Episode 27 University Challenge


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Episode 27

Pressure is mounting as the quarter-finals continue in the quiz for students. Jeremy Paxman asks the questions.


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APPLAUSE

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University Challenge.

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Asking the questions, Jeremy Paxman.

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Hello. The game's afoot.

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Two quarterfinals down, two teams a step closer to the semifinals,

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and two more teams playing tonight to secure

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the first of the two victories they'll need to make the semifinals.

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The team from St John's College, Cambridge,

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may well be hoping for rather stiffer opposition tonight

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than they've had so far in this competition,

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just to show us what they're like under pressure.

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The teams from St Andrews University

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and Corpus Christi College, Cambridge,

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didn't do much to make them break sweat.

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And with only those two matches behind them,

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their accumulated score is already 540.

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With an average age of 23, let's meet the St John's team again.

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Hi, I'm John-Clark Levin, I'm from Los Angeles, California,

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and I'm studying for a PhD in politics and international studies.

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Hello, I'm Rosie McKeown, I'm from Kingston upon Thames

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in South West London, and I'm studying French and German.

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And their captain.

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Hi, I'm James Devine-Stoneman from Southall in West London,

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studying for a PhD in superconducting spintronics.

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Hi, I'm Matt Hazell from Ringwood in Hampshire,

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and I'm studying veterinary medicine.

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APPLAUSE

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Now, the team from Ulster University have had ample opportunity

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to show us grace under fire.

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They lost their first-round match by a mere five points

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against Edinburgh University,

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survived as one of the highest-scoring losing teams,

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then to beat St Anne's College, Oxford, in the play-offs.

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They then knocked off the University of Warwick

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in Round Two by a 30-point margin.

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With an accumulated score of 505 earned over those three matches,

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and with an average age of 50,

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let's meet the well-preserved Ulster team again.

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LAUGHTER

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Hello, I'm Cathal McDaid from Buncrana in County Donegal,

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and I'm studying for a Masters degree in English literature.

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Hi, I'm Kate Ritchie, I'm from Waringstown, County Armagh,

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and I'm studying fine art.

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And this is their captain.

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Hi, I'm Ian Jack, I'm originally from Peterhead in Aberdeenshire,

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and I'm reading for a PhD in pharmacy.

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Hi, my name's Matthew Milliken, I'm from Comber in County Down,

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and I'm studying for a PhD in education.

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APPLAUSE

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OK, the rules are the same as ever, so fingers on buzzers.

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Here's the first starter for ten.

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What short surname links a trade unionist born in 1864,

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after whom a new town in County Durham is named,

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the commander of the Army of Northern Virginia

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during the American Civil War...?

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-Lee.

-Lee is correct.

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APPLAUSE

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You get a set of bonuses on literary figures

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who served as members of the House of Commons.

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In each case, I want you to identify the MP from the description.

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Firstly, for five,

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the member for Liskeard between 1774 and 1780,

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and for Lymington between 1781 and 1784.

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In the former period, he published the first of the six volumes

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of the work of non-fiction for which he is most remembered.

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Try, um, Edward Gibbon.

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Edward Gibbon?

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Er, Gibbon?

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Correct.

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Secondly, a playwright who was the member for three constituencies -

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Stafford, Westminster and Ilchester -

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at different times between 1780 and 1812,

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and was appointed treasurer of the Navy in 1806.

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-Anything on that?

-There's a faint thing...

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Try Sheridan, but it's not.

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Sheridan.

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-Sheridan is correct.

-Oh.

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And, finally, a French-born writer who was the Liberal Party MP

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for South Salford between 1906 and 1910.

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During this time,

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he published a collection of verse parodies for children.

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Hilaire Belloc.

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-Hilaire Belloc.

-Correct.

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Ten points for this.

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In astronomy, what seven-letter term is defined as

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"the great circle formed by the intersection

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"of the celestial sphere with a plane perpendicular to the...?

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The ecliptic?

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No, you lose five points.

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"..plane perpendicular to the line from an observer to the zenith"?

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In more general speech, it denotes a boundary or limit,

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for example of knowledge or perception.

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One of you buzz from Ulster.

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Tangent?

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It's horizon.

