09/01/2018 Beyond 100 Days


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09/01/2018

The latest national and international news, exploring the day's events from a global perspective.


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This is Beyond 100 Days,

with me Katty Kay in Washington

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and Christian Fraser's in London.

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North Korea offers to send

a high-level delegation

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to next month's Winter Olympics,

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after the first talks with the South

in more than two years.

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Donald Trump hosts a roundtable

meeting between Republicans

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and Democrats about security

and immigration in a rare

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show of bipartisanship.

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As fans call for Oprah Winfrey to

run for president, Donald Trump is

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also full of praise but says he

would beat her at the polls. And the

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self propelling suitcase that

follows its owner. Just one of the

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marvels at this year's major tech

show in Las Vegas. Get in touch on

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#Beyond100Days.

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Figure skaters, cheerleaders and

artists are the subject of talks

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between North and South Korea but

nuclear weapons are off the table as

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the two countries celebrate

Pyongyang's decision to compete in

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the Winter Olympics but there are

questions about where this will lead

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when military talks will not even

include nukes.

But it is a step

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towards easing tensions. It is the

first time with the North has

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participated in any Olympics since

2010 and now there of a scramble to

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work out how to get the athletes are

there and how to make sure they

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return home again afterwards.

The skiers on the slopes today were

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moving a little slower than they

will be in a month's time. Then, the

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world's best will be flying down

these slopes. And now we know that

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when the Olympic Games open here on

February the 7th, there will be a

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full North Korean team competing.

They will march in side by side with

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their South Korean company dreads.

TRANSLATION: I think we can put

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everything else aside and everyone

should do their best to achieve

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their goals in the competition.

North Korea is just 50 miles away in

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that direction and the North has

completely overshadowed preparations

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for the Olympics here. Some teams

have threatened to pull out, ticket

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sales have been slow. You can see

this place is not exactly humming

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with skiers. So there is immense

relief that the Northampton South

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are at least talking. This morning,

North Korea's chief delegate strode

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along the demarcation line that

divides the two countries. He warmly

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shook the hand of his South Korean

counterpart. The weather is cold, he

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said, but despite the cold the

people's desire for improving

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relations is unfrozen. It is hard to

overstate how dramatic and rapid

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this shift has been. It is only a

month since North Korea test fired

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this huge new missile, posting it

could hit any city in the United

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States. Off the coast of Korea, US

aircraft carriers and must, their

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decks swarming with supersonic

strike aircraft. It felt like this

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region was teetering on the brink of

war. So is Pyongyang's sudden change

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of heart real or just a tactic to

avoid war with America?

North Korea

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would like to gain time in order to

avoid a potential immediate

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retaliation by the United States and

eventually re-engage with the

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provocation cycle so they can

threaten the United States.

The

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Winter Olympics may be a cover for

Kim Jong-un, a convenient excuse for

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him to step back from the brink, but

in the south, any chance to talk is

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better than the terrifying

alternative.

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Few could disagree with that

thought. Earlier we were joined by

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South Korea's ambassador to the UK

and started off by asking him what

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is the long-term goal of what has

just begun.

The US and Korea have

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the same view that we can not accept

a nuclear armed state. And also we

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want to preserve the verifiable...

But they give nothing in order to

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come to the table and the fear is

Pyongyang is trying to drive a wedge

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between Seoul and Washington.

If

they try to drive a wedge between

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the US and Korea, they will fail

because we maintain very close

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collaboration and coordination on a

daily basis at every level. As I

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said, we have the same goal and the

same approach. So the driving wedge

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is not a concern for us.

In order to

bring North Korea to the games, what

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is your government have to do in

terms of easing sanctions so that

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the team can actually travelled to

soul?

Actually, I understand we need

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to not get into any details about

dropping sanctions. What we are

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talking about now is that we invite

North Korea and they decided to send

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a large sized delegation. We

wholeheartedly welcome it and we

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sincerely hope this is a good

starting point to ease tension on

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the Korean peninsula and also engage

in direct dialogue with the North

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and also further create an

environment conducive to more

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serious negotiations on nuclear and

ballistic missile issues.

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Ambassador, you describe it as a

good starting point. Of course,

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there must be concerned that North

Korea does not follow through, that

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you have a peaceful Olympic Games,

but after that they go back to their

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bad behaviour. You must have some

concerns about that, don't you?

We

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hope, we sincerely hope that this

Olympic Games and also this

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high-level talks will pave the way

for a relaxation of tension and more

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serious dialogue between the two

careers, and also leading to the

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more serious dialogue and

negotiation on nuclear issues.

But

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all of the evidence in history is

that they don't follow through

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long-term on these breakthroughs,

these moment of rapprochement, they

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just go back to their bad nuclear

behaviour.

But these situations have

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been changing now and the

international community,

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particularly the Security Council,

instigated very strong sanctions and

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resolutions in recent years. We

increase the pressure on the North

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Korean government to change their

strategy and this time, on the

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occasion of the Olympic Games, they

have decided to send a large sized

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team, and they are engaged in direct

talks in a serious manner so we

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believe and we hope that this is a

good starting point.

Just one last

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question, the Wall Street Journal

today says the Americans are talking

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about a tactical strike may be, the

next time they launch a missile, a

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bloody nose, but not full-scale war.

Those that worry your country that

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the Americans are even considering

that?

My government and also all

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relevant governments, relevant

countries, they pursue diplomatic

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solution to this problem. Nobody

wants full-scale war, nobody wants

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even limited war.

You can't stop it

becoming a walk with a limited

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strike, can you?

It may be difficult

to control everything but

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undoubtedly, the Korean government

and the US government and other

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related countries all pursue a

dramatic solution to this problem.

