10/07/2017 100 Days+

Download Subtitles




Katty Kay in Washington and Christian Fraser in London report on the events that are shaping our world.

Similar Content

Browse content similar to 10/07/2017. Check below for episodes and series from the same categories and more!



The Russia investigation takes a dramatic turn


when President Trump's son admits to meeting a Russian operative.


Donald Trump Jr changed his story about the 2016 meeting but now says


he had hoped to find compromising evidence on the


It's the first admission of it's kind, but is it collusion?


Donald Trump Jr met the Russian lawyer in order to get the dirt.


Jared Kushner and Trump's campaign manager also sat in.


"Close to the dumbest idea I've ever heard" -


that was one Republican senator's reaction to President Trump


exploring a joint cyber task force with Putin.


The Iraqi government declares victory in Mosul.


There are celebrations in the streets as word spreads


the city has been liberated from so-called Islamic State.


But the battle has come at a terrible cost.


Look at the devastation around here, the heavy fighting, pretty much


every car and every building has been wrecked.


Travelling the route of the New Silk Road.


We have a special report on the trillion dollar project


With no other country offering a big idea right now,


this is the most ambitious bid to shape our century.


Hello, I am Katty Kay in Washington, Christian Fraser is in London.


Donald Trump's son, his campaign manager and his son in law,


talked to a well-connected Russian in a meeting billed as a chance


to get damaging information about Hillary Clinton.


The June 2016 meeting is the first evidence that people


in Donald Trump's inner circle did talk to Russians with the intention


Donald Trump Jr has now confirmed both


So is this meeting evidence of collusion?


Or was it simply a chance for some legitimate opposition research?


And how damaging is it to the President?


All questions for Congress and the Special Prosecutor


who are investigating ties between the Trump


It doesn't help the Trump family that the meeting is only coming


to light now because of press reporting, and that Donald Trump


junior had to change his story about it over the weekend.


key initially said it was about an adoption meeting but then change the


story to say it was about this information.


He said, we had a meeting in June 2016 and the woman said she had


information about Mrs Clinton. So far five people have been forced to


change the statements who are connected to Donald Trump. Trump the


right, his son, Donald Trump Jr, the Attorney General Jeff Sessions,


son-in-law Jared Kushner, for national security and -- national


security adviser and then his former campaign manager Paul Manafort.


At the G20 - and in various tweets over the weekend -


the President continued to equivocate on whether Russian


He even went so far as to suggest forming a joint cybersecurity


unit with the Russians, to defend against election


That idea brought this response from Republican Senator Lindsay Graham.


When it comes to Russia he's got a blind spot,


and to forgive and forget when it comes to Putin regarding cyber


attacks is to empower Putin and that's exactly what he's doing.


I am dumbfounded, I am disappointed, and at the end of the day he's


hurting his presidency by not embracing the fact that


Putin's a bad guy who tried to undercut our democracy and he's


Also voicing concern was US Republican Senator


Joining us now is Former National Security Advisor


I will assume when you were national security adviser to President George


Bush who and like this in the White House? We are an unprecedented space


in so many respects. This is a president who ran as a political and


surgeon to shake up Washington and that is what he is doing.


How damaging is this to national security in America? We are an early


days in this administration and they have clearly put down some markers


about trades, about climate, the Bush administration in its opening


day is pulled out of the Kyoto protocol which had been reached by


the Clinton administration and we received a lot of criticism for


that. I think we are early days and the question is on issues of trade


and climate, what is the Trump administration going to do in place


of that. You were at the G20 meetings in


Warsaw and on this latest indication there were meetings between Donald


Trump Jr and Russians operatives that have not previously been


disclosed, why do you think this White House has not said to its


members, every single meeting with a Russian operative must be disclosed


now. Two reasons. One this is a up early


on in the administration before has organised itself and secondly, the


President's attitude is this is an unfair investigation and he will


fight it at every step. An alternative approach is what


President Reagan dead in Iran-Contra and seek this is a problem and I


will get all the information out and get everyone to co-operate. I think


the latter would be the better approach.


