12/03/2018 Beyond 100 Days


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12/03/2018

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You're watching Beyond One 100 Days.

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The British Prime Minister slams

the Russian Government over

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the poisoning of a former spy.

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Theresa May says it's highly likely

the Kremlin was involved.

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So, what's she going to do about it?

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This attempted murder using weapons

grade nerve agent in a British town

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was not just a crime against the

Skripals, it was an indiscriminate

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and reckless act the United Kingdom.

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it was an indiscriminate

and reckless act the United Kingdom.

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The Russian ambassador

to London has been summoned

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to explain the attack -

and Mrs May says there cannot be

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business as usual with Moscow.

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Radio silence from

North Korea on Trump's

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offer of direct talks -

the Secretary of State says there's

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still much to be agreed.

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Also on the programme:

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Allegations of bullying

and sexual harrassment

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within Westminster -

the Leader of the House tells

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us what she is doing

to protect clerks and staff.

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What we are looking to achieve

is for people to come forward,

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not ending up splashed all over

the newspapers, not ending up

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being further bullied

by people knowing, oh,

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you just made a complaint

about someone.

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The bun fight over scones -

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how the promotion of a Cornish cream

tea left one corner of England

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a little red faced.

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Get in touch with us

using the hashtag

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#Beyond100Days

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Hello and welcome.

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I'm Katty Kay in Washington

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and Christian Fraser is in London.

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Moscow - your move.

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The British Prime Minister Theresa

May has given Russia a day

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to respond to allegations

that it was behind the poisoning

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of a former Russian spy

and his daughter in Salisbury,

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England, eight days ago.

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If Moscow's response isn't credible,

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said the Prime Minister,

the incident would be deemed

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an unlawful use of force

against Britain and her government

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would take extensive,

as yet unspecified, measures.

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Mrs May told Parliament they'd been

poisoned with a military-grade nerve

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agent of a type developed by Russia.

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Our Diplomatic Correspondent

James Landale reports.

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Today, police continued to examine

the Salisbury home of Sergei

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Skripal, more than a week

after the former Russian

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intelligence officer

and his daughter were attacked with

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a nerve agent, a week

during which it has remained unclear

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who carried out the crime and wide.

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who carried out the crime and why.

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So, this morning

ministers gathered for a

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meeting of the National Security

Council, looking for answers.

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An update on the

investigation from the

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police and intelligence services

that would allow them and the Prime

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Minister to decide

what steps to take next.

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For some days, ministers have been

pushing Theresa May for

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a tougher response.

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This afternoon, she was clear

who she thought was

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responsible, and

what they should do.

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It is now clear that Mr Skripal

and his daughter were poisoned with

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a military grade nerve agent

of a type developed by Russia.

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It is part of a group of nerve

agents known as Novichok.

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Based on the analysis of world

leading experts at Porton Down,

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our knowledge that

Russia has previously

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produced this agent and

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would still be capable of doing so,

the Government has concluded that it

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is highly likely that Russia

was responsible for the act against

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Sergei and Yulia Skripal.

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She said the Foreign

Secretary had summoned

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the Russian ambassador

and told him he had

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until the end of tomorrow

to explain

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whether this was a direct

act by the Russian state

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or by others who now control

the nerve agent.

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Mr Speaker, this attempted murder

using a weapons grade nerve agent

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in a British town

was not just a crime

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against the Skripals,

it was

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an indiscriminate and reckless act

against the United Kingdom, putting

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the lives of innocent

civilians at risk.

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And we will not tolerate such

a brazen attempt to murder in

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And we will not tolerate such

a brazen attempt to murder

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innocent civilians on our soil.

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The Labour leader called

for tougher sanctions

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on oligarchs living

in London.

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We need to continue seeking a robust

dialogue with Russia on all

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the issues currently

dividing our countries,

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both domestic and international.

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Rather than simply cutting off

contact and letting the

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tensions and divisions get worse.

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Earlier today, before the statement,

President Putin was visiting an

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agricultural centre in southern

Russia and dismissed a question from

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the BBC's Steve Rosenberg.

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President Putin, BBC

News - is Russia behind

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the poisoning of Sergei Skripal?

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TRANSLATION:

We are dealing with

agriculture here, as you see, to

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create conditions for people's

lives, and you talk to me about some

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tragedies.

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First get to the bottom of it

there and then we will discuss

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this.

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But now that Russia has been blamed

officially for what happened

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in Salisbury, it has 24 hours

to decide how to respond.

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In the report there, you saw our

correspondent Steve Rosenberg. We

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have been speaking to him and I

asked if Moscow would be worried

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about what they heard in the British

Parliament today.

The biggest

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problem the British Government faces

here is the way it is perceived by

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the Kremlin. I think it is perceived

as pretty weak, Britain is perceived

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as quite weak, because Moscow here's

British politicians in Parliament

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criticising Russia, huffing and

puffing, but the Russians don't

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believe that Britain will blow the

house down, that will take strong

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measures against Moscow, so the key

question now is that if, come

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Wednesday, Britain could prove that

this was an act of state-sponsored

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force by Russia, what kind of

measures will Britain, perhaps

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together with her allies, take

against Moscow?

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Well let's get more from our chief

political correspondent Vicki Young.

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Some very strong words in the house

this afternoon. Theresa May's

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language suggests that just kicking

out a few diplomats isn't really

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going to cut it.

No, and she is

under a lot of pressure from any on

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her own side as well as others to do

more than that and I think the

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phrase it will not be business as

usual means that they are planning

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something more than that. We

understand that the Foreign

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Secretary Boris Johnson called in

the Russian ambassador this

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afternoon at about 3:45pm. His tone

was cool and firm, there was no

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handshake between the two of the man

the Foreign Secretary expressed the

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outrage felt by the British public

about the reckless disregard for

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public safety and as you say, the

Russians have until midnight

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tomorrow to give their response and

the British Government saying you

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either did directly target is or you

have lost control of this nerve

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agent and either of those scenarios

mean there will be some kind of

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extensive retaliation. The question

is whether it is a wholesale

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expulsion of diplomats from this

country, but I think Britain knows

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that really to have a powerful

impact, it has to work with its

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allies, so that means people in the

European Union, it means Nato, it

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means the United Nations, trying to

get allies onside to make Russia

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think again. One senior Conservative

MP said to me, when I said would

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President Putin care whatever we did

and he said in the end, this has got

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to be about the relationship we have

going forward. At the moment, it is

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an abusive relationship, Russia does

not respect Britain and we have to

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make them respect us.

KATTY: Vicki Young, thank you very

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much. I guess this is the question,

is the Prime Minister going to be

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successful in making this not just a

British issue but making it an

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international issue so she can get

allies on board to have a robust

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response.

CHRISTIAN: There are some obvious

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thing she can do in the UK, so there

are 99 companies listed on the

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British stock exchange, over 3,000

Russian students here, about £1.3

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billion worth of investment in

property that is of suspicious

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funds, according to transparency

International, so she can certainly

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target that side of things in the UK

but like you say, she will want this

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to be an international effort. Not

easy when you look at the Europeans,

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in Italy, the 5-star movement have

gone a bit soft on Russia, the

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Germans have not been inclined to

impose tough sanctions on Russia

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either and of course there is

Brexit, so they are not particularly

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enamoured with the UK at the moment.

