24/12/2011 Click


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and kicked by troops. The biggest topics of 2011, the


hottest trends of 2011. Forget those, these are the best clicks of


2011. This week, we are looking back at


some of our favourite reports from the last 12 months. We will ask if


plans to bring the internet to some of the poorest and most isolated


areas on earth can succeed. We will also check out a brand new piece of


camera technology which should make everything clear, even after you


have taken the shot. If you are in no mood for a song and dance, we


will take you on a tour of some of the best places to get your music


online. There is an glimpse into the future, with a sneaky peek at


tomographic TV, and we will round up the very best apps of the year.


Welcome to the best of Click 2011. We start the year with a trip to


Africa, to find out what happens when the internet suddenly arrives


in one of the most remote parts of the world. Dance Simmons was in


Zambia, to discover have going online create a vibrant mix of new


technology and old traditions. This village is a long way from


anywhere, but it is home to a pioneering scheme to bring the


internet to do for out of five Zambians also a living outside the


cities. Zambians like Fred, who like his father, has lived and


worked on his family farm since he was four. -- since he was born.


When we met up, one of his cattle was built. The vet is hundreds of


miles away, but the village has had a mobile signal for some years. But


there is another way too. With Supreme Council of the Armed Forces,


I just contacted him, and he was able to respond within two minutes.


Skype Mac. We will get connected to scrap, and a veterinary officer can


talk to us. In the past year, Fred has also got the radio station back


up and running, giving locals something local to listen to. It is


a chance to preserve African culture. Local bans use the studios


to record songs, which I then uploaded to the web but to share.


Not your typical African village, then, so how did it become Zambia's


technology showcase? The satellite link came with the local malaria


research centre, but what has made a difference here is the way that


link has been shed, showing ordinary Zambians had the internet


can help them. -- shared. The water tower is the village's highest


point, and he's used to relate a signal across wife back hot spots


which have been connected to create a mesh network. There is now


wireless internet in the restaurant, across many homes, and at a


cybercafe where anyone can drop in. Teachers and now children from the


age of four are given weekly computer lessons starting from


scratch. It seems this entire village has gone PC crazy. There


are over 100 computers connected to the internet here. But there is


another lesson being taught as well, and that is that nothing in life is


free. When the generous foreign donors leave, this village wants to


be able to pay for itself. So, six months ago, a voucher system began.


Everybody needs a voucher, even the nursing college. But can this


unique experiment be used to connect other outlying villages.


Ones that did not get their head start that this one did? At this


village, there is no land line, no mobile signal, and no electricity.


Until six months ago there was no internet. Now, a British chatter a


-- charity, computer aid, has installed Zambia's first solar


internet hub. There is just one PC inside, hidden at the back. To save


power, the other 10 screens are virtual desktops running off it,


and sharing their 128 kilobit per second connection. It is hoped that


the blueprints which have already been rolled out to seven villagers


will Cup connect hundreds more. But whether this works for the rest of


the country will depend on whether ordinary Zambians think the web is


worth it. Since we first ed that report back


in January, computer aid have delivered another 500 computers,


and another solar-powered Internet cafe to the village.


Now, the internet is a great way to discover, listen to and by music.


In fact, it is now bent main way that people buy individual singles.


So if you have been thinking about getting into listening online, you


need to hear are essential diet that we aired earlier this year.


The internet is brimming with music, thanks to thousands of radio


stations sharing gas streams. Live, 365 .com and iTunes all have


extensive listening stations from various corners of the globe. But


do not forget traditional broadcasters like yours truly, ABC


and NPR. But here, it is the stations which picks the tunes.


They pandered to that audience and there is every chance you will get


fed up of their small player lists. When that happens, it is time to


ditch the DJ and head for the internet. The next generation of


radio stations offer personalised streams with played this you


control. Simply fire up your browser and pick a genre to get


started. It is all legal, but the music is interrupted every now and


then with an advertisement you cannot skip. It is also difficult


to choose the exact sites -- songs you want to hear, because some


sites limit the number of tracks that you can skip. Last dot FM is a


website that analyses the music you this and took to create a profile.


Then it acts like a social network, making it easy to spot trends and


plain you some of their favourites. It is supported by a lot of


handsets and music players, so you can add lots of information to your


profile even when you are listening to your collection. Groove that


Sharp offers similar features to other websites. -- Groove Shark.


