07/01/2012 Click


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slow to update sessions which have sold out.


Now on BBC Nw on BBC N time for Click.


Faster, faster. It is the stuff of Tepco dreams,


but now it is becoming a reality. This week Click looks at the next


generation of mobile networks, promising faster data and more


orbit where everyone. Also, a 50-year-old synthesiser


like when you have ever seen or heard before. -- lichen on it you


have ever seen. And, spreading the word about you


and your great stuff. We will help boost your likeability factor.


Welcome to Click. One technology that will definitely be improving


in 2012 is an ute network. Just as we upgrade our mobile phones every


so often, so do the operators occasionally upgrade their service


to us, and for many countries that next big step is about to happen.


Forget 3G. 4G is so fast that it could make your mobile phone


quicker then your home PC, while also reaching parts that other


networks have left behind. The rugged countryside of Cornwall,


in the far south-west of England. Like many other remote parts of the


UK, it suffers from patchy 3G coverage. More than 2 million


people get to be hooked up to a home broadband include those just


outside the nearest town here. For Tamasin Battell and her four-month


old baby, it means they have effectively been cut off from the


digital revolution. Since the digital TV switch-over last year,


they do not even have any TV to watch. On a good day her Blackberry


will make calls and get e-mails, but that is about it. Do you want


to have a look at your grandson? But this new dongle is changing all


that. Shall I bring him closer? I think he has a bit more hair now.


He has more than me, anyway. She is one of 180 local people testing out


the next generation of wireless telecoms. While the rest of the UK


is still on 3G, Tamasin Battell is using 4G. 4th generation mobile


comms that promise data speeds many times faster than standard 3G.


is a joy, to be able to speak to people, and obviously because James


is changing so much, to be able to keep in touch and have pictures as


well as sound, all going on at the same time, it is fantastic. It is


something we have not really enjoyed before. So this trial is a


godsend. Because their house has thick walls, hanging this new piece


of kit in the window gives a better signal. So it is also easy to


stream TV or music videos. Several technologies we have looked at the


Forum Click, including WiMAX, have been called 4G. But around the


world, most testing is now being done using this system. It does not


have a snappy name. It is called Long Term Evolution, or LTE. And it


is the one being favoured by mobile operators. And this is the new


infrastructure making it possible. This 4G mast is one of two, and


between them they are covering 25 square kilometres, having a range


of between 12 and up to 20 kilometres when it goes commercial.


They are delivering speeds of somewhere between 5 and 6 megabits


per second. That average speed makes this why this service as fast


as the average wired broadband speed in Britain. -- twice as fast.


But shouldn't the major telecoms providers be laying the stuff? Is


4G going to short-change these rural areas from getting a more


reliable and possibly faster hard wired connection? There is a limit


to how far the economics of fast broadband over fibre will go. It


may be more economic court to deliver the broadband experience


through other technologies in the future. Together, BT Worldwide and


Everything Everywhere have shown that LTE can be an effective


substitute for broadband. But the technology is capable of delivering


something extra. Raw speed. This is a similar LTE trial in London by 02.


It is using more base stations, working at a higher frequency. It


is 4G in top gear. Here, downloading a 60-minute TV show


takes just one minute. That is ten times faster than typical home


broadband speeds. While our current smartphones might make us wait 80


minutes. But these are trial speeds, and need to be taken with a pinch


of salt. The actual speed that the consumer gets depends on a number


of factors, factors, ude how many people are using the cell at the


same time, whether the person at his mobile or stationary, or


whether the person is indoors or outdoors, whether the person is


near the mast or closer to the edge of the cell, and even on weather


conditions. And the forecast in the UK is a long-term one. An auction


for the spectrum needed to run for cheap services is due in the autumn,


but we Brits will not pull out into the fast lane until next year. As


most places around the world of late the introduction of 4G, I


decided to see what it has done for the country that has had it longer


than anyone. Sweden pioneered 4G, turning on the first commercial


service two years ago. It offers residents of Stockholm mobile


speeds previously unimaginable. So we decided to put this live network


to the test, by paying a visit to the headquarters of the operator


who started it all. Right, you have the 3G and I have the 4G. Led to a


test. 3, 2, 1, go. Their mission is to download a high-definition movie


trailer, which the 4G laptop on the right is blazing through. My fairly


speedy three megabit connection seems to be taking some time. After


23 seconds, Michael's footage is ready to watch, while I still have


another nine minutes to go. I later speed test check showed the 4G


dongle delivering 83 megabits per second. Not surprising, what the


world's forced -- first 4G commercial service must is on next


door's roof. But it is easy to see how a fraction of the speed could


transform how and what we used mobile data for. And all that data


from one of the world's fast as mobile networks comes into this box,


and connects up with Sweden's fibre network through one single table.