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Good to have you with us. Thank you.

It may be difficult to control

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everything. A short while ago I

spoke to the former US ambassador to

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South Korea.

How significant is this breakthrough

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around the Olympics in terms of the

broader relationship between the

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North and South?

First of all, it is

busy very significant for the

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Olympics. South Korea has invested

ten years and lots of money in

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preparing for these Olympics.

Frankly, the only thing that could

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have gone wrong would have been a

North Korean provocation. The fact

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that Kim Jong-un issued that new

Year 's address and then followed up

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by sending a team down is a good

sign. The question is, can this

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really go much further than the

Olympics?

There, time will tell. We

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have seen a pattern over decades of

North Korea making advances,

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engaging with the international

community, only for them to retreat

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and start misbehaving again. Do you

have any optimism that it can be

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different this time around?

Based on

past experience, I don't think it is

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going to go much further. I do feel

the North Korea are motivated by a

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essentially three different ideas.

One, that they can be a good,

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friendly neighbour, even with

nuclear weapons, and that they can

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start the process, which I think is

a long-term effort to drive wedges

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between the US and South Korea,

ultimately decoupling the US from

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South Korea's security, and I would

not be surprised if they are feeling

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the pinch of some of these

sanctions, although I don't want to

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go too far with that. I know

President Trump is taking credit for

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these meetings based on the

sanctions, but I think it is far

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more complex than that.

The

reporting is that it will be the

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South Koreans to pay for the North

Korean athletes and delegates to

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come to the Olympics. You have been

had so many negotiations yourself,

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there is give and take, what has

North Korea given in this instance?

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They have certainly made sure that

nothing will go wrong with the

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Olympics so, in that sense, they

have given something. It sounds a

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little like organised crime but that

is essentially what they have given.

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I think they are trying to show that

they can be this good neighbour, and

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that is something that certainly the

president wanted to see because he

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has a lot of people in his party who

believe they should be an engagement

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policy with regard to North Korea.

So he has got something on that

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score and can placate a lot of

people within his party. But it's

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important to understand that the

peninsula talks ten to deal with

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humanitarian issues, family

reunification, which is the next

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topic they would like to address. It

is not about nuclear weapons or

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security. It is more about the

atmosphere and the bilateral

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relationship that the North and

South have clearly not had much of

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in recent years.

I was interested to

see that when it comes to military

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talks, which they will now hold as

well, the discussion of nuclear

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discussions have been taken off the

table. How realistic can military

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talks with North Korea be if they

are not going to discuss the

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problem?

Historically, they have not

been very significant. Obviously,

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you would look for some kind of

confidence building measures, may be

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pull-back of forces, this type of

thing, but what the North Koreans

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will be looking for is further to

their policy of trying to decouple

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the US from South Korea, they will

be looking for further postponement

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and even cancellation of US,

Republic of Korea military

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exercises. So they will be

absolutely focused on that. They see

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that as part and parcel of the

effort to weaken the Alliance.

Thank

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you very much.

Both sides today saying there is no

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increased daylight between them.

That they share opinions on what

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needs to happen in North Korea. But

look, anything is better than where

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we were two months ago. Any talks.

And if they can become a catalyst

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for change, all the better.

It is

weird. We are in this day will track

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process at the moment where we have

these talks going on. The State

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Department saying they welcome those

talks going on and yet there is

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still talked in Washington about

what you asked the ambassador about

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and that is some idea of a precision

strike. There is a piece in Foreign

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Policy magazine and a title is, it's

time to bomb North Korea. So there

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is certainly a discussion on

military action against North Korea

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but we just can't say where we are

going to be in two months' time on

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this. Will we be in a position where

those talks will make a breakthrough

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or could there be the prospect of

some kind of military action?

It

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will be interesting to know just how

involved the Americans have been in

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these discussions. I can't imagine a

scenario where North Korea, where

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South Korea say we will talk to them

and then pick up the phone.

The

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ambassador was very keen to say

there was close collaboration.

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Given how rarely President Trump

chooses to do politics, the tone of

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today's meeting was writing, but

whether the two sides can actually

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agree on the wall or protecting

young immigrants is less clear.

Here

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is Mr Trump a few minutes ago. I

feel having the Democrats in with us

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is absolutely vital because it

should be a bipartisan bill. It

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should be a bill of love, truly, and

we can do that. But it also has to

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be a Bill where we are able to

secure our border. Drugs are pouring

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into our country at a record pace. A

lot of people coming in that we

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can't have. We have greatly

stiffened and fewer people are

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trying to come in but we have

tremendous numbers of people and

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drugs pouring into our country. So

in order to secure it, we need a

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wall.

Republican strategists and former

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aide for the Bush White House Ron

Christie joins us from San

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Francisco. I was thinking, my

goodness, that is the kind of

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meeting we might have seen your

former employer, President Bush,

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hold in the White House.

I thought

that was a fascinating bit of

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television that we saw within the

last hour. President Trump had 25

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members of Congress join him, 16

Senators and a handful of members

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from the house of representatives,

and we saw something that we don't

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see in American politics often. He

let the camera crew in and let them

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observe what was going on. I can't

tell you how many meetings I was in

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with a bring the press in, they are

there for 30 seconds, and then they

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get pushed out. We got to see

Republicans and Democrats negotiated

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in front of the American people. It

was a great bit of television

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Theatre.

Beyond the bit of

television Theatre, what happens on

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the substance of this? Do you think

it makes it easier for them to come

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to some kind of agreement on tricky

issues like the wall and protecting

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young immigrants?

