15/07/2017 Click - Short Edition


15/07/2017

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This is Adam Jensen, star of the video game

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Set in 2027, the poor chap has to undergo extensive

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cybernetic modifications after being severely injured.

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Well, just ten years before those events might occur,

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that plot line doesn't seem that far off.

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For years now people have been body hacking,

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giving themselves extra abilities and, as our understanding

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of robotics has advanced, so has our creativity.

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Like the cyborg in the video game, he too has a bionic eye.

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It doesn't have Terminator vision like this, yet,

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Inside a prosthetic eye, which is an odd shape,

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they're not a sphere, a prosthetic eye, they're actually

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Inside that is a battery, a video camera and a video

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transmitter all attached to a circuit board so they can

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The camera is turned on and off with a magnet.

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It doesn't look at all comfortable, is it in anyway comfortable?

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The first configuration that looks the most uncomfortable,

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it looks like a '90s iMac, you can see all the goods inside.

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Like the battery and the wires, but that's covered by smooth

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I don't have open wires and batteries, you know.

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That kind of made my stomach drop a little bit when I saw that.

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Rob damaged his eye when he was nine and in 2009 began exploring

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As a film-maker himself, he was fascinated with the idea

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It's like an absurd toy for a one-eyed film-maker.

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I used to watch the Bionic Man when I was a kid, the $6 Million

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I had the action figure, you looked through the back of his head,

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I was looking at my Nokia flip phone at the time I was like -

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That's in fact who I called, I called Nokia.

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They said - well, we'll call the camera module people in China.

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It's very small, it's very challenging.

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It does visual dropouts, which is the visual language

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of all video from the future, including Princess Leia

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Since the initial prototype, Rob and his engineers have gone

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He now has one eye that glows red when it films and another camera eye

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I get calls from and emails from moms whose kid has just lost

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an eye, because it's some sort of fun thing to show a kid this

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maniac running around on videos and glowing

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red eye cameras and stuff. It's fun for them to look at that.

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They're now looking working on ways to transfer the technology to other

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We're doing 3D scans of those now and then that creates a space that

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you can take into software to map on the technology that we're

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Some people golf, I like to make fake eye cameras and, you know,

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UAE, that will go down well with users. Step aside, here is with

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Khalifa, taking the coveted crown of most watched YouTube clip it has

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been viewed a staggering... 2.9 billion times. Elon musk launched

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the new all electric Tesla model three. A pricetag of $35,000 it is

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supposed to be more affordable than their previous effort which cost 200

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grand. Rival automobile company has scrapped its plans to build a

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billion-dollar factory in the US state of Nevada. This leaves a big

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question mark over than launch next year of the new model. No, this is

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not a digital version of the Ministry of silly walks but this is

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Google 's deep mined attempting to learn how to walk. The research has

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been conducted in virtual environments that one day it should

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help robots learn how to navigate complex spaces. And, finally, a

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former NASA scientist to build a super soaker, giant sized. It is so

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big you will at least see him coming.

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Almost everyone in the world who works pays tax on the money

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they earn, but at this restaurant in San Francisco there

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are no waiting staff and robots plate the food.

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That work is currently not taxable and politician Jane Kim is now

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looking into how this is changing the city's economy.

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So what we're seeing is after automation that you can

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hire less people in order to deliver products maybe quicker

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But it's one of the questions that we have, it's true this

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is really convenient, but at what cost?

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It's not just restaurants, this picture is now seen across the city,

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from hotels and hospitals to the latest addition

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to the autonomous family, self-driving cars.

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Policy makers have noticed, every time a robot takes human job,

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The research is showing us that jobs are going to get lost over the next

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ten years and if before the Great Depression

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we could have predicted what would come afterwards,

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if government could have prepared for the job loss that occurred,

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That is the level at which we are looking at potentially

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over the next ten years, in terms of job loss

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Estimations of how many jobs will be wiped out vary widely

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from study to study, but a recent report especially has

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It's estimated that robots will replace 37% of jobs

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in the United States by the early 2030s.

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So the biggest concern is mass job displacement,

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lack of true, meaningful, high wage work.

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We are already seeing a decrease of that in San Francisco

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where we have the fastest growing income gap in the country

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and a wealth gap that is akin to the country of Rwanda,

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accord to our own human services agency data

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and so we have a shrinking middle-class and we have this

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growing imminent threat that many of our meaningful,

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working-class and even middle-class jobs may go away

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At Cafe X, again a human worker has been replaced by a robot.

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An Americano with milk, served by a robot.

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Now, the human has a different role, advising on coffee beans and showing

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customers how to use the tablet to operate the robot.

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The owner is not sure about the idea of a tax on the replacement.

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I guess I find it a little odd because what robots are supposed

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That means it allows a shift in labour from doing highly

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repetitive, low productivity tasks to more useful things.

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So in order to have this machine operate, there has to be a lot

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of engineers on software, hardware and manufacturing to build

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Jobs like this require training and that's what Supervisor Kim wants

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If you're a childcare worker or you're an in home

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support services worker, working with a senior

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or individual with disability, you often work three or four hours

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So one of the ideas was, why not tax robots and invest

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in these poverty jobs and make them truly living wage

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This would mean a robot tax potentially subsidising low paying,

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but essential jobs, so that the human employees

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Currently, many people are working but not earning enough to live,

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leading several politicians around the world to float the idea

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This would be expensive for governments and Supervisor Kim

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is suggesting an automation tax could be a solution.

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If there's one thing that San Francisco is known for,

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it's leading the conversation on technology and innovation,

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but as harder and harder questions are asked about automation

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and what this really means for people's jobs it seems

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appropriate that this city, which has added so much

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to the problem, is also grappling with what could be the solution.

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But the rise of robotic workers is playing out on a global scale

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and San Francisco is not the only place trying to lead

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In the EU, a proposal to tax robots was voted down earlier in the year

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and one of the Commissioners who did so says robots will create more

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They are worried because they say robots they will take their jobs,

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Progress always created more jobs than progress used to destroy.

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The train is moving and speed is high and now it's up to us to be

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on that train or to stay and to wave to the leaving train.

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Concerns about automation replacing human jobs has been felt sense

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the Industrial Revolution and more recently workers in

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the manufacturing industry have seen jobs disappear

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As the issue of a robot tax begins to spread further,

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a fundamental question still needs to be answered -

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In the context of robots of course automation is much broader

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They gave this definition more than 100 years ago.

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Politicians can no longer ignore the robots creeping

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into the workplace and while many of the big questions

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are still being thrashed out, it's clear that the issue of robot

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workers is becoming more and more of a political one.

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You can follow us on Twitter @BBC Click throughout

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the week and like us on Facebook, too.

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Thanks for watching and we will see you soon.

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