Episode 4 Remembrance Week


Episode 4

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I'm here in Helmand province, Afghanistan, with the men and women

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who make up today's Armed Forces. In the lead-up to Remembrance

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Sunday, we are sharing the personal war stories to understand the

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enormous sacrifice made. This is Every day this week we mark the

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build-up to Remembrance Sunday by listening to those marching past

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the Cenotaph as they tell their personal stories of strength and

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courage. We also commemorate those who have laid down their lives for

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our country. Coming up in today's programme - I'm privileged to be in

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the hub of operations on a frontline patrol base. Sir Matthew

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Pinsent learns what life was like in the air for his great uncle

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during World War I. 96-year-old Rosemary Powell remembers the first

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poppy appeal, when she was just six years old. We have always worn a

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poppy, ever since that day. And the reality of war hits home for one

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Palestine veteran. When you're looking down the wrong end of a gun,

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Camp Bastion is the engine room of all the operations in Afghanistan.

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We're now going to find out what life is really like for the troops

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on the frontline. Every day, these Chinook helicopters ferry men and

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essential supplies to British soldiers throughout Helmand

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Province. And I'm lucky enough to have been given a seat on one. I'm

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flying over the deadly Green Zone to visit the men of A Company 1

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Rifles in the Nahr-e Saraj region. I want to discover what day-to-day

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life is like for soldiers living on the frontline in a patrol base.

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This one is in the heart of the notorious Green Zone, and I'm

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heading up to the watchtower to see how close we are to the front line.

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The watchtowers or sangers are the main form of protection for a

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patrol base. They are heavily-armed and offer a vantage point over the

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countryside to prevent a Taliban attack. Rifleman Josh Scorah is on

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duty. What are you looking for? General pattern of life. If there

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is no locals around, that is generally a bad sign. Because if

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the Taliban is in the area, they will warn off the locals from

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coming out. What about those white flags in the trees? Basically,

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they're Taliban flags. They come in and put these flags up in certain

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areas, they will then booby-trap the flags, put some kind of anti-

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Tampa device, or IEDs on the ground. So, we do not go anywhere near them.

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Those Taliban flags, which are maybe 100 metres away, are a clear

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reminder that we are in a dangerous place, which is why these guys in

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the watchtowers are alert 24 hours a day. Major Boswell has been

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commanding A Company in Patrol Base 4 for the past six months, and he

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and his men have made it their own. This is where it is all that, this

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is the front line for us. So, we have this patrol base, compound,

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and out of boredom, we add to it over the months, making

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improvements to the camp. We have got a carpenter, a welder, a

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British or a painter. Just seeing these random qualifications that

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the rilfe men have from various walks of life, and it all comes

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together to construct a massive construction company. It is amazing.

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It can be the most simple thing, like creating a drainage system for

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brushing your teeth, or putting up a shower system made from old money

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or sex. So everything has been built and produced by the rifleman?

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Absolutely. Of the 9,500 British troops in Helmand, around a third

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endure the simple conditions of frontline compounds like this one.

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One of Major Bosswell's riflemen, Jamie Thornton, has agreed to show

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me his company's creative DIY skills. This is the washing machine.

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It is a cement mixer! I don't know if that is bizarre or ingenious.

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is ingenious. So, hot water it goes into the cement mixer. Yes, and

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just turn it on. Just leave your washing in there, throw it in,

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can't brush your teeth, come back, rinse it, stick it in for a bit

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longer. It just gets the sweat out. What about the tumble-drier? That's

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the sun. Even the sleeping quarters are more basic than I ever imagined.

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This is where we sleep. We have got a bit of a mouse problem at the

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moment. We have got our mouse exterminator, as such, this is him.

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He's quite good so far. We have got six confirmed so far. When you see

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life in a base, you realise just how much we take for granted in the

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UK. You can't go for a quick jog outside the walls, so each base has

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its own small gym. Exercise is not just about the body, it also helps

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concentrate the mind, because soldiers like Jamie need to be

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ready to risk their lives at any moment. Our normal day is going out

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the gate... Just doing what we are trained to do. It is no different.

