20/01/2017 BBC News at Ten


20/01/2017

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I Donald John Trump do solemnly swear.

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The office of President of the United States.

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Donald Trump takes his oath of office and is now the 45th

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Hundreds of thousands of people gather to watch the ceremony

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in which Mr Trump vows to create a new America.

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From this day forward, a new vision will govern our land.

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From this day forward it's going to be only

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Among Mr Trump's supporters who gathered to watch,

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it's a day that signals a real change.

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Once people see, give him a year, they'll see they'll have more money

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in their pockets and they'll be like, whoa, this is a good deal,

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There's violence from some anti Trump protestors - 90 are arrested.

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Others make their point more peacefully.

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I think there's a lot of people in our country who are vulnerable

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who are going to suffer under this presidency.

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End of an era - President Obama boards a helicopter for the last

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The walk to the White House - in the last hour President Trump

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and family make their way to their new home.

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In sport on BBC News Dan Evans's winning run at the Australian Open

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continues. The British players into the fourth round at the Grand Slam

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for the first time. Donald Trump is now the President

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of the United States. He was sworn in on Capitol Hill

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in a ceremony that attracted hundreds of thousands of supporters

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but also angry protests - In an uncompromising

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inauguration speech, he pledged to put America first,

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to protect American As four former presidents

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sat nearby listening, he attacked politicians

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who prospered while He also pledged to end

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what he called the current carnage Our North America editor Jon Sopel

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reports from Washington. The ceremony and celebrations are

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still going on tonight, aren't they? Yes, and if you can hear behind with

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the sound of brass bands that part of the parade making their way along

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Pennsylvania Avenue. Brass bands, bagpipes, flute bands, people on

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horseback, some riding motorcycles and of course from different

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branches of the military as well. This is a fiercely proud republic,

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but it almost looks like a royal inauguration that is taking place

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today. ANNOUNCER: Ladies and gentlemen, the

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President-elect of the United States, Donald Trump. A scenario few

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scarcely thought possible, the billionaire reality TV host about to

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become commander-in-chief of the most powerful nation on earth.

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# America # America #

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It's a ceremony going back over 200 years that has changed little in

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that time. I Donald John Trump do solemnly

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swear. But I will faithfully execute. That I will faithfully

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execute. The office of President of the United States. The office of

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President of the United States. And will do the best of my ability. And

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will to the best of my ability. Preserve, protect and defend. The

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constitution of the United States. The Constitution of the United

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States. So help me God. So help me God. With those 35 words the

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formality was complete but after that any inaugural address that was

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anything but a continuation of tradition. The 45th President had

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won a mandate to be a disrupter of politics as normal.

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Today not merely transferring power from one to another, or from one

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party to another, but we are transferring power from Washington,

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DC and giving it back to you, the people.

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If the VIPs on the podium were starting to feel uncomfortable,

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pleasant Trump -- President Trump was just getting started in a very

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different picture that Barack Obama was leaving behind.

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Too many of our citizens a different reality exists. Mothers and children

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trapped in poverty in our inner cities. Rusted out factories

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scattered like tombstones across the landscape of our nation. And an

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education system flush with cash but which leaves our young and beautiful

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students deprived of all knowledge. And the crime and the gangs and the

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drugs that have stolen too many lives and robbed our country of so

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much unrealised potential. This American carnage stops right hip --

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here and right now. And then a message to the rest of the world,

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don't look to us to bail you out, we have different priorities now. We

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assembled here today are issuing a new decree to be heard in every city

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in every foreign capital and in every hole of power. From this day

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forward a new vision will govern our land. From this day forward it's

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going to be only America first. America first. Economic nationalism

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would be the order of the day. We will follow two simple rules. Buy

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American and higher American. And then an appeal for unity couched in

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these terms. It's time to remember that old wisdom our soldiers will

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never forget that whether we are black or brown or white we all bleed

