11/07/2017 100 Days+

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Katty Kay in Washington and Christian Fraser in London report on the events that are shaping our world.

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Hello and welcome to 100 days plus. Donald Trump Jr has just made it a


lot harder for the US president to save his campaign didn't seek to


cooperate with Russia. The President's sober releases


e-mails which confirm that he did go looking for dirt on Philip Clinton


from someone who was introduced to him as a Russian government lawyer.


The e-mail said the Russian government was trying to support


Donald Trump's candidacy. Donald Trump Jr's response to the offer? I


love it. The Russian government itself, though, denies any


connection to the Kremlin -- the Russian lawyer herself denies any


connection to the Kremlin. After the fall of Mosul, the so-called Islamic


states shifts its attention to Syria. We will be reporting from


Raqqa. These fighters are coming up against


IS snipers in all these streets around here. Other than that, they


have drones, suicide bombers, this will be a very hard fight.


The so-called big economy has given rise to new ideas and some dynamic


new companies. But our work is properly protected, or flexible


contracts now an excuse to avoid response ability?


And Beijing is putting on quite a show. The promise of new trade along


the new Silk Road, bridging the gap between east and west.


In less than a decade, China has built twice as much high-speed rail


as the rest of the world combined. Hello, I'm in New York, Kristian is


in London. It now looks possible that Donald Trump's campaign didn't


knowingly cooperate with people from Russia. The e-mails have been -- did


knowingly cooperate. The e-mails had been released and show a direct line


from Donald Trump eyes inner circle to Moscow. The e-mail exchange was


with this man, Rob Goldstone, a music publicist and former tabloid


reporter who was arranging the meeting was up Mr Goldstone


represents the Russian pop star Emin Agalarov. His father is this man, a


Russian oligarch who teamed up with Donald Trump in 2013 to take the


Miss universe pageant to Moscow. He is close to present Pitt and stop --


close to President Putin. Donald Trump Jr, Jared Kushner and


Paul Manafort all attended the 20 16 meeting with the Russian lawyer.


You can see there are the direct link between the three men and


Moscow. Trump Junior claims he has no knowledge of what the meeting was


called to be about what knowledge was being supplied. The Russian


lawyer spoke to NBC News to deny that she is a Kremlin stooge. Have


you ever worked for the Russian government, do you have connections


to the Russian government? TRANSLATION: No. They had the


oppression, it appears, that they were going to be told information


that you had, but the DNC. They had the impression. Added they get that


impression? TRANSLATION: It is possible they were looking for such


information, they wanted it so badly. Joining us now from


Washington to try and unravel all this, our North American reporter.


Let's take a look at what Goldstone actually promised in his e-mail to


continue. He said, some official documents and if information that


would incriminate Hillary and her dealings with Russia and would be


very useful to your father. This is obviously very high-level...


