do particles follow in a cyclotron accelerator,

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invented by the US physicist Ernest Lawrence?

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THEY CONFER QUIETLY

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Is that a figure of eight?

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No, that's a spiral.

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Finally, what geometrical figure do particles trace out in a linac?

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Probably the straight line.

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Linear.

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THEY CONFER QUIETLY

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-Geometric shapes.

-A line? A straight line?

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A straight line is correct, yes.

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APPLAUSE

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OK, ten points for this, I need a two-word answer.

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According to Carl Friedrich Gauss,

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mathematics is the queen of the sciences.

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What did he say was the queen of mathematics?

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BELL RINGS

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Er, sorry, I don't know.

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Anyone like to buzz from Emmanuel College?

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-BUZZ

-Number theory?

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Number theory's right, yes.

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APPLAUSE

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You get three questions on diseases and their symptoms, Emmanuel.

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An abnormal grin caused by facial spasms, Risus sardonicus is

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a sign of which acute bacterial disease also known as lockjaw?

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Is it tetanus?

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-Oh, yeah.

-Tetanus?

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Tetanus is right.

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Appearing inside the mouth,

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Koplik spots indicate what infectious viral disease?

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A dose of the MMR vaccine is more than 90% effective in preventing it.

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-What did that stop? Was it measles, mumps or rubella?

-Rubella, yeah.

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Which one, is rubella the virus?

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I should know this.

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-But it might not even be...

-Is it measles?

-Measles might be it.

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-I don't know.

-Just go measles.

-Measles?

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Measles is right.

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TOFI are crystalline deposits under the skin characteristic of

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what disease caused by the deposition of uric acid salts?

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-Gout?

-Yeah, I think so.

-Gout.

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Gout is right.

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We're going to take a music round now.

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For your music starter you'll hear

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a piece of classical music by a German composer.

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Ten points if you can identify the composer.

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SWIRLING ELECTRONIC SOUNDS

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BUZZ

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Stockhausen?

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Stockhausen is right, yes.

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APPLAUSE

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He was criticised by the British composer and communist activist

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Cornelius Cardew in the 1974 book, Stockhausen Serves Imperialism.

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For your music bonuses, works by three more composers reviewed

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unfavourably by Cardew in that book. Five points for each you can name.

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Firstly, which composer wrote this?

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Cardew stated that virtually everything

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written and said about him and his music is

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"extremely boring and irrelevant to the present time."

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ORCHESTRAL MUSIC

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Bernstein?

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No, that's Richard Wagner's Prelude to Act III of Lohengrin.

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Secondly, name this French composer.

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He's accused by Cardew of converting his fragmented material

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"into a semblance of musical form,

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"just as a mass of string can be shaped into the

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"semblance of a human being."

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PIANO AND FLUTE

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THEY CONFER

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Messiaen?

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No, it was Pierre Boulez. And finally, identify this composer.

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In Cardew's opinion, his music was

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"abstract, authoritarian, definitely elitist,

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"uncompromisingly bourgeois and anti-people."

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PIANO MUSIC PLAYS

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THEY CONFER

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Berg?

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No, that's Schoenberg.

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Ten points for this.

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What first name links the inventor in 1884 of the compound steam

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turbine, the Scottish chemist who gave his surname to

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a waterproof garment, and the English...?

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BUZZ

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Macintosh?

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No, you lose five points.

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And the English mathematician who developed the difference engine.

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-BELL RINGS

-Rankine?

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No, it's Charles. Parsons, Macintosh and Babbage.

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So, 10 points at stake for this starter question.

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Which of Shakespeare's plays includes the song that begins,

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"Take, oh take those lips away, that so sweetly were foresworn"?

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Its title alludes to a line found in St Matthew's version of

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Christ's Sermon on the Mount.

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BELL RINGS

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Measure For Measure.

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Correct.

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APPLAUSE

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Right, these bonuses are on cities in California, Strathclyde.

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Built on the site of the Mexican settlement of Yerba Buena,

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which city is named after a saint who was born in central

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Italy in around 1181?

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San Francisco?

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Correct.

0:17:360:17:37

The first capital of the state of California,

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which city is named after the saint who is variously

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described as the son of Heli in St Luke's Gospel,

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and as the son of Jacob in St Matthew's Gospel?

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San...Diego?

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-Yeah?

-Yeah.

-San Diego?

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No, it's San Jose.

