14/04/2012 Click


14/04/2012

Future cities - how will buildings adapt to humans and become more like us? Plus a look at the tech you can wear. Including tech news and Webscape.


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rebuilding her life. -- Tina. Now From smart lighting to home-grown

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homes and offices. This week on Click we visit the living,

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breathing, thinking cities of the future. We stare into hi-tech eye

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tech. There is the smart cycling jacket with built-in indicators and

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a website to solve the world's problems. At last. That's in

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Webscape. Welcome to Click. We talk a lot on this programme about

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bringing your home to life with amazing technology. This week we

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find out what would happen if the buildings themselves could come to

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life. Imagine a home that had eyes and ears and could sense what is

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going on inside it. Or a digesting system that could make fuel for

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your car. They are not as sci-fi as you might think. By 2052 thirds of

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the world's population will live in cities. That is an awful lot of

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people. The cities will have to change radically to take the strain.

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I think the urban environment is going to become increasingly

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networked. Everything that we see around us, every object, every

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chair, every table is going to be filled with a sensor technology.

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Buildings already know how many people are in them to control

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climate. If a lot of what is happening in sustainable

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architecture today is based on the idea of a biomimicry, the signs

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that upbeat nature. This building in Barcelona has got a light

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sensitive skin that I just and inflates to protect those inside

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and help moderate the temperature. -- adjusts. Greenalls teeming with

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natural life to make sustainable development and create a healthier

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environment. Like this development at Stockwell Street. We have got

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3,000 square metres, we are going to have aquaponics up there, we

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will have food up there. It will be very important for biodiversity.

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these projects are happening today in cities all over the world. There

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is a growing group of Scientists and architects who believe we have

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not touched the surface. Philip Beesley envisions responsive a

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buildings. We are making clouds of material come up were together in

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very delicate ways. When we compress them together, we can see

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them working together as rooms, walls, that breathe. These

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intelligent buildings will know what is going on inside them, the

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furniture might recognise individual bottoms are changing for

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that particular person. Even responding to mood for the perfect

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amount of recline. Scientists like Dr Rachel Armstrong believes that

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one day cities will not be built at all, but grown using biological

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materials. It sounds far-fetched, but her research in synthetic

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biology has produced protocells, engineered to behave like organic

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cells. It is not actually alive, they do not have DNA. We cannot say

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they can reproduce. But they can divide. They do so by accident.

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They live in this very twilight zone between not being in that, but

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they are not what we would call alive. -- inert. They could be

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combined with traditional building materials like paints and carbon.

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Cleaning up the atmosphere and creating a reinforced shell around

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a building. It is still a long way from industrial scale manufacture,

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but the concept is being tested beneath a Venice, where protocells

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are helping to prevent the city from sinking. We designed a smart

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chemistry that would move away from the light-filled canals and

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waterways, the city of Venice stands on wood piles. There a

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second chemistry will kick in and take carbon dioxide and minerals

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out of the water and turn it into a limestone structure. This becomes a

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secretion technology. It forms an artificial limestone reef

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underneath the city. That stops thieves -- buildings sinking down.

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In California Scientists are working on leaving walls filled

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with algae that also make fuel for your car. All buildings are heat

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sources. When you think of an organism or a plant, you create

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heat and buy products. That is what living architecture is. When you

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see an empty building and do not know what it could be, it could be

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a building that you are running your car or on. These fantastic

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ideas are still a long way from being part of daily life. Perhaps

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not as far as you might think. are in the middle of a science

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fiction present with of these new technologies curating extraordinary

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things we have never before experienced. -- creating. Bacteria

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could produce by a gas which is methane. It could produce a light.

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Algae can take light energy, they can take carbon-dioxide, they can

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make a whole range of fuels. We will be able to make useful

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substances to help us reduce energy consumption. To create resources

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that we can actually use. If there is a way to cover all of the

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highways, you could create archways of algae that would absorb all the

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emissions of the vehicles and they would grow the fuel to run the

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because underneath them. What we can imagine with different forms of

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infrastructure, they could become mobile and no magic through robotic

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technology into the sky, into the air. -- nomadic. Well, I do not

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know about organically mobile cities. It would make finding your

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front door after a night up on the town even harder than it is today.

