24/11/2012 Click


24/11/2012

Click meets scientists who think young children should be kept away from TV, and puts Nintendo's new gaming console Wii U through its paces. Includes tech news and web reviews.


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flood warnings in place. That is it from me, now on BBC News it is time

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for Click. It's entertaining, it's convenient, and is always there.

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But his television the baby sitter that could rewire your child's

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Screen and not heard, this week we need the scientists who think that

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young children should be kept away from all TV. Family-friendly fun,

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and injure? Nintendo's brain new games machine the Wii U has finally

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been released. -- brand new. At last the latest Tech News and the

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ultimate Tech face-off in Webscape. Welcome to Click, I'm Spencer Kelly.

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Every so often on this programme we like to cover the latest tech

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offering for kids, for example the new robust tablets aimed

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specifically at children. But recently there have been growing

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concerns voiced by some fairly eminent experts over the damage

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that a kick like that could do. The question we should all be asking

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ourselves, they say, he should young children be exposed to

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screens at all? -- is assured. Whether it's TV made for children

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or tablets made for adults, it's almost impossible for today's kids

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to grow up without being captivated by brightly dancing two dimensional

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characters on one screen or another. Children's instinctive sensitivity

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to sudden changes in sound and vision is apparent from birth.

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Infants on their backs on the floor will crane their necks to watch TV.

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But there is growing concern around the world that very young children

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shouldn't watch any more screens at all. In the US paediatric and

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government guidelines recommend that no child under two be exposed

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to any screens, and Michelle Obama in her official capacity has been

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campaigning to curtail screen watching for under twos. Limiting

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screen time for kids, but making sure that we eliminate it for kids

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under two. I know a lot of parents are shocked by that. France has

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already and digital terrestrial TV aimed at children under three,

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while Australia and Canada have similar recommendations. Aside from

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the existing concerns over promoting childhood obesity, new

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research suggests there are more problems when leaving small

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children transfixed in front of screens. Aric Sigman's research

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looks at studies done about the amount of time spent at looking

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screens and the changes that occur. He highlights concerns different

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from the old medical worries about children getting fatter. Early

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screen viewing is likely to lead to long periods of the ring for the

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rest of your life, the way you view screens when you're young our

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habits you pick up for ever. What is implicated in this is a chemical

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called dopamine, this may be the case. Dopamine is produced when we

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see something that's interesting or new, but it also has a second

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function. It is also the chemical involved in most addictions, it is

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the reward chemical that gives us the good feeling when we do

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something. There are concerns among neuroscientists about this dopamine

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being produced every single day for many years may change the reward

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secretary in a child's brain. It may make them more dependent a upon

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Screen Media. When squinty these became household items, there was

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nothing entertaining on them. -- screen TVs. Now they have the power

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to mesmerise. Infants screen viewing is increasingly common and

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some estimate more than 90 % of young children in the US at least

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start regularly watching TV well before the age of two in spite of

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recommendations to the contrary. At Oxford University Baroness green

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field has been conducting cutting edge experiments on rat brains to

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find out how the neurotransmitter dopamine affects large group of

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brain cells. We know a lot about dopamine, it has many jobs in the

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brain, and somehow it is related to addiction, reward, arousal, in very

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subtle ways. It's also believed that perhaps video gaming tax into

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the system, most recently there was a study out where it shows the area

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of the brain related to dopamine was actually enhanced in kids that

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were compulsive video gamers, similar to compulsive gamblers.

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This is little don year, she was eight months old when her parents

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realise she wouldn't eat without help from her eye pad. -- Don year.

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They were forced to take the tablet wherever they went. She was

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eventually weaned from the screen after advice from paediatricians,

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but that that's not to say that all screens and types of content are

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equally bad. There is a world of difference about how the

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technologies are used. If you read a story to your kid on Kindle for

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example, that's not the same as the child themselves interacting

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independently with an iPad. Programme-makers know this,

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although they don't know the name dopamine, they know the more edits

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you put into a programme the more likely it is to keep the child's

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interest up to a certain point. Providing the child with novelty is

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likely to produce higher levels of dopamine, making the child seek

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more and more screen time to satisfy their need for more

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dopamine. This is speculation at the moment but there are good

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reasons to think this is correct. Indeed, some experts recommend that

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what a very young child watches should have as few edits in as

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possible. Like these old programmes on the 1950s. It seems the old

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Watch With Mother era might have had the right idea all along.

