Episode 20 University Challenge


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Episode 20

Two more student teams fight it out in the second round to get through to the quarter-final stage of the competition. Jeremy Paxman asks the questions.


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APPLAUSE

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University Challenge.

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Asking the questions, Jeremy Paxman.

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Hello. By the end of tonight's match,

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we'll be halfway through the second round of this competition,

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and whichever team wins will join Emmanuel College, Cambridge,

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St John's College, Cambridge

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and Ulster University in the quarterfinals.

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For the losers, though, it'll be thank you and goodnight.

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Now, the team from University College, London narrowly

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lost their first-round match to Trinity College, Oxford

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by a margin of 15 points

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but then beat St Hugh's College, Oxford by a whopping 315 to 45,

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when, as well as being quick to the buzzer,

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they had clean sweeps on bonus sets on biochemistry,

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transuranium elements and the roles of John Hurt.

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Let's meet them again.

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Hi, I'm Tom, I'm from Whitchurch in Hampshire and I'm studying history.

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Hi, I'm Charlie, I'm from Chelmsford

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-and I'm studying for an MSc in neuroscience.

-Here's their captain.

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Hi, I'm Robert Gray, I'm from Kingston upon Thames

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and I'm doing a PhD in cell biology.

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Hello, my name's Omar, I'm originally from Kabul

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and I study mathematics.

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APPLAUSE

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The team from the University of Edinburgh like to live dangerously,

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at least if their first-round match against Ulster University

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is anything to go by,

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when they were neck and neck almost throughout.

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They struggled somewhat on characters in Middlemarch

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and the films of Martin Scorsese

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but were on stronger form on the states of Mexico, SI units

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and the prospect of the world's seas turning into pink lemonade,

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all of which was enough to give them a five-point lead at the gong.

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With an average age of 22, let's meet the Edinburgh team again.

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Hi, I'm John, I'm from Edinburgh and I'm studying Russian and history.

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Hi, I'm Stanley, I'm from Edinburgh

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and I'm studying for an MSc in speech and language processing.

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-And here's their captain.

-Hi, I'm Innes, I'm from Glasgow,

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and I'm doing a PhD in chemistry.

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Hi, I'm Philippa, I'm from Oxford and I'm studying biology.

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APPLAUSE

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OK, we'll not waste any time reciting the rules.

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Fingers on the buzzers. Here's your first starter for ten.

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What short adjective links a student mass paramilitary movement

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mobilised by Mao from 1966,

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volunteer followers of Garibaldi...?

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Red?

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Red is correct, yes. APPLAUSE

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-Well done!

-Yes, Stanley!

-Red Guard, Shirts and so on.

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You get a set of bonuses, Edinburgh, on lost treasure.

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The treasure of which Aztec ruler is said to have been swallowed up

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by the waters of Lake Texcoco during a night retreat in 1520?

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Montezuma.

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Correct. The many thousand gold Louis coins that formed the lost

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treasure of Loch Arkaig were intended to support which rebellion?

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-Loch Arkaig, yeah?

-Yeah.

-The Jacobite?

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-Yeah. Shall we try that?

-Yeah.

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Jacobite.

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-Which one?

-Oh!

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-What's he mean by that? The first?

-The first.

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The first Jacobite rebellion.

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No, it was the second, 1745. Five points for this one if you get it.

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In which county in 2009 did Terry Herbert discover the largest

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hoard of Anglo-Saxon gold- and silverwork found to date?

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-I didn't hear about that. I don't know.

-I'm not sure.

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Could be Suffolk.

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-I felt like it was something south-east.

-Shall we try that?

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Suffolk.

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No, it was Staffordshire. Ten points for this -

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the modern version of which sport

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is believed to have evolved largely from sphairistike, a ball game

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patented in 1874 by the Welshman Major Walter Clopton Wingfield?

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The original patent stipulated

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an hourglass-shaped court, which is no longer used...

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Tennis.

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Tennis is correct. APPLAUSE

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You get a set of bonuses on the song Waltzing Matilda.

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Firstly for five points, the coolabah tree, under which the

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swagman rests, is a species of what large genus of the myrtle family?