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Ten points for this.

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"I have spent my life since I first read it trying to solve it.

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"It's incredibly prophetic, full of pre-Freudian insights."

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These words of Leonard Bernstein

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refer to which opera or musical drama

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inspired by two lovers in Celtic legend?

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Completed in...

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Tristan and Isolde.

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Correct. APPLAUSE

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Your bonuses are on art museums.

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In each case, give the name of the museum

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and the city in which it's located.

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Firstly, originally built for the Medici family,

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which Italian museum's collection

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includes Gentile da Fabriano's Adoration Of The Magi

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and Titian's Venus Of Urbino?

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-Is that the Uffizi?

-Could be the Uffizi in Florence, yeah.

-Yes.

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-The Uffizi in Florence?

-Correct.

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Incorporated in 1870, which American museum's collection

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includes John Singer Sargent's Portrait Of Madame X

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and Winslow Homer's The Gulf Stream?

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It's the one in New York.

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-The Moma?

-Moma?

-The Moma?

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It could be.

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-Try that?

-Yeah.

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The Moma in New York?

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No, it's the Metropolitan Museum of Art, the Met.

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And, finally, housed in a building completed in 1819,

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which museum's collection includes

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Titian's Equestrian Portrait Of Charles V

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and Goya's Saturn Devouring His Son?

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The Prado in Madrid.

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-The Prado in Madrid.

-Correct.

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Ten points for this.

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What letter of the alphabet is used to designate

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the atmospheric region also known as the Kennelly-Heaviside layer?

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It is responsible for the reflections involved

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in Marconi's original transatlantic radio communication in 1902.

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X?

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No. Anyone like to buzz from St John's?

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-A?

-No, it's E.

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Ten points for this.

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"George I was a Doge. George II was a Doge.

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"They were what William III, a great man, would not be."

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Who wrote those words in the 1844 novel Coningsby?

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On his elevation to the peerage, he was created Earl of Beaconsfield.

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-Benjamin Disraeli.

-Correct.

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APPLAUSE

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These bonuses are on experiments at CERN. Firstly, for five.

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What five-letter name is given

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to the general-purpose particle detector

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at the Large Hadron Collider which, along with the CMS detector,

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discovered the Higgs boson in 2012?

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-Atlas.

-Correct.

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What five-letter name is given to the detector array

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spread up to half a kilometre around the CMS interaction point?

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It's designed to study the forward direction region

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inaccessible to other LHC experiments.

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Not sure on this.

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Not Prism or something?

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Could try that.

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-Prism?

-No, it's Totem.

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Using arguably the cleanest box in the world,

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the Cloud experiment at CERN investigates possible links

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between cloud formation and what?

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-Magnetism?

-Something like that.

-Magnetic fields?

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Or it could be like a charged particle, like... Or...

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I think maybe it's something forming around particles...

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Electromagnetic fields.

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No, it's cosmic rays.

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Ten points for this.

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It's a picture question.

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For your picture starter, you will have to tell me

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the name of the specific body of water highlighted in red here.

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-The Gulf of Guinea.

-Correct.

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APPLAUSE

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Your picture bonuses are three more alliterative geographical features.

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Five points for each you can name. Firstly...

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-It's Lake Ladoga.

-Yeah.

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-Lake Ladoga.

-Correct.

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Secondly, this specific part of the Gulf of Guinea.

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-LEVIN:

-The Bight of Benin, I think.

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-The Bight of Benin?

-Correct.

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And finally...

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-MCKEOWN:

-Hook of Holland. Oh, no, no.

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-LEVIN:

-This is Massachusetts.

-Oh, yes.

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-HAZELL:

-Could be a hook or spit.

-Oh, yeah.

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-Any idea?

-Massach...

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-Come on.

-No?

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Um...pass.

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It's Cape Cod.

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Ten points for this. I need a two-word term here.

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The diamond-water paradox of value that Adam Smith was unable to solve

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can be explained with the help of which concept,

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referring to the amount of extra satisfaction

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gained from the last unit of the commodity consumed?

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Marginal utility?

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Yes, that's correct. APPLAUSE

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Your bonuses are on films that have won

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the Academy Award for Best Foreign Language Film.