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It is different to many people's normal day, however. Suddenly the

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base seems empty and an eerie silence descends. It is quite quiet

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around the camp today - where is everybody? Most of the riflemen are

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out and about. Essentially, we are trying to draw them out, the

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insurgents. Bash in the operations room. The Ops Room is the hub of

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any operation it's where Major Boswell co-ordinates his men in

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battle. By using all the intelligence, they have identified

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two members of the Taliban. They are just waiting for the all-clear

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to engage. Major Boswell listens carefully to all the updates on the

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ground. Finally Major Boswell makes his decision. We are tracking that

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guy, the commander. Everyone has got their job, everyone's

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communicating brilliantly. It is an extremely exhilarating place to be.

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But there is a job at hand, and they're all focused on that. His

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men did not get the insurgent commander they were after on this

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day. Through the leadership of Major Boswell, and precision co-

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ordination, the mission is a success. But more importantly, with

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only two weeks of their tour left, none of A Company were killed or

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injured on the mission. These boys have been on the patrol we were

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watching from the Ops Room. They must have been on foot patrol for

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maybe five hours. It is baking hot. There were no casualties on this

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mission, but as Jamie reminds me, that's not always the case. My mate

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from camp, he was a double amputee. I was at a checkpoint at the time,

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when I found out that he was blown up. I went and saw him in Selly Oak.

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I was walking down the corridor, it was a really long corridor, and I

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had a bit of a cry. If there is one thing I have learnt from this place,

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it is just to live life to the max. You see people come and go all the

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time in the army. Jamie's moving story of his friend is a reminder

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of the reason I've come to Afghanistan. There is a special

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place set aside in this patrol base the memorial. The names of men and

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women who have fallen in battle in How many have we lost on this tour,

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and how many have been seriously injured? We have had an awful lot

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wounded, and an awful lot seriously wounded, but thankfully we have

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only lost two. There are some demons which we will deal with when

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we get home, and we will deal with them together. But right here, it

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is one big unit, one big happy family, and nothing can really

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upset that. Spending time at Patrol Base 4 has given me a real insight

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into how our troops live on the front line. It is really basic,

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harsh conditions, but their friendships get them through. Every

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time they leave those gates, they put their lives in danger. For that,

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they get my utmost respect. Still to come - Blitz Ambulance driver

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Peggy celebrates her 101st birthday. Everybody came together, everybody

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was nice to everybody. It was like Sadly, all the combat servicemen

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from the First World War have passed away. It falls upon a

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different type of British hero to remember the men and women who

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played their part in the Great War. Sir Matthew Pinsent has won four

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gold medals for his country and since appearing on Who Do You Think

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You Are? Has a newfound interest in genealogy. And he's keen to learn

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more about the life of his Great Uncle Philip in World War I. I know

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very little about his life. There is an amazingly touching family

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photo I have, and Philip is off to one side almost in a sailor suit.

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He must have been about five or six. Born in 1897, Philip was the

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youngest of five sons born to Matthew's paternal great

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grandparents. What I know of him, he volunteered for the air force,

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although I'm pretty sure it was not called the air force. He flew on

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the Western Front, he was wounded in the air, and he died one day

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short of his 19th birthday. I don't know what plane he was flying, how

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many missions or how long he had been flying for. I would like to

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picture if I can what was going through his mind, or appreciate a

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little bit more what that period of his life was like. And where better

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to begin Matthew's journey into the life of his great uncle than here

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at the RAF Museum in Hendon? Morning, Matthew, welcome to the

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Royal Air Force Museum. David Keen is a resident aviation historian

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and World War I enthusiast. And in the Bomber Hall, the history of the

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Royal Air Force is brought to life. David answers Matthew's first

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question of what plane Philip was flying. Your great-uncle was flying

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a BE2e, which is similar to this aeroplane. It was stretched over a

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wooden framework, it does not look very substantial, does it? By any

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measure, it is a debt trap. You have got a cushion, a wicker chair

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and a sheet of linen. It is very, very flimsy. It is just... It is

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what they had to do. This is the pilot's cockpit in the rear. He

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would have sat here, his observer would have been in front of him. He

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would have been looking out to see how far the British Army had

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advanced in the first days of the Battle of the Somme.

