19/01/2017 BBC News at Ten


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Tonight at Ten - on the eve of his inauguration,


Donald Trump promises immediate action to start fulfilling


He flew into the nation's capital less than 24 hours before


being sworn in as 45th President of the United States.


One of his first official duties - to remember America's fallen,


as his deputy promised early action on promises made.


We've focused at the President-elect's direction


on a day one, a day 100, and a day 200 action plan,


for keeping our word to the American people and putting


the President-elect's promises into practice.


We'll be looking ahead to tomorrow's events in Washington DC,


and we'll be asking some Trump voters for their expectations


At the World Economic Forum in Switzerland, Theresa May tells


business leaders that Britain wants to forge a new role


From IRA commander to key figure in Northern Ireland's government -


Martin McGuinness retires from front line politics.


Dozens are missing, feared dead, after an avalanche engulfed a hotel


And a French win in record time in the Vendee Globe Race -


one of the world's toughest sporting challenges.


And coming up in Sportsday on BBC News: Another series defeat


for England's cricketers in India, as they lose by 15 runs


Donald Trump is in Washington DC tonight, on the eve


of his inauguration as 45th President of the United States.


The ceremony, on Capitol Hill, is expected to draw hundreds


of thousands of spectators to the nation's capital, as Mr Trump


takes the oath of office, before taking up residence


His vice-president, Mike Pence, said today that the transition team


had been working flat out to ensure they'd be ready to implement


Our North America editor Jon Sopel is in Washington tonight.


Thank you, and Washington this evening is a city in a city


undergoing profound change. Tonight, the Obama is well spent their last


night in the White House and just across the street from here it's


Blair House, the government guest house, where the Trumps will be


staying and midday tomorrow, it's all change.


No longer a plane with Trump emblazoned on the side.


President-elect arrived in Washington aboard a US military jet,


and this is the brand he'll now be promoting, defending and the United


States of America. And though not yet Commander-in-Chief, it was the


first opportunity to practice his salute, as the base commander


greeted him and the future First Lady. Across the city the future


vibes president was thanking the current administration for their


help in the transition and reflecting on the magnitude of


what's about to unfold. A momentous day before a historic day and I'm


pleased to have a chance to report to the American people and all of


you the progress that we have made at the President-elect's direction.


Washington is a city in transition. It's out with the old and in with


the new were the Obama is' possessions are loaded up and taken


away. Michelle Obama tweeting one last photo from the balcony of her


home these past eight years. And a video, one last walk through the


house with their dogs. The new tenants pick up the keys tomorrow.


Today, they were being sated at a lunch at where else, the Trump


International hotel. With Republican congressional leaders. I want to


thank everybody, you have given such great support in this room. But


amidst the gladhanding that is part and parcel of any inauguration,


there's solemnity to. The nation's future leaders going to Arlington


Cemetery and the tomb of the unknown soldier to pay their respects to


those who have made the ultimate sacrifice for their country.


Hundreds of thousands are converging on Washington for the inauguration.