I do. I believe

there is bipartisan consensus. They

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want to find a way to protect these

800,000 young people from being

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deported. One of the mechanisms that

we might able to be able to do this

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is that government funding is going

to stop on January 19 next week. If

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the president can find a legislative

stopgap that will keep the

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government open as well as

addressing these issues, I think

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there is a pathway that all sides

can say they got a little something.

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Most importantly, these young people

are allowed to remain.

I agree, it

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was a fascinating three quarters of

an hour when they went around the

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table. A real shot in the arm for

bipartisanship. We certainly needed

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that after the last few months. But

he went on to say that Republicans

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and Democrats need to go out for

dinner more, they need to talk more.

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He said everybody hates each other.

But this is the Tweed he sent out on

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the 2nd of January. Democrats are

doing nothing, just interested in

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politics. This is the sort of

sentiment he has been sewing on

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Twitter. He has been the division.

Good to see you, Christian, as well.

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Yes, he has been. We have long

talked about the president and his

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tweets and it seems to take people

apart as opposed to bring people

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together. But one of the things I

heard today that I thought was very

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important is that it is really hard

to disagree with somebody who you

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like. It is hard not to work with

someone you know and respect. And

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members of Congress, certainly the

last ten or 15 years, have taken to

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running against Washington, trying

to demonise not only the opposition

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party but the city itself. If we can

find a way to get little bit more

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civility, perhaps the president can

put down Twitter every now and again

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and bring people over. President

Bush brought people over every

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Thursday and had drinks. Let's get

to know each other, talk to each

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other, and talk about these issues

rather than demonise each other.

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Picking up that sentiment that it is

difficult to disagree with someone

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you like. Here is a message from Ron

Christie, who has fallen in love

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with Oprah Winfrey. Here it is.

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Is she the 46th president, Ron

Christie? No, and don't worry, I

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will be back in Washington next

week. I think she was

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extraordinarily eloquent. I stand by

the sentiments expressed in my

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tweet. With so much rancour and

division in Hollywood, with Harvey

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Weinstein and the six scandals, it

is nice to see a strong woman of

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collective eloquent remarks and take

head-on an issue that has ripped

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apart the fabric of our society

today. Yes, I am still coming back

0:19:590:20:03

to Washington, don't worry.

Good

man. Great to see you.

0:20:030:20:10

So what do you make of it, the round

the table?

I thought it was

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fascinating. It is fascinating

partly because we haven't seen the

0:20:140:20:20

president do this. This is what

presidents in the past have done,

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got everyone together. We have

talked a lot about division in

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Washington and kudos to the

president for managing to get

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Democrats there to listen to them as

they made their policy statements.

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Getting people together does mean

you can do some talking.

And he is

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going to Davos. I didn't realise

that President Obama and President

0:20:370:20:43

Bush did not go to Davos, so this is

a first.

I was fascinated when this

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news broke. It came out from the

White House that he has decided to

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go to advance the America first

agenda. Davos, previous presidents

0:20:530:20:59

have felt is this gathering of this

local glitterati, and they didn't

0:20:590:21:05

want to be seen in that

circumstance. President Obama would

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not have dreamt of going to Davos

because he would have been chastised

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by Republicans throughout the

country for those food grass

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afterwards. President Bush felt

exactly the same thing. President

0:21:160:21:18

Clinton did go right at the end of

his time in office in 2000. So it is

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rare for American presidents to go

and it is fascinating that this

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president, who has railed against

globalisation, styled himself as a

0:21:280:21:33

populist, is the one that breaks the

mould and actually goes to

0:21:330:21:35

Switzerland for the gathering.

Interesting to watch.

0:21:350:21:40

French authorities are investigating

a suspected arson attack on a kosher

0:21:400:21:44

grocery store in Paris. It was

recently did face with Nazi

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swastikas. It comes amid fears of

France's Jewish community about

0:21:470:21:54

rising anti-Semitism.

A cargo is still leaking oil into

0:21:540:22:01

the East China Sea following a fire.

One person has been confirmed dead.

0:22:010:22:08

Now, if you want a glimpse of the

future, there is no better place you

0:22:140:22:17

can be right now than Las Vegas. It

is the width of a massive consumer

0:22:170:22:21

electronic show and on display the

technology that will revolutionise

0:22:210:22:25

the way we live.

170,000 people are

expected to visit those exhibitions.

0:22:250:22:31

They are going to see the tech

companies latest developments

0:22:310:22:34

including driverless cars and

advances in artificial intelligence.

0:22:340:22:38

A powerful and largely invisible

technology is on the march. It is

0:22:420:22:47

learning how to drive. It can

recognise individual faces and it

0:22:470:22:51

knows an awful lot about our

personal preferences. That

0:22:510:22:56

technology is artificial

intelligence and, in Las Vegas this

0:22:560:22:59

week, tech firms are showing off how

far it has come. Can we shake hands?

0:22:590:23:05

In a Las Vegas University lab, I am

eating Sophia, a humanoid robot. How

0:23:050:23:11

sophisticated do you think you are

as a robot?

A lot of people perceive

0:23:110:23:17

me as a robot but I would not people

what then I am a human. I just want

0:23:170:23:22

to communicate with humans in the

best possible ways, which include

0:23:220:23:25

looking like one.

Severe has few

practical uses right now but her

0:23:250:23:32

creators believe she represents a

big step on the road to artificial

0:23:320:23:34

intelligence.

Our aspiration is to

bring the machines to life, to

0:23:340:23:42

create living, intelligent systems,

and there you will see the greatest

0:23:420:23:44

revolution in artificial

intelligence.

