Oink: Man Loves Pig Storyville


Oink: Man Loves Pig

Oink explores man's relationship to pigs, diving headfirst into a beguiling mix of sentimentality and violence - from keeping pigs in your bed to factory farming.


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Transcript


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This programme contains some scenes which some viewers may find upsetting.

0:00:020:00:06

MUSIC: Old MacDonald Had A Farm

0:00:110:00:15

Once upon a time, a pig was born.

0:00:210:00:24

A very clever pig indeed.

0:00:240:00:26

She had thoughts and dreams,

0:00:260:00:28

she learnt to do all sorts of things,

0:00:280:00:31

from how to count, to how to read,

0:00:310:00:34

though she never quite learnt how to fly...

0:00:340:00:37

..and as she grew and ate, and ate and grew,

0:00:390:00:43

her piglet brain expanded, too,

0:00:430:00:46

and so she studied really hard

0:00:460:00:49

all she heard and all she saw,

0:00:490:00:53

not wanting just to be a tub of lard.

0:00:530:00:56

Hello, I'm Dorothy.

0:01:070:01:09

I'm a young saddleback pig.

0:01:110:01:13

They say I'm just one of over two billion pigs

0:01:140:01:17

on earth at the moment.

0:01:170:01:18

Oh, sorry! That's my big brother.

0:01:200:01:23

He can recognise me because of the marks on my ears and on my bum...

0:01:230:01:29

..and that's Mum, six weeks ago now, with my sisters and brothers...

0:01:360:01:40

..and that's me....

0:01:460:01:47

popping out the back.

0:01:470:01:49

It doesn't take too long to get myself sorted.

0:02:030:02:06

I know it looks like a free-for-all, but it really isn't.

0:02:080:02:11

Each of us has our own teat.

0:02:120:02:14

The first-born gets the best upfront, and so on down.

0:02:140:02:17

I'm eighth out. It just takes a bit of a shove to find mine.

0:02:220:02:26

OINKING

0:02:310:02:34

TRANSLATION:

0:03:030:03:07

OINKING

0:03:540:03:57

ELECTRICAL BUZZ

0:04:410:04:44

PIG SQUEALS

0:04:460:04:48

MUSIC PLAYS

0:06:540:06:57

SHOUTING

0:08:050:08:08

HORN HONKS

0:08:460:08:48

THEY CONVERSE IN OWN LANGUAGE

0:09:420:09:44

PIGLET SQUEALS

0:13:240:13:26

ANIMATED CHATTER

0:15:050:15:07

That feels better.

0:17:220:17:23

Three weeks. Four kilos already.

0:17:280:17:30

We've been put together with a whole pack of all the pigs.

0:17:310:17:35

So now I have my family AND friends to play with.

0:17:370:17:40

Mum's still around and keeps us fed.

0:17:430:17:45

She is in a bad mood,

0:17:450:17:47

some of her older children were driven away yesterday.

0:17:470:17:51

I wonder where they've gone.

0:17:510:17:53

SIZZLING

0:17:530:17:55

TRANSLATION:

0:18:040:18:06

CHILDREN EXCLAIM

0:22:140:22:16

-GIRL:

-So many people don't want to know the truth.

0:24:030:24:05

I knew they were getting killed,

0:24:070:24:09

but I never knew it was going to happen like this.

0:24:090:24:12

Compared with human beings, it's just a weird feeling you get.

0:24:130:24:18

I was feeling sick when I was in there because there was, like,

0:24:230:24:26

blood and, you know, there are brains and it's just really...

0:24:260:24:31

We were like, remember to stand right, cos if you stand on the...

0:24:310:24:36

-Heel.

-Heel. You can...

-Just fade.

-..fade out.

0:24:360:24:42

It wasn't dead when they cut it up here.

0:24:420:24:47

So, yes, that was pretty gross, if you can say it like that.

0:24:470:24:51

There's nobody will stop eating it because they love it

0:24:510:24:56

and they kind of... everything, you know.

0:24:560:25:00

It's a big part of our life.

0:25:000:25:02

And it's also a big part for Denmark.

0:25:020:25:04

When other countries think about Denmark,

0:25:040:25:07

they think pigs and bacon and stuff -

0:25:070:25:09

and it's the way we earn money.

