Click travels to India to look at the tech that is trying to count its enormous population. Plus the cheap tablets hoping to take a bite out of the big apple.
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journey across the UK. Those are the headlines. Now it is
time for Click. Listen up. I am 100% positive it is
this way. We missed the turn to Mars ago. Right. -- two miles ago.
Welcome. Welcome to Bangalore in southern India. Of all the
countries we have been to this is the one that has been making the
most noise in the world of technology. Believe me, that is a
lot of noise. This week we are hitting the second
most populous country in the world to look at the technology that is
trying to count these enormous population.
In a place where price is paramount, we look at the cheap tablets hoping
to take a bite out of the Big Apple. There is a trip on a wi-fi bus,
adored in that the countryside and of course the very best of this
week's Wedd in Webscape. Hang on to those dots. Our custom
transportation is heading east. We are leaving London behind and
flying 6,000 miles to a city that has been at the centre of the
technology boom. Welcome to Bangalore. It is thus robbing
chaotic place in a country of 1.2 billion people. If you take to the
roads you would be forgiven for thinking every single one of them
is here. In fact by the year 2050 India is expected to overtake China
and become the most populous country on the planet. Bangalore
itself has become a relatively affluent city, filled with the
burgeoning middle class enjoying the fruits of its labour. The
People's Study in modern colleges and work in technology firms that
these days are more than just outsourcing and call centres. Not
that anyone can deny that these two areas have been responsible for a
loss of the wealth. Check this out. -- a lot of. Nothing says expensive
technology park like some mad architecture. This can this belongs
to Infosys, one of the country's largest technology companies. It is
one of several throughout the region. You can see why they call
this place the Silicon Valley of India. In fact India is the first
country to get its hands on this, the very first smartphones from
Intel. This is an important device for the chip giant as the world
moves towards more portable devices. Reviews suggest this Android
powered iPhone lookalike performs well, although it has nothing to
make it stand out, as the others on sale. Whether many people here will
be able to afford the $450 device is another matter. Although there
are almost 900 million mobile connections in India, high-end
smartphones cost a significant proportion of the average wage.
India's explosion on to the landscape has not come without its
problems. Bangalore's infrastructure have all struggled
to keep up with its swelling population. And of course as big a
deal as technology is here, it is still only a tiny part of a
developing nation as relatively work the of the IT workers are they
are only a fraction of a very poor country. In fact there is a
significant proportion of India's population who do not even exist
according to official records. And that is because so many people live
miles from the nearest city, town or village. As it happens the man
who co-founded Infosys in 1981 has in recent years turned his
attention to helping to improve the quality of life. We have been to
see one of his projects which aims to ensure everybody in India is
counted. A universally recognised form of
identification is an important thing in a country like India.
In order to receive welfare and state aid, proof of identification
is crucial. When you go to claim some sort of subsidy from the
government, or you are getting benefits from the government, you
need to establish that you are the person that you claim that you are.
This is a problem because around 300 million Indians do not possess
an adequate form of official ID. Paper identity schemes have been
tried in the past with little success.
So a scheme has been developed to help people prove they are indeed
who they say they are. India is of course a massive country with a
huge population. It is the sheer size of that population that
creates a big problem for the Indian government, which is why we
have come to this residential block in Bangalore, a small area of it
has been set aside as an enrolment centre for an initiative -- for a
special initiative designed to give a unique ID to hundreds of millions
of individual citizens. It's at centres like these people
all over India are registering for it. There biometric data is
captured and entered into the system in about ten minutes. This
doctor is the deputy Director General of the unique
identification Authority of India, the organisation tasked with
implementing this ID scheme. the first time in this country we
are establishing a unique identity for every resident. Unlike the
identities we have used so far, this is not a physical form. It is
an electronic form. We are looking at it from the residents' point of
view with respect to delivery of various services. It is more a
welfare Oriented scheme than as the -- security concern. One of the
biggest issues is corruption. Another one is a lot of subsidies.
A lot of this goes to people who are not entitled to get subsidies.
They managed to get hold of identification cards. They claim
subsidies that are not entitled to. This is one problem that this is
trying to address. A huge challenge, creating a unique ID for large
parts of the Indian population. The process begins here. First a
photograph is taken. Then fingerprints and viruses are
scanned. This biometric data forms the basis of that ID. In addition
to biometric data the individual concerned then adds their name, sex,
age and vocation. This information is added to the database and create
their universal ID. While the technology is simple and robust,
there are still lots of problems creating an accurate database which
accounts for a population as large as India's. Very large number of
people in this country are agricultural labourers.
