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You're watching Beyond 100 Days.
President Trump keeps the world
waiting on the Iran nuclear deal.
Ahead is an important deadline
tomorrow and we still
don't know if he plans
to reimpose US sanctions.
Mr Trump is under pressure
from Europeans and his own national
security team to stick
with the nuclear deal.
He also faces pressure
from the Russia investigation
but insists, repeatedly
there was never any collusion.
Also on the programme...
Searching for survivors -
eight people are still missing
after the mudslides and flash floods
in southern California
that left 17 dead.
The New York Times was barred
from publishing any more classified
documents about the Vietnam war.
The Pentagon, a newspaper and power
- we sit down with Steven Spielberg
to hear about his
latest film, The Post.
Get in touch with us
using the hashtag #Beyond100Days.
Hello and welcome -
I'm Katty Kay in Washington
and Christian Fraser is in London.
The clock is ticking
and President Trump has just one day
to make an important decision
on the Iran deal.
The trouble is that even at this
late stage, no one knows
whether he's going to bring back US
sanctions against Tehran
tomorrow or not.
In a deliberate display of unity,
Britain, France, Germany
and the European Union today
all urged him not
to blow up the deal.
It's known as the JCPOA.
British foreign secretary
Boris Johnson went so far
as to challenge Mr Trump to prove
there was something better
than the current Iran deal.
The EU's foreign policy chief also
stressed that the deal is working
and Iran is in compliance.
The European Union remains committed
to support the full and effective
implementation of the agreement is,
including to make sure that the
lifting of nuclear related sanctions
has a positive impact on trade and
economic relations with Iran,
including benefits for the uranium
people. -- for the Iranians are
people. The agreement has allowed
for continuous dialogue with Iran on
I don't think anybody
has so far produced a better
alternative to the JCPOA. As a way
of preventing the Iranians from
going ahead with the acquisition of
military nuclear capability. I don't
think anybody has come up with a
better idea. I think it is incumbent
on those who oppose the JCPOA to
come up with a better solution,
because we haven't seen it so far.
We know that it is absolutely
necessary to have the signal that it
is possible, by the dramatic
approaches, to prevent the
development of nuclear weapons, in a
time when other parts of the world
are discussing how to get nuclear
weapons, and it would send a very
dangerous signal to the rest of the
world if the only agreement which
prevents us from the proliferation
of nuclear weapons would be negative
effect. We very much agree on this
They are all asking what
America is going to do.
And a brief time ago
we got reaction from
Democratic Senator Chris Coons,
who sits on the Foreign
What are the chances, realistically,
that the President is going to defy
all of the European expertise on
this, as well as his own national
security team, and actually reimpose
American sanctions on Iran?
one of the challenges we face with
our President. When he was a
candidate, he promised he would be
unconventional and unpredictable. He
certainly outperformed in that Tata
Group, so far as President. I am
hopeful he will take seriously the
advice of his National Security
Adviser, his secretary of defence
and state, and the concerns and
interests of our vital European
allies, and that he will recertify
our continued participation in the
JCPOA. I am also hopeful he will
announce new sanctions on Iran that
we can impose on their ballistic
missile programme, on human rights
violations, or on their support for
terrorism in the region.
Johnson, the British Foreign
Secretary, has challenged the White
House to come up with something
better than the existing deal. Is
There is nothing we
are going to have enacted in the
next few days. We need to continue
this journey with our European
partners of constraining Iran's
nuclear weapon programme through the
JCPOA. But we can and should work
together to address some of the
future challenges we will face
because of sunsets in the JCPOA.
Some diplomats have suggested that
they are hearing that Iran is
seriously considering walking away
from this deal. If the President
reimpose sanctions, is that they
Yes, if he were to reimpose
nuclear related sanctions, they
would be justified in walking away
from JCPOA, because we would be
breaking one of the core principles
of the deal. If the President
imposes sanctions that are
specifically targeted at the
ballistic missile programme, for
example, that is clearly permitted
under the JCPOA and clearly
justified by Iran's ongoing
aggressive behaviour and violation
of UN Security Council resolutions.
You and your colleagues on the
foreign relations committee, your
Democrat colleagues, have gathered
evidence from European allies about
Russian interference in democracies.
You put out a report this week, 200
pages long, an extraordinary read.
You documented evidence of Russian
operations in 19 European countries.
That's right. A stunning moment in
our history as a nation. We have
such a clear and well documented
assault, not just on America's
democracy, but on the democracies
and the electoral systems of so many
of our allies across Europe and the
West in the democratic world. Our
President is failing to call this
clearly for what it is. And
organised Russian campaign of
aggression to undermine democracy.
He is failing to step up and prepare
the United States for its next
election, and to come to the aid and
support of vital allies in Europe,
as your elections continue to be
threatened and undermined by this
behaviour by Russia, it is
flabbergasting. It is a failure of
leadership to protect not just the
United States and our homeland, but
what makes us a democracy and our
What about the
investigations? You also sit on the
Judiciary Committee, the
intelligence committee and the house
intelligence committee, they all
have investigation is ongoing. You
came out of the Judiciary Committee
and you said you are at an impasse,
the politics is now getting in the
way of the investigations. Explain?
