A Jubilee Tribute to The Queen by the Prince of Wales The Queen's Diamond Jubilee


A Jubilee Tribute to The Queen by the Prince of Wales

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# God save our gracious Queen

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# Long live our noble Queen

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# God save the Queen

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# Send her... #

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'There's probably no better place to begin

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'this rather personal tribute to the Queen than here at Balmoral.

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'The castle was built for Queen Victoria,

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'the only previous monarch to celebrate a Diamond Jubilee

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'in our long history.'

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'So many wonderful things have been said about my mama this year,

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'but with the aide of cine films

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'and photographs that she and my father took

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'of my sister and me as children,

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'I just wanted to take this opportunity to reflect

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'on some of private as well as public moments

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'of her memorable reign.'

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If I can get it open.

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A-ha!

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It's a wonderfully battered box.

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Oh, do look at all these things.

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And you see, I think....

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..this one...

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Yes.

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Funnily enough, I think my mama must have probably inherited the interest

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from her father, my grandfather, King George VI,

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because he also took quite a lot of film in the '30s.

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I think my mama kept up the habit of taking cine films.

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Because I remember so well my parents, well, both my parents

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seemed to have enjoyed filming things.

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There was a lot of things went on, you know, with cine cameras.

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I remember when I was young.

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But then, obviously I haven't seen a lot of them for years.

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That's why, you know, now it's been so interesting and amusing,

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and...and touching, actually, to see some of them.

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PRINCE CHARLES CHUCKLES

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That's my aunt, Princess Margaret. Oh, my sister, Anne.

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This must have been 1952, wasn't it?

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PRINCE CHARLES CHUCKLES

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That was always such fun, doing that.

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I remember doing that with my children as well, down that bank.

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Endlessly.

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Couldn't reach the pedals!

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PRINCE CHARLES CHUCKLES

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Whoops!

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I suspect every generation did this on this bank

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and I have a feeling Queen Victoria's children

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probably did exactly the same thing.

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This was a...electric car.

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It was my mama's and she'd had it when she was a child,

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I have a feeling.

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I'm trying to run my sister down, anyway.

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Rather good colour, isn't it?

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I must say. They have lasted jolly well, these films.

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I can hardly believe how much things have changed,

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since the 1950s, in every walk of life.

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So, the fact that my mama has been a constant feature on the scene,

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has provided that sense, I think, of continuity

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in a time of immense change over the last 60 years,

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I think is one of the most important things to celebrate,

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it seems to me, because perhaps subconsciously people

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feel encouraged, perhaps,

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reassured by something that's always there.

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Your Majesty, I know I speak for all those who have the privilege

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to wear your uniform and hold your commission

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when I thank you for your dedication to our service and to our country.

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Three cheers for Her Majesty the Queen.

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-Hip hip!

-Hooray!

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-Hip hip!

-Hooray!

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-Hip hip!

-Hooray!

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Of course, a jubilee now,

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a Diamond Jubilee being a pretty unique event, to say the least,

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perhaps helps to bring the whole country together,

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and provide opportunity for celebration,

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remembering the things that help to define us, perhaps.

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From the very start,

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the Queen had to prepare for the most important event of any reign -

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the Coronation.

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She has a private memento of that June day

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especially filmed behind the scenes at Buckingham Palace.

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I suspect this must be getting ready for going out to the coach.

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She does look incredibly calm.

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I suppose she had a sense

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that everything possible had been thought of.

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She'd also had several rehearsals.

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On such a momentous day, you'd think there might be some nerves

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about the need to get everything right,

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with everyone watching on the television and so on.

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But then my mama does have amazing poise.

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These are the last few private moments

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before the State Coach comes out into public view.

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It has to do a huge semicircle in the inner courtyard

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before it emerges through the central arch

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on its way to Westminster Abbey.

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It was quite a long walk, of course, with...people walking along beside.

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-COMMENTATOR:

-'Leaving her home on what must surely be

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'the greatest day of her life,

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'Queen Elizabeth drives to her coronation.'

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'And so on past Admiralty Arch and through Trafalgar Square...'

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The extraordinary thing was

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the wonderful atmosphere in London and everywhere.

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It was, it was palpable.

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And all that helps to carry you along,

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I'm sure my mama would say now.

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But you see, for me, I remember having my hair cut

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and all that sort of thing beforehand,

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and plastered down with the most frightful stuff,

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which annoyed me to such a degree!

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And then being strapped into this splendid outfit.

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All those sort of preparations are far more vivid, really,

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than the actual occasion.

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You absolutely do try and get it right.

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So anybody would be pretty apprehensive.

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You know, hence the practising wearing things

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and getting used to what they felt like.

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It was...such an enormous occasion.

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Will you solemnly promise and swear to govern the peoples

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of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland,

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Canada, Australia, New Zealand,

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'the Union of South Africa, Pakistan and Ceylon,'

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and of your possessions and the other territories

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to any of them belonging or pertaining,

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according to their respective laws and customs?

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I solemnly promise so to do.

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'My grandmother used to, you know, lean down

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'and explain some of the things that were going on'

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or try and get me to notice things, you know,

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"This is the moment" and so on.

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'ALL: God save the Queen!'

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Long live the Queen!

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God save the Queen!

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FANFARE

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-NEWSREADER:

-'The word has gone forth -

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'The Queen is crowned!'

