19/05/2012 Click


Click travels to India to look at the tech that is trying to count its enormous population. Plus the cheap tablets hoping to take a bite out of the big apple.

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journey across the UK. Those are the headlines. Now it is


time for Click. Listen up. I am 100% positive it is


this way. We missed the turn to Mars ago. Right. -- two miles ago.


Welcome. Welcome to Bangalore in southern India. Of all the


countries we have been to this is the one that has been making the


most noise in the world of technology. Believe me, that is a


lot of noise. This week we are hitting the second


most populous country in the world to look at the technology that is


trying to count these enormous population.


In a place where price is paramount, we look at the cheap tablets hoping


to take a bite out of the Big Apple. There is a trip on a wi-fi bus,


adored in that the countryside and of course the very best of this


week's Wedd in Webscape. Hang on to those dots. Our custom


transportation is heading east. We are leaving London behind and


flying 6,000 miles to a city that has been at the centre of the


technology boom. Welcome to Bangalore. It is thus robbing


chaotic place in a country of 1.2 billion people. If you take to the


roads you would be forgiven for thinking every single one of them


is here. In fact by the year 2050 India is expected to overtake China


and become the most populous country on the planet. Bangalore


itself has become a relatively affluent city, filled with the


burgeoning middle class enjoying the fruits of its labour. The


People's Study in modern colleges and work in technology firms that


these days are more than just outsourcing and call centres. Not


that anyone can deny that these two areas have been responsible for a


loss of the wealth. Check this out. -- a lot of. Nothing says expensive


technology park like some mad architecture. This can this belongs


to Infosys, one of the country's largest technology companies. It is


one of several throughout the region. You can see why they call


this place the Silicon Valley of India. In fact India is the first


country to get its hands on this, the very first smartphones from


Intel. This is an important device for the chip giant as the world


moves towards more portable devices. Reviews suggest this Android


powered iPhone lookalike performs well, although it has nothing to


make it stand out, as the others on sale. Whether many people here will


be able to afford the $450 device is another matter. Although there


are almost 900 million mobile connections in India, high-end


smartphones cost a significant proportion of the average wage.


India's explosion on to the landscape has not come without its


problems. Bangalore's infrastructure have all struggled


to keep up with its swelling population. And of course as big a


deal as technology is here, it is still only a tiny part of a


developing nation as relatively work the of the IT workers are they


are only a fraction of a very poor country. In fact there is a


significant proportion of India's population who do not even exist


according to official records. And that is because so many people live


miles from the nearest city, town or village. As it happens the man


who co-founded Infosys in 1981 has in recent years turned his


attention to helping to improve the quality of life. We have been to


see one of his projects which aims to ensure everybody in India is


counted. A universally recognised form of


identification is an important thing in a country like India.


In order to receive welfare and state aid, proof of identification


is crucial. When you go to claim some sort of subsidy from the


government, or you are getting benefits from the government, you


need to establish that you are the person that you claim that you are.


This is a problem because around 300 million Indians do not possess


an adequate form of official ID. Paper identity schemes have been


tried in the past with little success.


So a scheme has been developed to help people prove they are indeed


who they say they are. India is of course a massive country with a


huge population. It is the sheer size of that population that


creates a big problem for the Indian government, which is why we


have come to this residential block in Bangalore, a small area of it


has been set aside as an enrolment centre for an initiative -- for a


special initiative designed to give a unique ID to hundreds of millions


of individual citizens. It's at centres like these people


all over India are registering for it. There biometric data is


captured and entered into the system in about ten minutes. This


doctor is the deputy Director General of the unique


identification Authority of India, the organisation tasked with


implementing this ID scheme. the first time in this country we


are establishing a unique identity for every resident. Unlike the


identities we have used so far, this is not a physical form. It is


an electronic form. We are looking at it from the residents' point of


view with respect to delivery of various services. It is more a


welfare Oriented scheme than as the -- security concern. One of the


biggest issues is corruption. Another one is a lot of subsidies.


A lot of this goes to people who are not entitled to get subsidies.


They managed to get hold of identification cards. They claim


subsidies that are not entitled to. This is one problem that this is


trying to address. A huge challenge, creating a unique ID for large


parts of the Indian population. The process begins here. First a


photograph is taken. Then fingerprints and viruses are


scanned. This biometric data forms the basis of that ID. In addition


to biometric data the individual concerned then adds their name, sex,


age and vocation. This information is added to the database and create


their universal ID. While the technology is simple and robust,


there are still lots of problems creating an accurate database which


accounts for a population as large as India's. Very large number of


people in this country are agricultural labourers.


