09/07/2017 BBC Weekend News

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After a nine month battle, the Iraqi government says it has


liberated the city held by IS extremists for three years.


Mosul is back under the control of Iraqi troops but the price paid


Thousands have been killed or injured,


displaced from their homes by the fighting.


We'll be analysing what the future holds for Mosul and for IS.


the parents of terminally ill Charlie Gard take


a petition signed by their supporters


There's just a lot of people who think


new figures reveal the havoc they're causing in our prisons.


the foundry that's created scores of outstanding sculptures.




COMMENTATOR: There goes another one! STUDIO: And Moeen Ali takes six


wickets as England beat South Africa The Iraqi government said today


that the city of Mosul has been liberated from so-called


Islamic State, three years after it was first


occupied by the extremists. The second largest city in Iraq


was where IS declared Since then, its grip on territory


has been gradually reduced it's been targeted in


Mosul by the Iraqi army backed by US and


coalition air strikes. And has lost ground,


street-by-street. Tonight, the Defence Secretary Sir


Michael Fallon congratulated the Iraqis and highlighted the role


played by the RAF. But as our Defence Correspondent


Jonathan Beale has seen in Mosul, victory has come at a cost,


with an estimated 800,000 VOICEOVER: What was once a beautiful


old city is now mostly rubble. Every building deeply scarred


or destroyed by months of war. We joined the search and rescue


teams looking for survivors. But more often, they are


just recovering bodies. With the heat, there is also


the strong smell of decay. that his brother and his


family are still alive. Their house was hit in an air strike


just a few weeks ago. It was being used by


Islamic State fighters. Ali says that he spoke


to his brother on this phone while he was trapped somewhere


under the rubble. All they find here


is decaying corpses. It's a similar story


everywhere they go. the Iraqi Prime Minister


was en route to Mosul, to declare the liberation


of the city. and surrounded by troops who spent


the last nine months trying to wrestle the city from IS


control, in the toughest of battles. Even this morning there


was the sound of gunfire, the children so used to it,


they don't even flinch. Families are making their way


through any way they can to safety. This territory up there is still


under Islamic State control, a small parcel of land.


As you can see, they are pretty desperate.


It's hard to celebrate freedom from IS when you have just been


These family say they have little food or water.


They have left behind loved ones under rubble.


Many will carry the scars of this battle for the rest of their lives.


These children have been prisoners of IS for much of their short lives.


Iraq's Prime Minister has declared their city liberated.


But for these families, it has come at a huge price.


STUDIO: Well, our Middle East Editor Jeremy Bowen is here.


What does this moment mean for Mosul and for Iraq? Well, it is cause to


celebrate, Islamic State's grip has been prised off Iraq and across the


board in Syria as well. But this does not mean peace, it does not


mean the end of their ideology, either, these jihadists groups are


very good at regenerating themselves. The problem is, Iraq and


Syria and other countries in the region have been incubators for that


kind of ideology and some of the forces, poor governance, poverty,


Shia-Sunni hatred, sectarian hatred, inter-Muslim hatred, all of that has


fed in, and those factors are still there. As for Iraq itself, all kinds


of risks of renewed civil war. The problem is, the country has been


coming apart at the seams, the Kurdish, in the North, are having an


independence referendum in September. If Iraq continues to


fracture like that, then it will be accompanied by a great deal of


violence. The parents of Charlie Gard,


the 11-month old who has a terminal genetic disorder,


handed a petition to Great Ormond Street hospital today


asking for him to be allowed to travel to the United States


for experimental drug treatment. The High Court will consider


the case again tomorrow You are urged ordinarily. VOICEOVER:


His parents say that they will accept help and support from


wherever it comes. We continue to pray for their precious, beautiful


son. Who has captured the imagination of the world.


11-month-old Charlie is severely disabled and brain damage, his


future has been the subject of a long legal battle, doctors at Great


Ormond Street Hospital said that no treatment will improve the quality


of his life and they should be allowed to switch off life-support


systems, a view supported by a High Court ruling. Today, is parents


delivered a petition signed by 350,000 people to the hospital,


after they say new medical information suggests there are some


might be able to benefit from experimental treatment overseas.


There is just a lot of people who think what has happened here is


wrong. You know, parents know their children best. People making


decisions about him have spent very little time with him. We are there


24 hours a day. If he was suffering and in pain, we could not sit there.