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# Send her victorious

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# Happy and glorious

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# Long to reign over us

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# God save the Queen. #

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'And now we're back inside Buckingham Palace.'

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I should think... I should think the crown was rather agony by then.

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It's incredibly heavy.

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That's why, you know, my mama had to practise so much wearing it.

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You had to, you see, to learn how to wear it for longish periods,

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because it goes on, the ceremony, for quite a long time,

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so you can end up with a terrible headache.

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So I remember my mama coming, you know, up,

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when we were being bathed as children,

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with wearing...wearing the crown, it was quite funny, practising.

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That's a vivid memory, I must say.

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You can imagine great fascination

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with small children looking at the crown,

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peering at the jewels.

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"Oh, can I take it off?"

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Ah, somebody trod on it!

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Fascinated by it, you know.

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CROWD CHEERS

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HER MAJESTY: 'As this day draws to its close,

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'I know that my abiding memory of it will be

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'not only the solemnity and beauty of the ceremony,

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'but the inspiration of your loyalty and affection.'

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Look exhausted!

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We were in the picture gallery.

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We must be waiting for photographs or something, I suppose.

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PRINCE CHARLES LAUGHS

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So mama's obviously taken the crown off to have a rest.

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Here we are, you see, in the throne room. Oh, yes, look.

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There's Princess Alexandra in her gold coronet,

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and my aunt, Princess Marina, the Duchess of Kent.

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A rather wonderful gathering of diamonds, I must say!

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It's fantastic, isn't it?

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It's all the flashes, I suspect.

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Lord Mountbatten, my great uncle.

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Frightfully proud I was of my Coronation medal.

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Splendid.

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'For most of the year, Buckingham Palace is the Queen's main home.

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'From my earliest childhood, I was always aware

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'that her official engagements were part of the daily rhythm.'

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Natural grace is something you're born with, I suspect.

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And, of course, she wore such marvellous things, I think.

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As children, of course, it was, it was always fascinating to see,

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particularly when she was, you know,

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wearing a long dress and tiara and jewellery and everything else.

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It was rather marvellous, I remember being fascinated by that.

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When she would come in occasionally before going to something...

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gaze in amazement and always looks marvellous

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in those jewels, I think.

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This is my great grandmother, Queen Mary, who I,

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you know, I do remember when she was in her 80s, I suppose.

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But it's intriguing looking at the...some of the jewellery

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to see, you know, how...how much is used still.

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And the Queen, still, she wears that tiara quite a lot.

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And probably the earrings and part of the diamond necklace.

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But over the years, things get reset, you know.

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My great-great-grandmother, Queen Alexandra, I mean,

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she really did go to town, it's absolutely wonderful.

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She loved ropes of pearls and isn't it wonderful

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the way they were criss-crossed and hung like that.

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And again, there are pieces there that,

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the tiara is one that my mama wears.

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And you'll see that one in the... usually Opening of Parliament.

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FANFARE PLAYS ON SOUNDTRACK

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COMMENTATOR: 'Through the gates of Buckingham Palace,

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'Her Majesty the Queen,

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'accompanied by the Duke of Edinburgh, drives in state

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'to open the new session of Parliament.

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'Not for 66 years has a reigning queen presided at this ceremony.'

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We used to spend a lot of time

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with our noses pressed against the window,

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watching all sorts of things going on, like this.

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'The Queen, wearing a diamond and pearl tiara,

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'is a picture of grace and charm to delight the cheering crowds.'

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I've always thought that my mama looks absolutely wonderful

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in that tiara, the one she wears for the State Opening Of Parliament.

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You know it was made for the Prince Regent?

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That's the amazing thing when you think about it. But it...

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I thought she looked absolutely marvellous in it.

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'She's now opened Parliament at Westminster 59 times.

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'The first was back in 1952,

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'when Sir Winston Churchill was Prime Minister.

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'And then, of course, there are all the overseas realms

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'in which she is also Queen.'

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When I opened Parliament in, in Canada,

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then I came here and opened Parliament,

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and then in the Virgin Islands, and then in Antigua,

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then in Barbados, then I flew home by Concorde, which was the only way

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I could get home in time to open Parliament in London.

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'All the Queen's British Prime Ministers

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'have been invited to Balmoral for the weekend,

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'and joined in whatever the family was doing.

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'Sir Winston was no exception.'

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I suspect she was taking these, look.

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Oh, look, there's Lady Churchill, Sir Winston Churchill's wife.

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There he is, look. See, I remember this one so well,

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I remember him sitting there with...

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he'd found a bit of driftwood and said,

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"I'm waiting for the Loch Ness Monster," he said.

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Don't you love his sort of wonderfully un-Scottish garb?

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That hat.

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Lady Churchill trying to guard him, I think.

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By then, I suppose he was...must've been 80, I suppose, wasn't he?

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It's extraordinary when you think he was still the Prime Minister.

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PRINCE CHARLES LAUGHS

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It must have been, in some ways, quite reassuring

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for my mama to have somebody like that when she first started.

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I mean, with all that experience going back such a long way to the...

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before the First World War and all the way through.

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Remarkable when you think about it.

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Somebody like that to deal with or to...

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to hear his perspective on what was going on.

