Live from Vienna 2018 New Year's Day Concert


Live from Vienna 2018

This concert of polkas, marches and waltzes composed by the Strauss family and contemporaries comes live from Vienna. The Vienna Philharmonic are under the baton of Riccardo Muti.


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Transcript


LineFromTo

Happy New Year and good morning

to you from Vienna where hundreds

0:01:010:01:05

of blooms lovingly tended

by the municipal gardeners

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and park-keepers of this city

complement the gilded ceiling,

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the golden caryatids and glittering

chandeliers of the large

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hall of the Musikverein.

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For the next few hours waltzes

and polkas, marches, mazurkas,

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quadrilles and gavottes

by the Strauss family will provide

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a perfect start to 2018 -

a model unchanged in eight decades.

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Its reassuring familiarity perhaps

key to the popularity

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of this great annual event.

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The Vienna Philharmonic

New Year's Day Concert

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in association with Rolex.

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On the conductors podium this year,

Riccardo Muti who is an honorary

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member of the Vienna Philharmonic

having conducted them

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more than 500 times.

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This is his fifth

New Year's Day Concert.

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To get here this morning I walked

past the Theatre An Der Wien

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associated with Mozart and Beethoven

and also with Johann Strauss Junior,

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whose operetta The Gypsy Baron

premiered there in 1885.

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A comedy set in both rural Hungary

and imperial Vienna,

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Strauss thus cleverly bringing

together both parts

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of the old Dual Monarchy.

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Riccardo Muti makes his way

onto the platform to open the 2018

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Vienna Philharmonic New Year's Day

Concert with the Entrance March

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from The Gypsy Baron.

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Johann Strauss, Sohn -

Einzugsmarsch aus der Operette

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"Der Zigeunerbaron"

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APPLAUSE.

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The Entrance March

from the Gypsy Baron

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by Strauss launching the 2018

Vienna Philharmonic

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New Year's Day Concert.

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Johann's younger brother Josef next,

celebrating the rich murals

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and ceiling paintings found

in the churches and palaces of this

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city in his waltz "Vienna Frescoes".

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Josef Strauss Wiener

Fresken, Walzer, op249

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APPLAUSE

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Vienna Frescoes by Josef Strauss,

with images of the Austrian National

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Library in the Hofburg,

the old Imperial Palace.

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This is the third performance

of the concert, the Vienna

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Philharmonic ended the old year

with a performance last night

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and on Saturday morning

the Austrian Armed Forces made up

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a substantial chunk of the audience,

their olive drab uniforms

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contrasting with the golden glow

of this hall.

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We opened with The Gypsy Baron.

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Sutch was a success that Strauss

wrote a series of works on it,

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including this.

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Johann Strauss, Sohn Brautschau,

Polka francaise op.417

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APPLAUSE

0:20:040:20:06

Strauss' polka Bridal Parade.

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In 1866, Austria was defeated

at Koniggratz in the decisive battle

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of the Austro-Prussian War.

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As a result, the country lost

much of her political

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influence in Europe.

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Carnival season the next year

desperately needed music

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that would bring cheer,

one of the works Strauss

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provided was his fast polka

"Leichtes Blut" - "Light of Heart".

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Johann Strauss, Sohn Leichtes Blut,

Polka schnell op.319

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APPLAUSE

0:22:370:22:39

Light of Heart.

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Johann Strauss writing

for the 1867 Carnival Season,

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for which he also wrote

the Blue Danube which we will

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hear much later in this

New Year's Day Concert.

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Also ahead later, dancers

from Vienna State Ballet taking us

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to a railway station designed

by the architect Otto Wagner,

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who died a century ago this year.

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Having heard Strauss

the son, his father next.

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In the last years

of his life father and his son

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were great rivals; they had

different political viewpoints -

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and Strauss Junior found it hard

to get bookings at some venues due

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to his father's greater influence

over the city's music scene.

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Riccardo Muti is going to conduct

Marie Waltz, a work Johann Senior

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composed a couple of years

before his death in 1849.

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Johann Strauss,

Vater Marienwalzer, op.212

0:23:330:23:37

APPLAUSE

0:32:170:32:24

Johann Strauss writing

for the 1867 Carnival Season,

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for which he also wrote

the Blue Danube which we will

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hear much later in this

New Year's Day Concert.

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Johann Strauss, Vater Wilhelm

Tell-Galopp, Polka schnell, op.29b

0:32:560:33:01

APPLAUSE

0:34:140:34:18

The William Tell Gallop

by Johann Strauss Senior,

0:34:190:34:23

ending the first part

of the 2017 Vienna Philharmonic

0:34:230:34:26

New Year's Day Concert.

