20/01/2017 BBC News at Ten


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I Donald John Trump do solemnly swear.


The office of President of the United States.


Donald Trump takes his oath of office and is now the 45th


Hundreds of thousands of people gather to watch the ceremony


in which Mr Trump vows to create a new America.


From this day forward, a new vision will govern our land.


From this day forward it's going to be only


Among Mr Trump's supporters who gathered to watch,


it's a day that signals a real change.


Once people see, give him a year, they'll see they'll have more money


in their pockets and they'll be like, whoa, this is a good deal,


There's violence from some anti Trump protestors - 90 are arrested.


Others make their point more peacefully.


I think there's a lot of people in our country who are vulnerable


who are going to suffer under this presidency.


End of an era - President Obama boards a helicopter for the last


The walk to the White House - in the last hour President Trump


and family make their way to their new home.


In sport on BBC News Dan Evans's winning run at the Australian Open


continues. The British players into the fourth round at the Grand Slam


for the first time. Donald Trump is now the President


of the United States. He was sworn in on Capitol Hill


in a ceremony that attracted hundreds of thousands of supporters


but also angry protests - In an uncompromising


inauguration speech, he pledged to put America first,


to protect American As four former presidents


sat nearby listening, he attacked politicians


who prospered while He also pledged to end


what he called the current carnage Our North America editor Jon Sopel


reports from Washington. The ceremony and celebrations are


still going on tonight, aren't they? Yes, and if you can hear behind with


the sound of brass bands that part of the parade making their way along


Pennsylvania Avenue. Brass bands, bagpipes, flute bands, people on


horseback, some riding motorcycles and of course from different


branches of the military as well. This is a fiercely proud republic,


but it almost looks like a royal inauguration that is taking place


today. ANNOUNCER: Ladies and gentlemen, the


President-elect of the United States, Donald Trump. A scenario few


scarcely thought possible, the billionaire reality TV host about to


become commander-in-chief of the most powerful nation on earth.


# America # America #


It's a ceremony going back over 200 years that has changed little in


that time. I Donald John Trump do solemnly


swear. But I will faithfully execute. That I will faithfully


execute. The office of President of the United States. The office of


President of the United States. And will do the best of my ability. And


will to the best of my ability. Preserve, protect and defend. The


constitution of the United States. The Constitution of the United


States. So help me God. So help me God. With those 35 words the


formality was complete but after that any inaugural address that was


anything but a continuation of tradition. The 45th President had


won a mandate to be a disrupter of politics as normal.


Today not merely transferring power from one to another, or from one


party to another, but we are transferring power from Washington,


DC and giving it back to you, the people.


If the VIPs on the podium were starting to feel uncomfortable,


pleasant Trump -- President Trump was just getting started in a very


different picture that Barack Obama was leaving behind.