Unfortunately, the Republican
chairman of the Senate Judiciary
Committee has been trying to move
into a different direction, to
investigate different things, either
far past actions or actions somehow
related to Hillary Clinton and her
campaign, rather than working with
the minority leader and focusing on
supporting an ongoing investigation
into Russia's meddling and oversight
of the obstruction of justice
allegations, where the firing of
former FBI director Jim Comey is one
of the core issues. The Senate
Judiciary Committee is responsible
for the oversight of the American
Department of Justice and the
Federal bureau of investigation. It
is in our jurisdiction to bring in
witnesses, hold testimony. Sadly, on
a partisan basis, the investigation
has ground to a halt.
Thank you for
If you are trying to bring North
Korea to the table, it sets a
dangerous precedent if you walk away
from a deal you have already signed
with Iran, particularly when you're
trying to get Korea to unilaterally
disarm. When you're trying to prop
up the moderates, there are
investors that want to go there, but
they are nervous. Every time we get
a rhetorical flourish from Trump,
they think, should we invest or
might we lose money? You have heard
there that they might be justified
to walk away from a deal?
that is part of the reason why
people in Iran have been frustrated,
they say that they were promised so
much from the sanctions relief, it
did not come because there have not
been foreign investors. Iran is the
the reason that European diplomats
feel that they have to find a way to
work with this unusual
administration. I spoke to a top
European diplomat just this week
that was saying that we don't know,
so close to this deadline on the
sanctions waver, we just don't know
which way the White House is going
to go. That is a problem, when they
are trying to craft their own
policies. Iran is a huge factor in
America's relations with its
European allies at the moment.
As we have just heard Donald Trump
has repeatedly insisted
there was no collusion
between his campaign and Russia.
He accuses Democrats of carrying out
a witch hunt and suggests
Republicans should take charge
of the investigations.
He also says it is Hillary Clinton
who should be investigated not him.
At a press conference yesterday,
the President used the phrase
"no collusion" seven
times in just one answer.
There has been no collusion between
the Trump campaign and Russians, or
Trump and Russians. No collusion.
There is no pollution, there is no
collusion. There was absolutely no
pollution. But it has been
determined there is no pollution.
They have no collusion and nobody
has found any collusion.
We can speak to the CEO of news Max.
Clearly, the President is frustrated
by this investigation. You speak to
Donald Trump on a regular basis.
What does he tell you about it and
what he feels about the
He tells me there is
no collusion! I think he is exactly
right in that. You know, they say,
the President repeats himself a lot,
there must be something wrong in the
President, Donald Trump is a bit
theatrical. He has a theatrical
flair and he thinks that this is a
way of reinforcing his message. He
has been doing this for years where
he repeats himself. There is nothing
unusual. It is funny how I take it
as normal and somebody else says it
is strange that he keeps... He has a
mantra, no collusion, because this
President has been very cooperative,
I think a lot more cooperative than
I would ever advise them to be,
certainly any other President under
investigation, turning over
documents, not exerting executive
privilege, allowing key aides to be
interviewed, opening himself up to
questions, which I think he will be
answering soon. I was not involved
in the campaign, because I run
Newsmax and we are independent. I
have always been a friend of the
President, I know a lot of people
involved, and I don't think there is
any evidence whatsoever of collusion
between the Trump campaign and the
You're right that it is
effective, we picked that up and ran
that for him several times in a row.
Does he feel that this
investigation, from Capitol Hill or
the FBI, is overshadowing his
Yes, I think he thinks
it is being used as a blunt
instrument against him, and
certainly the media focus on it. You
go on certain networks, which I will
not name, cable news channels, all
they do is talk about this. What I
think is frustrating to him and his
close friends and supporters is they
have taken nothing and created it
into something. Let me give you an
example. If you look at this, this
whole story, there is no evidence
that there has been collusion with
the Russians. We have two
indictments and two plea agreements
from Robert Mueller, and there is no
evidence there. A lot of it starts
with the so-called dossier, which
comes to Britain, because all
hearsay, it was a a lot of garbage.
We have Ikea: going to
Czechoslovakia, to Prague, for a
secret meeting with the Russians,
and he testified he has never been
to Czechoslovakia and have no
dealings with this people. It was
just a lot of hearsay and gossip in
a report. To have a major
investigation come out of gossip, it
is very bizarre.
Of course, Chris,
if we believe what is in Michael
Wolff's group, Steve Bannon thinks
the meetings between Donald Junior
and the Russians was treasonous.