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In each case, give the English title under which the film was released,

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and the decade in which it was released.

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Firstly, Das Leben Der Anderen.

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-BOTH:

-The Lives Of Others.

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That was the 2000s.

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Yeah, The Lives Of Others in the noughties.

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That's correct, yes.

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Secondly, Voyna I Mir.

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-Any idea?

-No.

-Voyna I Mir...

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-Russian?

-Probably. Something Slavic.

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Yeah, pass.

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It's War And Peace in the 1960s.

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And, finally, La Vita E Bella.

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Life Is Beautiful, 1990s.

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Life Is Beautiful, 1990s.

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Correct. Ten points for this.

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With masses thought to be less than a millionth of that of an electron,

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what group of particles were the subject of research

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that earned Takaaki Kajita and Arthur McDonald...?

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-Neutrinos.

-Neutrinos is correct.

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APPLAUSE

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These bonuses, St John's,

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are on the early 20th-century political activist Annie Kenney.

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Born in Lancashire in 1879, Annie Kenney was a leading figure

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in which specific movement, known by a four-letter acronym?

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The Women's Social And Political Union.

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Um, The Women's Social And Political Union.

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Correct, yes.

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In her work in the WSPU, a biographer says that Kenney's value

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lay in her total and almost mystical devotion to which person,

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the eldest daughter of Emmeline Pankhurst?

0:11:000:11:03

It's either Sylvia or Christabel.

0:11:030:11:06

I think Sylvia was older.

0:11:060:11:08

Sylvia.

0:11:080:11:09

No, it's Christabel.

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And, finally, in Manchester in 1905,

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Kenney and Christabel Pankhurst were among the first suffragettes

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to be imprisoned after they heckled which Liberal politician,

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who became Foreign Secretary later that year?

0:11:210:11:23

-Was that Asquith? Was he a Liberal?

-What year?

-Er, 1905.

0:11:240:11:30

Yeah, try Asquith.

0:11:300:11:31

Asquith?

0:11:310:11:32

No, it was Sir Edward Grey.

0:11:320:11:34

Ten points for this.

0:11:340:11:35

Answer in French or in English.

0:11:350:11:37

Used in Bernard Shaw's Man And Superman,

0:11:370:11:40

in an imagined conversation between Don Juan and the devil,

0:11:400:11:44

what two-word term was also used by the philosopher Henri Bergson

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to refer to the impetus or spirit that animates living creatures?

0:11:480:11:52

Life force or vital force?

0:11:560:11:58

Life force is correct, the elan vital.

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APPLAUSE

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These bonuses on a theory of the origin of life, St John's.

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Independently put forward by Alexander Oparin and JBS Haldane,

0:12:070:12:12

what theory proposes that life began

0:12:120:12:14

in an ocean of organic molecules on ancient Earth?

0:12:140:12:17

-Oh, that's the primordial soup, something like that?

-Yeah.

0:12:180:12:22

Primordial Soup Theory?

0:12:220:12:23

Correct.

0:12:230:12:24

Published in 1953,

0:12:240:12:26

which experiment tried to test the Primordial Soup Theory

0:12:260:12:29

by sending electricity through a mixture

0:12:290:12:32

of water, methane, ammonia and hydrogen?

0:12:320:12:34

-Urey-Miller.

-Urey-Miller?

-Yeah.

0:12:360:12:39

Urey-Miller?

0:12:390:12:40

The Miller-Urey experiment, yes.

0:12:400:12:42

Which essential biomolecules

0:12:420:12:44

did Miller and Urey manage to synthesise in their experiment?

0:12:440:12:48

It was amino acids.

0:12:480:12:50

-Yeah, amino acids.

-Correct.

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Ten points for this.

0:12:520:12:53

In which present-day country is the city of Kalisz?

0:12:530:12:57

It gives its name to a statute of 1254 that defined freedoms

0:12:570:13:01

and safeguards for Jews granted by Duke Boleslaw The Chaste.

0:13:010:13:05

Poland?

0:13:090:13:10

Poland is correct.

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APPLAUSE

0:13:110:13:14

Your set of bonuses are on poetry.

