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A look at how artificial intelligence is being used in the healthcare industry, and how 3D printing could change the way buildings are designed.


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This week, I robot. Robo chef. And some loud, noisy animals meet the

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locals. The design Museum in London has

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moved into a new home, and it is suitably stunning. I have come to

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see Fear And Love, an exhibition of 11 designers reactions to our

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increase in the context. The most animated star Joe has to be any

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industrial robot arm it is will present a more friendly face to

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robotics and maybe help us empathise with the economics of the future. It

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senses where you are and comes bounding over to see you, but if it

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gets bored it will turn its attention to someone else. It is

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like an excitable puppy, actually. Who knows, installations like this

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may help to allay our fears of being around giant machines like this. I

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have to say, it will still be a while before I trust this thing with

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a scalpel, for example. That said, computers are increasingly being

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used in healthcare around the world. There is plenty of research into how

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artificial intelligence can help doctors better look after patients.

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We have been taking a look at some of the latest developments.

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Around the world, hospitals are facing a backlog of patients, ageing

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populations and a shortage of specialist staff. Some hospitals are

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teaming up with artificial intelligence research teams to see

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if there are ways high-tech solutions can supplement or even

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enhance healthcare in the face of these challenges. Singapore has a

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nursing crisis. Its health minister says they will need more than 30,000

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new nurses before 2020, and completely rethink the way it cares

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for its ageing population. So when the CEO of one of its largest

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private hospital networks approached IBM's Watson team, they come up with

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a pilot project to try to help nurses working with the most

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critically ill patients. This is the intensive care unit at Mount

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Elizabeth Hospital. It is where four beds are conducted to artificial

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intelligence nursing systems, collecting vital signs from the

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patients in digging nurses a more complete picture of who needs the

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most care. -- and giving. In one of the first trials of its kind in the

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world, the AI is constantly monitoring output and making

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connections on a vast range of data, including a commonly used scale. The

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scores correspond to a higher incidence of death, and it is

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particularly important in the first 24 hours after admission. This

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patient has four limes, so if you don't see anything flashing, it

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means it needs monitoring. One of the patient is at the high end of

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the alert and nurses can quickly access the information in real-time

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and look at patterns in their vital signs to see if they are at greater

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risk of infections like sepsis. In the AI could help photo imaging

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which is the focus of research between Google and the NHS. The

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Royal College of radiologists says 99% of hospitals are struggling to

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keep up with demand, and the UK has the third lowest numbers of

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specialists who can interpret 's gains in Europe. Seven per 100,000

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people. The large amount of data is overwhelming a health service

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stretched to the limit -- scans. If you can use algorithms or machine

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learning or artificial intelligence to set an alert for you to trigger

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to say something has happened, you need to go and see this, this is

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urgent and you need to deal with that, in the next hour or so when

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you may have not known about that. I think it will improve quality of

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care and actually improve equity across the system. One of the first

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areas where the NHS is testing artificial intelligence is at

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Moorfields, one of the busiest I hospitals in the world. Google is

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applying the same machinery technology behind its winning Alpha

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go computer programme. It beat the world's best human player by

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completing tens of thousands of positions per second. We started it

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to develop general-purpose burning and use those systems and learning

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to make the world a better place. It was obvious to us a few years ago

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that there is a massive opportunity to deliver the lead meaningful and

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improved benefits to many patients and people across the world using

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our techniques to try to improve the way we diagnose and treat patients

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at risk of all sorts of diseases. The Moorfields Hospital research is

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using scans from this OCT, or optical coherence stenography

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machine, which gets a 3-dimensional image. It is used to diagnose

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diseases like macular degeneration and diabetic bred apathy, two

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leading causes of sight loss. ! Our loss. DeepMind is trying to develop

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a algorithm to show scans of consent. They were chosen because of

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the high rate of information on the way they can be broken down into

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pixels showing areas where damage has occurred. I was especially

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attracted to speaking to DeepMind because I thought their algorithms

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would have the best ability to deal with 3-D imaging of an extremely

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high resolution form such as the city. This is such a delicate area

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of the eye that any sort of disruption of the normal

