Dolgellau Y Dref Gymreig


Dolgellau

Ymweliad a Dolgellau a thy tref bonheddig mewn gerddi Fictoraidd gwych. A townhouse, a mansion, a pavilion with remarkable plasterwork and an old ironmongers turned cafe in Dolg...


Similar Content

Browse content similar to Dolgellau. Check below for episodes and series from the same categories and more!

Transcript


LineFromTo

-888

0:00:000:00:00

-I can think of no town

-in a better location than Dolgellau.

0:00:000:00:04

-It nestles in the valley

-below some wonderful mountains.

0:00:040:00:08

-In this programme, we'll look at

-the way its buildings...

0:00:080:00:13

-..reflect local tradition

-and history.

0:00:130:00:16

-Welcome to Y Dref Gymreig.

0:00:160:00:18

-888

0:00:250:00:27

-888

0:00:300:00:32

-888

0:00:360:00:38

-Dolgellau is a record in stone.

0:00:390:00:41

-From T H Roberts...

0:00:420:00:44

-..to the Apollo, a small pavilion

-hiding a big treasure.

0:00:440:00:48

-We'll see a townhouse

-in magnificent, Victorian gardens...

0:00:480:00:53

-..and an impressive hall

-nestling beneath Cader Idris.

0:00:530:00:57

-I can't imagine a better

-starting point for this programme...

0:00:590:01:04

-..than the church tower,

-in the centre of town.

0:01:040:01:07

-We can look down at everyone,

-except the gentry houses up there.

0:01:080:01:12

-This is a very Welsh town.

0:01:130:01:14

-It's below a mountain, and there

-are stone buildings everywhere.

0:01:150:01:20

-Local dolerite stone

-is used in almost every building.

0:01:200:01:24

-This is a handsome town.

-And I mean handsome, not pretty.

0:01:250:01:30

-Are there many listed buildings?

0:01:340:01:37

-Are there many listed buildings?

-

-Yes, over 200 of them are listed.

0:01:370:01:39

-We're in Snowdonia National Park...

0:01:400:01:42

-..so the town's character

-can never be changed.

0:01:430:01:46

-This house

-is really close to the cemetery.

0:02:030:02:06

-Is it linked to the church

-in some way?

0:02:060:02:09

-This path leads to the graveyard.

0:02:090:02:11

-The house is called

-Tan y Fynwent (Below the Graveyard).

0:02:120:02:15

-It's older than the present church.

0:02:160:02:18

-It's one of Dolgellau's

-oldest buildings, as we can see.

0:02:190:02:23

-There are clues about its age here.

0:02:230:02:25

-The stone dormers are significant,

-as is the rough stonework.

0:02:260:02:32

-More recent, Victorian buildings,

-have smooth stones.

0:02:320:02:36

-It's a Victorian porch, but you

-can see it isn't a Victorian house.

0:02:460:02:50

-This 17th-century house

-has some interesting plasterwork.

0:02:510:02:55

-It's quite primitive,

-and I'm very fond of it.

0:02:550:02:58

-This oak door

-dates back to the same period.

0:02:590:03:02

-This is called Bolection moulding...

0:03:020:03:05

-..and it was fashionable

-in the late 17th century.

0:03:050:03:09

-The staircase is remarkable.

0:03:100:03:13

-This is an early 18th-century

-oak staircase.

0:03:230:03:26

-It stretches over three floors.

0:03:270:03:29

-There are

-three types of baluster here.

0:03:330:03:36

-These are splat balusters.

0:03:360:03:40

-This is the most primitive

-and the cheapest of the three types.

0:03:410:03:45

-It's a late 17th-century design.

0:03:450:03:47

-There are turned balusters...

0:03:480:03:50

-..and some fancy balusters at

-the bottom, where the family lived.

0:03:500:03:54

-This banister is wonderful.

0:03:550:03:57

-This banister is wonderful.

-

-Yes, the craftsmanship is very good.

0:03:570:04:00

-It's a wide staircase

-made of oak, from top to bottom.

0:04:000:04:04

-What's next, Greg?

0:04:070:04:08

-We go from a 17th-century house

-to a 17th-century bridge.

0:04:080:04:12

-Have you seen Minti?

0:04:120:04:14

-Centuries ago, this must have been

-Dolgellau's most important feature.