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the same red blood of patriots. But surely if there is one takeout from

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this inaugural, it is that President Trump fully intends to govern as he

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campaigned, uncompromisingly. Together we make America stronger

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again. We will make America wealthy again. We will make America proud

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again. We will make America safe again. And, yes, together we will

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make America great again. Thank you, God bless you, and God bless

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America. Thank you. The crowds were enormous, certainly nothing like

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they were 80 years ago for Barack Obama's inauguration. But for those

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who had come this was a day to remember. For others a day to

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forget. How painful this must have been for Hillary Clinton who polled

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3 million more votes than Donald Trump though lost the Electoral

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College. Later the new President would salute the person he

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vanquished. Let me tell you. There is something I wanted to say because

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I was very honoured, very, very honoured when I heard that President

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Bill Clinton and Secretary Hillary Clinton was coming today. I think it

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is appropriate to say and I'd like you to stand up. I'd like you to

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stand up. APPLAUSE

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After the inauguration ceremony the final act for the Obama Koo. Power

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had passed, they are now private citizens. A US marine helicopter

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standing by to ferry them out of the city to start a new life. Earlier

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this morning one final act in the White House for the outgoing

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President. A handwritten letter to his successor. And then the formal

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welcome. Barack Obama and Michelle greeting the new occupants of the

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house, Donald and Milani at Trump, and a gift to the outgoing first

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Lady from her successor -- Milani at Trump. And pose for posterity, the

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44th and 45th Presidents together. The ceremonial is over and the

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gladhanding for the moment is done. Now Donald Trump is making his way

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along Pennsylvania Avenue back to the White House and the awesome

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responsibility of being President of the United States of America. And

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now the real work begins. The parade is another central piece of the

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pageant on Inauguration Day with military bands marching through the

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streets. But this being Donald Trump there had to be one surprise, and it

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came as he was approaching the White House. He got out of the car near

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the FBI building, but more importantly right across the road

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from the Trump International hotel. Donald Trump the businessman, and

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Donald Trump the President seemed to be going hand in hand. The day after

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his surprise election victory Barack Obama said the world would keep on

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spinning, the sun would continue to rise. He's right, it has. But this

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morning, Washington, America, and the rest of the world has woken to

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an uncertain new dawn. Jon Sopel, BBC News, Washington.

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As we've seen, tens of thousands of Trump supporters witnessed

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the billionaire property tycoon's swearing in as President.

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Away from the ceremony at Capitol Hill though,

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there were violent clashes between police and protesters

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Our international correspondent Ian Pannell has spent

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the day with people, on both sides of the argument.

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# Every little thing is going to be all right #.

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When American presidents are sworn in, it's usually a time at least to

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talk about healing divisions, but few have

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had such divided states to try to reunite.

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On one side is Team Trump and hundreds of thousands of

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them turned out from across the land.

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Once people see, give him a year, they'll see they have more

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money in their pockets and be like, whoa, this is a good deal, you know?

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We don't need anybody else talking, blah blah blah.

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I feel it's like asking President Trump or wishing

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that he fails is like being on a plane he's piloting

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He's president, so you've got to hope for the best now.

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An underground movement of the disillusioned and dispossessed

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of the country many feel have been forgotten.

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Emerging to the dawning of a very different day in America.

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I think it's going to bring a new era of hope

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The thing I like about Donald Trump is he's an alpha male.

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As opposed to our previous president commander-in-chief.

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He is an alpha male, he's a shaker and a mover.

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He has no other agenda than to do the right thing, basically.

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Which is pretty much the opposite of what today's protesters think.

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As they swarmed past a car of Trump supporters.

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IMHO rump supporter. -- I am a Trump supporter.

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We are conservative, and love America.

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You don't think they have a right to object and protest?

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At the right time, not this, there's no class in this.

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There was anger on the streets of the capital today, but

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even more striking was the sense of fear about what the next four years

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Hundreds of people have converged in Washington, DC to

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protest the inauguration of Donald Trump.