That aside, is it easier, with
Bannon out of the way, for the
President to reach across the aisle
and start to do some deals?
disagree with Steve's treasonous, I
don't think was not the way the
meeting went down, but I think most
campaigns would have taken the
meeting in some shape or form. I
don't think it was treasonous. I
think Bannon was a weight on the
President and was preventing him
from moving to the centre. I believe
the President's success and
importance for the United States is
that he moved to the centre of
things like immigration,
infrastructure, education, even
national security issues. I think
the Donald Trump I have known, I met
him 20 years ago, will do that in
short order. We are seeing signs of
it. We are living through a very
polarising period here. But I think
he is the guy that can break
When you say you have known
him for 20 years, do you think
sometimes he is conflicted in the
way that he has to appeal to his
base? Sometimes, I suspect that his
instincts are Democrat?
think he is more of a centrist. When
I first knew him, he was a Democrat.
I would say a conservative business
Democrat, but a Democrat. He is a
unifying guy. He is not an
ideologue, that is the important
thing you have to know about Donald
Trump, Steve Bannon is and was an
ideologue. He is not rigid, he likes
getting deals done, he is very
pragmatic. He will look at an issue
and say, we need infrastructure, the
country needs this modernisation and
we need to be competitive around the
world, a conservative might say we
don't have the money, the Liberals
say that the project should go for
different things, Trump is more
about, let's get this done for the
good of the country.
Chris, when did
you last speak to the President and
what is his mood?
I saw him about
ten days ago, I guess, when he was
down in Florida. He was down here
for that period of time over the
holidays. He was happy, very
gregarious. He had just gotten the
tax bill through and he was looking
forward to... In fact, he told me he
thought he could do a lot of
bipartisan legislation this year and
that the Democrats, he thought, were
very open to working with him.
thank you very much for joining us,
always good to have you on the
programme, please come back again
Thank you so much.
It is nice and sunny in Florida,
always interesting to get his
thoughts, he is one of the people
that has been close to the President
for a long time. He downplayed it a
little bit, but I know he speaks to
him on a regular basis. You know, to
try to get a sense of how the
President is feeling, sometimes we
get the perception between the
Michael Wolff book, the tweets about
nuclear buttons, that there is a lot
of stress being pent up in the White
House. Interesting to see whether
that is being felt by his friends,
and the degree to which they will
tell us that.
The thing for me, he
talks about no collusion, I wonder
if Robert Mueller has moved past
that, he is looking at
money-laundering, he has two guilty
pleas, he is looking at obstruction
of justice, not just solely about
collusion. He has brought in a cyber
expert we have heard. You wonder how
ready Donald Trump to sit down with
Robert Mueller. He said he was 100%
ready to do it in summer, I am not
sure he is 100% now.
He kind of
urged that and so yesterday. -- he
kind of fudged that answer.
In California, rescue teams
are searching for eight people
who are still missing
after the flash floods
and mudslides on Tuesday.
17 people are known to have died
when a torrent of mud carrying
boulders the size of small cars
smashed through the
town of Montecito.
65 homes have been destroyed -
the area in Santa Barbara county
was only just recovering
from the recent
James Cook is there.
The flash flood is right there!
Get out of here, go!
This is the moment it began.
Oh, my God!
And then panic.
Close the door!
It was a million miles
an hour in slow motion,
if that makes sense.
I clicked in survival
gear, survival mode.
Every second, it is just roaring
and banging against the house
and the most vicious and violent
sounds you have ever heard.
Montecito has only just grasped
the scale of the disaster
which will bear its name.
For this idyllic little town
of just 9000 people,
recovery will be long and hard.
This was somebody's driveway.
There are three cars destroyed.
Buried inside that rubble.
Looking at this house,
it is difficult to believe anyone
on this street survived,
but many did and their
stories are remarkable.
People walked the dogs through here,
there are trails, my kids have grown
up riding their bikes.
Noelle fled with her three children
just before the storm.
But many of her neighbours did not.
Two young boys were swept
out of their home,
along with their mother.
In the middle of the night.
And the dog is gone.
And they are lucky to be fine.
It is like a war zone here.
There are homes that
are just missing.
And I walk down the street and I see
balls, and toys, and bicycles
and shoes and socks.
And knives and hammers.
It looks like people's lives
are just washed to the ocean.
Much of the wreckage ended up
clogging the main coastal motorway.
The mountains above are scarred
by rivers of debris.
Southern California was once famed
for its agreeable climate.
These days, it reels
from drought, fire and flood.
James Cook, BBC News, Montecito.
Steven Spielberg believes the Trump
administration is using the same
tactics as President Nixon used to
try to silence the press.
The Oscar-winning director
was speaking to our arts editor,
Will Gompertz, ahead of the release
of his latest film The Post,
starring Tom Hanks
and Meryl Streep.
This is a devastating security
breach that was leaked
out of the Pentagon.
Before the Watergate Scandal,
there were the Pentagon Papers.
The first expose a of a cover-up
in the Nixon government
by the Washington Post,
led by its legendary editor Ben
Bradlee and publisher Kay Graham.
Do you have the papers?
Set in 1971.
But you have described
it as a timely movie.
Well, obviously if you flip the 1
and the 7, or the 7 and the 1,
you really get to see the great arc
of the pendulum that has brought us
right back to the same tactics
that Richard Nixon used
to try to silence the press.
I'm talking about the current
administration and their absolute
broadsiding of media,
social media, news,
anybody that offends.