0:04:300:04:35

-This bridge made it possible

-for people to cross the river.

0:04:360:04:40

-Yes, this 17th-century bridge

-was widened in the 19th century.

0:04:400:04:44

-The top section was also rebuilt

-after the Great Flood of 1903.

0:04:440:04:49

-The top end was extended

-to accommodate the railway...

0:04:510:04:55

-..which was

-where the main road lies today.

0:04:560:04:59

-It must have attracted visitors here

-to see this untamed countryside.

0:04:590:05:05

-Yes. Tourism began to flourish

-in the 1930s and the 1940s.

0:05:050:05:09

-It only took five hours to get

-to London from here in the 1930s.

0:05:110:05:15

-It would take five hours

-to drive to London from here today.

0:05:150:05:20

-We can see some of the town's

-best buildings from here.

0:05:200:05:24

-The Magistrates Court

-is very striking.

0:05:250:05:27

-It was built by architect,

-Edward Haycock...

0:05:280:05:31

-..for 3,000 which was

-a huge sum of money back then.

0:05:320:05:35

-This was designed by an architect,

-and it's an outstanding building.

0:05:360:05:41

-It's quite different from

-the other buildings in the town.

0:05:410:05:44

-The best way to see Dolgellau

-and its narrow streets is on foot.

0:05:450:05:49

-Minti is ready to go.

0:05:500:05:51

-Here we are in Eldon Square

-in the centre of the town.

0:06:080:06:12

-It's the focal point of Dolgellau.

0:06:120:06:15

-Yes, it's the heart of the town.

0:06:150:06:18

-All the shops are here.

0:06:180:06:20

-We can see the town's history

-through its buildings.

0:06:210:06:25

-The white building with the bays

-is the square's oldest building.

0:06:260:06:31

-I'm fond of Eldon Row

-which was built in 1830.

0:06:320:06:35

-Neuadd Idris is the main building.

0:06:360:06:38

-It was originally built

-as a market hall in 1870.

0:06:380:06:42

-It was open on the ground floor,

-but it's now full of shops.

0:06:420:06:46

-There are assembly rooms

-above the shops.

0:06:470:06:50

-It's as busy as it's always been.

0:06:520:06:54

-Yes, there's heavy traffic here.

0:06:550:06:57

-I think the traffic

-causes problems in Dolgellau.

0:06:570:07:01

-The street patterns are complicated,

-and there's nowhere to park.

0:07:010:07:06

-It's a common problem.

0:07:060:07:08

-Here we are,

-in a street called Wtra'r Felin.

0:07:190:07:23

-Wtra means narrow lane

-and Felin means mill.

0:07:230:07:26

-This narrow lane leads to the mill.

0:07:260:07:29

-This is the town's industrial area.

0:07:290:07:32

-There were several

-woollen mills here.

0:07:320:07:35

-Dolgellau's wealth was generated by

-the wool and leather industries.

0:07:350:07:40

-There were several tanneries here.

0:07:400:07:43

-The mills must have been very noisy,

-and the tanneries were very smelly.

0:07:440:07:49

-The tanneries used water

-from the river, down there.

0:07:500:07:53

-The evidence

-of this town's industrial past...

0:07:540:07:58

-..lies in old mill buildings

-and warehouses, like this one.

0:07:580:08:02

-There are doors on each floor

-and a roof for the winch.

0:08:020:08:06

-Dolgellau has several

-mill buildings.

0:08:070:08:10

-The word Wtra is fascinating.

0:08:100:08:12

-There are several examples

-of roads called Wtra in Dolgellau.

0:08:130:08:17

-The word Wtra comes from an English

-word from the Shropshire area.

0:08:170:08:22

-People in Shropshire

-use the word out-tracks.

0:08:220:08:26

-Dolgellau people probably

-did business with Shropshire people.

0:08:260:08:30

-Out-tracks filtered

-across the border and became Wtra.

0:08:310:08:35

-On we go to the T H Roberts shop.

0:08:490:08:51

-This once thriving ironmongery

-is now a coffee shop.

0:08:520:08:55

-Thank you.

0:09:350:09:36

-Thank you very much.

0:09:360:09:38

-Tell me about T H Roberts.