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With grave trajectories like we have, the cities of the future will

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have to be much more than dumb bricks and mortar if they are going

:08:53.:09:03.
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to cope. Next, the lights... Facebook's 1 bn dollars is a grant

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application has resulted in a backlash by users, some of them

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have accused it of selling out to a company that is known to harvest

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user data. It has attracted 30 million users since it began 18

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months ago. Mark Zuckerberg has pledged to develop Instagram as a

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separate brand. Sony has forecast a record annual loss of $6.4 billion.

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As a result, it is cutting 10,000 jobs worldwide. This followed

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Yahoo's decision to cut 2000 jobs. Apple has released a Trojan Call

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Flasjback. The Apple Mac infection exposes computers being controlled

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remotely by hackers. It is thought to have infected more than 500,000

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Macs already. More than 50% of all robberies in major American cities

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involved the theft of a mobile phone. As a result, the US Federal

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Communications Commission has announced the creation of a shared

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database of mobile phone id. Carriers have supported the move

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and will block the activation of stolen or lost devices. New laws

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will make it a federal crime to tamper with fine ideas. Panasonic

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has begun testing a robot capable of, wait for it, shampooing a human

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head. This was at Nishinomiya City. The robot washers the hair with its

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24 robot figures. The company intends to install the robot in

:11:09.:11:19.
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Here is such a neat piece of technology that has come away. -- a

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new piece. We looked at wearable technology last week. Cyclists

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among you would be interested in these. Yeah fanlights I he, you are

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Twilight is their -- you will find a light is there. A vibration

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switch turns the lights on. It gives you a chance to get around

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the corner with both hands on the handlebar. These are only available

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in the UK. The rest of Europe by autumn. There are �130. Not much

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more than the normal breed the ball rain jacket. It is controlled from

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a battery pack. Now, wearable and personal tech is not just confined

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to clothing. In the movies, everyone is walking around with

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these heads up displays which a superimposing extra used for

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information out what they're looking at. If you fancy that, you

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can wait until we get chips implanted into our heads, or we can

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have a look at these next batch of hi-tech eye tech. Many years ago,

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this was what she needed to experience a terminator star heads

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up display. That is way too heavy. We no longer require the strength

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of a machine from the future. Apps like Layar, relay information about

:13:00.:13:10.
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the world. Flipper uses advertising Lobos. -- logos. Even smart phones

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can be is cumbersome if you want to do anything that requires more than

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one hand. Assuming that you are good enough to concentrate on

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anything but surviving as you hurtle down the hill. Skiers can

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get goggles fitted with GPS and senses to showed speed on a micro

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energy display. Even though I'm getting extra data I'm losing vital

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information. With the goggles on I cannot see the Crown directly in

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front of my skis. The screen is sharp. Instead of saying something

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directly across my vision, it is at the bottom. Every time I check my

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stats, I take my eyes of the real world. Some of the blame should go

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to a low-tech eyes. The human eye cannot focus at two different

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distances at the same time. This biological fact affects their

:14:16.:14:26.
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displays -- headset. The real object is much further away than

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that. Innovega is an American out it which specialises in wearable

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displays. They developed Acorn's -- contact lens. Users can focus on

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two things at once. It lets light going to the middle of the pupils.

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Your rates now receives each image in focus at the same time. -- your

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retina. It will be available to the public in 2014. In normal contact

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lenses you're looking out to be what with a prescription. It will

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sharpen your focus. Imagine adding an element, to the contact lens

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that gives you another focal plane. Normally, for example with a camera,

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you will focus on something distant were a particular spot. By wearing

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our contact lens you easily have this multi- focus or dual focus.