There is though the collective

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defence principle within the

founding Treaty of Nato, article

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five, and there has been some

suggestion from ministers that that

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might be one way they would go.

KATTY: Then she faces the same

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problem she faces with the

Europeans, she would have to get the

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Americans on board to get some kind

of Nato response. Looking at the

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White House and President Trump,

that seems pretty far-fetched,

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doesn't it?

CHRISTIAN: Therein lies the problem

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because Donald Trump has not imposed

the sanctions that Congress has put

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in place itself and if he's not

going to do to protect American

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democracy, he's not going to do it

for British democracy, I don't know.

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But certainly they will be Nato,

battle with the next port of call.

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Twice before they have enacted

article five in recent years, one

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after 9/11 and one after the

annexation of Crimea in Ukraine, so

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we will have to see what kind of

action is taken.

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Imagine you make

a historic offer to sit

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down with a sworn enemy,

your press goes wild,

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your opponents are worried,

it's the headline on TV for hours

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and then you hear absolutely nothing

back from your adversary.

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Well, apparently that's

the position the President Trump

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now finds himself in.

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KATTY: Last week, he said he'd sit

down with Kim Jong-un

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and, since then, according to the US

Secretary of State, there's been

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silence from Pyongyang.

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Mr Tillerson also said no time nor

location has been set.

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Who knows?

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If it happens, if it

doesn't happen...

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I may leave fast or we make sit down

and make the greatest deal

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I may leave fast or we may sit down

and make the greatest deal

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for the world and for all of these

countries, including,

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frankly, North Korea,

that's what hope happens.

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frankly, North Korea,

that's what I hope happens.

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For more on the potential talks,

we are joined now by Joel Wit,

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a senior fellow at the US

Korea Institute

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at Johns Hopkins University.

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Thank you for coming in, what is

wrong with sitting down with Kim

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Jong-un, the things that America and

the Western tribe the last 30 or 40

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years, maybe this would?

I don't see

anything wrong with sitting down

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with Kim Jong-un, particularly at

this point of time and people forget

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that the past few months, we have

been worried about a military

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conflict on the Korean calendula, so

this is certainly a big change from

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that situation and I think we need

to give it a shot -- peninsular.

If

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there is a downside, it would

presumably be the photo opportunity

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Kim Jong-un might the man standing

next to Donald Trump would give his

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regime some kind of legitimacy?

Of

course, meeting with an American

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president is prestigious but at this

point, I think we need to get beyond

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the optics and get down to the

basics and the basics are that this

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is a very dangerous situation and a

meeting between the two leaders, if

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handled properly, could result in a

much different situation.

President

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Trump has thrust himself into a

fairly precarious diplomatic

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situation because of the

negotiations were to fail, then that

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would leave both sides with no room

for diplomacy.

Well, you are

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absolutely right. Having a summit

carries a lot of risks, so in the

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planning for the summit, the

administration needs to be thinking

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of different scenarios and one of

those is things don't work out

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exactly as it hopes, and so it needs

to put in place a plan to continue

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to move forward to talk to North

Korea, even some more, even if it is

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a failed summit.

It is a unique

opportunity and maybe Kim Jong-un is

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hoping that can be a pause in this

and he can pick it up of the talks

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fail, do you think that is what is

going on?

Of course, the North

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Koreans have been planning for this

for awhile and they have different

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options they will have laid out in

the planning process and I am sure

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there is a plan never what happens

if the summit fails and they can

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just keep moving forward with their

programmes.

If you had to stake your

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many years studying this issue and

your sizeable retirement fortune on

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whether Kim Jong-un is entirely

bluffing or whether this is a

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serious offer on his part, which way

would you go?

I think it's a serious

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offer. The North Koreans don't offer

a meeting with their leader lightly,

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and so I think they have thought

about this a lot, they know what

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they want to get out of the summit.

It may be different from what

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President Trump once.

That would

imply they are seriously prepared to

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give up their nuclear weapons.

I

think they are seriously prepared to

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consider a process of

denuclearisation. That doesn't mean

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it's going to happen overnight. It

will be an objective, long-term

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objective, of negotiations.

Thank

you very much for coming in.

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The British Parliament has

a problem with bullying

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and sexual harassment.

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And, too often, it is

the complainant that is

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removed from their job,

rather than the MP.

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Among those under scrutiny is the

Speaker of the House, John Bercow.

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KATTY: His former private

secretary, Kate Emms,

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told BBC Newsnight she had suffered

bullying while working

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for the Speaker in 2011

and was signed off sick suffering

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from post-traumatic stress disorder.

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Mr Bercow has refuted

the accusation.

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And more have come forward, with

further allegations about other MPs.

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He sort of manoeuvred me out

into the corridor and...

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..put his arms around me and...

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..kissed me on the lips and...

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I couldn't do anything about it.

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I couldn't force him off.

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I'd made a chocolate cake

and I was kneeling, putting,

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you know, the rest of the icing

on the cake and the MP in question,

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he came in and laughed and came

and stood right over me,

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I remember it being very

overbearingly close and him saying,

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"Right where you belong,

on your knees with

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"a face full of chocolate."

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So following those allegations by

Newsnight, the independent inquiry

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into the allegations of bullying

against staff in the Houses of

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Parliament is set to go ahead. The

leader of Parliament Andrea Leadsom

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said the issue should be

investigated.

I will propose that

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the inquiry should hear from past

and current staff members about

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their experiences and help to

provide them with closure wherever

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possible. I will also propose that

it should take soundings from

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current and former house staff on

whether the respect policy is fit

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for purpose and weather has staff

would be better served by having

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access to the new independent

complaints and grievance policy from

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day one. Mr Speaker, I am more

determined than ever that we banish

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all kinds of harassment and bullying

from this place because make no

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mistake, there is a need for change.

Strong words from Andrea Leadsom,

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who was responding on the part of

the Government.

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And earlier today, I asked

her for her reaction

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And this is what she told me.

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Very importantly, at the heart

of our investigations,

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was the need for confidentiality

for the individual complainant and,

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so, of course, what we are seeking

to achieve is for people to be able

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to come forward, not ending up

splashed all over the newspapers,

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not ending up sort of being further

bullied by people knowing that,

0:16:100:16:13

oh, you've just made

a complaint about someone,

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so confidentiality is absolutely key

to giving people the confidence

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to be able to come forward knowing

they will get a fair hearing

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but also really importantly

with this Independent

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complaints procedure

is there will be serious sanctions

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against anybody who is found guilty,

ranging from sort of

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lower-level sanctions,

apologies, training,

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etc, right up to dismissal,

to the recall of MPs act

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and that is absolutely vital,

so you got a whole process

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through that puts the complainant

at the heart of it.

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But just to be specific,

if the allegations are upheld

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against the Speaker

of the House John Bercow, should

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he be forced to go?

0:16:500:16:52

Well, we are working

on implementing our proposal

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as soon as possible.

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We are hoping to have pretty much

done it within three months from now

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and it will then be the case that

somebody with a complaint against,

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whether it is a Member

of Parliament, a peer,

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another member of house staff,

a journalist, etc, who works

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on the Parliamentary estate,

will be able to come forward and use

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that complaints procedure.