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And finally, which city in Orange County, California,

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derives its two-word name from the saint named in the apocryphal

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first Gospel of James as the mother of the Virgin Mary?

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Santa Ana.

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-Sure?

-Yes.

-Santa Ana?

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Santa Ana is correct, yes.

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10 points for this.

0:18:130:18:15

The People's Crusade, led by Peter the Hermit,

0:18:150:18:18

was an impatient vanguard of which specific expedition,

0:18:180:18:21

proclaimed at the Council of Clermont by Pope Urban...?

0:18:210:18:24

-BELL RINGS

-The First Crusade.

0:18:240:18:27

Correct.

0:18:270:18:28

APPLAUSE

0:18:280:18:31

Strathclyde, these bonuses are on calculus.

0:18:310:18:34

In calculus, what term is used for the rate of change of one

0:18:340:18:37

variable compared to another?

0:18:370:18:39

-Differential.

-Differential?

0:18:390:18:40

No, it's derivative.

0:18:400:18:42

Differentiation is the process of finding

0:18:420:18:45

the derivative of a function.

0:18:450:18:47

What is the reverse process called?

0:18:470:18:48

-Integrating.

-Integration?

0:18:480:18:51

Correct. Calculus always uses which unit of plain angle measurement?

0:18:510:18:56

This makes it possible to relate a linear measure and an angle measure?

0:18:560:18:59

The radian?

0:18:590:19:00

Correct. 10 points for this.

0:19:000:19:02

Does the set of all those sets that do not contain themselves

0:19:020:19:06

contain itself?

0:19:060:19:08

This is a formulation of a paradox

0:19:080:19:10

or antinomy named after which English philosopher...?

0:19:100:19:12

-BUZZ

-Bertrand Russell.

0:19:120:19:14

Correct.

0:19:140:19:16

APPLAUSE

0:19:160:19:18

You get a set of bonuses, Emmanuel, on Africa.

0:19:180:19:22

With a combined area somewhat smaller than that of Scotland,

0:19:220:19:25

which two neighbouring countries have the highest population

0:19:250:19:28

density in sub-Saharan Africa?

0:19:280:19:30

THEY CONFER

0:19:310:19:33

Small countries...

0:19:340:19:36

-Togo, or...?

-Do you reckon?

0:19:380:19:40

-Equatorial Guinea...

-Are they next to each other?

0:19:400:19:43

Yeah, they are. But which one?

0:19:430:19:45

Come on.

0:19:450:19:46

Equatorial Guinea and Gabon?

0:19:460:19:48

No, it's Rwanda and Burundi.

0:19:480:19:50

Secondly, what cash crop is the main agricultural export of both

0:19:500:19:54

Rwanda and Burundi?

0:19:540:19:55

THEY CONFER

0:19:570:20:00

Cassava?

0:20:000:20:01

Cassava?

0:20:030:20:04

No, it's coffee.

0:20:040:20:06

Rwanda and Burundi both gained independence on the same day.

0:20:060:20:09

Give the decade and the colonial power that granted independence.

0:20:090:20:13

Britain...

0:20:140:20:16

I thought Britain might have done.

0:20:160:20:17

'50s, '60s?

0:20:170:20:19

'60s, '70s? '60s?

0:20:190:20:21

THEY CONFER

0:20:210:20:25

Maybe France... What do you think?

0:20:250:20:27

France, '60s? Don't know.

0:20:270:20:29

France, 1960s?

0:20:290:20:30

No, it was Belgium in the 1960s,

0:20:300:20:32

so you don't get the points. We're going to take another

0:20:320:20:35

picture round. For your picture starter, you're going to see

0:20:350:20:37

a painting of a person playing a musical instrument

0:20:370:20:39

popular in the Renaissance and early Baroque period.

0:20:390:20:42

For 10 points, simply give me the name of the instrument

0:20:420:20:45

they are playing, as mentioned in the painting's title.

0:20:450:20:48

Clavichord?

0:20:510:20:52

No, anyone want to buzz from Emmanuel?

0:20:520:20:54

Harpsichord?

0:20:580:20:59

No, it's a virginal.

0:20:590:21:02

It's Young Woman Seated At A Virginal, by Vermeer.

0:21:020:21:04

So, picture bonuses in a moment or two,

0:21:040:21:06

we're going to take another starter question in the meantime.

0:21:060:21:09

10 points for this.

