07/01/2012 Click


07/01/2012

Guide to the latest technology. Is 2012 the year of 4G? A trip to Cornwall and Sweden reveals what the next generation of mobile networks will deliver.


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slow to update sessions which have sold out.

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Now on BBC Nw on BBC N time for Click.

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Faster, faster. It is the stuff of Tepco dreams,

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but now it is becoming a reality. This week Click looks at the next

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generation of mobile networks, promising faster data and more

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orbit where everyone. Also, a 50-year-old synthesiser

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like when you have ever seen or heard before. -- lichen on it you

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have ever seen. And, spreading the word about you

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and your great stuff. We will help boost your likeability factor.

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Welcome to Click. One technology that will definitely be improving

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in 2012 is an ute network. Just as we upgrade our mobile phones every

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so often, so do the operators occasionally upgrade their service

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to us, and for many countries that next big step is about to happen.

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Forget 3G. 4G is so fast that it could make your mobile phone

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quicker then your home PC, while also reaching parts that other

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networks have left behind. The rugged countryside of Cornwall,

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in the far south-west of England. Like many other remote parts of the

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UK, it suffers from patchy 3G coverage. More than 2 million

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people get to be hooked up to a home broadband include those just

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outside the nearest town here. For Tamasin Battell and her four-month

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old baby, it means they have effectively been cut off from the

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digital revolution. Since the digital TV switch-over last year,

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they do not even have any TV to watch. On a good day her Blackberry

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will make calls and get e-mails, but that is about it. Do you want

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to have a look at your grandson? But this new dongle is changing all

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that. Shall I bring him closer? I think he has a bit more hair now.

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He has more than me, anyway. She is one of 180 local people testing out

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the next generation of wireless telecoms. While the rest of the UK

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is still on 3G, Tamasin Battell is using 4G. 4th generation mobile

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comms that promise data speeds many times faster than standard 3G.

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is a joy, to be able to speak to people, and obviously because James

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is changing so much, to be able to keep in touch and have pictures as

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well as sound, all going on at the same time, it is fantastic. It is

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something we have not really enjoyed before. So this trial is a

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godsend. Because their house has thick walls, hanging this new piece

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of kit in the window gives a better signal. So it is also easy to

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stream TV or music videos. Several technologies we have looked at the

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Forum Click, including WiMAX, have been called 4G. But around the

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world, most testing is now being done using this system. It does not

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have a snappy name. It is called Long Term Evolution, or LTE. And it

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is the one being favoured by mobile operators. And this is the new

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infrastructure making it possible. This 4G mast is one of two, and

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between them they are covering 25 square kilometres, having a range

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of between 12 and up to 20 kilometres when it goes commercial.

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They are delivering speeds of somewhere between 5 and 6 megabits

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per second. That average speed makes this why this service as fast

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as the average wired broadband speed in Britain. -- twice as fast.

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But shouldn't the major telecoms providers be laying the stuff? Is

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4G going to short-change these rural areas from getting a more

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reliable and possibly faster hard wired connection? There is a limit

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to how far the economics of fast broadband over fibre will go. It

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may be more economic court to deliver the broadband experience

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through other technologies in the future. Together, BT Worldwide and

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Everything Everywhere have shown that LTE can be an effective

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substitute for broadband. But the technology is capable of delivering

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something extra. Raw speed. This is a similar LTE trial in London by 02.

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It is using more base stations, working at a higher frequency. It

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is 4G in top gear. Here, downloading a 60-minute TV show

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takes just one minute. That is ten times faster than typical home

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broadband speeds. While our current smartphones might make us wait 80

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minutes. But these are trial speeds, and need to be taken with a pinch

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of salt. The actual speed that the consumer gets depends on a number

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of factors, factors, ude how many people are using the cell at the

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same time, whether the person at his mobile or stationary, or

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whether the person is indoors or outdoors, whether the person is

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near the mast or closer to the edge of the cell, and even on weather

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conditions. And the forecast in the UK is a long-term one. An auction

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for the spectrum needed to run for cheap services is due in the autumn,

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but we Brits will not pull out into the fast lane until next year. As

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most places around the world of late the introduction of 4G, I

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decided to see what it has done for the country that has had it longer

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than anyone. Sweden pioneered 4G, turning on the first commercial

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service two years ago. It offers residents of Stockholm mobile

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speeds previously unimaginable. So we decided to put this live network

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to the test, by paying a visit to the headquarters of the operator

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who started it all. Right, you have the 3G and I have the 4G. Led to a

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test. 3, 2, 1, go. Their mission is to download a high-definition movie

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trailer, which the 4G laptop on the right is blazing through. My fairly

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speedy three megabit connection seems to be taking some time. After

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23 seconds, Michael's footage is ready to watch, while I still have

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another nine minutes to go. I later speed test check showed the 4G

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dongle delivering 83 megabits per second. Not surprising, what the

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world's forced -- first 4G commercial service must is on next

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door's roof. But it is easy to see how a fraction of the speed could

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transform how and what we used mobile data for. And all that data

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from one of the world's fast as mobile networks comes into this box,

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and connects up with Sweden's fibre network through one single table.