Donald Trump spoke about the meeting with President Putin in Hamburg and


said he pressed President Putin about Russian meddling in the


election and said he denied it. You have lots of experience sitting


opposite President Putin. What did you make of the meeting and what we


have seen since? I think that part was pretty predictable, it's a good


thing President Trump bracelets, it is not a surprise Putin would deny


it, he done so consistently. The rest of the meeting was positive. I


do not think the president made any mistakes. They have a narrow focused


agreement on Syria which I think is a good thing, they apparently agreed


to set up something of a working group to address other issues,


including issues of them about Ukraine. Now a special envoy to deal


with Ukraine. I think they are off to good start. Rex Tillerson did a


good job and I would say it's a good start, incremental progress and no


major mistakes. Well you are here, the other story of the day is the


Iraqi Government declaring victory in Mosul. You were national security


adviser and saw the demise of Al-Qaeda in Iraq which of


course emerged again as Isis. Are you worried it might happen again?


The most important thing now is what comes in behind Isis. Is there an


effort to stabilise the situation and provide humanitarian assistance


and get good local Government in place, get the economy going, jobs,


if you do not do that, also addressed the sectarian tensions and


get the differing groups talking. The risk if you do not do that is


discontent continues and it will be a recruiting ground for Isis 2.0


which will be even more brutal than Isis. Thank you for joining us. We


will have more later on on the victory in Mosul the Iraqi


Government is the clearing. On the Donald Trump Jr story, it is


not unusual for digging an opposition politicians.


Obviously I'm the first person on a campaign to ever take a meeting


How bad do you think this is for the White House? Does this leads from


this story to impeachment? No, certainly not. It's the first time


that somebody close to Donald Trump was prepared to talk to the Russians


about the campaign and information on Hillary Clinton. It does not look


good for the president, izzard collusion? That will be the purview


of the investigator. It is more ammunition for the investigations


into the Trump Campion and their ties with the Russians. The house of


representatives and Senate will not impeach at the moment. On Sunday the


statement said, I went along to try and get dirt and she did not supply


and therefore no story but in some measure it shows they were trying to


potentially collude with the Russians.


It seems to show they were trying to get information and that is what


Donald Trump Jr went to that meeting for. The other question is how could


he possibly have forgotten the meeting and why did it not,


previously. The Trump administration seems


unable to escape this Russian story. Yes, the next three


weeks is supposed to be health care legislation passed,


and even move on to tax reform. But right now prospects


are looking pretty bleak. Joining us now is Republican


political analyst Ron Christie. I was hearing a Republican senator


this morning sending we can get on the health care and tax reform and


the Russian investigation is separate. What do you think? I think


they can but the Republican caucus is an somewhat of a disarray. You


would think after eight years of being a political wilderness and not


having the White House or Congress Senate Republicans would have a


coherent message and legislation to what to do about health care and


become less weak and they are in a rush, they go out again in a couple


of weeks for a month so you think they would have something concrete.


I am cautiously optimistic me Senate will put forward legislation but the


question is whatever the Senate does can pass the house of


representatives which is much more conservative than the Senate.