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You are doing something that humans do not normally do. The lenses are

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yet to be approved for public use, and we could not test them

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personally. Assuming a brain scan the cipher, two points of focus,

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this could be it can change. Microsoft researchers are working

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to make these devices perform, not just as a visual aid, but as they

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help monitor. Receding and broadcasting information

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specifically about blood glucose levels. There is a small antenna

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that sits under the periphery of the contact lens that communicates

:16:05.:16:15.
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with a mobile device nearby. This is akin to what you see with radio

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frequency ID tabs. A very small scaled-down version of that. Very

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small Chemical senses that see inside the contact lens. If sending

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data from the eyes does not sound futuristic enough, try a head-up

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display that leads the wearer control their surroundings without

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charge or gesture. This is a blink interface, on a very posh remote-

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control glasses. The can simply where these glasses which it detect

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your personal blink, when you in testily blink, it changes. That

:17:03.:17:08.

will be detected by a photoreflector. Simple if you work

:17:08.:17:14.

at MIT. A photoreflector measures changes in light. These are

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standing at sci-fi scenarios require one thing, information to

:17:17.:17:23.

why the late. Google has been working on it too. They unveiled

:17:23.:17:32.

their project class concept to be her last week. It may be moving

:17:32.:17:35.

from sites fiction into science fact. For some people it might be

:17:35.:17:45.
:17:45.:17:45.

information overload. Do you remember doing algebra at

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school? I used to love algebra. Maybe you did not. I'm talking

:17:52.:17:58.

about stuff like if 8,000 divided by two to the power of x=4, what is

:17:59.:18:08.
:18:09.:18:09.

next? What good would be stimulated in life? Kate Russell has been

:18:09.:18:14.

pondering peace. She think she found a universal aunts of. Every

:18:14.:18:22.

now and then someone comes up with an idea that changes the world,

:18:22.:18:26.

that's what Julius Sterling Guy Fox do. They gather the greatest

:18:26.:18:34.

thinkers of that time to brainstorm global problems with technology.

:18:35.:18:43.

They have been compared weepy TET lectures. X is a solution. A

:18:43.:18:48.

solution to an insurmountable problem. Like climate change or

:18:48.:18:56.

cancer. One that affects the world. Julius Sterling Guy Fox meetings

:18:56.:19:01.

brings together sight tests to discuss global problems using

:19:01.:19:08.

moonshots. This is to describe the fanciful ideas between sci-fi and

:19:08.:19:14.

reality. If you like your sights more down-to-earth, I discovered

:19:14.:19:18.

his YouTube Janell while researching Schrodinger's cat. Net

:19:18.:19:22.

physics takes complex theories and attempts to unravel them for the

:19:22.:19:32.

less scientific mind with his motion animation. -- Minette

:19:32.:19:42.
:19:42.:19:42.

physics. The internet knows no boundaries. That is not quite true.

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Language can still be a barrier for communicating with your social

:19:46.:19:56.
:19:56.:19:56.

connections across the globe. The multi- life .com --

:19:56.:20:00.

themultilife.com, uses a putting translation tool and speech

:20:00.:20:07.

synthesiser. -- a built in. As well as chatting with overseas France,

:20:07.:20:10.

these platform will help those with impaired vision to get the most out

:20:10.:20:14.

of the social wed. It does not do anything fancy other than the

:20:14.:20:19.

translations. It does not have to. Just signed up, set your mother

:20:19.:20:24.

tongue and everything else happens on autopilot. It takes a few

:20:24.:20:28.

seconds for a beast speech plug-in to start playing, but it is a great

:20:28.:20:38.
:20:38.:20:38.

way to speak with France some other countries. -- France. The battle of

:20:38.:20:42.

the music streaming apse continue with two of the best known players

:20:42.:20:47.

now available for your black area. These are is a popular choice. They

:20:47.:20:53.

recently announced that they are running out services to to Rada

:20:53.:20:56.

countries later this year. You can download the at three Blackberry

:20:56.:21:00.

App World, there is great sharing facilities with BDM integration.

:21:00.:21:10.
:21:10.:21:10.

150 countries around the world to go. Notably they are not the mayor

:21:10.:21:16.

and Japan. They are already saturated and not offer good market

:21:16.:21:20.

growth. If you prefer Spotify, they made it available for a black

:21:20.:21:29.

'Queen Mary II' to them about page. -- Blackberry. Check the website

:21:29.:21:39.
:21:39.:21:40.

for more. -- Web page. They launched their play but and this

:21:40.:21:43.

week allowing you to integrate music into your blog. -- play

:21:43.:21:49.

button. If you want something even more exciting to do with your

:21:49.:21:54.

iPhone, Max pain shooting game goes mad bar this way, released on ils

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with enjoy it uses in the cross hairs towards the end of the month.

:21:59.:22:09.
:22:09.:22:12.

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