Mix Cloud is focused on DJ sets, some of them an hour long. The


stuff of the highest quality should filter to the top. Not sure what


you fancy? You can pinpoint your state of mind and get a playlist


suited to your mood. To discover something new, try this 61. Here,


unsigned artists cannot sign up a track and listeners can vote with


their clicks. Pandora is a streaming service which uses humans


to categorise the genes of each track. Each artist and Sybil --


single is picked to match. It is free, but due to licensing it can


only be heard in the US. So, what about taking music to your mobile?


Last dot FM can come with you on your mobile, as can seven. Paying


for a premium subscription gives you access to the same library of


millions of songs on an iPhone or Android handset. It is possible to


listen for free, but a premium subscription removes the ads and


lets you transfer music to your mobile. So, plenty of options to


get tunes at your fingertips, but be warned. As most services stream


live, if you are without a solid connection, you may find the


buffering frustrating. At the start of the year, we were


all being told that 2011 a would-be MBA year of 3D television. -- would


be the year of 3D television. Still a while to go, but in the last 12


months we have come across a couple of other technologies which are


capable of capturing and presenting 3D images in a completely different


way to normal 3D television. First, from February, this.


3D displays make your eyes worked in an unnatural way. When you look


at objects in the real world, your eyes will focus on. All converge at


the same point. But when watching 3D images, although your eyes. At


objects that are supposedly in front of or behind the screen, they


remained focused on the screen itself. This is true of the greedy


that works with and without glasses. -- true of 3D. Critics are saying


that too much 3D content, or 3D Webber depth is too much, and the


viewer could get eyestrain and headaches. But some critics have


suggested an alternative to the current 3D technology which will


not cause eyestrain. They say that the only way to do three D properly


is with holograms. This is a holographic television. At the


moment, it is still an early, early prototype. The image is dim and


flickering, and that is just when you are running it in one colour.


Full colour is even worse. But it can cope with either computer


generated images, or video that has been shot using existing 3D


technology. And it does look greedy when you sit in front of it. --


looked a 3D. It uses the same principles as holographic photos


which she may have seen over the last few decades. The image itself


is stored on film, or in this case displayed on the screen, as an


intricate set of interference patterns. They only formed the


desired image when you dude from the right ankle and eliminate it


properly. For each object in this scene, the light is being projected


out of the screen to converge at the point where the object would be


if it were really there. That means that my eyes can converge and focus


on the same point, which is what your eyes did in the real world


when they are looking at real 3D objects. It is not what they do


when they are looking at traditional 3D, where they always


have to focus on the screen but then swivel to somewhere in front


of the screen. What that means is that with holographic TV, you can


bring the image way forward to the front of the screen or way back to


hide it without causing ice cream. Unfortunately that last seen was a


mock up of what I can see from my position. The problem is that in


order to view a hologram from any angle, television would be to


display many more interference patterns, and that would take an


enormous amount of data. This system gets around that by tracking


the viewer's eyes with two cameras, and only creating the interference


patterns for the point that you are looking from. Although this


severely limits to concede a hologram, the system is capable of


tracking up to four pairs of eyes at once, and projecting images to


each of them. Although this is just a first generation prototype, it


already generates a convincing 3D image. The next generation will get


rid of the flicker, and let you watch full-colour video. It will


also be a lot thinner, because this has been built from old medical


equipment. All the teething problems have to be sorted out by


the end of 2012, because that is when the developers hope that


holographic TV will go on sale. So it is still at least a year away,


but something for the makers of the greedy TV sets to think about.


The second technology which brought something new to the 3G sphere this


year was a new type of camera, which captures images in a very


different way. They can do some pretty incredible things your


pictures, after they have been taken.


It is a scene which will instantly resonate for anyone with kids. Try


to capture that precious moment through a lens. Memories may be


priceless, but all too often they end up as worthless. This is the


website of a Silicon Valley start- up which recently received a


whopping $50 million funding. That idea is to develop a consumer


camera whose images you cannot refocus after you have taken them.