Too many of our citizens a different reality exists. Mothers and children


trapped in poverty in our inner cities. Rusted out factories


scattered like tombstones across the landscape of our nation. And an


education system flush with cash but which leaves our young and beautiful


students deprived of all knowledge. And the crime and the gangs and the


drugs that have stolen too many lives and robbed our country of so


much unrealised potential. This American carnage stops right hip --


here and right now. And then a message to the rest of the world,


don't look to us to bail you out, we have different priorities now. We


assembled here today are issuing a new decree to be heard in every city


in every foreign capital and in every hole of power. From this day


forward a new vision will govern our land. From this day forward it's


going to be only America first. America first. Economic nationalism


would be the order of the day. We will follow two simple rules. Buy


American and higher American. And then an appeal for unity couched in


these terms. It's time to remember that old wisdom our soldiers will


never forget that whether we are black or brown or white we all bleed


the same red blood of patriots. But surely if there is one takeout from


this inaugural, it is that President Trump fully intends to govern as he


campaigned, uncompromisingly. Together we make America stronger


again. We will make America wealthy again. We will make America proud


again. We will make America safe again. And, yes, together we will


make America great again. Thank you, God bless you, and God bless


America. Thank you. The crowds were enormous, certainly nothing like


they were 80 years ago for Barack Obama's inauguration. But for those


who had come this was a day to remember. For others a day to


forget. How painful this must have been for Hillary Clinton who polled


3 million more votes than Donald Trump though lost the Electoral


College. Later the new President would salute the person he


vanquished. Let me tell you. There is something I wanted to say because


I was very honoured, very, very honoured when I heard that President


Bill Clinton and Secretary Hillary Clinton was coming today. I think it


is appropriate to say and I'd like you to stand up. I'd like you to


stand up. APPLAUSE


After the inauguration ceremony the final act for the Obama Koo. Power


had passed, they are now private citizens. A US marine helicopter


standing by to ferry them out of the city to start a new life. Earlier


this morning one final act in the White House for the outgoing


President. A handwritten letter to his successor. And then the formal


welcome. Barack Obama and Michelle greeting the new occupants of the


house, Donald and Milani at Trump, and a gift to the outgoing first


Lady from her successor -- Milani at Trump. And pose for posterity, the


44th and 45th Presidents together. The ceremonial is over and the


gladhanding for the moment is done. Now Donald Trump is making his way


along Pennsylvania Avenue back to the White House and the awesome


responsibility of being President of the United States of America. And


now the real work begins. The parade is another central piece of the


pageant on Inauguration Day with military bands marching through the


streets. But this being Donald Trump there had to be one surprise, and it


came as he was approaching the White House. He got out of the car near


the FBI building, but more importantly right across the road


from the Trump International hotel. Donald Trump the businessman, and


Donald Trump the President seemed to be going hand in hand. The day after


his surprise election victory Barack Obama said the world would keep on


spinning, the sun would continue to rise. He's right, it has. But this


morning, Washington, America, and the rest of the world has woken to


an uncertain new dawn. Jon Sopel, BBC News, Washington.


As we've seen, tens of thousands of Trump supporters witnessed


the billionaire property tycoon's swearing in as President.


Away from the ceremony at Capitol Hill though,


there were violent clashes between police and protesters


Our international correspondent Ian Pannell has spent


the day with people, on both sides of the argument.


# Every little thing is going to be all right #.


When American presidents are sworn in, it's usually a time at least to


talk about healing divisions, but few have


had such divided states to try to reunite.


On one side is Team Trump and hundreds of thousands of


them turned out from across the land.


Once people see, give him a year, they'll see they have more


money in their pockets and be like, whoa, this is a good deal, you know?


We don't need anybody else talking, blah blah blah.


I feel it's like asking President Trump or wishing


that he fails is like being on a plane he's piloting


He's president, so you've got to hope for the best now.


An underground movement of the disillusioned and dispossessed


of the country many feel have been forgotten.


Emerging to the dawning of a very different day in America.


I think it's going to bring a new era of hope


The thing I like about Donald Trump is he's an alpha male.


As opposed to our previous president commander-in-chief.


He is an alpha male, he's a shaker and a mover.


He has no other agenda than to do the right thing, basically.


Which is pretty much the opposite of what today's protesters think.


As they swarmed past a car of Trump supporters.


IMHO rump supporter. -- I am a Trump supporter.


We are conservative, and love America.


You don't think they have a right to object and protest?


At the right time, not this, there's no class in this.


There was anger on the streets of the capital today, but


even more striking was the sense of fear about what the next four years


Hundreds of people have converged in Washington, DC to


protest the inauguration of Donald Trump.


This is a real expression of the anger felt across America by


Some of them are objecting to the policies that


Others question the very legitimacy of the 45th president.


They may have lost the election but don't expect divisions


I think there's a lot of people who are vulnerable in our


country who are going to suffer under this presidency.


Some businesses were attacked by a small group of protesters.


It seems Donald Trump will have to work


hard to be president of a United States of America.


We can go now to our correspondents James Cook


and Laura Trevelyan in Washington who are with the crowds on both


Within the past half an hour there has been some violence between


protesters and police, what happened was a limousine over in the distance


behind the police cars was set ablaze, flames were towering into


the air for some time and police moved forward to clear people back.


They were spraying spray into the air to move people back and move the


media back as well as protesters. Now they have formed a line further


down the street. There is still a number of protesters there who are


standing their ground. Police have fired some munitions at them as well


in the terms of what they call less than lethal munitions, rubber


bullets and the like. Flash bangs have been fired in the air too. This


has been sporadic through the day, there have been a few clashes around


Washington, DC, but broadly speaking most protests have been peaceful.


Laura Trevelyan, where you are, where the presidential parade is


coming to an end, a lot more peaceful. It has been a lot more


peaceful and four Donald Trump supporters this is a moment to


celebrate and they have been. They were completely thrilled when their


new President got out of the limousine and walked down


Pennsylvania Avenue behind me. But I will say, having been to previous


presidential inauguration is, the atmosphere here is more subdued, the


crowd is not as packed, the viewing stand behind me was not packed to


the rafters and I think that is a reflection of


America's capital for the women's march on Washington, a march aimed


at defending women's rights, particularly reproductive rights in


the era of President Donald Trump. Laura Trevelyan and James Cook both


in Washington, thank you. The eyes of the world


were on Washington today - as Mr Trump set out his vision


for his four years as President. His top foreign policy goal,


he said, is to eradicate radical Islamic terrorism from the face


of the earth.This evening the White House confirmed


that the new administration would also develop a new "state


of the art" missile defence system. Our Diplomatic Correspondent James


Robbins assesses the likely global The world really is watching.