How serious is this Donald Trump junior Russian story is? Not so


important. I worked on several campaigns and if someone told me we


have dirt on opponents. Would you like to meet, of course I would say


that meeting. If a Russian said that to you? I think the interest here


anything attached with Russia plus Donald Trump is collusion or


obstruction or is illegal. I think that is a fallacy. We have had


strong disagreements on this programme and I have been leading


the charge about what the president is doing but just by the fact Donald


Trump Jr happy meeting with someone he did not know and succeeded in


cremation -- had information on the secretary of state, I don't think


that is a problem. If he knew he was meeting a Russian, that is more


problematic. It is not. You're talking about someone who was not


paid employee of the campaign and just because someone from a foreign


country asked to meet does not make it illegal. I met with several


officials from foreign governments who sought my opinion on a variety


of issues and just because they are from a foreign Government or a


foreign citizen does not necessarily make them illegal or make this


collusion or anything other than trying to have a business


transaction, in my view. Let me take you back to the programme in


Congress because it seems to me Donald Trump is the one who keeps


saying health care reform will be coming and is putting pressure on


himself and legislation like this does not take a long time to push


through. It took Ronald Reagan 5 years and 9


months to pass his Tax Reform Act - the more significant step


in the creation of Reagonomics. Bill Clinton campaigned to change


parts of that legislation - it took him 203 days to raise taxes


on high earners and cut some And the Affordable Care Act


took 426 days to pass. Which is perhaps the most


relevant time scale - this after all is the legislation


Donald Trump wants to We other currently 171. Why is he


putting so much pressure on Congress? I think he believes he


needs a legislative victory. This is as much about optics as anything


else. In the Bush administration it took ayes over one year to get his


signature no Child left behind legislation done. If you will pass


something to really revamp one sixth of the American economy I say don't


do it right and be very measured and let's make sure we get some


bipartisanship to do this right. -- I say we do this right. I think to


rush this through his misguided. They need to do it all right if they


are going to get it done. -- do it right.


The Iraqi government is declaring victory in Mosul,


the largest city under IS control, after nine months of fighting.


The prime minister, Haider al-Abadi, visited the city


Our victory today is a victory against darkness, brutality and


terrorism. I declare from this place, I declare to the whole world,


the end and the failure and the collapse of the so-called caliphate.


Our correspondent Jonathan Beale is in the city where troops this


morning were still dealing with the last few pockets


We are at the front line of one of the last pockets, we are told, of


resistance. There are snipers up there, 200 to 300.


But you can see the devastation around here from the heavy fighting.


Even though the Iraqi Prime Minister said they are on the verge


of victory, in his words, there is still a battle ahead,


there is still IS fighters out there and the battle for Mosul


Let's speak to the head of American troops in Iraq and Syria. Thank you


for joining us. There is a big delay on the line. Thank you. Actually I


am the head of all coalition troops. There is a long delay on the line.


You one Mac the war but securing the peace will be much more difficult.


Well, I think I take exception we have won the war. I would like to


offer coalition's congratulations to the Iraqi Prime Minister and the


Iraqi security forces on their historic victory. They also made


some extraordinary efforts to safeguard civilian lakes. I would


say the war is far from over, this is one major battle has concluded.


There are a number of Isis fighters still left in Iraq that will have to


be defeated before we have won the war. Lots of little towns where you


will have to fight between Mosul and Baghdad but if and when the fighting


is over, talking about that piece, I read today there are 25 million


Sunnis between Baghdad and Damascus whose governments have failed them.


What do these governments have to do to make Sunnis feel part of the


country they live in? I think you hit on the essential


issue which is the cause of Isis in the first place. The Government of


Iraq did not make the SUNY people feel as if their Government


represented the interests and fell prey to Isis. And if we are to keep


Isis, the next Isis, from emerging, we will have two, the Iraqi


Government will have to do something significantly different and reach


out and reconcile with the Sunni population and make them feel like


their Government in Baghdad represents them.


You today said make no mistake, this victory alone does not eliminate


Isis and there is still a tough fight ahead. What have you learned


from fighting, both the coalition and the Iraqi forces, learn from


fighting Isis in Mosul that will be useful in ...


This is a brutal, evil enemy. A very determined one. So one of the things


I learned is this fight will take longer than we anticipated. All sort


that fighting in cities, I already knew this as a professional soldier,


how difficult it was to fight in urban areas, but I never saw


fighting on this extend the duration and scale. We are applying all those


lessons to the fight we are already engaged in the global capital of


Isis in Syria. It was the American decision under


President Obama to pull American forces out of Iraq that enabled Isis


to grow in the region, in part, will American forces now keep a presence


in Iraq for longer, to stop Isis 2.0 from re-emerging?


I think so. Those decisions have yet to be made. However, there is an


ongoing dialogue between the Government of Iraq, the Government


of the USA and the governments of other coalition members nations. To


have a continued coalition presence here after the defeat of Isis, and I


think that is exactly one of the things we need to do to keep that is


going down the right path in the future. Thank you very much for


joining us. Even on the state when you have the


Iraqi Government declaring victory in Mosul, everyone is being


cautious. Both our guests being cautious, they are all aware of


history and the risks of repeating itself, and the complications of the


politics of this and the need to make sure all the different


sectarian groups feel vested in these countries and do not turn


against their governments and enable a future Isis to re-emerge.


