19/05/2012 Click


19/05/2012

Click travels to India to look at the tech that is trying to count its enormous population. Plus the cheap tablets hoping to take a bite out of the big apple.


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journey across the UK. Those are the headlines. Now it is

:00:02.:00:11.

time for Click. Listen up. I am 100% positive it is

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this way. We missed the turn to Mars ago. Right. -- two miles ago.

:00:18.:00:28.
:00:28.:00:39.

Welcome. Welcome to Bangalore in southern India. Of all the

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countries we have been to this is the one that has been making the

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most noise in the world of technology. Believe me, that is a

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lot of noise. This week we are hitting the second

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most populous country in the world to look at the technology that is

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trying to count these enormous population.

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In a place where price is paramount, we look at the cheap tablets hoping

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to take a bite out of the Big Apple. There is a trip on a wi-fi bus,

:01:12.:01:15.

adored in that the countryside and of course the very best of this

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week's Wedd in Webscape. Hang on to those dots. Our custom

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transportation is heading east. We are leaving London behind and

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flying 6,000 miles to a city that has been at the centre of the

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technology boom. Welcome to Bangalore. It is thus robbing

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chaotic place in a country of 1.2 billion people. If you take to the

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roads you would be forgiven for thinking every single one of them

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is here. In fact by the year 2050 India is expected to overtake China

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and become the most populous country on the planet. Bangalore

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itself has become a relatively affluent city, filled with the

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burgeoning middle class enjoying the fruits of its labour. The

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People's Study in modern colleges and work in technology firms that

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these days are more than just outsourcing and call centres. Not

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that anyone can deny that these two areas have been responsible for a

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loss of the wealth. Check this out. -- a lot of. Nothing says expensive

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technology park like some mad architecture. This can this belongs

:02:31.:02:36.

to Infosys, one of the country's largest technology companies. It is

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one of several throughout the region. You can see why they call

:02:40.:02:47.

this place the Silicon Valley of India. In fact India is the first

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country to get its hands on this, the very first smartphones from

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Intel. This is an important device for the chip giant as the world

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moves towards more portable devices. Reviews suggest this Android

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powered iPhone lookalike performs well, although it has nothing to

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make it stand out, as the others on sale. Whether many people here will

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be able to afford the $450 device is another matter. Although there

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are almost 900 million mobile connections in India, high-end

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smartphones cost a significant proportion of the average wage.

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India's explosion on to the landscape has not come without its

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problems. Bangalore's infrastructure have all struggled

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to keep up with its swelling population. And of course as big a

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deal as technology is here, it is still only a tiny part of a

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developing nation as relatively work the of the IT workers are they

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are only a fraction of a very poor country. In fact there is a

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significant proportion of India's population who do not even exist

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according to official records. And that is because so many people live

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miles from the nearest city, town or village. As it happens the man

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who co-founded Infosys in 1981 has in recent years turned his

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attention to helping to improve the quality of life. We have been to

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see one of his projects which aims to ensure everybody in India is

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counted. A universally recognised form of

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identification is an important thing in a country like India.

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In order to receive welfare and state aid, proof of identification

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is crucial. When you go to claim some sort of subsidy from the

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government, or you are getting benefits from the government, you

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need to establish that you are the person that you claim that you are.

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This is a problem because around 300 million Indians do not possess

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an adequate form of official ID. Paper identity schemes have been

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tried in the past with little success.

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So a scheme has been developed to help people prove they are indeed

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who they say they are. India is of course a massive country with a

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huge population. It is the sheer size of that population that

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creates a big problem for the Indian government, which is why we

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have come to this residential block in Bangalore, a small area of it

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has been set aside as an enrolment centre for an initiative -- for a

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special initiative designed to give a unique ID to hundreds of millions

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of individual citizens. It's at centres like these people

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all over India are registering for it. There biometric data is

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captured and entered into the system in about ten minutes. This

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doctor is the deputy Director General of the unique

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identification Authority of India, the organisation tasked with

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implementing this ID scheme. the first time in this country we

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are establishing a unique identity for every resident. Unlike the

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identities we have used so far, this is not a physical form. It is

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an electronic form. We are looking at it from the residents' point of

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view with respect to delivery of various services. It is more a

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welfare Oriented scheme than as the -- security concern. One of the

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biggest issues is corruption. Another one is a lot of subsidies.