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Right here. Pulling this out would ta tale sell-off line, not

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that many p But -- people here would notice. Just 9,000 Swedes

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have signed up, 18 knots after watching the service. So what went

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wrong? Thomas Alderson has followed the market for 15 years. He says

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the price of 4G was simply too expensive, and that consumers had

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very little to use the network would. The problem has really been

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that there is not much hardware out to the market. We are still waiting

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for the first handsets and the first tablets out on the market.

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That is what we really must think about when we speak about 3G or 4G.

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And they'll be the expensive, as they always are when you introduce

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new technology. In America, where LTE was introduced a year ago,

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handsets went on sale straight away. That lead to quicker take-up of the

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service. Now, Samsung is finally introducing the first compatible

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smartphone aartphone ain Sweden this month. And pricing has come

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down with the cheapest packages capped at 10 gigabytes of data for

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$50. More than 30,000 customers have now signed up. Telia has

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learnt important lessons from being first. We discovered that telling

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people what to do with it, you can use video or film or conferencing,

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but also where you can use it and on which local sports you can use

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it, that is something that is really important for the customer.

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-- local spots. And perhaps the strangest place is inside this 4G

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car. This prototype VW connects to the network and then create a wife

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on- 4G devices to recover. -- while

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this hot spot. But this car is not the future. At this than his. --

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this and then it is. Because it is the fastest moving thing we can

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ever seen. I am being driven around the headquarters of Ericsson, just

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outside of Stockholm, for a trial of what is called LTE Advanced. We

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are editing speeds of up to 1,000 move, Albie it quite slow. This is

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owned a trial. We will not see it for a couple of years or so. And

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there are some base stations just near the car. But the area coverage

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is not great. What they are doing is combining different band withs

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at different frequencies and putting that together to deliver

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unbelievable speed. But it is not re

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4G can reach that has driven demand. The colt wastelands of northern

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Sweden are inside the Arctic Circle. We are visiting Europe's newest 4G

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town. And we found the signal here extends well beyond the high street.

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We wondered, just how far? A ride into the white wilderness would

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prove a point. Imagine streaming high-definition Moody's out here in

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the middle of nowhere. -- movies. Unfortunately, we had to. It seemed

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that even with 4G, no matter how fast your hot spots get, there will

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always be some very cold spots in between.

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Super-fast Dan Simmons, his search of a super-fast 4G connection. So

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would you be willing to pay a little bit extra seat super charge

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your mobile broadband connection? Bought the Summerbee, to get your

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first ever mobile broadband If 2011 was the year that sort out

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that sales fly high, 2012 could be the year that sees tap let prices

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nosedived. Sony have slashed $100 off its is Series tablet, RIM has

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started selling of its PlayBook versions at $300. Last than half of

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its original $700 price tag. Google has taken another bite out of IBM's

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patents pot. It will serve as ammunition for the patent war

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between Apple, Google and Samsung. One could end up in Google+. The

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idea involves analysing the words that involve -- come up frequently

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in your web search. 2012 could be a lucrative year for bug busting

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hackers, Mozilla, Google and Facebook shell out rewards for

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finding problems in their software. Researchers are now being offered a

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customise Visa debit card. Facebook loads the card with $500 for every

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buggie fine. Facebook is looking to boost its good-guy street

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credentials. Finally, Instagram has become the latest technology to

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seduce Barack Obama. President Obama has posted two pictures on

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the popular smart phone app. Another diversion to Twitter,

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YouTube and Flickr activity. Imagine unnerving a piece of

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technology history that you thought had been lost forever. 50 years

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after it was invented, the Oramics machine is once again centre-stage

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because of the London Science Museum. For those who do not know

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what the Oramics machine is, here is LJ Rich. Over the past decade

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music production has changed beyond recognition. Forget high end

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hardware in a dedicated studio, or musicians can now composed

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masterpieces on a home computer. If I want the orchestra's string

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section, I consulted. These are virtual instruments of substance.

