Mon, 15 Aug 2016 Ffermio


Mon, 15 Aug 2016

Ar ol hoe fach dros yr haf mae Ffermio yn ol gyda chyfres newydd. In the first of a new series, Alun is at the Gower Show and we look at the effects of using antibiotics in agri...


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-Hello and welcome to Ffermio.

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-I hope you've had a good summer.

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-I know one family that has had

-an exceptional summer...

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-..Meinir Howells

-and her husband, Gary.

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-Congratulations to them on the birth

-of their daughter, Sioned Ann.

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-Knowing her parents,

-it won't be long...

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-..before she exhibits

-at an agricultural show...

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-..which brings us

-to my location today.

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-The Gower Show

-at Penrice Castle Park, Swansea.

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-As with any good show...

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-..this one reflects

-the wealth of local flora and fauna.

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-Yes, there's lots to do here.

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-In a while, we follow one family

-as they compete at the Gower Show.

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-But first, the dairy industry,

-which has faced challenges of late.

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-Daloni met one family

-that has made a unique investment...

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-..in order to respond

-to those challenges.

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-Madryn Isaf Farm, near Boduan

-on the Lleyn Peninsula.

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-It's home to Sion and Nia Jones

-and children Ela, Tomos and Anna.

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-It's a 120-acre dairy farm...

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-..which the family has farmed

-for 14 years.

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-Madryn Isaf is a council farm.

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-It came up for rent

-and we decided to apply for it.

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-We milk a maximum of 80 cattle...

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-..from a total herd of 120,

-if you include all the heifers.

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-I had never milked

-before I came here.

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-Milking was new to me.

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-We risked everything, to be honest.

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-We sold our house in Cwm Pennant

-in order to start here.

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-I was raised on a dairy farm.

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-I was used to the life.

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-You'd think

-I'd have learnt my lesson!

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-But farming

-has always been a passion of mine.

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-I love milking.

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-But it has been tough.

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-We had to start with nothing.

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-Until recently, all their milk

-went to South Caernarfon Creameries.

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-But for a few weeks...

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-..they have processed

-and bottled some of their milk...

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-..and sold it directly to shops.

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-We decided to do it...

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-..in order to try

-to regain control of the price.

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-The supermarkets are selling milk

-as if it was a worthless commodity.

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-Good milk has so much value.

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-It's so nutritious.

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-How much do you get per litre

-at the moment?

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-It's about 15 pence,

-half of what we got two years ago.

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-Keeping a dairy cow takes work.

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-It's like an Olympic athlete.

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-It works hard

-and you must look after it.

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-How much milk is produced here

-and what happens to the rest?

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-At the moment,

-a third of our milk is bottled.

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-The rest goes to make cheese

-at South Caernarfon Creameries.

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-But we hope

-that more and more of our milk...

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-..will be bottled and sold

-under the Llaethdy Llyn label.

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-The milk produced in the morning

-is bottled by mid-afternoon.

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-It will be sent out to the shops

-either that day or next morning.

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-The dairy is located

-five miles from the farm.

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-They have a purpose-built tank

-to transport the milk there.

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-They have had support from Cywain

-in order to market the milk.

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-Currently, Sion, Nia, Tomos

-and two others work full-time here.

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-What exactly happens?

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-It comes in through the pipe

-into this, the pasteurizer.

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-The next step

-depends on which milk we want.

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-This is the separator,

-which skims the cream from the milk.

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-The skimmed milk comes directly

-from that through into this.

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-This is skimmed milk.

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-And that's it?

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-And that's it?

-

-Yes.

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-Llaethdy Llyn

-may have just started...

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-..but the bottles are already seen

-on the shelves in local shops.

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-I'm very pleased

-to be able to buy milk from them.

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-I like to buy locally if I can.

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-They're a young local family...

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-..and it's high-quality milk.

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-I think the market is there.

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-People are willing to pay

-for good stuff.

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-It's a local product

-from Lleyn Peninsula cattle.

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-They're docile cattle, Sion,

-and the pasture is lush.

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-Yes.

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-It's the cheapest feed there is,

-and the best feed as well!

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-Are they kept outside?

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-Are they kept outside?

-

-Yes, I like to see them outside.

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-Most are Holstein Friesians.