Agricultural labour in this country is very much manual. We don't drive
tractors very much. People literally soil and toil in the
field. The fingerprints are gone for many. Of course we use other
forms, including the virus. Sometimes signature, photograph.
This scheme is entirely voluntary. The incentive to join four Indians
is to ensure continued access to state services. While ensuring that
the right people get the right government aid is important, the
notion of a centralised ID database has raised civil liberties concerns
in some quarters. If you can identify anyone across the country
there might be places you don't want to be identified. For example
on the internet. If I'm going to a cyber cafe, the government could
come out saying that you need to collect I D before you lock him in.
All of my internet activity, the government can look any time.
country like India this is natural. -- is apprehension is natural. We
have a committee to go into the kind of demographic data we must
collect. We should collect the most minimal data regarding the personal
attributes. We collect what I call four fields confined to the name,
gender, the date of birth, and place of residence. I am not saying
privacy is not important for many people. But for 300 million people,
getting access to daily bread is more important. Those people don't
care too much about this. project is ongoing. So far about
200 million people across the nation have already been registered.
That number is expected to double by the middle of next year.
That was on India's attempts to let every single person and -- stand-up.
Public-transport in India is infamous for being crowded and
chaotic. But I have to say this vehicle is a lot more chilled. It
is one on which you are guaranteed not to miss your connection.
This is a special bus that runs from the centre of Bangalore to the
international airport. It is destiny -- it is testing an idea
designed to keep commuters entertained. Tablets at the back of
the seats. These touch screen devices sport skinned versions of
Google's Android operating system, meaning passengers had a choice of
just a few apps and Webb says as -- services. The touch screen is not
that responsive. Almost certainly a problem caused by the fact the
screens need to survive a lot of heavy-handed action. The tablets
talk to the bus using wi-fi and the bus talks to the rest of the world
over at 3G connection. In actual fact it has two high-speed
connections on board. Each one can achieve a maximum of 21 megabits
per second. Realistically they won't get near that. That has to be
shared through all of the tabloids on board. It should be fine for
simple surfing but if everyone uses YouTube at the same time it could
get patch -- it could get patchy. Since the bus news between mobile
cells at speed the 3D reception itself can also be a bit patchy
leading to occasional freezing. The treaty connection also allows the
company running the tablets to monitor connections to push out new
apps and send targeted adds up to those on particular groups based on
the surfing habits. This service is not for everybody. The cost of a
ticket is between 50 and 240 rupees, about the price of a restaurant
meal. This is definitely for working, middle class and up. That
is the type of person who will be travelling to the airport anyway.
A more from India in a couple of minutes. First, this week's Tech
News. And new milestone in Facebook history as it went public this week.
25% more shares were made available in response to strong investor
demand. But some investors see the $100 billion valuation as a bit
inflated. Facebook is moving into an era of mobile use which it has
not figured out how to monetise effectively yet. Others are looking
to other recent IPOs which have not performed as planned. After much
controversy Apple has dropped all mentions of 4 G on the adverts for
its new iPad. It has since transpired that it is only
compatible with the American version of 4 G and does not use the
radio frequencies used by the European's networks. Apple says it
has decided to stick to the terms, wi-fi and cellular. China's biggest
search engine has announced plans to announce its -- to launch its
own smartphone. The Chanhong H5018 will be powered by the Baidu cloud
smart operating system. They plan to make it compatible with all
operating systems. They plan to sell it for about $150. Honda Motor
has unveiled its latest vision for personal mobility devices, the Yumi
Club. The Ryder controls this self balancing unicycle by slightly
shifting their weight. It's they can expect at top speed of 6kph.
The battery lasts for 60 minutes. It is incredible to think that
almost one-sixth of the population in the world live in India. Not
many live in cities as technologically obsessed as
Bangalore. So how do you encourage more people to become both fey with
the latest technology? We felt -- we sent our correspondent to find
out more about the Tabard. All of us are bargain-hunters at
heart but is it worth buying something just because it is going
cheap? Gadget hunters in Bangalore head to the market, an oasis of
unbranded electronics. On display, mainly mobile phones and
accessories. On closer examination there is a new form factor in town.
