24/12/2011 Click


24/12/2011

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and kicked by troops. The biggest topics of 2011, the

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hottest trends of 2011. Forget those, these are the best clicks of

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2011. This week, we are looking back at

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some of our favourite reports from the last 12 months. We will ask if

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plans to bring the internet to some of the poorest and most isolated

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areas on earth can succeed. We will also check out a brand new piece of

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camera technology which should make everything clear, even after you

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have taken the shot. If you are in no mood for a song and dance, we

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will take you on a tour of some of the best places to get your music

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online. There is an glimpse into the future, with a sneaky peek at

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tomographic TV, and we will round up the very best apps of the year.

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Welcome to the best of Click 2011. We start the year with a trip to

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Africa, to find out what happens when the internet suddenly arrives

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in one of the most remote parts of the world. Dance Simmons was in

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Zambia, to discover have going online create a vibrant mix of new

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technology and old traditions. This village is a long way from

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anywhere, but it is home to a pioneering scheme to bring the

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internet to do for out of five Zambians also a living outside the

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cities. Zambians like Fred, who like his father, has lived and

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worked on his family farm since he was four. -- since he was born.

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When we met up, one of his cattle was built. The vet is hundreds of

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miles away, but the village has had a mobile signal for some years. But

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there is another way too. With Supreme Council of the Armed Forces,

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I just contacted him, and he was able to respond within two minutes.

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Skype Mac. We will get connected to scrap, and a veterinary officer can

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talk to us. In the past year, Fred has also got the radio station back

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up and running, giving locals something local to listen to. It is

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a chance to preserve African culture. Local bans use the studios

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to record songs, which I then uploaded to the web but to share.

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Not your typical African village, then, so how did it become Zambia's

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technology showcase? The satellite link came with the local malaria

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research centre, but what has made a difference here is the way that

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link has been shed, showing ordinary Zambians had the internet

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can help them. -- shared. The water tower is the village's highest

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point, and he's used to relate a signal across wife back hot spots

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which have been connected to create a mesh network. There is now

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wireless internet in the restaurant, across many homes, and at a

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cybercafe where anyone can drop in. Teachers and now children from the

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age of four are given weekly computer lessons starting from

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scratch. It seems this entire village has gone PC crazy. There

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are over 100 computers connected to the internet here. But there is

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another lesson being taught as well, and that is that nothing in life is

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free. When the generous foreign donors leave, this village wants to

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be able to pay for itself. So, six months ago, a voucher system began.

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Everybody needs a voucher, even the nursing college. But can this

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unique experiment be used to connect other outlying villages.

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Ones that did not get their head start that this one did? At this

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village, there is no land line, no mobile signal, and no electricity.

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Until six months ago there was no internet. Now, a British chatter a

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-- charity, computer aid, has installed Zambia's first solar

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internet hub. There is just one PC inside, hidden at the back. To save

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power, the other 10 screens are virtual desktops running off it,

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and sharing their 128 kilobit per second connection. It is hoped that

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the blueprints which have already been rolled out to seven villagers

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will Cup connect hundreds more. But whether this works for the rest of

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the country will depend on whether ordinary Zambians think the web is

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worth it. Since we first ed that report back

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in January, computer aid have delivered another 500 computers,

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and another solar-powered Internet cafe to the village.

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Now, the internet is a great way to discover, listen to and by music.

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In fact, it is now bent main way that people buy individual singles.

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So if you have been thinking about getting into listening online, you

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need to hear are essential diet that we aired earlier this year.

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The internet is brimming with music, thanks to thousands of radio

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stations sharing gas streams. Live, 365 .com and iTunes all have

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extensive listening stations from various corners of the globe. But

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do not forget traditional broadcasters like yours truly, ABC

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and NPR. But here, it is the stations which picks the tunes.

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They pandered to that audience and there is every chance you will get

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fed up of their small player lists. When that happens, it is time to

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ditch the DJ and head for the internet. The next generation of

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radio stations offer personalised streams with played this you

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control. Simply fire up your browser and pick a genre to get

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started. It is all legal, but the music is interrupted every now and

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then with an advertisement you cannot skip. It is also difficult

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to choose the exact sites -- songs you want to hear, because some

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sites limit the number of tracks that you can skip. Last dot FM is a

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website that analyses the music you this and took to create a profile.

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Then it acts like a social network, making it easy to spot trends and

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plain you some of their favourites. It is supported by a lot of

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handsets and music players, so you can add lots of information to your

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profile even when you are listening to your collection. Groove that

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Sharp offers similar features to other websites. -- Groove Shark.

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Mix Cloud is focused on DJ sets, some of them an hour long. The

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stuff of the highest quality should filter to the top. Not sure what

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you fancy? You can pinpoint your state of mind and get a playlist

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suited to your mood. To discover something new, try this 61. Here,

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unsigned artists cannot sign up a track and listeners can vote with

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their clicks. Pandora is a streaming service which uses humans

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to categorise the genes of each track. Each artist and Sybil --

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single is picked to match. It is free, but due to licensing it can

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only be heard in the US. So, what about taking music to your mobile?

