Ar ol hoe fach dros yr haf mae Ffermio yn ol gyda chyfres newydd. In the first of a new series, Alun is at the Gower Show and we look at the effects of using antibiotics in agri...
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-Hello and welcome to Ffermio.
-I hope you've had a good summer.
-I know one family that has had
-an exceptional summer...
-and her husband, Gary.
-Congratulations to them on the birth
-of their daughter, Sioned Ann.
-Knowing her parents,
-it won't be long...
-..before she exhibits
-at an agricultural show...
-..which brings us
-to my location today.
-The Gower Show
-at Penrice Castle Park, Swansea.
-As with any good show...
-..this one reflects
-the wealth of local flora and fauna.
-Yes, there's lots to do here.
-In a while, we follow one family
-as they compete at the Gower Show.
-But first, the dairy industry,
-which has faced challenges of late.
-Daloni met one family
-that has made a unique investment...
-..in order to respond
-to those challenges.
-Madryn Isaf Farm, near Boduan
-on the Lleyn Peninsula.
-It's home to Sion and Nia Jones
-and children Ela, Tomos and Anna.
-It's a 120-acre dairy farm...
-..which the family has farmed
-for 14 years.
-Madryn Isaf is a council farm.
-It came up for rent
-and we decided to apply for it.
-We milk a maximum of 80 cattle...
-..from a total herd of 120,
-if you include all the heifers.
-I had never milked
-before I came here.
-Milking was new to me.
-We risked everything, to be honest.
-We sold our house in Cwm Pennant
-in order to start here.
-I was raised on a dairy farm.
-I was used to the life.
-I'd have learnt my lesson!
-has always been a passion of mine.
-I love milking.
-But it has been tough.
-We had to start with nothing.
-Until recently, all their milk
-went to South Caernarfon Creameries.
-But for a few weeks...
-..they have processed
-and bottled some of their milk...
-..and sold it directly to shops.
-We decided to do it...
-..in order to try
-to regain control of the price.
-The supermarkets are selling milk
-as if it was a worthless commodity.
-Good milk has so much value.
-It's so nutritious.
-How much do you get per litre
-at the moment?
-It's about 15 pence,
-half of what we got two years ago.
-Keeping a dairy cow takes work.
-It's like an Olympic athlete.
-It works hard
-and you must look after it.
-How much milk is produced here
-and what happens to the rest?
-At the moment,
-a third of our milk is bottled.
-The rest goes to make cheese
-at South Caernarfon Creameries.
-But we hope
-that more and more of our milk...
-..will be bottled and sold
-under the Llaethdy Llyn label.
-The milk produced in the morning
-is bottled by mid-afternoon.
-It will be sent out to the shops
-either that day or next morning.
-The dairy is located
-five miles from the farm.
-They have a purpose-built tank
-to transport the milk there.
-They have had support from Cywain
-in order to market the milk.
-Currently, Sion, Nia, Tomos
-and two others work full-time here.
-What exactly happens?
-It comes in through the pipe
-into this, the pasteurizer.
-The next step
-depends on which milk we want.
-This is the separator,
-which skims the cream from the milk.
-The skimmed milk comes directly
-from that through into this.
-This is skimmed milk.
-And that's it?
-And that's it?
-may have just started...
-..but the bottles are already seen
-on the shelves in local shops.
-I'm very pleased
-to be able to buy milk from them.
-I like to buy locally if I can.
-They're a young local family...
-..and it's high-quality milk.
-I think the market is there.
-People are willing to pay
-for good stuff.
-It's a local product
-from Lleyn Peninsula cattle.
-They're docile cattle, Sion,
-and the pasture is lush.
-It's the cheapest feed there is,
-and the best feed as well!
-Are they kept outside?
-Are they kept outside?
-Yes, I like to see them outside.
-Most are Holstein Friesians.
-Yes, but we have started crossing...
-..with Norwegian Reds
-and Swedish Reds...
-..to improve herd health.
-They have been bred to be healthier.
-How much milk
-do they produce a week?
-Over a year,
-we're up at 7,500 to 8,000 litres.
-The challenge taken on
-at Madryn Isaf is a huge venture.
-But Sion and Nia's passion is clear.
-The reason we're doing it...
-..is to provide a future
-for the next generation.
-We're quite passionate
-about what we do.
-We believe that we produce milk
-of a high quality.
-I remember seeing South Caernarfon
-Creameries cheese and milk...
-..on the shelves in shops
-and thinking to myself...
-..that our cows' milk
-was in those bottles and packages.
-It was a good feeling,
-it really was.
-It's the same now.
-It's very special...
-..to see our produce
-on local shelves.
-That's what I look forward to
-more than anything.
-We wish them every success.
-Back here on the Gower,
-the sun is shining.
-to finish the summer's work.
-However, most people here
-aren't thinking about work...
-..but about enjoying and competing.
