12/07/2017 100 Days+

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As President Trump takes office, Katty Kay in Washington and Christian Fraser in London report on the events that are shaping our world.

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Hello and welcome to One Hundred Days Plus.


The President says his son is innocent and transparent -


but Donald Trump Jr's incriminating email chain leads


And now even Republican lawmakers normally loyal to the White House


are pressing for answers on why these Russia disclosures


The president's son says he should have done things differently


but he denies there's any big deal about meeting a Russian operative


Far from Washington - those who voted for Donald Trump


are riding out this latest controversy and still like


He's a good businessman and that's what the country needs -


get people working and I think that is what he is doing.


President Erdogan tells the BBC that membership of the European Union


is not indispensable for Turkey and that the bloc wastes


Kazakhstan, our latest stop along the new silk road.


Chinese companies are pouring workers into the country -


it leaves the locals wondering what the benefit is for them.


Plus what happens when a teenager takes over


Well here in the UK those usual complaints have given way


Hello, I am Katty Kay in Washington, Christian Fraser is in London.


The President insists the White House is great shape


We are focused on healthcare, tax cuts, reform and many other things.


Behind the scenes the President, his administration and now his


family are dealing with dramatic developments in the Russia


investigation - which continues to overshadow the rest


Republicans are openly expressing dismay at the conflicting stories,


the indications of collusion with Moscow and the incompetence


The normally loyal New York Post put it more bluntly,


today accusing the President's son, Don junior, of "stupidity."


Last night Don Jnr gave his side to the story.