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communication between each of these two in the air, would they be able

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to shout back and forth? No, they would not be able to hear each

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other, it would be purely by hand signals. These BE2es were

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inherently safe aircraft, but unfortunately, that does not make

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it a safe military aeroplane. The German aircraft were superior,

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because this was not designed as a fighter. There is no protection at

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all. There is no protection from machine gun fire or anything like

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It is scratchy apart from anything else. And, very heavy. It is a

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lovely jacket. Et les -- like a heavy blanket. If it gave you any

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sense of protection, it would be a false one. This helmet is a leather,

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soft. It is not to protect the head but to protect your ears from

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frostbite. You need to see where you are going. A pair of goggles

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like that. Then, you would be trying to fly the aeroplane wearing

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gloves like this. With a very strong wind blowing in your face.

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And, no parachute? They felt it would cramp their start in the

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cockpit. And, if they had parachutes, they might jump out of

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the aeroplanes. This is something which would have been familiar to

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Philip. Their job was to relay information. There would be a wait.

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He would fly over headquarters and chuck that out. With its bright

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colour. It would flutter down helped by the lead weight. The

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commander on the ground would get the information from the very front

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as to how the attack was progressing. Guided solely by his

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observer, Philip flew over the western front mapping our ground

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troops advancement. In the museum's archive room, WW1 documents reveal

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more. The aircraft would fly overhead. At low level. To see

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whether troops were. That would be close enough to see a uniform?

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need to be under 1000 ft to distinguish in the form, and they

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needed to get down to 700 feet. They were susceptible to fire from

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the ground. The Battle of the Somme was one of the most bitterly

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contested and costly battles of the First World War resulting in

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millions of casualties both on the ground and in the sky. The BE2E was

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a very stable aircraft. Lovely for taking photos. But not a fighting

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aircraft. But it would have been outclassed by German opponents.

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Sometimes lucky, sometimes not. Therefore to have any chance

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against the enemy Philip had to have competence and skill. Which he

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demonstrated three months earlier when he left school to join the

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corps. Looking on 18 March, we can find among the privates, lowest

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rank in the Army, Winchester College, Officer Training Corps. He

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was in the equivalent of the combined Army Cadet Force. Moving

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on to the London Gazette. June 1916. Temporary second lieutenant. In

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just three months, Philip become an officer. Which was the only way he

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was able to be a pilot during World War I. So, a young man in his prime,

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an officer in the officer corps. A certain amount of Sligo. He would

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have considered himself the best. Philip was part of 34 Squadron

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which moved to France in 1916 in preparation for the battle of the

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Somme. And they set some pretty impressive records. The aeroplanes

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flew over in three days without damage! The first squadron to land

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all of their aeroplanes without a crash. It goes to show the

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hazardous nature of flying in those days. And a loop the loop. Very

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accomplished. In one of these aircraft, that is heroic. But on

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23rd September 1916, just four months after getting his aviation

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licence, Philip was shot. managed to land safely. He crashed.

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The nature of flying wasn't that different. Tragically, he was

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wounded. His observers did survive down to his skill, but he himself

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died of his wounds. It was the eve of his 19th birthday. This is a

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telegram that reported on Philip. 24th Sept 1916. It says,

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dangerously ill. Gun shot wounds. Injury above the waist. That is the

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vulnerable area. He was not going to survive that with the conditions

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of the time with the medical available. -- medicine. And sadly,

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he would lead the way for many others. So he was the first death

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for 34 Sqaudron in France? Yes. wasn't the trenches of the Battle

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of the Somme. One of the things about the whole First World War

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experience, you get the impression no lessons were learned that that

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is not the case. Certainly with aerial activity, they were keen to

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make sure they reported on what was effective, what could be improved,

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what worked really well and these lessons were taken to heart. Within

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13 years of the Wright Brothers inventing the first aircraft,

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British pilots were paving the way for modern warfare. His parents

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can't have imagined that this young man was going to fly. Yeah. Gosh.