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You're the Commons leader,

responsible for arranging Government

0:17:170:17:19

business in the House of Commons.

0:17:190:17:21

There's a report in The Times today

that this parliament is the most

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inactive for at least 20 years.

0:17:240:17:27

Well, I just don't see

that at all, you know?

0:17:270:17:30

At the moment, we have 16

bills before Parliament.

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Six have already received Royal

assent, we have a huge amount

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of legislation to get through,

so there's all sorts of legislation

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that is coming forward at pace,

more to do, and my job is to see it

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all through and make sure that it

gets its final readings

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and its Royal assent.

0:17:490:17:50

It interesting you say that

because the Times quotes

0:17:500:17:53

an anonymous Tory MP who says,

"They hang around saying everything

0:17:530:17:55

"is going marvellously,

but then we don't have the numbers

0:17:550:17:58

"to vote on anything

so we all hugger off home "early

0:17:580:18:05

"to vote on anything

so we all hugger off home early

0:18:050:18:08

"and we come back tomorrow to do

it all again."

0:18:080:18:10

No, that is...

0:18:100:18:11

You know, we have taken our view

on some Opposition Day motions

0:18:110:18:14

that the Government chooses not

to vote on those, but in terms

0:18:140:18:17

of getting legislation through,

we are taking all of our bills

0:18:170:18:20

through at pace and of course

when you are in a situation

0:18:200:18:22

where you don't have a Government

majority for every bit

0:18:220:18:25

of legislation, you do need

to consult very carefully

0:18:250:18:27

and in detail with members

right across the house

0:18:270:18:29

to make sure that we take

into account their views and address

0:18:290:18:32

all of their concerns.

0:18:320:18:33

Very quickly on Brexit,

the European Council president

0:18:330:18:37

Donald Tusk and the French finance

minister who was here last

0:18:370:18:40

week were pretty blunt,

where they come about when it comes

0:18:400:18:44

week were pretty blunt,

weren't they, about when it comes

0:18:440:18:47

to financial services and the city

and I know you are very

0:18:470:18:49

interested in the city,

financial services won't be

0:18:490:18:51

part of a future deal.

0:18:510:18:53

So my own view on that is UK

financial services is the world

0:18:530:18:56

leading financial services Centre.

0:18:560:18:57

The United Kingdom is second

to New York and the other

0:18:570:18:59

competitors are Singapore and Hong

Kong.

0:18:590:19:01

You know, the European Union needs

access to UK financial services,

0:19:010:19:05

the whole sector employs

around two million people

0:19:050:19:13

in the United Kingdom,

ranging from Edinburgh

0:19:130:19:15

to Birmingham to Bournemouth,

0:19:150:19:16

as well as of course

the City of London.

0:19:160:19:18

It's a massive sector and whilst it

will be great if we can get a free

0:19:180:19:22

trade deal that includes financial

services, nevertheless,

0:19:220:19:23

the sector will thrive and survive

extremely well once we leave

0:19:230:19:26

the EU in 2019.

0:19:260:19:29

Well, they did talk about fisheries,

the coastal communities here are

0:19:290:19:33

worried you are going to sell them

out for financial services.

That is

0:19:330:19:38

absolutely not the case, there will

be huge opportunities for UK fishing

0:19:380:19:42

communities to rebuild, to have a

more thriving fishing community that

0:19:420:19:45

we used to have before we joined the

European Union. Definitely fisheries

0:19:450:19:50

has been an area that has suffered

as a result of our membership and I

0:19:500:19:53

look forward to being able to take

back control and be a coastal state

0:19:530:19:59

once again, to decide on access in

our own fishing waters and that's

0:19:590:20:06

going to be a huge advantage of

leaving the European Union.

Andrea

0:20:060:20:09

Leadsom. Christian, you have far too

much fun reading the quote from the

0:20:090:20:12

times, it was written all over your

face. Seriously, on Andrea Leadsom,

0:20:120:20:17

I have no doubt that both she and

Theresa May are concerned about the

0:20:170:20:20

issue of bullying and harassment in

Westminster but how urgently do you

0:20:200:20:23

think they are taking this? I didn't

detect in her answers to you really

0:20:230:20:29

forceful sense of urgency that this

has to right now.

0:20:290:20:33

CHRISTIAN: I think she has done a

lot of work on it, actually, but one

0:20:330:20:37

of the problems in Westminster at

the moment is that those clerks and

0:20:370:20:40

staff that are employed by

Parliament, under a different union

0:20:400:20:45

and are not covered by some of the

reforms she has pushed through for

0:20:450:20:47

those staff who work for MPs and she

has been saying we need one uniform

0:20:470:20:52

system across Westminster that

defends all people, because at the

0:20:520:20:55

moment, as we said in the

introduction, there is a feeling

0:20:550:20:59

that it into the complainant that is

forced out of a job and push towards

0:20:590:21:03

another job.

KATTY: So how long before this

0:21:030:21:07

investigation produces results and

the system changes?

0:21:070:21:10

CHRISTIAN: The interesting thing

will be, given the numbers in

0:21:100:21:14

Parliament, whether implications

here, if it is proven, and let's

0:21:140:21:17

reiterate the fact that John Bercow

has denied the accusations against

0:21:170:21:22

him, but if it is proven, would he

be forced to stand down? That I

0:21:220:21:25

suppose will be the test of the new

legislation. There are other MPs

0:21:250:21:31

facing allegations. We will have to

see if it has teeth but a house that

0:21:310:21:37

is so finely balanced, the last

thing they want is the Speaker being

0:21:370:21:39

removed from his job.

Let's have a look at news from

0:21:390:21:42

around the world.

0:21:420:21:43

In Nepal, at least 49 people have

been killed in a plane

0:21:430:21:47

crash in the capital,

Kathmandu.

0:21:470:21:47

The aircraft, belonging to a private

Bangladeshi carrier,

0:21:470:21:49

careered off the runway

at the international airport

0:21:490:21:51

and burst into flames.

0:21:510:21:52

There were 71 people

on board - 20 were rescued.

0:21:520:21:54

Top-flight football matches

are suspended in Greece,

0:21:540:21:56

after an armed football club owner

stormed the pitch.

0:21:560:22:03

Ivan Savvidis, the owner

of POEK Salonika,

0:22:030:22:05

was wearing a gun while running

onto the field in protest,

0:22:050:22:07

to confront a referee

who disallowed a last-minute goal.

0:22:070:22:10

Prosecutors are demanding

the owner's arrest.

0:22:100:22:15

Hubert de Givenchy, the French

fashion designer famous

0:22:150:22:17

for the "little black dress",

has died at the age of 91.

0:22:170:22:21

Givenchy styled the likes

of Audrey Hepburn

0:22:210:22:23

and Jackie Kennedy.

0:22:230:22:24

His creations were also popular

with the British Royal Family

0:22:240:22:27

and American socialites.

0:22:270:22:28

His partner says he died

in his sleep on Saturday.

0:22:280:22:32

The EU Parliament is

debating how an aide

0:22:320:22:38

to the European Commission President

was suddenly and quietly

0:22:380:22:40

promoted to one of the most senior

jobs in the EU civil service.