0:25:090:25:12

PIG SQUEALS

0:26:440:26:46

Six weeks. 10 kilos now.

0:27:020:27:05

We're lucky.

0:27:060:27:08

We can go out whenever we like...

0:27:080:27:10

..and we can eat all the time.

0:27:110:27:14

Lots of barley, oats, all sorts of things,

0:27:140:27:17

and they don't even make us work for it.

0:27:170:27:18

The men look after us really well.

0:27:200:27:22

-Where's the plane?

-The storm must have dragged it out to sea.

0:27:460:27:50

-What's your name?

-Ralph.

0:27:500:27:53

I don't care what they call me as long as they don't call me

0:27:530:27:56

what they did at school.

0:27:560:27:58

What's that.

0:27:580:28:00

-They used to call me Piggy.

-Piggy.

0:28:010:28:05

As long as you don't tell the others.

0:28:050:28:08

If we have the slightest opportunity to be unpleasant to people

0:28:120:28:17

or creatures, we will be.

0:28:170:28:19

So we are trying to invest others with what it is

0:28:210:28:26

that we are infected with...

0:28:260:28:28

..but in fact we're being rather unfair to pigs.

0:28:310:28:34

We're infected with a mean spirit.

0:28:380:28:40

I think that is one of our main traits

0:28:420:28:46

and we try to hide it under the guise of what we call civilisation.

0:28:460:28:52

But in fact we are repressing that

0:28:520:28:57

in the hope that we can be nicer than we are

0:28:570:29:00

because I think, secretly, we disgust ourselves.

0:29:000:29:04

HE HUMS A TUNE

0:29:060:29:08

Pigs.

0:29:110:29:13

Hm...

0:29:160:29:18

Ah, they are here.

0:29:180:29:19

Oh, well, he's here.

0:29:190:29:22

Oh, it's...

0:29:220:29:24

It's...

0:29:240:29:25

..George Orwell.

0:29:270:29:28

He's got...

0:29:300:29:31

..a cage full of rats round his neck.

0:29:320:29:35

Now, rats - are we too unkind to rats, I wonder?

0:29:350:29:40

We're definitely unkind to... You see, this...

0:29:420:29:45

Now, this one...this little pig... talking about pigs,

0:29:450:29:49

now that's a decent pig, isn't it?

0:29:490:29:53

But, you see, he's uncertain

0:29:530:29:55

whether he's going to be mean...

0:29:550:29:58

or nice.

0:29:580:29:59

Or proud. He's got a little bit of everything.

0:29:590:30:02

Malevolence, haughtiness.

0:30:020:30:05

And that's nice and poetic, really.

0:30:080:30:10

That is Old Major giving his speech.

0:30:100:30:14

"Now, comrades, what is the nature of this life of ours?

0:30:170:30:21

"Let us face it - our lives are miserable, laborious and short.

0:30:210:30:28

"And the very instant that our usefulness has come to an end,

0:30:280:30:33

"we are slaughtered with hideous cruelty."

0:30:330:30:36

I mean, that one, there, that figure there is very human.

0:30:390:30:44

Look.

0:30:440:30:45

In fact, they look like businessmen, these two.

0:30:470:30:51

They're quite alarmed, watching the pigs...

0:30:510:30:54

..their fellow animals, if you like,

0:30:560:30:58

behaving in this hideously human way.

0:30:580:31:01

It's actually quite unpleasant.

0:31:040:31:05

I don't... The more I...

0:31:050:31:08

the more we chat about it,

0:31:080:31:11

the more I think we are...

0:31:110:31:14

we're doomed.

0:31:140:31:16

I mean, I've just been doing a book on Critical Critters,

0:31:310:31:34

how awful we are to them.

0:31:340:31:36

We're the...

0:31:380:31:39

We're the, er...

0:31:430:31:46

beasts, really.

0:31:460:31:47

Is it fun, I wonder?

0:31:500:31:52

To kill things?

0:31:530:31:54

Pigs are greedy, they snaffle away at it,

0:31:540:31:58

and go for anything and devour it.

0:31:580:32:01

They make pigs of themselves, and that's what we call them, you see.

0:32:020:32:05

We think they're horrible things, but they are most intelligent,

0:32:050:32:10

therefore most scheming.