Billions of people sharing the ceremonial transfer of power,


perhaps the most astonishing in history. Across every continent,


people trying to figure out what it could mean for them. Donald Trump's


toughest language was directed to the Middle East. Jihadists of


so-called Islamic State our target number one, is the new


commander-in-chief promised to... Unite the civilised world against


radical Islamic terrorism, which we will eradicate completely from the


face of the earth. And the new administration has announced it will


protect America against possible missile attack, from Iran and also


North Korea, with a state-of-the-art missile defence system. But what


about Syria? Barack Obama allow Russia to take control where and


President Trump could start working far more closely with the Kremlin.


America's allies worry about the new approach to Russia, particularly of


President Trump actively favours Vladimir Putin over Nato and the


European Union. Ukraine is a real test. Does Mr Putin feel his


intervention there will now cost him less in future? That Donald Trump


could soft-pedal on sanctions, favouring partnership, rather than


punishment. Donald Trump's deal-making will really be put to


the test over international trade. Trump the candidate demonised cheap


imports, particularly from China, as the destroyer of American jobs. The


Trump White House has now confirmed the US withdrawal from the


transpacific partnership and threatens withdrawal from the Nafta


deal with America's neighbours too, if renegotiation fails. I'm afraid


international affairs are messy and complex, and I suspect that if Trump


clings to that I win and you lose kind of mentality, that will cause


problems. So in Donald Trump's New World, does Britain stand to win, or


lose? The government hopes for an early trade deal with the new


anti-EU president, but does his isolationism threatened Britain's


wider global interests? We have a deep and -- we have a deep and


enduring relationship between the UK and the US, and because it's so deep


and so complex it will prosper and I'm quite confident of that in the


future. Donald Trump has got to go... But demonstrators today in


several British cities were in no doubt. For these protesters outside


the American Embassy it's been a bad day, partly made in Britain. The


Brexit vote divided the country and it seems to have given strength to


Donald Trump, increasing his belief he could win. So on this


inauguration day, if global anxiety could be measured, would it be off


the scale right now? The new president has it in his power to


soothe his opponents' worst fears, but can he do that without betraying


his supporters' best hopes? James Robbins, BBC News.


Our North America editor, Jon Sopel, joins me


We heard earlier in your peach -- piece that Donald Trump pledged to


put America first. Was that patriotism, author isolationism?


Thing I have learned about covering Donald Trump if he doesn't do


pigeonholes very well. There are bits of him that our isolationism,


bits of him are very patriotic indeed, what is clear from what he


says and what I think we'll kind of cause shudders in certain parts


around the world, in Nato countries for example, may be in the Baltic


states, Donald Trump saying, the day of hours subsidising your military


are gone, the day of us subsidising your industry are gone, we've looked


after your immigration and haven't taken care of our own. That all


sounds very much like, you know what, your problems are your


problems, I've got America's problems to deal with, don't expect


me to be the global player. On the other hand, his desire to defeat and


crush Islamic State shows that he's still going to be engaged in that


particular fight, as we heard there James Robbins' report. So it's a bit


of the mixed bag. If people are hoping that Donald Trump is going to


come out, be the global player, look forward to going to world meetings


of the G-7 and all sorts of other groups, I don't think that's right.


I think is much more fixated on sorting out America's problems,


infrastructure, housing, all those things he listed that was wrong, and


he has set the bar very high for himself. I'm sure many leaders


around the world would like to have heard a slightly different message


from Donald Trump. What we don't know is


whether this is a part of a negotiation. Donald Trump sounding


tough, you've got to do this and that, then it becomes a negotiation.


That's the experience of this businessman. We don't know how he's


going to translate that experience now he's in the White House has


President Trump. Jon Sopel in Washington, thank you. We'll have


more on events in Washington and the orchid -- the inauguration of


President Trump, later in the programme.


Let's take a look at some of the other day's news.


After almost two days buried under snow and rubble,


ten people have been found alive - including two young girls -


inside a hotel hit by an avalanche in central Italy.


At least 25 staff and guests are still missing.


Four people are known to have died, as James Reynolds reports.


This is what it feels like to come back to life.


Firefighters pulled Gianfilippo Parete from the depths


Rescuers keep on working and they bring out his mother, Adriana.


She is strong enough to walk on her own.


Her daughter, Ludovica, is still inside, she is


The children's father escaped the avalanche and raised the alarm.


His family and others sheltered under a collapsed ceiling for 40


In a nearby village, news of the rescue breaks.


She works at the hotel, but wasn't there when the avalanche hit.


It is overwhelming to hear finally that there are survivors.


On the same street these people embrace.


This region has suffered four earthquakes in five months.


The rescue has given new momentum to the relief effort.


Rescuers know now that they are searching in the right


place and they will carry on until everyone is found.


James Reynolds, BBC News, central Italy.