I probably would have done things differently. This is before the


Russia mania before they were building up in the press. For me


this was opposition research and I wanted to hear it out. But it went


nowhere and it was apparent that was not what the meeting was about. Did


you tell your father anything? It was such a nothing there was nothing


to tell. The White House has said very


little on these emails. The spokesperson says


she is now referring all questions on the matter


to Don Junior's own lawyers. The president has had no public


engagement for three days but he did tweet following that


Fox news interview. My son Donald did


a good job last night. He was open, transparent


and innocent. This is the greatest Witch Hunt


in political history. I spoke with Democrat Congresswoman


Jackie Speier who sits on the House So, Congresswoman, the president


tweeted today that his son is open, transparent and innocent


and that the Democrats are guilty of conducting


a witchhunt, as is the press, Are you Democrats on a witchhunt


against this president First of all, it is an investigation


that is being undertaken We have a bipartisan investigation


going on in the Senate, a bipartisan investigation


going on in the house, And now you have got


the new FBI director who the president appointed,


testifying before the Senate today Furthermore, the fact that his son


disclosed the e-mail chain was done only because it was about to be


released by the New York Times. So that is not so much


transparency as it is trying Is he innocent, though,


of any legal misdemeanour? There seemed to be quite


a few lawyers saying there was actually nothing illegal


in what Donald Jr did. So the FEC is very clear that no


candidate or operative can receive anything of value


from a foreign national. Value is not determined by money,


it is determined by something of value, getting dirt


on Hillary Clinton would be It is the equivalent of off


research, but you're not getting it from someone in the United States,


you're getting it from foreign That would subject him


I believe to an SEC action. You sit on the intelligence


committee, do you have anything else in terms of communications,


that the public does not yet know I would not be able to disclose that


to you, but I can assure you that Donald Trump Junior is going to be


someone that I want to see come before our committee


and be questioned. Congresswoman, you have


said that the Russians are experts at compromise,


I'm sure this is what is preventing You do not know that, do you,


you do not know the Russians have compromising material


on this president? No, I do not have any


official documentation. We certainly have the dossier that


Christopher Steele provided that has And so far from what I have been


told, there has not been anything that has been checked out about that


dossier that has not So he does in terms of compromise


talk about videos and the like, I do not know if they exist,


I do not know if it is even true, but so far the dossier has


proven to be accurate. Are you convinced that there


will emerge during the course of Bob Mueller's investigation


or the House or the Senate investigations, more evidence that


reveals that the Trump campaign colluded in a way that was illegal,


with the Russian government? And if breadcrumbs actually give


you a pathway to a certain end, And there are so many breadcrumbs


that have been dropped by the president himself on any


number of occasions, on a number of different issues as it relates


to this investigation, that I believe personally,


this is me personally, not based on what I'm seeing


in the intelligence community, I think that there was


collaboration, coordination Congresswoman Jackie Speier,


thank you so much for joining us. It's not just Democrats who are fed


up with the Trump team failing to report these contacts


with the Russians. Republican Congressman Trey Gowdy,


is a fierce critic of Hillary Clinton, but here's his advice


for the White House. Someone close to the President needs


to get everyone connected with that campaign in a room and say,


from the time you saw Dr Zhivago until the moment you drank vodka


with a guy name Boris, you list every single one of those


and we're going to turn them over to the special counsel because this


drip, drip, drip is undermining the credibility


of this administration. Just for full disclosure I have


watched Doctor Zhivago twice. Trade dowdy is not someone, let's just


talk about him, is someone who has stuck up for the White House all


along and if he is saying things like that it suggests to me the


Republicans are concerned. Just in the last couple of minutes I've


heard from a couple of Republicans who had said to me before that they


did not think there was anything in the Russian investigation and now


they are leaning towards thinking investigation has to be conducted


fully by Bob will because they start to think perhaps there is something.