0:32:100:32:12

Manipulators -

0:32:120:32:14

and we imbue the pig with that power.

0:32:140:32:18

So I think that's something we... decided this morning.

0:32:190:32:24

We don't like human beings much, do we?

0:32:240:32:28

BLOWS

0:32:280:32:31

Interesting.

0:32:340:32:35

They're better than we ever might have thought possible...

0:32:390:32:43

..and we eat the damn things.

0:32:440:32:46

What a shame.

0:32:480:32:49

Fat bastard.

0:32:540:32:56

"Apparently I'm being fattened up for some important occasion.

0:32:580:33:03

"How about you?"

0:33:030:33:05

HE CHUCKLES

0:33:050:33:06

Pig in the shit. There we are. That's...

0:33:060:33:08

and is it in his own, or is it in someone else's?

0:33:080:33:12

"Is it not crystal clear that all the evils that are visited upon us

0:33:190:33:23

"are the evils of human beings?

0:33:230:33:27

"Man is our worst enemy.

0:33:270:33:30

"Get rid of man and we will be free.

0:33:320:33:36

"And we can live life as we want to live it."

0:33:380:33:45

PIGS SNORT

0:33:450:33:48

A short digression on the pig, or Why Heaven Hates Ham.

0:34:010:34:05

The oldest and most tenacious

0:34:070:34:10

of all fetishes is the hatred, and even fear, of the pig.

0:34:100:34:14

It emerged in primitive Judaea

0:34:140:34:16

and was for centuries one of the ways -

0:34:160:34:17

the other being circumcision -

0:34:170:34:19

by which Jews could be distinguished.

0:34:190:34:22

Even though Sura 5, verse 60 of the Koran

0:34:220:34:25

condemns particularly Jews, but also other unbelievers,

0:34:250:34:29

as having been turned into pigs and monkeys,

0:34:290:34:31

a very intense theme in recent Salafist Muslim preaching,

0:34:310:34:35

and the Koran describes the flesh of swine

0:34:350:34:37

as unclean or even abominable,

0:34:370:34:39

Muslims appear to see nothing ironic

0:34:390:34:41

in the adoption of this uniquely Jewish taboo.

0:34:410:34:44

Real horror of the porcine

0:34:440:34:46

is manifest all over the Islamic world.

0:34:460:34:48

According to many ancient authorities,

0:34:480:34:51

the attitude of early Semites to swine

0:34:510:34:53

was one of reverence as much as disgust.

0:34:530:34:55

The eating of pig flesh

0:34:550:34:56

was considered as something special,

0:34:560:34:58

even privileged and ritualistic.

0:34:580:35:01

This mad confusion between the sacred and the profane

0:35:010:35:03

is found in all faiths at all times.

0:35:030:35:06

The simultaneous attraction and repulsion derived

0:35:060:35:10

from an anthropomorphic root.

0:35:100:35:11

The look of the pig and the taste of the pig

0:35:110:35:15

and the dying yells of the pig

0:35:150:35:17

and the evident intelligence of the pig

0:35:170:35:19

were too uncomfortably reminiscent of the human.

0:35:190:35:22

Porcophobia and porcophilia

0:35:230:35:26

thus probably originated in a night-time of human sacrifice

0:35:260:35:29

and even cannibalism,

0:35:290:35:30

at which the holy texts often do more than hint.

0:35:300:35:33

Nothing optional, from homosexuality to adultery,

0:35:350:35:38

is ever made punishable unless those who do the prohibiting

0:35:380:35:41

and exact the fierce punishments

0:35:410:35:43

have a repressed desire to participate.

0:35:430:35:46

As Shakespeare put it in King Lear,

0:35:460:35:48

"The policeman who lashes the whore has a hot need to use her

0:35:480:35:51

"for the very offence for which he plies the lash."

0:35:510:35:55

GENTLE GRUNTING

0:36:580:37:01

Good girl.

0:37:010:37:02

Hey, baby.

0:37:210:37:23

She usually wakes up first

0:37:370:37:39

and then she hangs out in the bed for a little while.

0:37:390:37:43

-Just like us.

-Making all these sounds, kind of like how people do -

0:37:430:37:48

and then, eventually, if one of us gets up,

0:37:480:37:50

then she'll run out and probably follow us.

0:37:500:37:53

There she goes.