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Well, I sometimes wonder whether Sir Winston wasn't in a way

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rather like Lord Melbourne was to Queen Victoria,

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you know, when she first came to the throne.

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He grew to adore her, and she adored him, of course.

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Well, I think my mama, I mean, he was

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such an extraordinary character and so amusing, Sir Winston,

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he came out with these wonderful remarks, but wonderful.

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And you couldn't fail, really, to be intrigued and fascinated by that.

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COMMENTATOR: 'Now the man, who through the darkest days of the war,

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'would report regularly to the Sovereign

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'all the great affairs of state, is no longer Prime Minister.'

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'The extraordinary thing now when you think about it is that,

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'as prime ministers have come and gone over the past 60 years,

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'the boot perhaps is on the other foot.

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'It's the Queen who has the equivalent

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'of Sir Winston's span of experience.

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'Two of her 12 British Prime Ministers

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'hadn't even been born when she came to the throne.'

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Mr Jim Callaghan,

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he used to tell me occasionally that he had

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developed an enormous respect for my mama,

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an understanding, I think, of the role of the sovereign,

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having not really done so before to the same extent.

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And he told me then that he realised more and more after,

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you know, meetings with my mama, as Prime Minister and so on,

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just how important, he said anyway,

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he'd realised the... the role of the sovereign was.

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This is my mama's album... this must've be when...

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must've been the first one, I think, because it actually says in here,

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"HRH Prince Charles, his book," it says,

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"14th November, 1948," which was when I was born.

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There's me here with my mama. This, I suppose,

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was September 1949 up in Scotland.

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I was nearly one, I suppose, by then.

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Now, I think that dog was called Susan, but...

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my mama will probably tell me I'm wrong.

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Look, sniff, sniff, "Be very careful of dog."

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Getting me to stand up, trying to walk, look.

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Not very successfully.

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Very ticklish.

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I sort of vaguely remember those leggings I wore in those days.

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PRINCE CHARLES CHUCKLES

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Oh, yes, here was an early introduction to Trooping the Colour,

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looking over the wall, Clarence House into The Mall.

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All the bands coming past and then my grandfather,

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King George VI, in his carriage at that stage, this is in 1950,

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because he wasn't riding, he was not well enough I think.

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There's my grandfather in the carriage all on his own,

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King George VI.

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Oh, there's my mama.

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Yes, you see she's been made Colonel of the Grenadiers, you see.

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You see the cap with the Grenadiers' crest.

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There's my great-uncle, the Duke of Gloucester.

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And it's interesting that in those days there was only

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the Duke of Gloucester and my mama who were riding behind the carriage.

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Now there's more of us.

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The wonderful thing is nothing has changed,

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it's still done he same way. So this must have been my father, I think,

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taking the film. He'd obviously gone up to the window.

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Oh, here we are coming back again, up The Mall.

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I shall have to ask my mama which horse that was she was riding.

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PRINCE CHARLES LAUGHS

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Because it's quite a long sit, you know, on a horse.

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It gets quite tiring, amazingly.

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Well, into the centre room, which leads onto the balcony.

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I remember as a child so often at the Trooping of the Colour,

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you know, being fascinated by what appeared to be

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frightfully tall gentlemen in uniforms, you know.

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Always riveted by the swords and the aiguillettes

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and, "What's that?", you know.

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Wanting to pull swords out, you know, and push them back in again.

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And, of course, you see the Queen always has taken such

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a particular interest in all the horses to do with the Trooping,

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and all the carriage horses and everything else,

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so she knows a huge amount about all of that, all of them.

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And, of course, when she used to ride in the Trooping then,

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that was marvellous, I always thought.

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She used to do quite a lot of practice riding side saddle

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beforehand at Windsor, you know, or sometimes in the riding school here,

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because otherwise she didn't ride side saddle normally.

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That's in the Great Park at Windsor.

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This must be in the late 1940s.

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For most of her life,

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my mama has gone riding there every morning whenever she's at Windsor.

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My aunt.

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I've never forgotten her endlessly trying to get us to learn

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how to do a trot,

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which I seem to remember at the beginning was so difficult.

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Then suddenly it comes. This splendid pony we had called Fun.

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That's at Sandringham.

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It's much better to learn all these things when you're young

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because, you know, it never seems to be much of an effort.

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I remember that jacket of my mama's so well.

0:25:560:25:59

Still got the light meter around her neck.

0:26:050:26:08

Going backwards and forwards.

0:26:130:26:16

Is that my sister in the background? Must be, mustn't it? Yes.

0:26:160:26:20

It could have been me, couldn't it, I suppose, taking this film.

0:26:230:26:28

The wobbly bits. Yes.

0:26:280:26:30

In 60 years, it's extraordinary the number of countries my parents

0:26:360:26:40

have managed to visit.

0:26:400:26:43

I so admire the way she's helped to hold that unique association,

0:26:430:26:47

the Commonwealth, together.

0:26:470:26:49

And I think...just the sheer number of heads of state who are

0:26:510:26:56

coming to the Jubilee celebrations I think shows the, you know,

0:26:560:27:01

the respect and affection which my mama is held all around the world.

0:27:010:27:06

Somebody asked me had I been to Africa before,

0:27:060:27:12

which was nice of them to ask,

0:27:120:27:14

but I did say that I had been everywhere in the Commonwealth,

0:27:140:27:19

in Africa, and in other countries in Africa.