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This is a real expression of the anger felt across America by

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Some of them are objecting to the policies that

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Others question the very legitimacy of the 45th president.

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They may have lost the election but don't expect divisions

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I think there's a lot of people who are vulnerable in our

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country who are going to suffer under this presidency.

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Some businesses were attacked by a small group of protesters.

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It seems Donald Trump will have to work

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hard to be president of a United States of America.

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We can go now to our correspondents James Cook

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and Laura Trevelyan in Washington who are with the crowds on both

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Within the past half an hour there has been some violence between

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protesters and police, what happened was a limousine over in the distance

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behind the police cars was set ablaze, flames were towering into

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the air for some time and police moved forward to clear people back.

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They were spraying spray into the air to move people back and move the

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media back as well as protesters. Now they have formed a line further

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down the street. There is still a number of protesters there who are

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standing their ground. Police have fired some munitions at them as well

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in the terms of what they call less than lethal munitions, rubber

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bullets and the like. Flash bangs have been fired in the air too. This

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has been sporadic through the day, there have been a few clashes around

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Washington, DC, but broadly speaking most protests have been peaceful.

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Laura Trevelyan, where you are, where the presidential parade is

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coming to an end, a lot more peaceful. It has been a lot more

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peaceful and four Donald Trump supporters this is a moment to

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celebrate and they have been. They were completely thrilled when their

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new President got out of the limousine and walked down

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Pennsylvania Avenue behind me. But I will say, having been to previous

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presidential inauguration is, the atmosphere here is more subdued, the

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crowd is not as packed, the viewing stand behind me was not packed to

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the rafters and I think that is a reflection of

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America's capital for the women's march on Washington, a march aimed

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at defending women's rights, particularly reproductive rights in

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the era of President Donald Trump. Laura Trevelyan and James Cook both

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in Washington, thank you. The eyes of the world

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were on Washington today - as Mr Trump set out his vision

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for his four years as President. His top foreign policy goal,

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he said, is to eradicate radical Islamic terrorism from the face

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of the earth.This evening the White House confirmed

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that the new administration would also develop a new "state

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of the art" missile defence system. Our Diplomatic Correspondent James

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Robbins assesses the likely global The world really is watching.

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Billions of people sharing the ceremonial transfer of power,

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perhaps the most astonishing in history. Across every continent,

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people trying to figure out what it could mean for them. Donald Trump's

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toughest language was directed to the Middle East. Jihadists of

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so-called Islamic State our target number one, is the new

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commander-in-chief promised to... Unite the civilised world against

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radical Islamic terrorism, which we will eradicate completely from the

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face of the earth. And the new administration has announced it will

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protect America against possible missile attack, from Iran and also

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North Korea, with a state-of-the-art missile defence system. But what

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about Syria? Barack Obama allow Russia to take control where and

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President Trump could start working far more closely with the Kremlin.

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America's allies worry about the new approach to Russia, particularly of

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President Trump actively favours Vladimir Putin over Nato and the

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European Union. Ukraine is a real test. Does Mr Putin feel his

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intervention there will now cost him less in future? That Donald Trump

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could soft-pedal on sanctions, favouring partnership, rather than

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punishment. Donald Trump's deal-making will really be put to

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the test over international trade. Trump the candidate demonised cheap

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imports, particularly from China, as the destroyer of American jobs. The

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Trump White House has now confirmed the US withdrawal from the

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transpacific partnership and threatens withdrawal from the Nafta

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deal with America's neighbours too, if renegotiation fails. I'm afraid

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international affairs are messy and complex, and I suspect that if Trump

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clings to that I win and you lose kind of mentality, that will cause

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problems. So in Donald Trump's New World, does Britain stand to win, or

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lose? The government hopes for an early trade deal with the new

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anti-EU president, but does his isolationism threatened Britain's