0:22:400:22:43

At a meeting in February,

Martin Selmayr was appointed

0:22:430:22:45

Deputy Secretary-General

of the Commission

0:22:450:22:46

and moments later,

he was made Secretary-General.

0:22:460:22:52

We don't shy away on this programme

from the tough questions,

0:22:570:23:00

however much we offend one side

of the argument.

0:23:000:23:02

But sometimes whether its the Trump

presidency or Brexit,

0:23:020:23:05

But sometimes whether it's the Trump

presidency or Brexit,

0:23:050:23:08

beliefs are bound so

tightly with identity,

0:23:080:23:09

there is precious little

room for compromise.

0:23:090:23:11

And so it is with this story.

0:23:110:23:15

CHRISTIAN: Cream teas.

0:23:150:23:17

The scone, the jam, the cream.

0:23:170:23:21

In what order should they go?

0:23:210:23:23

The National Trust,

namely the Lanhydrock

0:23:230:23:26

country house in Bodmin,

has run a publicity

0:23:260:23:29

campaign in which the scone

was photographed like this.

0:23:290:23:34

Sacrilegious.

0:23:390:23:40

With the jam on top of the cream!

0:23:400:23:42

And for those of you who don't know

- that is how the arch-enemy

0:23:420:23:45

does it in Devon, across the border,

0:23:450:23:47

across the Taymar.

0:23:470:23:48

In Cornwall, they do

it the right way -

0:23:480:23:53

So what they do is they get the

scone, they put the jam on liberally

0:23:530:24:00

like this and they smear it around

and then... I can't believe we've

0:24:000:24:05

got spray on cream, seriously, the

budget, where is the clotted cream?

0:24:050:24:10

You can take the boy out of Burnley,

honestly.

0:24:100:24:13

KATTY: I am just worried about your

type.

0:24:130:24:18

CHRISTIAN: That is the way they do

it and so infuriated with people in

0:24:180:24:22

Cornwall... Which camera are you

one? I got overtaken with the green

0:24:220:24:27

tea. So infuriated with people in

Cornwall, they started cancelling

0:24:270:24:31

their subscription to National

Trust.

0:24:310:24:34

KATTY: I completely agree, there are

some things people can have

0:24:340:24:39

difference of opinion about and we

should respect their opinions... I

0:24:390:24:42

can't believe you are eating. People

who put the cream on the scone first

0:24:420:24:46

are wrong, it is not a question of

whether there is room for

0:24:460:24:50

negotiation, they are wrong, right?

Finally, you and I have something we

0:24:500:24:54

can agree about.

CHRISTIAN: Quit while we are ahead,

0:24:540:24:58

is that the only thing we agree on,

whether it is jam cream?

0:24:580:25:04

KATTY: Christian grew up in the

north, I grew up in the Middle East,

0:25:040:25:09

we are clearly the best people in

the world to consult about cream

0:25:090:25:11

teas from the south-west.

CHRISTIAN: We do vanilla slices,

0:25:110:25:17

they will never let me back into

Devon. Anyway...

0:25:170:25:23

This is Beyond 100

Days from the BBC.

0:25:230:25:29

Coming up for viewers

on the BBC News Channel

0:25:300:25:32

and BBC World News...

0:25:320:25:35

Finish your scone! Unfair and

unjustified is how the EU describes

0:25:350:25:39

President Trump's proposed tariffs

on steel and aluminium. How will

0:25:390:25:45

Europe respond? And why this fly on

the wall documentary looking deep

0:25:450:25:49

inside an American police Department

is featuring at a human rights film

0:25:490:25:52

Festival. That is all still to come.

Give me five minutes and I will

0:25:520:25:55

finish these.

0:25:550:25:57

Good evening. Tomorrow is going to

be much drier day across the UK. It

0:26:090:26:13

has been quite a poor one today

across the bulk of England and

0:26:130:26:17

Wales, this weather watcher picture

from east Sussex being fairly

0:26:170:26:20

typical. Lots of cloud around, some

bands of rain and all wrapped around

0:26:200:26:24

an area of low pressure that is

drifting its way slowly eastwards

0:26:240:26:28

across England and Wales and as it

pushes away into the near continent,

0:26:280:26:32

so we should see much drier weather

returning overnight. Those downpours

0:26:320:26:36

lasting longest across East Anglia

and the and out towards the west, we

0:26:360:26:47

will see a finger of co-producing a

few spots of rain here and there.

0:26:470:26:50

Clearer skies coming into Northern

Ireland, temperatures down to two or

0:26:500:26:52

three degrees and elsewhere could

turn a bit misty and murky. That

0:26:520:26:54

will lived in the morning and we

will see sunshine developing in more

0:26:540:26:57

areas, not just Northern Ireland but

also Western Scotland, across Wales

0:26:570:27:00

and the western side of England as

the cloudy air drifts towards the

0:27:000:27:04

eastern side of the UK and there may

be one of two light showers but in

0:27:040:27:08

the most part, it will be drier than

today and temperatures perhaps a

0:27:080:27:12

degree or so higher, ten or 11 being

typical. There is milder air on the

0:27:120:27:18

whether the middle part of the week.

We have a low pressure area, a big

0:27:180:27:22

one, sitting out to the west of the

UK and it will push these bands of

0:27:220:27:25

cloud and rain towards our shores

but at the same time, ahead of that,

0:27:250:27:29

we are drawing in our air from

Iberia, milder air but to achieve

0:27:290:27:33

some decent temperatures, we need

some sunshine. Out towards the west,

0:27:330:27:37

it will be cloudy and windy with

gales around the coast and we could

0:27:370:27:40

see this rain coming into Western

areas later on. For many, it will be

0:27:400:27:45

a dry day, still quite windy and a

little sunshine coming through, so

0:27:450:27:49

temperatures as high as 13 or 14.

Some sunshine in the south-east

0:27:490:27:54

where we import some drier air, 50

not out of the question and feeling

0:27:540:27:59

more like spring. Roll things on a

few days towards the weekend, it

0:27:590:28:05

will feel very different, five the

maximum temperature and it will feel

0:28:050:28:08

a little more like winter. We have

these bands of rain coming in around

0:28:080:28:11

that area of low pressure, weakening

as they move across the UK but high

0:28:110:28:15

pressure will become more dominant

and that will mean that we draw in

0:28:150:28:18

an easterly wind by the time we get

into the weekend, so that easterly

0:28:180:28:22

wind is going to be a strong one and

it will feel colder and there will

0:28:220:28:26

be some snow showers, chiefly in the

east.

0:28:260:28:29

This is Beyond 100 Days, with me,

Katty Kay, in Washington -

0:30:090:30:13

Christian Fraser's in London.

0:30:130:30:14

Our top stories:

0:30:140:30:15

Theresa May summons

the Russian Ambassador

0:30:150:30:17

to explain who was responsible

for the poisoning of the former spy

0:30:170:30:20

Segei Skripal and his daughter.

0:30:200:30:22

Allegations of bullying

and sexual harrassment

0:30:220:30:24

within Westminster -

the Leader of the House tells

0:30:240:30:26

us what she is doing

to protect clerks and staff.