You know, there is a label
that is immediately attached
to them, well, that can't be true,
because they're all fake news.
I mean, it's a lot more
insidious today, by the way,
than it was in 1971.
If you publish, we'll be
in the Supreme Court next week.
We could all go to prison.
There's been another massive press
expose the last six months,
it looks like the endemic sexual
harassment and exploitation
of women in Hollywood.
I mean, you're a really senior
figure in Hollywood and you've
been around a long time.
Do you ever think, you know
what, I think I could
have done a bit more to stop this?
Well, you know, I can only basically
react to that question
within my own workplace environment.
Within my organisation,
there weren't incidences,
except for a couple of years
and years ago, that I would say
gave me the experiences
to be the authority
on that question you ask.
What happened in those incidences?
Just a couple of incidences, I don't
want to go into detail on them,
but they happened years and years
ago, where we had
to let somebody go.
People are concerned about having
a woman in charge of the paper.
Think she doesn't have the resolve
to make the tough choices.
Thank you for your frankness.
My prediction is that this
watershed moment for women,
in extolling the courage of women
who, like Katherine Graham,
with the Pentagon Papers,
with her decision to publish or not
to publish, so many women have
found their voices and they have
been given so much support.
Not just by other women,
but also by certain men.
I think this is not just
another news cycle.
I think this is a permanent
change in the culture.
But as Kay Graham showed
with her courageous leadership
of the Washington Post,
exposing deeply rooted corrupt
behaviour is one thing -
changing it is quite another.
Will Gompertz, BBC News.
I can't wait to see that movie. Have
you seen it?
Not yet, looking
forward to it.
Apparently it is
really good, she is meant to be
great as Kay Graham.
We've talked this week about
the buzz surrounding Oprah Winfrey -
I think it's Christian's favourite
story - and whether she's planning
to run for President after giving
a rousing speech at the Golden
Well she got a bit
more backing today.
In an interview with the BBC's
Andrew Marr Show, both Meryl Streep
and Tom Hanks were asked
whether they thought
Oprah Winfrey is running -
here's their glowing endorsement.
Well, I don't know if she was
thinking that specifically, although
I do here now that she is really
considering it. But she certainly
set the bar pretty high for anybody
else that decides to run, because no
one can speak in less lofty terms
and adhere to principle and passion
in a legal campaign, because we have
seen it as possible. That is how you
rouse people. That was the voice of
a leader. You know, I pity whoever
does try to run.
I believe Oprah is
some other kind of social force, one
of the kind that has never existed
before, quite attractive. I believe
she wakes up in the morning, both
personally and professionally,
wonders what she can do,
specifically, in order to make the
world a better place. Maybe it is a
very local event, maybe it is going
out and giving voice to something
that needs to be given voice to. We
had proven, I think, in the last few
years, that if you want to be
President of the United States,
guess what, there is a way that can
That is one thing
Trump has shown.
where I see the problem for Oprah
Winfrey. When we talk about Donald
Trump, there is a tweet for every
occasion, you can go back to 2009,
and find one to fit the occasion.
Imagine if you did that with Oprah
Winfrey. She has been a chat show
host for 25 years. People could go
back and find out her thoughts on
everything, right across the social
spectrum. How would she survived
that sort of scrutiny?
I have two
words for you, Access Hollywood.
Donald Trump survived revelations we
never thought he would do. We
thought his campaign was totally
sunk by those comments he made about
women on tape. And he is now
President of the United States. Here
is the interesting thing for me,
watching two liberal media stars,
Tom Hanks and Meryl Streep saying it
would be great if she won, she has
set the bar high. Those are the same
people who said Donald Trump should
never run for office, he has no
experience, does not know how to be
President and has never been elected
to anything. If they apply that
standard to Donald Trump, I am not
sure how they can't apply it to
Oprah Winfrey, which I think is the
fear of some Democrats, that this
builds momentum and she is not
qualified, that she cannot make it
to the election process.
2020 is so
far away, isn't it?
It will come in
Who will come out of
the Democrat would work? The one
thing in her favour is that she has
the star factor, something the
Democrats are desperately looking
This is Beyond 100
Days from the BBC.
Coming up for viewers on the BBC
News Channel and BBC World News -
why countries around the world
are lining up to condemn Myanmar
over the arrest of two journalists
who the government wants to charge
with breaking the
Official Secrets Act.
And a freedom of speech issue
or a question of tone?
The online vlogger who's fallen out
of favour with YouTube
after posting the body
of a suicide victim.
That's still to come.
Hello. If the truth were known, it
has been something of a mishmash of
a day across the British Isles, at
its very best. There was pledge of
sunshine on offer in Wales and spots
elsewhere. The truth of the matter
is that there was a lot of clout to
be had and some mist and fog
lingered through the course of the
day. One of those lead in January
days. There you can see on the
satellite imagery that there were
some decent islands of sunshine.