I cannot explain otherwise why Donald Trump has repeatedly backed


away from being tough on President Putin and it is putting those things


together that is leading them to think there is something that there


is far behind all this smoke. They also watch the White House change


the goalposts, initially at the White House said, John -- Donald Jr


said the idea that they had cooperated with the Russians was


disgusting. Now they're saying there may have been some kind of


cooperation but it was totally legal. We do not know what happened


after the meeting because everyone in the media has reason to say


nothing happened. On the problem is when you look at what was in the


e-mail, he says you know, I love it. There is no pause, he does not think


this is concerning, maybe I should report this and that is what is


raising concerns with Republicans. Exactly that, the White House does


not seem to think it was a problem meeting Russians to get dirt on


Hillary Clinton. Well as was mentioned they're President Trump,


his nominee to be the next FBI director was grilled by Senators


today. Christopher Wray is up


to replace James Comey, who you'll remember was fired


by Mr Trump in May because of Mr Wray promised he would insulate


the bureau from any outside, But he was also pushed


for his thoughts on Don Jr's meeting Republican Senator Lindsey Graham


wanted to know what the President's You're going to be the Director


of the FBI, so here's what I want If you get a call from somebody


suggesting that a foreign government wants to help


you by disparaging your opponent, To the members of this committee,


any threat or effort to interfere with our elections from any nation


state or any non-state actor is the kind of thing


the FBI would want to know. That is reassuring for those people


on the committee. But what I want to know, you could say Donald Jr is a


private citizen, Jared Kushner, who is copied on these e-mails is a


special adviser to the White House, as close as you get to the president


and he knew what was in the e-mail. So how come his position is not


hanging by a thread? The question is does he keep his security clearance,


I do not think anyone is saying he will be fired from the White House


but Republicans and Democrats are saying he should not have security


clearance because of that meeting he had. There is the e-mail directed to


him which specifically said Russia, Clinton, meeting. He cannot have


ignored that. So - far from Capitol


Hill and the feverish atmosphere of Washington -


what kind of effect is this having on the President's popularity


around the country? Today he has a 40


percent approval rating. Down 5 points since


he came to office. But of course - and we have


said this many times before on this programme -


that only tells part of the story. His support within


his base is solid. 85 percent of Republicans


are still behind this president. We have sent Nick Bryant to Nebraska


- a state that has voted Republican In the rollicking ride


of the Trump presidency, you often wonder how long he'll stay


on the horse. Every day seems to bring


a new wrestle in the mud. With the media, Congress,


international leaders. But here in Nebraska,


a Trump state at the election, there is still strong support


for his presidency. Despite the attempts


of opponents to ensnare him. Are you happy with


the job he is doing? I think he's doing all


right he has some flaws, but like any president,


you know, they have I think he needs to


lay off the keyboard. He is a good businessman


and that is what the country needs. Get the country back out of debt,


get a lot of people working. On the night that Donald


Trump Junior's bombshell e-mails were released,


the pigs were more No-one we spoke to at this county


fair was in the least bit concerned that team Trump might have been


telling porkies about its contacts They echoed the White House line,


that the controversy The media has taken


it out of proportion. I don't know, I haven't followed it


for awhile now because of that. I think it is just spun


by the left because they lost. What is noticeable about coming


to the heartland is that people are not glued to their smartphones


all the time. They're not following this


presidency, minute by But you do get the sense that some


people feel Donald Trump is fixated That is the concern of the local


Republican mayor, Josh Moni. What I hear from people is less


tweeting and more doing. I think there is kind


of bewilderment about the compulsion to tweet


about anything and everything. I think people like to see him focus


more on working on some In America's fiercely


patriotic heartland, it seems anomalous that voters


aren't concerned They seem more mistrustful


of the media than Moscow. Another indication of the polarising


effect of the Trump presidency. Of how the United States


increasingly sounds It's our penultimate


show on 100 Days+. All our friends


are back with us this week. Scott Shellady, Managing Director of


the stockbrokers TJM Europe is here. The cow man! He is back. You watch


that video, people in Nebraska asking why you keep going on about


the Russia thing. Even if you take Donald Jr out of this, let's say he


is a political novice, there is still in the e-mail thread showing


that Russia wanted to interfere in the election. Surely worthy of


reporting. But they have tried to get involved in other elections


around the world, that is what they do. It is nothing new, it is old


news. It is just a fact that those who who did not get their candidate


elected are apoplectic and cannot deliver the fact that Donald Trump


beat their candidate. But we just heard from Republicans and they're


worried in Congress that this is constantly overshadowing the agenda,


it has been shoved down the line, there's not on health care, tax


reform, infrastructure. And it is Russia always at the forefront. Well


the media are putting rush at the forefront and that is slowing down


his agenda. It is an obstruction. But I would add that his own friends


in Congress, other Republicans re-elected with him, have not


behaved well either. So here's the swamp which he thought would be the


Liberals or Democrats, is turning out to be the entire Congress. They


want to keep it the same as it was and do not want to rock the boat.


That is causing problems for him. He is a guide that may go down in


history as being the first president that is going to try to do what he


said he was going to do and his own party might even stop him. I've


heard that argument before, if it is not Russia it is the press and even


possibly the Republican party obstructing this president but one


of the things that supporters liked about him when he ran in the


election was he was the guy that was going to do deals and get things


done in Washington. Specifically on jobs and the economy. But


infrastructure, that tax reform Bill. But we have nothing big on the


economy that he has done. Absolutely right and that has been his biggest


mistake so far, he has not been able to heard the kittens. But his own


party is stabbing him in the back and grandstanding. They have had


seven, eight years to put something together that would be better than


what we have today and they puff out their chest and said I do not like


this or that. It is bad timing and the hardest thing to turn around in


an economy is sentiment and confidence. He has been able, he has


turned that around without telling anything else around. He needs to


see the economic indicators coming in in support. Confidence is also


slipping in the UK, you think Brexit is a good thing, you still think


that? I do, you see so many cranes from here in the studio, still a lot


of building and that is a good economic indication. I will never


accept that if I want to take my ball home and leave the club I would


be penalised for doing that. I do not get that.


I think you're in so much trouble, Christian, you have gone over time


again! Fascinating. I keep hearing it again and again, it is the


Republicans, the press, the Russian investigation. Some supporters have


a lot of tolerance for his inability to get things done. Let's move on.


In just a few hours President Trump leaves for Paris where he will be


The purpose for his visit is to celebrate 100 years years


since US troops entered the First World War on the side


of France and Britain - but it's hard to believe politics


Perhaps one of the greatest divisions comes on the Paris Climate


Accord which Mr Trump recently pulled the US out of.


A brief time ago I spoke with Lord Stern - one of the leading


climate change experts who helped advise the French government


I put it to him that President Trump believes upholding the accord could


risk jobs and other countries might not keep their side of the bargain.


Since Paris, country after country has upped its ambition


and is over performing, so other countries are


The United States made a reasonably modest commitment in Paris to reduce


by 26% to 28% measured from 2005 to 2025.


It could well do that without the commitment


of President Trump because a dozen states, 350 cities, a whole bag full


of big firms are all committed within the United States.


But there is one side of America, I mean we've heard in our programme


today from people in Nebraska, and they don't feel


as committed to climate change as they do to job creation.