-We're following the Roberts family
-as they compete in many categories.
-Arwel and Rhys Roberts have
-a big interest in keeping poultry.
-In the past, they kept the hens
-in a field near their home.
-But the hens are now back home,
-in the family garden in Glanamman.
-Our interest grew from the fact
-that we had a field.
-We then brought them back here.
-We hatch, rear and sell chicks,
-and we've now gone into showing.
-My friends are on their computers
-or playing Xbox.
-But I prefer being outside
-doing the things I like.
-Poultry, rugby, things like that.
-As you would expect, the parents
-are supportive of all the children.
-My wife, Marie, and I
-were both raised on a farm.
-It's bound to be in their blood.
-We went to the sale in Ffair-fach
-and initially bought a few chickens.
-As you've seen today,
-we now have a few more!
-But Mam wants her garden back.
-Yes, high time too.
-But we'll see
-what the field situation is.
-You can have it next year.
-The boys exhibit at numerous shows,
-but each has his own expertise.
-Arwel favours ducks,
-while Rhys cares for the hens.
-These are Silver Sebrights.
-The judge will be looking
-for a purple face...
-..with purple eyes.
-There shouldn't be
-any black spots...
-..in the middle of the feathers.
-The claws should be grey.
-Her eyes are closed
-because she's enjoying the makeover.
-This is a white Call Drake.
-The judge will be looking
-for a small beak...
-..round blue eyes, large cheeks...
-..very white plumage
-and orange legs.
-I wash them in a mix of water
-and my own secret liquid.
-Finally, I go over the plumage
-with a silk cloth.
-I'll also put butter and oil
-on the beak and legs for the show.
-The youngest child, Megan,
-is also a keen competitor...
-..but poultry isn't her thing.
-to the Gower Show on Sunday...
-..with my guinea pig,
-who's called Winnie.
-She's a Teddy Bear breed.
-I don't know why
-my brothers keep ducks and hens.
-I don't like them.
-Their claws stick into you...
-..and they're dirty.
-Megan clearly prefers
-her guinea pig.
-But whatever their tastes...
-..they're looking forward
-to competing at the Gower Show.
-Last year, I had two firsts...
-..two seconds and one third.
-I got two firsts, one second
-and one juvenile championship.
-I hope to get the juvenile champion
-again, and the open champion.
-They work well together,
-especially at show time.
-They pull together.
-The whole family
-pulls together, really.
-Mind you, there'll be a lot of talk
-around the supper table on Saturday.
-Who'll win what and so on.
-I'll guarantee you that Megan will
-pipe up about her guinea pig too!
-I wouldn't change anything.
-I know it has cost a lot...
-..but the dream is always there.
-They have clearly
-We'll see how they get on
-after the break.
-We'll also discuss the overuse
-of antibiotics in agriculture.
-There's lots more to come,
-so we'll see you in two minutes.
-As you can see,
-this place is full of people.
-They've come to see the horses,
-the cattle, sheep and pigs.
-Before the break,
-we met the Roberts family.
-How are their competitions
-The first member
-of the Roberts family...
-..we're going to hear about
-How did it go?
-How did it go?
-It's gone very well today.
-I've won reserve champion
-in the juvenile under 16.
-I've got a second place
-and a special.
-In the open against everyone, I won
-one first, one second and a third...
-..and a reserve champion there too.
-You've won almost everything!
-You've won almost everything!
-I came in and I saw
-that I had got a first place.
-Yes. How did that feel?
-That made me happy.
-I thought you had two of these.
-Where's the other?
-I couldn't bring the other one
-as she's having a baby.
-She's in the car.
-We'll look forward to more competing
-with more of them.
-Rhys, I can see you've won
-a few prizes. Tell us more.
-I've got five firsts, two seconds
-and one third place.
-Amongst the five firsts, I went on
-to win the juvenile championship.
-It's been worth getting up early.
-When did you get up?
-I was up at 6.30am.
-Are you tired?
-Are you tired?
-It's been a good day.
-You've all had a good day.
-The UK Government recently announced
-the results of the O'Neill report...
-..which considered the overuse
-of antibiotics in the NHS...
-..with a small section
-This will affect doctors, vets
-and animal treatment providers...
-..but how will it affect
-Daloni has been to find out more.
-The overuse of antibiotics
-across the world...
-..has led to a number of diseases
-and bacteria resistant to drugs.
-This can affect the health of people
-How serious is the situation?
-Here's Dr Angharad Davies
-from Swansea University.
-Some bacteria have developed
-resistance to many antibiotics.
-There are two groups in particular
-that we're worried about.
-These are drugs we use
-for very ill people...
-..in intensive care units and so on.
-The groups are called carbapenem
-These two are used
-when people are very ill...
-..and everything else has failed.
-For a few years...
-..we've started seeing bacteria
-that resist the carbapenem.