Donald Trump Jr's response to all of that... OK. Anthony, help us


understand all of this. How significant is it? I think his is


devastating. Last night, we saw the New York Times described the e-mail,


but to see the actual text, the words exchanged, shows that Donald


Trump Jr knew exactly going into this meeting that he thought he was


going to be receiving assistance from someone connected to the


Russian government, that the Russian government itself wanted to help his


father get elected. Whether that actually took place in the meeting,


you heard the lawyer mentioned that she wasn't connected with the


Russian government, but here we are, he is going into the meeting, he


thinks he's getting those documents, and I think that is very damaging


for him. OK, damaging, Anthony, but already the question is being raised


about whether it was actually illegal. Collusion may be unethical,


it may not look good for the Trump campaign, if indeed this is


collusion, but is it illegal? That'll be for prosecutors to


examine. I'm sure the independent counsel is taking very close look at


this. The statutes involved say that foreign governments cannot


contribute to a political campaign, whether that is just dealing with


monetary contributions are contributing, sisters in the form of


incriminating in formation or opposition research, I think that is


an open question, but as you mention, the political object of


this absolutely devastating for Donald Trump Jr and for the entire


tribe of ministration and the campaign that had been denying any


sort of link any interest in getting help from the Russian government,


welcome here you have Donald Trump to your going into a meeting and


thinking that is what he was going to get, and if you look at the top


of this e-mail chain, Donald Trump Jr, the day before the meeting,


forward the e-mail to Jared Kushner and Paul Manafort, they had said


they went into the meeting not having any idea what would be


discussed, but it seems likely that they had these e-mails in their


inbox the day before they sat down intron tower. And of course, this is


the moment where we all good into the archive to see what they said at


the time. This is in January, Vice President Mike Pants denying anyone


in the campaign had contact with the Russians. Did any adviser, anyone in


the Trump campaign, have any contact with the Russians you're trying to


meddle in the election? So of course not. I think to suggest that is to


give credence to some of these... These bizarre rumours that have


swirled around the candidacy. I don't know what you and Cathy will


think but this looked like a classic sting from the New York Times, they


tease a bit out of it, and suddenly, there is this transparent release of


e-mails from Don Junior. But 17 minutes before he was transparent,


there was the New York Times story. Maybe they had this e-mail all on. I


think that is safe to say, these e-mails are not exhilarating or


exculpatory for Donald Trump Jr by any stretch of the imagination full


stop -- is exonerating or exculpatory. I think you try to get


ahead of the story. He was so explicit, going into this meeting,


it will not help at all, the fact that he got this out a little ahead


of time. And you heard Mike Pence there, trying to separate himself


from the story as best he can. But he has been put in a position,


multiple times now, with the Marco Fu and -- Michael Flynn allegations,


where he was time to say things and then become. Wouldn't you just love


to know who is leaking this information? There is a lot of


speculation. What more than one, 23, according to the New York Times. --


two or three. He in the White House was Donald Trump? I have been told


by people abroad, and here in the United States, this this is just


part of American politics. It's a brutal game people polled just do


opposition research. Here is a treat... He was the campaign


strategies for Mitt Romney. He worked on the Bush campaign in


2004. This is not normal in American


politics, clearly. Yes, opposition research happen, but does not come


from a foreign adversarial. But the question being raised, increasingly,


is whether it was in fact illegal. Lawyers will have to look into it, I


knew from both sides here, lawyers who say yes, this idea that they got


things from a foreign adversary or foreign entity, that is illegal. I'm


also hearing lawyers say no, this is good to be very hard to say that


this was actually illegal. This was the point talking about...


This is how lawyers make their money! Disagreeing with each other.


They are all lawyered up. There's plenty of money going around. But


even if he hasn't committed a crime, the real suggest the Russians were


dragged out the drug campaign to stop so even if you take Donald


Trump Jr out of this, the centre is that Moscow were trying to


interfere. -- the Russians were trying to help the Trump campaign


full stop the Russians have denied it just last week, but does that and


I'll ring true? The former Russian Prime Minister is


now a leading opposition figure and joins us now. Thank you for joining


us. Is it now getting harder for the Kremlin decided and interfere in the


American election last year? I think as the story develops, some kind of


understanding that Russians, especially those who are in the


so-called sanctions list, are trying to build up a model, to try to


eliminate those sanctions. I think this is a confirmation world than


interference the elections, though just e-mails that you're referring


to, suggests that that could also be the case. Why would Mr Putin have


gone to such lengths to stop Hillary Clinton? I think that is... That was


clear that during that period of time, during the Obama


Administration, relations with Mosul's Russia changed completely. I


would say American reaction of human rights violations taken by Putin was


absolutely unacceptable from Mosul's perspective, though I think this is


an obligation of the American Government as well as many other


governments, that human rights would be respected in Russia. Of course,


the Ukrainian affair, annexation of Crimea, the Syrian operation,


everything contrary to general order exists in this world. Mr Putin would


like to destroy all those things. Of course, he wanted his regime to be


seen as a decent one. But unfortunately, from his perspective,


the American administration and other Western governments are


standing very strongly on their values and understanding what is


international law is about. If your candidate an arms length from it, so


you weren't directly in the data, that would give your trying to keep


an arms length,... What we know about this oligarch, Agalarov,


hopelessly seated between? -- how close is heated Putin? I don't know


how close, but I would say he has an extensive and large business in


Russia and that suggests that he has a good relation with high-level


officials, and this lawyer, is not of course working for the


Government, but I think a number of her clients are people who are in


the sanctions list and that is why I think her attempt was to build up a


mechanism to limit those sanctions. I think that was what the main


purpose was. I know I don't know about the other information


presented in the e-mails... Some kind of compromise on Hillary


Clinton, as they say there, that could be the case. Other we have no


evidence at the moment. Very good to get that insight. They give very


much. The UK economy has graded record on


climate in recent years, but has created the right kind of implement?