0:30:260:30:29

Coming up in the next half hour -

0:30:290:30:31

Donald Trump rows back his

commitment to gun controls

0:30:310:30:34

and says there's not much political

support for doing anything big.

0:30:340:30:37

Sparks aren't flying yet but the EU

Ambassador to Washington

0:30:370:30:40

tells me Europe's ready to respond

to President Trump's proposed steel

0:30:400:30:43

and aluminium tariffs.

0:30:430:30:51

If tariffs are imposed on European

exports, then indeed we will have to

0:30:510:30:55

protect the interests of our

industry in the way that we best see

0:30:550:30:57

fit.

0:30:570:30:59

Let us know your thoughts

by using the hashtag

0:30:590:31:02

#Beyond100Days.

0:31:020:31:03

#Beyond100Days.

0:31:030:31:09

Well, when it comes

to guns, Donald Trump

0:31:090:31:10

holds flexible positions.

0:31:100:31:12

Whether you see this

as pragmatic or unprincipled

0:31:120:31:14

probably reflects your view

of this unconventional president.

0:31:140:31:18

Mr Trump is now no longer

pushing to raise the age

0:31:180:31:21

limit on gun sales in the US -

an idea he championed

0:31:210:31:24

after the school shooting

in Parkland, Florida.

0:31:240:31:30

Now, the White House has this

watered-down plan to

0:31:300:31:32

fund programmes to train school

staff to use firearms,

0:31:320:31:36

encourage military veterans

and retired police officers

0:31:360:31:38

to become teachers,

0:31:380:31:40

and improve background

and mental health checks.

0:31:400:31:44

Ron Christie - former advisor

to president George W Bush

0:31:440:31:46

- is with us now.

0:31:460:31:53

President Trump made a big thing

about how you shouldn't be afraid of

0:31:530:31:57

the NRA, then it seems to me he met

the NRA and now he is wrote back his

0:31:570:32:01

proposals. Where does he stand on

guns?

I think President Trump is or

0:32:010:32:06

he believes in the right of the

second Amendment but he really

0:32:060:32:10

wanted to get this increase in age

from 18 to 21, white? I was on the

0:32:100:32:15

phone with senior officials on the

White House and they say President

0:32:150:32:19

Trump wants to be seen as active and

vigorous in doing something, but he

0:32:190:32:23

doesn't want to take on Republican

supporters or the NRA, he thought

0:32:230:32:26

this would be a losing issue for

him.

Hence the watered-down thing.

0:32:260:32:30

Stay with us, we will wanted to talk

about someone else in a second. --

0:32:300:32:36

talk about something else.

0:32:360:32:39

It's one of the states that helped

deliver the White House

0:32:390:32:42

for Donald Trump, but, right now,

a bitter congressional fight

0:32:420:32:44

is underway in Pennsylvania.

0:32:440:32:45

A special election

will be held on Tuesday

0:32:450:32:47

and the polls are razor tight.

0:32:470:32:48

Democrats are hoping it will be

the beginning of a blue wave

0:32:480:32:51

that will create momentum

for November's midterm elections.

0:32:510:32:53

But Republicans are

fighting to keep the seat.

0:32:530:32:55

The BBC's Mat Morrison went

to hear from the voters.

0:32:550:33:00

Hi, Doug, would you mind if I could

sign in your garden?

It's not even

0:33:000:33:04

close to November but you wouldn't

know it in his Pennsylvania

0:33:040:33:07

district. Campaigning is in full. As

President Trump is just the latest

0:33:070:33:15

to add his star power to the race.

The world is watching. They are all

0:33:150:33:20

watching. Because I won this

district by 22 points. It's a lot.

0:33:200:33:25

That is why I'm here. The get all

those Red Hat 's! -- look at all

0:33:250:33:31

those Red Hats.

Meanwhile at the

Democratic Rally... Go out and make

0:33:310:33:39

sure he wins. Former vice president

and Pennsylvania native was trying

0:33:390:33:43

to rally his troops.

I love what he

said, it is what everyone here

0:33:430:33:50

feels.

Vice President Biden speaks

to the working class in this region,

0:33:500:33:54

it is a blue-collar region and he's

a blue-collar guy.

In the final days

0:33:540:33:59

of the race, the polls point to a

toss-up between the Republican and

0:33:590:34:05

Democrat. Canavan is 33, which in

itself is a surprise -- and the 33

0:34:050:34:13

rolled. The toss-up is itself

surprise.

There is a single issue,

0:34:130:34:19

which is President Trump. If you are

dissatisfied with the course of an

0:34:190:34:25

Sturgeon that you taking this

country -- and direction that he's

0:34:250:34:28

taking this country and, this is

your chance to stand up and say

0:34:280:34:30

something about that.

The eyes of

the world are on this race. The eyes

0:34:300:34:35

of the nation are up on this race

because people do see this as a

0:34:350:34:40

referendum on Donald Trump. Is he

doing a good job? And I hope and

0:34:400:34:44

pray that the voters realise it

isn't about one seat. It's about the

0:34:440:34:50

ways for the whole mid-term

election.

This is the first

0:34:500:34:55

congressional race since the school

shooting, but surprisingly, gun

0:34:550:34:59

control is not a driving factor.

Neither candidate supports measures

0:34:590:35:03

like banning assault rifles. And

it's the Democratic candidate who

0:35:030:35:07

even played up his pro-gun

credentials.

Spent four years in the

0:35:070:35:15

Marines and still love to shoot.

He

teaches self defence classes outside

0:35:150:35:21

a pet bird and is also a cop. --

this man teaches self defence

0:35:210:35:26

crosses.

We get a lot of people who

are scared bare-bones will be taken

0:35:260:35:32

away, oh, I have this mother Monica

I'd better buy a gun before the

0:35:320:35:38

politicians take them away.

It is

more about the economy. And whoever

0:35:380:35:46

wins will be seen as a harbinger of

things to come.

0:35:460:35:53

Wrong, how significant would it be

if the Democrats win this seat that

0:35:530:35:57

trumpeted by 20 points, you said 20

do, it is actually 20?

It will be a

0:35:570:36:01

huge referendum on the president and

his administration. He has made this

0:36:010:36:05

race about Donald Trump. We saw him

on Saturday campaigning vigorously,

0:36:050:36:09

speaking about his accomplishments.

If this Republican goes down in at

0:36:090:36:16

strong Republican district, this is

an early referendum on Donald Trump.

0:36:160:36:19

This is a campaign style rally in

Pennsylvania, I wanted to ask you

0:36:190:36:24

about this, at one point Donald

Trump said this about regular

0:36:240:36:28

presidents. Take a listen.

0:36:280:36:33

I'm very presidential.

0:36:330:36:35

Ladies and gentlemen, thank you for

being here tonight.

0:36:350:36:38

Rick Saccone will be

a great, great congressman.

0:36:380:36:44

He will help me very much.

0:36:440:36:46

He's a fine man.

0:36:460:36:55

You work for former President, what

do you think?

I think the club is

0:36:550:37:00

having the time of his life. Some of

the restricted staff put on have

0:37:000:37:06

been taken away committee is having

a good old time. I wonder if his 44

0:37:060:37:09

predecessors in office would have

had the same view and the same

0:37:090:37:11

reaction that he did.