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-Eucalyptus?

-Yeah!

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Eucalyptus?

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Correct. A billabong is a backwater or stagnant pool,

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often formed when a meander of a river is cut off.

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By what term, after the collar of a domestic animal,

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is this formation also known?

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Oxbow lake.

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Correct. The swagman is challenged by troopers

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when, somewhat improbably, he puts

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a jumbuck in his tucker bag. What is a jumbuck?

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It's like a baby kangaroo, maybe?

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No, that's joey.

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-Or a baby sheep.

-A gun?

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-A gun? Maybe.

-Well, I don't know. It's a guess.

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I have a feeling it might be. Go for it.

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A gun?

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No, it's a sheep. Ten points

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for this - I need two answers here - what crime

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and what author link the actress Arlena Marshall,

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the hotel dancer Ruby Keane, the businessman Samuel Ratchett,

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the aristocrat Lord Edgware

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and the industrialist Roger Ackroyd?

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Murder and Agatha Christie?

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Correct! They're all murder victims. APPLAUSE

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Right, these bonuses are on literary works and paintings, UCL.

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The title poem of John Ashbery's Self-Portrait In A Convex Mirror

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is named after a work by which Italian painter born in 1503?

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He's also noted for the Madonna With The Long Neck.

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Oh, didn't Botticelli always draw people with long necks?

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-1503. Too early.

-Are you sure?

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He always drew people with long necks.

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-Sarto?

-Hm?

-Sarto.

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No, that's not famous enough. I'd say Botticelli.

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-Come on.

-Titian, then.

-Titian.

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No, it's Parmigianino.

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And born 1643, the Dutch genre and portrait painter Godfried Schalcken

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became the title character of a Gothic horror story of 1839

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by which Irish writer?

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Bram Stoker. Irish, Gothic...

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-Yeah. Just say that.

-OK.

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Bram Stoker?

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No, it's Sheridan Le Fanu.

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And in which novel of 1813 is the heroine's opinion of

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her future husband affected by seeing his portrait in a gallery

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at Pemberley, his family home?

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Pride And Prejudice. Pride And Prejudice.

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Yeah, you're right. Pride And Prejudice.

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Correct. Ten points for this. APPLAUSE

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In astronomy, what term

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means the loss of starlight as it passes through Earth's atmosphere

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or another absorbing or scattering medium?

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In biology and ecology,

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the same term refers to the final disappearance of a taxon or species.

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Extinction?

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-Correct.

-Well done.

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APPLAUSE

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Your bonuses, Edinburgh, are on African mammals.

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Large antelopes of what genus appear on the coat of arms of Namibia?

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Its four-letter name is thought to derive from the Greek for

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"pickaxe" on account of their long, pointed horns.

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-Is it oryx?

-Yeah.

-Oryx is a good shout.

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Oryx.

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-Oryx is correct, yes.

-Well done.

-Cheers.

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Secondly, a kob antelope and a crested crane

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appear on the coat of arms of which landlocked African country?

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It gained independence from Britain in 1962.

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'62, Britain...

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-Ghana? Is that right?

-No, that's not landlocked.

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-Zambia, maybe?

-Let's just try it.

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Zambia.

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No, it's Uganda. And finally,

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which hoofed mammal appears on the coat of arms of Eritrea?

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I need the species and not simply the genus.

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Can't help you there.

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I'm sorry, I don't know.

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-Reebok?

-Thomson's gazelle? Is that one?

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Yeah, we'll try that. We'll just try that.

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Thomson's gazelle.

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-No, it's a dromedary.

-Oh.

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Right, we're going to take a picture round now. For your picture starter,

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you'll see a map showing the location of two

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art galleries that both bear the name of a single artist.

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For ten points, I want that artist's name, please.

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Barbara Hepworth?

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Correct. APPLAUSE

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For your picture bonuses, I want you to identify three more

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artists from the locations of museums dedicated to their works.

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Firstly, five points if you can tell me about this artist, born 1928.

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-Two, so...

-Is that Poland?

-Southern Poland.

-Kandinsky?

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-And what's that?

-Pennsylvania.

