Petroc Trelawny presents the finest galopps, polkas and waltzes at the New Year's Day Concert, live from Vienna. The Vienna Philharmonic Orchestra are conducted by Mariss Jansons.
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This is BBC Radio 4 Rick, we stand by for viewers on BBC Two to join
us. Welcome to Vienna and the Golden
Hall of the Musikverein. I'm Petroc Trelawny and you join
us with the players of the Vienna Philharmonic on stage
and ready for the climax of their annual New Year's Day
concert, this year led by the Latvian conductor
Mariss Jansons. The street cleaners have been hard
at work getting rid of the evidence, the burnt-out fireworks and empty
bottles, left over from last night's celebrations, when tens of thousands
packed into the Graben to see The bells of Stephansdom providing
a confident greeting to 2016, with the Blue Danube playing out
on Austrian television - as it will in an hour
or so here in the Musikverein. Before that, the Vienna Boys Choir
will make an appearance on stage and the traditional appearance
of dancers from the Vienna State Mariss Jansons makes his way
to the centre of the stage here at the Musikverein,
to conduct the overture The Overture to Strauss'
operetta, A Night in Venice, which is performed at
the Volksoper here in March. The flowers surrounding the stage
provided by Vienna's muncipal gardeners and arranged overnight
by an army of florists. And Kim Moon one of the
distinguished guests this year. Not sure if any of the flowers came
from the Prater Park but that's The dancers from the LA, that was by
Eduard Strauss, Beyond All Bounds. One of the most beautiful
waltzes of all time next - Music of the Spheres,
by Josef Strauss, written in 1868, when Josef was director
of the Medical Association Ball. One of the great Viennese
musical tone poems. APPLAUSE
Marries Jansons conducting the Vienna Philharmonic Orchestra this
New Year's Day in Music of the Spheres.
Jansons born in Riga, Latvia, son of the celebrated conductor
His career started when he was appointed assistant to the legendary
Evgeny Mravinsky at the Leningrad Philharmonic in 1971.
The Oslo and London Philharmonic Orchestras, the Pittsburgh Symphony
and Royal Concertgebouw in Amsterdam amongst the orchestras he has been
He is now music director of the Bavarian Radio Symphony
It was Jansons' particular wish to have the Vienna Boys Choir -one
It was Jansons' particular wish to have the Vienna Boys Choir.
The text seems very appropriate for New Year's Day.
"He who sings merrily and dances gleefully is armed
"Cheerfulness stirs the sluggish blood to new passion.
"What makes him glad makes everything good."
Schubert and Haydn both former members of the Vienna Boys Choir and
Mariss Jansons returns to conduct the Orchestra with the Vienna Boys
Choir. And the choir stay on the stage now
to perform a work by Josef Strauss, that makes good use of student songs
popular in Vienna in the second half Off On Holiday - Mariss Jansons
conducting the Vienna Philharmonic By the way, they may be
the Vienna Boys Choir, but since 1997, girls have also been
accepted by the Vienna Boys Choir. The children sing together
but the girls have their own choir too, under the patronage
of the famous Slovak soprano Six film milk -- female players in
the Philharmonic this year, slightly down on last year.
Ritter Pazman - Knight Pazman - was the result but it was not
a success, running for just nine performances here in 1892.
So, bitterly disappointed, he returned to operetta.
Within a few months he wrote Furstin Ninetta, which
Premiered at the Theater an der Wien, which, for the first time,
was lit with electric light, and the Emperor
It was a huge success, even if the work is pretty
It's a bizarre story, it's all set in at a seaside hotel
in Sorento, Italy, where the guests include a Russian born princess,
She enjoys dressing as a man and possesses a whole
Thankfully it all ends happily enough.
The section that came between Acts 2 and 3.
That was premiered on the night where the theatre was first lit by
electric light. Emile Waldteufel was always
delighted when he was described This is his reworking of his fellow
Frenchman Emmanuel Chabrier's A little fanning away
of the Spanish heat. The temperature is pretty high
inside here. If the Strausses were one famous
Viennese musical dynasty, We are going to hear a Ball Scene,
for Salon Orchestra by Joseph Hellmesberger Senior,
whose father had been one of the most popular Viennese
violinists of his time, and whose son became
conductor of this orchestra. The leader of the Orchestra there
and then the concert master is there. The Orchestra tell me how
many they enjoy working with January son, how clear he is giving a beat
and how passionately committed he is to Strauss.
The man who started the dynasty next, Strauss the father,
who had launched his orchestra in 1825, after splitting
He wrote many Galops. This includes the musical Sigh.
The Sigh Galop by Johann Strauss Senior, who had much to worry
His mother died when he was seven, his father drowned when he was 12.
His guardian made him apprentice a bookbinder here in Vienna,
but he found enough time to study viola and violin,
and in his late teens joined a string quartet,
which expanded into a string orchestra.