Hundreds of victims of abuse in children's homes


in Northern Ireland should receive an apology and compensation - that's


It discovered examples of abuse dating back to the 1920s in homes


run both by churches and the government,


Many had waited decades for recognition of how


childhoods had been lost, of how care was replaced by cruelty,


in institutions run by church, state and charities.


We were sexually, physically and mentally messed about


The Historical Institutional Abuse Inquiry found failing after failing


by the authorities and those who were supposed to be


Documented in the report are the crimes of Father Brendan Smyth,


a paedophile priest, who indecently assaulted dozens,


And the enquiry heard evidence of sexual and physical abuse


We therefore recommend that the Northern Ireland Executive,


and those who are responsible for each of the institutions


where we find systemic failings, should make a public apology.


There was also a proposal for compensation for those who have


The most important thing is justice, that we have been acknowledged,


that this all happened to us as children.


The recommendations in this lengthy report are to be passed


on to the Northern Ireland Executive at Stormont.


But because of the recent collapse of that power-sharing government,


there is some concern that on issues like compensation there


However, what happened inside institutions has


now been recognised, and time has not lessened


More now on our main story tonight, the swearing in of Donald J Trump


As well as his unusual style on the campaign trail, what sets him


apart from all the other 44 is his absence of political


So how different will his approach to the presidency be?


Here's our world affairs editor, John Simpson.


America's past 44 presidents have been a remarkably varied lot.


Some noble and decent, some dullards, a few crooks.


But how will history regard the 45th?


Donald John Trump clearly wants to align himself with


America's best, and yet he's different from the others.


Unlike them he's got no background either


in public service or in military service and he brings a lot of


His business practice has been questioned.


It's alleged the Russians helped him win the election.


He spoke crudely and brutally of winning and his antics


were interpreted as mocking the disabled.


You've got to see this guy - oh, I don't know what I said.


And in spite of all this he's still won.


We've still got to see him as a one-off.


He doesn't really come across particularly as a Republican.


He's been anti-both Houses, both Democrat


and Republicans, fighting both sides, really.


Should the world be worried about President Trump?


I think we should be uneasy for the time being because you can't


do anything but look at and take seriously the things he's said on


Mr Trump's supporters believe he'll be like the


40th President, Ronald Reagan, whose slogan now sounds


Reagan was often seen abroad as a dangerous and not very


Yet he ended up being regarded as one of America's best


The man who may be the next US ambassador to the EU is


confident Mr Trump will be a success.


I think in his business dealings he's run a firm of some


integrity, he's run a political campaign of some success.


The people who are dealing with him now on the


congressional level, many of whom I know,


Republicans control both the House and Senate, are finding him


Up to now Donald Trump has often made policy


on Twitter at two o'clock in the morning.


How will he cope with complicated things like dealing with China?


Maybe Mr Trump himself gave us a hint last night.


Thank you everybody. Thank you.


So, let's get the last word from our North America editor, Jon Sopel,


The inaugural parade is taking place. It's just in front of the


White House, the family are watching the parade as it passes, President


Trump saluting the troops. And later this evening, they will, the Trump


family, will be going to a number of special balls, inaugural balls,


before the end this extraordinary day with their first night at the


White House. Let's get a last word now from our North America editor,


Jon Sopel, who is in Washington tonight. Mr Trump will be spending


his first night in the White House, when all this is over today. What


can we expect from him in the coming days? Action, lots of action, and


you saw him there taking the salute as the parade came past will stop


we've just heard that the Senate has approved the appointment of the new


Defence Secretary, James Mattis, that's the first cabinet position


that has got the Senate approval, a vital post given all the uncertainty


in the world. And you can't really have a functioning president without


his Defence Secretary by his side. That has just happened. You will see


executive orders on all sorts of things. We heard a bit of it in


James Robbins' report. If you think of the slogans, we are going to rip


up the trade deals, so he's formally announcing that America is going to


pull out of the transpacific partnership, that it is seeking to


renegotiate the North American free-trade area, the agreement with


Canada and Mexico. You can remember the kind of build the wall slogan,


well, there's going to be action probably taken on immigration quite


quickly to expel illegal immigrants from the country, and there will be


other measures as well. Another slogan we heard a lot of during the


campaign was, draining the swamp. It may be that we are about to hear


there will be a freeze on new federal employees, and also perhaps


term limits for congressmen and women, so they can't just carry on.


Change is coming to Washington. Donald Trump will want to see that


it's happening quickly. We shall be watching, Jon Sopel in Washington,


thank you very much. Newsnight's underway on BBC Two,


with Emily Maitlis in Washington. From us though, it's goodnight,


and we'll leave you with some of the defining images from this


historic day. # Whose broad striped


and bright stars The office of President


of the United States. The office of President of


the United States. From this day forward it's


going to be only America # O'er the land of the free


And the home of the brave #.


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