Tonight, eight make America greater gain concert at one of the nation's


most famous monuments, the Lincoln Memorial. Anticipation and


expectation are high. Since the day he came down the escalator in Trump


Tower, I was on board. I got to sing the national anthem for Mr Trump


five different times at his rallies, so I received an invitation in the


mail. He has the chance to be the next Ronald Reagan. But not everyone


coming to Washington is here to Lord Donald Trump. There will be


protesters as well. The inauguration marks the peaceful transfer of power


but it doesn't signify a unified nation. We'll be talking to John in


a short while again. In his inaugural address tomorrow,


Donald Trump is expected to set out his personal vision


for America's future in line with his familiar campaign pledge


to "make America great again". It was a pledge which made


a significant impact in what's called the rust belt -


those states in the old Our North America correspondent


Nick Bryant considers the view from Pennsylvania,


on what voters are now expecting. It's the places of American


decline that make sense of Donald Trump's rise,


and it wasn't just working class rage that helped him reach


the White House, but despondency. We can be just as competitive


as other countries... Rick Rowlands supported him


precisely because he was a billionaire businessman,


and he's been impressed with how the President-elect has fought


during the transition to keep car We were a manufacturing


powerhouse at one point. When you say we're going to make


America great, well, maybe that means we're


going to restore that sense of optimism in people, that, yes,


tomorrow will be better than today. Well, it remains to be seen,


but at least he's talking about it. The neat take on Donald Trump


is that critics took him literally but not seriously,


and supporters took him They didn't necessarily


believe everything he said, but he was talking and listening


to them. Which is why in working-class


communities expectations are so high that he will create manufacturing


jobs and reverse industrial decline. Just flip it on and plant's


up and running again. Ron Baraff looks after this derelict


old steel plant and jokes about the magic switch that


President Trump will flick They're thinking with their


hearts, not their heads. It will lead to a lot


of disappointment and people being discontent, because it can't


happen the way they As much as we would love it,


industry just isn't what it was. And look what's happening just up


the road in Pittsburgh. Uber is testing out


its driverless cars. And research labs are developing


robots and drones that will deliver So the irony is during this


political season that although Trump has made the claim that it's foreign


trade and outsourcing which is killing jobs, really,


by a factor of four to one, In this age of disruptive


technology, Donald Trump was In these rust belt communities,


he'll find it hard to reverse it. As President Trump prepares to take


office, there'll be an even sharper focus on his relationship


with Russia and with The outgoing president,


Barack Obama, has underlined that having a constructive relationship


with Russia is in the interests Our Moscow correspondent


Steve Rosenberg considers the view from Russia,


on the Trump-Putin relationship. If Donald Trump redecorates


the White House, here's something Artist Nikas Safronov says America's


new leader reminds him of Napoleon and a pirate,


and although Nikas did have all bases covered, he says he always


believed it was Trump who'd create a fresh canvas for


US-Russian relations. "The American people made


the right choice," he says. But did Moscow do


more than just hope? This month, a US intelligence report


claimed the Kremlin tried to influence the election for Trump


through cyber attacks, Internet The report highlights the role


of RT, calling the channel the Kremlin's principal


international propaganda outlet. How awful it is to see that


such a huge and powerful country relies on such bad,


bad, sloppy and just Is RT putting out


Kremlin propaganda? It's the same as what they say about


the BBC and CNN here in Russia. There are separate allegations -


that the Kremlin has been cultivating Donald Trump


for at least five years, and that Moscow has


managed to compromise him. These claims are unsubstantiated,


but potentially explosive. Fake news, say his supporters,


and Moscow says the same. But the fact that some people


are even suggesting that Russia influenced an American election,


that means that Russia will loom And from the Kremlin today,


this call for cooperation. We desperately need a good


relationship with Washington, And what will be the approach


by President Trump, Meanwhile, outside Moscow,


at a restaurant called The Trump, they're celebrating the inauguration


with a new creation - Like the man himself,


it's larger-than-life, and for some, It's a symbol of the high hopes -


the very high hopes - Russia has for Trump,


and its appetite for Our North America editor


Jon Sopel is in Washington. In that first address to America and


the world after the ceremony tomorrow, what kind of tone do you


think Mr Trump will strike? I don't think it's going to be a long list


of detailed policies. I don't think we're going to hear about building a


war with Mexico and repealing Obamacare and rewriting trade deals.