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wider global interests? We have a deep and -- we have a deep and

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enduring relationship between the UK and the US, and because it's so deep

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and so complex it will prosper and I'm quite confident of that in the

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future. Donald Trump has got to go... But demonstrators today in

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several British cities were in no doubt. For these protesters outside

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the American Embassy it's been a bad day, partly made in Britain. The

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Brexit vote divided the country and it seems to have given strength to

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Donald Trump, increasing his belief he could win. So on this

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inauguration day, if global anxiety could be measured, would it be off

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the scale right now? The new president has it in his power to

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soothe his opponents' worst fears, but can he do that without betraying

:19:39.:19:43.

his supporters' best hopes? James Robbins, BBC News.

:19:44.:19:47.

Our North America editor, Jon Sopel, joins me

:19:48.:19:48.

We heard earlier in your peach -- piece that Donald Trump pledged to

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put America first. Was that patriotism, author isolationism?

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Thing I have learned about covering Donald Trump if he doesn't do

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pigeonholes very well. There are bits of him that our isolationism,

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bits of him are very patriotic indeed, what is clear from what he

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says and what I think we'll kind of cause shudders in certain parts

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around the world, in Nato countries for example, may be in the Baltic

:20:20.:20:24.

states, Donald Trump saying, the day of hours subsidising your military

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are gone, the day of us subsidising your industry are gone, we've looked

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after your immigration and haven't taken care of our own. That all

:20:33.:20:36.

sounds very much like, you know what, your problems are your

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problems, I've got America's problems to deal with, don't expect

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me to be the global player. On the other hand, his desire to defeat and

:20:45.:20:48.

crush Islamic State shows that he's still going to be engaged in that

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particular fight, as we heard there James Robbins' report. So it's a bit

:20:54.:20:59.

of the mixed bag. If people are hoping that Donald Trump is going to

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come out, be the global player, look forward to going to world meetings

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of the G-7 and all sorts of other groups, I don't think that's right.

:21:07.:21:10.

I think is much more fixated on sorting out America's problems,

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infrastructure, housing, all those things he listed that was wrong, and

:21:15.:21:18.

he has set the bar very high for himself. I'm sure many leaders

:21:19.:21:23.

around the world would like to have heard a slightly different message

:21:24.:21:25.

from Donald Trump. What we don't know is

:21:26.:21:40.

whether this is a part of a negotiation. Donald Trump sounding

:21:41.:21:42.

tough, you've got to do this and that, then it becomes a negotiation.

:21:43.:21:44.

That's the experience of this businessman. We don't know how he's

:21:45.:21:46.

going to translate that experience now he's in the White House has

:21:47.:21:49.

President Trump. Jon Sopel in Washington, thank you. We'll have

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more on events in Washington and the orchid -- the inauguration of

:21:52.:21:53.

President Trump, later in the programme.

:21:54.:21:57.

Let's take a look at some of the other day's news.

:21:58.:21:59.

After almost two days buried under snow and rubble,

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ten people have been found alive - including two young girls -

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inside a hotel hit by an avalanche in central Italy.

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At least 25 staff and guests are still missing.

:22:08.:22:09.

Four people are known to have died, as James Reynolds reports.

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This is what it feels like to come back to life.

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Firefighters pulled Gianfilippo Parete from the depths

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Rescuers keep on working and they bring out his mother, Adriana.

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She is strong enough to walk on her own.

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Her daughter, Ludovica, is still inside, she is

:22:31.:22:34.

The children's father escaped the avalanche and raised the alarm.

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His family and others sheltered under a collapsed ceiling for 40

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In a nearby village, news of the rescue breaks.

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She works at the hotel, but wasn't there when the avalanche hit.

:22:54.:23:02.

It is overwhelming to hear finally that there are survivors.

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On the same street these people embrace.

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This region has suffered four earthquakes in five months.

:23:15.:23:22.