0:27:190:27:22

I think I've seen more of Africa than almost anybody.

0:27:220:27:24

You know, her knowledge and experience

0:27:240:27:29

of a lot of these countries and the people involved in them

0:27:290:27:35

has been well pretty extensive after 60 years.

0:27:350:27:38

Her first tour as Queen, just after the Coronation, took her

0:27:410:27:44

to 15 countries around the world,

0:27:440:27:47

and she was away from November to May.

0:27:470:27:49

She became the first reigning monarch to set foot

0:27:490:27:52

in New Zealand, and there was a sort of frenzied excitement in the crowd.

0:27:520:27:56

This is the first time that I have spoken to New Zealanders

0:27:560:28:01

in their own homeland, and my first words must be to tell you

0:28:010:28:06

how happy I am to be amongst you.

0:28:060:28:09

I think almost the whole population

0:28:090:28:12

turned out to see her during her five weeks there.

0:28:120:28:16

I think with the Coronation tour they went away

0:28:160:28:18

for something like six months I think, something like that.

0:28:180:28:21

It was quite a long time, to say the least.

0:28:210:28:25

'With my parents the other side of the world,

0:28:290:28:31

'my sister and I were the first ones to sail on the brand new Britannia

0:28:310:28:36

'as we set off from Portsmouth to meet them in the Mediterranean.

0:28:360:28:41

'My grandmother and my aunt took us on board.'

0:28:410:28:43

Oh, look, you see the excitement of exploring.

0:28:440:28:48

COMMENTATOR:' This is the first time any of the Royal visitors

0:28:480:28:50

'have seen the splendid new yacht.

0:28:500:28:52

'The Royal children will soon be on their way

0:28:520:28:54

'to join their mother again.

0:28:540:28:55

'It has been nearly five months

0:28:550:28:57

'since the Queen was with her children,

0:28:570:28:59

'though she has kept close contact with them

0:28:590:29:01

'throughout her tour by radio telephone.'

0:29:010:29:03

And, of course, in those days it took FOREVER to get through,

0:29:030:29:07

you know, you'd wait and wait for the connections and clicks

0:29:070:29:09

and all this sound, you could just eventually hear

0:29:090:29:14

a tiny, tiny voice miles away.

0:29:140:29:18

And you'd shout and shout, and you couldn't quite hear.

0:29:180:29:21

Finally, we just got the odd little tiny sense of what was being said

0:29:210:29:25

and that was the only sort of connection we had on the telephone,

0:29:250:29:28

and a little letter every now and then.

0:29:280:29:31

But I mean, we used to have great fun.

0:29:310:29:32

The sailors built a wonderful sort of Heath Robinson

0:29:320:29:36

type of slide that came down the steps with a sea water pump -

0:29:360:29:41

you could put the water down and then you'd slide down it

0:29:410:29:44

and see how far you could slide along the deck when you got wet,

0:29:440:29:47

hoping there weren't any splinters!

0:29:470:29:51

These are these wonderful sailors who looked after us,

0:29:540:29:58

who had infinite patience and endless, you know,

0:29:580:30:02

ideas about how to entertain us.

0:30:020:30:04

It was all deck quoits and goodness knows what, and deck hockey.

0:30:040:30:08

And we spent a lot of time cleaning and washing down everywhere.

0:30:080:30:13

Dress up in the sailors' enormous boots - quite a funny photograph.

0:30:130:30:17

Early signs of an interest in joining the Royal Navy there.

0:30:170:30:21

Not a very good salute.

0:30:210:30:24

You can imagine, you know,

0:30:260:30:28

the anticipation mounted as we got nearer and nearer,

0:30:280:30:32

past Gibraltar and then Malta and then we reached Tobruk,

0:30:320:30:36

where the Queen and Prince Philip were finishing

0:30:360:30:40

in Libya of all places.

0:30:400:30:42

Extraordinary when you think of it.

0:30:420:30:44

Yes, you can imagine, after all these months, it was,

0:30:440:30:47

it was very exciting to see them again.

0:30:470:30:49

And it must have been exciting for them too, I suspect.

0:30:510:30:55

My sister and I must have changed quite a bit while they'd been away,

0:30:550:30:59

and it was also their first time on board Britannia.

0:30:590:31:03

My mama soon had her camera out.

0:31:030:31:06

My great uncle, Lord Mountbatten,

0:31:100:31:12

was then the Commander in Chief Mediterranean

0:31:120:31:15

and he was leading the whole of the Mediterranean fleet in a sail past.

0:31:150:31:18

Really close because he was determined to make it impressive,

0:31:210:31:24

which indeed it was, you can imagine, that speed.

0:31:240:31:28

Look at it. I've never forgotten this, it was so...

0:31:350:31:39

I thought, thrilling to see this.

0:31:390:31:41

Oh, there's Lord Mountbatten coming across on the jackstay transfer.

0:31:510:31:56

Oh, don't tell me he went down it, did he?

0:32:030:32:06

He did!

0:32:090:32:12

He couldn't resist it!

0:32:120:32:15

PRINCE CHARLES CHUCKLES

0:32:150:32:18

And my father.

0:32:180:32:19

On the way home we went to Gibraltar.

0:32:230:32:26

Of course, you have to go and see the Barbary Apes on the Rock.