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A lot of this goes to people who are not entitled to get subsidies.

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They managed to get hold of identification cards. They claim

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subsidies that are not entitled to. This is one problem that this is

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trying to address. A huge challenge, creating a unique ID for large

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parts of the Indian population. The process begins here. First a

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photograph is taken. Then fingerprints and viruses are

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scanned. This biometric data forms the basis of that ID. In addition

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to biometric data the individual concerned then adds their name, sex,

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age and vocation. This information is added to the database and create

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their universal ID. While the technology is simple and robust,

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there are still lots of problems creating an accurate database which

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accounts for a population as large as India's. Very large number of

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people in this country are agricultural labourers.

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Agricultural labour in this country is very much manual. We don't drive

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tractors very much. People literally soil and toil in the

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field. The fingerprints are gone for many. Of course we use other

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forms, including the virus. Sometimes signature, photograph.

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This scheme is entirely voluntary. The incentive to join four Indians

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is to ensure continued access to state services. While ensuring that

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the right people get the right government aid is important, the

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notion of a centralised ID database has raised civil liberties concerns

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in some quarters. If you can identify anyone across the country

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there might be places you don't want to be identified. For example

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on the internet. If I'm going to a cyber cafe, the government could

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come out saying that you need to collect I D before you lock him in.

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All of my internet activity, the government can look any time.

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country like India this is natural. -- is apprehension is natural. We

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have a committee to go into the kind of demographic data we must

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collect. We should collect the most minimal data regarding the personal

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attributes. We collect what I call four fields confined to the name,

:09:16.:09:21.

gender, the date of birth, and place of residence. I am not saying

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privacy is not important for many people. But for 300 million people,

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getting access to daily bread is more important. Those people don't

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care too much about this. project is ongoing. So far about

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200 million people across the nation have already been registered.

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That number is expected to double by the middle of next year.

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That was on India's attempts to let every single person and -- stand-up.

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Public-transport in India is infamous for being crowded and

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chaotic. But I have to say this vehicle is a lot more chilled. It

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is one on which you are guaranteed not to miss your connection.

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This is a special bus that runs from the centre of Bangalore to the

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international airport. It is destiny -- it is testing an idea

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designed to keep commuters entertained. Tablets at the back of

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the seats. These touch screen devices sport skinned versions of

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Google's Android operating system, meaning passengers had a choice of

:10:30.:10:35.

just a few apps and Webb says as -- services. The touch screen is not

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that responsive. Almost certainly a problem caused by the fact the

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screens need to survive a lot of heavy-handed action. The tablets

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talk to the bus using wi-fi and the bus talks to the rest of the world

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over at 3G connection. In actual fact it has two high-speed

:10:53.:10:57.

connections on board. Each one can achieve a maximum of 21 megabits

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per second. Realistically they won't get near that. That has to be

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shared through all of the tabloids on board. It should be fine for

:11:04.:11:08.

simple surfing but if everyone uses YouTube at the same time it could

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get patch -- it could get patchy. Since the bus news between mobile

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cells at speed the 3D reception itself can also be a bit patchy

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leading to occasional freezing. The treaty connection also allows the

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company running the tablets to monitor connections to push out new

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apps and send targeted adds up to those on particular groups based on

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the surfing habits. This service is not for everybody. The cost of a

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ticket is between 50 and 240 rupees, about the price of a restaurant

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meal. This is definitely for working, middle class and up. That

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is the type of person who will be travelling to the airport anyway.

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A more from India in a couple of minutes. First, this week's Tech

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News. And new milestone in Facebook history as it went public this week.