-Not Kandinsky, then.

-So, erm...

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Polish. Probably Russian.

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-Chagall? Marc Chagall.

-Chagall?

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No, it was Andy Warhol. One's in Pittsburgh, the other in Slovakia,

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where his mother was born.

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Secondly, this artist, born 1869.

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-Cezanne?

-Yeah.

-You reckon?

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Sounds a bit late for Cezanne.

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Degas?

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-But Degas's too late.

-Born in 1869.

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Cezanne?

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Cezanne?

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No, that's Matisse. One's in his birthplace of Le Cateau,

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and one's in Nice, where he spent the end of his life.

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Finally, this artist, born 1904.

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-Florida...

-And France. And Spain.

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-When was he born?

-1904.

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Miro was born in Catalonia. That's like Catalonia.

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-What did you say?

-Miro?

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Miro?

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No, it's Dali.

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-Dali. Oh!

-Paris and his home town of Figueres and St Petersburg, Florida.

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Ten points for this -

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what five-letter term, taken from Latin, is used in literature

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to denote the return of a previously seen character?

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In the titles of works by John Dryden, Anthony Trollope and

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John Updike, it follows the words

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"Astraea", "Phineas" and "Rabbit".

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Run?

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-No!

-No. Edinburgh, one of you like to buzz?

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Redux?

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Redux is correct, yes. APPLAUSE

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Right, your bonuses are on medieval history.

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In each case, name the year from the events.

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All three answers include at least three identical digits,

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for example 1171 or 1555.

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Firstly, the establishment of the Rinzai Zen sect in Japan

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and Richard the Lionheart's defeat of Saladin at the Battle of Arsuf.

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QUIET DISCUSSION

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Was it 1180s?

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1181? Try that?

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-Triple digits. Triple consecutive...

-No, not consecutive.

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-Oh, right, OK.

-It might be 1191.

-Try 1191.

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1191.

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Correct!

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Secondly, the birth of the Japanese Buddhist sage Nichiren and the

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traditional date of the foundation of the University of Padua.

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I've got no idea.

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Could it be, like, 14 something?

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1333?

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Wait, how old's Bologna, though? That's older than Padua, isn't it?

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-1444. I'm very sorry if it's wrong.

-That's all right.

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1444?

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-Come on!

-1444.

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-No, it's 1222.

-Oh!

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And finally, the end of the Kamakura shogunate in Japan

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and Edward III's victory over the Scots at Halidon Hill.

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Edward III... Halidon Hill...

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-1300s.

-Mm-hm.

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So, must be 1333.

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Yeah. 1333?

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1333?

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Correct! APPLAUSE

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Ten points for this -

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the evergreen tree Taxus baccata has what common name?

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The specific epithet...

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Yew.

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Yew is correct, yes. APPLAUSE

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Your bonuses are on cities in British India

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mentioned in Conan Doyle's Sherlock Holmes stories.

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In each case, name the city from the description.

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Firstly, in A Study In Scarlet,

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the city to which Watson was removed after being wounded in Afghanistan.

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It's a major city of Pakistan not far from the Khyber Pass.

0:12:220:12:25

-That's Peshawar?

-Yeah.

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Peshawar?

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Peshawar is correct.

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Mentioned in The Sign Of The Four, the capital of the Andaman Islands.

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It shares its two-word name in part

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with a post-Thatcher British Prime Minister.

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Port Blair? I think so.

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Port Blair?

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Correct. A city mentioned

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in connection with Colonel Sebastian Moran,

0:12:450:12:47

the second most dangerous man in London. The capital of Karnataka

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state, it is the location of India's equivalent of Silicon Valley.

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Bangalore.

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Correct. Ten points for this. APPLAUSE

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Analogous to disruptive coloration shown by animals such as zebras,

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what name is given to the form of camouflage adopted in the...?

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Dazzle.

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Dazzle is correct. APPLAUSE

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You get a set of bonuses on German terms in physics.

0:13:120:13:15

Firstly for five, what six-letter German word is applied to the

0:13:150:13:18

principle that electrons orbiting an atom fill the lowest-energy

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orbitals first?