0:32:260:32:30

Bit of a hazardous experience, particularly for my sister.

0:32:320:32:36

PRINCE CHARLES CHUCKLES

0:32:430:32:45

COMMENTATOR: 'Down through the narrow winding streets,

0:32:470:32:50

'so familiar to generations of British serving men,

0:32:500:32:53

'went a Royal Family party.'

0:32:530:32:55

Well, I'd forgotten that!

0:32:550:32:57

'There was the Britannia with her armada,

0:33:020:33:04

'bringing back Queen Elizabeth from her journey round the world.'

0:33:040:33:07

This I do remember vividly.

0:33:070:33:10

My grandmother running up.

0:33:160:33:18

Such a long time. Everybody had been away.

0:33:180:33:22

'It was a proud Queen Mother, eager to see her daughter again,

0:33:220:33:25

'and Princess Margaret hurried up the gangway to join her sister.

0:33:250:33:29

'Then the river procession which all London, all Britain,

0:33:320:33:35

'had been waiting to see.'

0:33:350:33:37

BELLS PEAL

0:33:390:33:41

'As the bells rang out,

0:33:410:33:43

'the church bells of all the United Kingdom joined them.

0:33:430:33:46

'For it's her presence, wherever she may be that unites us.'

0:33:460:33:50

Oh, there we are, are we sitting in a carriage?

0:34:000:34:04

Yes, look.

0:34:040:34:05

Learning early how to wave.

0:34:050:34:08

'It was a grey May afternoon,

0:34:090:34:11

'when were those children who'd won all hearts.

0:34:110:34:13

'She drove through London to the end of her journey.'

0:34:130:34:16

And of course in those days,

0:34:160:34:18

it was quite a major expedition to go on these tours.

0:34:180:34:22

And each time they came back, they went to the Guildhall

0:34:220:34:24

for a welcome back, a lunch and everything else and a drive.

0:34:240:34:28

You know, with everything, the Household Cavalry.

0:34:280:34:32

And then I remember, always, there were these endless crowds

0:34:320:34:35

standing outside, you know,

0:34:350:34:36

"We want the Queen, we want the Queen" went on all the time.

0:34:360:34:40

I wouldn't do that now!

0:34:450:34:48

I suffer from vertigo. It's all right when you're small.

0:34:480:34:52

What on Earth did my mama say to me!?

0:34:570:34:59

PRINCE CHARLES LAUGHS

0:34:590:35:01

Mama fishing...

0:35:060:35:08

Extraordinary.

0:35:080:35:10

Oh, look, that's the wonderful old head keeper who was here

0:35:120:35:15

called Don MaCardy, who took me fishing, aged seven, I think.

0:35:150:35:19

I know where that is, that's down from Birkhall.

0:35:190:35:23

My mama hasn't fished for a long time.

0:35:250:35:27

But in the '40s and '50s, she did a bit.

0:35:300:35:33

Oh, I remember that old Ford, it's so wonderful!

0:35:360:35:39

That old Ford station wagon, which creaked, all the wood...

0:35:390:35:44

I've never... It was such heaven.

0:35:440:35:47

Well, that's the first film I've ever seen of my mama fishing,

0:35:470:35:51

it's absolutely riveting!

0:35:510:35:53

It is a wonderful means of recharging batteries,

0:35:550:36:00

Balmoral, I think.

0:36:000:36:01

It just has a very special atmosphere

0:36:040:36:07

and life's so busy, you know, and it's always in public and so on,

0:36:070:36:12

it's just so nice to be able to escape somewhere, like here.

0:36:120:36:16

Oh, look, that was trying to make tea.

0:36:200:36:23

It was always rather exciting trying to get it going!

0:36:240:36:27

No, it's just...vital to... recharge.

0:36:330:36:40

And you feel all the sort of concerns

0:36:400:36:42

and cares leaving you for a bit.

0:36:420:36:45

That must be my pictures again, I think.

0:36:550:36:59

Go on, find it!

0:37:050:37:07

FANFARE

0:37:150:37:18

COMMENTATOR: 'And now begins the ceremony of the Investiture

0:37:260:37:29

'of His Royal Highness the Prince of Wales.'

0:37:290:37:33

To think what a long time ago it was, really, this.

0:37:330:37:37

I was only 21.

0:37:370:37:39

'Charles Phillip Arthur John...'

0:37:410:37:45

There had been endless rehearsals that I'd been involved in.

0:37:450:37:50

All these people, you see, the great officers of state and so on.

0:37:510:37:57

It was quite funny because the Earl Marshall,

0:37:570:37:59

who was in charge of all this, was a splendid man, the Duke of Norfolk,

0:37:590:38:03

and Garter King of Arms, who was in charge of it...

0:38:030:38:08

They used to have endless arguments, it was quite funny.

0:38:080:38:11

'Her Majesty, takes the sword.'

0:38:110:38:13

I can't remember my mama...

0:38:130:38:16

She came to one. I think we did a bit of a rehearsal.

0:38:160:38:20

But I remember we stamped about the garden at Buckingham Palace

0:38:200:38:23

with people being put in their places!

0:38:230:38:27

Everybody forgetting which way round everything was, it was very funny.

0:38:270:38:30

Anyway, there we are. It happened on the day, that was the great thing.