Legally handing in the petition does not change anything but the


supporters and the parents are emboldened by new medical


information coming from Italy and the United States. Great Ormond


Street Hospital is not issued a statement today, doctors stand by


the original ruling. The crux of the matter is, you should have a say


over the future of Charlie, says the American pastor now supporting the


family. He denies turning this into a religious argument. Should the


courts and government officials be involved in what should be a parent


's decision? They are the ones interfering, they are the ones


usurping rights. Great Ormond Street says its doctors have explored every


possible treatment, the hospital has requested another High Court hearing


tomorrow, with those of what it describes as the new claims from


overseas. STUDIO: The new Justice Secretary


says he's determined to tackle failings in the prison


service than 200 kilograms of drugs


and 13,000 mobile phones were found in jails in England


and Wales last year. David Liddington said


the number of prison officers was being increased following cuts


under the coalition government. Here's our Home Affairs


correspondent Dominic Casciani. VOICEOVER: London's Pentonville


Prison late last year. Orders from inmates for drugs


and mobile phones being delivered by gangs on the outside,


packages thrown or catapulted over prisoners using makeshift


hooks to recover them. New figures from the Ministry


of Justice show the industrial scale Two hundred and twenty


five kilograms of drugs seized, 7000 extra SIMM cards,


large-scale prisons smuggling has I'll tell you what, in some prisons,


it is easier to get drugs and phones than it was for me to get funded


to do education. People are stuck in a cell,


23 hours a day, they want escape. Look, people in society go


to the pub for escape, you've got drug addicts in society,


to suggest it will not happen Prison inspectors say that drugs


fuel violence inside and phones help arrange crimes back


in the community. Ministers have pledged


an extra 2,500 officers by the end of next year


but there will still be fewer staff And these are the figures


on violence and staffing that At the same time, front line prison


officers have fallen, to just over 18,000,


that is down almost 6500. What I'm determined to do is to try


to bring about improvements, build on what my predecessor,


Liz Truss, did in putting in place


effective measures to detect more accurately


the problem we have with drugs, the new challenge we have with


drones and mobile phones in prison, But drones remain


the biggest challenge. Walls around the prison won't stop


airborne contraband, so police are turning


to intelligence to stop the drones. Experts say there are plenty of them


out there because there STUDIO: The Prime Minister


will try to regain the political initiative this week with a speech


in which she will say her "commitment to change


Britain is undimmed." It's expected Theresa May


will reiterate her desire to deliver on what she promised


when she took office a year ago. Our Political Correspondent Chris


Mason is in Downing Street. We can expect the nobody behind the


black door will describe this as a relaunch but there is a sense that


after the commotion and turbulence of the last couple of months, the


voluntarily called general election in which she slipped backwards, is


that she would like to project getting on with the job and fighting


back. There is a real awareness that after the turbulence, the headlines


that continue to emerge, gossip among Conservative MPs, which one


cabinet minister today had to dismiss as a result of Conservatives


having too much per second in the warm sunshine(!), Theresa May needs


to prove that she can lead. But the simple reality of that shrivelled


majority is that governing will be difficult. -- -- too much prosecco


in the warm More than 100,000


people have taken part in an anti-government


demonstration in Turkey's biggest Crowds waved red and white Turkish


flags as the opposition leader called for the restoration


of justice. Our correspondent Mark Lowen


reports from Istanbul. VOICEOVER: It is hard


to speak out in Turkey now. An unparalleled act of defiance


against president Erdogan, hundreds of thousands streaming


into Istanbul, under the word "justice", some of them walking


the 280 miles from Ankara. If you are agreeing


with the government on state But if you are thinking differently,


asking for some benefits, some rights, then you are treated


as a terrorist. he does not like us,


he does not like modern people. Protest began when an opposition MP


was jailed but grew fast. Tens of thousands marching


in the heat, headed by the sprightly They are fighting repression,


50,000 people arrested since last year's failed coup,


140,000 sacked or suspended. He arrived to cheers of "rights,


law, justice", and vowed to end TRANSLATION: We will rise


up against injustice, I want peace and fraternity, I call


on all of us to live together. Let's not fight anymore,


let our differences be our richness. who slammed the march


for supporting terrorism. on the half of Turkey that


loves him, like this shop owner. TRANSLATION: The opposition


leader only wants to look He is leading the nation to chaos,


he should represent me, The more secular, liberal side


of Turkey has found its voice


with this movement. Anti-Erdogan feeling and demand


for the rule of law uniting The question now is whether they can


sustain this momentum and challenge the government at the next


election, in 2019. The justice march has drawn


support here, and abroad, Channelling this energy


into a credible political movement STUDIO: Family doctors


are being urged to seek out who might be suffering serious


mental ill-health as the Manchester attacks


and the Grenfell Tower fire. Experts say symptoms often


emerge several weeks -- STUDIO: Family doctors


are being urged to seek out patients who might be suffering serious


mental ill-health as the Manchester attacks


and the Grenfell Tower fire. NHS England says support


services are available. Our Health Editor


Hugh Pym has more. VOICEOVER: The physical injuries may


be healing, but today, there is a warning that the mental


scars will take a lot longer. Shaheen, who lives


near Grenfell Tower, working with the NHS to reach local


people most in need of support. From his own experience,


he knows what others so those first few days,


I could not sleep, at all, I could not stop thinking


about the tower, Grenfell Tower, I could not stop thinking