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architecture has really amazingly severe consequences -- OCT. I

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believe health career could be at a pivotal moment in history by these

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advances in technology such as artificial intelligence will

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fundamentally change the way medicine is practised, and have huge

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benefits for patients. If you think about it, the best humans in the

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world will have seen only a fraction of the number of cases that we can

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show to an algorithm. Imagine we took all of the cases that many of

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the top ophthalmologists in the world have seen themselves, and

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aggregate them all in one place. Now the algorithm can sample from all of

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the case studies that are seen by various humans and deliver a much

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higher standard, more consistently, when making a diagnosis. Are these

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projects still in the research or project stage, but is fascinating to

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see how artificial intelligence could transform healthcare and the

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two better and faster treatment in the future -- all of these projects.

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Hello, and welcome to the Week In tech.

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It was the week that Amazon completed its first drone

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Taking 30 minutes from order to delivery, plus three years

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if you factor in research and development, the elaborately

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orchestrated trial involved an Amazon product and a bag

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It was also the week that Super Mario came to the iPhone,

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Pokemon Go got an upgrade, and a UK surgeon filmed an operation

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And mere hours after hitting the road in San Francisco,

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Uber has been ordered to stop offering passengers

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Regulators have warned the company required a state of permanent

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The order comes after footage emerged of a self-driving car

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And finally, Stanford students put teeny goggles on tiny parrots.

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But this was to protect the birds' eyes as they were trained to fly

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The new technique has allowed scientists to gain a greater

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understanding of how birds fly by analysing the movement

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of particles around their flight paths.

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It is hoped the work will improve flying robots of the future.

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MUSIC PLAYS Where did you love or loathe

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cooking, sometimes it would be nice to just make it a little bit quicker

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and easier. So I have been testing some of the latest gadgets that aim

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to come to the rescue. I have called it a bit of help from a friend. This

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prototype robotic kitchen is making crab bisque today. It meant the

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slick moves from a professional chef, whose motions were tracked in

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the same space, making the same dish, using sensors and cameras.

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This is actually quite extraordinary to watch, and that is the first drop

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of mess that I have seen. It seems to be pretty clean and tidy. The

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only issue is it doesn't do the washing up. That's right, I am not

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doing it! And no drinking that. Everything needs to be precisely

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prepared before, although some form of ingredient recognition is claimed

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to be within its abilities before it goes on sale, which as you might

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imagine, will be at quite a cost. A figure of around ?100,000 is being

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thrown around. While Moley gets on with things, I will use my devices

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to make all of this, and there is nobody to do the troubling to me. I

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had better get on. First up, the decision could go to make some miso

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salmon. For anyone who doesn't know what this method is, like me a few

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weeks ago, it involves serving food in a bad and cooking it in water at

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a precise temperature for a specific amount of time, so it should end up

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perfectly and evenly cooked all the way through. This device can connect

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to a smartphone app where you will find recipes and instructions you

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need. Once you have the baby food, and that is the salmon in the back,

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quite literally. -- prepared the food. You pop it in any suitably

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sized pot with the Anova attached and confirm you are ready to go.

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Although this model, which is Wi-Fi enabled, you can set it remotely,

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although you would need to have everything prepared, of course. So

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that is the main bit of the cooking done. But it does still need ceiling

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for one minute in a frying pan. This needs to cook for just one minute on

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each side, so it might heat up! Searing. Now for the moment of

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truth. The five is great. It feels evenly cooked throughout. --

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flavour. I probably missed the fact it is not crispy from the pen. I

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could have left it in to do that, but followed the instructions. But

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the taste is fantastic and the flavour is really good. A smart

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frying pan could have dealt with that issue. And funnily enough, that

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just what Pantelligent is. I thought the idea it was dark to start with.

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Who needs a Bluetooth connected frying pan that connects to your

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mobile to tell you how long to cook things for? I do, it seems, as I

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perfected some dishes that may otherwise have been compromised.