He is having

fun at the moment, last week, he was

0:37:110:37:19

his own chief of staff, his chief

strategist, I don't know how the

0:37:190:37:24

keeping up with him, maybe they've

just thrown up their hands in the

0:37:240:37:29

air.

Is on the phone with the White

House this morning and they say, we

0:37:290:37:32

refer you to the President'stweet

you may have seen, and I'm like,

0:37:320:37:36

don't we have a communications

office, a press office, a normal

0:37:360:37:39

White House hierarchic was Mike

know, we have Donald Trump as my

0:37:390:37:43

Twitter that they are trying to keep

track of and it is unbelievable to

0:37:430:37:49

watch him on and our buyer basis.

I

want to get your thoughts are more

0:37:490:37:55

serious note. The press secretary

was speaking in the last few minutes

0:37:550:38:00

and she has called the poisoning in

Britain and outrage and said this,

0:38:000:38:04

the United States would continue to

stand side by side with Britain. The

0:38:040:38:09

point we were making before you

arrived was, how are they going to

0:38:090:38:14

stand side by side with Britain?

President Trump, of course, has not

0:38:140:38:16

permitted the sections that Congress

had already passed. -- implemented

0:38:160:38:22

the sanctions.

Of course,

implications of Russia will turn the

0:38:220:38:29

focus and attention on Trump. So

Theresa May had a proper response

0:38:290:38:34

earlier today, giving Russia the

chance to own up to this or not, but

0:38:340:38:37

whatever it is that the UK decides

to do, I think Donald Trump needs to

0:38:370:38:41

be forceful and stand side by side

with her but it only underlines and

0:38:410:38:44

underscores as I said a second ago

the fact that Donald Trump and his

0:38:440:38:48

inability to impose sanctions on

Russia was authorised on expediency

0:38:480:38:51

than it was to do the best thing for

the US.

Clearly what the UK would

0:38:510:38:55

like to do is make this an

international issue, possibly even

0:38:550:39:00

invoking Nato, for some kind of

response. But given that President

0:39:000:39:05

Trump finds it so difficult to

criticise President Putin and

0:39:050:39:10

Russia, comedy really see this White

House is standing by the UK and

0:39:100:39:13

responding to Russia in a forceful

way? -- do you really see?

I think

0:39:130:39:17

they will say, but actions speak

louder than words, and with Putin,

0:39:170:39:22

the one thing he understands his

action and we have not seen Donald

0:39:220:39:26

Trump do anything against Martin

repeated at this point and I don't

0:39:260:39:28

think this will be the case.

--

against

Vladimir Britain.

0:39:280:39:41

The EU are not happy about Donald

Trump's plan to impose luncheon on

0:39:410:39:51

steel -- Caris on steel and

aluminium. He responded...

0:39:510:39:53

And just a brief time ago,

I spoke with the David O'Sullivan -

0:40:020:40:05

the EU's Ambassador to the US,

who joined us from Austin, Texas.

0:40:050:40:10

Ambassador, the EU Trade

Commissioner has said

0:40:100:40:11

that the European Union

is going to stand up

0:40:110:40:13

to trade bullies.

0:40:130:40:16

Is the Trump administration

becoming a trade bully?

0:40:160:40:19

I think we have a disagreement

with this administration

0:40:190:40:21

over the issue of steel

and aluminium tariffs.

0:40:210:40:24

We think the proposed imposition

of those tariffs on European company

0:40:240:40:27

is unfair and not justified.

0:40:270:40:32

And if the tariffs are eventually

impose, we will react

0:40:320:40:35

as we feel appropriate.

0:40:350:40:37

We hope that this will not happen,

there's a possibility

0:40:370:40:39

of an exception for certain

countries and that's

0:40:390:40:42

the channel we're going to work

in the immediate future.

0:40:420:40:44

Right, but the European Union has

not been mentioned necessarily

0:40:440:40:51

in those exemptions.

0:40:510:40:53

In fact, the president on Saturday

and again this morning tweeted

0:40:530:40:56

in ways that made it sound

like he was not happy

0:40:560:40:58

with the European Union,

he says the European Union has large

0:40:580:41:01

tariffs and barriers

against the United States.

0:41:010:41:03

If you don't get an exemption,

will the EU retaliate

0:41:030:41:05

against American products?

0:41:050:41:08

If the proposed steel

and aluminium tariffs are imposed

0:41:080:41:10

on European exports,

then yes, we will use our rights

0:41:100:41:14

under the World Trade Organisation

to impose rebalancing tariffs

0:41:140:41:18

on American exports.

0:41:180:41:26

We hope that won't be the case.

0:41:260:41:28

I know that the president has made

some critical remarks

0:41:280:41:31

about the European Union.

0:41:310:41:34

We don't share the

President's perspective.

0:41:340:41:36

I don't think it's fair

to characterise the European Union

0:41:360:41:41

as protectionist or posing barriers

to American exports.

0:41:410:41:43

We are one of the largest trading

economies in the world

0:41:430:41:45

and we are one of the most open

and we trade enormously

0:41:450:41:48

with the United States.

0:41:480:41:49

But if that's a conversation

that the president wants to have,

0:41:490:41:52

I think he should hold it

with European interlocutors,

0:41:520:41:54

President Juncker of

the European Commission,

0:41:540:42:00

we can continue that conversation.

0:42:010:42:03

But on the immediate issue

of tariffs, we are pursuing

0:42:030:42:08

the avenue of a possible exemption

for the European Union.

0:42:080:42:11

Failing which, we will

reserve rights under

0:42:110:42:12

the World Trade Organisation.

0:42:120:42:13

Would the President's proposed

measures against European steel

0:42:130:42:18

and aluminium exports to America

actually have a material impact

0:42:180:42:20

on European producers?

0:42:200:42:21

I think Germany is only something

like 3% of America's

0:42:210:42:23

total imports of steel.

0:42:240:42:25

We're actually the largest exporter

of steel to the United States,

0:42:250:42:28

the second-largest by volume

and the largest by value.

0:42:280:42:30

So total European Union exports

of steel are quite important.

0:42:300:42:38

The total value of those exports

is around $8 billion.

0:42:380:42:40

That's the value of the European

exports which would be

0:42:400:42:43

affected by these tariffs

if they are imposed.

0:42:430:42:45

So it's not an

inconsiderable amount.

0:42:450:42:46

So it would have an impact

on European countries, then?

0:42:460:42:48

It would very much have an impact

on European companies

0:42:480:42:51

and we of course feel obliged

to protect their interests.

0:42:510:42:53

I'm going through the list of things

the EU has talked about in terms

0:42:530:42:57

of retaliatory measures,

bourbon from Kentucky,

0:42:570:42:58

Harley-Davidsons which come

from Wisconsin, orange juice

0:42:580:43:01

which comes from Florida,

these are all very important states

0:43:010:43:04

in American politics,

as you know.

0:43:040:43:05

Is this a political gesture

that the EU is proposing?