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Aufbau principle.

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Correct.

0:13:250:13:26

Meaning "braking radiation", what German terms denotes the X-rays

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emitted by an electron or other charged particle

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when it is rapidly slowed down?

0:13:330:13:35

-I don't know what that is.

-Do we know any German?

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-No.

-Erm...

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Helmholtz.

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No, it's Bremsstrahlung.

0:13:430:13:44

And finally, what short German word meaning "own" or "inherent" can be

0:13:440:13:49

prefixed to English words such as "frequency", "function" or "value"?

0:13:490:13:53

-Eigen.

-OK.

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Eigen.

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Correct. Ten points for this. APPLAUSE

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North Dakota, Washington and Idaho were among

0:13:580:14:01

the six states admitted to the Union

0:14:010:14:03

during the administration of which US president?

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His grandfather had earlier served as President...

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John Adams?

0:14:110:14:12

I'm sorry, you lose five points.

0:14:120:14:14

..served as President, dying in his 32nd day in office in 1841.

0:14:140:14:18

Benjamin Harrison.

0:14:190:14:21

Correct. APPLAUSE

0:14:210:14:22

You get three bonuses on Eleanor Roosevelt.

0:14:250:14:28

Eleanor Roosevelt was the longest-serving First Lady

0:14:280:14:31

of the United States.

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To the nearest whole year, how many years did she serve?

0:14:320:14:36

-Three full terms.

-He was elected in 1929.

0:14:360:14:41

No, later than that.

0:14:410:14:43

Sorry, maybe you're right.

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-It was three terms and a year, wasn't it?

-I'm sorry, no, '32.

0:14:450:14:48

'33 to '45.

0:14:480:14:51

Yeah, so approximately 12.

0:14:510:14:52

12.

0:14:520:14:54

12 is correct.

0:14:540:14:55

In 1939, Roosevelt resigned her membership of which patriotic

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organisation when it refused to allow the African-American

0:14:580:15:02

singer Marian Anderson to perform at Constitution Hall?

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The organisation is known by the abbreviation DAR.

0:15:050:15:08

-Daughters of the American Revolution?

-That's a good shout.

0:15:080:15:11

Daughters of the American Revolution.

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Correct.

0:15:130:15:14

In 1948, Roosevelt chaired the United Nations committee

0:15:140:15:17

that drafted which document, often abbreviated to UDHR?

0:15:170:15:22

She described it as "humanity's Magna Carta".

0:15:220:15:25

-Universal Declaration of Human Rights. Is that right?

-Yeah.

0:15:250:15:28

Universal Declaration of Human Rights.

0:15:280:15:29

Correct. APPLAUSE

0:15:290:15:31

We're going to take a music round now. For your starter,

0:15:310:15:33

you'll hear a recording of a traditional song.

0:15:330:15:35

For ten points, identify the singer.

0:15:350:15:39

# I went into his prison cell... #

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Dolly Parton?

0:15:460:15:47

Dolly Parton, yes. APPLAUSE

0:15:470:15:49

On The Banks Of The Ohio.

0:15:490:15:51

It's a 19th-century example of a murder ballad,

0:15:510:15:53

a traditional subgenre of the ballad form.

0:15:530:15:56

Your music bonuses are three contemporary takes on this

0:15:560:15:59

traditional genre. Five points for each artist you can identify.

0:15:590:16:02

Firstly, for five, name the group performing.

0:16:020:16:04

# The cops came by to bring Earl in

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# They searched the house high and low

0:16:090:16:12

# And they tipped their hats And said, "Thank you, ladies..." #

0:16:130:16:17

The Dixie Chicks?

0:16:170:16:18

It is the Dixie Chicks, Goodbye Earl.

0:16:180:16:20

Secondly, here I'll need the names of both singers in this duet.

0:16:200:16:24

# They call me the Wild Rose

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# But my name was Elisa Day

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# Why they call me that I do not know

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# For my name was Elisa Day

0:16:440:16:48

# On the second day I brought her a flower

0:16:480:16:52

# She was more beautiful than any woman I've seen

0:16:530:16:58

# I said, "Do you know where the wild roses...?" #

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-Johnny Cash and June Carter?