0:09:380:09:40

-It's an old shop, of course.

0:09:400:09:42

-They sold all sorts of things

-in this hardware store.

0:09:420:09:46

-It was built in 1886, at a time when

-the gold rush was on in Dolgellau.

0:09:460:09:51

-There were over 500 gold miners

-working in the area...

0:09:510:09:55

-..and they needed shops like this.

0:09:550:09:58

-T H Roberts sold everything...

0:09:580:10:00

-..from gunpowder to paraffin

-to picks and shovels.

0:10:000:10:04

-It's good

-to see everything still intact.

0:10:050:10:08

-The old shelves

-and the old counter are here.

0:10:080:10:11

-The wood has been stripped, which

-wasn't the fashion in the 1880s.

0:10:120:10:17

-Apart from that, it looks authentic.

0:10:170:10:20

-It lends itself well to a cafe.

-No huge changes were necessary.

0:10:210:10:26

-That's the old office.

0:10:270:10:28

-The mahogany is beautiful.

0:10:290:10:31

-Local legend has it

-that the glass and mahogany box...

0:10:310:10:35

-..came from an old ship.

0:10:350:10:37

-I'm not convinced about that.

0:10:370:10:39

-It looks like it was made in 1886

-when the shop opened.

0:10:400:10:44

-Anyway, it's a nice story!

0:10:440:10:46

-I take it the interior

-of this building is listed.

0:10:460:10:50

-Nothing's changed

-since it was a shop.

0:10:500:10:53

-Yes, it was listed quite recently.

0:10:530:10:55

-No-one can alter it in any way.

0:10:560:10:58

-Many treasures lie

-on the narrow streets of Dolgellau.

0:11:020:11:06

-This is a very unusual 1960s gem.

0:11:060:11:08

-This is one of the most

-remarkable buildings in Dolgellau.

0:11:120:11:16

-It's a Catholic church.

0:11:160:11:18

-Yes, and it's the newest

-of the buildings we've seen here.

0:11:180:11:22

-This lovely building

-only dates back to 1966...

0:11:220:11:25

-..but it looks traditional,

-in many ways.

0:11:260:11:29

-It's a copy of Romanesque designs.

0:11:300:11:33

-Tell me about the crucifix

-above the door.

0:11:330:11:36

-It's the work of an Italian sculptor

-called Castiglione.

0:11:370:11:41

-It's said he did some work

-at St Peter's in Rome...

0:11:420:11:45

-..and he made the bronze doors

-for the front of Milan Cathedral.

0:11:450:11:50

-It's interesting because it was the

-personal project of a local priest.

0:11:510:11:56

-His name

-was Father Francis Scalpell.

0:11:560:11:59

-He believed Catholics in Dolgellau

-deserved a nobler church building...

0:11:590:12:05

-..than a former chip shop.

0:12:050:12:07

-He made it his personal project to

-raise funds to build a real church.

0:12:070:12:12

-It's a really powerful design.

0:12:210:12:23

-Yes, I'm really fond of the design,

-especially the columns.

0:12:230:12:27

-It reminds me of the work

-of Clough Williams-Ellis.

0:12:280:12:32

-Clough came from the same area...

0:12:320:12:34

-..and he used the same stone

-and the same styles.

0:12:340:12:38

-Clough liked the Norman styles

-we see here.

0:12:380:12:41

-The openings in the columns,

-called squints...

0:12:410:12:45

-..are lovely details.

0:12:450:12:47

-This is a solid, cave-like design.

0:12:470:12:50

-Yes, and it was designed by

-local architect, Maurice Pritchard.

0:12:500:12:54

-The builders were also local.

0:12:550:12:57

-We also know that Father Scalpell

-had a hand in the design process.

0:12:570:13:03

-He designed the chandeliers,

-for example.

0:13:040:13:08

-They struck the right balance

-between traditional columns...

0:13:150:13:20

-..and modern, 1960s items

-such as the pews and the windows.

0:13:200:13:24

-Yes, they're really pretty.

0:13:250:13:27

-.

0:13:350:13:35

-888

0:13:390:13:39

-888

-

-888

0:13:390:13:41

-888

0:13:580:14:00

-888

0:14:070:14:09

-We're a mile

-from the centre of Dolgellau.