Through the evening and overnight,
we will find that the cloud will
part in one or two locations, and
that will lead to some fog, a death
like we had last night. Where the
skies stay clear, particularly so in
the West, there could be a touch of
frost around proceedings and
especially so in the countryside,
just that fraction milder towards
the east. Friday morning, I think
there are no great issues with fog
across the north-western quarter of
Scotland. As soon as you drift a
little further east down into the
Borders, there could be a little bit
of an issue. Northern Ireland, not
such an issue. If there was any fog
overnight, I think it will be blown
away, the commute of the morning.
Quite a chilly start across western
parts. I think this is where we will
see the densest of the fog, through
the East, East Anglia, parts of the
south-east, I don't think it will be
much of an issue. A lot of cloud and
dry whether to be had on Friday. The
best of the sunshine through western
parts, cross high ground as well,
helping to break up some of the
cloud. Again, it will be Aprilia
leaden sort of day. Friday into
Saturday, we freshen up those winds,
which will help with the fog
situation we have had over the last
couple of nights. It is freshening
up, the wind, head of a said of
weather fronts, bringing a wet day
into Northern Ireland. Gradually
easing further east, the weather
front, taking the prospect of rain
into western Scotland, western
England, through Wales. Dry
conditions to finish the day in
Northern Ireland. From Saturday into
Sunday, join the dots, that is the
old weather front. A new one showing
at hand across the western quarter
of the British Isles. Not the
coldest days by any means at all.
Make the most of it because once the
weather front comes through during
the course of Monday, the rest of
the week is much colder and a tad
This is Beyond 100 Days,
with me Katty Kay in Washington -
Christian Fraser's in London.
Our top stories -
European powers call
on President Trump to uphold a deal
on Iran's nuclear programme -
struck by his predecessor
Barack Obama in 2015.
When he was a candidate he promised
that he would be unconventional and
that he would be unconventional and
unpredictable. He certainly
outperformed in that category so far
Some incredible pictures to share
with you from California,
the moment a car was caught
in the devastating mudslides
which have killed 17 people -
eight others are still missing.
Coming up in the next half hour -
He was the Brexiteer-in-chief,
so why is Nigel Farage
warming to the idea
of another EU referendum?
And raiding the Ritz -
two robbers remain on the run
after stealing millions of dollars
worth of jewels, from
the glitzy hotel in Paris.
Let us know your thoughts
by using the hashtag.
Earlier this week we had
Nigel Farage on the programme,
the Brexiteer in chief,
talking about his trip to Brussels
and his meeting with the EU chief
negotiator Michel Barnier.
Today Mr Farage said he is close
to backing a second EU referendum
in order to end the "whinging
and whining" of
It's probably the first time
the former UK Independence Party
leader and the Pro-EU campaigners
have seen eye to eye.
"Bring it on" said
the Remainers today.
Maybe, just maybe, I've reached a
point in thinking that we should
have a second referendum...
On EU membership.
The whole thing?
Let's bring in our chief political
correspondent Vicki Young
who's in Westminster.
He's been doing his radio programme
on LBC radio this evening, he said
he was meeting Michel Barnier on
Monday, and he is now convinced that
Michel Barnier will not "Give us a
good deal". I'm saying this to
Leavers, do not be complacent.
elaborating on comments he made
earlier. There has been a backlash
for Nigel Farage, the man getting
that referendum and who has long
advocated the UK's departure from
the EU, suggesting that he welcomed
a second referendum. A lot of
leading Brexiteers have said that is
the wrong thing to do, even members
of Ukip, of which Nigel Farage the
former leader is still a member of,
they say that is not part of the
policy. On his radio programme
tonight, he has said that he does
not want there to be a second
referendum but after his meeting
with Michel Barnier, as you say, he
came away thinking that UK wasn't
going to get a good deal and in that
eventuality he thought the British
parliament would say rather than
walk away from the EU that there
should be a second vote. He suggests
that Leavers, those who want the UK
to depart from the EU should not be
complacent but gear up for the
possibility of another referendum,
he said that there could be another
dramatic battle go to come.
talk about political odd couples,
this puts Labour Nigel Farage in the
same bracket with Remainer, Tony
Blair. I cannot believe either of
them have a lot of time for one
another but they seem convinced if
there was a second referendum that
their side would win?
That is what
is interesting about this, not just
Tony Blair but other Labour MPs,
Liberal Democrats in the UK say that
they welcomed the idea of another
referendum. Looking at opinion
polls, broadly speaking they are not
clear, it depends on the question
they are asked. You can summarise
that there has been a shift towards
people wanting to get on with
Brexit, including people who wanted
the UK to remain before. There a
rise in the number of people who
thought the outcome of the
referendum was wrong. We don't know
the result but as you say both sides
are convinced that their side would
win if it were to be rerun and a
strange combination of Nigel Farage,
cheap Brexiteer, the bedfellow of
some hard remainders, albeit with
others for different reasons.
was Nigel Farage on his radio
programme saying that he wanted to
send Tony Blair into outer space,
this would decide it once and for
all. But if there were to be a
second referendum, he's proposing
the same as before, but if it goes
the other way, would this be the
Brexiteers would say that
it was close last time, let's have a
Like kids playing Rock
paper scissors? What is interesting,
Arron Banks, one of the finances
behind the league campaign, he is
also behind the idea of having a
second referendum, he said that Tony
Blair and the likes of Lord Adonis
and Nick Clegg, all of the Remainers
out in force in the last few
weeks... You have to wonder what
they make of this in Brussels! It
does not really play to their
chances of getting a good deal if
everyone is talking about a second
referendum but that's another
President Trump's national security
team is reportedly advising him not
to re-impose US sanctions on Iran.