0:13:140:13:16

In classical poetry,

0:13:160:13:18

the ode is a formal lyric poem with a three-part structure

0:13:180:13:21

of which the first two parts are the strophe and the antistrophe.

0:13:210:13:25

What name is given to the third part?

0:13:250:13:27

The panegyric? I haven't...

0:13:330:13:35

-Nominate McKeown.

-The panegyric?

0:13:350:13:37

No, it's the epode.

0:13:370:13:39

And, secondly, consisting of a verse of 11 lines

0:13:390:13:42

with the same phrase used in the 1st, 4th and 11th lines,

0:13:420:13:46

what poetic form was developed by Algernon Swinburne

0:13:460:13:50

for a collection of 1883?

0:13:500:13:52

No idea.

0:13:540:13:55

Pass.

0:13:550:13:57

That's a roundel.

0:13:570:13:58

And, finally, what poetic form of French origin

0:13:580:14:01

has its first and third lines each repeated three times

0:14:010:14:05

in a total length of 19 lines?

0:14:050:14:08

An example is Dylan Thomas's Do Not Go Gentle Into That Good Night.

0:14:080:14:12

Villanelle.

0:14:120:14:13

Villanelle.

0:14:130:14:15

Correct. APPLAUSE

0:14:150:14:16

We're going to take a music round now.

0:14:160:14:18

You're going to hear a piece of popular music.

0:14:180:14:20

For ten points, I'd like you to give me

0:14:200:14:22

the name of its original composer.

0:14:220:14:25

# Birds do it... #

0:14:250:14:27

-Cole Porter.

-Correct.

0:14:290:14:31

CHEERING AND APPLAUSE

0:14:310:14:33

OK, you're off the mark.

0:14:350:14:36

Your bonuses are three more performances

0:14:360:14:38

by Ella Fitzgerald of works from The Great American Songbook.

0:14:380:14:41

In each case, I want the name of the original songwriter

0:14:410:14:44

and the title of the song. Firstly...

0:14:440:14:47

# Dressed up like a million-dollar trooper

0:14:470:14:54

# Trying hard to look like Gary Cooper... #

0:14:540:14:57

Puttin' On The Ritz.

0:14:570:14:59

# Super duper

0:14:590:15:01

# Come, let's mix where Rockefellers... #

0:15:010:15:02

Puttin' On The Ritz by Irving Berlin.

0:15:020:15:04

Correct. Secondly...

0:15:040:15:06

WOMAN SCATTING

0:15:060:15:10

# It makes no difference if it's sweet or hot

0:15:190:15:23

# Just gave that rhythm everything you've got... #

0:15:230:15:26

RESUMES SCATTING

0:15:260:15:30

-Putting On The Ritz.

-No, we've had that.

0:15:310:15:34

No.

0:15:340:15:36

-Anything?

-No.

0:15:360:15:38

Sorry.

0:15:380:15:39

That was It Don't Mean A Thing (If It Ain't Got That Swing)

0:15:390:15:42

by Duke Ellington.

0:15:420:15:43

And, finally, I want the two writers and the title of this.

0:15:430:15:46

# And, oh, if we ever part

0:15:460:15:50

# Then that might break my heart

0:15:500:15:54

# So if you go for oysters

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# And I go for er-sters

0:15:570:15:59

# I'll order oysters

0:15:590:16:01

# And cancel the er-sters

0:16:010:16:02

# For we know we need each other... #

0:16:020:16:06

-It's Po-tay-to, Po-ta-to and...

-Who?

-It's...

0:16:060:16:09

-It's two writers.

-Let's Work The Whole Thing Out.

0:16:090:16:11

Let's Work The Whole Thing Out, who's that by?

0:16:110:16:14

Work The Whole Thing Out?

0:16:140:16:15

-It's the whole thing about two...

-No.

-Rodgers and Hammerstein.

0:16:150:16:19

Rodgers and Hammerstein, Work The Whole Thing Out.

0:16:190:16:21

No, you were getting there.

0:16:210:16:22

It's Let's Call The Whole Thing Off by George and Ira Gershwin.

0:16:220:16:25

Right, ten points for this.