Agricultural labour in this country is very much manual. We don't drive


tractors very much. People literally soil and toil in the


field. The fingerprints are gone for many. Of course we use other


forms, including the virus. Sometimes signature, photograph.


This scheme is entirely voluntary. The incentive to join four Indians


is to ensure continued access to state services. While ensuring that


the right people get the right government aid is important, the


notion of a centralised ID database has raised civil liberties concerns


in some quarters. If you can identify anyone across the country


there might be places you don't want to be identified. For example


on the internet. If I'm going to a cyber cafe, the government could


come out saying that you need to collect I D before you lock him in.


All of my internet activity, the government can look any time.


country like India this is natural. -- is apprehension is natural. We


have a committee to go into the kind of demographic data we must


collect. We should collect the most minimal data regarding the personal


attributes. We collect what I call four fields confined to the name,


gender, the date of birth, and place of residence. I am not saying


privacy is not important for many people. But for 300 million people,


getting access to daily bread is more important. Those people don't


care too much about this. project is ongoing. So far about


200 million people across the nation have already been registered.


That number is expected to double by the middle of next year.


That was on India's attempts to let every single person and -- stand-up.


Public-transport in India is infamous for being crowded and


chaotic. But I have to say this vehicle is a lot more chilled. It


is one on which you are guaranteed not to miss your connection.


This is a special bus that runs from the centre of Bangalore to the


international airport. It is destiny -- it is testing an idea


designed to keep commuters entertained. Tablets at the back of


the seats. These touch screen devices sport skinned versions of


Google's Android operating system, meaning passengers had a choice of


just a few apps and Webb says as -- services. The touch screen is not


that responsive. Almost certainly a problem caused by the fact the


screens need to survive a lot of heavy-handed action. The tablets


talk to the bus using wi-fi and the bus talks to the rest of the world


over at 3G connection. In actual fact it has two high-speed


connections on board. Each one can achieve a maximum of 21 megabits


per second. Realistically they won't get near that. That has to be


shared through all of the tabloids on board. It should be fine for


simple surfing but if everyone uses YouTube at the same time it could


get patch -- it could get patchy. Since the bus news between mobile


cells at speed the 3D reception itself can also be a bit patchy


leading to occasional freezing. The treaty connection also allows the


company running the tablets to monitor connections to push out new


apps and send targeted adds up to those on particular groups based on


the surfing habits. This service is not for everybody. The cost of a


ticket is between 50 and 240 rupees, about the price of a restaurant


meal. This is definitely for working, middle class and up. That


is the type of person who will be travelling to the airport anyway.


A more from India in a couple of minutes. First, this week's Tech


News. And new milestone in Facebook history as it went public this week.


25% more shares were made available in response to strong investor


demand. But some investors see the $100 billion valuation as a bit


inflated. Facebook is moving into an era of mobile use which it has


not figured out how to monetise effectively yet. Others are looking


to other recent IPOs which have not performed as planned. After much


controversy Apple has dropped all mentions of 4 G on the adverts for


its new iPad. It has since transpired that it is only


compatible with the American version of 4 G and does not use the


radio frequencies used by the European's networks. Apple says it


has decided to stick to the terms, wi-fi and cellular. China's biggest


search engine has announced plans to announce its -- to launch its


own smartphone. The Chanhong H5018 will be powered by the Baidu cloud


smart operating system. They plan to make it compatible with all


operating systems. They plan to sell it for about $150. Honda Motor


has unveiled its latest vision for personal mobility devices, the Yumi


Club. The Ryder controls this self balancing unicycle by slightly


shifting their weight. It's they can expect at top speed of 6kph.


The battery lasts for 60 minutes. It is incredible to think that


almost one-sixth of the population in the world live in India. Not


many live in cities as technologically obsessed as


Bangalore. So how do you encourage more people to become both fey with


the latest technology? We felt -- we sent our correspondent to find


out more about the Tabard. All of us are bargain-hunters at


heart but is it worth buying something just because it is going


cheap? Gadget hunters in Bangalore head to the market, an oasis of


unbranded electronics. On display, mainly mobile phones and


accessories. On closer examination there is a new form factor in town.