The European partners to the nuclear
deal came together in Brussels today
to urge the President to maintain
the waiver on sanctions.
But what if he doesn't?
A short while ago he was asked on
be finding out soon. Thank you.
Finding out very soon, he likes to
keep us on tenterhooks!
Karim Sadjapour is an Iran expert
with the Carnegie Endowment.
I spoke to him a short while ago.
Why is President Trump prevaricating
over the sanctions and the waiver?
He made it clear he hates the deal
and he wants to rip it up? That's
right, he's always been sceptical of
the deal, he called it the worst
deal in history. The other thing
about President Trump is that he is
sceptical of what he calls "Expert
opinion and conventional wisdom". He
likes to think he's thought of these
on a few occasions and the blowback
hasn't been what people expected but
in this case, almost all of his
senior national security advisers
have advised him not to blow up the
nuclear deal. In some ways, he is
doing this against his own instincts
If the sanctions
were reimposed, would it indeed blow
up the deal?
If you sanction around
because you say they are not in
compliance with the nuclear deal,
which according to them, they are
still in compliance, that would be
because the US has reneged on its
end of the deal and therefore it
will reconstitute nuclear
activities. Therefore, nuclear
related sanctions against Iran could
unravel the nuclear deal.
it interestingly, the president,
basically, the problem is America
faces a choice where if it isolates
Iran further, you drive it in the
direction of North Korea and then it
becomes more like South Korea,
embracing it and engaging it, is
that message getting through to the
It's a very compact
challenge for the White House and
the US Congress, in that, again, if
you want to present agriculture
event the regime that has required
economic isolation, the US
government has done that well
against Iran but if you try and help
Iranians society become like South
Korea it requires more political and
economic reintegration and in some
ways, these policies are at
loggerheads, they contradict one
another and I would argue that the
nuclear deal is one way of checking
both boxes. The deal keeps Iran
tethered to its nuclear obligations,
to greater transparency. But at the
same time, it helps Iran's economy,
certainly not reintegrate with the
United States but with other parts
of the world that are interested in
doing business with Iran, whether it
is Europe or Asia.
And briefly, what
about the recent riots playing into
the US's calculations?
He feels that
a time when the Iranian regime is
using overwhelming force to harm
citizens aspirations for a greater
economy and more pluralism, why
should we be agreeing to economic
sanctions and lifting economic
sanctions against Iran which simply
provide the regime with more
resources to be oppressive?
Myanmar is in the spotlight again
after sentencing two Reuters
journalists to prison for 14 years.
The pair were charged
with offences under
the Official Secrets Act in Myanmar.
Wa Lone and Kyaw Soe Oo
were arrested last month
after meeting police.
They were covering the situation
in Rakhine state where more
than half a million Muslims have
fled a deadly military crackdown.
Steven Butler is the Asia programme
coordinator for the Committee
to Protect Journalists
and joins me now.
thank you for coming in. What more
do we know on the circumstances of
these journalists, how they are
being held and what they are accused
They are accused of
holding documents the government
deems to be secret. They are being
held in prison and so far as we know
they've not been mistreated, they've
told their families that and their
lawyer. They should be out of jail,
they shouldn't be in there in the
That 14 year sentence,
could it be lifted?
been sentenced, they've been charged
under the official secrets act and
if they are convicted they face
potentially 14 years in prison. We
don't know what will happen. There's
another hearing on the 23rd, the
lawyers have asked for bail and the
trial is yet to take place.
is to intimidate foreign press, or
the press more generally?
prevent journalists from covering
the tragedy unfolding in the racking
state with the range of people.
you have suggested that there is
some evidence that perhaps this was
Absolutely, if you look at
what they told their families, they
were invited to meet police and
given documents before they left,
told that they could read the
documents when they arrived home but
immediately as soon as they left
they were arrested. With the
documents that form the basis of the
It is always tricky, in
this situation, do you speak out
publicly or do interviews? What's
the best way to operate? You want to
do the best for those in custody?
think first of all, you provide them
with legal help, that is happening
and secondly, you work with other
organisations like the committee to
protect journalists and other
groups, mobilising governments to
put pressure on the Myanmar regime.
That is happening, there's a
unanimous voice. That this is
How far can bemoan my
government to sustain that kind of
international opprobrium at the
moment? Wouldn't it add to
We don't know the
answer to that, we have seen Myanmar
had a military role and survived for
decades from this kind of pressure.
You have to wonder, perhaps they are
getting ready to face that again? We
don't know the answer but I do think
the international pressure is the
only realistic tool in their arsenal
to make changes there.