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-Yes, but we have started crossing...

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-..with Norwegian Reds

-and Swedish Reds...

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-..to improve herd health.

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-They have been bred to be healthier.

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-How much milk

-do they produce a week?

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-Over a year,

-we're up at 7,500 to 8,000 litres.

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-The challenge taken on

-at Madryn Isaf is a huge venture.

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-But Sion and Nia's passion is clear.

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-The reason we're doing it...

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-..is to provide a future

-for the next generation.

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-We're quite passionate

-about what we do.

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-We believe that we produce milk

-of a high quality.

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-I remember seeing South Caernarfon

-Creameries cheese and milk...

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-..on the shelves in shops

-and thinking to myself...

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-..that our cows' milk

-was in those bottles and packages.

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-It was a good feeling,

-it really was.

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-It's the same now.

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-It's very special...

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-..to see our produce

-on local shelves.

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-That's what I look forward to

-more than anything.

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-We wish them every success.

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-Back here on the Gower,

-the sun is shining.

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-Ideal weather

-to finish the summer's work.

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-However, most people here

-aren't thinking about work...

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-..but about enjoying and competing.

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-We're following the Roberts family

-as they compete in many categories.

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-Arwel and Rhys Roberts have

-a big interest in keeping poultry.

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-In the past, they kept the hens

-in a field near their home.

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-But the hens are now back home,

-in the family garden in Glanamman.

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-Our interest grew from the fact

-that we had a field.

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-We then brought them back here.

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-We hatch, rear and sell chicks,

-and we've now gone into showing.

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-My friends are on their computers

-or playing Xbox.

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-But I prefer being outside

-doing the things I like.

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-Poultry, rugby, things like that.

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-As you would expect, the parents

-are supportive of all the children.

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-My wife, Marie, and I

-were both raised on a farm.

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-It's bound to be in their blood.

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-We went to the sale in Ffair-fach

-and initially bought a few chickens.

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-As you've seen today,

-we now have a few more!

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-But Mam wants her garden back.

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-Yes, high time too.

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-But we'll see

-what the field situation is.

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-You can have it next year.

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-The boys exhibit at numerous shows,

-but each has his own expertise.

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-Arwel favours ducks,

-while Rhys cares for the hens.

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-These are Silver Sebrights.

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-The judge will be looking

-for a purple face...

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-..with purple eyes.

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-There shouldn't be

-any black spots...

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-..in the middle of the feathers.

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-The claws should be grey.

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-Her eyes are closed

-because she's enjoying the makeover.

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-This is a white Call Drake.

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-The judge will be looking

-for a small beak...

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-..round blue eyes, large cheeks...

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-..very white plumage

-and orange legs.

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-I wash them in a mix of water

-and my own secret liquid.

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-Finally, I go over the plumage

-with a silk cloth.

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-I'll also put butter and oil

-on the beak and legs for the show.

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-The youngest child, Megan,

-is also a keen competitor...

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-..but poultry isn't her thing.

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-I'm going

-to the Gower Show on Sunday...

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-..with my guinea pig,

-who's called Winnie.

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-She's a Teddy Bear breed.

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-I don't know why

-my brothers keep ducks and hens.

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-I don't like them.

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-Their claws stick into you...

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-..and they're dirty.

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-Megan clearly prefers

-her guinea pig.

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-But whatever their tastes...

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-..they're looking forward

-to competing at the Gower Show.

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-Last year, I had two firsts...

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-..two seconds and one third.

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-I got two firsts, one second

-and one juvenile championship.

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-I hope to get the juvenile champion

-again, and the open champion.

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-They work well together,

-especially at show time.

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-They pull together.

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-The whole family

-pulls together, really.

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-Mind you, there'll be a lot of talk

-around the supper table on Saturday.

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-Who'll win what and so on.

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-I'll guarantee you that Megan will

-pipe up about her guinea pig too!

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-I wouldn't change anything.

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-I know it has cost a lot...

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-..but the dream is always there.

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-They have clearly

-prepared thoroughly.

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-We'll see how they get on

-after the break.

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-We'll also discuss the overuse

-of antibiotics in agriculture.

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-There's lots more to come,

-so we'll see you in two minutes.

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-.

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-Subtitles

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-Subtitles

-

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-Welcome back.