0:38:300:38:34

'And in a moment, the Prince pays homage to the Queen

0:38:350:38:41

'by placing his hands between those of his mother.

0:38:410:38:46

My mama busy dressing me,

0:38:480:38:50

rather like she did when I was small!

0:38:500:38:53

PRINCE CHARLES LAUGHS

0:38:530:38:54

With the same expression on the face, if you know what I mean.

0:38:540:38:57

Quite funny.

0:38:570:38:59

And then you have to swear fealty, you know, your lifelong liegeman.

0:39:020:39:10

I, Charles Prince of Wales,

0:39:110:39:14

do become your liegeman of life and limb

0:39:140:39:17

and of Earthly worship, and faith and truth

0:39:170:39:21

I will bear unto thee to live and die against all manner of folks.

0:39:210:39:26

It's rather splendid stuff.

0:39:280:39:31

I had to remember it.

0:39:310:39:33

Easier to do aged 21 than it would be now, I think.

0:39:330:39:37

APPLAUSE

0:39:370:39:40

This is desperate pedalling!

0:39:530:39:55

PRINCE CHARLES LAUGHS

0:39:590:40:03

Princess Margaret.

0:40:150:40:17

My mama takes a great pride in her family,

0:40:240:40:29

from having been a young mother at the start of her reign,

0:40:290:40:34

to now being a great-grandmother twice over.

0:40:340:40:39

The photographs would pile up around, you know, everywhere.

0:40:550:40:59

It was trying to find time, I think, for her to sit

0:40:590:41:03

and fit them into the albums.

0:41:030:41:05

But over the years, it's amazing how many she's managed to do.

0:41:050:41:10

Where did I get this hat?

0:41:100:41:12

Oh, there we are, I remember so well that old...

0:41:210:41:25

What are they called, Rolleiflexes or something,

0:41:250:41:27

weren't they called, those cameras?

0:41:270:41:29

I must say they're rather irresistible at that age!

0:41:480:41:51

They're basically sort of cattle dogs, you know,

0:41:550:41:57

so they would sort of snap at the heels of the cattle

0:41:570:42:00

and push them along.

0:42:000:42:01

Course the trouble is they... don't just stop at cattle!

0:42:010:42:06

At Windsor there were a few anxious sentries in sentry boxes,

0:42:090:42:13

I think, from time to time!

0:42:130:42:15

After being here at Windsor for so long,

0:42:200:42:24

it has, I think, a particular resonance for my mama.

0:42:240:42:26

This is the Grand Corridor, Green Corridor, in fact it used to

0:42:290:42:33

be red in Queen Victoria's day I think, and now it's gone green.

0:42:330:42:38

She was here during the war and come every weekend for 60 years.

0:42:380:42:45

And has, I mean, a very great attachment to it I think, you know.

0:42:450:42:51

All the horses are in the stables

0:42:510:42:53

and she always goes for walks down at the bottom of the hill there.

0:42:530:42:58

And of course, you know,

0:42:580:43:00

there's such a big community that lives here now at Windsor.

0:43:000:43:05

And...very much part of her life.

0:43:050:43:09

I mean, who could fail, really, I think, to have their spirits

0:43:090:43:14

raised by a place like this, which was built to pray

0:43:140:43:19

for the souls of the departed,

0:43:190:43:22

and to be a special place of worship for the sovereign.

0:43:220:43:27

It always has had this special significance,

0:43:300:43:33

which, you know, I think the Queen feels very deeply.

0:43:330:43:37

She made a very interesting speech the other day

0:43:400:43:42

about how, you know, the Church of England,

0:43:420:43:45

the fact that it is an established church, she said,

0:43:450:43:50

helps to provide the right kind of protective space

0:43:500:43:55

for all the other religions, that's the point.

0:43:550:43:58

And I think if you talked to any of the other faiths

0:43:580:44:01

in this country, they will all say the same thing.

0:44:010:44:03

They all actually appreciate the way things are structured

0:44:030:44:08

in this country, which provides them with the freedom to worship

0:44:080:44:12

as they wish.

0:44:120:44:15

I think, you know, my mama understands all that

0:44:150:44:19

as it's part of the make up and nature of this country now.

0:44:190:44:23

COMMENTATOR: 'The Queen and her family

0:44:250:44:26

'arrive at a sports ground in Chelsea

0:44:260:44:28

'for Prince Charles's school field day.'

0:44:280:44:30

'Oh, help!'

0:44:300:44:31

'And Charles does the honours by introducing his friends.

0:44:310:44:33

'First, of course, to his mother and then to his father.

0:44:330:44:36

'The boy at the end of the line the Duke has met before.

0:44:360:44:40

'Of course Royal encouragement from the sidelines helps a lot,

0:44:400:44:44

'and Charles makes a sound contribution to the team's effort.'

0:44:440:44:47

My parents were having to sit there watching this.

0:44:470:44:50

'The result - a win for Charles's team!'

0:44:520:44:55

It was quite a long way.

0:44:580:45:00

Being trained early for Gordonstoun, you see!

0:45:010:45:05

'After the display,

0:45:050:45:06

'the Queen waits for her son to change like any other parent.

0:45:060:45:10

'The heir to the throne is learning to mix with other boys,

0:45:100:45:13

'and no-one watching him at work and play can doubt that

0:45:130:45:15

'the experiment is proving a great success.'