0:14:110:14:14

-What's the history of Dol Rhyd?

0:14:140:14:16

-Dol Rhyd mansion

-was built for the Vaughan family.

0:14:170:14:20

-We're not here

-to look inside the mansion...

0:14:210:14:24

-..because it's been modernized.

0:14:240:14:26

-We're here to see a small building

-with a very Welsh history.

0:14:270:14:31

-Look up there!

0:14:410:14:43

-It's one of Dolgellau's hidden gems.

0:14:430:14:46

-It's a remarkably detailed design.

0:14:470:14:49

-I may be guilty of overusing

-the words top quality...

0:14:490:14:53

-..but this really is top quality,

-18th-century plasterwork.

0:14:540:14:59

-I can see many cultural symbols.

0:15:000:15:02

-This building

-was erected by William Vaughan.

0:15:030:15:06

-He was an interesting man.

0:15:060:15:08

-He was President

-of the cultural body...

0:15:100:15:13

-..the Honourable Society

-of Cymmrodorion.

0:15:130:15:16

-He built this for its meetings

-in 1763.

0:15:170:15:20

-The symbols represent

-the society's cultural passion.

0:15:200:15:24

-This celebrates all things Welsh.

0:15:240:15:27

-Yes, I can see some pan pipes.

0:15:270:15:29

-You could look at it all day long

-and still find something new.

0:15:310:15:35

-On we go to a substantial townhouse.

0:16:110:16:14

-Built for the Griffiths family,

-it stands in a fine two-acre garden.

0:16:140:16:19

-We're above Dolgellau, looking at

-lovely views above the rooftops.

0:16:250:16:30

-The house behind us seems to date

-from two different periods.

0:16:310:16:35

-Yes, we're looking at

-a Victorian house...

0:16:350:16:38

-..but the middle section

-is an old, early 19th-century villa.

0:16:380:16:43

-The building

-which is now a garage...

0:16:470:16:49

-..is an old, wooden hut which was

-used as a private Sunday school.

0:16:500:16:55

-We know that

-Bible classes were held here.

0:16:550:16:58

-Dolgellau has links with the Quakers

-dating back to the 17th century.

0:16:580:17:04

-The Griffiths family spent money on

-this wing of the house in the 1870s.

0:17:080:17:13

-It's interesting

-because this was the service wing.

0:17:140:17:17

-They employed a cook

-and a couple of maids.

0:17:180:17:21

-The date is carved into

-this lovely, slate fireplace.

0:17:220:17:26

-This serving hatch

-leads into the dining room...

0:17:270:17:31

-..which is

-on the other side of this wall.

0:17:310:17:35

-Craig y Ffynnon's main feature

-is its stunning gardens...

0:17:520:17:56

-..which keep its owners very busy.

0:17:570:17:59

-I can see why

-you don't work full-time, Shan!

0:17:590:18:03

-There's always work to be done here.

0:18:030:18:05

-Has the garden been

-a burden or a pleasure for you?

0:18:050:18:09

-It's been a real pleasure.

0:18:090:18:11

-We've raised three children here,

-and we both work hard on the garden.

0:18:110:18:16

-There's a highly unusual

-collection of plants here.

0:18:160:18:20

-Yes, and we think most of them were

-brought here in Victorian times...

0:18:200:18:25

-..when people went to foreign lands

-to gather plants and seeds.

0:18:250:18:30

-You've added to the collection.

0:18:310:18:33

-Yes, but we tried to keep

-the garden's Victorian character.

0:18:340:18:38

-We worked with the paths and

-the walls which were already here.

0:18:400:18:44

-I hear you and your family

-climbed one of these trees!

0:18:450:18:49

-Yes, we climbed the tallest tree

-in the year 2000.

0:18:500:18:53

-It's a coastal redwood.

0:18:540:18:56

-It's an unusual experience to climb

-a tree and see the view from there.

0:18:570:19:03

-Weren't you scared?

0:19:040:19:06

-No, we were totally safe!

0:19:070:19:09

-From one garden...

0:19:420:19:44

-..to another garden which is almost

-the size of Merionethshire!

0:19:440:19:49

-Yes, and people did think of it

-as a garden.

0:19:490:19:52

-The waterfalls around here

-are spectacular.

