14/04/2012 Click


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rebuilding her life. -- Tina. Now From smart lighting to home-grown


homes and offices. This week on Click we visit the living,


breathing, thinking cities of the future. We stare into hi-tech eye


tech. There is the smart cycling jacket with built-in indicators and


a website to solve the world's problems. At last. That's in


Webscape. Welcome to Click. We talk a lot on this programme about


bringing your home to life with amazing technology. This week we


find out what would happen if the buildings themselves could come to


life. Imagine a home that had eyes and ears and could sense what is


going on inside it. Or a digesting system that could make fuel for


your car. They are not as sci-fi as you might think. By 2052 thirds of


the world's population will live in cities. That is an awful lot of


people. The cities will have to change radically to take the strain.


I think the urban environment is going to become increasingly


networked. Everything that we see around us, every object, every


chair, every table is going to be filled with a sensor technology.


Buildings already know how many people are in them to control


climate. If a lot of what is happening in sustainable


architecture today is based on the idea of a biomimicry, the signs


that upbeat nature. This building in Barcelona has got a light


sensitive skin that I just and inflates to protect those inside


and help moderate the temperature. -- adjusts. Greenalls teeming with


natural life to make sustainable development and create a healthier


environment. Like this development at Stockwell Street. We have got


3,000 square metres, we are going to have aquaponics up there, we


will have food up there. It will be very important for biodiversity.


these projects are happening today in cities all over the world. There


is a growing group of Scientists and architects who believe we have


not touched the surface. Philip Beesley envisions responsive a


buildings. We are making clouds of material come up were together in


very delicate ways. When we compress them together, we can see


them working together as rooms, walls, that breathe. These


intelligent buildings will know what is going on inside them, the


furniture might recognise individual bottoms are changing for


that particular person. Even responding to mood for the perfect


amount of recline. Scientists like Dr Rachel Armstrong believes that


one day cities will not be built at all, but grown using biological


materials. It sounds far-fetched, but her research in synthetic


biology has produced protocells, engineered to behave like organic


cells. It is not actually alive, they do not have DNA. We cannot say


they can reproduce. But they can divide. They do so by accident.


They live in this very twilight zone between not being in that, but


they are not what we would call alive. -- inert. They could be


combined with traditional building materials like paints and carbon.


Cleaning up the atmosphere and creating a reinforced shell around


a building. It is still a long way from industrial scale manufacture,


but the concept is being tested beneath a Venice, where protocells


are helping to prevent the city from sinking. We designed a smart


chemistry that would move away from the light-filled canals and


waterways, the city of Venice stands on wood piles. There a


second chemistry will kick in and take carbon dioxide and minerals


out of the water and turn it into a limestone structure. This becomes a


secretion technology. It forms an artificial limestone reef


underneath the city. That stops thieves -- buildings sinking down.


In California Scientists are working on leaving walls filled


with algae that also make fuel for your car. All buildings are heat


sources. When you think of an organism or a plant, you create


heat and buy products. That is what living architecture is. When you


see an empty building and do not know what it could be, it could be


a building that you are running your car or on. These fantastic


ideas are still a long way from being part of daily life. Perhaps


not as far as you might think. are in the middle of a science


fiction present with of these new technologies curating extraordinary


things we have never before experienced. -- creating. Bacteria


could produce by a gas which is methane. It could produce a light.


Algae can take light energy, they can take carbon-dioxide, they can


make a whole range of fuels. We will be able to make useful


substances to help us reduce energy consumption. To create resources


that we can actually use. If there is a way to cover all of the


highways, you could create archways of algae that would absorb all the


emissions of the vehicles and they would grow the fuel to run the


because underneath them. What we can imagine with different forms of


infrastructure, they could become mobile and no magic through robotic


technology into the sky, into the air. -- nomadic. Well, I do not


know about organically mobile cities. It would make finding your


front door after a night up on the town even harder than it is today.


With grave trajectories like we have, the cities of the future will


have to be much more than dumb bricks and mortar if they are going


to cope. Next, the lights... Facebook's 1 bn dollars is a grant


application has resulted in a backlash by users, some of them


have accused it of selling out to a company that is known to harvest


user data. It has attracted 30 million users since it began 18


months ago. Mark Zuckerberg has pledged to develop Instagram as a


separate brand. Sony has forecast a record annual loss of $6.4 billion.