They fought and defeated Al-Qaeda in Iraq and out of that has come


so-called Islamic state. The Prime Minister of Iraq, who the Americans


do like, I believe, spoke about how the effective federalism, devolving


power to Sunnis and also to Kurds, who have taken a lot of ground in


this site that they are reticent to give up. All the sides in this one


clear and straight and after their security and security and education


and policing so they will have, if they want to secure a peace, they


will have two devolve more power from Baghdad. The question, as


Stephen touched on, it's how much appetite isn't there in America


politically to keep an American force of several thousand,


presumably, in Iraq in the long-term." President Obama was to


remove those trips and how much political support got for that. Are


Americans prepared to say this is a long-term fight, even after Mosul


has fallen and it looks like Isis has been rolled back.


I'm sure there will but what we do not talk about is the rebuilding


effort. There are around 60 countries with the UN who have


contributed money to rebuild in places like Mosul and that will be


the first challenge, making sure people feel safe enough to come


back. Looking at the report we saw of the


sort of destruction and devastation in Mosul that will be no easy thing


to secure. Lots to do in Iraq. The UN envoy to Syria says


a ceasefire in the southwest of the country has held quite well


since it went into force on Sunday. It's hoped the truce might give


the negotiations some momentum. Staffan De Mistura said


the de-escalation of the conflict in south-western Syria should be


a stage on the path A judge at the High Court in London


says he will reconsider on Thursday the case of Charlie Gard,


the terminally ill baby, who has been offered treatment


in the United States. The 11 month old boy has a rare


disease and is being kept Charlie's parents want the judge


to evaluate an experimental treatment which they believe


could improve their son's Meanwhile, the High Court has


rejected a case brought against the British government


claiming it's arms sales The case was brought by human rights


campaigners who argue the UK is breaking international laws


by selling weapons that have The Saudis have been conducting air


strikes against the Houthi rebels We have had a lot of CBS News today


around the world but we just have time for a video of Donald Trump and


his good deeds of the day. While returning from T20 meetings in


Germany here he is boarding Marine one but the wind was clearly blowing


up a deal but lights on his feet, the president receives the marine's


cap and places it back on his head, only for it to blow off again. Not


to be defeated, the president chases at once more. Windy days and hats.


I've noticed the presidential tie was also flapping.


I thought that was a really nice gesture. There is the Marine


standing stiff as a board, not allowed to move.


Nice touch from the president on his way back to the White House.


Plenty more to come. You are watching 100 Days Plus from BBC


News. Still to come, Ukraine says it will


begin discussions to join Nato. We will try and find out how Russia


would feel about that and whether Nato is on board with the timetable.


We will talk about the new silk Road. We have spoke a lot about


globalisation in recent weeks but what about the new globalisation, a


report on the trillion dollar real project between China and Europe.


That's all still to come here on 100 Days Plus on BBC News.


It has been a day of mixed fortunes today. Some sunshine in the


south-east and Beeson spelt further north. Glorious pictures sent in


from the Highlands. Also some sharp thundery downpours. Those showers


are drifting into the North Sea was some still remaining in northern


England and Scotland. We end the day in southern England with decent


sunshine. Highs of 27 Celsius. Things will start to change through


tonight as cloud and rain gathers in from the West and particularly in


Wales and south-west England. Not as humid as previous nights. We start


off with some rain across England and Wales and more significant wet


weather arriving later in the day affecting England and Wales and


certainly affecting Wimbledon throughout the afternoon. Some rain


turning quite heavy. A brief role in the middle of the day so not bad for


the courts early on but more significant rain arrives. For


Scotland and Northern Ireland, not too bad and northern England with


sunny spells and scattered showers. Perhaps Northern Ireland will see


the best of the weather throughout the day. Temperatures way down on


what we have seen for southern England. Showers turning heavier and


more persistent throughout the afternoon into the south-west. That


rain pushes steadily eastwards through the night, some heavy,


welcome news for the gardens. Behind that area of low pressure the winds


swing to a northerly making it feel noticeably fresher on Wednesday.