0:45:150:45:18

We were away all the time at school.

0:45:190:45:21

So it was the holidays that there was, you know,

0:45:210:45:23

more opportunity to crash about and do other things.

0:45:230:45:27

Then we would see my parents, obviously, a great deal more.

0:45:270:45:31

This is down at Holkham beach in Norfolk, near Sandringham.

0:45:330:45:38

It was a vast beach.

0:45:400:45:42

Goes for miles.

0:45:420:45:44

I think the Queen was taking these ones.

0:45:460:45:48

Great fun sort of shrimping.

0:45:510:45:52

There weren't any shrimps, really.

0:45:520:45:55

We used to sometimes go down in the winter as well.

0:45:570:46:00

But this is summertime.

0:46:000:46:02

PRINCE CHARLES CHUCKLES

0:46:100:46:13

Ah, the things parents do for their children.

0:46:350:46:37

PRINCE CHARLES LAUGHS

0:46:470:46:50

Well, you see, in those days, there was hardly anybody.

0:47:060:47:09

It's much busier now - the beach.

0:47:090:47:12

PRINCE CHARLES LAUGHS UPROARIOUSLY

0:47:160:47:18

One of the highlights of each summer was sailing in Britannia

0:47:430:47:46

round the west coast of Scotland.

0:47:460:47:48

My mama misses that so much now.

0:47:480:47:53

We went every year, you see, every, every...August

0:47:530:47:56

for ten days, I think.

0:47:560:47:58

And, of course, it, um... it mattered enormously to my mama

0:48:030:48:06

because it was a wonderful way, you know,

0:48:060:48:09

for her to unwind a bit, you know...

0:48:090:48:11

..to have picnics and potter about.

0:48:140:48:18

She...she always adored it.

0:48:180:48:20

It was very special.

0:48:320:48:34

Sometimes when I was quite young, we'd go ashore in Northern Ireland.

0:48:370:48:42

Hard to believe it now, but there was no problem.

0:48:420:48:45

I remember a visit there, must have been in the '60s, I suppose,

0:48:480:48:52

and, you know, we didn't seem to be too difficult

0:48:520:48:55

and we drove about and went to visit a great friend of my mama's.

0:48:550:49:00

They'd been together in the war, I think, she and this particular lady.

0:49:000:49:05

So we spent, I don't know, morning or afternoon visiting,

0:49:050:49:08

and it was in a rural area of Northern Ireland.

0:49:080:49:10

I've never forgotten.

0:49:100:49:12

So before the trouble started, you know, badly

0:49:120:49:15

in 1968 or '69 or whatever it was, it was...

0:49:150:49:19

I mean, one forgets, in many ways, how much easier it was then.

0:49:190:49:23

And then, after that, it became impossible

0:49:230:49:27

ever to do anything quite like that until...

0:49:270:49:31

Well, at least in 1977, the Queen, my mama, got there.

0:49:310:49:37

SOLEMN BAND MUSIC PLAYS

0:49:370:49:39

But two years later,

0:49:420:49:43

the Troubles came very close to home with that terrible IRA bomb

0:49:430:49:48

in the little village of Mullaghmore in County Sligo.

0:49:480:49:51

COMMENTATOR: 'Admiral of the Fleet Earl Mountbatten

0:49:510:49:54

'is borne in fitting tribute with love and admiration.

0:49:540:49:57

'His Admiral's cocked hat,

0:49:570:49:58

'the sword of honour

0:49:580:50:00

'and his gold stick of office.'

0:50:000:50:02

My mama was deeply fond of Lord Mountbatten...

0:50:070:50:12

..so was I, I must say, but, anyway, it was...

0:50:150:50:17

..one of those, um... desperate things.

0:50:180:50:23

'Her Majesty the Queen...'

0:50:240:50:26

And, of course, the awful thing was

0:50:280:50:30

that he'd been warned not to go to Ireland,

0:50:300:50:32

but he always thought everybody around was very friendly,

0:50:320:50:35

you know, the...what one thinks.

0:50:350:50:37

'The choir will sing the Sentences, I Am The Resurrection And The Life.'

0:50:370:50:42

# I am the resurrection

0:50:420:50:49

# And the life

0:50:490:50:54

# Saith the Lord... #

0:50:540:50:58

I think my mama, she...she... she very much valued, you know,

0:50:580:51:02

being able to talk to him, having known him for so long.

0:51:020:51:06

So we were all left bereft, you know.

0:51:100:51:12

But it was wonderfully done - the funeral.

0:51:150:51:17

That's the great thing about, I think,

0:51:170:51:19

the way things are done in this country, it's, um...

0:51:190:51:24

it's very special...

0:51:240:51:26

..and as a result, even more meaningful.

0:51:270:51:30

BELLS PEAL

0:51:300:51:33

Who could ever have guessed then that things would change so much?

0:51:330:51:37

The fact that the Queen managed to go to Ireland on a state visit

0:51:400:51:46

is a remarkable thing in itself.

0:51:460:51:48

And, er...

0:51:490:51:50

and in many ways I...I think that's, you know, her greatest achievement -

0:51:500:51:55

to have been...which, I mean, after so many years,

0:51:550:52:01

a long, long time, no sovereign had ever been there...from here.

0:52:010:52:04

A Uachtarain, agus a chairde.

0:52:040:52:11

Wow!