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His mum might have been mortified Delving into the short life of his

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great uncle, Matthew now has a clearer picture of what it must

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have been light during the First World War. They might not have

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known it at the time, but we have got so much from what they did. For

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us, we have to say thank you. There is no other way, other than being

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respectful, for two minutes of your life. That is pretty simple. The

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the bombings of British cities still haunt the memories of many

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but there was a forgotten army of volunteers who braved the Blitz and

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saved lives. Surrounded by her close family,

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Peggy Crowther is celebrating a Born in 1910, Peggy demonstrated a

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passion for cars from an early age. I really loved being a driver. I

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didn't like being a passenger. I took a great interest in cars. I

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was quite good with engines as well. I learnt to drive as soon I was old

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enough to get my licence. And I happened to be a good one, so I got

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employed very quickly, and I signed on for the ambulance. Penny joined

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the Ambulance Service as a driver in 1939. And, after London was

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repeatedly bombed, she deliberately asked to be posted at the heart of

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the devastation. I had heard by bush telephone that "Jerry" was

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going to aim at the city, and the west end of London. There was going

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to be a lot of misery there. If you were going to do a job like that,

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you might as well start at the worst end. When Peggy was issued

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with her very first ambulance, she had to follow strict instructions.

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The most important thing is the ambulance. You can lose the people,

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but you mustn't lose the ambulance. You've got to get the ambulance

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home. That was the attitude. with so many things during wartime,

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Londoners made the best of what they had to get the job done. And

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this included the ambulance crews. The first type of ambulance we had

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was a converted lorry. It was bit high. We had an awful job lifting

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it up, to get it in. The person on the stretcher was usually a man and

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very rude. Calling us all sorts of things. Being incompetent women. In

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the end, we said, well, you get up and do it yourself! The relentless

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bombing of London during the Blitz meant Peggy and all the ambulance

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crews were called to duty on a regular basis. As the sirens went

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off, and they were having dog fights just above your head, and

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the bombs were falling. You didn't wait. You had to go out really if

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you were going to save a life. Blitz air raids killed nearly

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30,000 civilians and destroyed countless London buildings. The

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east end of London. Dropped some nasty bombs there. Almost before

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the dust had settled, we had to be there. And of course the hospital

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became full in no time, For Peggy, these moments were the most

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It was the children. A little boy of two. I always remember him, he

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would claim to May. He said, I will be killed. He was terrified. The

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raid was still on. He had been badly injured. I held him in the

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ambulance. It felt awful to take his off arms off me. Because you

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had to go and pick up other people. You have these memories that wake

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you up at night sometimes. Not so much lately. They did for a long

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time. But Peggy remained determined to try and help whenever and

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wherever she could. Every so many days, you had a day off. But I

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wouldn't take it. I had a job to do. I made the best of it. I was scared

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at times. But then you see someone worse off than yourselves. On one

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particular callout, Peggy and her crew had a very close encounter.

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This chap suddenly turned around. He said: Have you got a vacuum

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cleaner? No. In that case, perhaps you had better go for another walk.

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Because it was the bomb under the settee that was I sitting on. I'm

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not making it up, it's absolutely true! Amazingly, despite driving

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through bombing raids everyday, Peggy was never hit herself. But,

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returning home one night, she was very close to danger. Very

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cautiously I opened the bathroom door and there was a bit of a shell,

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red hot, in the bath. Burning away happily. The top of one of our own.

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We were under Primrose Hill. A misfire came through the roof. We

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went into the sitting room and got ourselves a good drink and said,

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"Who's going in first?" The bombing of London and many other cities was

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a major turning point during the Second World War. But, thanks to

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the bravery of incredible people like Peggy, countless lives were

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saved. Very happy birthday! Chin Well, everybody came together,

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everybody was nice to everybody. It It was just the spirit of the whole

:28:33.:28:43.
:28:43.:28:57.

thing really. I had no regrets of anything I did. No regrets.

:28:57.:29:01.

In our next story, a man's first day in the conflict zone is one he

:29:01.:29:09.

will never forget. On one day in 1948, Charles Speight

:29:09.:29:13.

escape the arms of the enemy twice. The first time was all down to a

:29:13.:29:23.
:29:23.:29:29.