-Yeah, maybe.

-I don't think it is.

-Come on.

0:17:020:17:06

Er, Johnny Cash and June Carter?

0:17:060:17:07

No, it's Nick Cave and Kylie Minogue.

0:17:070:17:09

And finally, this singer, please.

0:17:090:17:12

# I didn't mean to end his life I know it wasn't right... #

0:17:120:17:15

Rihanna.

0:17:150:17:16

Rihanna is right, yes! APPLAUSE

0:17:160:17:18

Too easy! Ten points for this -

0:17:180:17:20

which is the only one of the 88 modern constellations

0:17:200:17:24

to occupy two non-contiguous regions of the celestial sphere?

0:17:240:17:28

The two regions are respectively named Caput and Cauda,

0:17:280:17:32

or the Head and the Tail.

0:17:320:17:33

Hydra?

0:17:360:17:37

No. Anyone like to buzz from Edinburgh?

0:17:370:17:39

Great Bear?

0:17:410:17:42

No, it's the Serpent, the Serpent or Snake.

0:17:420:17:45

Ten points for this - in the last seven years

0:17:450:17:47

of his life, Francis Poulenc composed sonatas for the flute,

0:17:470:17:51

for the clarinet and for the oboe.

0:17:510:17:53

All three feature which other instrument?

0:17:530:17:57

Violin?

0:17:590:18:00

Nope.

0:18:000:18:02

The piano.

0:18:020:18:03

The piano is correct. APPLAUSE

0:18:030:18:05

We're on level pegging as you get these bonuses, UCL,

0:18:070:18:10

on words that contain the name of a country, in the way that the

0:18:100:18:13

name Cuba appears in the word "incubate".

0:18:130:18:17

Firstly for five points, the name of which South American country

0:18:170:18:20

begins a word meaning "an act of examining, reading or viewing"?

0:18:200:18:25

Peru? Peruse.

0:18:250:18:27

Yeah, OK. Peru.

0:18:270:18:28

Peru is correct.

0:18:280:18:30

The name of which landlocked African country appears within

0:18:300:18:33

the name of the Babylonian king who captured Jerusalem in 597BC?

0:18:330:18:38

He's the subject of an opera by Verdi.

0:18:380:18:41

Do you know the opera? Could be Chad. Something like...

0:18:410:18:45

Nebuchadnezzar! Chad.

0:18:450:18:47

Chad?

0:18:470:18:48

Correct.

0:18:480:18:49

The name of which country on the Black Sea appears within

0:18:490:18:52

a word meaning "one within an obsessive desire to start fires"?

0:18:520:18:56

Pyromaniac.

0:18:560:18:57

-Romania!

-Romania, pyromaniac, yeah, yeah. Romania, yeah.

0:18:590:19:02

Romania?

0:19:020:19:03

Romania's correct. Well done. APPLAUSE

0:19:030:19:05

Ten points for this - of the regnal names

0:19:050:19:07

of the monarchs of England and Great Britain since 1066,

0:19:070:19:12

what is the only one that is also the name of an SI derived unit?

0:19:120:19:17

Henry.

0:19:180:19:19

Henry is correct, yes. APPLAUSE

0:19:190:19:21

Right, these bonuses are on ancient Greek dramatists.

0:19:230:19:26

Which dramatist fought at the Battle of Marathon in 490BC?

0:19:260:19:30

His works include Seven Against Thebes and Persians,

0:19:300:19:34

which includes an account of the Battle of Salamis.

0:19:340:19:36

Aeschylus.

0:19:360:19:38

Correct. Who at the age of 16 led

0:19:380:19:40

the choral chant celebrating the Greek victory at Salamis?

0:19:400:19:44

His plays include Ajax, Antigone and Oedipus At Colonus.

0:19:440:19:48

Sophocles.

0:19:480:19:49

Correct. According to legend,

0:19:490:19:51

which dramatist was born on the day of the Battle of Salamis?

0:19:510:19:55

His works include Alcestis, Medea and The Trojan Women.

0:19:550:19:59

Euripides.