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This is great. It tells you how many degrees lower it needs to be. The

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pen's turbojets jet setter keeps track of the heatsink were regularly

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reminded to turn it up and down! Pen's temperature setting. You are

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told register and add other ingredients. That is really good. I

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was concerned the potato wouldn't be ticked all the way through but if I

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had done without this might frying pan, that would have been a brisk --

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corked. But that was fantastic. Spot-on, I would say. Back to the

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soup and it seems to be ready. This was the only dish it had on offer

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for us today, but eventually it should be able to burn as many

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recipes as it gets taught. -- learn. A great bit of theatre, but I am

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very irritated by this mark on the bowl. But there is nothing to clean

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it up with. And the soup needs trying. But I don't eat crab, which

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is an issue. I am giving it a go. Oh, crab. It's really nice. I will

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be a while. Do was Lara. Meanwhile, back in at

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the Design Museum in London, some of the most beautiful 3D printing I

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think that the scene. -- that was Lara. These are one artist's

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suggestion about how we might revive the ancient culture of making death

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masks. I wouldn't mind one because it would make me look like I was in

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the film Alien.. Next, what would happen if you scaled that technology

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right up? What if you were to let it loose on our homes, our cities and

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our architecture? The buildings around us don't look the way they do

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by accident. The design, the shape and the structure are all results,

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-- the result of designers, what we need the buildings to do and the

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practical limitations of the materials and building techniques

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we've discovered. This is very much the age of concrete, steel and

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glass. But with new technology and techniques, what could the next wave

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for our buildings look like? The building industry is still in 19th

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century technology. It hasn't really evolved like other disciplines and

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if you look now at the speed at which cities are growing, of

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technology is really lacking behind. Industrial scale 3D printing has

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already been put to use the print full-scale buildings, like this

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housing project in China. But researchers are now turning to

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computers to not just create buildings but to help design them.

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And the results? Well, a little unusual. This is a prototype: that's

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been three -- 3D printed here at the University College London. We

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basically used a computer and used algorithms to generate these forms

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for us. They may look strange, but they are highly optimised. So these

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forms attempt to save material and become more efficient, but at the

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same time they produce a sort of aesthetic that is very appealing to

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us as architects and it really doesn't look what the normal

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building any more. Normal 3D printing creates objects by building

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up thousands of the layers, which can imagine takes a fair while. The

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idea here is to save time by printing just what you need, which

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means rather than printing Flatley is instead with shapes, like

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pyramids. The software they've created can take this a step further

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by figuring out which bits are structurally essential and getting

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rid of the rest. Before computers we had to build with hands and now we

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can create algorithms that make this calculation is for us, but that

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doesn't mean we don't design, we does optimise the process and we can

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create in that we couldn't ever think of before. 3D printing will

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allow architecture to be much more details, much more fine and also

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much more efficient. You can 3D printing exactly the material that

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you need in a specific part of the building. You will make it perform

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much more efficiently. Before these new techniques can be put to use,

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they first need to be proven to be strong and safe. Case in point, this

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bridge project aims to 3D printed usable steel bridge right in the

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centre of Amsterdam. Created using similar generative algorithms, the

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project has been held up while the company proves the regulators that

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the design is structurally sound. The actual bridge now isn't slated

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to appear on till next year. Techniques like these promised to

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spice up our city skylines, but it could still be a while before we see

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3D printed is now building sites. That was Steve. Now, earlier this

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year we shot an entire programme in 360 degrees. To get these shots we

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had to use a six oh pro cameras strapped together and let me tell

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you the postproduction was a nightmare. -- GoPro cameras. But

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since March more than a dozen much cheaper consumer cameras have gone

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on sale, so we felt we wanted to see if they were any good, so we sent

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our top team on a mission. Go to central Africa, see if the cameras

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can't cope and above all keep calm! It almost went to plan.

