Protest Dechrau Canu Dechrau Canmol


Protest

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-2017 is a very special year

-for the Protestant churches.

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-500 years ago in Wittenberg,

-Germany...

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-..a monk called Martin Luther...

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-..nailed a 95 article document

-to the door of the church.

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-This was the visual symbol of the

-start of the Protestant Reformation.

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-Welcome to Dechrau Canu

-Dechrau Canmol.

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-# Soli Deo gloria

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-# Soli Deo gloria

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-# Soli Deo gloria #

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-On this programme...

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-..Revd Dr Alun Tudur will talk about

-Martin Luther's background.

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-Martin Luther is one of the main

-reasons why we hold this in Welsh.

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-There'll be a performance

-from Christian singer John Nicholas.

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-We'll also hear

-from Reverend Aled Edwards...

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-..about the way

-the church is taking a stand today.

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-The church is fearless.

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-It stands up for those

-who need support and justice.

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-There's a collection

-of Martin Luther's quotes...

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-..which were recorded when he spoke

-to his students around a table.

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-One of these is...

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-.."As long as we live,

-there is never enough singing."

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-That's very appropriate

-for Dechrau Canu Dechrau Canmol.

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-For the first hymn...

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-..we join the congregation

-at St David's Cathedral.

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-They're D Miall Edwards's words.

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-"O Dduw, ein craig a'n noddfa,

-rho nawdd i'r gwan a'r tlawd."

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-Revd Dr Alun Tudur is the pastor

-of Ebeneser Church in Cardiff.

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-He has great interest

-in Martin Luther's life.

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-Alun, who was Martin Luther?

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-At the beginning

-of the Protestant Reformation...

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-..Martin Luther was an unknown monk.

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-His father

-was a fairly well-off miner.

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-Martin Luther received quite

-a good education for that time.

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-He considered becoming a lawyer...

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-..but later decided to be a monk

-in a closed order.

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-He fought against the Church. What

-were its weaknesses in his view?

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-Martin Luther thought

-there was corruption in the Church.

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-People were misusing its authority

-at the expense of ordinary people.

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-One thing that got under his skin...

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-..was indulgences.

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-The Pope claimed he had

-the authority to forgive people.

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-But he asked for money.

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-In Germany, he had

-a special fundraising officer...

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-..who sold indulgences...

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-..in order to build

-St Peter's Basilica in Rome.

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-You could buy forgiveness

-for all sorts of sins.

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-More than that, it was possible

-to release people from purgatory.

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-Cash only!

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-The Catholic church's doctrine

-at the time...

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-..was that, after dying, people's

-souls would go to purgatory.

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-In purgatory, they'd wait thousands

-of years being cleaned and purified.

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-When they were clean enough,

-they were released to heaven.

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-At the time,

-he was preparing biblical studies...

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-..on Paul's letter to the Romans.

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-He read the two verses, 16 and 17,

-of the first chapter.

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-"I am not ashamed of the gospel of

-Christ for it is the power of God...

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-"..unto salvation

-to every one that believeth...

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-"..to the Jew first,

-and also to the Greek.

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-"For therein

-is the righteousness of God...

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-"..revealed from faith to faith:

-as it is written...

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-" 'The just shall live by faith'."

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-Martin Luther realized that buying

-indulgences from the church...

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-..wasn't the way to salvation.

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-Doing good deeds wasn't either.

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-Rather, it was through simple faith

-and a belief in Jesus Christ.

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-That was one of the cornerstones

-of the Protestant Reformation.

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-He then performed the dramatic act

-of nailing the 95 articles...

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-..on the door of the church

-in Wittenberg.

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-Apparently, on that day, 31 October,

-1517 - All Hallows Eve...

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-..he'd left his monastery

-on one side of Wittenberg...

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-..walked around half a mile...

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-..to Castle Church

-on the other side of the town.

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-He nailed the 95 theses or articles

-on the church door.

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-The aim was to start a discussion.

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-The main bone of contention was

-the sale of indulgences to people.

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-They disadvantaged the poor,

-if they were real.

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-One of the 95 articles was written

-tongue-in-cheek - number 82.

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-"Why does the Pope

-in his love and kindness...

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-"..not deliver all souls

-out of purgatory free of charge?"

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-The Protestant Reformation

-grew into a large movement...

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-..which changed the course

-of the Christian church in Europe.

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-Is it important therefore that

-we celebrate the 500th anniversary?

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-Yes, because the influence

-on Wales...

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-..and on every nation in the world

-is huge.

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-Crucial to us as Welsh speakers,

-Martin Luther decided...

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-..that the Bible needed to be

-available in the native language.

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-He translated the Bible into German

-in the 1520s.

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-Because of that, William Salesbury,

-450 years ago...

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-..translated the New Testament

-into Welsh.

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-Then William Morgan in 1588.

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-Martin Luther

-might be one of the main reasons...