0:19:590:20:00

Correct. Ten points for this... APPLAUSE

0:20:000:20:02

"We came into the world like brother and brother;

0:20:020:20:04

"And now let's go hand in hand, not one before another."

0:20:040:20:07

These words, spoken by Dromio of Ephesus,

0:20:070:20:10

end which of Shakespeare's plays?

0:20:100:20:13

Love's Labours Lost?

0:20:150:20:17

No. Anyone like to buzz from Edinburgh?

0:20:170:20:19

Timon Of Athens?

0:20:200:20:22

No, it's The Comedy Of Errors. Ten points for this -

0:20:220:20:25

the 19th-century German physician Alfred Volkmann gives his name

0:20:250:20:28

to canals in which tissue of the body?

0:20:280:20:31

Bone?

0:20:360:20:37

Bone is correct, yes. APPLAUSE

0:20:370:20:39

You get a set of bonuses on the heart, Edinburgh.

0:20:400:20:43

What nine-letter name is given to the valve in the human heart that

0:20:430:20:47

allows the flow of blood from the right atrium to the right ventricle?

0:20:470:20:50

Sure. Is that right? Yeah?

0:20:500:20:52

Tricuspid.

0:20:520:20:53

Correct. Also known as the pacemaker,

0:20:530:20:55

what name is given to the area of cardiac muscle on the upper

0:20:550:20:58

wall of the right atrium that provides the impulse that

0:20:580:21:01

initiates the heartbeat?

0:21:010:21:03

-Is it sinoatrial node?

-I've no idea. Do you mind if I nominate you?

0:21:030:21:06

-Go for it.

-OK with that?

0:21:060:21:08

-Nominate Stone.

-Sinoatrial node?

0:21:080:21:11

-Correct.

-Well done!

0:21:110:21:12

What name is given to the two veins carrying deoxygenated blood

0:21:120:21:15

that enter the right atrium of the heart?

0:21:150:21:18

QUIET DISCUSSION

0:21:180:21:20

Wait. Deoxygenated?

0:21:220:21:24

-Yeah.

-So vena cava...

0:21:240:21:26

-That's one of them.

-OK. Is it inferior and superior vena cavas?

0:21:260:21:30

-Oh, yeah, yeah.

-Shall we try that?

0:21:300:21:32

Inferior and superior vena cava.

0:21:320:21:35

Correct. APPLAUSE

0:21:350:21:36

We're going to take another picture round now.

0:21:360:21:38

For your picture starter, you'll see a photograph of a figure

0:21:380:21:41

prominent in the 20th century. Ten points if you can name him.

0:21:410:21:44

Edmund Hillary?

0:21:470:21:48

It is Sir Edmund Hillary, yes. APPLAUSE

0:21:480:21:51

He appears on the New Zealand five-dollar note, which won the

0:21:510:21:55

International Bank Note Society's Banknote of the Year award for 2015.

0:21:550:21:59

For your bonuses, you're going to see pictures of three more people

0:21:590:22:02

who appear on banknotes around the world.

0:22:020:22:05

Five points for each you can identify.

0:22:050:22:06

I want the name of the person you see

0:22:060:22:08

and the names of both the currency and the country that issues it.

0:22:080:22:12

Firstly...

0:22:120:22:13

-Greta Garbo?

-Yeah.

-Is it?

0:22:160:22:18

-Probably.

-Where's she from?

-Germany?

0:22:180:22:21

No Greta Garbo, isn't she Swedish?

0:22:210:22:23

Maybe, yeah.

0:22:230:22:24

OK. Krona.

0:22:240:22:26

Greta Garbo, Swedish krona?

0:22:260:22:28

Correct. Secondly...

0:22:280:22:31

-Um, Ho Chi Minh. Vietnam.

-Vietnamese...

0:22:310:22:34

-Dong?

-Is it dong?

0:22:340:22:36

-Yeah.

-Dong, Vietnam, Ho Chi Minh.

-Yeah.

0:22:360:22:38

Ho Chi Minh, Vietnamese dong?

0:22:380:22:40

Correct. And finally, who is this?