0:43:050:43:09

The commission has proposed

an indicative list, this has been

0:43:090:43:12

discussed with the member states,

and in choosing the products,

0:43:120:43:15

of course you always look at those

which will have the maximum

0:43:150:43:18

impact in terms of

the effect desired.

0:43:180:43:20

So we will see...

0:43:200:43:21

Impact politically, you mean?

0:43:210:43:25

Also economically,

because the desire is to send

0:43:250:43:28

a message that the damage inflicted

on European exports will be

0:43:280:43:30

reciprocated in terms of having

an impact on American exports.

0:43:300:43:36

I want to emphasise, though,

that this is not where we want to be

0:43:360:43:39

and we hope that we will not have

to take this forward.

0:43:390:43:41

If there is going to be a trade

war, just to be clear,

0:43:410:43:44

the European Union will fight back?

0:43:450:43:47

I really don't think it would be

right to characterise

0:43:470:43:49

this as a trade war.

0:43:490:43:53

We sincerely hope that it is

possible to have a dialogue

0:43:530:43:56

and to come out of this situation

without tariffs being

0:43:560:43:58

imposed on either side.

0:43:580:44:00

That is our objective.

0:44:000:44:03

If that is not the case

and if tariffs are imposed

0:44:030:44:06

on European exports,

then indeed, we will have to protect

0:44:060:44:08

the interests of our industry

in the way that we best see fit.

0:44:080:44:11

Thank you very much for joining me.

0:44:120:44:13

You're very welcome, thank you.

0:44:130:44:19

Pretty forthright on this, when it

comes to retaliation. The big

0:44:190:44:24

question is whether imposing tariffs

on the guise of national security,

0:44:240:44:30

whether that works or indeed whether

Donald Trump wants to work with the

0:44:300:44:35

WTO, he said to Congress, I don't

believe the WTO is setup to deal

0:44:350:44:40

with a country like China and

industrial policy and they think

0:44:400:44:44

they are biased against the United

States.

0:44:440:44:48

The president, all through his

campaign and his presidency, has

0:44:480:44:50

made it clear that he does not like

big, multilateral deals will stop he

0:44:500:44:56

prefers unilateral deals. He feels

that America has got the bad end of

0:44:560:45:00

the stick when it comes to lots of

different countries and getting tied

0:45:000:45:04

up in those WTO type deals. I

suspect if he had a magic wand, he

0:45:040:45:08

would love to which the WTO are and

do things one on one, which he feels

0:45:080:45:13

he can control it, he can either win

for America anyway that he wants to.

0:45:130:45:19

Let's see if the European Union gets

some kind of... I wonder whether

0:45:190:45:26

these tariffs haven't become part of

a broader negotiating tactics rather

0:45:260:45:29

than a clear set of punishments

against specific countries, I think

0:45:290:45:32

we will see a lot of wiggle room on

these tariffs before they are

0:45:320:45:35

announced.

Let's have a look at some other

0:45:350:45:38

news.

0:45:380:45:41

The BBC has accused

Iran of collectively

0:45:410:45:42

punishing its Persian Service

journalists for the work they do

0:45:420:45:45

reporting on the country's affairs.

0:45:450:45:46

The allegation was made

as the BBC launched

0:45:460:45:48

an unprecedented appeal to the UN

Human Rights Council,

0:45:480:45:50

demanding that its employees'

rights be protected.

0:45:500:45:52

More than 20 Persian Service

staff and their families

0:45:520:45:54

have had death threats.

0:45:540:45:55

Iran has denied the

allegations of harassment.

0:45:550:45:56

Five people have died

after a helicopter crashed into

0:45:560:45:59

New York's East River last night.

0:45:590:46:00

Amateur footage captured

the moment the aircraft

0:46:000:46:02

descended into the water.

0:46:020:46:03

Emergency services raced

to the scene but only

0:46:030:46:05

the pilot survived.

0:46:050:46:07

It's understood the passengers

were travelling to a photo shoot.

0:46:070:46:17

The so-called book keeper of

Auschwitz has died at the age of 96.

0:46:200:46:24

He was responsible for counting

belongings confiscated from

0:46:240:46:26

prisoners. He was one of the last

people to be convicted of crimes in

0:46:260:46:30

the Nazi genocide. He was in

hospital when he died and get to

0:46:300:46:33

begin his sentence.

0:46:330:46:37

French President Emmanuel Macron

is in India meeting

0:46:370:46:39

Prime Minister Narendra Modi.

0:46:390:46:40

The two leaders took a boat trip

on the Ganges river,

0:46:400:46:43

in the Hindu holy city of Varanasi

on the last day of the French

0:46:430:46:46

President's three-day state visit.

0:46:460:46:47

Earlier, they jointly opened

and new solar power plant built

0:46:470:46:49

by a French company.

0:46:490:46:52

This is Beyond 100 Days.

0:46:520:46:54

Still to come...

0:46:540:47:01

Back-up. You ain't sending known to

the hospital.

The US police force is

0:47:010:47:07

struggling to gain trust of the

community, we speak to the

0:47:070:47:12

film-makers who spent two years of

the Oakland police force.

0:47:120:47:17

Sir Ken Dodd - one

of the most popular

0:47:170:47:20

entertainers of his time -

has died at the age of 90.

0:47:200:47:22

He was a man who brought happiness

and tears of laughter to thousands

0:47:220:47:26

of people with his legendary live

performances during his career

0:47:260:47:28

which spanned 63 years.

0:47:280:47:29

Sir Ken died yesterday in Liverpool

in the house where he was born

0:47:290:47:32

with his partner of 40 years

by his side.

0:47:320:47:35

David Sillito looks back

at his colourful life.

0:47:350:47:38

The tickling sticks,

the wild hair and surreal flights

0:47:380:47:40

of fancy were only a part of it.

0:47:400:47:44

Ken Dodd was a torrent of jokes.

0:47:440:47:47

His shows would often end

in the early hours of the morning.

0:47:470:47:53

Geronimo!

0:47:530:47:59

Offstage, he was very private,

but one of his close

0:47:590:48:01

circle of friends was his joke

writer, John Martin.

0:48:010:48:09

I always say writing

jokes for Ken Dodd was

0:48:090:48:12

almost like being asked to mix

the paints for van Gogh,

0:48:120:48:14

it was that big an honour.

0:48:140:48:19

It's Doddy!

0:48:190:48:20

How are you diddling?!

0:48:200:48:26

Comedians have been lining up to pay

tribute.

0:48:260:48:30

Ladies and gentlemen,

please welcome Ken Dodd!

0:48:300:48:32

When he walked on, the place used

to go up and he hadn't

0:48:320:48:35

even said anything!

0:48:350:48:36

Now, that doesn't happen very often!

0:48:360:48:39

How tickled we were!

0:48:390:48:41

How tickled we are!

0:48:410:48:44

He would fire the gags out at you!

0:48:440:48:53

And was his partner of 40 years,

they got married just three days

0:48:530:48:56

ago.

0:48:560:48:59

I've been overwhelmed by the love

and affection which I've

0:48:590:49:02

already received from dear

friends and the public.

0:49:020:49:03

And I thank you all for being here.

0:49:030:49:10

He was one of the last

links to music hall.

0:49:100:49:12

Ken Dodd - it really

is the end of an era.