0:34:260:34:32

Managed with some speed by Riccardo

Muti who will be back on the

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platform in about 25 minutes' time.

Later we'll have the blue Danube

0:34:370:34:51

march. During the interval, a

tribute to Viennese modernism, the

0:34:510:34:59

movement at its right at the turn of

the century. Otto Wagner died a

0:34:590:35:05

century ago, he was at the heart of

this.

0:35:050:35:11

APPLAUSE.

0:35:160:35:18

Good morning if you

have just joined us.

1:01:011:01:11

A mild start to 2018

here in the Austrian capital,

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where since the early hours

an army of street cleaners have been

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out and about removing the evidence

of last night's city wide party.

1:01:171:01:20

Bottles and cans, of course,

but also the remains of a myriad

1:01:201:01:23

fireworks launched into the sky

at midnight, as the bells

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of the St Stephen's rang out,

revellers taking every available

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space along the Graben,

on Kartnerstrasse, and around much

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of the famous Ringstrasse.

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The Vienna Philharmonic New Year's

Day Concert supported by Rolex.

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We"ll return to the Strauss family

shortly - after another

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composer of the Austro -

Hungarian Empire, Franz von Suppe,

1:01:491:01:51

who came from Dalmatia,

in what is now Croatia.

1:01:511:01:53

A prolific writer of operettas -

four dozen in total -

1:01:531:01:56

he was also a fine bass singer.

1:01:561:01:58

His operetta Boccaccio opened

here in Vienna in 1879.

1:01:581:02:00

The Italian conductor Riccardo Muti

takes us to his homeland for a drama

1:02:001:02:03

set during Renaissance times.

1:02:031:02:05

APPLAUSE.

1:09:391:09:46

Giovanni Boccaccio an Italian poet,

writer and parliamentarian active

1:09:461:09:49

in Florence and Naples,

Muti's hometown,

1:09:491:09:52

author of the Decameron,

in which he criticlally

1:09:521:09:55

and sarcastically portrayed 14th

century Florentine society.

1:09:551:10:00

1881 wedding music next. Empress

Elizabeth, the much-loved Sisi

1:10:191:10:25

Belgian Princess was just 16.

Long-term it was not to be a happy

1:10:251:10:30

partnership but the wedding was a

grand affair, like the hall this

1:10:301:10:34

morning, every available space

decked with flowers. The people of

1:10:341:10:38

Vienna welcomed the new Princess

with open arms. As part of the

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celebrations, Strauss provided his

waltz.

1:10:421:10:47

Johann Strauss, Sohn

Myrthenbluten, Walzer op.395

1:11:081:11:18

APPLAUSE

1:19:591:20:03

Riccardo Muti, conducting the Vienna

Philharmonic.

1:20:071:20:15

Myrtle Blossom, written for

the marriage of Crown Prince Rudolph

1:20:151:20:17

and Princess Stephanie.

1:20:171:20:19

Our next work also written for that

Grand Royal Wedding,

1:20:191:20:22

the Stephanie Gavotte,

by the Imperial Bandmaster

1:20:221:20:23

Alfons Czibulka.

1:20:231:20:26

And this is the moment

where we first meet dancers

1:20:261:20:28

from the Vienna State Ballet.

1:20:281:20:32

This year, Vienna marks a centenary

since the death of the great

1:20:321:20:35

Austrian modernist architect Otto

Wagner.

1:20:351:20:36

Many of his buildings

survive, including stations

1:20:361:20:39

that he built for the Stadtbahn,

a new Metropolitan Railway

1:20:391:20:42

constructed as the 19th century

turned into the 20th.

1:20:421:20:46

Emperor Franz Joseph

had his own pavilion

1:20:461:20:50

at its station at Heitzing,

which is where we will

1:20:501:20:52

find the dancers.

1:20:521:20:55

Not a favourite amongst

the Emperors buildings -

1:20:551:20:58

he only used it twice.

1:20:581:21:05

Not that that worried Otto Wagner,

1:21:051:21:08

Who got the royal seal of approval.

1:21:081:21:12

Alphons Czibulka

"Stephanie-Gavotte" op 312.

1:21:171:21:23

APPLAUSE

1:25:581:26:01

The Stephanie Gavotte -

and a celebration of Otto Wagner,

1:26:031:26:06

the architect who died a century ago

and left a vital legacy

1:26:061:26:12

with his buildings in Vienna.