-- has created record employment, but it is it the right kind? We have


a report on the gig economy will stop a report reveals that often,


this leaves too much at power in the hands of the employer.


The report recommends that workers for countries like Uber and


Deliveroo should be classed as contractors, giving them more


security. This is making people's lives more insecure are making their


lives harder to manage. We need to ensure that the self employed and


those working in the gig economy are all properly protected. You in the


UK, we have had record employment and a lot of it is down to the gig


economy. The problem is that retail ComRes are trying to shift some of


their contracts onto these as you are flexible contracts get around


some aspects of employment law. So he is saying Korea to play -- he is


saying, you need to pay national literacy workers, sick pay, holiday


pay, all the rest of it. The trouble is, and this is where you need the


balance, a lot of people in the gig economy like the hours. They were


four to they -- they work for two employers, they want to be flexible


to. But that got me thinking, wonder if those is a debate like that in


the knighted States, there is a debate here, but I don't sense that


there is one? -- the United States. The gig economy in 2020 will take up


43% of the American workforce. That is huge. American workers don't


necessarily expect modern times a paid holiday or health insurance,


even, pension benefits. That is not the social contract that Americans


make with their employers. So you hear Sangam bling here about that I


do hear grumbling about whether employers should treat their


employees better, but the gig economy is actually very well-suited


to the way people do business here. In this, our last week of 100 Days


+, we are looking more closely at some of the teams that have guided


this problem. Yesterday, we talked about the retreat of Western,


liberal democracy. Today, we're talking about the relationship


between politics and identity. The pattern was a UK Government


minister, also the last Governor of Hong Kong and a European


Commissioner. He is a man who has seen first-hand where national


identity and projects combine. His memoir is just out and he joined us


a little earlier. In your book, you talk about some


rather unexpected things in relation to the Prime Ministers you worked


with, three of them, Ted Heath, In the context of today's relaunch,


Theresa May's relaunch, I don't think there are bottles


of champagne being broken over the bows of the ship


with this relaunch. I think she is obviously


in difficulty. She is in office but


not I think in power. Because the Conservative Party


is quite nervous that any attempt to find a successor would divide


the Conservative Party even more fundamentally


than it is already divided. I think she is quite limited


and I think that she allowed herself at the early stages of these doomed


Brexit negotiations to line up behind the people who wanted a hard


Brexit or no deal being better than a bad deal and so on issues


like the role of the European Court of Justice, on immigration,


I think the Government have got into I think it's going to be a struggle


to get out of it without either loss of face or considerable bashing


for the national interest. Let's broaden this out and talk


about one of the themes in your book, the idea


of identity in politics. We all heard Donald Trump in Warsaw


last week and he spoke about the crisis of western


civilisation and the idea of identity for national politics


and I wonder whether there are not a lot of people, whether in Europe


or in America at the moment who wouldn't agree with him


and think we need to reclaim in this fast moving globalised world


where people are crossing borders, we need to reclaim a sense


of sovereignty and identity. in Europe and I think


in the United States is lamentable. His idea of identity bashes Islam,


keeps people out, very tough immigration controls,


doesn't have much to do with the things which America


helped to give the world after the Second World War,


institutions and values, which gave us probably the 50th


happiest and most stable and peaceful years in


the world's history. I believe the relationship


between freedom, the rule of law, economic success, democracy


and accountability so that the second half of the last century


was so much better than the first. If we want to go back to the first


half of the last century, when nationalism poisoned


and undermined civilisation, then President Trump is welcome to it,


but it certainly isn't something I went to see for my children


and grandchildren and that is why If we are to see a world


in which America has a different role and it seems under


Donald Trump, that role will be a more retiring one in the world,


do you buy into the theory that other countries are going to step


in, namely, the country you know very well,


China, for example. I think as far as President Xi


Jinping in China is concerned and so far as President Putin


is concerned, President Trump My own view is that there isn't


a really big and serious issue in the world that we can tackle


