Penmachno Dechrau Canu Dechrau Canmol


Penmachno

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-This week, I've come to one of

-the most beautiful parts of Wales.

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-I'm in the Penmachno area.

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-Welcome

-to Dechrau Canu Dechrau Canmol.

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-# Soli Deo gloria

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-# Soli Deo gloria

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-# Soli Deo gloria #

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-You'd never imagine

-when you reach Penmachno...

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-..that you're so close to the A5.

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-This used to be a quarrying area.

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-There was a very famous

-woollen mill here too.

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-That's no wonder, considering the

-number of sheep farms in the area.

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-I'm told there's a link between

-Cantre'r Gwaelod and Penmachno.

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-But I'm not sure.

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-As we're in Penmachno...

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-..we must visit the birthplace

-of Wales's most famous bishop...

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-..to chat about Wil Ty Mawr

-with Wil Ty Mawr.

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-There'll also be a performance

-from the tenor from Mid Wales...

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-..Robert Lewis.

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-The singing, led by Trystan Lewis,

-comes from Penmachno United Church.

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-The first hymn is...

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-.."Duw a Thad yr holl genhedloedd,

-o sancteiddier d'enw mawr."

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-We couldn't come to Penmachno

-without visiting this place...

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-..Ty Mawr Wybrnant...

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-..the home of Bishop William Morgan.

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-It's likely that the famous bishop

-was known as Wil Ty Mawr...

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-..when he lived here.

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-This man is also known

-as Wil Ty Mawr.

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-He now looks after the building.

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-Heaven on earth.

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-Heaven on earth.

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-It's wonderful.

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-You must love living here.

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-There's nowhere better.

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-This is the original house.

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-This is Ty Mawr Wybrnant.

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-William Morgan was born here,

-on the ground floor.

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-I'll show you what's here.

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-It must be an honour...

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-..to look after a house

-with such historic significance.

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-Everything changed

-after William Morgan...

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-..our Welsh identity,

-our Christianity.

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-This house has been here

-for 500 years.

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-We know it's been a hall house

-since 1520.

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-In 1520, there wasn't an upstairs.

-It only had a ground floor.

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-Where the window is,

-an extension was built in 1560...

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-..so more people could stay here.

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-It's an important house

-and it's been a busy one.

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-Come in for a look.

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-Mind your head.

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-That's some fireplace.

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-Is this the room

-William Morgan was born?

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-William Morgan was born here

-in 1545, one of five children.

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-Including the parents,

-there'd be seven here...

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-..and whoever else was staying here.

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-We're on what was a main road.

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-There's a good chance there'd

-have been people staying here.

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-Back then, the eldest son

-would look after the farm...

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-..and the youngest sons

-would have to leave aged ten.

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-He was taken in by Maurice Wynn

-of Gwydir Castle.

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-He was educated at Gwydir

-for ten years.

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-That demonstrates

-the wealth of this family.

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-They aren't poor by any stretch.

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-William Morgan was educated

-at Gwydir for ten years.

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-Then he went

-to St John's College, Cambridge.

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-He left there after six years with

-three degrees and nine languages.

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-He used some of those languages

-to translate the Bible...

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-..Hebrew for the Old Testament

-and Greek for the New Testament.

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-It took nine years in all.

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-By the time it was printed,

-it had taken ten and a half years.

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-That was in 1588 and is why

-we opened this house in 1988.

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-From the original 1,000,

-there are 20 left.

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-Two of those are upstairs.

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-Two of those are upstairs.

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-Can we see them?

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-Let's go up.

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-This is the room of the Bibles.

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-Both these Bibles date from 1588.

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-From the 1,000

-originally printed in 1588...

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-..there are 20 left,

-as far as we know.

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-For years,

-we told people there were 19...

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-..but this was discovered

-four years ago in Coleg Harlech.

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-Things had gone belly-up in Harlech

-and the receivers were called in.

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-They phoned us to say

-they had one of the originals.

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-So we bought it four years ago.

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-This is on loan

-from the National Library.

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-Over there

-is Parry and Davies's 1620 version.

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-But these are the ones

-that made the difference.

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-What's the significance

-of this Bible?

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-The most important thing about it...

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-..is that lots of schoolchildren

-come here.

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-Primary school children

-can come here and read this Bible.

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-The Welsh in this Bible

-hasn't changed much since 1588.

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-The way it was printed

-has changed...

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-..with the Fs and Ss changing...

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-..but apart from that,

-the Welsh is readable.

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-It's the same Welsh

-that we're taught in to this day.

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-Some people who come here

-think I've got my dates wrong.

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-But this was printed in 1588...

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-..and the King James,

-or the English-language Bible...

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-..was printed in 1611.

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-This was around before then.

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-Wil, it's been a pleasure to

-meet you and to see these treasures.