1:26:121:26:22

Davide Bombana choreographing

the Vienna State Ballet

1:26:221:26:25

for his third New Year's Concert.

1:26:251:26:27

Johann Strauss, Sohn Freikugeln,

Polka schnell op.326

1:26:291:26:32

APPLAUSE

1:28:481:28:52

A polka premiered 150

years ago in 1868.

1:28:551:28:57

Magic Bullets, written for the 3rd

German Federal Shooting Contest

1:28:571:28:59

in the Prater Park.

1:28:591:29:05

The event attracted no less

than 10,000 marksmen

1:29:051:29:07

from many parts of the world.

1:29:071:29:15

Work that Strauss took to America -

he conducted it in Boston

1:29:151:29:20

to an audience of tens of thousands

with an orchestra of 809,

1:29:201:29:23

including 200 first violins.

1:29:231:29:25

Another work Strauss composed 150

years ago was "Tales

1:29:251:29:28

from the Vienna Woods",

premiered under the collonades

1:29:281:29:38

Of the Paradise Cafe.

1:29:381:29:40

Alongside excerpts from Wagner's

brand new opera, The Mastersingers

1:29:401:29:42

of Nuremburg.

1:29:421:29:45

A pause for a table to accommodate a

zither.

1:29:451:29:52

The oldest instruments of the family

are found in China, there are many

1:29:521:29:55

different national variations.

1:29:551:29:57

The Austrian Zither grew

in size during the C19,

1:29:571:29:59

and zither virtuosi started

to emerge around the 1850s.

1:29:591:30:04

The Shrammel brothers were the most

celebrated players in Strauss' day,

1:30:041:30:07

though he only used the instrument

occasionally and Tales

1:30:071:30:09

from the Vienna Woods the only time

he gave it a prominent solo passage.

1:30:091:30:13

An instrument that became synonymous

with Vienna in the 20th century,

1:30:131:30:19

thanks to the film the Third Man.

1:30:191:30:24

Soloist Barbara Laister Ebner

Strauss gave the zither a prominent

1:30:241:30:26

role in his Tales from the Vienna

Woods.

1:30:261:30:30

Johann Strauss, Jr Tales

from Vienna Woods, waltz, op 325.

1:30:591:31:07

APPLAUSE

1:42:451:42:49

Strauss' Waltz Tales

From the Vienna Woods.

1:42:501:42:54

The zither player Barbara Laister

Ebner, born here in Vienna

1:42:541:42:58

and studied the instrument

at the State Conservatoire.

1:42:581:43:05

One of 16 zither players auditioned

for this prestigious concert.

1:43:051:43:13

She is one of just six women on

stage today.

We were up to nine or

1:43:131:43:20

ten, so it's a backwards journey

this year.

1:43:201:43:24

Riccardo Muti, born in Naples.

1:43:331:43:36

Another Italian connection next

chosen by Maestro Muti,

1:43:361:43:39

a march written for a wedding that

took place in a villa on the coast

1:43:391:43:43

near Lucca in 1893 -

the wedding of Prince Ferdinand

1:43:431:43:45

of Bulgaria, who later became

the Tsar of Bulgaria.

1:43:451:43:48

He held the role for a decade before

he abdicated in favour

1:43:481:43:51

of his son in 1918, in order

to save the Bulgarian throne.

1:43:511:43:54

Ferdinand lived on until 1948; long

enough to see his nine-year-old

1:43:541:43:59

grandson deposed in 1946

when the communists

1:43:591:44:02

abolished the monarchy.

1:44:021:44:12

For the first half of this year it

will hold the Presidency of the EU,

1:44:151:44:19

hence the inclusion

of the march today.

1:44:191:44:20

Austria will then take

over for the second six

1:44:201:44:23

months of the year.

1:44:231:44:28

The Sir Mervyn King completely

captivated by you and your music,

1:44:281:44:31

Strauss was told. The grandson had a

brief stab at being Tsar as a boy

1:44:311:44:37

and returned as Prime Minister of

Bulgaria in 2001 and it was he who

1:44:371:44:42

was in part responsible for bringing

about Bulgaria's membership of the

1:44:421:44:47

European Union. So we await the

return of Riccardo Muti. The music

1:44:471:44:57

Director of The Chicago Symphony

Orchestra. He has a relationship

1:44:571:45:03

spanning almost half a century with

the Philharmonic.

1:45:031:45:07

Riccardo Muti returns

to conduct The Festival March,

1:45:071:45:09

written for a royal wedding.