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25% more shares were made available in response to strong investor

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demand. But some investors see the $100 billion valuation as a bit

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inflated. Facebook is moving into an era of mobile use which it has

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not figured out how to monetise effectively yet. Others are looking

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to other recent IPOs which have not performed as planned. After much

:12:27.:12:31.

controversy Apple has dropped all mentions of 4 G on the adverts for

:12:31.:12:35.

its new iPad. It has since transpired that it is only

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compatible with the American version of 4 G and does not use the

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radio frequencies used by the European's networks. Apple says it

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has decided to stick to the terms, wi-fi and cellular. China's biggest

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search engine has announced plans to announce its -- to launch its

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own smartphone. The Chanhong H5018 will be powered by the Baidu cloud

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smart operating system. They plan to make it compatible with all

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operating systems. They plan to sell it for about $150. Honda Motor

:13:12.:13:17.

has unveiled its latest vision for personal mobility devices, the Yumi

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Club. The Ryder controls this self balancing unicycle by slightly

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shifting their weight. It's they can expect at top speed of 6kph.

:13:27.:13:37.

The battery lasts for 60 minutes. It is incredible to think that

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almost one-sixth of the population in the world live in India. Not

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many live in cities as technologically obsessed as

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Bangalore. So how do you encourage more people to become both fey with

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the latest technology? We felt -- we sent our correspondent to find

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out more about the Tabard. All of us are bargain-hunters at

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heart but is it worth buying something just because it is going

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cheap? Gadget hunters in Bangalore head to the market, an oasis of

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unbranded electronics. On display, mainly mobile phones and

:14:14.:14:18.

accessories. On closer examination there is a new form factor in town.

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Tabs. Not just top end but bargain basement as well. Fenders challenge

:14:23.:14:28.

is to make their tablets stand out while tempting people away from the

:14:28.:14:33.

ever popular smartphone. To be successful in any market place

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especially when the competition is stiff you need to offer more than

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the shop next door. There is a couple of ways to do this. Like

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adding features. This is Intel Studybook aimed at the Indian

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market. There is a rubber band inside protecting the innards from

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dusty and sandy conditions. It has all but the modern features you

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would expect like the screen. But it is not cheap. It costs around

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the same as a dead stop computer. The other way is to go for value

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for mother up -- for money. This is half the price of the study book.

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And it comes in a box. But the screen is resistive. The rock-

:15:15.:15:25.

bottom price is due to cutting back Defeated his imported not to

:15:25.:15:35.
:15:35.:15:52.

A large part of the consumer Who experience on cheaper tabs will

:15:53.:15:59.

be different. The challenge is dealing with expectations. The CEO

:15:59.:16:05.

is no stranger to this. His part -- his company partnered with the

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Indian government. They gave 220 million students beekeepers tablets

:16:11.:16:20.

in the world. There are 48 million internet users in a country of 100

:16:20.:16:29.

Those people can act for the iPad. The performance expectations are

:16:29.:16:37.

set by the user experience. Those price constraints meant lower spec

:16:37.:16:42.

components. That, combined with people and the depressed, meant

:16:42.:16:49.

that the first version ran into criticism. We showed a product road

:16:49.:16:58.

map, versions 2, 3, 4 and five. We said, heres version one. There is

:16:58.:17:03.

more to come. Do not judge this cannot buy what version one is.

:17:03.:17:11.

improvements followed. As well as a high-capacity screen, this should

:17:11.:17:16.

run faster than the first one, courtesy of a new processor. They

:17:16.:17:23.

will make a commercial on the subsidised version. The programme

:17:23.:17:29.

is an example of the government's eagerness to prioritise education.

:17:29.:17:38.

But is a low-cost tablet the best way to do it? They are small. Our

:17:38.:17:43.

primary students like models like this. They used bigger computers

:17:43.:17:50.

and laptops. The like that. At this institute, students learn on

:17:51.:17:57.

laptops. They say introducing people to a low cost tab that will

:17:57.:18:07.
:18:07.:18:14.

It will make them feel safer. It is There is massive income in the

:18:14.:18:19.

after-sales market. Advertising revenue will bring in real money.

:18:19.:18:25.

The device that eventually wins, beat smartphones or tablets, will

:18:25.:18:30.

not be that important. If you want to see innovation, you

:18:30.:18:35.

might be tempted to visit countries like Japan or South Korea. Some of

:18:35.:18:39.

the most interesting innovations happen in the developing world.

:18:39.:18:43.