0:21:090:21:11

During the mid-fifth century BC, Kallikrates and Iktinos

0:21:110:21:14

were the architects of which prominent Doric temple?

0:21:140:21:18

Um, the, um, Parthenon?

0:21:180:21:20

That is correct, yes.

0:21:200:21:21

OK, you'll recall a moment ago,

0:21:240:21:26

we saw a virginal in the painting of Vermeer, it's one of many

0:21:260:21:29

instruments that might be played in early music ensembles.

0:21:290:21:33

Your music bonuses are three more images of musical instruments,

0:21:330:21:36

this time popular in the Renaissance era and earlier.

0:21:360:21:40

Five points for each you can name.

0:21:400:21:42

Firstly, what's this?

0:21:420:21:43

THEY CONFER

0:21:440:21:47

Nominate Brown.

0:21:520:21:54

A drone?

0:21:540:21:55

A drone?! LAUGHTER

0:21:550:21:57

No, it's a hurdy-gurdy. Sounds a bit drone-like!

0:21:570:22:01

Secondly, what's this?

0:22:010:22:02

Any ideas?

0:22:040:22:06

THEY CONFER

0:22:060:22:08

Is it a...

0:22:140:22:16

a curved flute?

0:22:160:22:17

Er, well, in a manner of speaking,

0:22:170:22:19

I suppose it is, but that's not what I wanted.

0:22:190:22:21

No, it's a crumhorn.

0:22:210:22:24

And finally...

0:22:240:22:25

THEY CONFER

0:22:270:22:29

-No idea?

-No, nothing.

0:22:330:22:34

Pass.

0:22:360:22:37

That's a dulcimer.

0:22:370:22:38

Right, 10 points for this.

0:22:380:22:40

Which Whig Prime Minister

0:22:400:22:41

did David Starkey describe as "charming, worldly wise

0:22:410:22:45

"and with the faint whiff of the danger of an ex-roue -

0:22:450:22:49

"he was the perfect mentor for the inexperienced young Queen"?

0:22:490:22:52

Disraeli.

0:22:550:22:56

No.

0:22:560:22:57

One of you buzz, Emmanuel?

0:22:590:23:02

Palmerston.

0:23:020:23:03

No, it's Melbourne, who was Prime Minister

0:23:030:23:06

when she acceded to the throne.

0:23:060:23:08

OK, we'll take another starter question.

0:23:080:23:10

What is the correct botanical term for the pips on the outside

0:23:100:23:13

of the swollen receptacle of a strawberry plant?

0:23:130:23:15

They are achenes.

0:23:190:23:21

10 points for this.

0:23:210:23:22

The Minch and the Little Minch are bodies of water that separate...

0:23:220:23:27

Skye and the Outer Hebrides.

0:23:270:23:29

Yes, it's the Outer Hebrides and the Western Isles.

0:23:290:23:31

So, you get a set of bonuses, Strathclyde, on questions in poetry.

0:23:330:23:37

In each case, identify the poet who wrote the following.

0:23:370:23:41

First - "Shall I part my hair behind?

0:23:410:23:44

"Do I dare to eat a peach?"

0:23:440:23:45

THEY CONFER

0:23:490:23:52

Emily Dickinson?

0:23:540:23:56

No, that's TS Eliot in The Love Song of J Alfred Prufrock.

0:23:560:23:59

"Was he free, was he happy? The question is absurd.

0:23:590:24:01

"Had anything been wrong, we should certainly have heard."

0:24:010:24:05

THEY CONFER

0:24:090:24:13

Edward Lear?

0:24:140:24:16

No, that's Auden, The Unknown Citizen.

0:24:160:24:18

And finally - "In what distant deeps or skies

0:24:180:24:22

"Burnt the fire of thine eyes?"

0:24:220:24:24

Browning?

0:24:280:24:29

No, that's William Blake,

0:24:290:24:31

in The Tyger. Three minutes to go, 10 points for this.

0:24:310:24:33

Which Mediterranean country

0:24:330:24:35

is the world's largest producer of apricots,

0:24:350:24:37

ahead of Algeria, Uzbekistan and Iran?

0:24:370:24:40

It shares a border with the latter country.

0:24:400:24:43

Turkey.

0:24:450:24:46

Turkey is correct, yes.

0:24:460:24:47

You're going to be pleased - you've got bonuses on kings of Scotland.