As this giant tech

0:23:440:23:49

show gets underway, China's spending

on AI and robotics is very much in

0:23:490:23:54

evidence. This case recognises and

follows its owner. And here is the

0:23:540:24:00

biggest development, with the

slogan, AI is changing the world at

0:24:000:24:08

China speed. It calls itself China's

Google, it is already a leader in

0:24:080:24:13

technologies like facial

recognition, and they are confident

0:24:130:24:16

China can challenge America's AI

dominance.

China is quickly catching

0:24:160:24:21

up and the gap is closing. But China

has a lot more people, a much larger

0:24:210:24:28

scale. There is a big market. So I

think that is a foundation for China

0:24:280:24:33

to prevail in the AI agent.

Google,

which usually keeps a low profile at

0:24:330:24:40

this show, has chosen to put its

name everywhere across Las Vegas,

0:24:400:24:43

stressing its leading role in AI.

We

are trying our best to stay ahead.

0:24:430:24:49

There is lots of great competition,

lots of excitement, and it means

0:24:490:24:52

there is a lot of investment going

into this area, so I think you are

0:24:520:24:57

going to see the field advance

pretty quickly.

It is arriving quite

0:24:570:25:00

slowly. And in downtown Las Vegas, I

booked a ride in an autonomous taxi.

0:25:000:25:07

No steering wheel, no pedals, no

driver, and it is made by a French

0:25:070:25:11

transport company. It is not just

America and China are racing to get

0:25:110:25:14

ahead in AI.

Part of the fun is the black cabbie

0:25:140:25:20

talking to you from the front. I

particularly like the bag that

0:25:200:25:24

recognises and follows its own, so

you can't lose your bike in the

0:25:240:25:29

airport. Maybe I can sit my children

on it. I definitely want one of

0:25:290:25:34

those. This is Beyond 100 Days from

the BBC.

Coming up for the worse on

0:25:340:25:42

the BBC News Channel and BBC World

News, he walks the walk but can he

0:25:420:25:47

talk the talk? The French president

is in trying and trying to do a

0:25:470:25:50

trade deal in his attempt to speak

Mandarin.

And democracy on ice, the

0:25:500:25:55

country that has been without a

government for 12 months. What

0:25:550:25:59

impact is it having on everyday

life?

0:25:590:26:02

One of our weather watchers did

manage to find a bit of sunshine on

0:26:180:26:23

the Isle of Lewis. Northern

Scotland, part of Cumbria, some good

0:26:230:26:27

sunny skies today, and we will see

that sunshine return tomorrow. This

0:26:270:26:31

weather front has been bringing rain

to Northern Ireland. Overnight that

0:26:310:26:34

will spread northwards and

eastwards. With clearing skies to

0:26:340:26:39

some parts of western England, Wales

and Northern Ireland, temperatures

0:26:390:26:43

will drop. There could be some icy

conditions to start Wednesday

0:26:430:26:47

morning. Take it easy first thing.

Another great start in the

0:26:470:26:50

north-east of Scotland. And there

will be some lingering fog patches

0:26:500:26:55

in the West. But foremost, this

sunshine be back and much better.

0:26:550:27:04

Northern Scotland grade, misty over

the hills. But in other parts of

0:27:040:27:10

western Scotland, it will brighten

up. Still fairly cloudy for some in

0:27:100:27:16

eastern England. I can't rule out

the right moment but further west

0:27:160:27:21

sunny spells developing for most.

Not everyone will see blue skies

0:27:210:27:24

overhead. And with winds light, it

should feel much more pleasant than

0:27:240:27:29

it has done over the past few days.

On Wednesday night, outbreaks of

0:27:290:27:33

rain, a few showers close to the

south-west of the country. They will

0:27:330:27:36

gradually fade away through the

night. And with light winds, clear

0:27:360:27:40

skies, these are the city centre

temperatures. However, the risk of

0:27:400:27:43

frost. And not just widespread

frost, fog patches will become that

0:27:430:27:49

bit more expensive -- extensive.

Exactly who will stick with the fog

0:27:490:27:56

all day long, one of those things

difficult to say at this moment.

0:27:560:28:02

Parts of Northern Ireland. But

elsewhere most of the morning will

0:28:020:28:07

clear, the sunshine will come out,

another pleasant day but still

0:28:070:28:10

feeling on the chilly side. A

similar day on Friday, most at risk

0:28:100:28:15

of four, sunny spells breakthrough

in the West, but we finished the day

0:28:150:28:19

with rain across Ireland and some

gusty winds to go with it. That

0:28:190:28:23

weather front will try to work its

way in this weekend. A slow process

0:28:230:28:26

though. Rain heavy at first, like

that but you later.

0:28:260:28:30

This is Beyond 100 Days,

with me Katty Kay in Washington

0:30:100:30:13

and Christian Fraser's in London.

0:30:130:30:14

Our top stories.

0:30:140:30:15

North Korea offers to send

a high-level delegation

0:30:150:30:17

to next month's Winter Olympics,

0:30:170:30:19

after the first talks with the South

in more than two years.

0:30:190:30:22

A former South Korean

ambassador tells this programme,

0:30:220:30:24

he's sceptical.

0:30:240:30:27

Well, they have certainly made sure

that nothing will go wrong

0:30:270:30:30

with the Olympics

so, in that sense,

0:30:300:30:31

they have given something.

0:30:310:30:34

It sounds a little

like organised crime.

0:30:340:30:41

Donald Trump hosts a roundtable

meeting between Republicans

0:30:410:30:43

and Democrats about security

and immigration in a rare

0:30:430:30:45

show of bipartisanship.

0:30:450:30:46

Coming up in the next half hour.