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you hear anything? I wonder what's in the box. Do you know, children?

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Near to Hollywood at the heart of the Silver Screen Industries,

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children's digital media centre at Los Angeles aims to study

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children's interaction with the new forms of digital media to see how

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this affects their off-line lights and long-term development. If a

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parent is sitting next to a child while they are looking at the

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screens, and they are saying let's say the screen says a word and the

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parent says, look, happy, the baby is happy, and points to it.

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Actually a child can learn from that, even young children, because

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it is social interaction. At a certain age screens can teach, once

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a child understands that the screen is a way to comprehend the world.

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But even then the child needs to be at a certain stage in their

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development. Children need to understand that this 2D flat screen

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represents their real world, that does not happen normally until

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closer to two years. So they are not really learning. But without

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social interaction, screens at young ages don't teach anything.

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Experts disagree on which particular areas of development can

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be affected by watching screens. Although children with attention

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deficit hyperactivity disorder to spend more time playing video games

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and watching TV, this is thought to be a symptom of the condition, not

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a cause. Different countries are reacting differently to studies

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done on children and screens. Despite France, Canada and

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Australia's stance against infant viewing, as recently as 2008 the UK

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recommended children be exposed to technology, computers and screens

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from a very young age. Since then the advice has been removed but the

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UK currently has no medical or governmental guidelines. The BBC's

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CBeebies channel is one of the most prominent stations aimed at small

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children in the UK, want some of its content implies young viewers

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are welcome. CBeebies told us its programming was aimed at children

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of two years and older, and these particular sections were aired to

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allow older siblings and family members to share in the birthday

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celebrations. BabyTV, owned by News Corporation, says it targets

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children up to four years old. Despite France's concerns it can't

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be banned within the EU because it has been granted a licence to

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broadcast in one country, the UK. If you watch it in France however

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you also see regular warnings about the dangers of young viewing. Now

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look, too 0.5 years ago when I became a parent for the first time,

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I absolutely admit that TV can be very useful -- 2.5 years. If I need

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to occupy him for a few minutes when I climb a ladder I can put a

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programme on. If we need him to calm down in the evening we can sit

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down and watch a cartoon together. Am I really damaging my son's

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brain? Some parents don't have the luxury of having someone else take

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care of their child, they need to work for example. So the screen

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becomes a baby sitter, a helpful tool. If you leave your child in

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front of the screen for too long as a baby sitter there's a danger they

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won't learn in the same way that a child who would be socially

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interacting with you would, a child who follows a parent around who is

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doing just the laundry or the cooking and follows the parent

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around, verses a child sitting in front of the TV, will learn more

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words. What we need to do is a. A variety of measures. First the

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print and broadcast measure will need to promote the discussion and

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get people thinking about it. -- a doctor. We need more surveys.

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Surveys and trains are not experiments, but no more was

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smoking and lung cancer in the Fifties and experiment, but people

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started to see a link, then eventually epidemiologists, a long

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and they established one thing could have caused the other. While

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the jury is out on whether screen entertainment poses a serious risk

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to very small children, the advice from some government health

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departments, paediatric medical organisations, and experts, is to

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air on the side of caution for the time being, and let the little ones

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snuggle up with a good book instead. If you have any thoughts on the

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safety of screens for children, or if you have any personal experience

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of their effect, then please do drop us a line. We're on Facebook,

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and we're on Twitter. Next up, it is this week's Tech News. The

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conflict between Israel and the Palestinians has been mirrored on

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line, both the Israeli army and Hamas have been giving military and

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political commentaries over Tweeted. Activists from the hacking

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collective Anonymous have been instrumental in many of the

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estimated 60 million largely failed hacking attempts on Israeli

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websites. They say their campaign is in response to what it says is a

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threat by the Israeli government to shut down internet connections in

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Gaza. The Israeli Defence Force has been up loading bay need videos to

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YouTube, and is hosting a game on its website where frequent visitors

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can win badges and achievements. A panel representing more than 50

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governments has published a list of 242 objections to new internet

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address endings. The list of no-nos encompasses names that have sparked

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a wide variety of political, religious and commercial concerns.