Tabs. Not just top end but bargain basement as well. Fenders challenge


is to make their tablets stand out while tempting people away from the


ever popular smartphone. To be successful in any market place


especially when the competition is stiff you need to offer more than


the shop next door. There is a couple of ways to do this. Like


adding features. This is Intel Studybook aimed at the Indian


market. There is a rubber band inside protecting the innards from


dusty and sandy conditions. It has all but the modern features you


would expect like the screen. But it is not cheap. It costs around


the same as a dead stop computer. The other way is to go for value


for mother up -- for money. This is half the price of the study book.


And it comes in a box. But the screen is resistive. The rock-


bottom price is due to cutting back Defeated his imported not to


A large part of the consumer Who experience on cheaper tabs will


be different. The challenge is dealing with expectations. The CEO


is no stranger to this. His part -- his company partnered with the


Indian government. They gave 220 million students beekeepers tablets


in the world. There are 48 million internet users in a country of 100


Those people can act for the iPad. The performance expectations are


set by the user experience. Those price constraints meant lower spec


components. That, combined with people and the depressed, meant


that the first version ran into criticism. We showed a product road


map, versions 2, 3, 4 and five. We said, heres version one. There is


more to come. Do not judge this cannot buy what version one is.


improvements followed. As well as a high-capacity screen, this should


run faster than the first one, courtesy of a new processor. They


will make a commercial on the subsidised version. The programme


is an example of the government's eagerness to prioritise education.


But is a low-cost tablet the best way to do it? They are small. Our


primary students like models like this. They used bigger computers


and laptops. The like that. At this institute, students learn on


laptops. They say introducing people to a low cost tab that will


It will make them feel safer. It is There is massive income in the


after-sales market. Advertising revenue will bring in real money.


The device that eventually wins, beat smartphones or tablets, will


not be that important. If you want to see innovation, you


might be tempted to visit countries like Japan or South Korea. Some of


the most interesting innovations happen in the developing world.


Here, technology is forged out of necessity. If they need something


to do, they will hack existing TEC to do it. They will get to make


different types of technology and why it together to get the job done.


We show you how to water your crops using your mobile phone.


This is an irrigation settled. It involves a daily walk. Power


cuts in rural areas are long and frequent. His entire journey is


wasted. This is something that is designed to save him a lot of time.


This box contains the insides of a mobile phone. The farmer can call


this box from his mobile phone, and that this will control the Pops


system without him coming to go anywhere near it. This man need to


make two calls. If the Jews is flowing, he makes a second call


which powers the pump and flows -- sent a confirmation text that


ensures him that his crop is getting watered. Clever stuff. In


parts of India, recall that innovation. He is Kate Russell with


I love going through YouTube look good for random videos. But


everyone has much time to waste as I do. Sir I use SnipReel to Laxman


-- maximum satisfaction for minimum procrastination, looking for the


best videos. There are slick professionally edited videos on


YouTube. I would not mess with those. These are good for finding


gems hidden inside people's home movies. SnipReel that he mark


points to create a highlight will, and to share with Twitter. --


How would you like to watch the use on your Windows 7 while not on a


Wi-Fi connection, without cost to you any data usage? YouTube Pro is


an act to let you watch videos and If you activate background


downloading, you can make a collection of videos and even


chugging away. As long as your handset is plugged in and running


on the Wi-Fi Connection, there is no limit to the size you can


download. As long as your hand so it has the space to store it all.


You will need to lock him with your Windows Live ID, if you want to use


the favourite feature. You can access your own video collection.


It can be handy for boring people... I mean, showing people this


fascinating family videos. In the UK, there is exciting initiatives


aimed at children taking an interest in computer science. If


you're an educator, youth worker or parent, CS Unplugged. All have some


fantastic resources helping children understand the basics of


computer science without realising What I love about this site it is


crammed full of fun and strategic games that games that basics of


programming principles. Like binary numbers, are rhythms and data


compression. By late -- by relating these subjects to fund things in


the real world, it can help children understand them. There are


activity sheets, so you know how to run the Games. They can be


downloaded in many languages. They are teacher needs and even a


YouTube channel. A great set of educational tools for the next


A couple of old familiars have added a few new features of this


week. This Flipboard has integrated audio. It is the first one to do so


of its type. As we predicted last week, Twitter is rolling out a


weekly e-mail digest for all those twigs. -- people who cannot be


glued to a computer all day. That's it from click in India. I


Click travels to India to look at the tech that is trying to count its enormous population. Plus the cheap tablets hoping to take a bite out of the big apple.

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