in a sensible, rational way I think Europe can play a part


but I think it's going to depend very much on the United States,


presuming the role that America doesn't need


to be made great again, America's reputation around


the world has been nosediving since President Trump came


into office and American soft power, which was one of the reasons why


America could achieve so much around the world, has been shot to pieces


by this administration. I don't say that with any


pleasure but it is true. You have been talking a lot


about Hong Kong of late, if that soft power is replaced


by hard power from China, Hong Kong is guaranteed by treaty


between Britain and China, a treaty which runs until 2047


and what it looks as though China is trying to do at the moment,


is to overturn some aspects of that agreement which was supposed


to guarantee Hong Kong's way My own view and I'm sure


that of other people, if you can't trust China


to keep its word on that, I want to see China


playing a responsible role I think China doing well


isn't a threat to us. I think China doing badly would be a


threat. Interesting words. There is no doubt


China's 20 extend its reach, and with the US it retreating from


things like the transpacific partnership, there is new


opportunity. China is promising a new trillion dollar rail routes,


following the trade route which once connected these and west. In a


special report, editors travelling the length of this new cell growth.


Today, she is in Western China, where it is hoped that it may help


resolve tensions bring a Muslim minority and the state.


This is the face of the new Silk Road.


Behind the stage make-up, this girl is a Muslim


The people left behind by China's growth.


TRANSLATION: Tourists I met had heard this place was unsafe,


that they couldn't be sure to get out unharmed if they came here.


Some people did some bad things and it has affected all of us.


China is trying to rewrite the script.


At this theatre, a grand narrative of ethnic unity


The wealth gap between west China and the coast,


a challenge as immense as the terrain.


This economy is addicted to building.


But the coast now has as much road and rail as it can absorb so China


seeking new frontiers at home and abroad.


To solve economic insecurity problems with one blow.


The Silk Road was once unimaginably remote the most


In less than a decade, China has built twice as much


high-speed rail as the rest of the world combined.


A magnet for the biggest tourist board in the world.


One the government hopes will kick-start growth


Heading west to troubled Xinjiang, do they fear becoming


TRANSLATION: Not afraid, there are people looking


A small group of people are causing trouble but 99% are good.


At the grand theatre, they are spending $250 million


But the more China invests, the more it has to protect.


The ancient Silk Road story has moments of danger.


And China's grand new narrative is fraught with peril.


Deliver on the spin of opportunities for all or forever scanned the crowd


Some challenges facing the new rising superpower, China. You're


watching 100 Days + from BBC News. Still to come, we had a report from


inside Raqqa in Syria. Our correspondence on the front line of


the fight against the so-called Islamic State. And it's the finish


line for the 2024 Olympics, two of the last contender still standing


will find out soon if they will be the host of that Olympics. Coming up


on 100 Days + on BBC News. Good evening fell stop a change of


fortunes, some rain, some of it really quite heavy across the


south-west and for parts of Wales, as you can see from this weather


watcher's picture, it pushed its way is through the day bringing some


heavy rain across the south coast into parts of Dorset and towards SWI


team. The first significant rain we have seen for this year's Wimbledon


championship. The rain will convey you to track its way steadily


eastwards and it will continue to be quite heavy, which is great news for


the gardens and for the farmers out there. Our first significant rain


across parts of southern England so far this July. Clear skies, a chilly


night to come in the north of Scotland, low single figures in


rural sheltered spot, but where we keep the cloud, it will be 14 or 15


degrees. That will start a clear away from the Essex and Kent coast


during the morning, perhaps lingering for the morning rush hour,


but behind, a legacy of either wait for a time before it will thin and


break in the sunshine will come through. Not looking too bad across


parts of Wales, Pinter Northern England, the Isle of Man, Northern


Ireland and the bulk of Scotland will start the day on a slightly


chilly enough but with plenty of sunshine. It really is looking like


a promising date through the middle of the week. As we go through


Wednesday, that car that we have done towards the south-west will too


thin and break-up during the latter stages of the morning. The wind


swinging round to a north-easterly direction, it may feel chilly on the


coast, but with shelter we could cease some temperatures of low 20s,


possibly. It bodes well if you have tickets for Wimbledon, Wednesday, a


perfect day and one with it. 22 degrees the high, 72 Fahrenheit.