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We're driving through Rwanda. I've come to shoot some of the highlights

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of this landlocked country in 360, including a beach... We are close to

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the border with Congo at Rwanda's very own lake. I found my way to the

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beach and I have to try this first of all. This has two 180 cameras

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that gets stuck together on the device. It is almost too easy to use

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and superquick. We actually aren't here to shoot the beach, we are here

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to capture something quite special. Meet some of this acrobatic squad

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who have taken an interest in my new camera. I'm not sure this is a good

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idea. It features the two 180 shops together really well with a few

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aberrations near the edges of each lens. There is no post, so as soon

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as it is shot you can watch it back or Sherrock. Time to try something

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different. We are leading the beach and on our way to the mountains. It

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is supposed to be a beautiful journey, so we will use this camera

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to try to capture the beauty of the Rwandan countryside. Dashboard

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cameras are typically used to record any accident that might happen, but

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we made use of this super HD wide angles dash cam as a perfect camera,

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each file has its GPS information attached. Before we set off, we set

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up another 360 camera just in case we spotted filming opportunity. The

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LG 360 camera is the cheapest of before we brought with us. It takes

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a 200 degree shot, two of them, which are then stitched together.

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Wigan arrived at the volcano mountains, ready for some unexpected

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guests. -- we arrived. Unlike the Insta360, the LG cam Cannex

:20:17.:20:22.

wirelessly to your iPhones you can leave it in the middle of the action

:20:23.:20:28.

and then sit back and watch. -- connects. The picture wasn't as

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crisp and colourful as the Insta360. The camera is lightweight and the in

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battery didn't last long. But the three microphones offered good

:20:38.:20:40.

surround sound, something the will appreciate more if you what your

:20:41.:20:45.

movies through a VR headset. -- something you will. As the light

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faded, we decided to prepare the series kit that we would be using to

:20:50.:20:53.

fill out for high up on the mountain early the next morning. I brought

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the 360 Fly, which looks like a golf ball with an eye. That the camera

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with a 240 degrees superwide lens. That means there is no stitching

:21:08.:21:12.

together of shots and that should mean a smooth and clean picture. She

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used the Kodak double action camera. The two cameras need to be

:21:20.:21:24.

synchronised, so they are started by a remote-controlled watch so the

:21:25.:21:28.

record the same time. The image from the two cameras need to be stitched

:21:29.:21:31.

together later with Kodak software, if the stitching works well we

:21:32.:21:39.

should get winning results. We've been told Rwanda was stunning so we

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decided to trek 3000 metres up to take a look. A fellow adventurer at

:21:47.:21:54.

kindly agreed to be our cameraman, which means we strapped the golf

:21:55.:21:58.

ball to his head and it soon became apparent what the limitation of his

:21:59.:22:02.

single lens camera was. A great, lucky black pit at the bottom of the

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picture. Ones in the jungle it looked awful. To be fair, it can be

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cropped out later, leaving a better view that actually 360 horizontally

:22:16.:22:20.

but you can't look down. The superwide angle made everything

:22:21.:22:24.

seemed far away. Anything close up looked great, but the sound quality

:22:25.:22:30.

was ruined. As we trudged through the undergrowth, we decided it was

:22:31.:22:39.

time to swap over to the Kodak. It was then the adventure really took

:22:40.:22:45.

off. The air got thinner and this camera looked like it would capture

:22:46.:22:48.

anything we came across. Or anything that came across us.

:22:49.:23:01.

By having two super high-definition cameras we weren't just able to

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capture this incredible creatures wherever they went, but we have the

:23:07.:23:12.

resolution to zoom in as well. On the downside, the two cameras didn't

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automatically stitch well together. After fiddling with it using Kodak's

:23:17.:23:21.

on software, we decided on shot was running behind the other. After a

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calculated week got this much better results. -- tweak. The picture

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quality was the best of the bunch. The 360 cameras can allow you to

:23:34.:23:39.

capture everything in one go, but finer details still elude even the

:23:40.:23:43.

best of them, meaning it will still be a while before you feel like

:23:44.:23:47.

you're right there. That was Dan Simmons, clearly

:23:48.:23:52.

angling to be the 360 David Attenborough. That's it from the

:23:53.:23:58.

design Museum in London. Next week, it is the Click Christmas party, so

:23:59.:24:03.

be prepared for well, anything! Plus a look back at our best bits of

:24:04.:24:07.

2016. In the meantime, we live on Twitter. Thanks for watching!

:24:08.:24:33.

Friday was another grey day for many parts of the country. Any breaks in

:24:34.:24:37.

the cloud, mist and

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