Here, technology is forged out of necessity. If they need something

:18:43.:18:49.

to do, they will hack existing TEC to do it. They will get to make

:18:49.:18:54.

different types of technology and why it together to get the job done.

:18:54.:19:04.
:19:04.:19:08.

We show you how to water your crops using your mobile phone.

:19:08.:19:18.
:19:18.:19:22.

This is an irrigation settled. It involves a daily walk. Power

:19:22.:19:27.

cuts in rural areas are long and frequent. His entire journey is

:19:27.:19:34.

wasted. This is something that is designed to save him a lot of time.

:19:34.:19:40.

This box contains the insides of a mobile phone. The farmer can call

:19:40.:19:44.

this box from his mobile phone, and that this will control the Pops

:19:44.:19:52.

system without him coming to go anywhere near it. This man need to

:19:52.:20:00.

make two calls. If the Jews is flowing, he makes a second call

:20:00.:20:05.

which powers the pump and flows -- sent a confirmation text that

:20:05.:20:12.

ensures him that his crop is getting watered. Clever stuff. In

:20:12.:20:19.

parts of India, recall that innovation. He is Kate Russell with

:20:19.:20:28.

I love going through YouTube look good for random videos. But

:20:28.:20:38.

everyone has much time to waste as I do. Sir I use SnipReel to Laxman

:20:38.:20:41.

-- maximum satisfaction for minimum procrastination, looking for the

:20:42.:20:50.

best videos. There are slick professionally edited videos on

:20:50.:20:55.

YouTube. I would not mess with those. These are good for finding

:20:55.:21:05.
:21:05.:21:06.

gems hidden inside people's home movies. SnipReel that he mark

:21:06.:21:12.

points to create a highlight will, and to share with Twitter. --

:21:12.:21:22.
:21:22.:21:33.

How would you like to watch the use on your Windows 7 while not on a

:21:33.:21:39.

Wi-Fi connection, without cost to you any data usage? YouTube Pro is

:21:39.:21:49.
:21:49.:21:51.

an act to let you watch videos and If you activate background

:21:51.:21:55.

downloading, you can make a collection of videos and even

:21:55.:21:59.

chugging away. As long as your handset is plugged in and running

:21:59.:22:03.

on the Wi-Fi Connection, there is no limit to the size you can

:22:03.:22:08.

download. As long as your hand so it has the space to store it all.

:22:09.:22:13.

You will need to lock him with your Windows Live ID, if you want to use

:22:13.:22:18.

the favourite feature. You can access your own video collection.

:22:18.:22:23.

It can be handy for boring people... I mean, showing people this

:22:23.:22:33.
:22:33.:22:34.

fascinating family videos. In the UK, there is exciting initiatives

:22:34.:22:38.

aimed at children taking an interest in computer science. If

:22:38.:22:45.

you're an educator, youth worker or parent, CS Unplugged. All have some

:22:45.:22:49.

fantastic resources helping children understand the basics of

:22:49.:22:59.
:22:59.:23:00.

computer science without realising What I love about this site it is

:23:00.:23:05.

crammed full of fun and strategic games that games that basics of

:23:05.:23:10.

programming principles. Like binary numbers, are rhythms and data

:23:10.:23:14.

compression. By late -- by relating these subjects to fund things in

:23:15.:23:19.

the real world, it can help children understand them. There are

:23:19.:23:24.

activity sheets, so you know how to run the Games. They can be

:23:24.:23:30.

downloaded in many languages. They are teacher needs and even a

:23:30.:23:34.

YouTube channel. A great set of educational tools for the next

:23:34.:23:44.
:23:44.:23:51.

A couple of old familiars have added a few new features of this

:23:51.:23:57.

week. This Flipboard has integrated audio. It is the first one to do so

:23:57.:24:04.

of its type. As we predicted last week, Twitter is rolling out a

:24:04.:24:11.

weekly e-mail digest for all those twigs. -- people who cannot be

:24:11.:24:21.
:24:21.:24:22.

glued to a computer all day. That's it from click in India. I

:24:22.:24:28.

Click travels to India to look at the tech that is trying to count its enormous population. Plus the cheap tablets hoping to take a bite out of the big apple.


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