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-As you can see,

-this place is full of people.

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-They've come to see the horses,

-the cattle, sheep and pigs.

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-Before the break,

-we met the Roberts family.

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-How are their competitions

-coming along?

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-The first member

-of the Roberts family...

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-..we're going to hear about

-is Arwel.

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-How did it go?

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-How did it go?

-

-It's gone very well today.

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-I've won reserve champion

-in the juvenile under 16.

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-I've got a second place

-and a special.

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-In the open against everyone, I won

-one first, one second and a third...

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-..and a reserve champion there too.

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-You've won almost everything!

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-You've won almost everything!

-

-Yes.

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-I came in and I saw

-that I had got a first place.

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-Yes. How did that feel?

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-That made me happy.

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-I thought you had two of these.

-Where's the other?

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-I couldn't bring the other one

-as she's having a baby.

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-She's in the car.

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-Congratulations.

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-Thanks.

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-We'll look forward to more competing

-with more of them.

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-Rhys, I can see you've won

-a few prizes. Tell us more.

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-I've got five firsts, two seconds

-and one third place.

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-Amongst the five firsts, I went on

-to win the juvenile championship.

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-It's been worth getting up early.

-When did you get up?

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-I was up at 6.30am.

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-Are you tired?

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-Are you tired?

-

-Yes.

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-It's been a good day.

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-You've all had a good day.

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-The UK Government recently announced

-the results of the O'Neill report...

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-..which considered the overuse

-of antibiotics in the NHS...

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-..with a small section

-discussing agriculture.

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-This will affect doctors, vets

-and animal treatment providers...

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-..but how will it affect

-agriculture?

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-Daloni has been to find out more.

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-The overuse of antibiotics

-across the world...

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-..has led to a number of diseases

-and bacteria resistant to drugs.

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-This can affect the health of people

-and animals.

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-How serious is the situation?

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-Here's Dr Angharad Davies

-from Swansea University.

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-Some bacteria have developed

-resistance to many antibiotics.

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-There are two groups in particular

-that we're worried about.

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-These are drugs we use

-for very ill people...

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-..in intensive care units and so on.

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-The groups are called carbapenem

-and colistin.

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-These two are used

-when people are very ill...

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-..and everything else has failed.

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-For a few years...

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-..we've started seeing bacteria

-that resist the carbapenem.

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-We've being rummaging in the back

-of the drawer to find colistin.

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-We stopped using it in the 1970s...

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-..due to side effects

-in the nervous system and kidneys.

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-Now, we're using it more and more

-because there's nothing else.

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-Clearly, antibiotics are vital

-for medical treatments.

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-They are also very important

-in agriculture.

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-Here's the vet, Ifan Lloyd.

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-In the UK,

-around 40% of antibiotics...

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-..are used in animals.

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-Around 75% of those used in animals

-are used in pigs and chickens.

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-The way antibiotics

-are used in pigs and chickens...

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-..is quite different

-to how they're used in people.

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-With people,

-antibiotics are used individually.

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-In pigs and chickens, they're used

-as population medicine.

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-Illtud Dunsford farms pigs

-near Pontyates, Llanelli.

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-What are the advantages

-for a producer...

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-..to use pig feed with antibiotics?

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-As the rules change

-in terms of antibiotic use...

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-..it will have very little effect

-on our business.

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-At the moment,

-we don't use that kind of feed.

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-Pig feed

-that includes antibiotics...

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-..has been designed

-for a specific method of farming.

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-Systems where chickens or pigs

-are kept in a confined space.

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-That's because there's a lot more

-bacteria and diseases.

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-The antibiotics

-help minimise the bacteria...

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-..but also promote

-growth in the animal.

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-Not everyone uses feed

-that has antibiotics.

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-Since 2006, use of antibiotics has

-been cut down drastically in Europe.

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-Gwyn Jones

-farms in southern England.

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-He is the chairman of RUMA...

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-..the Responsible Use of Medicine

-in Agriculture Alliance.

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-Here is their response

-to the report.

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-There isn't much contribution to the

-problem from agriculture generally.

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-This is a people problem.

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-The important thing is that we

-respond to what O'Neill says.

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-The government wants us to improve

-and do better than we are doing.

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-That's not just a challenge for us.