about is only people in need. Also because I live in a tower,


I think, that could have been me. Local GPs near Grenfell Tower


say that four weeks on, people are still coming


in with acute stress. Evidence suggests the most serious


problems can emerge sometime It's starting to have an effect


on them now, in terms of anxiety symptoms,


not being able to sleep at night, and I have had patients


in who wake up at night time, It is very distressing


for these patients. Another doctor makes this urgent


appeal to the authorities. Give these people suitable,


adequate, permanent housing, because it is going to be really


difficult to expect them to get well and engage in therapy and start


to try and heal when something as fundamental as permanent housing


is still up in the air. NHS England has promised to give GPs


the backing they need, though there is no offer


of new funding. Will more money and resources be


needed to meet extra demand? We believe yes, more


people will come forward for trauma counselling,


we want them to. And we are very certain


we can meet the need. It is not just the public; for NHS


staff involved in major emergencies, Really, people have been


in shock up until now, there has not been time to find out


if people really do have any mental health issues


because we are still being, And remember what happened,


because, you know, your The NHS has had to set up support


systems for its staff caught up in the aftermath of


trauma and tragedy. STUDIO: Contemporary


sculptures by artists like Damian Hirst and Sarah Lucas


may be world famous, but the people who actually make


them are less well known. Now, a new exhibition in Chester's


ancient cathedral brings together 90 art works,


many created by a single foundry. Our Arts Editor Will Gompertz has


been finding out more. VOICEOVER: The Medieval magnificence


of Chester Cathedral. Where, for the rest of the summer,


Gothic splendour will rub shoulders The artists on show are well-known:


Damien Hirst, Lynn Chadwick, But they did not make the works,


they were fabricated here, deep in rural Gloucestershire


at what is quite possibly the largest art-specific


foundry in the world. This is a sand mould,


that is another way It was set up by Rungwe Kingdon


and his wife in the mid-1980s, and now employs nearly 200 craftsmen


and women, producing sculptures sometimes with nothing more to go


on than a sketched drawing The old-fashioned way


of an artist making an object, bringing it to a foundry,


and there's a service you get it, you make


a mould and you cast it into bronze, that's actually probably a smaller


part of what we do now. It's much more about artists trying


to make an image with a foundry. Do you ever get to a situation


where you think, "For goodness' sake,


I should be signing this work?" You need artists, you


need their language, you need their image,


you need their ideas, they are the people who literally


create our culture, and we are the people who help them


make that material reality. The cathedral is the most


amazing connection to To be able to put the craftsmanship


and the art of this age, to be compared and react to the art


and craft of the medieval age, The analogy is that


Pangolin is the orchestra, Without the orchestra,


the music simply stays on the page. Chester Cathedral was built


by craftsmen nearly 1000 years ago. Pangolin say their sculptures


are made to last just as long. These are the artefacts of our age


for future generations to ponder. England's cricketers have won


the first Test against South Africa by 211 runs in an emphatic


display at Lords. They were in control throughout,


despite a batting collapse VOICEOVER: for England,


it was a day which ended so perfectly and yet began


so poorly for England. A batting collapse straight


from the bad old days, Liam Dawson's the most spectacular,


no-one saw that coming. Once again a key man slipped


through South Africa's fingers, Jonny Bairstow with


an early reprieve. He went on to frustrate them


with a half century. South Africa's target 331,


and Bairstow was back to haunt them. This time brilliance behind


the stumps, and from there There was no doubting


the star of the show. Moeen Ali, his six wickets sent


South Africa spinning. Indeed it was all over in barely the


blink of an eye, the 19th wicket of an astonishing day. For Joe Root, in


his first game in charge, one to remember. And so a dramatic and


emphatic victory for England, there are new era and a new captain is off


-- Their new era under a new captain is off to the best possible start.


STUDIO: England's women beat defending champions Australia


in their World Cup match by three runs, in a thrilling


The Aussies needed a six off their last ball,


It means England have now won four matches in a row


Wayne Rooney has returned to Everton from Manchester United,


Top scorer for both club and country, Rooney had become


increasingly sidelined in recent seasons.


The 31-year-old returns to Goodison Park for free


VOICEOVER: He is one of England's greats and Manchester United's


But with his playing time limited at Old Trafford,


Wayne Rooney has gone back to the club he has


I'm ecstatic. I have kept it quiet but I have been wearing Everton


pyjamas all this time! There was talk of Wayne Rooney


perhaps moving to China or maybe even America,


but in the end he has opted to come back to where it all began


for him as a young boy, and the fans will be walking


through these gates at the start of the new season knowing he is back


in the blue of Everton. as an eight-year-old playing


for a junior team in Liverpool says he remembers a boy who simply


loved to score goals. Strength of him, you know,


he was only a little lad, you know, and,


but that was young Wayne. He has been a long


time gone from here. Too long, really.


Welcome home. With some critics believing


Rooney to be a shadow Everton fans will hope this move can


inspire a return to his very best. For Rooney, there may be a sense


of unfinished business at a club he has always held close


to his heart. That's almost it from us,


but before we go, here's a look ahead to a special series coming up


this week on the BBC News at Ten. Our China Editor Carrie Gracie


will be looking at what's being called its project


of the century, investing nearly a trillion pounds,


to create a new Silk Road. This is China's ancient silk Road,


laden camels once set out for the markets of the West, now, China


wants to create a much bigger 21st-century version but can it do


it? Join me on a 7000 mile journey to find out, here on BBC News.


That's coming up throughout the week.