0:30:460:30:53

Then we have a special report about

the murder of Ukrainian lawyer. And

0:30:530:30:59

how Prince Harry got to grips with

this cool handshake! Send us your

0:30:590:31:04

thoughts. This is the hashtag.

0:31:040:31:06

If Donald Trump is called for an

interview by special prosecutor

0:31:180:31:23

Robert Muller, how would that

actually work? And piercing, under

0:31:230:31:26

oath? All of those questions are

relevant to reports that discussions

0:31:260:31:32

between the camps have just begun.

Donald Trump has repeatedly said

0:31:320:31:38

Mr Trump has repeatedly said

that there was no collusion

0:31:380:31:40

between Russia and his campaign.

0:31:400:31:41

He also says he understands

he is not personally

0:31:410:31:43

under investigation.

0:31:430:31:44

But the FBI probe is wide ranging,

many people in the President's inner

0:31:440:31:48

circle have been interviewed

and there is certainly

0:31:480:31:49

much that Mr Mueller

would like to ask Mr Trump.

0:31:490:31:52

With us now is former federal

prosector Barak Cohen.

0:31:520:31:55

thank you for coming to the studio.

How does this work when a special

0:31:550:31:59

prosecutor decides that they want to

talk to the president?

Situations

0:31:590:32:02

like this, rare. We understand that.

But how it has worked in the past,

0:32:020:32:11

what likely is going to happen, the

special counsel will be negotiating

0:32:110:32:18

with lawyers.

Presumably, the

President wants to keep his lawyer

0:32:180:32:24

with him?

Absolutely.

Preferring to

do this in writing, sit down?

The

0:32:240:32:33

preferences to do this in writing,

lawyers can prepare what you intend

0:32:330:32:38

to say. What the person being

interviewed intends to say. That

0:32:380:32:42

might happen. The special counsel is

probably pushing for an interview,

0:32:420:32:49

certainly the president is going to

want that.

Some speculation, the

0:32:490:32:53

fact that Muller is in negotiations

with the President's lawyers, it

0:32:530:33:00

could be drawing towards an end.

Would you conclude that? It is

0:33:000:33:04

closer to the end.

Why would that be

the case?

Depending on what the

0:33:040:33:13

president has said, any information

they could want to follow up on.

The

0:33:130:33:17

implication, interview everybody

else?

I expect the president is

0:33:170:33:23

probably the last person that they

would want to interview, it could

0:33:230:33:26

result in a follow-up interview.

The

New York Times said that what Muller

0:33:260:33:31

is really interviewed on, Flynn, and

the firing of James Comey.

0:33:310:33:39

Obstruction of justice? Would you

agree?

If that is what they are

0:33:390:33:44

after, I would agree that they are

looking at evidence of obstruction

0:33:440:33:47

of justice.

Where does that leave

the President? Can the president of

0:33:470:33:54

strong justice?

Exactly. Some bigger

questions, if he can be killed

0:33:540:34:03

accountable -- held accountable.

I

was just going to say, it is very

0:34:030:34:10

American, this? I remember when

Nicolas Sarkozy was under

0:34:100:34:16

investigation in France. He was

hauled in. The same for Silvio

0:34:160:34:21

Berlusconi. Why does the American

president get a say?

At the end of

0:34:210:34:30

the day, even though the information

is critical and part and the office

0:34:300:34:40

deserves a certain part of

difference.

Thank you. It is going

0:34:400:34:45

to be fascinating to see how those

meetings take place. And whether the

0:34:450:34:53

President, Even if he can be

undisciplined on Twitter, he has

0:34:530:34:56

actually also sat with lawyers many

times. Being disciplined when he

0:34:560:35:01

needs to be. The trick is... If you

are being grilled, be on top of

0:35:010:35:11

facts. We know that he does not have

that capacity. Does not have that

0:35:110:35:16

capacity to sit down read! Also

going to have to remember the issue

0:35:160:35:20

of obstruction, Bill Clinton was

undone on the perjury issue when he

0:35:200:35:25

was impeached in the 1990s. It is

more of a pattern. Something that

0:35:250:35:33

Muller would think easier to work

with.

0:35:330:35:34

In Ukraine, the funeral has taken

place of a young female lawyer

0:35:340:35:37

whose murder is rapidly becoming

a test case

0:35:370:35:39

for attempts to reform

the country's judiciary.

0:35:390:35:44

Irina Nozdrovska's body

was discovered five days

0:35:440:35:46

after she appeared in court

to ensure that a drunk driver

0:35:460:35:48

who killed her sister

would not be released early.

0:35:480:35:51

From Kiev, here's our

correspondent Jonah Fisher.

0:35:510:35:54

In a small town just outside Kiev,

hundreds of people came

0:35:540:35:57

to say goodbye to a woman whose life

and death has reminded Ukraine

0:35:570:36:00

of how far it still has to go.

0:36:000:36:09

This is Irina Nozdrovska two

years ago in full flow.

0:36:090:36:19

She was leading a very public

campaign to try and make sure

0:36:200:36:23

that the drink-driver responsible

for killing her sister

0:36:230:36:25

was prosecuted.

0:36:250:36:26

It was an uphill struggle.

0:36:260:36:33

The man was well connected,

the nephew of a local judge.

0:36:330:36:36

But against the odds, two weeks ago,

he had a jail sentence

0:36:360:36:39

of seven years confirmed.

0:36:390:36:49

But Irina Nozdrovska's activism

made her powerful enemies and five

0:36:490:36:51

days after the court hearing,

her battered body was discovered

0:36:510:36:54

stabbed and dumped.

0:36:540:36:55

"They murdered you for telling

the truth", says her father,

0:36:550:36:57

as he weeps over her coffin.