Right here. Pulling this out would ta tale sell-off line, not


that many p But -- people here would notice. Just 9,000 Swedes


have signed up, 18 knots after watching the service. So what went


wrong? Thomas Alderson has followed the market for 15 years. He says


the price of 4G was simply too expensive, and that consumers had


very little to use the network would. The problem has really been


that there is not much hardware out to the market. We are still waiting


for the first handsets and the first tablets out on the market.


That is what we really must think about when we speak about 3G or 4G.


And they'll be the expensive, as they always are when you introduce


new technology. In America, where LTE was introduced a year ago,


handsets went on sale straight away. That lead to quicker take-up of the


service. Now, Samsung is finally introducing the first compatible


smartphone aartphone ain Sweden this month. And pricing has come


down with the cheapest packages capped at 10 gigabytes of data for


$50. More than 30,000 customers have now signed up. Telia has


learnt important lessons from being first. We discovered that telling


people what to do with it, you can use video or film or conferencing,


but also where you can use it and on which local sports you can use


it, that is something that is really important for the customer.


-- local spots. And perhaps the strangest place is inside this 4G


car. This prototype VW connects to the network and then create a wife


on- 4G devices to recover. -- while


this hot spot. But this car is not the future. At this than his. --


this and then it is. Because it is the fastest moving thing we can


ever seen. I am being driven around the headquarters of Ericsson, just


outside of Stockholm, for a trial of what is called LTE Advanced. We


are editing speeds of up to 1,000 move, Albie it quite slow. This is


owned a trial. We will not see it for a couple of years or so. And


there are some base stations just near the car. But the area coverage


is not great. What they are doing is combining different band withs


at different frequencies and putting that together to deliver


unbelievable speed. But it is not re


4G can reach that has driven demand. The colt wastelands of northern


Sweden are inside the Arctic Circle. We are visiting Europe's newest 4G


town. And we found the signal here extends well beyond the high street.


We wondered, just how far? A ride into the white wilderness would


prove a point. Imagine streaming high-definition Moody's out here in


the middle of nowhere. -- movies. Unfortunately, we had to. It seemed


that even with 4G, no matter how fast your hot spots get, there will


always be some very cold spots in between.


Super-fast Dan Simmons, his search of a super-fast 4G connection. So


would you be willing to pay a little bit extra seat super charge


your mobile broadband connection? Bought the Summerbee, to get your


first ever mobile broadband If 2011 was the year that sort out


that sales fly high, 2012 could be the year that sees tap let prices


nosedived. Sony have slashed $100 off its is Series tablet, RIM has


started selling of its PlayBook versions at $300. Last than half of


its original $700 price tag. Google has taken another bite out of IBM's


patents pot. It will serve as ammunition for the patent war


between Apple, Google and Samsung. One could end up in Google+. The


idea involves analysing the words that involve -- come up frequently


in your web search. 2012 could be a lucrative year for bug busting


hackers, Mozilla, Google and Facebook shell out rewards for


finding problems in their software. Researchers are now being offered a


customise Visa debit card. Facebook loads the card with $500 for every


buggie fine. Facebook is looking to boost its good-guy street


credentials. Finally, Instagram has become the latest technology to


seduce Barack Obama. President Obama has posted two pictures on


the popular smart phone app. Another diversion to Twitter,


YouTube and Flickr activity. Imagine unnerving a piece of


technology history that you thought had been lost forever. 50 years


after it was invented, the Oramics machine is once again centre-stage


because of the London Science Museum. For those who do not know


what the Oramics machine is, here is LJ Rich. Over the past decade


music production has changed beyond recognition. Forget high end


hardware in a dedicated studio, or musicians can now composed


masterpieces on a home computer. If I want the orchestra's string


section, I consulted. These are virtual instruments of substance.