The rescue has given new momentum to the relief effort.

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Rescuers know now that they are searching in the right

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place and they will carry on until everyone is found.

:23:30.:23:33.

James Reynolds, BBC News, central Italy.

:23:34.:23:38.

Hundreds of victims of abuse in children's homes

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in Northern Ireland should receive an apology and compensation - that's

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It discovered examples of abuse dating back to the 1920s in homes

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run both by churches and the government,

:23:49.:23:50.

Many had waited decades for recognition of how

:23:51.:23:57.

childhoods had been lost, of how care was replaced by cruelty,

:23:58.:24:03.

in institutions run by church, state and charities.

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We were sexually, physically and mentally messed about

:24:08.:24:10.

The Historical Institutional Abuse Inquiry found failing after failing

:24:11.:24:20.

by the authorities and those who were supposed to be

:24:21.:24:22.

Documented in the report are the crimes of Father Brendan Smyth,

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a paedophile priest, who indecently assaulted dozens,

:24:30.:24:33.

And the enquiry heard evidence of sexual and physical abuse

:24:34.:24:38.

We therefore recommend that the Northern Ireland Executive,

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and those who are responsible for each of the institutions

:24:48.:24:51.

where we find systemic failings, should make a public apology.

:24:52.:24:56.

There was also a proposal for compensation for those who have

:24:57.:24:59.

The most important thing is justice, that we have been acknowledged,

:25:00.:25:05.

that this all happened to us as children.

:25:06.:25:09.

The recommendations in this lengthy report are to be passed

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on to the Northern Ireland Executive at Stormont.

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But because of the recent collapse of that power-sharing government,

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there is some concern that on issues like compensation there

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However, what happened inside institutions has

:25:23.:25:29.

now been recognised, and time has not lessened

:25:30.:25:32.

More now on our main story tonight, the swearing in of Donald J Trump

:25:33.:25:43.

As well as his unusual style on the campaign trail, what sets him

:25:44.:25:48.

apart from all the other 44 is his absence of political

:25:49.:25:51.

So how different will his approach to the presidency be?

:25:52.:25:56.

Here's our world affairs editor, John Simpson.

:25:57.:26:01.

America's past 44 presidents have been a remarkably varied lot.

:26:02.:26:08.

Some noble and decent, some dullards, a few crooks.

:26:09.:26:10.

But how will history regard the 45th?

:26:11.:26:15.

Donald John Trump clearly wants to align himself with

:26:16.:26:20.

America's best, and yet he's different from the others.

:26:21.:26:23.

Unlike them he's got no background either

:26:24.:26:25.

in public service or in military service and he brings a lot of

:26:26.:26:28.

His business practice has been questioned.

:26:29.:26:34.

It's alleged the Russians helped him win the election.

:26:35.:26:37.

He spoke crudely and brutally of winning and his antics

:26:38.:26:40.

were interpreted as mocking the disabled.

:26:41.:26:44.

You've got to see this guy - oh, I don't know what I said.

:26:45.:26:49.

And in spite of all this he's still won.

:26:50.:26:51.

We've still got to see him as a one-off.

:26:52.:26:53.

He doesn't really come across particularly as a Republican.

:26:54.:26:56.

He's been anti-both Houses, both Democrat

:26:57.:27:09.

and Republicans, fighting both sides, really.

:27:10.:27:10.

Should the world be worried about President Trump?

:27:11.:27:12.

I think we should be uneasy for the time being because you can't

:27:13.:27:15.

do anything but look at and take seriously the things he's said on

:27:16.:27:19.

Mr Trump's supporters believe he'll be like the

:27:20.:27:21.

40th President, Ronald Reagan, whose slogan now sounds

:27:22.:27:23.

Reagan was often seen abroad as a dangerous and not very

:27:24.:27:34.

Yet he ended up being regarded as one of America's best

:27:35.:27:38.