-We've being rummaging in the back
-of the drawer to find colistin.
-We stopped using it in the 1970s...
-..due to side effects
-in the nervous system and kidneys.
-Now, we're using it more and more
-because there's nothing else.
-Clearly, antibiotics are vital
-for medical treatments.
-They are also very important
-Here's the vet, Ifan Lloyd.
-In the UK,
-around 40% of antibiotics...
-..are used in animals.
-Around 75% of those used in animals
-are used in pigs and chickens.
-The way antibiotics
-are used in pigs and chickens...
-..is quite different
-to how they're used in people.
-antibiotics are used individually.
-In pigs and chickens, they're used
-as population medicine.
-Illtud Dunsford farms pigs
-near Pontyates, Llanelli.
-What are the advantages
-for a producer...
-..to use pig feed with antibiotics?
-As the rules change
-in terms of antibiotic use...
-..it will have very little effect
-on our business.
-At the moment,
-we don't use that kind of feed.
-that includes antibiotics...
-..has been designed
-for a specific method of farming.
-Systems where chickens or pigs
-are kept in a confined space.
-That's because there's a lot more
-bacteria and diseases.
-help minimise the bacteria...
-..but also promote
-growth in the animal.
-Not everyone uses feed
-that has antibiotics.
-Since 2006, use of antibiotics has
-been cut down drastically in Europe.
-farms in southern England.
-He is the chairman of RUMA...
-..the Responsible Use of Medicine
-in Agriculture Alliance.
-Here is their response
-to the report.
-There isn't much contribution to the
-problem from agriculture generally.
-This is a people problem.
-The important thing is that we
-respond to what O'Neill says.
-The government wants us to improve
-and do better than we are doing.
-That's not just a challenge for us.
-There is space to do better here.
-I think the farmers
-will be able to meet this challenge.
-The O'Neill report is about
-the worldwide antibiotics situation.
-Is there a worry
-that some countries...
-..will take it more seriously
-In terms of farms
-similar to ours across Europe...
-..very few of us
-use feed with antibiotics.
-It's more standard practice
-in other countries.
-North America, South America,
-..are the places where you see
-..that use that type of feed.
-We now have to think
-..as a worldwide industry,
-not a local one.
-If other countries use systems
-which are expensive but effective...
-..that can affect
-the international markets.
-It makes you think
-about whether we can compete.
-Are there steps
-that could be used on farms...
-..in order to avoid
-having to use antibiotics?
-There are a lot of things we can do.
-The first thing with stock movement
-is good-quality biosecurity.
-If people come to the farm...
-..they should wash their feet
-..so diseases aren't spread
-from farm to farm.
-It's important to keep the animals
-in a healthy condition.
-We farm to a very high standard
-in this country.
-We shouldn't forget that.
-There's a cross here
-between welfare and antibiotics.
-We shouldn't cut things down too far
-and the animals start to suffer.
-It's important that as an industry
-we work with each other...
-..as farmers and vets,
-and the government too...
-..across the UK and Europe.
-This is a challenge for us.
-It's a situation the whole world
-needs to get to grips with.
-It's also important
-that we as vets work with doctors...
-..to ensure that we can provide
-..not just now
-but also in the future.
-We have to think about
-the next generation.
-We have taken advantage of huge
-advances in medicine and surgery.
-We want them
-to be able to give birth safely...
-..and have safe intensive care
-and safe surgeries.
-The worry is that if there isn't
-international action on this...
-..those could all be in danger.
-There's a variety of sheep here,
-from continental to native breeds.
-There are Welsh Mountain Sheep
-here on the seaside.
-At this point, as a programme...
-..we have to apologise to
-Richard Williams and his family...
-..for a misconception
-we gave earlier in the summer.
-They hold the record for the breed's
-highest price at 29,000 guineas.
-That was for a ram back in 2006
-at Dolgellau market.
-We look forward to more success
-from them during the autumn sales.
-back to the Gower Peninsula.
-This is the 99th show
-to be held here close to Swansea.
-The organisers ensured that there
-is something here for everyone.
-Emily Broomhead, congratulations.
-I would say it's been a good day.
-You're one of the organisers.
-What do you think?
-We've had a very good time.
-The show has been fantastic.
-The show is a special time.
-It's a chance for Gower farmers
-to show people from Swansea...
-..what's on their doorstep.
-That's it for this programme.
-I have to admit,
-the Gower Show has been superb.
-The weather has been great
-and the location superb.
-There's something about the way town
-and country have come together here.
-It shows the way forward
-for our industry.
-That's it for now, from me
-and the rest of the Ffermio team...
-..thanks for your company
-S4C Subtitles by Testun Cyf.
Ar ol hoe fach dros yr haf mae Ffermio yn ol gyda chyfres newydd. In the first of a new series, Alun is at the Gower Show and we look at the effects of using antibiotics in agriculture.