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Amongst Amazon's 28 rejected proposals, out of 76 submissions,.

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Amazon was supposed unsurprisingly by Brazil. Applicants now have to

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address the panels concerns or withdraw their submissions ahead of

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the roll-out in May next year. Face than users will soon be able to

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make calls to friends on the site for using its mobile app. --

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Facebook. Party Call will compete with Skype and WhatsApp. They can

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pose details to their profiles using the service. It was developed

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by Orange in France and will be launched their in the summer with

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other countries to follow. The world's oldest computer was

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switched on for the first time this week. Which Witch was considered a

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supercomputer in its time, it is today a giant calculator weighing

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2.5 tonnes. Volunteers at the National Museum of computing at

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Bletchley Park spent three years reconstructing its 10,000 moving

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parts. Some achievement. It's not that often that a new video games

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console is launched, but this month Nintendo will unleash the first of

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the next generation of home consoles. The thing is the

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technology inside the new Wii U seems decidedly current generation.

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If you know what I mean? So what's going on? Can Nintendo replicate

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the success of its last regime, the Wii, or has it misjudged the mood

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of the gaming public? Marc Cieslak is one man who knows his Mario from

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his Metroid, so we asked him to get to grips with Nintendo's new

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Nintendo had a history of innovation, his most recent home

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console, the Wii, introduced the world to motion controllers. A

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concept so simple but well executed that its rivals, Microsoft and Sony,

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concocted motion controlled devices. While the Kinect and the Move for

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PlayStation 3 had enjoyed success, the Wii went on to become the

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world's best-selling home console. Nintendo's engineers are keen to

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enervate with his latest at that, the Wii U. It makes use of an

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entirely different sort of Controller. It makes use of several

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different controllers. This is the familiar Wiimote, and then we had

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this, this is a tablet style, motion sensitive, Controller. There

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is also a stylus which can be used with the touch screen for

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additional control. It is almost as if Nintendo's designers are

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scratching their heads, wondering what to do with the controller,

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should it be a joypad, should it be motion sensitive, should it be a

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touch screen? They have dumped everything into the mix. They are

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trying to maintain the innovation brand around this kind of Wii U. It

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is not as easy to communicate this kind of innovation to the audience

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as the original Wii. That is the major challenge, communicating the

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differences. On top of the game pad, this console will also support a

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so-called pro Controller, which kind of looks like the controller

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from a Xbox or PlayStation 3. The Wii U itself is a black box, which

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at launch will come in two flavours, one with a meet at eight gigabytes

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of storage, and a premium model with 32 gigs. It has an AMD based

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graphics chip and a IBM processor. Unlike its predecessor, this

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machine can produce high-definition visuals. But in terms of technology,

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it is not what you would call cutting edge. The Wii U is not just

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a games machine, like the Xbox 360 and PlayStation 3, it will have

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multimedia capabilities, such as access to on demand for television

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services. But much of the functionality has been delayed. It

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will be made available on download. The Wii U's major point of

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difference is the game had Controller, which features a camera,

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microphone and speakers, and a touch screen. It is a bit 2008

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compared to all the model touch devices. There is the smorgasbord

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of different ways the player can interact with the pad itself. It is

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this bunch of different control mechanisms that I found slightly

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confusing, for instance, this game is Nintendo Land, a series of

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family-friendly many games. Each one of those uses a different

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control mechanism. You get the general idea. But that is just the

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start of the Wii's circus of confusion. Some of the games

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require the player to look at the television screen, but then they

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demanded to look at the controller's screen. It is a method

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of playing games and watching game played that is unusual, to say the

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least. The Wii will launch with a fairly healthy raft of games,

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including much hard core fare, such as a ZombieU, courtesy of that

:18:03.:18:09.

party developer Ubisoft. It is third party support that will be

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:18:19.:18:21.

crucial to the Wii U's success. has opened the platform up.

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Potentially, that is a good channel of content coming through to the

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platform. Initially, pre-orders and sales are looking quite healthy,

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but ultimately, such a confusing device is going to have a tough

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time replicating the success of the machine that it replaces.

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Proving that being first to market is not always contagious.