0:52:110:52:12

APPLAUSE

0:52:120:52:13

And it was remarkable, I think, how it has helped to lay so many ghosts.

0:52:130:52:18

It is a sad and regrettable reality

0:52:190:52:22

that our islands have experienced more than their fair share

0:52:220:52:26

of heartache, turbulence and loss.

0:52:260:52:29

These events have touched us all, many of us personally,

0:52:310:52:37

and are a painful legacy.

0:52:370:52:39

With the benefit of historical hindsight

0:52:390:52:44

we can all see things which we would wish had been done differently

0:52:440:52:50

or not at all.

0:52:500:52:51

But it is also true that no-one who looked to the future

0:52:520:52:57

over the past centuries could have imagined the strength of the bonds

0:52:570:53:03

that are now in place

0:53:030:53:04

between the governments and people of our two nations.

0:53:040:53:08

Completely transformed the situation and the relationship.

0:53:120:53:17

It has really made the difference, I think.

0:53:180:53:21

A year on from that visit

0:53:240:53:25

and the Diamond Jubilee, I think, gives us a chance

0:53:250:53:29

to celebrate with pride all that the Queen means to us...

0:53:290:53:35

both as a nation and, indeed, as one of her children.

0:53:350:53:39

Looking back to the start of her reign

0:53:420:53:44

makes you realise how young she was

0:53:440:53:46

when she came to the throne.

0:53:460:53:49

She and my father were new parents

0:53:490:53:51

just setting up home with their children,

0:53:510:53:53

and she can't have expected to be thrown into her new role so soon.

0:53:530:53:57

The death of her beloved father at the age of only 57

0:53:580:54:02

must have been a terrible shock.

0:54:020:54:04

Oh, look how marvellously my grandfather...

0:54:060:54:09

-PRINCE CHARLES CHUCKLES

-Oh, it's got caught, you see,

0:54:210:54:23

look, on her brooch...my cardigan.

0:54:230:54:26

PRINCE CHARLES LAUGHS

0:54:310:54:34

I hadn't realised my parents had taken those films

0:54:510:54:53

-when

-I

-was very small

0:54:530:54:55

and my grandfather was still around because...

0:54:550:54:57

I mean, one of my greatest regrets is not having really known him,

0:54:570:55:02

and I really mind that.

0:55:020:55:03

It says Christmas Day, 1951.

0:55:060:55:08

Oh, dear, it was so near to when my grandfather died,

0:55:100:55:12

that was the awful thing.

0:55:120:55:14

Here we all are - everybody sitting at Christmas.

0:55:150:55:19

To think that he only died only a month or two after.

0:55:200:55:23

COMMENTATOR: 'To London Airport come the King and Queen

0:55:250:55:28

'to speed their daughter and her husband on the first stage

0:55:280:55:30

'of their 30,000-mile journey to Australia and New Zealand.

0:55:300:55:33

Princess Elizabeth and the Duke are taking the place

0:55:330:55:36

'of their Majesties who were to have made the tour.'

0:55:360:55:39

'On their way out to Australia,

0:55:420:55:43

'my parents stopped over in East Africa.

0:55:430:55:46

'It was as far as they were destined to get.'

0:55:470:55:49

Well, this obviously must have been a film my father and my mama

0:55:490:55:53

must have taken in Kenya.

0:55:530:55:56

This, I think, was in that... Treetops, I think it's called.

0:55:580:56:02

It was this sort of hotel in the trees, I think.

0:56:030:56:07

Amazing, isn't it, to sit right above them like that? Incredible.

0:56:120:56:15

It was that night they spent at Treetops

0:56:200:56:22

that my grandfather died in his sleep.

0:56:220:56:26

But, of course, my parents had no idea,

0:56:260:56:29

and even next day when they moved on to this rather lovely game lodge,

0:56:290:56:33

it took a while for the news to come through.

0:56:330:56:37

Then, of course, they had to pack up and fly back to London.

0:56:370:56:41

Oh...must be the aeroplane.

0:56:470:56:50

So I presume it's my father taking the photographs.

0:56:530:56:56

Never seen this, no, no.

0:57:060:57:08

So these must be the first pictures taken of my mama

0:57:080:57:11

after she knew she was Queen.

0:57:110:57:13

I suppose when you first set out,

0:57:190:57:21

you don't think about how long things might go on for,

0:57:210:57:25

but the Queen has provided an amazing record of, you know,

0:57:250:57:29

devotion and dedication, and commitment.

0:57:290:57:32

And each year, you know, doing the same...

0:57:340:57:37

..following the same patterns which...which helped to sort of,

0:57:380:57:41

I think, anchor things a bit, you know, and give reassurance

0:57:410:57:44

that something is there which is perhaps a little more timeless

0:57:440:57:49

than other things which are changing all the time, you know.

0:57:490:57:53

MUSIC: God Save The Queen

0:57:530:57:58

That's the great thing, I think.

0:57:580:58:00

# May she defend our laws

0:58:000:58:07

# And ever give us cause

0:58:070:58:14

# To sing with heart and voice

0:58:140:58:21

# God save the Queen

0:58:210:58:29

# God save the Queen

0:58:290:58:34

# God save the Queen. #

0:58:340:58:45

Subtitles by Red Bee Media Ltd

0:58:450:58:50

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