0:16:250:16:26

Name either of the Nobel laureates in physiology or medicine

0:16:260:16:30

in 1923 who shared their prize-money

0:16:300:16:33

with Charles Best and Bertram Collip.

0:16:330:16:35

The award was made for the discovery of insulin.

0:16:350:16:39

-Banting.

-Correct.

0:16:390:16:41

Banting and the other one was Macleod.

0:16:410:16:44

Right, you get a set of bonuses this time

0:16:440:16:46

on the Biblical book of Judges, Ulster.

0:16:460:16:49

The only female judge,

0:16:490:16:51

which prophet led an attack against the forces of Canaan?

0:16:510:16:54

She gives her name to an oratorio of 1733 by Handel.

0:16:540:16:58

Handel...

0:16:580:17:00

Deborah, she was a judge.

0:17:000:17:02

That's the only one I can think of.

0:17:020:17:03

What about the Handel oratorio?

0:17:030:17:05

-I don't know a Handel oratorio about her.

-Go on.

0:17:050:17:07

Deborah.

0:17:070:17:08

Deborah is correct.

0:17:080:17:10

Secondly, which judge was sent by God to deliver

0:17:100:17:12

the Israelites from domination by the Moabites?

0:17:120:17:15

His name is the given name of two prime ministers of Israel

0:17:150:17:18

who served after 1999.

0:17:180:17:21

Given names?

0:17:220:17:24

Oh!

0:17:240:17:25

-Ariel?

-No...

-Ariel Sharon?

0:17:250:17:27

I think it's Ehud.

0:17:270:17:28

-Ehud.

-Correct.

0:17:280:17:30

Which judge won a decisive victory over a Midianite army?

0:17:300:17:35

His name was adopted

0:17:350:17:36

-by an international evangelical association...

-Gideon.

0:17:360:17:38

..founded in 1899.

0:17:380:17:40

-Gideon.

-Gideon is correct. Ten points for this.

0:17:400:17:43

Derived ultimately from the Greek for drum,

0:17:450:17:48

what six-letter word denotes

0:17:480:17:50

the quality or character of a sound?

0:17:500:17:53

-Timbre.

-Correct.

0:17:530:17:54

You get a set of bonuses on volcanoes this time.

0:17:580:18:01

Novarupta is in the Katmai National Park in which US state?

0:18:010:18:05

Its eruption in 1912 is often stated

0:18:050:18:08

as being the largest of the 20th century.

0:18:080:18:11

-Volcanoes in US states?

-What about the...?

0:18:110:18:13

Could it be in Alaska?

0:18:130:18:15

-Hawaii?

-Hawaii?

-It's possible.

0:18:150:18:18

Hawaii.

0:18:180:18:19

No, it's Alaska.

0:18:190:18:20

-Argh!

-Secondly, an eruption of...

0:18:200:18:22

-HE LAUGHS

-Sorry.

0:18:220:18:24

Take it easy!

0:18:240:18:26

Secondly, an eruption of Mount Pelee in 1902 killed about 30,000 people

0:18:260:18:31

on which Caribbean island situated between Dominica and Saint Lucia?

0:18:310:18:37

What about the one that Granada had? They had one.

0:18:370:18:40

Granada?

0:18:400:18:42

No, it's Martinique.

0:18:420:18:43

And, finally, eruptions of Mount Pinatubo

0:18:430:18:46

in 1991 and '92 caused devastation in which country

0:18:460:18:51

in addition to widespread stratospheric disturbances?

0:18:510:18:55

Would that be the one in Iceland, the ash cloud?

0:18:560:18:59

No, it's not the right name.

0:18:590:19:01

-It was somewhere in Indonesia.

-Indonesia?

0:19:010:19:04

Java or somewhere? Say Indonesia?

0:19:040:19:06

Indonesia.

0:19:060:19:08

No, it was the Philippines.

0:19:080:19:09

Ten points for this.

0:19:090:19:10

Josephine The Singer, Or The Mouse Folk

0:19:100:19:13

was the final fictional work of which author?

0:19:130:19:16

It appeared in a German language publication

0:19:160:19:19

known as the Prague Press some weeks before his death

0:19:190:19:22

in 1924. BUZZER

0:19:220:19:24

-Kafka?

-Kafka is correct.