The war was over, and just after Christmas I was told I was going to

:29:29.:29:33.

the Middle East. That was Christmas 1947. I had never been abroad

:29:33.:29:37.

before. I might have been to the Isle of Wight, but certainly never

:29:37.:29:41.

further than that. Everybody said, you will be all right as long as

:29:41.:29:51.
:29:51.:30:00.

you don't go to Palestine. In 1948, Charles Speight was just 19 years

:30:00.:30:03.

old and about to embark on his first posting as an RAF National

:30:03.:30:06.

Serviceman. Palestine was handed over to the British under a League

:30:06.:30:09.

of Nations mandate in 1920. Both Arab and Jewish nationalists used

:30:09.:30:12.

violence against each other as well as towards their mutual enemy the

:30:12.:30:15.

British. And aged just 20, it was Charles' first posting as an RAF

:30:15.:30:22.

National Serviceman. I knew there had been troubles, but nobody

:30:22.:30:26.

envisages that they will walk into trouble. But on 29th February 1948,

:30:26.:30:29.

that's exactly what happened, when Charles boarded a train for the

:30:29.:30:37.

final part of his journey. There was a regular service between Egypt

:30:37.:30:42.

and Palestine. It was an overnight train, but it ran on a regular

:30:42.:30:47.

basis. The front of the train was all civilians, the restaurant car

:30:47.:30:50.

was in the middle, and the troops were at the back of the train.

:30:50.:30:53.

Charles was in a carriage with 30 other troops, none of whom he'd met

:30:54.:31:02.

before. We were all armed, we all had rifles, because there was

:31:02.:31:06.

always the danger that people might attack the train, or try and steal

:31:06.:31:13.

stuff from the train by jumping aboard. So, they took turns in

:31:13.:31:19.

guarding both ends of the carriage. At about 2 o'clock in the morning,

:31:19.:31:26.

I went off guard and lay down as best I could on the carriage floor.

:31:26.:31:29.

At 4 o'clock in the morning I got a gentle kick to tell me I was on

:31:29.:31:34.

guard. I was politely reminding them that I had already done two

:31:34.:31:39.

hours, and I was politely reminded that I was doing another two. So, I

:31:39.:31:49.
:31:49.:31:58.

did another two hours on guard from four till six. The attendant from

:31:58.:32:02.

the restaurant car came down the train asking if anybody would like

:32:02.:32:07.

breakfast. I was with complete strangers, bear in mind, and I

:32:07.:32:11.

asked a few guys who were near me, did they fancy having breakfast?

:32:11.:32:16.

And nobody did. But I had been up most of the night, so I just asked

:32:17.:32:20.

if they would look after my kit and my rilfe, which I probably should

:32:20.:32:24.

not have left there anyway, but I did, and I went to the restaurant

:32:24.:32:34.
:32:34.:32:35.

car for breakfast. I think I had three rounds of toast and jam and

:32:35.:32:43.

tea for a price in excess of three shillings, as it was then, it was

:32:43.:32:51.

quite expensive in those days, about 15p. In the event, it was a

:32:51.:32:57.

price worth paying. Just moments later, the train went over a land

:32:57.:33:06.

mine. The carriage that I had been in was blown up. It was just the

:33:06.:33:13.

beginning of a day Charles will never forget. We all went to the

:33:13.:33:21.

back of the train, and it was not a very pleasant sight. Almost 30 of

:33:21.:33:27.

the people I had been with had been killed, and a lot of others injured.

:33:27.:33:30.

It was the second largest attack during the conflict, killing 28

:33:30.:33:40.

servicemen and local civilians. realised straightaway as I was

:33:40.:33:45.

going back that I should have been in that culture. For a start, I saw

:33:45.:33:50.

my kit bag, I knew it was the coach I was in. I was just fortunate that

:33:50.:33:59.

I chose to leave it and have a cup of tea and some toast. At breakfast

:33:59.:34:09.
:34:09.:34:09.

saved my life. But Charles' day was far from over. On arrival in

:34:09.:34:16.