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-..why we're doing this in Welsh.

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-Alun, thank you for talking to me.

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-Luther was a hymn writer

-and a musician too.

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-Next, we're going to sing his words

-and a hymn tune he composed...

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-..arranged by a great composer

-of the Protestant Church...

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-..Johann Sebastian Bach.

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-This is

-A Mighty Fortress Is Our God.

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-Another of Luther's quotes

-is "next to the Word of God...

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-"..the noble art of music is

-the greatest treasure in the world."

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-Performing for us next...

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-..is the Christian singer

-from Bridgend, John Nicholas.

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-This is Ystyr Cariad.

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-# Teach me something

-that I ought to know

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-# Teach me something

-that will warm my soul

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-# Show me what my eyes fail to see

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-# Your words they fill my heart

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-# Let all of my fear depart

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-# If you want to know what love is

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-# If you want to know what love is

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-# If you want to know what love is

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-# Take a look at yourself

-and how much you are loved

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-# We love because

-we've been loved before

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-# Long before we ever knew

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-# I won't be anywhere

-if it wasn't for you

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-# Your words they fill my heart

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-# Let all of my fear depart

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-# If you want to know what love is

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-# If you want to know what love is

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-# If you want to know what love is

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-# Take a look at yourself

-and how much you are loved

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-# Throw your arms

-around this wandering soul

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-# Take my hand, don't ever let go

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-# Throw your arms

-around this wandering soul

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-# Take my hand, don't ever let go

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-# If you want to know what love is

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-# If you want to know what love is

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-# If you want to know what love is

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-# Take a look at yourself

-and how much you're loved

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-# If you want to know what love is

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-# If you want to know what love is

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-# If you want to know what love is

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-# Take a look at yourself

-and how much you're loved #

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-As a matter of conscience

-and principle...

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-..Martin Luther made his stand.

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-Sometimes,

-the church must do the same.

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-Joining me now

-is Reverend Aled Edwards.

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-Aled, you've brought me

-to St John's Church in Cardiff.

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-What's the significance

-of this building?

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-It has a special history.

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-From this church in 1315,

-Llywelyn Bren was executed...

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-..mainly because

-he'd taken a brave stand...

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-..in support of the poor

-of this area against the Normans.

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-He was encouraged

-to go to Parliament in London...

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-..when Edward II told him

-that if he was found guilty...

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-..he'd be hanged.

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-There was a rebellion here

-and he made a stand.

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-When he realized the military forces

-were against him...

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-..he sacrificed himself

-to save his men.

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-What's striking...

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-..is that when Owain Glyndwr

-came here about a century later...

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-..he burnt Cardiff to the ground

-including this church...

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-..apart

-from the Greyfriars' buildings...

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-..because they were the only ones

-willing to bury Llywelyn Bren.

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-Glyndwr remembered that.

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-The modern church is courageous...

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-..more so than perhaps

-any other part of society...

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-..in standing up for those

-who need support and justice.

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-Desmond Tutu recently challenged

-Myanmar's authorities.

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-He told them they had to stop

-the genocide taking place there...

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-..that's creating

-millions of refugees.

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-It's striking in terms of what

-happened in Syria and the refugees.

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-The churches in Greece

-fed the people as they arrived.

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-The churches spoke up for them.

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-In America,

-there have been racial tensions.

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-It's the churches

-that have often challenged those.

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-Here, in St John's Church, Muslims

-come here and the poor come here.

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-Around the corner

-is where the city's poor are fed.

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-Very often, it's the churches that

-speak on behalf of these people.

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-When we speak on a political level,

-it can challenge politicians.

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-Martin Luther's legacy of protest...

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-..is alive and very real

-to us as Christians today.

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-It can be seen in Wales,

-in the UK, Europe...

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-..and, I'm sure,

-across the world too...

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-..where churches need to be

-fearless, prophetic and confident.

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-One of the important things

-Martin Luther taught us...

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-..is the need

-for us as Christians...

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-..to stand up against injustice

-inside and outside the church.

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-When we see people using his

-authority to trample on others...

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-..we should stand with them

-on the side of justice and truth.

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-One of Martin Luther's

-most famous quotes is...

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-.."Here I stand.

-I cannot do otherwise. God help me."

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-We finish this programme in the

-village of Gwalchmai on Anglesey.

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-The hymn was written

-by a native of Anglesey, Morswyn.

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-"Arglwydd Iesu, arwain f'enaid

-at y Graig sydd uwch na mi."

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-I hope you've enjoyed the programme.

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-We look forward

-to having your company next week.

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-Until then, goodbye.

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-S4C Subtitles by Testun Cyf.

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-.

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Bydd y Parch Ddoctor Alun Tudur yn sôn am gefndir Martin Luther. The Rev Dr Alun Tudur will discuss Martin Luther and the Rev Aled Edwards will talk about 'protest' in the Church today.


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