Despite a good deal of dry weather on Wednesday with sunny spells. The


quieter theme looks set to continue Thursday into Friday, a good deal of


dry weather, scattering of isolated showers. Not all doom and gloom but


certainly feeling noticeably fresher and there will be rain at times but


also some sunny spells. The welcome party plus. Our top


stories: The Russian investigation takes a dramatic turn in Donald


Trump as Nixon admits to reaching special meeting a Russian. I think


the President's attitude is that this is an unfair investigation


commies going to fight it at every step of the way. President Trump has


ruled out exploring a joint cyber task force with Russia, a backdown


on the idea after one Republican senator described it as close to the


dumbest idea I've ever heard. Today, Ukraine's president said that


Nato has agreed to begin talks over joining the alliance. Speaking


alongside Nato's Secretary General, the president said he would


implement the reforms necessary by 2020. It comes as Ukraine continues


to fight a Russian backed insurgency in the east of the country.


Moscow responded today by saying Ukraine's potential ownership in


Nato would not boost security and stability in Europe. We are joined


by a former senior director for Russian affairs at the UN Security


Council in the Obama administration. It's interesting, mail, from the


Ukrainian Government, we have heard from Moscow, but I haven't heard


anything publicly from Nato. It is Ukraine driving the timetable on


this, is Nato fully on board? I think it remains to be seen exactly


what was agreed to. Ukraine has an interest in leaning forward a bit


and talking about membership. From Nato's perspective, from the


perspective of key allies including Germany and the United States,,


membership of Ukraine is not on the cards at this point. A close


relationship is, help with defence and military assistance, but I think


we're at the beginning of a conversation about what relations of


Ukraine will have up with Nato over the long run. Polls in Ukraine show


that ever since the Russian intervention in the east of the


country and in Premier, there is much more support in favour of


joining Nato membership in Ukraine than they used to be. -- and in


Crimea. But Russia says it won't increased about it, this is kind of


a red rag to Moscow, isn't it? Russians have objected to the Madrid


of Nato from the get go, going back to the early 1990s. -- to the


embodiment of Nato. But Britain come in some ways, is responsible -- pleb


won is responsible, for this U-turn in foreign policy. But again, and we


are the very beginning of a conversation, and it may well be


that we have to wait for several years before we get a better sense


of whether Ukraine has a serious chance of becoming a member. We had


on the show last week, very timely, the man who has been named as the


special Robson to do to Ukraine. It is has been said is a hardliner when


they comes to matters in Kiev. -- the special representative to


Ukraine. In terms of the Russian investigation, it's very difficult


to know,? Of weird habits conversation earlier in the year, I


would have said that the cupboard Ministry 's and seems to be doing a


somersault on Ukraine -- the Trump administration, he had talked about


three Ukraine under the bus, recognising Crimea, dropping


sanctions, but since then they have tax towards a more conventional


position. The President made a point of meeting with the Ukrainian


president, he flew to Poland, which is on the survival of Nato, the US


has said that sanctions that are at least van Gogh Nato, yes said that


sanctions will remain in place. So they are now at the point of saying


that pulses looked huge remain in place, and it is now up to us see if


we can't get Dunn it's essentially up to the Russians to agree together


troops out and stop the separatism rebellion, and in return, Ukraine


grants the region at high level of a tummy. -- autonomy. On the show, we


spend a lot of time exploring common themes across the abundant. Tonight,


we have an author who makes the case for us in his new book. He makes the


case for white prince. Democracy are under threat.


He says that America has been ceding its role ever since the invasion of


Iraq and that China will inevitably fill the global power vacuum. Ed,


thank you very much for coming into the studio. Donald Trump, Brexit,


the populism that we have seen in other countries in Europe, the


symptoms of what you're talking about or are the also causes of it?