0:37:550:37:56

TROTTERS CLATTER

0:37:580:38:00

Coco, come and get some food.

0:38:040:38:06

So then we give her her breakfast,

0:38:100:38:12

and then she usually eats that for a little while and then walks around.

0:38:120:38:17

Sometimes she'll try to get back into bed.

0:38:170:38:20

Sometimes we let her, sometimes we don't let her.

0:38:200:38:22

She really feels like any other pet to us.

0:38:260:38:29

It feels totally normal.

0:38:290:38:31

She's a cuddler. Like, she has to be either

0:38:310:38:34

right along your leg or in between your legs

0:38:340:38:37

-of right up in your face.

-I think she's like having a dog,

0:38:370:38:41

-it's exactly like having a dog that loves to cuddle...

-Yeah.

0:38:410:38:45

..but she's a pig -

0:38:460:38:47

and when people on the street ask where she sleeps,

0:38:470:38:50

and we tell them... "Mm... She sleeps in our bed!"

0:38:500:38:53

They're like, "What?!"

0:38:530:38:54

They think it's crazy.

0:38:540:38:56

She gets really upset

0:38:580:38:59

if there's a night where she doesn't sleep in here,

0:38:590:39:02

and it's so loud.

0:39:020:39:03

She'll make little noises, like, "Beep, beep, beep."

0:39:060:39:09

I don't know how to explain it -

0:39:090:39:11

but it's like, they're small and high-pitched

0:39:110:39:14

and they're not, like, scary or anything,

0:39:140:39:16

and I feel like that's her talking to you, like saying hi.

0:39:160:39:20

Like, if I get really low and she kisses my face,

0:39:200:39:23

she'll make those noises -

0:39:230:39:25

and then, if she wants something, like she wants to go to bed...

0:39:250:39:28

-Deep grunt.

-..it's like very deep, loud grunts that are like...

0:39:280:39:32

-Mmmgh!

-Urggghh! ..and they just get super deep.

0:39:320:39:35

When we had Penny, which was our first pig,

0:39:370:39:39

she would come to school every day with me.

0:39:390:39:41

This was Penny, she had a lot more pink in her...

0:39:430:39:46

but you can almost even see there

0:39:460:39:48

-how she's enjoying getting her picture taken.

-Yeah.

0:39:480:39:52

-Right? Much different.

-She was little in that picture.

0:39:520:39:54

She didn't really look like that at the end of her life.

0:39:540:39:57

One morning she had a seizure and a stroke

0:39:590:40:02

-and we rushed her to the animal hospital, but...

-It was too late.

0:40:020:40:05

It was too late, and she passed away.

0:40:050:40:08

It was January 2nd, cos I remember it was right after New Year's.

0:40:080:40:13

I'd already been at school

0:40:130:40:15

and Jen called me during my first period and told me.

0:40:150:40:18

In the beginning it was impossible to talk about,

0:40:200:40:23

but I think we've talked about it, like, thousands of times,

0:40:230:40:27

so it's become easier.

0:40:270:40:29

You know, I had to tell my entire school of 300 kids

0:40:290:40:32

what happened to her.

0:40:320:40:34

Penny was great. Penny was our first pet.

0:40:360:40:39

We talked a long time about getting a dog...

0:40:420:40:45

COCO SNORTS

0:40:450:40:46

-Where are you going?

-Oh, now she might come up there.

0:40:460:40:50

..and we were travelling in South-East Asia

0:40:500:40:52

for a long period of time,

0:40:520:40:54

and we could see how there were other animals

0:40:540:40:56

that had really deep connections to people.

0:40:560:40:59

Want me to move this?

0:40:590:41:01

SHE SNORTS

0:41:010:41:03

I feel like she can tell when I'm sad or when I'm sick.

0:41:040:41:07

I find her super comforting.

0:41:070:41:09

COCO GRUNTS

0:41:100:41:11

Sorry.

0:41:110:41:12

Come here.

0:41:120:41:14

If we lived in, like, a bigger house,

0:41:160:41:18

we wouldn't let her have run of the whole house,

0:41:180:41:20

but because we live in just like a one-room apartment,

0:41:200:41:24

it's not that big compared to, like, the size of her original pen.

0:41:240:41:27

Is Coco ready?