0:19:520:19:55

-The Richards family of Caerynwch,

-the local mansion, developed it...

0:19:560:20:01

-..and came to think of it

-as its personal garden.

0:20:010:20:05

-The paths and the bridge...

0:20:060:20:08

-..are designed to make the most of

-this fantastic landscape.

0:20:090:20:13

-Was the aim

-to create something natural?

0:20:140:20:17

-Yes. We're talking about the

-Picturesque period around 1800.

0:20:180:20:23

-You couldn't travel abroad because

-of wars and problems in France...

0:20:240:20:29

-..so wealthy people holidayed here

-in Great Britain.

0:20:290:20:33

-Many people came here

-to enjoy the romance...

0:20:340:20:37

-..and to taste the danger

-posed by nature.

0:20:390:20:41

-You can feel it here,

-above the water.

0:20:420:20:44

-If you were rich

-and well-connected...

0:20:440:20:47

-..you came to stay with

-the Richards family at Caerynwch.

0:20:470:20:52

-Two mansions were built

-on Caerynwch Estate land.

0:20:560:21:00

-The first

-dates back to late medieval times.

0:21:000:21:04

-The second, built in 1801,

-capitalizes on views of Cader Idris.

0:21:040:21:09

-The entrance corridor

-is very disappointing.

0:21:160:21:19

-It's small, and it's very dark.

0:21:190:21:22

-You then turn the corner and you see

-the house's main feature.

0:21:220:21:26

-It's a light, bright main vestibule

-with a wonderful staircase.

0:21:260:21:31

-None of the decorative touches

-are too fancy.

0:21:370:21:40

-No. The plasterwork is plain,

-and there's no plaster ceiling rose.

0:21:410:21:46

-The door mouldings

-are relatively plain.

0:21:460:21:49

-That was early 19th-century fashion.

0:21:500:21:52

-Things had changed by

-the mid-19th century, as we'll see.

0:21:530:21:57

-We're in the part of the house

-which as added in Victorian times.

0:22:000:22:05

-Yes, this drawing room

-was added in 1867.

0:22:050:22:08

-The architectural details

-are Georgian in style.

0:22:080:22:12

-The wood and the plasterwork

-around the doors...

0:22:120:22:15

-..are an echo

-of the designs of the 1750s.

0:22:160:22:19

-The fireplace is pretty special.

0:22:220:22:25

-The fireplace is pretty special.

-

-Yes, it was a fashionable fireplace.

0:22:250:22:27

-The 1851 Great Exhibition in London

-started this fashion...

0:22:280:22:32

-..for arched fireplaces.

0:22:320:22:34

-This chandelier...

0:22:350:22:36

-..was exhibited

-in the Paris Exhibition of 1855.

0:22:370:22:41

-This was the family's holiday home.

0:22:420:22:44

-They lived in London

-most of the time.

0:22:450:22:47

-This is Richard Richards, and he

-worked for the Exchequer in London.

0:22:480:22:54

-Lord Eldon was a friend of his.

0:22:540:22:56

-Eldon Square in Dolgellau

-was named after him.

0:22:560:23:01

-This is a fantastic room.

0:23:150:23:17

-It was added in 1900, and

-I don't think it's changed one bit.

0:23:170:23:21

-It hasn't been used much.

0:23:210:23:23

-The original table is still here...

0:23:230:23:26

-..and the paint

-is the original colour.

0:23:270:23:30

-This magnificent oak fireplace

-is also original.

0:23:300:23:34

-It carries

-the Richards family crest.

0:23:340:23:37

-The family motto is also here,

-"Loyal to the Truth."

0:23:370:23:42

-That's an original sign.

0:23:430:23:45

-"Gentlemen please use the rest.

0:23:450:23:48

-"Do not smoke or spin coins

-over the table."

0:23:480:23:51

-It would be a shame to leave without

-having a quick frame of snooker.

0:23:540:23:59

-I am the king of the green baize!

0:23:590:24:02

-S4C subtitles by Eirlys A Jones

0:24:520:24:55

-.

0:24:550:24:55

Ymweliad a Dolgellau a thy tref bonheddig mewn gerddi Fictoraidd gwych. A townhouse, a mansion, a pavilion with remarkable plasterwork and an old ironmongers turned cafe in Dolgellau.