0:19:240:19:26

Your bonuses, Ulster, are on organic chemistry.

0:19:290:19:32

In each case, I need the IUPAC name of the substance.

0:19:320:19:36

Firstly, I need you to spell a six-letter term here.

0:19:360:19:39

C6H5OH is the chemical formula of which white soluble substance,

0:19:390:19:46

also known as carbolic acid?

0:19:460:19:49

C6H5...

0:19:490:19:50

Is it Phenol?

0:19:500:19:52

-P-H-E-N-O-L.

-Six letters.

0:19:520:19:54

-Are you sure it's six letters in it?

-P-H-E-N-O-L.

0:19:540:19:56

P-H-E-N-O-L.

0:19:560:19:57

Correct.

0:19:570:19:59

Phenyl, P-H-E-N-Y-L,

0:19:590:20:02

is a group formed from which aromatic hydrocarbon

0:20:020:20:06

by the removal of one hydrogen atom?

0:20:060:20:09

Phenylalanine, is that from...?

0:20:090:20:11

Aromatic... Aromatic hydrocarbon?

0:20:110:20:13

Could it be benzene, or...?

0:20:130:20:15

Um...

0:20:150:20:17

Phenylalanine.

0:20:170:20:19

-Is that what we say? Is it aromatic?

-I don't know.

0:20:190:20:23

-Benzene?

-Correct.

0:20:230:20:25

Also known as amino benzene,

0:20:250:20:28

which colourless, oily, organic compound has the formula C6H5NH2?

0:20:280:20:33

It's used in the manufacture of synthetic dyes.

0:20:330:20:36

-Aniline.

-Correct.

0:20:360:20:38

We're going to take another picture round now.

0:20:380:20:41

For your picture starter, you're going to see a still

0:20:410:20:43

from a television series. Ten points if you can name it, please.

0:20:430:20:46

BUZZER

0:20:470:20:49

Mad Men?

0:20:490:20:51

Nope. BUZZER

0:20:510:20:53

Twin Peaks?

0:20:530:20:54

Twin Peaks is right, yes.

0:20:540:20:55

It was co-created, co-written and co-directed by David Lynch.

0:20:580:21:02

Your picture bonuses show three more examples of directors

0:21:020:21:05

primarily known for feature films working on the small screen.

0:21:050:21:08

This time, I want both the title of the show

0:21:080:21:11

and the director in question.

0:21:110:21:13

Firstly for five, this show

0:21:130:21:14

and the man who directed its opening episodes.

0:21:140:21:17

He continues to be one of the executive producers of the show.

0:21:170:21:20

House... That's House Of Cards.

0:21:200:21:22

Who executive produces?

0:21:220:21:24

Obviously, written by Michael Dobbs. Did he do the production?

0:21:240:21:26

Director, it's the director of the first episodes of it.

0:21:260:21:30

We need the director.

0:21:300:21:32

House Of Cards, Michael Dobbs.

0:21:320:21:34

Nope, it's House Of Cards and David Fincher.

0:21:340:21:38

Secondly, this show and the Oscar-nominated director

0:21:380:21:40

who co-created, co-writes and co-directs it.

0:21:400:21:44

It's something like On The Shore. It was set in New Zealand.

0:21:440:21:48

Erm... So a New Zealand director, do you know any?

0:21:480:21:51

Jane Campion, maybe? Try that.

0:21:510:21:54

She's a New Zealander.

0:21:540:21:56

On The Shore, Jane Campion?

0:21:560:21:58

It's Top Of The Lake, Jane Campion.

0:21:580:22:00

And, finally, this show and its Oscar-winning executive producer.

0:22:000:22:04

He also directed the pilot.

0:22:040:22:06

It's Boardwalk Empire.

0:22:060:22:08

A director?

0:22:100:22:11

Scorsese? Try Scorsese.

0:22:140:22:16

Boardwalk Empire, Scorsese.

0:22:160:22:17

Correct.

0:22:170:22:18

Right, we're going to take another starter question now.

0:22:180:22:21

From the Russian meaning east,

0:22:210:22:23

what was the name of the spacecraft in which, on April the 12th 1961,

0:22:230:22:28

Yuri Gagarin orbited the Earth for 108 minutes?