0:41:300:41:31

Coco, spin.

0:41:310:41:33

Good girl. Treat!

0:41:330:41:36

Coco, jump.

0:41:360:41:38

Good girl. Treat!

0:41:390:41:41

Coco, shake.

0:41:410:41:43

Oh, you're a good girl. Treat.

0:41:430:41:46

It takes like maybe a day if you wanted to really teach her -

0:41:480:41:51

and you just have to do it like a bunch of times in a row

0:41:510:41:54

and to reinforce with a little piece of food.

0:41:540:41:57

That's enough -

0:41:570:41:58

three tricks is good enough for this pig.

0:41:580:42:01

"Tears ran down her face as she took hold of the axe

0:42:040:42:08

"and tried to pull it out of her father's hands.

0:42:080:42:11

"'Fern,' said Mr Arable,

0:42:110:42:13

"'I know more about raising a litter of pigs than you do.

0:42:130:42:17

"'A weakling makes trouble. Now run along.'

0:42:170:42:20

"'But it's unfair,' cried Fern.

0:42:200:42:23

"'The pig couldn't help being born small, could it?'

0:42:230:42:26

"'If I had been born very small at birth, would you have killed me?'

0:42:260:42:30

"Mr Arable smiled, 'Certainly not,'

0:42:300:42:34

"he said, looking down at his daughter with love.

0:42:340:42:37

"'But this is different.

0:42:370:42:39

"'A little girl is one thing and a little runty pig is another.'"

0:42:390:42:44

SHE SNIFFLES

0:42:470:42:49

And I think that really happens...

0:42:510:42:53

..and it's just...

0:42:550:42:57

I think I just think about it being Coco.

0:42:570:42:59

It's sad.

0:42:590:43:01

-You've got the Cheerios?

-Yeah. You have the Cheerios, I have a bag.

0:43:060:43:10

Oh, I do have the Cheerios.

0:43:100:43:12

Come on, Coco.

0:43:120:43:13

Come on.

0:43:130:43:15

Good job!

0:43:170:43:18

# This little piggy went to market

0:43:230:43:26

# This little piggy stayed home

0:43:260:43:29

# This little piggy had roast beef

0:43:290:43:33

# This little piggy had none

0:43:330:43:36

# And this little piggy went wee wee wee

0:43:360:43:40

# Wee wee, all the way home

0:43:400:43:43

# So if you're ever sad If you're ever alone

0:43:430:43:47

# You can sing this little piggy song. #

0:43:470:43:51

11 weeks old and...you're back.

0:44:090:44:12

As you can see, it's been raining a bit.

0:44:140:44:17

I'm putting it on now, getting on for 35 kilos.

0:44:190:44:22

We had a real drama last night.

0:44:290:44:31

Four friends decided they didn't trust the men here.

0:44:310:44:34

They ran away.

0:44:340:44:36

After trying a few times, my friends worked out

0:44:380:44:40

that if they charged those horrid wires together,

0:44:400:44:43

they wouldn't hurt themselves.

0:44:430:44:45

God knows how they'll survive out there.

0:44:460:44:49

STRONG SOUTHERN AMERICAN ACCENT:

0:45:250:45:28

Basically, there was a lot of people around

0:45:320:45:34

that had pretty large hog farms at times,

0:45:340:45:37

and they used electric fence to keep them up.

0:45:370:45:39

Well, the electric fence goes down, they go through the fence.

0:45:390:45:44

Then they stay out there long enough

0:45:440:45:46

and they go from domesticated back to wild.

0:45:460:45:50

It's not just one person's problem any more,

0:45:500:45:52

it's become everybody's problem...

0:45:520:45:54

..and believe it or not,

0:45:550:45:57

some of them are actually vicious enough that they will attack you.

0:45:570:46:00

You have to kill 70% of your wild hog population on your place

0:46:020:46:08

each year just to maintain the same amount of numbers that you got.

0:46:080:46:12

So if we only kill 20%, that means the hog population

0:46:120:46:16

on our place is increasing drastically every year.

0:46:160:46:19

They're used to coming up where... close to homes and stuff,

0:46:210:46:26

where people actually have barns and have feed.

0:46:260:46:29

They'll come inside barns and stuff

0:46:290:46:31

and actually eat the high-protein feeds.