As a result, it is cutting 10,000 jobs worldwide. This followed


Yahoo's decision to cut 2000 jobs. Apple has released a Trojan Call


Flasjback. The Apple Mac infection exposes computers being controlled


remotely by hackers. It is thought to have infected more than 500,000


Macs already. More than 50% of all robberies in major American cities


involved the theft of a mobile phone. As a result, the US Federal


Communications Commission has announced the creation of a shared


database of mobile phone id. Carriers have supported the move


and will block the activation of stolen or lost devices. New laws


will make it a federal crime to tamper with fine ideas. Panasonic


has begun testing a robot capable of, wait for it, shampooing a human


head. This was at Nishinomiya City. The robot washers the hair with its


24 robot figures. The company intends to install the robot in


Here is such a neat piece of technology that has come away. -- a


new piece. We looked at wearable technology last week. Cyclists


among you would be interested in these. Yeah fanlights I he, you are


Twilight is their -- you will find a light is there. A vibration


switch turns the lights on. It gives you a chance to get around


the corner with both hands on the handlebar. These are only available


in the UK. The rest of Europe by autumn. There are �130. Not much


more than the normal breed the ball rain jacket. It is controlled from


a battery pack. Now, wearable and personal tech is not just confined


to clothing. In the movies, everyone is walking around with


these heads up displays which a superimposing extra used for


information out what they're looking at. If you fancy that, you


can wait until we get chips implanted into our heads, or we can


have a look at these next batch of hi-tech eye tech. Many years ago,


this was what she needed to experience a terminator star heads


up display. That is way too heavy. We no longer require the strength


of a machine from the future. Apps like Layar, relay information about


the world. Flipper uses advertising Lobos. -- logos. Even smart phones


can be is cumbersome if you want to do anything that requires more than


one hand. Assuming that you are good enough to concentrate on


anything but surviving as you hurtle down the hill. Skiers can


get goggles fitted with GPS and senses to showed speed on a micro


energy display. Even though I'm getting extra data I'm losing vital


information. With the goggles on I cannot see the Crown directly in


front of my skis. The screen is sharp. Instead of saying something


directly across my vision, it is at the bottom. Every time I check my


stats, I take my eyes of the real world. Some of the blame should go


to a low-tech eyes. The human eye cannot focus at two different


distances at the same time. This biological fact affects their


displays -- headset. The real object is much further away than


that. Innovega is an American out it which specialises in wearable


displays. They developed Acorn's -- contact lens. Users can focus on


two things at once. It lets light going to the middle of the pupils.


Your rates now receives each image in focus at the same time. -- your


retina. It will be available to the public in 2014. In normal contact


lenses you're looking out to be what with a prescription. It will


sharpen your focus. Imagine adding an element, to the contact lens


that gives you another focal plane. Normally, for example with a camera,


you will focus on something distant were a particular spot. By wearing


our contact lens you easily have this multi- focus or dual focus.


You are doing something that humans do not normally do. The lenses are


yet to be approved for public use, and we could not test them


personally. Assuming a brain scan the cipher, two points of focus,


this could be it can change. Microsoft researchers are working


to make these devices perform, not just as a visual aid, but as they


help monitor. Receding and broadcasting information


specifically about blood glucose levels. There is a small antenna


that sits under the periphery of the contact lens that communicates


with a mobile device nearby. This is akin to what you see with radio


frequency ID tabs. A very small scaled-down version of that. Very


small Chemical senses that see inside the contact lens. If sending


data from the eyes does not sound futuristic enough, try a head-up


display that leads the wearer control their surroundings without


charge or gesture. This is a blink interface, on a very posh remote-


control glasses. The can simply where these glasses which it detect


your personal blink, when you in testily blink, it changes. That


will be detected by a photoreflector. Simple if you work


at MIT. A photoreflector measures changes in light. These are


standing at sci-fi scenarios require one thing, information to


why the late. Google has been working on it too. They unveiled


their project class concept to be her last week. It may be moving


from sites fiction into science fact. For some people it might be


information overload. Do you remember doing algebra at


school? I used to love algebra. Maybe you did not. I'm talking


about stuff like if 8,000 divided by two to the power of x=4, what is


next? What good would be stimulated in life? Kate Russell has been


pondering peace. She think she found a universal aunts of. Every


now and then someone comes up with an idea that changes the world,


that's what Julius Sterling Guy Fox do. They gather the greatest


thinkers of that time to brainstorm global problems with technology.


They have been compared weepy TET lectures. X is a solution. A


solution to an insurmountable problem. Like climate change or


cancer. One that affects the world. Julius Sterling Guy Fox meetings


brings together sight tests to discuss global problems using


moonshots. This is to describe the fanciful ideas between sci-fi and


reality. If you like your sights more down-to-earth, I discovered


his YouTube Janell while researching Schrodinger's cat. Net


physics takes complex theories and attempts to unravel them for the


less scientific mind with his motion animation. -- Minette


physics. The internet knows no boundaries. That is not quite true.


Language can still be a barrier for communicating with your social


connections across the globe. The multi- life .com --


themultilife.com, uses a putting translation tool and speech


synthesiser. -- a built in. As well as chatting with overseas France,


these platform will help those with impaired vision to get the most out


of the social wed. It does not do anything fancy other than the


translations. It does not have to. Just signed up, set your mother


tongue and everything else happens on autopilot. It takes a few


seconds for a beast speech plug-in to start playing, but it is a great


way to speak with France some other countries. -- France. The battle of


the music streaming apse continue with two of the best known players


now available for your black area. These are is a popular choice. They


recently announced that they are running out services to to Rada


countries later this year. You can download the at three Blackberry


App World, there is great sharing facilities with BDM integration.


150 countries around the world to go. Notably they are not the mayor


and Japan. They are already saturated and not offer good market


growth. If you prefer Spotify, they made it available for a black


'Queen Mary II' to them about page. -- Blackberry. Check the website


for more. -- Web page. They launched their play but and this


week allowing you to integrate music into your blog. -- play


button. If you want something even more exciting to do with your


iPhone, Max pain shooting game goes mad bar this way, released on ils


with enjoy it uses in the cross hairs towards the end of the month.


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