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Last dot FM can come with you on your mobile, as can seven. Paying

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for a premium subscription gives you access to the same library of

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millions of songs on an iPhone or Android handset. It is possible to

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listen for free, but a premium subscription removes the ads and

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lets you transfer music to your mobile. So, plenty of options to

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get tunes at your fingertips, but be warned. As most services stream

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live, if you are without a solid connection, you may find the

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buffering frustrating. At the start of the year, we were

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all being told that 2011 a would-be MBA year of 3D television. -- would

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be the year of 3D television. Still a while to go, but in the last 12

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months we have come across a couple of other technologies which are

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capable of capturing and presenting 3D images in a completely different

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way to normal 3D television. First, from February, this.

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3D displays make your eyes worked in an unnatural way. When you look

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at objects in the real world, your eyes will focus on. All converge at

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the same point. But when watching 3D images, although your eyes. At

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objects that are supposedly in front of or behind the screen, they

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remained focused on the screen itself. This is true of the greedy

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that works with and without glasses. -- true of 3D. Critics are saying

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that too much 3D content, or 3D Webber depth is too much, and the

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viewer could get eyestrain and headaches. But some critics have

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suggested an alternative to the current 3D technology which will

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not cause eyestrain. They say that the only way to do three D properly

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is with holograms. This is a holographic television. At the

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moment, it is still an early, early prototype. The image is dim and

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flickering, and that is just when you are running it in one colour.

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Full colour is even worse. But it can cope with either computer

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generated images, or video that has been shot using existing 3D

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technology. And it does look greedy when you sit in front of it. --

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looked a 3D. It uses the same principles as holographic photos

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which she may have seen over the last few decades. The image itself

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is stored on film, or in this case displayed on the screen, as an

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intricate set of interference patterns. They only formed the

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desired image when you dude from the right ankle and eliminate it

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properly. For each object in this scene, the light is being projected

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out of the screen to converge at the point where the object would be

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if it were really there. That means that my eyes can converge and focus

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on the same point, which is what your eyes did in the real world

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when they are looking at real 3D objects. It is not what they do

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when they are looking at traditional 3D, where they always

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have to focus on the screen but then swivel to somewhere in front

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of the screen. What that means is that with holographic TV, you can

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bring the image way forward to the front of the screen or way back to

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hide it without causing ice cream. Unfortunately that last seen was a

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mock up of what I can see from my position. The problem is that in

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order to view a hologram from any angle, television would be to

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display many more interference patterns, and that would take an

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enormous amount of data. This system gets around that by tracking

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the viewer's eyes with two cameras, and only creating the interference

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patterns for the point that you are looking from. Although this

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severely limits to concede a hologram, the system is capable of

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tracking up to four pairs of eyes at once, and projecting images to

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each of them. Although this is just a first generation prototype, it

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already generates a convincing 3D image. The next generation will get

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rid of the flicker, and let you watch full-colour video. It will

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also be a lot thinner, because this has been built from old medical

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equipment. All the teething problems have to be sorted out by

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the end of 2012, because that is when the developers hope that

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holographic TV will go on sale. So it is still at least a year away,

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but something for the makers of the greedy TV sets to think about.

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The second technology which brought something new to the 3G sphere this

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year was a new type of camera, which captures images in a very

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different way. They can do some pretty incredible things your

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pictures, after they have been taken.

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It is a scene which will instantly resonate for anyone with kids. Try

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to capture that precious moment through a lens. Memories may be

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priceless, but all too often they end up as worthless. This is the

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website of a Silicon Valley start- up which recently received a

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whopping $50 million funding. That idea is to develop a consumer

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camera whose images you cannot refocus after you have taken them.

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Clicking around these Flash animations on the website gives a

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good idea of what you can achieve. Being able to refocus post shutter

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click is quite mind-blowing, especially when you can share the

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experience with others. Three social networks, through the

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internet, through mobile phones, people will be able to receive

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pictures from people that have one of these cameras and interact with

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it to experience the whole story of the picture. Interact with it to

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focus on why they want to see and The camera will be released at the

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end of the year. Precious few details have been released. They

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are showing the science behind the camera. It is built on the

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principle of light fields. It was developed in the 1990s.

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definition of the light field is about all of the likes travelling

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in every direction at any point in space. It can be captured with

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literally 100 cameras plugged into a supercomputer in taking millions

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of photographs at the same time. It is interesting to tried to put the

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room full of cameras into one single camera to make it possible

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for people to take this type of picture. One company has already

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stolen a march. Matrix has spent the last year selling cameras using

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similar technology. A PC does the software processing. It is captured

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using the same light field techniques. What is happening is

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that instead of a camera sense of capturing a single flat image,

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thousands of images are captured in a different way by an array of

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micro lenses housed in a glass away for placed in front of the censor.