0:24:490:24:52

Described as "a masterful ruler who consolidated his power

0:24:520:24:56

"throughout the kingdom", which king

0:24:560:24:58

died at the siege of Roxburgh in 1460?

0:24:580:25:00

James the...

0:25:020:25:03

..the fourth?

0:25:040:25:06

Was it the fourth? James IV? I don't know.

0:25:060:25:08

Go for the fourth.

0:25:080:25:11

James IV.

0:25:110:25:12

No, it was James II.

0:25:120:25:13

Described as having established "the first strong monarchy

0:25:130:25:16

"the Scots had known in nearly a century",

0:25:160:25:18

which king was assassinated by a group of conspirators in 1437?

0:25:180:25:23

THEY CONFER

0:25:250:25:29

James I.

0:25:360:25:37

That was James I, yes.

0:25:370:25:39

Described as having "aspired to the ideal of the Renaissance prince",

0:25:390:25:42

which king died at the Battle of Flodden in Northumberland in 1513?

0:25:420:25:47

-That was James IV.

-James IV.

0:25:470:25:49

Correct.

0:25:490:25:50

10 points for this.

0:25:500:25:51

"It was love at first sight."

0:25:510:25:53

These words begin which 1961 novel,

0:25:530:25:55

the object of the love being the chaplain and the lover in...

0:25:550:25:59

Catch-22.

0:25:590:26:01

Catch-22 is right.

0:26:010:26:03

Right, your bonuses this time, Emmanuel College,

0:26:050:26:08

are on overland explorers. In each case,

0:26:080:26:10

give the two surnames that match the following given names.

0:26:100:26:13

Firstly, Robert O'Hara and William John, both of whom died

0:26:130:26:17

while attempting a North-South crossing of Australia in 1861.

0:26:170:26:22

-Do they want one surname?

-It was two surnames, wasn't it?

0:26:230:26:26

Smith and Brown?

0:26:280:26:29

I just don't know.

0:26:290:26:31

Smith and Brown.

0:26:310:26:32

No, it's Burke and Wills.

0:26:320:26:34

Secondly, John Hanning and James Augustus,

0:26:340:26:37

who explored the source of the Nile in the early 1860s.

0:26:370:26:39

I did this the other day!

0:26:420:26:43

Um...

0:26:450:26:47

Pass.

0:26:470:26:49

That was Speke and Grant.

0:26:490:26:50

And finally, Meriwether and William,

0:26:500:26:52

who led an expedition to explore the lands west of the Mississippi

0:26:520:26:56

from 1804 to 1806.

0:26:560:26:59

-Um, Lewis and...

-Lewis and Clark?

0:27:000:27:02

Yes. Lewis and Clark.

0:27:020:27:03

Correct. 10 points for this.

0:27:030:27:04

In chemistry, Nessler's reagent

0:27:040:27:06

is used in the analysis of water to detect the presence

0:27:060:27:10

of what soluble gas?

0:27:100:27:12

I'll tell you...

0:27:160:27:18

Carbon dioxide.

0:27:180:27:19

No, anyone want to buzz from Emmanuel, quickly?

0:27:190:27:22

Sulphur dioxide?

0:27:220:27:24

No, it's ammonia.

0:27:240:27:25

GONG 10 points for this...

0:27:250:27:26

And at the gong,

0:27:260:27:28

Strathclyde have 105,

0:27:280:27:29

Emmanuel College, Cambridge have 170.

0:27:290:27:32

Well, you started badly, Strathclyde,

0:27:340:27:37

then you started coming back, then you faded a bit.

0:27:370:27:39

I don't quite know what happened there,

0:27:390:27:41

maybe you were just unlucky with the way the questions fell.

0:27:410:27:44

Emmanuel College, congratulations,

0:27:440:27:45

we look forward to seeing you in the quarterfinals, well done.

0:27:450:27:48

I hope you can join us next time for another second-round match,

0:27:480:27:51

but until then, it's goodbye from Strathclyde University...

0:27:510:27:54

-ALL:

-Bye-bye.

0:27:540:27:56

..it's goodbye from Emmanuel College, Cambridge...

0:27:560:27:58

-ALL:

-Goodbye.

0:27:580:27:59

..and it's goodbye from me. Goodbye.

0:27:590:28:01

It is the first of the second-round matches when two teams battle it out for a place in the quarter-finals. Jeremy Paxman asks the questions.