0:49:120:49:22

You're watching beyond 100 days.

0:49:270:49:30

While gun control is

back in the spotlight,

0:49:300:49:32

the issue of policing in US is also,

once again highlighted.

0:49:320:49:35

A new documentary film, The Force,

currently featured in the the Human

0:49:350:49:38

Rights Watch Film Festival

in London, presents

0:49:380:49:39

a fly-on-the-wall look deep

inside the long-troubled

0:49:390:49:41

Oakland Police Department as it

struggles to confront

0:49:410:49:43

federal demands for reform.

0:49:430:49:45

Let's take a look at a small

highlight of the film,

0:49:450:49:47

before we bring in the director,

Peter Nicks.

0:49:470:49:51

One police officer can

affect the credibility

0:49:510:49:54

of a department, of a city.

0:49:540:49:56

One police officer.

0:49:560:49:58

It can have an impact

on this whole country.

0:49:580:50:01

This police department has a history

that we have to own up to.

0:50:010:50:05

It's our legacy.

0:50:050:50:08

I don't want bad cops, period.

0:50:080:50:11

This is the fourth shooting in two

months from the Oakland police

0:50:110:50:14

department of black men.

0:50:140:50:17

Don't nobody know the story.

0:50:170:50:24

Oakland, California's

police force is really...

0:50:240:50:28

Officers allegedly engaging

in sexual misconduct...

0:50:280:50:30

Talk about a bombshell.

0:50:300:50:33

As the Mayor of Oakland,

I am here to run the police

0:50:330:50:36

department, not a frat house.

0:50:360:50:38

How can we stay in our houses?

0:50:380:50:40

How can we stay safe?

0:50:400:50:42

They covered up corruption.

0:50:420:50:45

Who you going to be?

0:50:450:50:47

Are you going to be the cop

that people talk about,

0:50:470:50:52

the dirty cop that does things

that he shouldn't do?

0:50:520:50:54

What's your legacy going to be?

0:50:540:51:00

We're joined now by The Force's

director, Peter Nicks.

0:51:000:51:05

Great to have you.

Thanks for having

me.

It looks like a good watch. The

0:51:050:51:13

Oakland police Department came

famous on this side of the Atlantic

0:51:130:51:16

after the murder, or the shooting,

of Iman from Missouri who spawned

0:51:160:51:23

the Barclays matter movement. Do you

think in the time since then things

0:51:230:51:28

have changed any? -- the shooting of

a man which spawned the Black Lives

0:51:280:51:36

Matter movement.

I think the trust

has been broken. If you go back to

0:51:360:51:40

the origin of Black Panthers, that

goes back to the Oakland police

0:51:400:51:44

departments.

In the 1960s.

Yes. And

the Black Lives Matter movement

0:51:440:51:50

emerged from the Oakland police

department, there is a deep distrust

0:51:500:51:53

and I don't get will change

overnight but this is a monumental

0:51:530:51:57

turning point in that relationship.

What it reveals from the little I've

0:51:570:52:00

seen is the gulf between how the see

themselves and how they are viewed

0:52:000:52:05

by the public. -- how the policemen

see themselves.

That is the point of

0:52:050:52:09

the perspective and part of the

reason why we approached this only

0:52:090:52:12

way we did, which is to going with

an objective eye and say we want to

0:52:120:52:16

bring the audience into the

experience and perspective of both

0:52:160:52:19

police and activists, or just the

community, these are two sites that

0:52:190:52:23

don't really share meaningful way

there story of history and that

0:52:230:52:28

creates that divide and makes it

worse.

Heater you have made... Yet

0:52:280:52:33

made the film with a really

concerted effort not to take sides

0:52:330:52:38

in what is a very raw story here in

the United States. But did you come

0:52:380:52:42

to the conclusion after two years

with the Oakland police department

0:52:420:52:46

that this is an organisational issue

or is this down to people and

0:52:460:52:52

people, you know, not acting with

the best interests of their

0:52:520:52:55

communities at heart?

The film is

the second in a trilogy of films

0:52:550:53:00

that we are making about this one

community. With the examining the

0:53:000:53:04

underpinnings of all the problems

that press on the resources of

0:53:040:53:08

public institutions, whether it is

health care, our first film was

0:53:080:53:12

about access to health care,

criminal justice, education, look at

0:53:120:53:15

the education system and the

problems educators face in trying to

0:53:150:53:18

bring people about of what was

really a story or poverty. So the

0:53:180:53:23

police, they confront the

consequences of failed education

0:53:230:53:29

policy, feel policies that really

should support the community. If you

0:53:290:53:35

take out all the bad apples in a

department, and there is a

0:53:350:53:38

Department of culture and the

Department of problem that we are

0:53:380:53:41

examining, you're still going to

have those underlying problems. So

0:53:410:53:46

the film is underlining couple of

things, the need for oversight, we

0:53:460:53:50

need oversight in these departments

and do we need a new model for

0:53:500:53:55

community safety? Do we need a new

model for the underpinnings of

0:53:550:54:00

community and democracy?

You spent

so much time with the police force,

0:54:000:54:03

that is the one thing that perplexed

me, given that they please force

0:54:030:54:06

that is already under the spotlight

and probably expecting the

0:54:060:54:11

criticism, why would they go out and

let your ride with the officers,

0:54:110:54:14

sitting on the dispute, going to the

meetings with senior officers and

0:54:140:54:17

politicians? Why did they want that

sort of exposure?

I think they

0:54:170:54:21

really felt they had a story to tell

and one of the things I told them

0:54:210:54:24

initially when we were kind to gain

access, we have lots of meetings

0:54:240:54:28

with city officials, the Mayor, the

police chief, trying to articulate

0:54:280:54:31

why you wanted to make this film.

And we told them we can't control

0:54:310:54:35

what happens. We are going to spend

a good amount of time, not just

0:54:350:54:39

parachute in and out. They felt they

were making progress. And that story

0:54:390:54:43

wasn't being told and they wanted

that story to be told.

We are almost

0:54:430:54:47

out of time, good to have you in the

studio. Where can we see the Foulds

0:54:470:54:50

it is on a net flex and is in the

human rights watch from Festival in

0:54:500:54:55

London. -- it is on Netfli. --

Netflix.

0:54:550:55:06

Edinburgh Zoo has

suspended its giant

0:55:060:55:07

panda breeding programme.

0:55:070:55:08

The zoo says that Tian

Tian and Yang Guang

0:55:080:55:10

will not be bred this year.

0:55:100:55:12

Tian Tian has failed

to produce a cub six times

0:55:120:55:14

since moving to the Scottish

zoo in 2011.

0:55:140:55:18

It has bamboozled zookeepers.

Netflix... -- Bamboo-zled...

0:55:180:55:32

Zoo officials say they want to make

enhancements to the giant

0:55:320:55:35

panda enclosure before

attempting future breeding.

0:55:350:55:38

It I think there is pressure on

expectant mothers...

0:55:380:55:45

You've got it all wrong! The

pressure is on the man in this

0:55:450:55:49

relationship. This is a story about

panda performance anxiety.

0:55:490:55:55

Who knows? We will leave you with

that thought. It will be back the

0:55:550:56:00

same

0:56:000:56:00