0:22:280:22:32

Soyuz.

0:22:330:22:35

No, anyone like to buzz from St John's?

0:22:350:22:37

Meer?

0:22:380:22:40

No, it's Vostok 1.

0:22:400:22:41

Ten points for this.

0:22:410:22:42

Which state of India contains Cape Comorin,

0:22:420:22:45

the southernmost point of the Indian Peninsula?

0:22:450:22:47

-Tamil Nadu.

-Correct.

0:22:490:22:51

You get three bonuses on the Danish author Karen Blixen.

0:22:540:22:58

Many of Karen Blixen's well-known works were published under

0:22:580:23:01

what pseudonym, especially in the United States?

0:23:010:23:04

-It's like Dinesen? Dinen-sen?

-Dinesen.

0:23:040:23:07

Dinesen.

0:23:070:23:08

-Isak Dinesen.

-Correct.

0:23:080:23:10

Secondly, a film based on which of Blixen's short stories

0:23:100:23:14

won the Academy Award for Best Foreign Film in 1988?

0:23:140:23:17

The story concerns a French refugee who prepares a meal for her

0:23:170:23:21

Danish neighbours after she wins the lottery.

0:23:210:23:24

No. I'm not good on Danish literature.

0:23:260:23:28

Er... Pass.

0:23:280:23:30

That was Babette's Feast.

0:23:300:23:31

And, finally, who won an Academy Award for directing

0:23:310:23:34

the 1985 film Out Of Africa,

0:23:340:23:36

partly based on Blixen's memoir of her life in a colonial Africa?

0:23:360:23:41

Who could that be? Someone like...

0:23:410:23:43

David Lean or is that too...?

0:23:430:23:45

I don't know. Starring Meryl Streep.

0:23:450:23:47

-No, it wouldn't be David Lean, would it?

-No. I don't know.

0:23:470:23:51

-Come on.

-John Ford?

-Er, John Ford?

0:23:510:23:53

No, it was Sydney Pollack.

0:23:530:23:54

There are about four minutes to go and ten points for this.

0:23:540:23:56

In organic chemistry, what compound has the empirical formula H2CO?

0:23:560:24:01

In aqueous solution,

0:24:010:24:03

it's been used extensively to preserve biological specimens.

0:24:030:24:07

-Formalin.

-Yes.

-Formaldehyde, sorry.

0:24:070:24:09

Yeah, I'll accept that, formalin.

0:24:090:24:11

Here are a set of bonuses for you on cities in the UK, Ulster.

0:24:140:24:18

Of the seven places in Scotland with official city status,

0:24:180:24:22

which is the most remote in the sense that its distance

0:24:220:24:25

from the nearest of the other six is the greatest?

0:24:250:24:28

I'd say it's Inverness. That's miles from anywhere.

0:24:290:24:32

-Inverness.

-Correct.

0:24:320:24:33

By the same measure, which is the most remote

0:24:330:24:36

of the five official cities of Northern Ireland?

0:24:360:24:39

Erm...

0:24:400:24:41

It's probably Derry.

0:24:410:24:43

-There's Newry, Belfast...

-Lisburn.

0:24:430:24:45

Derry.

0:24:450:24:46

It is Derry, yes.

0:24:460:24:47

Similarly, which is the most remote of the six cities of Wales

0:24:470:24:51

irrespective of whether English cities

0:24:510:24:53

are considered as possible neighbours?

0:24:530:24:55

-Irrespective?

-Aberystwyth, because it's...

-Could be.

0:24:550:24:57

-What about St David's?

-Caernarfon.

0:24:570:25:00

-Caernarfon.

-Is that a city?

0:25:000:25:02

Yeah, I think so. It's got a castle in it.

0:25:020:25:04

St David's is a city as well.

0:25:040:25:05

St David's.

0:25:050:25:07

It is St David's.

0:25:070:25:08

Ten points for this.

0:25:100:25:12

Derived ultimately from the Greek for something assumed,

0:25:120:25:15

what term is used to describe a subsidiary theorem

0:25:150:25:18

of a more complicated proof,

0:25:180:25:19

particularly in mathematics?