Tabs. Not just top end but bargain basement as well. Fenders challenge
is to make their tablets stand out while tempting people away from the
ever popular smartphone. To be successful in any market place
especially when the competition is stiff you need to offer more than
the shop next door. There is a couple of ways to do this. Like
adding features. This is Intel Studybook aimed at the Indian
market. There is a rubber band inside protecting the innards from
dusty and sandy conditions. It has all but the modern features you
would expect like the screen. But it is not cheap. It costs around
the same as a dead stop computer. The other way is to go for value
for mother up -- for money. This is half the price of the study book.
And it comes in a box. But the screen is resistive. The rock-
bottom price is due to cutting back Defeated his imported not to
A large part of the consumer Who experience on cheaper tabs will
be different. The challenge is dealing with expectations. The CEO
is no stranger to this. His part -- his company partnered with the
Indian government. They gave 220 million students beekeepers tablets
in the world. There are 48 million internet users in a country of 100
Those people can act for the iPad. The performance expectations are
set by the user experience. Those price constraints meant lower spec
components. That, combined with people and the depressed, meant
that the first version ran into criticism. We showed a product road
map, versions 2, 3, 4 and five. We said, heres version one. There is
more to come. Do not judge this cannot buy what version one is.
improvements followed. As well as a high-capacity screen, this should
run faster than the first one, courtesy of a new processor. They
will make a commercial on the subsidised version. The programme
is an example of the government's eagerness to prioritise education.
But is a low-cost tablet the best way to do it? They are small. Our
primary students like models like this. They used bigger computers
and laptops. The like that. At this institute, students learn on
laptops. They say introducing people to a low cost tab that will
It will make them feel safer. It is There is massive income in the
after-sales market. Advertising revenue will bring in real money.
The device that eventually wins, beat smartphones or tablets, will
not be that important. If you want to see innovation, you
might be tempted to visit countries like Japan or South Korea. Some of
the most interesting innovations happen in the developing world.
Here, technology is forged out of necessity. If they need something
to do, they will hack existing TEC to do it. They will get to make
different types of technology and why it together to get the job done.
We show you how to water your crops using your mobile phone.
This is an irrigation settled. It involves a daily walk. Power
cuts in rural areas are long and frequent. His entire journey is
wasted. This is something that is designed to save him a lot of time.
This box contains the insides of a mobile phone. The farmer can call
this box from his mobile phone, and that this will control the Pops
system without him coming to go anywhere near it. This man need to
make two calls. If the Jews is flowing, he makes a second call
which powers the pump and flows -- sent a confirmation text that
ensures him that his crop is getting watered. Clever stuff. In
parts of India, recall that innovation. He is Kate Russell with
I love going through YouTube look good for random videos. But
everyone has much time to waste as I do. Sir I use SnipReel to Laxman
-- maximum satisfaction for minimum procrastination, looking for the
best videos. There are slick professionally edited videos on
YouTube. I would not mess with those. These are good for finding
gems hidden inside people's home movies. SnipReel that he mark
points to create a highlight will, and to share with Twitter. --
How would you like to watch the use on your Windows 7 while not on a
Wi-Fi connection, without cost to you any data usage? YouTube Pro is
an act to let you watch videos and If you activate background
downloading, you can make a collection of videos and even
chugging away. As long as your handset is plugged in and running
on the Wi-Fi Connection, there is no limit to the size you can
download. As long as your hand so it has the space to store it all.
You will need to lock him with your Windows Live ID, if you want to use
the favourite feature. You can access your own video collection.
It can be handy for boring people... I mean, showing people this
fascinating family videos. In the UK, there is exciting initiatives
aimed at children taking an interest in computer science. If
you're an educator, youth worker or parent, CS Unplugged. All have some
fantastic resources helping children understand the basics of
computer science without realising What I love about this site it is
crammed full of fun and strategic games that games that basics of
programming principles. Like binary numbers, are rhythms and data
compression. By late -- by relating these subjects to fund things in
the real world, it can help children understand them. There are
activity sheets, so you know how to run the Games. They can be
downloaded in many languages. They are teacher needs and even a
YouTube channel. A great set of educational tools for the next
A couple of old familiars have added a few new features of this
week. This Flipboard has integrated audio. It is the first one to do so
of its type. As we predicted last week, Twitter is rolling out a
weekly e-mail digest for all those twigs. -- people who cannot be
glued to a computer all day. That's it from click in India. I
Click travels to India to look at the tech that is trying to count its enormous population. Plus the cheap tablets hoping to take a bite out of the big apple.