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-Thank you.

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-Thank you.

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-You're welcome.

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-We have a performance next.

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-One of composer Cesar Franck's most

-beautiful pieces is Panis Angelicus.

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-Over the years, it's been performed

-by tenors like Luciano Pavarotti...

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-..Andrea Bocelli, Jose Carreras

-and Placido Domingo.

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-Joining us now is the tenor

-from Mid Wales, Robert Lewis.

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-# Bread of the angel throng

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-# Granted to man to eat

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-# Wonder prefigured long

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-# Here made at last complete

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-# Could greater marvel be

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-# All on Christ's body feed

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-# Poor men

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-# Poor men

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-# Servants of low degree

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-# Poor men

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-# Poor men

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-# Servants of low degree

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-# Bread of the angel throng

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-# Granted to man to eat

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-# Wonder prefigured long

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-# Here made at last complete

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-# Could greater marvel be!

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-# All on Christ's body feed

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-# Poor men

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-# Poor men

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-# Servants of low degree

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-# Poor men

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-# Poor men

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-# Servants of low degree #

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-I'm told there's a link...

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-..between Penmachno

-and the story of Cantre'r Gwaelod.

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-But it doesn't make much sense.

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-Cantre'r Gwaelod was in Cardigan Bay

-and Penmachno is in Snowdonia.

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-Reverend Stuart Elliott.

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-Penmachno and Cantre'r Gwaelod.

-What's the link?

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-It's a very good story.

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-This is St Tudclud church.

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-Tudclud was Seithenyn's son.

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-His brothers

-included Tudno in Llandudno...

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-..and Gwnadl in Llangwnadl

-on Lleyn.

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-The brothers went to the monastery

-in Bangor-on-Dee...

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-..and went out to share the faith

-in Wales in the fifth century.

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-St Tudclud came here

-in Penmachno.

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-From that story

-came St Tudclud church.

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-This is a fairly new church,

-but it closed a few years ago.

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-It's a sad story.

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-There wasn't enough money

-or enough churchgoers, so it shut.

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-But the church opened once more.

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-People from the valley

-came together.

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-They started meeting in the pub...

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-..in Ty Mawr...

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-..then they wanted the church

-to open again.

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-From death to a new life,

-that's the story of Penmachno...

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-..and the story of St Tudclud.

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-The church is in the middle

-of the village. Let's go inside.

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-My first impression

-is that it's an informal church.

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-It is.

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-It's what we want.

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-There's a place to have a cuppa

-and a shop too.

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-You can sit and relax here.

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-There's a place to worship too.

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-At the front is the original altar.

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-What is also striking

-is the stained-glass window.

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-Let's take a closer look.

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-Stuart, tell me about this window.

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-Stuart, tell me about this window.

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-It's very interesting.

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-The entire community

-played a part.

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-The tree of life is the theme.

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-People from the community and

-schoolchildren painted some of it.

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-You can ask someone

-which part they did.

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-They'll say, "I did this part."

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-It's great to see over the altar

-during the service.

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-Talking about the altar,

-this is very special.

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-It is. It's brand new.

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-A local man

-made it out of cherry wood.

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-The wood

-comes from the trees in my garden.

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-It's lovely.

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-Like the church...

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-..the wood is new life

-out of something that died.

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-The tree of life

-is at the front here.

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-Thank you for your company.

-It's been a pleasure coming here.

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-I'm sure that many of you

-will be heartened...

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-..by what's happened here

-in Penmachno.

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-Watcyn Wyn wrote the next hymn.

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-"Rwy'n gweld o bell y dydd yn dod...

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-"..bydd pob cyfandir is y rhod

-yn eiddo Iesu mawr."

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-"If we had but a glimpse

-of the world as a resting place...

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-"..would we be caught

-in the sacred story?

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-"Honoured as the whole of life

-becomes a day of preparation...

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-"..we might just then become

-co-creators of the dawn...

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-"..for a divine reimagining of

-the lost art and beauty of creation.

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-"A life laid fallow, for a time,

-is not in vain.

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-"To let go, to allow the

-natural restfulness to rise up...

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-"..and with gentle ease,

-to participate; earthed once again."

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-We've come to our final hymn.

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-"O tyred, Ior tragwyddol,

-mae ynot ti dy hun...

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-"..fwy moroedd o drugaredd

-nag a feddyliodd dyn."

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-I hope you've enjoyed our visit

-to Penmachno...

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-..and we'll have your company

-next week.

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-Until then, goodbye from all of us.

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-S4C Subtitles by Testun Cyf.

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-.

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Daw'r canu o Eglwys Unedig Penmachno a chawn berfformiad gan y tenor, Robert Lewis. Congregational singing from Penmachno United Church and a performance by tenor, Robert Lewis.


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