Instead, we are being told it's going to be more philosophical,


sincere, personal, about what it is to be an American, the duty of being


a citizen, what government can do for the people. So I think Donald


Trump will be trying to paint with a very broad brush, but also very


conscious alike he said when he got elected, that he was here to unify


the American people, because what we are also going to see over this


weekend the inauguration and not just the parties and the balls, but


also the protests as well. Because many, many Americans are still not


reconciled to the idea of a Trump presidency. Let's talk about


expectations as we look ahead to the next four years. The report there


from Pennsylvania, lots of people with very, very high expectations of


this presidency. What is your sense of that and the risks involved there


for Mr Trump? Talking to the people who are converging on Washington


today to support Donald Trump, they genuinely do believe he's going to


make America greater gain. Just like eight years ago, when Barack Obama


had that word hope around his neck, well, Donald Trump has got make


America greater gain. He's going to have to deliver on jobs, on trade


deals, and I think we are going to see him wanting to act very quickly


on all of those things. But with some of the jobs, they haven't just


gone to cheap labour from Mexico or the Philippines. They've gone to


non-passport carrying robots. That's an issue. But he can set up an


infrastructure bill, which could funnel billions of dollars into the


US economy, desperately needed, and that will create jobs. So I think he


will turn the taps on on spending, so he can deliver on that promise to


create those jobs. We'll talk again tomorrow, but thanks very much, Jon


Sopel at the White House. The Prime Minister says she's held


positive discussions with leading banks after a number of them warned


they might relocate jobs Theresa May was speaking


at the World Economic Forum in Switzerland, where she also told


business leaders that global companies needed to change


to regain public trust, as our economics editor


Kamal Ahmed reports. Wrapped up warmly, whisked


from private meetings with bankers to private meetings


with billionaire It's frankly hard to come to Davos


and not look like a member But although the Prime Minister


was here to insist that Britain was open for business,


she was also here with a warning. Talk of greater globalisation can


make people fearful. For many, it means their jobs being


outsourced, and wages undercut. It means having to sit back


as they watch their communities And in their minds, it means


watching as those who prosper seem Theresa May came to the World


Economic Forum in Davos not so much Yes, she backs globalisation,


she backs free trade, she backs But she had another message for this


rather privileged audience - do more to make globalisation


work for everyone. And if you don't, she will be quite


willing to intervene to ensure It was sunny here today, yes -


but the Prime Minister's visit to Davos was overshadowed,


as a number of international banks, including Goldman Sachs and JP


Morgan, said they were reducing investment or planning to cut jobs


as Britain planned for Brexit. But many reflect that


the City is a big place, For Barclays, London


is still the leader. I think the UK will continue to be


the financial lungs for Europe. We may have to move


certain activities. We may have to change the legal


structure that we use But I think it's going


to be at the margin, I caught up with the


Prime Minister later. What have the banks


said to you about why I've had a very good,


positive discussion with banks about the benefits of the City


of London, about what it is that has brought them to the City of London,


and how we can continue to build And there are huge benefits


for investment in the UK. We have a fundamentally


very strong economy. We have a service sector


that is very important to us, I believe that truly global Britain


can bring jobs and prosperity to the UK across-the-board,


including in financial services. It is time, she says,


to look at the wider horizon. But will the world's business


leaders enjoy the view? This man employs over 112,000 people


from India to Britain. Frankly, the UK will have to spend


a lot more time explaining what their positions in this


global world means. The reality is, it is no longer


a block of nations that Theresa May has admitted the journey


ahead will be uncertain, but she claims a bright future,


and says free-trade deals are being But, just as with the EU,


discussions are just that - the hard negotiations


are yet to come. Martin McGuinness, the former IRA


commander who became a pivotal figure in the political


establishment in Northern Ireland, is to retire


from front line politics. He said he would not


be capable of fighting the forthcoming election campaign


because of serious health problems. Mr McGuinness's political opponents


have paid tribute today, to his commitment to providing


stable government for Northern Ireland even


when it meant sharing power Our chief correspondent


Gavin Hewitt has the story. Martin McGuinness is one of the most


controversial leaders A central figure in both Northern