Palestine, he travelled by road to his base. The rules seemed to vary

:34:16.:34:20.

in Palestine at that time. On some days we were asked to stop at road

:34:20.:34:25.

blocks, on other days, we were told to go through. This particular day

:34:25.:34:30.

was a day when we were requested to stop at roadblocks. So, we were

:34:30.:34:38.

progressing along quite comfortably until we were actually stopped. The

:34:38.:34:44.

next thing I knew, sitting in the back of a small truck, with canvas

:34:44.:34:48.

on top, was when an Arab Gentleman pointed a gun at us and said, would

:34:48.:34:56.

we get out? Which, when you're looking down the wrong end of a gun,

:34:56.:35:06.
:35:06.:35:10.

you do not argue. They marched us away from our truck, off the side

:35:10.:35:17.

of the road, up the hillside. They were armed, and we were, by then,

:35:17.:35:24.

unarmed, so there was no argument. You do as you're told. It is not

:35:24.:35:30.

playing cowboys and Indians, it is for real. They took one of the

:35:30.:35:38.

vehicles and all the equipment. And basically they just left us there.

:35:38.:35:43.

We were sitting in the middle of a rocky outcrop in the middle of

:35:43.:35:48.

Palestine, in those circumstances, when nobody knows you're there,

:35:48.:35:53.

except the group you're with, I think you... To think, where is

:35:53.:36:02.

this going to end? The after hours of uncertainty, Charles and his

:36:02.:36:07.

comrades were found and rescued. was quite an introduction to

:36:07.:36:17.
:36:17.:36:21.

Palestine. I think it probably made me into a man, yes. A day like that

:36:21.:36:29.

is a day you remember all your life. It stands out amongst all other

:36:29.:36:35.

days in my life, whatever has happened since. I shall never

:36:35.:36:45.
:36:45.:36:49.

forget it. I shall never forget it Supporting our troops, young and

:36:49.:36:52.

old, has always been important, but there is one military charity which

:36:52.:36:57.

has been on hand for the past 90 years. The Royal British Legion has

:36:57.:37:05.

only ever had one goal. The biggest part of our work is providing

:37:05.:37:09.

welfare support to the Armed Forces community, up to 9 million people

:37:09.:37:14.

in total. We're not just about old people, we are very much about the

:37:14.:37:18.

younger serving generation. From veterans of the Second World War to

:37:18.:37:23.

those serving here in Afghanistan, the Legion's message is simple -

:37:23.:37:28.

they're here to help any way they can. That's the point about the

:37:28.:37:34.

Legion. We are here yesterday, today and tomorrow, and for all

:37:34.:37:40.

their tomorrows. It formed in 1921, primarily as a reaction to those

:37:40.:37:44.

coming back from the First World War trenches, having experienced

:37:44.:37:48.

dreadful scenes and injuries in some cases, coming back to this

:37:48.:37:52.

country, really a country that was not judged to be fit for heroes at

:37:52.:37:57.

the time. So this was a coming together, promoted by one of our

:37:57.:38:02.

finders, in order to bring together a whole range of quite small

:38:03.:38:06.

organisations into one organisation, which is today the Royal British

:38:06.:38:13.

Legion. Everyone's needs are different, and the Royal British

:38:13.:38:17.

Legion is on hand for support. Anybody that brings us for help, we

:38:17.:38:21.

can be on their doorstep within an hour. It is not just an impersonal

:38:21.:38:25.

telephone call. It is not just a helpline. But it would not be where

:38:25.:38:29.

it is today without the generous support of the British public.

:38:29.:38:33.

is that grassroots activity from local communities which is the

:38:33.:38:36.

bread and butter, the life blood, of the Royal British Legion. We

:38:36.:38:40.

rely on this vast army of supporters to keep our income

:38:40.:38:46.

generated, so that we in turn can support that Armed Forces community.

:38:46.:38:50.

And one of their most loyal supporters is 96-year-old Rosemary

:38:50.:39:00.
:39:00.:39:02.

Powell, who was at the very first Poppy Appeal in 1921, aged just six.