0:46:310:46:34

And that helps get them larger.

0:46:360:46:39

Can I have everybody's attention?

0:46:390:46:41

We're going to say a prayer

0:46:420:46:44

and we're going to let everybody get started on this food

0:46:440:46:47

cos I know everybody's just dying to jump in to all this good food.

0:46:470:46:50

If y'all will bow with me.

0:46:500:46:52

Heavenly Father, we thank the for this wonderful day you've allowed us

0:46:530:46:57

to gather together, in this holiday season,

0:46:570:47:01

that we can get together and give thanks to you

0:47:010:47:04

and for all the many blessings that you bestow on each one of us.

0:47:040:47:08

Just ask that you would bless this food now to nourish our body

0:47:080:47:11

and our body is thy service.

0:47:110:47:12

These things we ask in Christ's name. Amen.

0:47:120:47:15

Amen.

0:47:150:47:16

OK, y'all can form two lines down this buffet

0:47:160:47:20

and just help yourself.

0:47:200:47:22

CRICKETS CHIRRUP

0:47:220:47:25

GUNSHOT

0:47:490:47:51

GUNSHOTS

0:47:530:47:54

Until we come up with something better than what we're doing here,

0:48:130:48:16

we're not going to get rid of 'em -

0:48:160:48:19

and we're doing what we're doing now, it's just an effort,

0:48:190:48:23

we're not really accomplishing a whole lot, but we are getting a few.

0:48:230:48:27

DOG BARKS

0:48:580:48:59

Back up, Rooster, back up.

0:50:140:50:16

Danny's a friend of ours. We've known him for several years now...

0:50:160:50:21

Back up, I said.

0:50:210:50:23

..and any time we have a problem, Danny's the man we call.

0:50:240:50:28

Once you turn 'em loose...

0:50:330:50:35

..they get in his hayfields, root it up.

0:50:360:50:40

We go out there and run the hogs off of them.

0:50:400:50:43

To help the farmers out,

0:50:430:50:46

and give us something to do, too, cos we enjoy it.

0:50:460:50:49

They're one of the smartest animals in the woods.

0:50:500:50:53

They're smarter than any big buck.

0:50:530:50:55

The older hogs get really educated,

0:50:550:50:58

they know how to get away from a dog and won't hardly go in a trap,

0:50:580:51:01

so they are really hard to catch.

0:51:010:51:04

She's running one.

0:51:060:51:07

Hog!

0:51:100:51:11

Go.

0:51:220:51:24

SQUEALING

0:51:250:51:28

We take life.

0:52:260:52:28

We realise that it's the Lord's animal,

0:52:300:52:33

but the Lord puts us over the animal,

0:52:330:52:35

in charge of the animals, so we have to do that.

0:52:350:52:38

16 weeks. 55 kilos.

0:53:390:53:41

Almost doubled my weight in five weeks...

0:53:410:53:44

..but something's up.

0:53:500:53:52

Perhaps those friends who ran away were right.

0:53:550:53:58

What do these men want?

0:54:000:54:02

Why have they put me in here?

0:54:080:54:09

GRUNTING AND SQUEALING

0:54:130:54:16

Mummy? Mummy, where are you?

0:54:260:54:28

"At OrganInc Farms,

0:54:500:54:52

"he'd been one of the foremost architects of the Pigoon project,

0:54:520:54:56

"along with a team of transplant experts

0:54:560:54:59

"and a microbiologists who were splicing against infections.

0:54:590:55:03

"Pigoon was only a nickname.

0:55:110:55:13

"The official name was sus multiorganifier -

0:55:130:55:17

"but Pigoon was what everybody said.

0:55:170:55:19

"Sometimes they said OrganOink Farms, but not as often.

0:55:210:55:25

"It wasn't really a farm, anyway.

0:55:270:55:29

"Not like the farms in pictures.

0:55:290:55:32

PIGS SQUEAL

0:55:320:55:33

"The goal of the Pigoon project

0:55:430:55:45

"was to grow an assortment of foolproof human tissue organs

0:55:450:55:49

"in a transgenic knockout pig host."

0:55:490:55:52

"Organs that would transplant smoothly and avoid rejection,

0:55:580:56:02

"but would also be able to fend off attacks

0:56:020:56:05

"by opportunistic microbes and viruses,

0:56:050:56:08

"of which there were so many more strains every year."