0:25:190:25:22

-Lemma.

-Correct.

0:25:220:25:24

These bonuses are on the 17th-century parliamentarian

0:25:270:25:30

John Pym.

0:25:300:25:31

Firstly, in January 1642, Charles I attempted to arrest

0:25:310:25:36

for treason how many members of the House of Commons,

0:25:360:25:39

John Pym among them, in an act that precipitated the Civil War?

0:25:390:25:42

Hmm... Was it, like, 40?

0:25:450:25:47

-Something like that, yeah.

-Probably has a good name.

0:25:470:25:50

-Come on.

-40?

0:25:500:25:51

No, it was five.

0:25:510:25:53

In 1626, Pym played a major part in the attempted impeachment

0:25:530:25:57

of which royal favourite, assassinated two years later?

0:25:570:26:00

Duke of Buckingham.

0:26:000:26:02

-The Duke of Buckingham.

-Correct.

0:26:020:26:04

Which leading adviser of Charles I did Pym call "the wicked earl"?

0:26:040:26:08

He was executed for treason in 1641.

0:26:080:26:11

-I don't know.

-Is it the Earl of Stratford?

0:26:120:26:15

Could be.

0:26:150:26:16

The Earl of Stratford?

0:26:160:26:17

The Earl of Stratford is correct.

0:26:170:26:19

Ten points for this.

0:26:190:26:20

The words dreary and weary appear in the first line of which 1845 poem?

0:26:200:26:26

Its title character appears tapping at the chamber door and regularly...

0:26:260:26:31

The Raven by Poe.

0:26:310:26:33

Yes, you're right. 15 points for these bonuses.

0:26:330:26:36

They're on Italian composers.

0:26:360:26:38

Which composer died at his villa in Passy on the outskirts

0:26:380:26:41

of Paris in November 1868?

0:26:410:26:44

His remains were later reinterred

0:26:440:26:46

at the Basilica of Santa Croce in Florence.

0:26:460:26:49

-Is it Paganini?

-I don't know.

0:26:490:26:53

-Paganini.

-No, it was Rossini.

0:26:530:26:55

Which composer revised a piece originally written to commemorate

0:26:550:26:58

Rossini for his requiem for the poet Alessandro Manzoni?

0:26:580:27:03

It was first performed in 1874.

0:27:030:27:05

-Manzoni...

-Could be Verdi?

-Try that.

0:27:070:27:10

-Giuseppe Verdi.

-Correct.

0:27:100:27:12

Which composer adapted melodies by Rossini for the 1918 ballet

0:27:120:27:16

La Boutique Fantasque, or The Magic Toyshop,

0:27:160:27:19

choreographed by Leonide Massine?

0:27:190:27:22

-Was it Puccini? He was... Go for it?

-Yeah.

0:27:220:27:26

Puccini.

0:27:260:27:27

No, it's Respighi. GONG

0:27:270:27:29

And at the gong, Ulster University have 130,

0:27:290:27:32

but St John's College, Cambridge, have 185.

0:27:320:27:35

Well, Ulster, you're going to have to come back again

0:27:350:27:37

and you're going to have to win to stay in the game,

0:27:370:27:40

but it was an absolute treat to hear a man from Fraserburgh...

0:27:400:27:42

-You're from Fraserburgh, aren't you?

-Peterhead.

-Peterhead, sorry, yes,

0:27:420:27:46

describing Inverness as being miles from anywhere!

0:27:460:27:48

LAUGHTER Very good.

0:27:480:27:51

St John's, many congratulations.

0:27:510:27:53

Another storming performance from you.

0:27:530:27:54

We shall look forward to seeing you again, too.

0:27:540:27:57

You only have to win one more time to go through to the semifinals.

0:27:570:28:01

I hope you can join us next time for another quarterfinal,

0:28:010:28:04

-but until then, it's goodbye from Ulster University. ALL:

-Goodbye.

0:28:040:28:07

-It's goodbye from St John's College, Cambridge. ALL:

-Goodbye.

0:28:070:28:10

And it's goodbye from me, goodbye.

0:28:100:28:12

Pressure is mounting as the quarter-finals continue in the quiz for students. Jeremy Paxman asks the questions.