Yes, and he's obligated, in my view, to put serious economic arguments


in front of them and there are big job opportunities in


The United States is a great leader in innovation


So it's very important that the economic arguments are laid


out properly and not offering people false promises and false arguments.


He's not going to presumably do that because the man


who is the Environment Secretary, Scott Pruitt, is actually


I mean, I'll read you something he said.


"I think that measuring with precision human activity


on the climate is something very challenging to do.


I would not agree that it's a primary contributor


Well, if Mr Pruitt has new scientific results,


The scientists would be very interested in seeing them.


You've got 200 years of climate science, clear and strong, that


But if you look across the administration at the Secretary


of State, Mr Tillerson, if you look at Treasury,


if you look at Defence, you'll find quite a lot of people


in the administration who are absolutely not climate


deniers and recognise the importance of action.


The Paris Accord was hailed as this landmark achievement,


but how watertight is it if a country the size


of the United States can just walk away without any repercussions?


Actually, the United States cannot withdraw for three years,


that was part of the Paris Agreement.


At the end of that three years, you have to give a year's notice.


Donald Trump's going to sit down with Emmanuel Macron over the next


couple of days and I'm sure there's going to be some arm twisting


in the background about climate change.


If you were sitting in front of him, for the next two-days,


I'd be very happy to sit before him and I would make the case


that the route to the low-carbon economy is enormously attractive,


in terms of jobs, growth itself, cities where you can move,


cities where you can breathe, cities where you can be productive,


eco systems which have some chance of survival.


It's completely false to portray it as climate


responsibility versus growth, that's just to get it wrong.


We've seen that around the world in China now, in India,


in the kind of objectives that President Macron himself has.


What we've done in the UK, where we've cut emissions by 40%


This is the growth story and it's a very attractive one and that's


the most important point I think to get across.


Some interesting thoughts. A quick take from that which is keen to get


across, first America was not forced into this and second-best they said


they were on target. The target was not imposed on them as President


Trump seems to suggest and thirdly within the Paris agreement they can


change the targets. So why pull out of it. That was the argument of


Barack Obama and when he pulled out they said it is crazy, we could have


been negotiated the existing deal. I think Donald Trump did not want to


be part of that big international deal, he does not like that kind of


international pact. I spend a good deal of my day


watching the Twitter But yesterday -


competing for attention - was the twitter feed


of Southern Rail, not a twitter handle I normally follow -


but yesterday the company left it in the hands of a 15


year old student. Here on Work Experience and ready


to answer your questions! Would you rather fight 1 horse sized


duck or 100 duck sized horses? Now I don't know if you have tried


these feeds in the past. And certainly not to


a question like that. Eddie is that guy that


goes the extra mile. A horse-sized duck


would be pretty scary! And with that the hashtag


'Ask Eddie' was born. And he answered every


question they had. People asking for


dinner suggestions. If he would rather have rollerblades


on his feet or chopsticks for fingers. He answered every single


one. I tried to get on the programme and he's not responding. He has been


taken out of circulation! That is because they brought him back again


at Southern Rail. They put up a photograph of him and he is back on


that Twitter feed. I do not know what kind of summer jobs you had,


Christian, I do not know many 15-year-olds who have such excellent


work experience. He is going to be inundated by job offers. Just to say


one thing, you are a useless Twitter feed editor, you need to find


something else. You missed the best of all, at one stage he was asked


whether a boy can swim faster than a shark. Here is what he replied. I do


not think so, but you never know. There could be a girl. All the girls


following Eddie! Hopefully all the boys as well and learning a thing or


two. We will see if we can get him on the programme tomorrow.


You're watching 100 Days Plus from BBC News.


Still to come - Donald Trump calls the Russia investigation a witchhunt


- the same term used by Nixon during Watergate.


We'll hear from William Cohen who was a Republican Congressman


And our journey continues on the New Silk Road -


with a stop in Kazakhstan - where people feel squeezed by their


That's still to come on 100 Days Plus, from BBC News.


For most of us a beautiful day today. Lots of sunshine. Take a look


at this picture from yesterday. A different story. This is in London.


And today sunny skies in the north and south. So a very different day


today across the south of the country with that rain pushing out


into the continent. We are under the influence of high-pressure bust up


it started off cloudy across the south and then just some fair


weather cloud is pretty much it. So for this evening we have the


high-pressure over us, a light wind and it is going to turn quite cold.