His son, Josef Strauss next. This is a very good example, a polka called
The Dragonfly. APPLAUSE
The Dragon Fly by Juan Strauss. -- Johann.
Next, TV viewers will meet again with the dancers
of the Vienna State Ballet, this time at the World Heritage Site
This time they are seeking love in the grounds of the Palace.
Jiri Bubenicek has created the Emperor waltz.
The Emperor Waltz. Mariss Jansons conducting the Vienna Philharmonic.
The costumes by the English designer Emma Ryatt.
Galloping and gunshots in our next work.
A hunt is in progress, the horns signalling the sighting
This is a polka that is taken from another Strauss operetta,
Cagliostro in Wien, a show about an adventurer and occultist,
Count Alessandro di Cagliostro, who was a conman and master
A polka from Johann Strauss's operetta Cagliostro in Wien,
another of those rather forgotten Strauss works.
Opened at Theatre an der Wien in 1875, hugely popular thanks
to its star, Alexander Girardi, great Austrian actor and tenor.
A monument to him stands near to here in the Karlsplatz
Korngold made a new version in the 1920s, and another
new version was premiered in Danzig, Gdansk in Poland, in 1941.
In fact, just after the Vienna Philharmonic New Year's Day
The tradition began on New Year's Eve 1939,
and then moved to New Year's Day in 1941.
What is now an event of such a joy and celebration was an invention
of the Nazis, who saw the sweet waltzes of Strauss
as being the perfect way of distracting the populace
from the increasingly-bleak state of the War.
Right from the beginning it was to reach a much wider
audience than simply those in the halls, with a live broadcast
on radio frequencies across the Third Reich.
A sober fact to remember in these days when this is a truly global
institution, broadcast to an audience of over 50 million
Then there are those lucky enough to be here. Like Ban Ki-Moon, the UN
Secretary General, and the Austrian president, his host today. I wonder
if they will have had to pay for their tickets, but they can cost up
to 1000 euros. There is a completed ballot that gives the chance to get
here. His first operetta for the Theater
an der Wien was called It was very much in the French style
popularised by Offenbach. His operettas often featured
a lively can-can, which is perhaps why Strauss decided he should
include a high-speed polka At The Double, fast polka
by Johann Strauss, one of the concert pieces he arranged
from the music to his first operetta, Indigo And
The Forty Thieves. Based on the One Thousand
And One Nights stories, So we are approaching the final
stage of this 2016 Vienna Philharmonic New Year's Day concert.
It is not billed in the programme but I'm not sure anyone will be too
surprised with what is to come. It was in 1873 that the relationship
between the Vienna Philharmonic and the Strauss family began,
when Strauss conducted his waltz Weiner Blut at that year's
Vienna Opera Ball, held Later that year he conducted them
in his Blue Danube Waltz. But there remained a certain
sniffiness from the orchestra This was after all the ensemble
of Brahms, Mahler, Richard Strauss. It wasn't until Clemens Krauss began
conducting an annual Strauss concert at the Salzburg Festival in 1929
that the Strauss firmly That relationship between Krauss and
the Strauss family continued until his death in 1954.
Mariss Jansons, 72-year-old Latvian conductor.
Conducting the Vienna Philharmonic in the Blue Danube waltz. Well,
there is just one more element of this concert that remains.
This is dedicated to a great military man, responsible for two
great victories at the end of his career as a soldier. He had 70 years
military service under his belt. You can give marks out of ten for the
clapping for the audience here. The tradition of clapping and staffing
feet goes back to 1948 by an Australian army band. That's when
the audience started clapping along. The Radetsky March, bringing
the 2016 Vienna Philharmonic Mariss Jansons bows to the audience
here in the sparkling golden hall, as the great tradition starts
the New Year in spectacular style. The New Year's Day concert
performance by the Vienna It's time for us to bid you farewell
from Vienna and wish you a safe,
Prepare to take your place in the best seats in the house as BBC2 returns to the city of music for the traditional classic start to the year - the New Year's Day Concert, live from Vienna. Petroc Trelawny is on hand to guide us through the finest galopps, polkas and waltzes, composed by the Strauss family and their contemporaries.
For 2016, the Vienna Philharmonic Orchestra are joined by conductor Mariss Jansons, who takes up the baton for his third time at the annual New Year gala concert from the beautiful Musikverein in the heart of Vienna. The concert will end with the much-loved By the Beautiful Blue Danube and the perennially crowd-pleasing Radetzky March.
2016 marks the 75th anniversary of this hugely popular event and the concert will be broadcast in over 90 countries with an estimated 50 million television viewers around the world, all of whom will be treated to performances not only by the Vienna Philharmonic Orchestra, but also the world-famous Vienna Boys' Choir and dancers from the Vienna State Ballet.