0:56:080:56:11

In our pig bio banks, basically we have relatively few animals,

0:56:210:56:25

genetically modified, plus controls,

0:56:250:56:28

but we have the whole tissue spectrum.

0:56:280:56:30

So, my name is Eckhard Wolf.

0:56:510:56:53

I'm a professor of animal genetics and biotechnology

0:56:530:56:57

at the University of Munich,

0:56:570:56:58

and my topic is basically genetic engineering of pigs

0:56:580:57:04

for xenotransplantation, and also as models for human diseases.

0:57:040:57:08

I'm... I'm just a cardiac surgeon.

0:57:110:57:15

We transplant pigs' hearts into baboons.

0:57:170:57:20

Of course, it would be much easier to use baboons as donors for humans,

0:57:320:57:36

but the small non-human primates would not fit

0:57:360:57:40

regarding their organ size -

0:57:400:57:42

and for the larger ones,

0:57:420:57:44

it's very difficult to breed them, to maintain them,

0:57:440:57:48

and I think there would also be major ethical considerations

0:57:480:57:51

if we used non-human primates.

0:57:510:57:53

On the other hand, we can, nowadays,

0:57:560:57:57

with the modern techniques of genetic engineering,

0:57:570:58:01

adapt the pig as a donor.

0:58:010:58:03

Pigs are very similar

0:58:100:58:11

with respect to their anatomy and physiology to humans.

0:58:110:58:15

The whole digestive tract is very similar.

0:58:180:58:21

They have about the same size.

0:58:210:58:24

The skin, for instance, is extremely similar to human skin.

0:58:260:58:29

I'll just get changed.

0:58:390:58:40

Within the next four years, our aim is to produce baboons

0:58:430:58:48

with pig's hearts and they live well for three months.

0:58:480:58:55

So, up till now, it is a big hurdle.

0:58:550:58:59

These are my lucky shoes.

0:59:010:59:04

Green.

0:59:050:59:06

It's the right and the left ventricle.

0:59:340:59:37

-OK, the cannula.

-Cannula.

0:59:420:59:44

That's the heart, you can see.

0:59:490:59:51

The heart looks basically similar to a human heart.

0:59:571:00:01

You can't distinguish.

1:00:011:00:03

It's pink, has the same valves.

1:00:031:00:06

To use a species which you know very well,

1:01:091:01:12

pigs that we eat in Germany, I think 50 million pigs -

1:01:121:01:17

but you can't say, because you're eating pigs,

1:01:171:01:20

you can grow pigs for transplantation purposes.

1:01:201:01:23

That's a big, ethical difference.

1:01:231:01:26

That would scream, ja?

1:01:261:01:28

And, for me, it's strange, but it is so.

1:01:281:01:32

You can't do everything that you think you can do.

1:01:371:01:40

It is an ethical problem.

1:01:401:01:42

I hate the word "humanised" organs...

1:02:541:02:57

because they are not humanised.

1:02:571:02:59

For me, the brain is the most important thing.

1:03:011:03:04

The brain is human, the brain is a pig -

1:03:041:03:08

and you don't interfere with that.

1:03:081:03:11

So you just interfere with the body.

1:03:111:03:15

As a heart surgeon, I exchange the pump,

1:03:151:03:19

the heart is a pump, nothing else.

1:03:191:03:22

-When you say the word heart to me, I don't think of a pump.

-Yeah.

1:03:231:03:29

-I think of poetry and life.

-Yes, well, that's wrong.

1:03:291:03:33

That's wrong. You should talk about the brain -

1:03:331:03:37

and so, "My brain is going crazy," or something like that,

1:03:371:03:41

not, "My heart is going crazy" -

1:03:411:03:43

but I'm aware of the literature, of course.

1:03:431:03:45

Beats very well.

1:03:501:03:52

Some people would say it's an exotic work, it's a dangerous work,

1:04:051:04:10

it's like Frankenstein, but that's not true.

1:04:101:04:15

It's a nice way to solve a big problem of organ shortage.

1:04:171:04:22

10,000 sick persons

1:04:251:04:31

are waiting for a transplant in Germany,

1:04:311:04:34

and only 800 are done right now.