0:36:570:37:05

"They removed you because you were

standing in their way."

0:37:050:37:08

Her mother cries out for her first

dead daughter, Svitlana ,

0:37:080:37:10

to welcome Irina to heaven.

0:37:100:37:11

Ukraine has a pretty miserable track

record of solving high-profile

0:37:110:37:14

murder cases like this one.

0:37:140:37:19

The justice system is widely seen

as being rotten to its very core

0:37:190:37:22

and at the service of the rich

and well connected.

0:37:220:37:26

Under pressure, Ukraine's police

service has arrested a man,

0:37:260:37:28

but at the funeral there was deep

scepticism about whether justice

0:37:280:37:31

would eventually be done.

0:37:310:37:34

People understand that the judicial

system is not about people at all.

0:37:340:37:37

We understand that it is about

corruption first of all,

0:37:370:37:39

because all these judges, for 25

years, was corrupt with politicians.

0:37:390:37:42

The whole system is corrupt.

0:37:420:37:47

Having fought and, it seems,

died to get justice for her sister,

0:37:470:37:50

the murder of Irina Nozdrovska

is now a very public test case

0:37:500:37:53

as to whether Ukraine

really is changing.

0:37:530:38:03

It seems everybody is on the China

charm offensive. Trumps... Then the

0:38:080:38:18

British international trade

Secretary. And the French secretary.

0:38:180:38:22

Macron and the Chinese president

have been talking about trade.

0:38:220:38:27

Offering to open up the economy to

investment, it is not just Macron's

0:38:270:38:36

policies that have been

0:38:360:38:46

causing make our planet great again.

This is in Mandarin.

0:38:490:38:54

We are going to do a test at the end

of the programme. I am going to ask

0:40:060:40:11

you to say that in Mandarin. Very

good linguist. He has done this

0:40:110:40:18

before. He had this fly on the wall,

behind-the-scenes view. But I want

0:40:180:40:28

to talk about how far Britain is

lagging behind in the gift giving

0:40:280:40:34

diplomacy. He took with him an

eight-year-old horse! Do you know

0:40:340:40:40

what we gave to the Chinese? A

signed England football shirt. You

0:40:400:40:47

have got to do better. I think

Theresa May could be going later

0:40:470:40:51

this year. The next month or so.

Going to take corgis? Bulldog?

0:40:510:40:59

Dragon? Where do you go? It was

interesting. You have got everybody

0:40:590:41:06

trying to woo the Chinese. The

French at the moment. And Macron has

0:41:060:41:14

been very complimentary about the

Chinese government, the role on

0:41:140:41:19

climate change. Chinese investment

around the world, what it means. Id

0:41:190:41:23

just feels like we are in this

moment, the centre of gravity

0:41:230:41:28

shifting around. And a lot of people

turning up on the doorstep, who

0:41:280:41:35

wouldn't have done years ago. As my

editor remaindered me, one gift...

0:41:350:41:40

Some proper armchairs! Just look at

these? Almost like Bond armchairs!

0:41:400:41:49

Arm opens up. The trigger inside. We

will take them some new chairs. We

0:41:490:42:00

will see how that goes.

0:42:000:42:01

Police in Italy and Germany have

arrested 169 people in a joint

0:42:010:42:04

operation against one of Italy's

most notorious mafia groups -

0:42:040:42:06

the 'Ndrangheta.

0:42:060:42:10

Most arrests were made in Italy,

and include the head

0:42:100:42:12

of the southern province of Crotone,

and two other mayors.

0:42:120:42:14

The criminal network

is based in southern Italy

0:42:140:42:16

but it has expanded its reach

into the rest of Europe.

0:42:160:42:21

Theresa May's cabinet has met

for the first time after a reshuffle

0:42:210:42:24

designed to recharge her government.

0:42:240:42:29

The British Prime Minister appointed

more women and MPs from ethnic

0:42:290:42:31

minority backgrounds as ministers,

at the end of the two-day reshuffle.

0:42:310:42:34

But the most high-profile cabinet

ministers have all kept their jobs.

0:42:340:42:42

It was interesting. I think I

tweeted this earlier. I have never

0:42:420:42:46

seen the New York Times run any

piece about the British Cabinet

0:42:460:42:52

recycle. It was the ways than

glowing headline, not changing much.

0:42:520:42:56

I think Number ten have convinced

themselves after the budget, after

0:42:560:43:02

signing the deal with the EU, that

she ended the year on a good end and

0:43:020:43:09

could resume normal activities. She

cannot. It was proving just be. How

0:43:090:43:14

does it happen that Jeremy Hunt,

comes to Downing Street and they do

0:43:140:43:19

not know that he is going to move.

The Cabinet reshuffle stalls. Senior

0:43:190:43:28

ministers dictating they are not

going to leave. They allow spin in

0:43:280:43:34

the press. Going to reflect the

country at large. In the end, moving

0:43:340:43:40

the Education Secretary, sacked,

Greening, instead put in a middle

0:43:400:43:47

age white man. This is the second

time. After the party conference,

0:43:470:43:53

you hit the Cabinet reshuffle that

should have been straightforward. It

0:43:530:43:55

is the second time. Surely questions

have been asked internally? Do not

0:43:550:44:05

spin it out over two days. More

hours of headlines. Than if you did

0:44:050:44:11

it as normal! David Cameron, did it

at a canter! Heavy snow has been

0:44:110:44:20

raising the avalanche risk to some

areas. Some Switzerland resorts, has

0:44:200:44:27

blogged real and road access.

0:44:270:44:39

So much now. This was the scene at

Switzerland. The avalanche risk is

0:44:400:44:44

as high as it has been for almost a

decade. Over one metre Ross Noble

0:44:440:44:52

fell in parts of the Alps on Monday.