Butler, thank you. Thank you for
coming in. Our thoughts go to those
two journalists in Myanmar facing
these long prison sentences. The
crackdown on journalism around the
world, press freedom is under threat
in countries like Myanmar, where
there is a lot of political
pressure. They do have writers
behind them and that puts them in a
slightly stronger position. Reuters
can rally attention and legal
resources, there are many
journalists who are freelancers
without that kind of backing.
does make a difference, I have been
there. I used to be a correspondence
in Cairo and I was once arrested
near the border near Gaza. We were
in prison for most of the day and
you think, this will be all right...
Then that is part of you that
thinks, maybe it won't? But it
certainly helps, when the BBC is
involved and the BBC's name around
the world. I'm sure that's the case
for Reuters. Those charges they are
facing and the sentence, in actual
fact, the law they are operating on
is British law. A secret law that
Britain implemented in the country
back in the 1920s when it was Burma.
Let's hope that they are free soon
and can go back to their families.
Let's stay in the country.
Well, still in the country
and the Myanmar military has
admitted for the first time
to killing a group of ten Rohingya
men in Rakhine State
and dumping their bodies
in a mass grave.
The incident took place
in the village of Inn Din.
The army says it was in
the region to fight Rohingya
militants known as ARSA.
This satellite image
here shows what remains
of Inn Din after clashes
with the security forces.
To give you a sense of the scale
of destruction, this picture shows
the village before the clashes.
The ten men found in the mass
grave - had been arrested
as suspected members of ARSA.
The army said they didn't have
trucks to transport them
to the police station -
so they executed them on the spot.
Certainly we need journalists in the
New York is suing five oil
companies, accusing them
of contributing to global warming.
The mayor, Bill de Blasio,
said the city was seeking
damages from BP, Chevron,
ConocoPhillips, Exxon Mobil
and Royal Dutch Shell ,
to protect residents
from the effects of climate change.
More than 300 people were arrested
in Tunisia during a third night
of anti-government protests.
There were violent clashes
between police and demonstrators
in several cities, including
the capital, Tunis.
The South Korean justice ministry
is preparing a law to ban
the trading of digital
currencies like Bitcoin.
The announcement comes just days
after the country's largest virtual
currency exchanges were raided
for alleged tax evasion.
South Korea is a hub
for crypto-currencies and shares
in Bitcoin have dropped sharply.
The new US ambassador
to the Netherlands has refused
to explain comments he made in 2015
that Muslims had brought chaos
to the country by "burning
cars and politicians".
Ambassador Peter Hoekstra was asked
repeatedly by Dutch reporters
whether he still stood
by the remarks, in which he said
there were 'no-go areas'
in the Netherlands.
But he refused to engage, only
expressing regret at the comments.
Police in France are hunting for two
men who stole millions of euros
worth of jewels in a smash and grab
raid on the Ritz hotel in Paris.
Some of the jewellery but not
all of it has been recovered.
The armed gang -
five of them in all -
burst into the Ritz on Wednesday
evening and smashed the display
windows of jewellery
shops in the hotel.
Three of them were arrested
immediately - two others
are still on the run.
Dan Johnson reports.
A large police response outside
the Paris Ritz after a gang,
armed with axes, carried out
a violent raid.
It isn't just the Christmas
lights that sparkle here.
There are jewels on display to match
the wealth of the guests
at one of the world's
most exclusive hotels.
The robbers arrived in Place Vendome
on scooters at around six
in the evening local time,
smashing windows on the ground
floor of the hotel.
It is estimated they took jewels
worth 4 million euros.
But police officers interrupted
the raid and arrested
three of the five men.
Paris has seen this before.
In October, 2016, US reality TV star
Kim Kardashian had a gun put
to her head as a gang stole
10 million euros-worth
of her jewellery.
Only one piece was ever seen again.
It is not clear how much
was recovered from this latest raid.
Police are still searching for two
of the men involved.
Don Johnson, BBC News.
This is Beyond 100 Days.
Still to come - Putting
a prince on the spot,
why May 19th is turning out to be
a clash of Royal proportions
for Prince William.
Theresa May has pledged to improve
Britain's environment but how
practical is it a they without
plastic? They tried to do that in
Penzance, Cornwall, as John Kay has
been finding out...
A rubbish day at Saint Hilary
Who has straws in their
A lesson in pollution and
waste. If Theresa May wants to reach
out to the young with her green
strategy, these kids would be 30
years old at the end of her 25 year
plan... Here in Penzance, they are
trying to be Britain's first plastic
Freetown. -- free town. They are
making some progress. Businesses
like this cafe have signed up and it
is backed by the council... But at
the local supermarket, the challenge
Some apples wrapped in
John likes the
government's new strategy but
wonders if it will make much
plastic... You can't get away from
Most shoppers told us that they
would try plastic free aisles, but
some, like Roxanne, worried that it
may not be practical.
It might not
be the most hygienic route to go
down, maybe? Having the meat next to
the eggs or the cheese, for example?