Ireland's pain and its peace. Now he is standing


down due to illness. I will have to be very


honest with myself. The question I ask myself


is, are you capable? Are you physically


capable of fighting this election with the intensity


that elections need to be fought? And the honest answer is that I am


not physically capable. His background lay


in the civil rights riots in Londonderry,


but Martin McGuinness By the age of 21 he was second


in command of the IRA in Derry, Can you say whether the bombing


is likely to stop in the near future Well, we will always take


on the considerations and the feelings of the people of


Derry. These feelings will be passed


onto our HQ in Dublin, you know? He served two prison


sentences in the He was also convicted


of IRA membership. He denied that he


was the IRA chief of staff but said he regarded


it as a condiment. staff but said he regarded


it as a compliment. We don't believe that winning


elections and winning any amount of votes will bring


freedom in Ireland. At the end of the day it will be


the cutting edge of the IRA Today he was asked


whether he had any regrets Well, I think people have


to consider the circumstances that existed in this city when I did


join the IRA. We had a city where people


were being murdered by the RUC, where they were being murdered


wholesale, as it were, on bloody Sunday by the Parachute Regiment,


and the fact that many young people like myself, supported by many


thousands of people in the city, I'm not saying they were the majority,


decided to fight back. But he was one of the IRA


leaders who recognised that continued violence would not


bring further political gains. It laid the foundation


for peace talks. Sinn Fein nominated him as its chief


negotiator, leading to the Good Friday Agreement and


eventually power-sharing. Bitter foes sat alongside each


other in a new assembly. I've been over 25 years working


on building the peace. I believe that you know the names


of the killers of my father. And I want you to


tell me who they are. But the man who had fought


the British state eventually won There you go.


Are you well. Thank you very much.


I'm still alive. Martin McGuinness's departure


from politics comes at a sensitive It's power-sharing


assembly has collapsed and Brexit poses difficult


questions about the future Many people struggle to forgive


a leader so steeped in the violence of the past but he earned


grudging respect for his The gunman who turned politician had


the authority to make compromises. Joining me from Belfast


is our Northern lreland political Let's talk about Mr McGuinness's


legacy, how do you see it? Relatives of IRA victims may say good riddance


to Martin McGuinness because as Gavin made clear he was an IRA


leader at the time the organisation carried out attack after attack and


even stooping to tactics like sending hostages to their sudden


deaths in car bombs detonated before they could get out of them. At the


same time he was a key influence in removing the IRA from war to peace


and it was the fact people knew he had been there at the sharp end I


gave him the authority to convince other Irish republicans to come with


him and to denounce those who still clung to the gun as traitors to the


Ireland of Ireland. The next generation that comes will not have


the same authority. They won't have the international recognition of


Martin McGuinness. They face challenges struggling with the


collapse of the power-sharing executive in Northern Ireland. But


hopefully they will not face the same kind of conflict of which


Martin McGuinness was both part of the problem and part of the


solution. Mark Davenport, thank you for your thoughts on the Martin


McGuinness decision today. The political crisis


in Gambia has intensified, with troops from neighbouring


Senegal entering the country in support


of its newly-elected president. Adama Barrow has been unable to take


office because the country's longstanding leader,


Yahya Jammeh, is refusing to step The Foreign Office is


advising against all Six Britons have been killed


in a minibus crash in Saudi Arabia. The group had been


on a pilgrimage to Mecca. The victims included four members


of one family - including a baby. Dozens of people are feared dead


after an avalanche destroyed a hotel At least three people


are known to have died. Rescue teams are searching for up


to 35 people still trapped. The avalanche happened yesterday,


after a series of powerful earthquakes struck the area


of Abruzzo, around Our correspondent James


Reynolds sent this report. At night the quickest


way through the wall These rescuers are among the most


experienced in Europe. Step-by-step they shovelled their


way up towards the Rigopiano Hotel. They went further in and came


to where the avalanche hit. A six-foot-high wall


of snow and rock Several miles away a father


waited for news of his Straight after yesterday's


earthquakes they text each other. "Calm?"


"That's hard," she replied. "I think that the worst has already


happened," he reassured her. His daughter and many other


people may be trapped These pictures filmed after daybreak


show the Rigopiano hotel swept away Do you think it's possible


to find more people alive? For sure, yes.