Training into their stake -- not much change into Thursday, dry, in


the sunshine, it will continue to feel quite warm with light winds, 18


to 23 degrees. Clouds gather into the far north-west. A week rent will


make its way slowly south and east, bringing some showers, but by


Friday, a ridge of high pressure builds again and generally speaking,


things look quite promising. Maybe some could arrive as we go through


Friday, but cry. President Trump's son has


released an email chain, showing he was keen to use


information from Russia to dig the dirt on Hillary Clinton


and help his dad win But the lawyer he met


denies the allegations of a connection to the Kremlin,


and insists never possessed any Emails released today


by Donald Trump Jnr have changed the debate here,


about whether the Trump campaign cooperated with Russia


to affect the US election. In the correspondence,


this is what the person arranging an encounter with a Russian


lawyer promised. "Some official documents


and information that would would incriminate Hillary


and her dealings with Russia, and would be very


useful to your father. This is obviously very high level


and sensitive information, but is part of Russia


and its government's support for "If it's


what you say, I love it, Well, joining us now


is Matthew Rojansky, director of the Kennan Institute


at the Woodrow Wilson Center. Matthew, put your Moscow hat on. Or


are they making of this in the Kremlin? What is very strange about


how this has come together is that the lawyers substance of argument,


which had to do with the sanctions bill, the Russian retaliation etc,


that was 100% consistent with the Kremlin message. It plugs into


basically a life and death struggle for the Putin regime. The big


proponent of those sanctions was Bill Browder, a former American


citizen, British who bankrolled the campaign to get sanctions against


Moscow. The element of luring the Trump campaign in, what sort of


sounds strange about all of that to my year is if you are running an


intelligence operation to try and subtly push an American election,


that is the opposite of what you do. You do not very publicly, and


through these very obviously traceable intermediaries, put out


feelers and deliver nothing of real value or substance. You do the


opposite. The very quietly deliver things of tremendous value in a


plausibly deniable way. This seems like the opposite of a Russian


intelligence operation. It may have been a bumbling rush-hour Kremlin


lobbying operation. What you say is that maybe the lawyer overrate this?


Or maybe somebody further down the It is quite possible. The way the


Kremlin system works made recalls the Soviet system. Over fulfilling


the plan. Putin set a general direction for a Russian policy. Then


you have a competition. Remember the famous competition among the


hackers? This competition among elements of the Russian state and


their interlocutors and intermediaries to fulfil the


expectations of the top guy. This was a bungled operation by some


people who were not the A team. We should say we have some news in from


the White House. A statement from President Trump, in which he says, I


son is a high-quality person and I applaud his transparency. As we


pointed out earlier, these e-mails would not have come out if it had


not been for the New York Times investigation. Prosecutors have been


asking for these contacts, these meetings earlier. I take the point


Matthew is making. Maybe there wasn't a plan from the Kremlin in


this particular direction. The point is, and this is surely the uppermost


point of this story, is that he was prepared to go along with it


thinking the information was coming from Russia. It doesn't matter what


information was coming dandelion, or whether he knew who he was meeting


or not, he was prepared to go along with it, thinking it was top


information coming from Moscow. Surely that is the point? You will


hear a lot of -- about the issue of intention in the next few days.


Day by day, the Islamic State is being driven out of its strongholds.


The Iraqi government declared victory in Mosul yesterday,


though the United Nations believes there are some 3000 civilians


trapped in areas still held by the militants.


With that push in Mosul the next target is Raqqa in Syria.


Gabriel Gatehouse, along with cameraman Fred Scot


and producer Peter Emmerson, have been with them on the front line.


In Raqqa, Islamic State is making its final stand. Fighting their way


into the heart of the caliphate, a fragile coalition of power is great


and small, of Arabs and Kurds, of men and women. This woman is in


command of a thousand fighters on the Raqqa front line. Together,


these men and women make up the Syrian Democratic Force is, STF. An


alliance that includes Arabs but is led by the Kurds. Their success


against IS has come in no small part to backing from the United States.