:39:02.:39:07.

I had one uncle that was very badly wounded, and they said, this money

:39:07.:39:14.

will help people like him, who were wounded. I always remember that. It

:39:14.:39:19.

is the first thing I had really done alone, standing on the bridge,

:39:19.:39:22.

with the River Thames running underneath, just giving people

:39:22.:39:27.

these poppy to put in their buttonholes. I have always worn a

:39:27.:39:33.

human, -- Warner poppy, ever since that day, we knew how important it

:39:33.:39:37.

was. With more and more injured service personnel needing lifelong

:39:37.:39:41.

care, this money makes sure that they can still live life to the

:39:41.:39:47.

full. At the end of last year, we committed �50 million, our largest

:39:47.:39:53.

single donation. We're spending around �200,000 each day, 365 days

:39:53.:39:58.

a year. Since the Second World War there has only been one year where

:39:58.:40:08.
:40:08.:40:09.

a member of our Armed Forces has not been killed on active service.

:40:10.:40:16.

We are the National custodians of remembrance. We look after the

:40:16.:40:19.

National Memorial Arboretum, in Staffordshire, and they're getting

:40:19.:40:24.

300,000 visitors each year, it is a huge drawl. It is for people who

:40:24.:40:28.

wish to visit a place where they can remember their fallen comrades

:40:28.:40:33.

and former members of the family. Year on year, the Royal British

:40:33.:40:39.

Legion is constantly evolving to raise awareness. But there are some

:40:39.:40:43.

people who think we only par putt three weeks of the year, when we

:40:43.:40:47.

are collecting for the Poppy Appeal. In fact, whilst Remembrance is a

:40:47.:40:50.

very important part of our activities, it is one of the

:40:50.:40:56.

smaller parts. The Legion does fund-raising all through the year,

:40:56.:41:00.

and sometimes they call on famous faces. Increasingly we are engaging

:41:00.:41:04.

the support of the younger generation, and younger people that

:41:04.:41:11.

we would recognise, if you like, celebrities. And so we see

:41:11.:41:15.

performers and artists right the way across the generations, helping

:41:15.:41:20.

us to change the image, towards one which transcends the generations,

:41:20.:41:26.

not just one which is associated with the older generation. And this

:41:26.:41:31.

year marks a huge milestone for this military charity. The Royal

:41:32.:41:36.

British Legion is 90 years young this year. We are marking it with a

:41:36.:41:40.

series of events across the country. The objective in fund-raising terms

:41:40.:41:46.

this year is to try to raise �90 million in our 90th year. This will

:41:46.:41:50.

no doubt mean that thousands of supporters will dig deep and go the

:41:50.:41:56.

distance. We do an annual Pedal to Paris, which has been going for

:41:56.:42:02.

quite some years. It is one of just two occasions when the Arc de

:42:02.:42:07.

Triomphe is closed to traffic. It is very well supported, it raises

:42:07.:42:12.

about half-a-million pounds each year, just that event. Some

:42:12.:42:22.
:42:22.:42:23.

fundraisers go to the greatest of heights. Jump for Heroes is the

:42:23.:42:27.

name given to two serving members of the Armed Forces, who do

:42:28.:42:33.

freefall skydiving. They will jump from anything, as long as it is

:42:33.:42:38.

sufficient high. Mountainsides, tops of buildings, bridges, you

:42:38.:42:48.
:42:48.:42:49.

name it, and they go at a terrifying speed. To mark this

:42:49.:42:53.

special anniversary, the Prime Minister hosted a tea-party in

:42:54.:42:58.

their honour. A very happy birthday to the Royal British Legion, one of

:42:58.:43:02.

the finest voluntary bodies in Britain. To me, it is about

:43:02.:43:06.

remembrance, it helps remember those who have given such sacrifice.

:43:06.:43:10.

But above all it is about service and welfare and actually helping

:43:10.:43:14.

people who serve the Armed Forces and making sure we do right by them,

:43:14.:43:21.

Gethin Jones is in Afghanistan to honour those that have fought there as well as reflecting on all the other servicemen and women who have taken part in past conflicts around the world.


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