For sure, yes. In the past we've found


people after three days, or something like this,


and especially in this case there could be some


room under the snow. Tonight conditions


here have improved. We haven't felt any


more earthquakes or tremors, and rescue workers will


want the snow to hold off to allow Italy's Prime Minister has


said that the entire James Reynolds, BBC


News, Penne, central Italy. The latest crime figures for England


and Wales reveal there were more than five million offences of fraud


and computer crime in It's the first time figures


for those crimes have been included, and it's seen the total number


of offences jump People are now twice as likely to be


a victim of credit card or online fraud as they are a victim


of vehicle theft. Surrey County Council, which is run


by a Conservative administration, is to hold a referendum


on whether to increase council tax by 15% to sustain


its social care service. The council says there's a "huge


gap" in its budget and blames cuts imposed by Conservative


ministers at Westminster. The area includes the constituencies


of Chancellor Philip Hammond and Health Secretary Jeremy Hunt,


as our deputy political editor You don't get a choice about getting


old, but how to pay the huge bills Councils pay most and one's had


enough of government cuts, Surrey's asking council


taxpayers yes or no I think it's important that


politicians stand up and tell the truth and be honest


with the residents, and tell them It's not easy finding people


here who are keen to pay what will be nearly ?200 a year


more on an average home, though no Hi there.


Good afternoon. So I believe, I heard it


on the One O'Clock News today. How about some more of that money


for council for social care? Certainly not.


That's totally obscene. There's lots of money in Surrey


but that doesn't mean that, you know, we're going to accept


a 15% rate increase. I can't afford to pay


because my pension is frozen. More council tax to


pay for social care. Do you fancy that?


Yes or no? I think we live in a


very affluent area, I think we can all afford it and there


are lots of people around who need The sign of a civilised


society is one that looks after and cares for its older


people responsibly. And I think it's a problem


that's going to escalate It's not going to go away


and we have to address it. The Labour leader also agrees


all taxpayers should bear the rising It's not right that we should


thrust the social care crisis on local authorities,


all of whom have different levels of and the central government should


face up to its responsibility. Local voters have been


asked to vote on a council tax rise just once


in England in the last five years. The local MPs here include


the Health Secretary and the this local referendum very, very


carefully. If Surrey votes no to this council


tax rise it could mean But it could also force


ministers to confront a tough and perhaps unpopular set of


decisions on the future funding of social care that many say government


after government have avoided for John Pienaar, BBC News,


Esher, in Surrey. One of the world's toughest


sporting challenges, the Vendee Globe round-the-world


yacht race, has yet again This time it's Armel Le Cleac'h,


who crossed the finishing line off the west coast of France in a record


time of 74 days. The Welsh sailor Alex Thomson,


who recovered from a poor start, Our sports correspondent


Natalie Pirks reports After ten unpredictable


weeks in the world's most dangerous seas,


a Frenchman celebrating victory What wasn't was the Hampshire


yachtsmen who gave him For three months Alex


Thomson has battled everything the ocean's


thrown at him, eaten only freeze dried noodles,


and survived on as little At stake was his lifelong obsession


of becoming the first Briton to win Dame Ellen MacArthur also


came second in 2001. When you've been at sea


for that long and you know you're not going to win


the race, and you're absolutely exhausted I think


that's pretty brutal. So hopefully he'll have a smile


at the finish line but it will Thomson set off from here,


Les Sables-d'Olonne, on 6th November heading out of this case


down to the equator He headed around Antarctica, under


the Cape of Good Hope, and passed round Australasia, crossed


the South Pacific where he passed Point Nemo, the furthest place


from civilisation on Earth before heading


round Cape Horn, back up the Atlantic and negotiating


the equator once more. When he arrives back


here at Les Sables early tomorrow morning he'll have notched up


somewhere between 25,000 For Alex there have


been good moments. It's a good day in


the Southern Ocean and And moments over Christmas


where his family worried he was # Jingle bells, Alex sails,


Round the world he goes # His wife is simply


desperate to get him home. Yeah, I have spoken


to him, I have been in contact but actually seeing him


is just totally different. Just two weeks into the race his


boat got badly damaged, which Despite this, though,


Thomson still caught up to within 34 miles


of the winner, and also smashed the world


record for the greatest distance But what is perhaps better


than a world record His team have promised


to have on hand a hot Newsnight is about to begin on BBC


Two. Here is MLE. Tonight we're live in Washington on


the eve of a seminal moment for America. There is a nervous


excitement in this city, the streets are starting to fill up, but are


they Trump supporters who have travelled across the land, or Trump


protesters marching against this inexorable chapter of history? Join


me now on BBC Two. That's Newsnight with Emily in




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