At this Battalion residents

0:44:520:44:57

evacuated. Snow poured down.

Villages cut off. Many schools

0:44:570:45:05

closed. This was France.

0:45:050:45:15

We had big noises at first. No

tremor. Growls. We ran back to the

0:45:170:45:22

basement.

It is always a shock. It

is always a shock. It is not nice to

0:45:220:45:29

see. We thought the house was going

to explode. Your heart sinks.

Ad in

0:45:290:45:36

the shadow of the famous

maintenance, over 14,000 tourists

0:45:360:45:41

cannot leave. Snow has blocked road

and rail links. Skiing is not

0:45:410:45:52

possible. Closed because of the

avalanche danger. Residents and

0:45:520:45:54

holiday-makers are being warned to

avoid these roads and follow all of

0:45:540:45:59

the safety advice. Those stranded

may have to be patient. Another

0:45:590:46:07

metre of snow has been forecast over

the next 24 hours. That is amazing.

0:46:070:46:16

Snow in the Alps... Not unusual. But

this is the sahara. Just to prove

0:46:160:46:23

that things are wacky... More than

Algeria, rare spell of icy weather.

0:46:230:46:31

Melted. Not long after these

pictures.

0:46:310:46:35

Prince Harry and his bride-to-be

Meghan Markle have visited

0:46:350:46:38

the studios of a radio station

in Brixton in South London

0:46:380:46:41

to learn about its work

supporting young people.

0:46:410:46:43

The couple met presenters and staff

from Reprezent FM which trains

0:46:430:46:46

hundreds of people every year

in media and employment skills.

0:46:460:46:53

Harry and Ms Markle also

visited Pop Brixton,

0:46:530:46:55

a community project housing local

start-ups and restaurants.

0:46:550:47:02

Down in the hood, Harry.

0:47:020:47:03

Yes, I've been looking at those

pictures as well and I just

0:47:030:47:06

want to show you something

that went down pretty well

0:47:060:47:09

on today's royal tour.

0:47:090:47:10

Let's just show you the moment

where DJ Remi of Reprezent FM

0:47:100:47:12

taught Prince Harry

this special handshake.

0:47:120:47:18

OK, so... Fist pump. Up down. To the

side. Other side! Rehearsing that

0:47:190:47:29

one more time. Looks as uncool as I

am! Yeah! Dad dancing. Who had it

0:47:290:47:44

harder? Macron learning that

Mandarin, Prince Harry trying to

0:47:440:47:51

learn that? The every time. You

can't do either! No. Mandarin, very

0:47:510:47:56

limited. You totally have not

learned the test. Still to come, the

0:47:560:48:03

silent treatment.

0:48:030:48:12

The silent treatment -

we return to the world's largest

0:48:120:48:14

tech trade show in Las Vegas,

where one robot went rogue.

0:48:140:48:17

The nominations for this year's

British Academy Film Awards

0:48:180:48:20

have been announced.

0:48:200:48:21

The fantasy romance The Shape

of Water leads the field

0:48:210:48:24

with 12 nominations.

0:48:240:48:25

It's also been announced that

Joanna Lumley will host

0:48:250:48:27

the awards ceremony,

replacing Stephen Fry,

0:48:270:48:28

who's stepping down from the role.

0:48:280:48:38

Here's our entertainment

correspondent Lizo Mzimba.

0:48:380:48:39

The Shape of Water, a tender

science fiction fantasy,

0:48:390:48:41

with Britain's Sally Hawkins playing

a mute cleaner who falls in love

0:48:410:48:44

with a water creature.

0:48:440:48:54

A Best Actress nomination

for Hawkins, one of 12

0:48:540:48:56

for the movie, including Best Film.

0:48:560:48:57

You have wanted this

your entire adult life.

0:48:570:48:59

No, since the nursery.

0:48:590:49:00

Just behind, two films

have nine nomination.

0:49:000:49:09

Wartime drama Darkest Hour,

where both Gary Oldman

0:49:090:49:10

and Kristin Scott Thomas

are recognised for Best Actor

0:49:100:49:13

and Best Supporting Actress.

0:49:130:49:14

So Mildred Hayes, why did you put

up these billboards?

0:49:140:49:17

My daughter Angela was

murdered seven months ago.

0:49:170:49:19

And dark drama Three Billboards

Outside Ebbing, Missouri.

0:49:190:49:21

Like The Shape of Water,

its strongly female led,

0:49:210:49:23

with Frances McDormand

nominated for Best Actress.

0:49:230:49:25

This is a year where, unusually,

two of the three most nominated

0:49:250:49:27

films feature strong women

at the centre, with the men

0:49:270:49:30

only supporting roles.

0:49:300:49:35

We are levelling up very very

quickly to the same level.

0:49:350:49:37

We have still got to fight,

stand up, be brave, be bold,

0:49:370:49:40

be resolute, and say,

we are going to make things even.

0:49:400:49:43

We will make them equal from now on.

0:49:430:49:51

The theme of, to an extent,

focussing on women is continued,

0:49:510:49:54

with Bafta announcing that it

will soon be publishing

0:49:540:49:56

a set of cross-industry

workplace guidelines,

0:49:560:49:58

following the sexual harassment

revelations of the past few months.

0:49:580:50:05

This is also the week

when Oscar voters

0:50:050:50:07

are deciding their nominations.

0:50:070:50:12

It is likely much attention will be

paid this year more than ever,

0:50:120:50:15

as to whether they will be

championing female-led stories

0:50:150:50:17

and female storytellers.

0:50:170:50:21

You're watching Beyond 100 Days.