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This will help capture different views of the scene. Then, the

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location of these point in space is walked out. This means that any

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image can be focused by combining different pixels of the micro

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lenses. There are drawbacks, though. The most glaring is that the final

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process resolution is only a fraction of that scene in a regular

:16:38.:16:48.
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car -- camera. Adobe Make a programme that has been used by

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camera enthusiast for years. They see challenges in bringing a camera

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to market but they are in no doubt as to the impact of the technology.

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We think this is the future of imaging. It is the next great

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revolution in digital imaging. It used to be about digitising what

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you could see. Then we started to capture more information and for

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you did ways to run algorithms on what was captured so we could have

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more flexibility to do things after the shot. This takes that to an

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entirely new levels. The creator is passionate about his new camera's

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potential. As we change the perspective, you can see the light

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reflecting a through these droplets of water. Some critics are deriding

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it as little more than a novelty that will be confined to unleash

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audience. Others are pointing out that an in Focus shop will not

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prevent bloody picture taking resulting from cameras shaking. The

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artistic direction of taking a photograph could also be a

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compromise, according to this man. He still thinks there could be a

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real appetite for its. Photography is shifting away from print based

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media to something that we do online. This could possibly really

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take-off. I can imagine a scenario when the latest Facebook posts, the

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latest online photography posts have a version. It could be the

:18:29.:18:33.

next must have way of viewing photographs on the market. If it

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does, it will take-off in a viral way. Since we first showed that

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report, we have got our first glimpse of the camera. This is what

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it looks like. It is very unconventional. It is simple and it

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does not have very many buttons. Over the last 12 months, tablets

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and smart phones have continued to get ever more popular. The number

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of apps available for them has continued to explode. Kate Russell

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takes a look at some of her favourites and it the best of

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Webscape. This time last year, I would have struggled to pick out a

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handful of really stand out smart phone apps. Smart phones have

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become such an important part of everyday life since then. I am

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:19:34.:19:34.

going to bring you my favourite apps for 2011. When it comes to

:19:34.:19:40.

picking up around town, location based check in apps are all very

:19:40.:19:50.
:19:50.:19:50.

well. Your friends need to use them. Ecole They call turns the model on

:19:50.:20:00.
:20:00.:20:01.

its head. -- EchoEcho. You send your friends a request when you

:20:01.:20:08.

want to know where they are. You can use it straight out of the box.

:20:08.:20:13.

This app was recommended by a viewer who is an actress in Los

:20:13.:20:17.

Angeles. For her, it is being able to grab an impromptu coffee with

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her friend without putting her privacy at risk by doing an online

:20:22.:20:27.

check-in that is the real draw of app. I have to say, I totally agree.

:20:27.:20:33.

It helps you find a good local venue close by. If you contact does

:20:33.:20:40.

not want to download the app, you can view it on an online version.

:20:40.:20:48.

This is a breath of fresh air. Hands up if you've ever fallen

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asleep on the train, over a shot just station and ended up a bleary

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eyed and confused trying to find your way home? It can happen to the

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best of us. With his app, you do not need to worry. It is such a

:21:06.:21:11.

simple concept. You just said what should you want to be cut by and

:21:11.:21:21.

your phone's GPS -- you just set what location you want to be cut at

:21:21.:21:28.

and your phone's GPS will trigger a wake-up alarm when you get there.

:21:28.:21:33.

The Android version is free. You will have to pay for the iPhone

:21:33.:21:38.

version. If your destination is in a connection dead spot, there is

:21:38.:21:44.

still a chance you could miss you spot. At least you want a cup at

:21:44.:21:52.

the end of the line. Smart phone app builders are

:21:52.:21:58.

springing up all over the Web at the moment. This has to be it the

:21:58.:22:02.

ultimate in phone Customisation. In this case, nor heavy programming

:22:03.:22:08.

language to learn either a. This is one that you will have to read the

:22:08.:22:13.

manual for. They have made it so you can create really complex

:22:13.:22:17.

programmes as well as simple ones. The interface can look a little

:22:17.:22:22.

daunting. Use the tutorials to get the basics and you will soon be

:22:22.:22:29.

able to get your head round this logical, progressive system.

:22:29.:22:38.

I first showed you at this app in 2009. If you Mr Deng, shame on you.

:22:39.:22:48.

You should take a look now. -- if you missed it and then. The iPhone

:22:48.:22:57.

app let you search for images online, and it is applied through a

:22:57.:23:03.

3 the interface wall. The graphics have been toned down a bit for the

:23:03.:23:09.

iPhone version to make it more data efficient. You can use that tilt

:23:09.:23:14.

feature to sweep backwards and forwards across the image wall. The

:23:14.:23:19.

iPhone app lets you search for images online through a scrolling

:23:19.:23:24.

wall. You will have to go into preferences and punt on tilt

:23:24.:23:29.

control if you want to use it. This will lead you use all of the other

:23:29.:23:39.

features as well. Clive Shea is another app that is available. --

:23:39.:23:47.

Live Share. It lets you see your contact as they appear. It is great

:23:47.:23:51.

for music festivals. That is it for this week. Next week

:23:51.:23:56.

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