The Americans have quietly built a presence on the ground, providing


weapons, training and firepower. The commander and her unit on the


Western Front. It is a tight squeeze inside a home-made armoured truck


with a couple of firefighters driving towards the centre of Raqqa.


Islamic State are supposed to be surrounded inside the old city. But


IS have dug tunnels. And they frequently pop up you don't expect


them. These fighters are coming up against IS fighters in all of these


streets. They have got drones, they -- this is going to be a hard fight


into the centre of Raqqa. Inching their way into the city, house by


house, the fighters are so close they can hear IS in the building


across the street. This is of course a battle for territory. They are


fighting to retake the capital of the caliphate. Has something


happened? Everybody is springing into action. They think they have


got some Isis snipers in the buildings around.


What is going on? They are moving here. They now face


Islamic State at perhaps their most dangerous. Wounded, cornered and


with nothing left to lose. But the fall of IS is inside. -- in sight.


So what happens next to Islamic State?


Joining us is James Jeffrey, who is a former US ambassador to Iraq.


He also served as deputy national security advisor under


Ambassador Jeffrey, what happens to Islamic State fighters, both from


Iraq and Syria, who haven't been captured or killed? There will be


some. There will be some. A few will try to generate a gorilla campaign


against whatever the authorities are in Iraq and particularly Syria. We


saw Visinia rack in 2010, 2011. There weren't many but they can


strike from time to time. There will be very stringent controls on


letting these people back to their homes. There already are in places


like Tunisia. What would your advice be to the Trump administration and


the coalition forces in the region, to try to make sure that Isis 2.0


doesn't re-emerge? That is a really great question and it is what people


are focused on. This is a huge victory we are seeing unfold in


Mosul and in the days and weeks ahead it is the destruction of


Islamic State, the first since the downfall of the Taliban in 2001.


However, we have Isis in the state it was from 2014 to 2017 because of


Iran's intervention in Iraq and Syria. Supporting its clients,


particularly President Assad, but also some of the Shia politicians in


Iraq. And Isis... We have to avoid that happening again. Iran is the


next big issue that the Trump administration is going to have to


tackle. It is not ready to do it yet because it has been preoccupied


understandably with Isis. It seems to me that the United States sees a


friend in the Prime Minister, someone they can work with. He is


already on record as saying they need a federalism in Iraq that works


for the Sunnis and the Kurds. When it comes to Mosul, that is tricky.


It is a city were all others different societies are present. How


do you command a city like Mosul and give these communities faith that


their interests are being upheld? There is a standard that we have


learned in many conflicts. I think of Sarajevo in Bosnia. It requires


strong international engagement. You have that with the American led


coalition right now. It requires the kind of bottom up reconciliation


that we have seen in some areas of Iraq that have been retaken by Isis.


But the underlying problem is, and we saw Visinia rack and we have seen


it in Afghanistan, if you cannot control the big politics of the


region, neighbours such as Iran, Pakistan, no matter what you try to


do on the ground, falls apart. We have to deal with Iran's influence


in Iraq. James Jeffrey, thank you. Politics, too much of it. Time for


some sport. Paris and Los Angeles


will be the next hosts In an unusual move, both cities


will be officially awarded the 2024 All the other contenders


pulled out of the race. But the question remains -


who'll host the games first? Emmanuel Macron has put himself


front and centre of the Paris bid. It is him again. He makes me feel


inadequate. Here he is last month,


boxing in Paris as part of events He is only four years younger than


me. I hate him! He's also been in Switzerland -


as has the mayor of Los Angeles, with gold medal sprinters


Allyson Felix and Michael Johnson. Donald Trump has got into this,


hasn't he? Yes. Surprise, surprise he is rooting for Los Angeles. He


has got this fancy dinner with lobster, which I think he hates.


They are meant to be celebrating Bastille Day. It is going to be


about the Olympics and who wins. Donald Trump likes to win. Emanuel


Macron likes to win. I was looking at this dinner. It is at the jewels


were -- Jules Verne restaurant in Paris. No other guests. It has been


closed to all other guests. It is just Emmanuel Macron and Donald


Trump. They will dine on blue lobster and caviar, among other


delicacies. Does the President like blue lobster? No. He likes a stake


and he likes it well done. Otherwise he likes diet Coke. This is not his


kind of dinner. I could always sit in.