0:22:400:22:42

He appears on the currency of two countries.

0:22:420:22:44

You can name either currency, but give its country, as well.

0:22:440:22:47

-Simon Bolivar.

-Venezuelan...

0:22:490:22:52

Might be Colombia.

0:22:520:22:54

-Peso.

-Peso. Colombia?

0:22:540:22:56

Colombian peso? Could be. Could be Bolivia. He's everywhere.

0:22:560:23:00

Let's go for that. Simon Bolivar, Colombian peso.

0:23:000:23:02

No. Bad luck!

0:23:020:23:04

He appears on the Venezuelan bolivar and the Argentine peso.

0:23:040:23:08

So you don't get that. Ten points for this -

0:23:080:23:11

which two letters begin the names of a tributary of the River Nile,

0:23:110:23:14

a large desert of northern Chile and the US state capital...?

0:23:140:23:18

A-T?

0:23:180:23:19

A-T is correct. APPLAUSE

0:23:190:23:21

These bonuses could give you the lead again.

0:23:220:23:25

They're on Renaissance humanists. Which 14th-century poet

0:23:250:23:29

and humanist wrote a critique of contemporary scholastic philosophy

0:23:290:23:32

entitled On His Own Ignorance And That Of Many Others?

0:23:320:23:36

-Erasmus?

-14th century...

0:23:370:23:40

-Is that a bit later?

-No.

-No idea.

0:23:400:23:44

-Failing that, Thomas More?

-We'll go with that.

0:23:440:23:46

Erasmus?

0:23:460:23:48

No, it's Petrarch. The subject of a noted portrait

0:23:480:23:50

by Raphael, which humanist and diplomat wrote The Courtier,

0:23:500:23:54

one of the 16th century's greatest literary successes?

0:23:540:23:58

-I think...

-Painted by Raphael?

0:23:580:24:01

-What is he?

-16th century. Raphael.

0:24:010:24:03

-The Courtier.

-Erasmus met Thomas More.

-OK.

0:24:030:24:05

-Could be Thomas More.

-Raphael?!

-PAINTED by Raphael.

0:24:050:24:10

We'll try Erasmus again.

0:24:100:24:12

No, it's Castiglione. And finally, in his 1524 work on free will,

0:24:120:24:17

which Dutch scholar attacked Martin Luther's central doctrine

0:24:170:24:21

that human will is enslaved by sin?

0:24:210:24:24

Is that Erasmus?

0:24:240:24:26

Can't think of any Dutch ones, can you?

0:24:260:24:29

Spinoza? No. No, that's way later.

0:24:290:24:31

Erasmus.

0:24:310:24:32

Erasmus is right, in the end! APPLAUSE

0:24:320:24:34

Right, ten points for this -

0:24:340:24:36

what is the first noun in Rudyard Kipling's poem "If-"?

0:24:360:24:40

Man.

0:24:430:24:45

No. UCL, one of you can buzz.

0:24:450:24:47

Boy?

0:24:480:24:49

No, it's "head". "If you can keep your head when all about you

0:24:490:24:51

"Are losing theirs and blaming it on you...."

0:24:510:24:54

Right, we get another starter question, then. Answer promptly.

0:24:540:24:57

Name two of the three constitutional

0:24:570:24:59

monarchies of mainland South-East Asia.

0:24:590:25:01

Cambodia and...Thailand?

0:25:040:25:06

Correct. The other one is Malaysia, of course. Well done.

0:25:060:25:08

APPLAUSE

0:25:080:25:09

Bonuses on the ancient Near East.

0:25:110:25:13

Muwatallis and Mursilis were among the rulers of which ancient people?

0:25:130:25:17

Speakers of an Indo-European language,

0:25:170:25:19

they appeared in Anatolia during the second millennium BCE.

0:25:190:25:24

Hittites? I think they were Indo-Europeans.

0:25:240:25:26

OK. Hittites?

0:25:260:25:28

Hittites is correct.

0:25:280:25:29

Shutruk-Nahhunte ruled which ancient state during the 12th century BCE?

0:25:290:25:35

It is also known as Susiana after its capital, Susa,

0:25:350:25:39

in the south-west of present-day Iran.