In the middle of city centre is not especially cold but in rural areas


just take a look at the difference. Four or 5 degrees across some


northern areas. Thursday another fine day, the high-pressure


dominating much of Western Europe. We have a weather front approaching


the north-west, so perhaps thickening cloud and some spots of


rain. Also just the chance of summer showers around across the Midlands


and South West. But for most of us it is dry. So very hit and miss and


for most of us another fine day. Low 20s in the south, around the 20


degrees mark or high teens in the North. The greater chance perhaps of


catching a few spots of rain across the north-west of the country. So


there is fine day all in all and a good evening as well. From Friday


onwards we see the wind picking up a little bit and pushing in some cloud


from the Atlantic. So turning cloudy across some of these western areas


and overall what is going to be happening through the course of


Friday, weather systems coming in, bringing outbreaks of rain. That


means Wimbledon is looking cloudy, and warm, actually really muggy


during Saturday and Sunday for the finals. So this weekend, cloudy and


muggy in the north-west in particular, and warmest across the


South. I'm Katty Kay in Washington?


And I'm Christian Fraser in London. Our top stories - Donald Trump


defends his son over a meeting with a Russian lawyer


during his Presidential campaign saying he's


innocent and transparent. His son disclose the e-mail chain


was done only because it was about to be released by the New York Times


so that is not so much transparency as it is trying to get the upper


hand. Turkey's President tells the BBC -


the EU is wasting his country's time and that his country would find it


"comforting" if the EU said it The Kremlin today insisted it was in


no way linked to the meeting between President Trump's son


and a Russian lawyer. And on Twitter Mr Trump again


said the current news cycle is a witch hunt.


It is the same term by the way that Richard Nixon used


nearly 45 years ago. The cases are different but maybe


there are some lessons from history. Back then, William Cohen was a young


Republican congressman from Maine who would go on to become a Senator


and later the American Secretary He's been a regular guest on this


programme and joins us again today. When you look at what has happened


over the last 48 hours with Donald Trump, the revelations of Donald


Trump Jr's meetings with Russia and the solicitation shown in those


e-mails, how normal is that in the context of American politics because


that is what some people around the White House seem to be saying. It


was not just opposition research, when it comes to a foreign


government. This is something that has the sink into the American


people, that the Russian government according to all of our intelligence


agencies, in fact did meddle in our last election. They did interfere,


they did try to impede Hillary Clinton in terms of her quest for


the presidency. Our intelligence agencies say that. The KGB and


President Trump are denying this. It brings into focus the statements


coming from the President that none of his staff, his associates had


anything to do with the Russians. We are starting to see that is not


quite true. We saw with General Flynn, we see with the President's


son-in-law. It raises the whole issue of truth and the search, not a


witch hunt, it is they hunt for the truth. Once we start it, we have to


carry it out. I want you to take me back because one of the things we


heard earlier in the programme from some of Trump's and supporters, it


is all about the press conducting this investigation and no one else's


very interested. Pickers but the Watergate because my understanding


is that for the first year of that, people around America would


interested in the Watergate investigation. I think that was


true. The President tried to say this is simply a break-in, I had


nothing to do with it. The Democrats are simply trying to reverse the


election, which they lost. Sounds familiar! But there is something


else involved. I believe it is important that those who have


business interests not be engaged in the White House. This is for family


members and non-family members. Anyone who has a security clearance


and is also working in the White House, anyone doing business as


Sidey whiteheads, but is reducing the White House to the Camilla


commercialisation. This is all tied up in who we believe, why are they


getting security clearances? This is the branding of the President but


not of America. People have to wake up and say, this is serious, not


simply an issue of what people said. Our intelligence community believes,


we have absolute evidence the Russians tried interfere. The


President needs to put that down to the Russians saying, you can't do it


again we're not going back to reset until you stop doing what you have


doing with us. I know you have been travelling, what did you make of the


way he approached the Putin meeting and what was said and the readout we


have had since? I want to have better relations with the Russians,


I think we need that. But not on the terms. Let's just start over and go


forward, forget about Crimea, Ukraine, what we have done in terms


of the elections. Let's start from scratch and move forward? No. If you


violated a national law, occupying a country, destabilising Ukraine,


interfering in our system, we don't go back to square one, we have to


hold you accountable and we will and once we get reset with you on a


proper basis, then let's go forward and have a proper relationship.