1:45:091:45:12

Johann Strauss, Sohn Festmarsch

op.452

1:45:181:45:23

APPLAUSE

1:48:551:48:58

Strauss's Festival March.

1:49:041:49:07

It was at a charity

concert in the Floral Hall

1:49:071:49:09

of the Vienna Horticultural Society

that Strauss introduced his polka

1:49:091:49:13

Stadt und Land - town

and country, a title

1:49:131:49:15

that rather reflected

his

1:49:151:49:16

lifestyle after he purchased

a yellow sandstone villa

1:49:161:49:18

in the green suburb of Hietzing.

1:49:181:49:22

Johann Strauss, Jr Town and Country,

polka mazurka, op 322.

1:49:271:49:32

APPLAUSE

1:53:211:53:24

Town and country.

1:53:341:53:35

Like his father, Strauss always

took a keen interest

1:53:351:53:38

in musical happenings abroad -

the first nights of new

1:53:381:53:40

operas in particular.

1:53:401:53:41

He managed to work a little Verdi

into his Masked Ball Quadrille,

1:53:411:53:44

which we'll hear next.

1:53:441:53:49

Verdi's opera heard it

in St Petersburg in 1862.

1:53:491:53:52

Johann Strauss, Sohn Un ballo

in maschera, Quadrille op.272

1:53:561:53:59

APPLAUSE

1:58:591:59:03

The Masked Ball Quadrille -

Riccardo Muti conducting

1:59:081:59:10

the Vienna Philharmonic.

1:59:101:59:14

2018 will the mark

the centenary of the end

1:59:141:59:16

of the Austro-Hungarian Empire.

1:59:161:59:20

In November that year,

Karl, the last emperor,

1:59:201:59:24

renounced his participation

in affairs of state and left Vienna.

1:59:241:59:30

A convoy of seven vehicles set off

from the Schonbrunn Palace

1:59:301:59:33

in the dead of night,

carrying the Emperor and his family

1:59:331:59:36

to Schloss Eckartsau,

a hunting lodge in Lower Austria.

1:59:361:59:38

The Lodge was close

the to the Hungarian border;

1:59:381:59:40

for a brief moment Karl thought

he might be able to maintain

1:59:401:59:43

sovereignty over Hungary at least.

1:59:431:59:44

But just two days after he arrived,

a delegation arrived from Budapest,

1:59:441:59:48

demanding he make a formal

abdication as King of Hungary.

1:59:481:59:53

We go to Schoss Eckartsau now,

with dancers from Vienna State

1:59:531:59:56

Ballet, and Strauss' great waltz

Roses from the South.

1:59:562:00:05

Premiered here in the

Golden Hall in 1880.

2:00:052:00:08

Johann Strauss, Sohn Rosen aus dem

Suden, Walzer, op.388

2:00:152:00:21

APPLAUSE

2:10:182:10:23

Strauss' waltz Roses from the South.

2:10:322:10:34

Dancers of Vienna State Ballet

at Schloss Eckartsau

2:10:342:10:37

where the deposed last

Austro-Hungarian Emperor, Karl,

2:10:372:10:41

spent four months before he went

into exile in Switzerland.

2:10:412:10:44

This year the centenary of the end

of the Austro-Hungarian empire.

2:10:442:10:46

Viennese high spirits to finish

the publically billed

2:10:462:10:49

element of this concert.

2:10:492:10:53

Josef Strauss Eingesendet,

Polka schnell op.240

2:10:582:11:02

APPLAUSE

2:12:362:12:40

Letters to the Editor

by Jozef Strauss.

2:12:412:12:46

Sigmund Schlesinger,

contemporary of Josef,

2:12:462:12:51

in the Wiener Morgenpost

described him as having, "A winning

2:12:542:12:56

double faceted personality,

so audaciously dashing,

2:12:562:12:59

with such Viennese high spirits

when it comes to gaiety,

2:12:592:13:01

so artistically dreamy when it

comes to your music".

2:13:012:13:03

Much has changed since we gathered

here. New offices in like ya and

2:13:032:13:10

Zimbabwe, an election in Britain

that we weren't expecting 12 months

2:13:102:13:14

ago and major political change in

Austria as well. You might have seen

2:13:142:13:19

the Austrian Chancellor in the

audience. Turbulent times globally.

2:13:192:13:22

As the world moves on, what is clear

is that for many of us, there is a

2:13:222:13:27

pleasing sense of continuity about

this concert, the way it offers the

2:13:272:13:30

perfect opportunity to reflect on

times past and consider the New Year

2:13:302:13:35

that lies invitingly ahead of us

with resolutions to break aplenty.