The man who may be the next US ambassador to the EU is

:27:39.:27:44.

confident Mr Trump will be a success.

:27:45.:27:47.

I think in his business dealings he's run a firm of some

:27:48.:27:50.

integrity, he's run a political campaign of some success.

:27:51.:27:54.

The people who are dealing with him now on the

:27:55.:27:57.

congressional level, many of whom I know,

:27:58.:27:59.

Republicans control both the House and Senate, are finding him

:28:00.:28:03.

Up to now Donald Trump has often made policy

:28:04.:28:11.

on Twitter at two o'clock in the morning.

:28:12.:28:14.

How will he cope with complicated things like dealing with China?

:28:15.:28:18.

Maybe Mr Trump himself gave us a hint last night.

:28:19.:28:24.

Thank you everybody. Thank you.

:28:25.:28:29.

So, let's get the last word from our North America editor, Jon Sopel,

:28:30.:28:45.

The inaugural parade is taking place. It's just in front of the

:28:46.:28:53.

White House, the family are watching the parade as it passes, President

:28:54.:28:56.

Trump saluting the troops. And later this evening, they will, the Trump

:28:57.:29:03.

family, will be going to a number of special balls, inaugural balls,

:29:04.:29:06.

before the end this extraordinary day with their first night at the

:29:07.:29:12.

White House. Let's get a last word now from our North America editor,

:29:13.:29:17.

Jon Sopel, who is in Washington tonight. Mr Trump will be spending

:29:18.:29:20.

his first night in the White House, when all this is over today. What

:29:21.:29:25.

can we expect from him in the coming days? Action, lots of action, and

:29:26.:29:30.

you saw him there taking the salute as the parade came past will stop

:29:31.:29:36.

we've just heard that the Senate has approved the appointment of the new

:29:37.:29:39.

Defence Secretary, James Mattis, that's the first cabinet position

:29:40.:29:43.

that has got the Senate approval, a vital post given all the uncertainty

:29:44.:29:47.

in the world. And you can't really have a functioning president without

:29:48.:29:51.

his Defence Secretary by his side. That has just happened. You will see

:29:52.:29:54.

executive orders on all sorts of things. We heard a bit of it in

:29:55.:29:59.

James Robbins' report. If you think of the slogans, we are going to rip

:30:00.:30:06.

up the trade deals, so he's formally announcing that America is going to

:30:07.:30:09.

pull out of the transpacific partnership, that it is seeking to

:30:10.:30:10.

renegotiate the North American free-trade area, the agreement with

:30:11.:30:15.

Canada and Mexico. You can remember the kind of build the wall slogan,

:30:16.:30:19.

well, there's going to be action probably taken on immigration quite

:30:20.:30:22.

quickly to expel illegal immigrants from the country, and there will be

:30:23.:30:26.

other measures as well. Another slogan we heard a lot of during the

:30:27.:30:31.

campaign was, draining the swamp. It may be that we are about to hear

:30:32.:30:35.

there will be a freeze on new federal employees, and also perhaps

:30:36.:30:39.

term limits for congressmen and women, so they can't just carry on.

:30:40.:30:44.

Change is coming to Washington. Donald Trump will want to see that

:30:45.:30:49.

it's happening quickly. We shall be watching, Jon Sopel in Washington,

:30:50.:30:50.

thank you very much. Newsnight's underway on BBC Two,

:30:51.:30:54.

with Emily Maitlis in Washington. From us though, it's goodnight,

:30:55.:30:56.

and we'll leave you with some of the defining images from this

:30:57.:30:59.

historic day. # Whose broad striped

:31:00.:31:01.

and bright stars The office of President

:31:02.:31:26.

of the United States. The office of President of

:31:27.:31:51.

the United States. From this day forward it's

:31:52.:31:55.

going to be only America # O'er the land of the free

:31:56.:32:22.

And the home of the brave #.

:32:23.:32:32.

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