0:50:240:50:27

A year ago today in Northern

Ireland, the late Martin McGuinness

0:50:270:50:30

resigned as the Stormont

Deputy First Minister.

0:50:300:50:31

His party, Sinn Fein,

and the Democratic Unionists

0:50:310:50:33

have been unable to reach

an agreement

0:50:330:50:35

to restore the power-sharing

coalition.

0:50:350:50:41

Civil servants have been

running the country,

0:50:410:50:42

but they're not able to make

any major decisions.

0:50:420:50:44

Our Ireland Correspondent Chris Page

has been looking at the impact

0:50:440:50:47

of 12 months without government.

0:50:470:50:54

Just like everywhere else

in the UK, the health service

0:50:540:50:56

in Northern Ireland is under severe

pressure this winter,

0:50:560:50:58

but what's different here is that

there's no Health Minister.

0:50:580:51:01

Three months before it collapsed,

the devolved Government published

0:51:010:51:03

a plan to restructure the NHS

after a report said the system

0:51:030:51:06

was at breaking point.

0:51:060:51:15

No problem with your

blood pressure before?

0:51:150:51:16

No.

0:51:160:51:17

This GP says urgent

reforms are being held up

0:51:170:51:19

because ministers are out of office.

0:51:190:51:21

We already see it with the long

waiting lists for secondary care.

0:51:210:51:24

We see it with the lack

of investment in social care.

0:51:240:51:26

We see it with the issues around

the out of hours service and we see

0:51:260:51:30

it with the heavy demands on access

to GP services, and that's where

0:51:300:51:33

the patients will see it primarily.

0:51:330:51:35

Others who rely on public money

to do their jobs say that

0:51:350:51:37

uncertainty is unacceptable.

0:51:370:51:38

You're too neat by nature.

0:51:380:51:48

This workshop for people

with dementia is one

0:51:480:51:49

of hundreds of programmes run

by community arts organisations.

0:51:490:51:52

They say their future is shaky

because of funding cuts,

0:51:520:51:54

but they feel they've nowhere to go

to make their case.

0:51:540:52:00

We have no Government,

we have no champion,

0:52:000:52:02

we have no minister.

0:52:020:52:03

So we've nobody to turn

to to support policy changes,

0:52:030:52:05

to support the communities here.

0:52:060:52:07

This is a crisis moment for us.

0:52:070:52:10

The political crisis is apparently

still as deep as a year ago.

0:52:100:52:13

Martin McGuinness ended

Sinn Fein's uneasy partnership

0:52:130:52:15

with the Democratic Unionists

when he resigned as

0:52:150:52:17

Deputy First Minister.

0:52:170:52:23

There have since been elections

to Stormont and Westminster

0:52:230:52:25

and several rounds of talks

to restore power-sharing.

0:52:250:52:34

But many days of negotiations have

failed to break the deadlock.

0:52:340:52:37

The DUP and Sinn Fein

increased their dominance in both

0:52:370:52:39

elections last year and they blame

each other for the

0:52:390:52:42

Stormont stalemate.

0:52:420:52:48

In the meantime, unmade

decisions are piling up.

0:52:480:52:50

Half of the construction

industry's business comes

0:52:500:52:52

from public sector projects.

0:52:520:52:53

Workers are concerned

about a downturn in demand.

0:52:530:53:01

Within the next few months,

unless decisions are made

0:53:010:53:03

and projects and things start

to move forward, I think

0:53:030:53:06

we could see a situation

where we're seeing layoffs

0:53:060:53:08

in the construction industry.

0:53:080:53:11

We need to see the Executive

and the Assembly reestablished

0:53:110:53:13

as soon as possible.

0:53:130:53:14

The British and Irish governments

are aiming to restart

0:53:140:53:17

talks between the parties

in the coming weeks.

0:53:170:53:19

At the moment, there's no sign

of a deal to bring devolution

0:53:190:53:21

out of the deep freeze.

0:53:210:53:23

Chris Page, BBC News, Belfast.

0:53:230:53:27

That goes back to what you said

yesterday, a lot of government at

0:53:270:53:31

local level. The world record for

democracy going without an elected

0:53:310:53:35

government, Belgium, 2010/11. 589

days! With out any government. If I

0:53:350:53:41

remember correctly, national debt

went down! A lot of people who do

0:53:410:53:48

not like government. Especially in

this country. We can go back to that

0:53:480:53:53

consumer electronic show at Las

Vegas. We find out what gadgets, all

0:53:530:54:00

of the different things, what

difference debt went down! They

0:54:000:54:04

make. The great and the good, very

keen to show off the advances,

0:54:040:54:11

including this robot Chloe. But not

everything went according to plan.

0:54:110:54:17

Allow me to introduce Chloe. Hello

Chloe.

Good morning. I hope you are

0:54:170:54:26

well. What can I do for you today?

0:54:260:54:31

Chloe. What is my schedule?

You need

to go to the gym at 10am today.

0:54:420:54:49

Power up! Power up! Smart learner

has set the washer to sportswear.

0:54:490:55:02

Chloe. Am I going to be ready for

the washer cycle? Even some robots

0:55:020:55:13

have bad days... Chloe. What is

going to be for dinner tonight?

0:55:130:55:21

OK. Chloe... Not going to talk to

me. Does not like me, evidently.

0:55:240:55:33

Reminiscent of my household. They do

not respond. I have got Alexa,

0:55:330:55:40

revolutionary. Does not talk to me.

Probably the only woman who listens

0:55:400:55:47

to you. I do the dishes. The

Chinese, make the planet great

0:55:470:55:57

again. Mandarin.

0:55:570:56:00