2:13:352:13:46

You can see this concert again

tonight on BBC4 at 7.

2:13:462:13:52

Riccardo Muti brings the orchestra

to its feet. They were a little

2:13:572:14:04

disdainful of Strauss earlier on in

the century.

2:14:042:14:09

APPLAUSE

2:17:082:17:14

The Thunder and Lightening Polka

by Johann Strauss -

2:17:152:17:19

Riccardo Muti conducting the Vienna

Philharmonic.

2:17:192:17:23

An Italian maestro are many links

with Italy, which Strauss toured in

2:17:322:17:36

1874.

2:17:362:17:45

He played in cities

including Venice, Milan,

2:17:452:17:47

Genoa, and Florence.

2:17:472:17:48

The great conductor Hans von

Bulow heard him in Turin,

2:17:482:17:50

and reported that, as ever,

"He played in such a manner that

2:17:502:17:53

that washes away all your internal

and external cares".

2:17:532:17:55

Back home, Viennese papers raved

about the success of the tour.

2:17:552:17:58

"Strauss creates near fanatical

reactions in Italy",

2:17:582:18:00

ran one headline.

2:18:002:18:09

I think equal enthusiasm

as to Strauss"s powers

2:18:092:18:10

here in Vienna this morning,

and a sense of anticipation

2:18:102:18:13

as to what comes next.

2:18:132:18:14

Is the Blue Danube

Strauss' masterpiece

2:18:142:18:16

The Italians certainly

thought so on that tour.

2:18:162:18:20

The relationship with Italy two way.

The Strauss family championing

2:18:202:18:24

Italian opera.

2:18:242:18:34

Verdi made this admiring

assessment of Strauss -

2:18:362:18:38

"I revere him as one of my most

brilliant colleagues".

2:18:382:18:41

LAUGHTER

2:18:462:18:49

APPLAUSE

2:18:502:18:55

APPLAUSE

2:19:112:19:15

Johann Strauss, Sohn An der

schonen blauen Donau.

2:19:292:19:31

Walzer, op.314

2:19:312:19:35

APPLAUSE

2:30:142:30:22

Riccardo Muti conducting the Vienna

Solomonic. The Blue Danube.

2:30:222:30:36

As broadcast at midnight last night

on Austrian television,

2:30:362:30:38

along with the sound

of the Pummerin bell,

2:30:382:30:40

literally the boomer bell

of St Stephens Cathedral at nearly

2:30:402:30:47

45,000 pounds in weight,

cast behind by Ottoman invaders.

2:30:472:30:57

"Same procedure as last year",

he asks, "same procedure

2:30:572:31:07

as every year".

2:31:082:31:17

Words that fill well with the Vienna

Philharmonic New Year's Day concert

2:31:172:31:19

because we kind of know

what is going to happen next,

2:31:192:31:22

Maestro Muti conducting the

orchestra.

2:31:222:31:34

APPLAUSE

2:34:492:34:58

The March, composed

by Johann Strauss Sr and dedicated

2:34:582:35:06

to Field Marshal Joseph Radetzky.

2:35:062:35:12

Now the orchestra get to enjoy their

New Year's Day. They will be in the

2:35:122:35:16

Golden Hall in a fortnight when the

77th Vienna Philharmonic Hall. As

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for the audience, now something of a

bunfight. Same procedure as last

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year, same procedure as every year,

we will do it all again in 2019. But

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there is 2018 to enjoy first.

Goodbye from Vienna and happy New

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Year.

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Every house in Britain

has a story to tell,

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but in this series,

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I'm going to uncover the secret life

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of just one, here in Liverpool.

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In March 1885, again, in this house,

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he grabbed her by the throat

and assaulted her.

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BBC Two returns to the city of music for the traditional start to the New Year, live from Vienna. Petroc Trelawny is our host for this hugely popular concert of polkas, marches and waltzes composed by the Strauss family and their contemporaries. The Vienna Philharmonic are under the baton of Riccardo Muti, whose close ties with the orchestra extend over several decades, and who is conducting this glittering event for the fifth time.

To mark 100 years since the death of the great Austrian architect Otto Wagner, soloists from the Vienna State Ballet perform at two of his most celebrated buildings, the Eckartsau Castle and the Court Pavillion at Hietzing Station. Both parts of the concert are broadcast live, ending with all the traditional favourites including By the Beautiful Blue Danube and the ever-popular Radetzky March.


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