0:25:390:25:42

-Sumeria?

-I was thinking that.

0:25:420:25:44

Sumeria?

0:25:440:25:45

No, it's Elam. And finally, Shulgi, Shu-Sin

0:25:450:25:48

and Naram-Sin were rulers of which Sumerian city state

0:25:480:25:52

during its third dynasty in the later second millennium BCE?

0:25:520:25:56

THEY ALL SPEAK AT ONCE

0:25:560:25:58

-Ur. What?

-Ur. Ur.

-U-R.

0:26:020:26:05

Ur.

0:26:050:26:06

Ur is correct. Ten points for this. APPLAUSE

0:26:060:26:08

What seven-letter term

0:26:080:26:09

may be used in mechanics to denote

0:26:090:26:11

a quantity with the same dimensions as force?

0:26:110:26:14

It is also a synonym for "voltage".

0:26:140:26:16

Potential?

0:26:190:26:20

No. Edinburgh, one of you can buzz.

0:26:200:26:22

Impulse?

0:26:240:26:25

No, it's "tension". Ten points for this -

0:26:250:26:27

the Treaty of Breda in 1667 resulted in an exchange of territory

0:26:270:26:32

that established a Dutch monopoly over trade in which spice?

0:26:320:26:36

Nutmeg.

0:26:370:26:38

Nutmeg is correct, yes. APPLAUSE

0:26:380:26:41

Your bonuses are on islands. They could give you the lead again.

0:26:420:26:44

Baffin Island and Ellesmere Island, two of the three largest

0:26:440:26:47

islands of Canada, are part of which Canadian territory?

0:26:470:26:51

-Nunavut.

-Nunavut.

0:26:510:26:53

Correct. Skye, the second-largest island of Scotland,

0:26:530:26:56

is within which Scottish council area?

0:26:560:27:00

-Highlands?

-No, no, no. Erm...

0:27:000:27:02

Ross-shire, I think.

0:27:020:27:04

Um, Ross-shire.

0:27:040:27:06

-No, it's Highland.

-Sorry.

0:27:060:27:08

Finally, Kangaroo Island, the third-largest island of Australia,

0:27:080:27:11

is part of the territory of which state?

0:27:110:27:13

Oh, I think it's...

0:27:140:27:16

Come on.

0:27:170:27:19

-What's the one in the south-east?

-New South Wales?

-New South Wales.

0:27:190:27:23

No, it's South Australia.

0:27:230:27:24

Ten points for this - Explosion, Varoom! and As I Opened Fire

0:27:240:27:29

are the titles of paintings created between 19...

0:27:290:27:32

Lichtenstein?

0:27:320:27:33

Roy Lichtenstein is correct.

0:27:330:27:35

-Yes!

-APPLAUSE

0:27:350:27:36

Your bonuses are on the Romantic poets. In each case,

0:27:370:27:39

identify the work from phrases that appear in its opening lines.

0:27:390:27:43

GONG And at the gong,

0:27:430:27:45

UCL have 165, Edinburgh have 170. APPLAUSE

0:27:450:27:48

Well, it was, as the Duke of Wellington said,

0:27:520:27:55

a damn close-run thing!

0:27:550:27:56

But thank you both very much for taking part.

0:27:560:27:59

And, UCL, you nearly did it, but you didn't in the end.

0:27:590:28:03

Sadly, we have to say goodbye to you, but you've been a great team.

0:28:030:28:05

Thank you for playing with us. And, Edinburgh, congratulations to you.

0:28:050:28:08

You left it till the last minute, but you did it!

0:28:080:28:10

I hope you can join us next time for another second-round match,

0:28:100:28:13

but until then, it's goodbye

0:28:130:28:14

-from University College, London... ALL:

-Goodbye.

0:28:140:28:17

-..it's goodbye from Edinburgh University... ALL:

-Goodbye.

0:28:170:28:19

..and it's goodbye from me. Goodbye.

0:28:190:28:21

Two more student teams fight it out in the second round to get through to the quarter-final stage of the competition. Jeremy Paxman asks the questions.