Clicking around these Flash animations on the website gives a


good idea of what you can achieve. Being able to refocus post shutter


click is quite mind-blowing, especially when you can share the


experience with others. Three social networks, through the


internet, through mobile phones, people will be able to receive


pictures from people that have one of these cameras and interact with


it to experience the whole story of the picture. Interact with it to


focus on why they want to see and The camera will be released at the


end of the year. Precious few details have been released. They


are showing the science behind the camera. It is built on the


principle of light fields. It was developed in the 1990s.


definition of the light field is about all of the likes travelling


in every direction at any point in space. It can be captured with


literally 100 cameras plugged into a supercomputer in taking millions


of photographs at the same time. It is interesting to tried to put the


room full of cameras into one single camera to make it possible


for people to take this type of picture. One company has already


stolen a march. Matrix has spent the last year selling cameras using


similar technology. A PC does the software processing. It is captured


using the same light field techniques. What is happening is


that instead of a camera sense of capturing a single flat image,


thousands of images are captured in a different way by an array of


micro lenses housed in a glass away for placed in front of the censor.


This will help capture different views of the scene. Then, the


location of these point in space is walked out. This means that any


image can be focused by combining different pixels of the micro


lenses. There are drawbacks, though. The most glaring is that the final


process resolution is only a fraction of that scene in a regular


car -- camera. Adobe Make a programme that has been used by


camera enthusiast for years. They see challenges in bringing a camera


to market but they are in no doubt as to the impact of the technology.


We think this is the future of imaging. It is the next great


revolution in digital imaging. It used to be about digitising what


you could see. Then we started to capture more information and for


you did ways to run algorithms on what was captured so we could have


more flexibility to do things after the shot. This takes that to an


entirely new levels. The creator is passionate about his new camera's


potential. As we change the perspective, you can see the light


reflecting a through these droplets of water. Some critics are deriding


it as little more than a novelty that will be confined to unleash


audience. Others are pointing out that an in Focus shop will not


prevent bloody picture taking resulting from cameras shaking. The


artistic direction of taking a photograph could also be a


compromise, according to this man. He still thinks there could be a


real appetite for its. Photography is shifting away from print based


media to something that we do online. This could possibly really


take-off. I can imagine a scenario when the latest Facebook posts, the


latest online photography posts have a version. It could be the


next must have way of viewing photographs on the market. If it


does, it will take-off in a viral way. Since we first showed that


report, we have got our first glimpse of the camera. This is what


it looks like. It is very unconventional. It is simple and it


does not have very many buttons. Over the last 12 months, tablets


and smart phones have continued to get ever more popular. The number


of apps available for them has continued to explode. Kate Russell


takes a look at some of her favourites and it the best of


Webscape. This time last year, I would have struggled to pick out a


handful of really stand out smart phone apps. Smart phones have


become such an important part of everyday life since then. I am


going to bring you my favourite apps for 2011. When it comes to


picking up around town, location based check in apps are all very


well. Your friends need to use them. Ecole They call turns the model on


its head. -- EchoEcho. You send your friends a request when you


want to know where they are. You can use it straight out of the box.


This app was recommended by a viewer who is an actress in Los


Angeles. For her, it is being able to grab an impromptu coffee with


her friend without putting her privacy at risk by doing an online


check-in that is the real draw of app. I have to say, I totally agree.


It helps you find a good local venue close by. If you contact does


not want to download the app, you can view it on an online version.


This is a breath of fresh air. Hands up if you've ever fallen


asleep on the train, over a shot just station and ended up a bleary


eyed and confused trying to find your way home? It can happen to the


best of us. With his app, you do not need to worry. It is such a


simple concept. You just said what should you want to be cut by and


your phone's GPS -- you just set what location you want to be cut at


and your phone's GPS will trigger a wake-up alarm when you get there.


The Android version is free. You will have to pay for the iPhone


version. If your destination is in a connection dead spot, there is


still a chance you could miss you spot. At least you want a cup at


the end of the line. Smart phone app builders are


springing up all over the Web at the moment. This has to be it the


ultimate in phone Customisation. In this case, nor heavy programming


language to learn either a. This is one that you will have to read the


manual for. They have made it so you can create really complex


programmes as well as simple ones. The interface can look a little


daunting. Use the tutorials to get the basics and you will soon be


able to get your head round this logical, progressive system.


I first showed you at this app in 2009. If you Mr Deng, shame on you.


You should take a look now. -- if you missed it and then. The iPhone


app let you search for images online, and it is applied through a


3 the interface wall. The graphics have been toned down a bit for the


iPhone version to make it more data efficient. You can use that tilt


feature to sweep backwards and forwards across the image wall. The


iPhone app lets you search for images online through a scrolling


wall. You will have to go into preferences and punt on tilt


control if you want to use it. This will lead you use all of the other


features as well. Clive Shea is another app that is available. --


Live Share. It lets you see your contact as they appear. It is great


for music festivals. That is it for this week. Next week


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