Thank you. It's one year since a faction


of the Turkish army said it was seizing power to protect


democracy from President But without public support


or wider military backing, the botched coup attempt


was soon over. Today, Mr Erdogan remains a divisive


figure in Turkey but he now appears stronger and more


confident than ever. He sat down, for an exclusive


interview with Zeinab Badawi for HardTalk and she gave us this


preview of their discussion. Turkey is a pivotal nation and it


operates in a tough neighbourhood. President Erdogan says he wants to


retain ties with Turkey. There has been a lot of criticisms


about his style of leadership, his clamp-down on press freedoms,


particularly we have heard that from the European Union leaders who say


this is another reason why we cannot allow Turkey to become a member of


this Democratic club, because frankly, it does not possess the


right democratic credentials. I put to President Erdogan that he really


has particularly in the last years since that failed coup, really


clamped down on press freedoms. Turkey now imprisons more


journalists than any other country in the world. TRANSLATION:


Opposition journalists write a lot of insulting articles about me.


Those insulting articles are still out there. Those people who are


inside jail, they are not journalists, some of them


corroborated with terrorist organisations, some had possession


of firearms. They have a journalist Badgebup this is not the official


press guard. They claim to be journalists. On the European Union,


I asked him what he personally thought about membership for the EU


and he expressed his frustration but at the same time, it was a nuanced


response because he said nevertheless, Turkey is still


committed to the accession process. TRANSLATION: We are loyal to our


worth, if the EU bluntly says we will not be able to accept Turkey in


the EU, this will be comforting for us. We will then initiate plan B and


see. The European Union is not


indispensable for us. Turkey is able to stand on its own two feet.


The full HardTalk interview with Turkey's President Erdogan


will be broadcast here on BBC News on Friday.


Now if you have been with us through the week,


you've our journey along China's new Silk Road.


It includes a rail route across three continents


which will cost the Chinese government almost a trillion


Our China Editor Carrie Gracie is travelling the 11,000 kilometre


And as the Silk Road reaches Central Asia,


she has been looking at China's challenge to Russia.


For two centuries, central Asia was Russia's backyard.


Kazakhstan got its independence when the Soviet Union collapsed


but Russia remained the language of business until now.


This is China's new Silk Road in action.


The economy is slowing back home, state construction


Master builders delivering a cutting-edge urban railway.


TRANSLATION: China's advanced technologies bring convenience


and more comfort and safety for travellers in Kazakhstan.


If this project goes well, it will serve as a model for others.


China says its plans offer something for all.


But most jobs here will go to Chinese workers and the loan


It is not just building across central Asia,


China's buying into banks and oil fields as well.


In one village, a kindergarten has become a hostel for Chinese workers.


This woman complains of pollution and jobs going to outsiders.


TRANSLATION: The Chinese have done nothing.


There is a huge oil industry here but no jobs


or facilities for young people. We want to live decently


so that we won't be ashamed of our village.


Government intimidation makes many Kazakhs cautious on camera.


But privately, several accused Chinese companies


China says its presence abroad is a win-win,


a win for China and a win for the people in its path.


They say their oil wealth is going elsewhere.


And that win-win means China wins once and then China wins again.


Back at this cathedral, this man says the nations of central


Asia are like billiard balls in a game between the big players -


China, I believe will be some threat for our independence.


Because for China, Kazakhstan is not an equal partner.


For China, Kazakhstan only is like one of the players


That game stretches far beyond these mountains.


But already, it is changing lives, shaping the destiny of young nations


We are sharing the air miles from this trip. It is only fair since we


have been promoting it! Tomorrow is our last show. Cathy wants to go on


holiday, I would work through but Cathy wants to go on holiday! What


have we got on the show? I think you are a slave driver! Just one


question, one tweet, Donald Trump senior called Donald Trump Jr a


high-quality guy and I just want to know whether anyone has ever called


you that. No but I know Melania Trump is a very high quality person


and I think you are as well. 175 days. I am still standing! Or


sitting! I am feeling 125 years old! We will be back tomorrow for the


last show for 175 days, do join us for that, goodbye.