This is a sampler, before Playback Cordier snapshots of real


instruments when you play a note. This is a tone generator, it makes


sound inside your computer. The second one is closely related to


the Oramics machine. This machine is the externally instrument in


question. Rehabilitated as part of a year-long exhibition about the


history of electronic music. Yet now stands as a musical relic, too


delicate to play any longer. In the early 60s, this elementary


synthesiser spearheaded a new chapter in is a devout man. As its


name suggests, the Oramics machine takes in the spirit of Daphne Oram,


who took her inspiration from European contemporaries. With


engineers they assembled a one of masterpiece of musical Engineering.


Daphne Oram was an extraordinary person with an amazing mind. She


was able to imagine a electronic sounds that she could not actually


make. Having set up the BBC Radiophonic Workshop in 1958, she


left to pursue her own ideas about how to make electronic music. In


her mind it was about how you could change drawing us into sound. That


was her experimental programme. -- drawings. The sound generator would


provide a chain based on the shape the dot followed. You could change


the pitch or echo of a note. had to put it into separate


Parramatta Eels. -- Parameters. This could make it much quicker...


It is thought the machine was monophonic. That is, it could only


play OneNote at once. It could lay four notes together. The reason it


is so difficult to tell is that the machine was always being tweaked


and modified throughout its life. As the Oramics machine was too


fragile to restore to playable order, there is an interactive


display that lets visitors play with a virtual machine. There is an


app for those who want to take matters into their own hand. There


is a competition for those who want to submit their aim submissions.


has got cheaper and cheaper and easier and easier to do. It has


become too easy to make electronic music. Some of the most interesting


areas are where people are trying to introduce some constraint, some


difficulty with sampling sounds and changing the sounds. Daphne Oram


died in 2003, an unsung hero of the start even if her machine is no


longer playable, her ideas have left an indelible mark on


electronic music of today. There is a ton of free stuff available


online. Ebooks, music, fond designs, wallpaper, instead of asking for


money, traitors will often asked you to spread the word about their


masterpieces. -- creators. We have come across a website that makes it


easy for people to pay you with publicity. If you want a guaranteed


bit of publicity for your free Giveaway, Transactsocially.com is


an intriguing new services that lets you use a button offering


whatever it is you are prepared to give away in exchange for a


Facebook comment or Twitter comment. I see this being a great late for


up and coming musicians to spread the word. You could drive traffic


Teale website with a free download or coupon. Setting it up his super


easy. In bed it on the website where you advertise and watch the


crowds spring into action. -- imbed. I have shown you a lot of ways to


get your voice heard on the internet, if they all seem a little


bit complicated, Pen.io is the tonic you have been waiting for. It


wins hands down in terms of ease of use. There is no sign up. You can


drag and drop things to appear on it. Part of the appeal of Pen.io


has to be that you can use it completely anonymously, making it


quite an important tool for people we have to watch what you say


online. 40% of the visitors come from China. You cannot do a lot


with your page, just text, images, video and a few simple formatting


commands. There will be adding more simple features as they go along. -


- they will. Remember Worms? That combat game that had everyone


shouting, leave me alone! Worms Golf HG is a modern re-enactment


that takes the form of a mini golf tournament. They explode in various


ways. I might be showing my age, but I remember when the original


Worms came into the offices of one of the first games magazines I


worked on in 1995. This franchise has a special place in my heart. I


am happy to say that the mini golf game is a playful rendition of the


brand. For the full retro experience, there at 2010 up days


of the original game available on Android, iPhone and iPad. Leave me


alone! Victory. 7digital's app proved popular on and Trade and I -


- and Trade and iPod last year. It is a viable alternative to iTunes.


If you have not made a new year's resolution yet, how about learning


to cope? 2012 will be the year of the coda. Sign up at Moshe Katsav -


- Kodia.com. Kate Russell. All of her lines are available at our


website. You can see all of the reports in video and text and flick


through to Click on the radio the start this week we look at the


latest attempts to bring mobile and broadband access to Africa the


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