-There is space to do better here.

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-I think the farmers

-will be able to meet this challenge.

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-The O'Neill report is about

-the worldwide antibiotics situation.

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-Is there a worry

-that some countries...

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-..will take it more seriously

-than others?

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-In terms of farms

-similar to ours across Europe...

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-..very few of us

-use feed with antibiotics.

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-It's more standard practice

-in other countries.

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-North America, South America,

-China...

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-..are the places where you see

-intensive farming...

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-..that use that type of feed.

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-We now have to think

-about agriculture...

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-..as a worldwide industry,

-not a local one.

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-If other countries use systems

-which are expensive but effective...

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-..that can affect

-the international markets.

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-It makes you think

-about whether we can compete.

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-Are there steps

-that could be used on farms...

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-..in order to avoid

-having to use antibiotics?

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-There are a lot of things we can do.

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-The first thing with stock movement

-is good-quality biosecurity.

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-If people come to the farm...

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-..they should wash their feet

-and wellingtons...

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-..so diseases aren't spread

-from farm to farm.

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-It's important to keep the animals

-in a healthy condition.

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-We farm to a very high standard

-in this country.

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-We shouldn't forget that.

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-There's a cross here

-between welfare and antibiotics.

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-We shouldn't cut things down too far

-and the animals start to suffer.

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-It's important that as an industry

-we work with each other...

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-..as farmers and vets,

-and the government too...

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-..across the UK and Europe.

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-This is a challenge for us.

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-It's a situation the whole world

-needs to get to grips with.

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-It's also important

-that we as vets work with doctors...

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-..to ensure that we can provide

-effective antibiotics...

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-..not just now

-but also in the future.

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-We have to think about

-the next generation.

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-We have taken advantage of huge

-advances in medicine and surgery.

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-We want them

-to be able to give birth safely...

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-..and have safe intensive care

-and safe surgeries.

0:21:370:21:40

-The worry is that if there isn't

-international action on this...

0:21:410:21:45

-..those could all be in danger.

0:21:450:21:47

-There's a variety of sheep here,

-from continental to native breeds.

0:21:520:21:57

-There are Welsh Mountain Sheep

-here on the seaside.

0:21:580:22:00

-At this point, as a programme...

0:22:010:22:03

-..we have to apologise to

-Richard Williams and his family...

0:22:030:22:07

-..from Dolgellau...

0:22:070:22:08

-..for a misconception

-we gave earlier in the summer.

0:22:080:22:12

-They hold the record for the breed's

-highest price at 29,000 guineas.

0:22:120:22:17

-That was for a ram back in 2006

-at Dolgellau market.

0:22:170:22:22

-We look forward to more success

-from them during the autumn sales.

0:22:220:22:26

-From Meirionnydd

-back to the Gower Peninsula.

0:22:300:22:33

-This is the 99th show

-to be held here close to Swansea.

0:22:330:22:36

-The organisers ensured that there

-is something here for everyone.

0:22:370:22:42

-Emily Broomhead, congratulations.

0:22:430:22:45

-I would say it's been a good day.

-You're one of the organisers.

0:22:460:22:50

-What do you think?

0:22:500:22:52

-We've had a very good time.

0:22:520:22:54

-The show has been fantastic.

0:22:540:22:56

-The show is a special time.

0:22:560:22:59

-It's a chance for Gower farmers

-to show people from Swansea...

0:23:000:23:06

-..what's on their doorstep.

0:23:070:23:09

-That's it for this programme.

0:23:160:23:18

-I have to admit,

-the Gower Show has been superb.

0:23:180:23:21

-The weather has been great

-and the location superb.

0:23:210:23:24

-There's something about the way town

-and country have come together here.

0:23:240:23:29

-It shows the way forward

-for our industry.

0:23:300:23:33

-That's it for now, from me

-and the rest of the Ffermio team...

0:23:330:23:37

-..thanks for your company

-and goodbye.

0:23:380:23:40

-S4C Subtitles by Testun Cyf.

0:23:560:23:58

-.

0:23:590:23:59

Ar ol hoe fach dros yr haf mae Ffermio yn ol gyda chyfres newydd. In the first of a new series, Alun is at the Gower Show and we look at the effects of using antibiotics in agriculture.


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