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We are always being asked whether one piece of technology is better

:18:51.:18:57.

than another. Often we will have an opinion, but we do not have time to

:18:57.:19:01.

compare everything. Kate Russell, on the other hand, things that she

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has. She will tell you why in Webscape.

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There are plenty of online comparison websites, but how do you

:19:12.:19:17.

know that you are getting an objective comparison, unfettered by

:19:17.:19:24.

personal opinion? Bursars -- Versusio wants to let you can pet

:19:25.:19:31.

products drawing on official specifications from the

:19:31.:19:41.
:19:41.:19:41.

manufacturer. At the moment, it compares technology products and

:19:41.:19:46.

services, but they plan on adding other things, such as people

:19:46.:19:51.

compared by their social media accounts and connections, or even

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their CV or work experience. I'm not sure how I feel about being

:19:56.:20:01.

compared to other people in such a sweeping fashion, but for now, it

:20:01.:20:06.

mainly covers smart phones and tablets, and you will get an idea

:20:06.:20:12.

for size and form factor would be like size graphics option. -- with

:20:12.:20:22.
:20:22.:20:23.

If you are fascinated by astronomy but do not have your own telescope,

:20:23.:20:27.

Universetoday is a great YouTube channel, posting many in Latin in

:20:27.:20:32.

programmes and documentaries, but they also her hot -- -- many

:20:32.:20:37.

enlightening. Contributors who do have a telescope trained at on the

:20:37.:20:41.

skies and then everybody joins in a live discussion about what is being

:20:41.:20:51.
:20:51.:20:51.

seen. This is the Cocoon Nebula up. I just ran across it today. YouTube

:20:51.:20:57.

channels are a great way to find free content that is really unusual,

:20:57.:21:00.

the lower production and distribution cost makes it possible

:21:00.:21:04.

to make really experimental videos, and some of them are quite an eye-

:21:04.:21:14.
:21:14.:21:15.

opener. This is The Aspie Show. My passion is Asperger's. This is a

:21:15.:21:19.

link to a YouTube programme called The Aspie Show. It talks openly

:21:19.:21:24.

about the condition. It celebrates the Strentz for those on the

:21:24.:21:34.
:21:34.:21:39.

spectrum, rather than seeing it as a disability. -- the strengths.

:21:39.:21:44.

Millions of tweets are sent out into the ether every hour, but what

:21:44.:21:51.

do you tweets reveal about you? This is the app Mindofman.com hopes

:21:51.:21:58.

to answer. It creates a visualisation of your personality,

:21:58.:22:02.

called a MindPrint, and then extracting key traits do give you

:22:02.:22:12.
:22:12.:22:14.

an idea of how you may be perceived by others. Once you have begun your

:22:14.:22:19.

mind of man Jenny, you can unlock other reports, such as revealing a

:22:19.:22:28.

celebrity twin. -- mind of man journey. It may also uncover your

:22:28.:22:34.

arch online nemesis. It says that I am a nerdist. I doubt anyone would

:22:34.:22:39.

be that surprised about it. You will have to own tokens to unlock

:22:39.:22:43.

the reports, which she India by sharing the results or answering

:22:43.:22:53.
:22:53.:23:01.

questions. There is also a premium version. -- which you can do.

:23:01.:23:03.

So should have you cite Minube has just added English-language

:23:04.:23:09.

versions of its site. -- social travel website. It has been popular

:23:09.:23:13.

in Latin America, offering a buzzing social platform for

:23:13.:23:23.
:23:23.:23:30.

travellers. Ready for a mind- blowing trip? Google pass my

:23:30.:23:39.

experiment to let you fly around in sophisticated the view of the

:23:39.:23:49.
:23:49.:23:55.

If you prefer your maps a little more down-to-earth, Nokia maps are

:23:55.:24:00.

here. With term by term navigation and social features, let's hope it

:24:00.:24:05.

fills the gap left by many iPhone uses when Google Maps it fell off

:24:05.:24:15.
:24:15.:24:17.

the laps list. The apps list. Or why you are on our website, you

:24:17.:24:26.

On Click we meet the scientists who think that young children should be kept away from TV. Plus we put Nintendo's new gaming console Wii U through its paces. Includes tech news and web reviews.


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