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This is a sampler, before Playback Cordier snapshots of real

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instruments when you play a note. This is a tone generator, it makes

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sound inside your computer. The second one is closely related to

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the Oramics machine. This machine is the externally instrument in

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question. Rehabilitated as part of a year-long exhibition about the

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history of electronic music. Yet now stands as a musical relic, too

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delicate to play any longer. In the early 60s, this elementary

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synthesiser spearheaded a new chapter in is a devout man. As its

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name suggests, the Oramics machine takes in the spirit of Daphne Oram,

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who took her inspiration from European contemporaries. With

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engineers they assembled a one of masterpiece of musical Engineering.

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Daphne Oram was an extraordinary person with an amazing mind. She

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was able to imagine a electronic sounds that she could not actually

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make. Having set up the BBC Radiophonic Workshop in 1958, she

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left to pursue her own ideas about how to make electronic music. In

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her mind it was about how you could change drawing us into sound. That

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was her experimental programme. -- drawings. The sound generator would

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provide a chain based on the shape the dot followed. You could change

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the pitch or echo of a note. had to put it into separate

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Parramatta Eels. -- Parameters. This could make it much quicker...

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It is thought the machine was monophonic. That is, it could only

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play OneNote at once. It could lay four notes together. The reason it

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is so difficult to tell is that the machine was always being tweaked

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and modified throughout its life. As the Oramics machine was too

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fragile to restore to playable order, there is an interactive

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display that lets visitors play with a virtual machine. There is an

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app for those who want to take matters into their own hand. There

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is a competition for those who want to submit their aim submissions.

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has got cheaper and cheaper and easier and easier to do. It has

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become too easy to make electronic music. Some of the most interesting

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areas are where people are trying to introduce some constraint, some

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difficulty with sampling sounds and changing the sounds. Daphne Oram

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died in 2003, an unsung hero of the start even if her machine is no

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longer playable, her ideas have left an indelible mark on

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electronic music of today. There is a ton of free stuff available

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online. Ebooks, music, fond designs, wallpaper, instead of asking for

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money, traitors will often asked you to spread the word about their

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masterpieces. -- creators. We have come across a website that makes it

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easy for people to pay you with publicity. If you want a guaranteed

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bit of publicity for your free Giveaway, Transactsocially.com is

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an intriguing new services that lets you use a button offering

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whatever it is you are prepared to give away in exchange for a

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Facebook comment or Twitter comment. I see this being a great late for

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up and coming musicians to spread the word. You could drive traffic

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Teale website with a free download or coupon. Setting it up his super

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easy. In bed it on the website where you advertise and watch the

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crowds spring into action. -- imbed. I have shown you a lot of ways to

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get your voice heard on the internet, if they all seem a little

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bit complicated, Pen.io is the tonic you have been waiting for. It

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wins hands down in terms of ease of use. There is no sign up. You can

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drag and drop things to appear on it. Part of the appeal of Pen.io

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has to be that you can use it completely anonymously, making it

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quite an important tool for people we have to watch what you say

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online. 40% of the visitors come from China. You cannot do a lot

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with your page, just text, images, video and a few simple formatting

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commands. There will be adding more simple features as they go along. -

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- they will. Remember Worms? That combat game that had everyone

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shouting, leave me alone! Worms Golf HG is a modern re-enactment

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that takes the form of a mini golf tournament. They explode in various

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ways. I might be showing my age, but I remember when the original

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Worms came into the offices of one of the first games magazines I

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worked on in 1995. This franchise has a special place in my heart. I

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am happy to say that the mini golf game is a playful rendition of the

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brand. For the full retro experience, there at 2010 up days

:22:19.:22:27.

of the original game available on Android, iPhone and iPad. Leave me

:22:27.:22:37.
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alone! Victory. 7digital's app proved popular on and Trade and I -

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- and Trade and iPod last year. It is a viable alternative to iTunes.

:22:58.:23:02.

If you have not made a new year's resolution yet, how about learning

:23:02.:23:12.
:23:12.:23:12.

to cope? 2012 will be the year of the coda. Sign up at Moshe Katsav -

:23:13.:23:21.

- Kodia.com. Kate Russell. All of her lines are available at our

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website. You can see all of the reports in video and text and flick

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through to Click on the radio the start this week we look at the

:23:32.:23:37.

latest attempts to bring mobile and broadband access to Africa the

:23:37.:23:44.

Guide to the latest gadgets, websites, games and computer industry news.

Is 2012 the year of 4G? A trip to Cornwall and Sweden reveals what the next generation of mobile networks will deliver.

Includes tech news and Webscape.


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