This is why people around here are
so concerned about the long-term
impact of plastic.
Found on a local
beach, recently, a lollipop stick
from when I was growing up in the
1970s. It hasn't broken down at all.
And a packet of peanuts, test before
1983. -- best before. The Prime
Minister insists her plan has a
wider vision. She says it's about
more than plastic and more than the
John Kay, BBC News, Cornwall.
This is Beyond 100 Days.
Video bloggers can do big business
online on sites such as YouTube.
Some of the most famous post videos
which are watched by millions
and millions of people around
the world and make millions
for the vloggers themselves.
But now YouTube has cut some
business ties with the video blogger
Logan Paul, after he was heavily
criticised for posting a video
appearing to show the body
of a suicide victim in Japan.
Here's our Media Editor Amol Rajan.
We are going to take a break
from vlogging and each other.
Low-budget, confessional and often
This couple announced
they were breaking up on YouTube
in a video seen 15 million times.
And if I can do it, you can do it...
They are part of a phenomenon called
vlogging or video blogging,
very often on Google-owned YouTube.
This 21st century cottage industry
has created a vast new fleet
of online celebrities.
Many vloggers have a commited
following among those
aged between 18 and 34,
a demographic prized by advertisers.
Vloggers like Logan Paul.
The 22-year-old American
is a YouTube star, or was.
I think this definitely marks
a moment in YouTube history.
This morning YouTube cut
business ties with him
after he naively posted a video
from Japan's Aokigahara Forest,
infamous as a suicide spot.
Paul issued an apology to his 15
million subscribers on YouTube.
I have made a severe and continuous
lapse of my judgment and I don't
expect to be forgiven.
I'm simply here to apologise.
In a statement, YouTube said:
Vlogging is now hugely popular
Vlogging is now hugely popular
business with the likes
of Logan Paul making vast sums
of money in a variety of ways.
They get paid up to £3 per 1000
clicks and can top up their income
through merchandising and deals
with brands, and they do all of that
without the more stringent controls
applied to traditional media.
The boss of Britain's
biggest media agency wants
to see smarter regulation.
I would definitely like to see
vloggers with this much reach
and influence to have the sorts
of regulation traditional
broadcasters have got to adhere to,
particularly around content that can
be dangerous, can be glamorising
or condoning anti-social behaviour,
that can be copied by children.
I'm going to be the biggest
entertainer on the planet...
Logan Paul and his ilk portend
a new kind of celebrity.
One that it intimate,
incessant and ever more devotional.
For all of the glory of the open
web, the danger is that his kind
of immaturity exposes audiences
to material that is
in nobody's interest.
I'm just getting warmed up.
Amol Rajan, BBC News.
This is interesting, I was speaking
about this to my daughter, Poppy,
very familiar with his work. It was
the only news story that she was
aware of, the whole controversy
surrounding him, unsurprising that
50 million subscribers last year,
last year he made $12.5 million and
now there is criticism of YouTube
and it took them 12 days to respond,
that they did not take the video
down, Logan Paul took it down.
Should they have done something
faster? We are hearing this kind of
criticism about all social media
companies. Do they need more
He doesn't work for
YouTube, he posts on a social
platform. When you work for a big
organisation like the BBC there is a
code of ethics and the ethics of
communication. YouTube provide
guidance and puts trust in people
who are quite young and you are
asking them to get it right all the
time. It is a big ask and part of
the problem. The other issue made
today is that very often the
sanctions are not strong enough for
people who digress, and they need to
impose those sanctions more than
A firm that supplied lingerie
to the Queen has lost its royal
warrant after releasing a book,
called 'Storm in a D-Cup',
which revealed details
of royal bra fittings.
The company Rigby & Peller,
had held the royal warrant
for more than 50 years.
It said it was "deeply
saddened" by the decision.
Buckingham Palace has said
it does not "comment
on individual companies".
Nor will I comment on that
No, moving along!
We're going to stick
with the royal theme,
and that's because Prince William's
been put on the spot
over his brother, Prince Harry's
wedding on the 19th of May.
Wills, who's second in line
to the throne, was filming
for a mental health charity
with former England football
captain Rio Ferdinand,
and London DJ Roman Kemp -
when this happened.
There is the matter of a small
wedding that will happen this year -
of course, your brother -
we're very happy for him...
It was a big decision.
Are we going to Wembley,
or are we going to...
Still working it out.
I'll have to see what I can do.
I think, you know, having that
that, and the skin of
I'm not sure what royal protocol is
that I don't think you can snub the
future King of England as the best
man, can you?
Not without causing a
lot of sibling rivalry and problems!
The fact he's had to go on
television and say that he hasn't
asked me yet, how long has it been
since they announced their
engagement? He's had long enough!
Carrie, get on with it!
think he realises how much work goes
into planning the stag do, you've
got to get on with it!
I'm sure he's
aware of that! I think he will do a
good job there!
Coming up, Ros
Atkins is here with Outside Source,
and then all of the latest
headlines. We are here on Monday
evening! It has been a long week!
See you then. Have a good weekend.