I think they're about. But this has been a long time in coming. There


has been a source of... Perhaps self soothing interpretation of 2016


Brexit and Trump is just being the weird, volcanic eruptions in the


other rows dormant range of Western liberal democracy and that would be


a serious up misreading of how deeply rooted and structural the


middle of our middle economy is our feeling. The middle of the economy


has an impact on politics. If you're looking for an optimistic, feel-good


beak Street, I'm guessing this is not really. But how bleak are you,


how bleak do you feel about the prospects for the Western liberal


democracy? Is it really price point? Its crisis point, but maybe it is


called the retreat, and my publishers wanted it to be called


the collapse of Western liberalisation, and I argued against


that, because retreat implies the possibility of regrouping to stop


what we have seen in France with Emanuel Macron's victory, and Angela


Merkel trying to revive the Franco German motor, that is definitely a


glass of champagne half full. And in context, the rest of the world, the


non-Western is falling out of poverty at a faster rate than ever


before in team in history. That is good news. Our ability to cope with


the jubilant impact of that is not something that fills me with


optimism there. -- the geopolitical impact. It has been said before that


things will be better for children than for us, but that has stopped,


that is driving some of the resembled politics. There is, I


think, a Champagne moment in Europe with Emanuel Macron and that is


driving a rapprochement between Germany and France. But I wonder how


long that will last? Because you can't tell me that those elements


that were there, that were supporting the front National and


supporting the far left, they have not disappeared, have they? They


haven't. And it is troubling to see that e-mail Macron's victory was on


a historic low turnout, it's a really thin mandate that he has. And


of course, his plan is to get the Germans to relax, they are very,


militaristic fiscal rules. The Germans committed in their DNA to do


this. Unless he can persuade angler Marco -- angler Marco -- Angela


Merkel that it is in their interests to do this, the suffering parts of


the European Union are going to get more populous and resentful. I


surely caution implicit in your question. I wish we could top more


about it, we are running out of time. Thank you for coming on and


talking about your book. The agents at road was the world's


first superhighway. -- the ancient silk Road. Now, China is hoping to


recreate that route. The critics say Beijing is trying to exert its


influence on all 60 countries that are investing in it, but Mel -- many


could well be indebted for decades. Starting in China, the route winds


its way past Indonesia, Sri Lanka and ends up in Europe. At the same


time and that there will be a land-based networks making west


through central Russia. They call them the ships of the


desert. For centuries, the camel trains of the silk Road dominated


trade between China and the west. Now, China wants to recreate the


silk Road. This time, by train. When this man started here, 34 years ago,


China sold the role next to nothing. Now, he is a foot soldier for a


trading superpower. I asked how that had changed him. TRANSLATION: We are


under a lot of pressure. Expectations are high but there is


also a lot of hope. We need the training to develop faster and


better. The pressure is coming from the top. Not led by merchants... But


by a president. Chinese emperors once claimed to rule all under


heaven. With the United States no longer leading on trade, the


president has seized his chance. He calls his vision... His vision may


be so vast that it may be so decades until we can tell whether it is a


successor to the entrance will grow. But we can say that with no country


offering a big idea right now, that this is the most ambitious bid to


shape our century. Already, Chinashapes our material lives. But


selling abroad and building at home is no longer enough to keep the


strange economy growing. Now, it plans to build a broad two. A


win-win for all, says China. But when the talking is done, Chinese


traders drive a hard bargain. ,, for an old friend. The world by much


more from them than the other way round. Red tape can make importing a


nightmare. The Government can change the law at any time. So there is no


real concrete law. There is no grey area at the moment. -- there is a


grey area. If the Government made it more clear, it would be easier. But


the new Silk Road is China solving China's problems. Money and muscle


heading west. On a journey across three continents. Bidding to redraw


the map and command the century. It's strange to think isn't it, that


the old Silk Road, 2000 years ago, was the first ex-parent and


globalisation. -- the first experiment. And now they are


recreating it. And we have talked a lot on this programme, if America


loan, China is well prepared to step into this vacuum. -- if America


first means America alone. We have really enjoyed doing this


programme, behind the scenes, of course, there's a fantastic team who


have really helped us. We would like to say happy birthday to our editor,


Kate. There was chocolate cake as well. I


didn't get any chocolate cake, here in Washington. None.


We will see you tomorrow, do join us tomorrow.