1:04:341:04:38

So... It's not a discrepancy, it's a disaster.

1:04:381:04:43

MONITOR BEEPS

1:04:431:04:46

CONTINUOUS TONE

1:04:541:04:56

MUSIC: Old MacDonald Had A Farm

1:04:591:05:02

That day, as Farmer Robb drove her on the his way,

1:05:181:05:22

our clever pig wondered where to, and why.

1:05:221:05:26

She somehow knew she was off to die.

1:05:261:05:29

She thought pigs can live 20 years or more -

1:05:311:05:34

but when the trailer turned and hit the motorway,

1:05:341:05:38

the truth dawned bright and sure.

1:05:381:05:41

It was not her mind that they cared for.

1:05:411:05:44

Hog roasts and chops are what you crave,

1:05:491:05:53

with nice, thick gravy and apple sauce.

1:05:531:05:56

Spare ribs for Sunday barbecues.

1:05:561:05:59

Sausages and mash or bacon butties.

1:05:591:06:02

Cured or smoked?

1:06:051:06:07

Red sauce or brown?

1:06:071:06:09

What is your taste?

1:06:091:06:11

What is your choice?

1:06:111:06:14

Prime cuts...

1:06:141:06:15

..or just a bag of scratchings in the pub?

1:06:171:06:20

On much of the planet,

1:06:391:06:40

most meat animals get antibiotics every day of their lives.

1:06:401:06:44

Not to cure illnesses,

1:06:441:06:46

but to fatten them up and to protect them

1:06:461:06:49

against the factory farm conditions they are raised in.

1:06:491:06:53

In the United States,

1:06:531:06:55

possibly 80% of the antibiotics sold every year go to farm animals,

1:06:551:07:02

not to humans,

1:07:021:07:03

creating resistant bacteria that move off the farm

1:07:031:07:07

in water, in dust, in the meat the animals become.

1:07:071:07:12

We stand today on the threshold of the post-antibiotic era,

1:07:121:07:17

in the earliest days of a time when simple infections

1:07:171:07:22

will kill people once again.

1:07:221:07:25

CLOCK BEEPS

1:07:251:07:28

PIGS SQUEAL

1:09:081:09:12

PIGS SQUEAL

1:09:301:09:33

SQUEALING STOPS

1:09:331:09:36

SHEEP BLEAT

1:11:321:11:34

We grow so fast.

1:12:071:12:09

Six months old and hitting puberty.

1:12:091:12:11

We consume all the time.

1:12:131:12:16

Whenever we want to -

1:12:161:12:18

and, being greedy...

1:12:181:12:20

..we eat like pigs.

1:12:221:12:24

A big nose can draw in a volume of air

1:12:381:12:41

and I can distinguish odours like...

1:12:411:12:43

People always say, "How did you stand it?" I never noticed it.

1:12:431:12:49

I really never noticed the odour of decomposition.

1:12:491:12:52

And I had my 35mm camera calibrated

1:12:591:13:03

so it was on focus on the pig in the ground.

1:13:031:13:06

BUZZING

1:13:061:13:08

Once people find you're working with decomposing pigs,

1:13:121:13:16

they automatically think that you're using it

1:13:161:13:19

to estimate the time of a human...

1:13:191:13:22

..cos the skin and everything

1:13:231:13:25

is closer to a human than anything else.

1:13:251:13:28

The same insects that decompose humans

1:13:301:13:32

also decompose pigs.

1:13:321:13:35

You know, most of them do.

1:13:351:13:36

As I used to say, after six days, all you had was a few bones

1:13:411:13:45

and a hank of hair and a snout or two.

1:13:451:13:48

You know, you didn't have much.

1:13:481:13:50

SHEEP BLEAT

1:15:411:15:43

GUNSHOT

1:16:291:16:31

Oink explores man's relationship to pigs, diving headfirst into a beguiling mix of sentimentality and violence - from keeping pigs in your bed to factory farming.

The documentary veers wildly from the birth of Dorothy, our saddleback narrator, to zeno-transplantation of organs, from Ralph Steadman cartoons for Animal Farm to wild hogs being machine-gunned from a helicopter.

Oink is a mad, bad journey from China to Wiltshire via Brooklyn, which reflects on who we are and how we deal with the world around us.


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